BT

Typical G.C. analysis

abies balsamea needle oil canada
#%LeftshiftComponents
240.31-2.07  borneol
194.89-16.22  bornyl acetate
250.02-0.21delta- cadinene
53.49-9.72  camphene
180.04-0.56  camphor
80.00-27.27delta-3- carene
200.00-0.27alpha- cedrene
150.03-0.16para- cymene
220.06-0.60alpha- humulene
121.83-15.63  limonene
100.71-2.28  myrcene
170.00-0.691- octen-1-yl acetate
90.03-0.19alpha- phellandrene
134.39-12.64beta- phellandrene
46.18-14.29alpha- pinene
628.10-56.10beta- pinene
70.02-0.23  sabinene
10.30-1.41  santene
210.06-0.29  terpinen-4-ol
110.02-0.11alpha- terpinene
140.06-0.31gamma- terpinene
230.56-4.48alpha- terpineol
160.17-1.68  terpinolene
30.00-0.21alpha- thujene
260.00-2.89  thymol
20.56-1.69  tricyclene

J. M. Regimbal and G. Collin, Essential Oil Analysis of Balsam Fir Abies balsamea (L.) Mill. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 229-238 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 5, 95, (1995)

acacia absolute
#%LeftshiftComponents
3034.36para- anisaldehyde
230.13  anisyl acetate
35.98  benzaldehyde
27trace  benzothiazole
360.18  benzyl 2-methyl propionate
160.75  benzyl acetate
60.01  benzyl alcohol
450.09  benzyl benzoate
420.13  citronellyl acetate
280.37beta- cyclocitral
340.09  decanol
540.02  dibutyl phthalate
570.09  docosane
290.15  dodecane
550.40  eicosane
500.11  ethyl para-anisate
330.18  ethyl salicylate
325.57  geranial
3119.45  geraniol
220.56  geranyl acetate
561.76  heneicosane
440.51  heptadecane
490.68alpha- ionone
521.34beta- ionone
80.20  limonene
140.86  linalool
130.31(Z)- linalool oxide
212.02 methyl 2,6-dihydrobenzoate
510.59 methyl 6-methoxysalicylate
120.09  methyl benzoate
10.22  methyl cyclohexane
413.833-methyl dec-3-enol
370.923-methyl dec-4-enol
40.18  methyl heptenone
38trace1- methyl naphthalene
350.022- methyl naphthalene
430.31  methyl para-anisate
400.042- methyl propyl benzoate
2694.40  methyl salicylate
51.06  myrcene
252.50  naphthalene
200.66  neryl acetate
486.25  nonadecane
150.13(E,Z)-2,6- nonadienal
170.20(E)-2- nonenal
190.20(E)-2- nonen-1-ol
181.43(Z)-3- nonen-1-ol
100.59(E)-ocimene
90.18(Z)- ocimene
460.15  octadecane
20.04  octane
110.03  octanol
530.26  pentadecane
240.22  tetradecane
580.37  tricosane
390.31  tridecane
70.072,2,6- trimethyl cyclohexanone
470.266,10,14- trimethyl pentadecanone
590.112,6,6- trimethyl-2-hydroxycyclohexylidene acetic acid lactone

R. A. Flath, T. R. Mon, G. Lorenz, V. J. Whitten and J. W. Mackley, Volatile components of Acacua ap. Blossoms. J. Agric. Food Chem., 31, 1167-1170 (1983).

P&F 9, No. 4, 35, (1984)

achillea millefolium herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.30  bicyclogermacrene
202.50  borneol
300.60  bornyl acetate
44tracedelta- cadinene
430.20gamma- cadinene
490.40alpha- cadinol
470.40T- cadinol
42.50  camphene
1725.50  camphor
260.50trans- carveol
270.10cis- carveol
320.70trans- carvyl acetate
35tracecis- carvyl acetate
380.60beta- caryophyllene
460.50  caryophyllene oxide
500.30  chamazulene
290.20(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
1117.401,8- cineole
100.60para- cymene
37tracebeta- elemene
340.10delta- elemene
45trace  elemol
330.40  eugenol
401.20  germacrene D
39tracealpha- humulene
361.90(Z)- jasmone
212.00  lavandulol
120.50  limonene
163.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
182.20(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
42tracealpha- muurolene
48tracealpha- muurolol
70.50beta- myrcene
230.80  myrtenal
251.00  myrtenol
312.90  neryl acetate
280.20(Z)- ocimenone
80.50alpha- phellandrene
34.20alpha- pinene
69.50beta- pinene
190.40  pinocarvone
52.90  sabinene
140.20(E)- sabinene hydrate
221.10  terpinen-4-ol
90.60alpha- terpinene
130.60gamma- terpinene
240.90alpha- terpineol
150.20  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene
10.20  tricyclene

A. C. Figueiredo, J. G. Barroso, M. S. S. Pais and J. J. C. Scheffer, Composition of the essential oils from two populations of Achilea mmillefolium L. ssp. milllefolium. J. Chromatogr Sci., 30, 392-395 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

achillea millefolium oil greece
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.50  artemisyl alcohol
16trace  artemisyl ketone
10.40  artemisia triene
3349.30  ascaridole
550.10alpha- bisabolol
292.00iso borneol
50tracedelta- cadinene
49tracegamma- cadinene
540.10alpha- cadinol
530.10T- cadinol
50.90  camphene
268.10  camphor
11tracedelta-3- carene
37trace  carvacrol
430.40beta- caryophyllene
520.20  caryophyllene oxide
280.20(Z)- chrysanthenol
36trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
1410.501,8- cineole
40tracealpha- copaene
410.10beta- cubebene
46tracear- curcumene
137.40para- cymene
42tracebeta- elemene
44trace(E)-beta- farnesene
350.30  geranial
47trace  germacrene D
45tracealpha- humulene
390.80(Z)- jasmone
270.10  lavandulol
150.10  limonene
220.50  linalool
48tracealpha- muurolene
9trace  myrcene
51trace(E)- nerolidol
6trace1- octen-3-ol
10tracealpha- phellandrene
40.40alpha- pinene
80.30beta- pinene
70.40  sabinene
190.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
250.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
301.10  terpinen-4-ol
127.00alpha- terpinene
180.30gamma- terpinene
310.50alpha- terpineol
210.30  terpinolene
3tracealpha- thujene
231.50alpha- thujone
240.20beta- thujone
341.40 thujyl isobutyrate
380.10  thymol
2trace  tricyclene
320.20  verbenone
171.70  yomogi alcohol

P. Chatzopoulou, S. T. Katsiotis and A. Baerheim Svendsen, An ascaridole containing essential oil of the Achilles millefolium L. complex growing wild in Northen Greece, J. Essent. Oil Res., 4, 457-459 (1992).

P&F 22, No. 3, 57, (1997)

acorus calamus leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
301.61  acolamone
363.62iso acolamone
284.09  acoragermacrone
396.57(1,10)- aristolen-2-one
340.21beta- bisabolene
100.11  borneol
140.25  bornyl acetate
170.05beta- bourbonene
294.07delta- cadinene
310.30alpha- calacorene
420.58iso calamendiol
410.10  calamenene
400.72  calamusenone
90.08  camphor
204.13beta- caryophyllene
160.04alpha- copaene
230.32beta- cubebene
351.81isoepi-cubenol
40.04para- cymene
430.40  dibutyl phthalate
180.79beta- elemene
150.21delta- elemene
320.73  elemol
270.80beta- guaiene
240.96beta- gurjurene
210.07alpha- humulene
52.61  limonene
83.10  linalool
130.11  linalyl acetate
470.02  linoleic acid
30.07para- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
480.04  methyl 9,12,15-octadecatrienoate
190.86  methyl eugenol
263.37(E)- methyl isoeugenol
2236.40(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
372.60alpha- muurolol
383.17epi-alpha- muurolol
20.09  myrcene
450.041- octadecene
440.06  palmitic acid
460.11  phytol
10.21  sabinene
253.19  shyobunone
330.64iso shyobunone
110.21  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
60.05gamma- terpinene
120.31alpha- terpineol
490.10  tricosane

M. X. Li and Z-B. Jiang, The volatile constituents of the essential oil and their distribution in Acorus calamus L. Zhongcaoyo, 24, 459-461 (1993).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

acorus calamus root oil mongolia
#%LeftshiftComponents
2714.40  acorenone
320.90  acorone
315.70iso acorone
131.00alpha- bergamotene
204.60  bornyl acetate
171.30delta- cadinene
280.70alpha- cadinol
301.40  calamendiol
2512.10preiso calamendiol
290.50  calamusenone
20.50  camphene
181.50  camphor
81.101,8- cineole
120.30alpha- copaene
140.50beta- elemene
110.50delta- elemene
151.00(E)-beta- farnesene
71.10  limonene
191.30  linalool
260.80(E)- methyl isoeugenol
50.70  myrcene
100.80(E)-beta- ocimene
90.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
40.20alpha- phellandrene
10.70alpha- pinene
30.90beta- pinene
160.70alpha- selinene
230.50  shyobunone
223.706-epi-shyobunone
2413.10iso shyobunone
211.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.40alpha- terpinene

M. N. Todorova, I. V. Ognyanov and S. Shatar, Chemical composition of essential oil from Mongolian Acorus calamus L. rhizomes. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 191-193 (1995).

P&F 22, No. 2, 59, (1997)

agathosma betulina leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.23(E)-2-acetoxyisomenthone
340.21(E)-2-acetoxymenthone
26trace  carvone
84.431,8- cineole
110.16para- cymene
200.12(E)- dihydrocarvone
190.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
3022.30  diosphenol
2718.584-diosphenol
350.671-hydroxy-4-diosphenol
360.404-hydroxydiosphenol
240.46(E)-2-hydroxymenthone
290.37(Z)-2-hydroxymenthone
280.128-hydroxymenthone
611.64  limonene
150.50  linalool
139.82  menthone
1419.91iso menthone
310.53(E)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
322.33(Z)-8- mercapto-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol)
40.61  myrcene
100.25(E)-beta- ocimene
70.08beta- phellandrene
10.37alpha- pinene
20.29beta- pinene
250.06  piperitone
210.94  pulegone
160.54(E)-iso pulegone
170.40(Z)-iso pulegone
30.15  sabinene
180.90  terpinen-4-ol
50.13alpha- terpinene
90.34gamma- terpinene
230.28alpha- terpineol
220.23delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996). P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)
agathosma crenulata oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 6.83(E)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((E)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.37(Z)-8-acetyl thio-para-menthan-3-one ((Z)-3-oxo-para-menthan-8-thiol acetate)
 0.22  carvone
 1.191,8- cineole
 0.41para- cymene
 0.18(E)- dihydrocarvone
 0.21(Z)- dihydrocarvone
 1.038-hydroxy-para-menth-4-en-3-one
 trace(Z)-2-hydroxyisomenthone
 4.678-hydroxymenthone
 11.70  limonene
 0.76  linalool
 trace  menthofuran
 2.91  menthone
 3.58iso menthone
 1.01  myrcene
 0.06(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.07beta- phellandrene
 0.73alpha- pinene
 0.44beta- pinene
 trace  piperitone
 53.75  pulegone
 2.77(E)-iso pulegone
 2.78(Z)-iso pulegone
 trace  sabinene
 0.77  terpinen-4-ol
 0.05alpha- terpinene
 0.09gamma- terpinene
 0.43alpha- terpineol
 0.08delta- terpineol

M. A. Posthumus, T. A. van Beek, N. F. Collins and E. H. Graven, Chemical composition of the essential oils of Agathosma betulina, A. crenulata and an A. betulina x crenulata hybrid (buchu), J. Essent, Oil Res., 8, 223-228 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

aloysia triphylla oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
410.54  aromadendrene
350.10epi- bicyclosesquiphellandrene
480.15beta- bisabolene
310.56beta- bourbonene
520.24delta- cadinene
530.26gamma- cadinene
660.97T- cadinol
290.05alpha- campholenic aldehyde
570.36trans- carveol
590.12cis- carveol
500.50  carvone
373.49beta- caryophyllene
614.87  caryophyllene oxide
340.43alpha- cedrene
1110.071,8- cineole
260.17  citronellal
280.58alpha- copaene
544.93ar- curcumene
160.11para- cymene
420.11(E)-beta- farnesene
4911.93  geranial
580.04  geraniol
560.21  geranyl propionate
461.50  germacrene D
120.17(E)-2- hexenal
180.04(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
430.51alpha- humulene
1018.59  limonene
240.22(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
230.47(Z)-1,2-limonene epoxide + 1-octen-3-ol
320.38  linalool
220.04(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
400.41(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
10.35  methyl 2-methyl butyrate
620.08  methyl eugenol
40.102- methyl-3-buten-2-ol
190.016- methyl-3-heptanol
360.086- methyl-3,5-heptadien-2-one
171.406- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
670.19T- muurolol
70.40  myrcene
445.99  neral
550.12  nerol
630.73  nerolidol
510.72  neryl acetate
151.41(E)-beta- ocimene
130.11(Z)-beta- ocimene
200.06  perillene
300.40(E,E)-photocitral
270.22(Z,Z)- photocitral
210.14  photocitral B
21.42alpha- pinene
50.19beta- pinene
600.07  piperitenone
390.31  rosefuran epoxide
62.83  sabinene
250.80(E)- sabinene hydrate
330.20(Z)- sabinene hydrate
654.30  spathulenol
380.31  terpinen-4-ol
80.08alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
452.00alpha- terpineol
30.20alpha- thujene
90.051,3,3-trimethyl bicyclo(2,2,2)oct-5-ene
640.08  viridiflorol
470.27  zingiberene

T. Ozek, N. Kirimer, K. H. C. Baser and G. Tiimen, Composition of the essential oil of Aloysia triphylla (l’Herit,) Britton grown in Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8,581-563 (1896).

P&F 23, No. 5, 55, (1998)

alpinia galanga oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2410.70alpha- bergamotene
3016.20beta- bisabolene
12trace  borneol
172.50  bornyl acetate
20.50  camphene
230.90  caryophyllene
332.50  caryophyllene oxide
160.20  chavicol
191.00  chavicyl acetate
75.501,8- cineole
201.60  citronellyl acetate
220.70  copaene
281.90ar- curcumene
14tracepara- cymen-8-ol
60.80para- cymene
291.50  eugenyl acetate
2618.20(E)-beta- farnesene
215.10  geranyl acetate
250.60alpha- humulene
81.60  limonene
11trace  linalool
50.70  myrcene
311.90  pentadecane
321.60beta-sesqui phellandrene
110.20alpha- pinene
41.60beta- pinene
3trace  sabinene
270.80 santalene
130.30  terpinen-4-ol
9tracealpha- terpinene
150.20alpha- terpineol
10trace  terpinolene
18trace  tridecane

H. L. De Pooter, M. Nor Omar, B. A. Coolsaet and N. M. Schamp, The Essential Oil of Greater Galanga (Alpinia galanga) from Malaysia, Phytochem.,24, 93-96 (1985).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

alpinia officinarum root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
390.10alpha- amorphene
370.03  benzyl acetone
271.60(E)-alpha- bergamotene
410.21beta- bisabolene
260.50  bornyl acetate
440.02  butyl benzoate
50.21iso butyl isovalerate
332.50delta- cadinene
342.10gamma- cadinene
360.11  calacorene
350.21  calamenene
44.60  camphene
231.00  camphor
310.40  caryophyllene
460.15  caryophyllene oxide
949.601,8- cineole
220.41  copaene
130.01beta- copaene
200.04alpha- cubebene
111.60para- cymene
290.30beta- elemene
150.08gamma- elemene
160.75(E)-beta- farnesene
210.51alpha- fenchyl acetate
280.72alpha- guaiene
400.22delta- guaiene
180.11alpha- humulene
84.00  limonene
240.32  linalool
3trace  methyl isovalerate
320.92gamma- muurolene
70.62  myrcene
380.04  nerolidol
450.342- phenethyl 2-methyl butyrate
430.022- phenethyl isobutyrate
25.80alpha- pinene
66.60beta- pinene
250.10alpha- santalene
140.48beta- santalene
420.08alpha- selinene
301.90  terpinen-4-ol
100.22gamma- terpinene
195.00alpha- terpineol
170.10delta- terpineol
120.09  terpinolene
10.09alpha- thujene

B. M. Lawrence, J. W. Hogg and S. J. Terhune, Essential Oils and Their Constituents. Part II. The Oil of Alpinia officinarum Hance. Perfum. Essent, Oil Rec., 60, 89-96 (1969).

P&F 11, No. 1, 29, (1986)

amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.20  camphene
100.40  camphor
712.701,8- cineole
61.50para- cymene
160.30  dihydrocarvone
910.50  fenchone
40.30  myrcene
1312.70  myrtenal
1516.10  myrtenol
170.30  perillaldehyde
181.70  perillyl alcohol
50.40alpha- phellandrene
13.20alpha- pinene
315.90beta- pinene
1110.90trans- pinocarveol
120.70  terpinen-4-ol
80.20gamma- terpinene
143.00alpha- terpineol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 86, (2001)
anethum graveolens herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
1614.50  carvone
19tracealpha- cubebene
814.38para- cymene
150.99(E)- dihydrocarvone
120.29(Z)- dihydrocarvone
1114.85  dill ether
210.31  dillapiole
100.18alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
20trace  elemicin
140.343,9-epoxy-para-cymene
611.92  limonene
41.56  myrcene
220.20  myristicin
524.88alpha- phellandrene
78.21beta- phellandrene
33.17alpha- pinene
170.40iso piperitenone
130.50  sabinol
90.34alpha- terpinene
21.06alpha- thujene
180.16  thymol
1trace  toluene

J. A. Pino, E. Roncal, A. Rosado and I. Goire, Herb oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) grown in Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 219-220 (1995).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

anethum graveolens herb oil reunion
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.10  bornyl acetate
350.08gamma- cadinene
5trace  camphene
230.10  camphor
10tracedelta-3- carene
290.40  carvone
300.10  carvotan acetone
123.80para- cymene
26trace(Z)- dihydrocarvone
340.10 dihydrolimonen-10-ol
2420.80  dill ether
360.20  docosene
330.10  eugenol
1310.90  limonene
19trace  linalool
220.10(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
210.10(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
80.60  myrcene
180.10  nonanal
15trace(E)-beta- ocimene
14trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
2trace  octane
956.50alpha- phellandrene
41.70alpha- pinene
7tracebeta- pinene
250.10(E)- piperitol
280.10(Z)- piperitol
60.10  sabinene
11tracealpha- terpinene
16tracegamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
170.20  terpinolene
30.30alpha- thujene
32trace  thymol
10.20  toluene
20trace  undecane

R. R. Vera and J. Chane-Ming, Chemical composition of essential oil of dill (Anethum graveolens L.) growing in Reunion Island. J. Essent. Oil Res., 10, 539-542 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

angelica archangelica root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
500.03gamma-atlantone
350.19  borneol
271.78  bornyl acetate
80.48iso butyl benzene
400.07delta- cadinene
620.06alpha- cadinol
610.04T- cadinol
51.88  camphene
90.20delta-2- carene
1016.24delta-3- carene
420.21  carvyl acetate
480.04  caryophyllene oxide
54tracealpha- copaen-11-ol
560.24alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.57alpha- copaene
280.16beta- copaene
520.04  copaenol
430.03  cuparene
640.85  cyclopentadecanolide
460.23meta- cymen-8-ol
450.65para- cymen-8-ol
196.39para- cymene
360.42delta- elemene
440.06gamma- elemene
630.05  elemol
330.41  eucarvone
600.49beta- eudesmol
40.05alpha- fenchene
370.64  germacrene D
650.37  heptadecanolide
320.54alpha- humulene
510.39  humulene oxide
490.09  humulenol
146.56  limonene
250.14  linalool
230.07  longicyclene
300.09(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
260.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
201.57para-mentha-2,8-diene
220.08  menthone
55trace methyl tridecanolide
380.10alpha- muurolene
580.08alpha- muurolol
590.03T- muurolol
125.28  myrcene
18trace(E)-beta- ocimene
160.05(Z)-beta- ocimene
470.10  perillyl alcohol
112.02alpha- phellandrene
151.26beta- phellandrene
232.19alpha- pinene
61.54beta- pinene
390.28(E)- piperitol
70.46  sabinene
410.15  sabinyl acetate
570.14  spathulenol
290.08  terpinen-4-ol
130.26alpha- terpinene
173.07gamma- terpinene
340.40alpha- terpineol
210.87  terpinolene
30.13alpha- thujene
10.04  tricyclene
530.56 tridecanolide
310.39  verbenyl acetate

J. C. Chalchat and R. P. Garry, Essential oil of Angelica roots (Angelica archangelica L.). Optimization of distillation, location in plant and chemical composition. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 311-319 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

angelica archangelica seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.30ortho-allyl methyl phenol
140.30  bornyl acetate
30.30  camphene
152.30alpha- copaene
81.10para- cymene
161.30alpha- humulene
180.50alpha- muurolene
170.90gamma- muurolene
62.10  myrcene
100.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
10.302- penten-1-ol
72.00alpha- phellandrene
961.00beta- phellandrene
25.20alpha- pinene
50.50beta- pinene
40.60  sabinene
120.30  sabinol
190.70  spathulenol
111.204,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one

S. Bourrel, G. Vilarem, G. Michel and A. Gaset, Etude des proprietes bacteriostatiques et fongistatiques en milieu solide de 24 huiles essentielles preamblement analysees. Rivista Ital., EPPOS, No. 16, 3-12 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

angelica archangelica seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
340.60  bicyclogermacrene
35tracebeta- bisabolene
151.80  bornyl acetate
360.30gamma- cadinene
3trace  camphene
61.70delta-3- carene
280.50beta- caryophyllene
292.00iso caryophyllene
26tracebeta- cedrene
460.50  cedrol
16trace  chrysanthenyl acetate
172.30  chrysanthenyl acetate
390.40alpha- copaen-11-ol
401.10alpha- copaen-8-ol
240.20alpha- copaene
23tracealpha- cubebene
210.40  cumin alcohol
38trace  cuparene
22tracepara- cymen-8-ol
130.80para- cymene
490.70(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
441.30  dihydroeudesmol
500.60(E,E)-2,4- dodecadien-1-al
27tracebeta- elemene
251.30gamma- elemene
413.60  elemol
451.50beta- eudesmol
310.30(Z)-beta- farnesene
321.70  germacrene D
601.60  heptadecanyl acetate
590.60  hexadecanol
470.70  hexanal
91.70  limonene
561.1012-methyl-13-tridecanolide
33tracegamma- muurolene
81.20  myrcene
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
610.90  octadecanol
540.90  pentadecanol
587.7015- pentadecanolide
191.40  phellandral
70.50alpha- phellandrene
1016.70beta- phellandrene
211.80alpha- pinene
40.90beta- pinene
430.60  rosifoliol
59.10  sabinene
303.50beta- selinene
420.30  spathulenol
110.20gamma- terpinene
14trace  terpinolene
510.40  tetradecanal
532.60  tetradecanol
570.50  tetradecanyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
200.20(Z)- thujenol
370.60  thujopsene
520.50  tridecanal
550.4013-tridecanolide
180.304,4,6- trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
48trace5- undecen-3-yne

K. M. Kerrola and H. P. Kallio, Extraction of volatile compounds of Angelica (Angelica archangelica L.) root by liquid carbon dioxide. J. Agric. Food Chem., 42, 2234-2245 (1994).

P&F 21, No. 5, 57, (1996)

apium graveolens leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
226.20  butyl phthalide
210.90  butylidene phthalide
3trace  camphene
110.50para- cymene
243.203a,4-dehydroisobutylidene phthalide
171.40beta-elemene + caryophyllene
18tracealpha- humulene
230.20  ligustilide
826.30  limonene
10.103- methyl-4-ethyl hexane
633.60  myrcene
914.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.30allo- ocimene
15trace  pentyl benzene
131.00 pentyl cyclohexadiene
20.20alpha- pinene
40.10beta- pinene
5trace  sabinene
203.70beta- selinene
160.10  terpinen-4-ol
7tracealpha- terpinene
102.20gamma-terpinene + (E)-beta-ocimene
190.30alpha- terpineol
120.20  terpinolene

D. Fehr, Untersuchung uber Aromastoffe von Sellerie (Apium graoeolens L.). Pharmazie, 36, 374-376 (1979).

P&F 10, No. 5, 93, (1985)

apium graveolens seed oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
225.49  butyl phthalide
100.03trans- carveol
110.02cis- carveol
120.02  carvone
140.03cis- carvyl acetate
170.21beta- caryophyllene
210.21  caryophyllene oxide
80.02  dihydrocarvone
270.07 diterpene hc
160.04beta- elemene
180.03alpha- humulene
314.88  limonene
60.01  limonene oxide
50.02  linalool
291.04  linoleic acid
90.01para- mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol
20.97  myrcene
70.33  naphthalene
40.02  ocimene
302.38 octadecenoic acid
280.65  palmitic acid
150.02  phenyl pentanone
10.19beta- pinene
130.02(E)- sabinyl acetate
2628.84  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
201.82alpha- selinene
1917.59beta- selinene
2522.39  sendanenolide (butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide)
310.07  stearic acid
230.08 unknown phthalate 1
240.03 unknown phthalate 2

P-J, Fan, Z-D. Guo, J-C. Zhang, J-Q. Zheng and L-M. Liu, A study of the composition of supercritical CO2 fluid extract of celery seed. Tianran Chanwa Yanjiu Yu Kaifa, 7(2), 89-93 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

apium graveolens seed oil india
#%LeftshiftComponents
232.68  butyl phthalide
110.13trans- carveol
120.06cis- carveol
130.06  carvone
150.07cis- carvyl acetate
180.27beta- caryophyllene
220.25  caryophyllene oxide
90.07  dihydrocarvone
170.07beta- elemene
190.05alpha- humulene
451.95  limonene
70.08  limonene oxide
60.06  linalool
100.06para- mentha-6,8-dien-2-ol
34.38  myrcene
80.79  naphthalene
50.07  ocimene
160.12  phenyl pentanone
10.05alpha- pinene
21.16beta- pinene
140.09(E)- sabinyl acetate
272.50  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
212.17alpha- selinene
2020.76beta- selinene
269.89  sendanenolide (butyl-4,5-dihydrophthalide)
240.06 unknown phthalate 1
250.07 unknown phthalate 2

P-J. Fan, Z-D. Guo, J-C. Zhang, J-Q. Zheng and L-M. Liu, A study of the composition of supercritical CO2 fluid extract of celery seed. Tianran Chanwa Yanjiu Yu Kaifa, 7(2), 89-93 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 4, 37, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
2623.02  bornyl acetate
390.17alpha- cadinol
42.02  camphene
320.10cis- carvyl acetate
330.66beta- caryophyllene
380.67  caryophyllene oxide
400.26  chamazulene
105.101,8- cineole
250.93  cuminaldehyde
91.55para- cymene
160.06alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
150.06  eucarvone
310.07  eugenol
360.26(E)-beta- farnesene
340.11(Z)-beta- farnesene
350.08alpha- humulene
182.00  linalool
300.14para- menth-1(7)-en-9-ol
240.50(Z)-para- menth-2-en-7-ol
280.24para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
71.08  myrcene
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
110.06(Z)-beta- ocimene
270.20  perillyl acetate
31.24alpha- pinene
60.69beta- pinene
54.61  sabinene
140.29(Z)- sabinene hydrate
200.59  safranal
218.15  terpinen-4-ol
81.55alpha- terpinene
132.08gamma- terpinene
224.80alpha- terpineol
170.75  terpinolene
290.09alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.58alpha- thujene
190.29beta- thujone
10.10  tricyclene
232.47  verbenone
370.41  viridiflorene

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of the essential oil of Artemista obsinthum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 87-89 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia absinthium herb oil italy
Mucciarelli et al. (1995) performed GC/MS analysis on oils obtained from a number of Artemisia species growing in northwest Italy. In this study, they determined that an oil of A. absinthum contained:
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  artemisyl alcohol
46trace  artemisyl ketone
31trace  ascaridole
55trace(E)-alpha- bergamotol
54tracealpha- bisabolol
58trace bisabolol oxide
36trace  borneol
42trace  bornyl acetate
56tracealpha- cadinol
4trace  camphene
47trace  camphenilone
210.4  camphor
590.3  carvacrol
39tracetrans- carveol
25trace  carvone
500.5beta- caryophyllene
570.4  caryophyllene oxide
41trace(E)- chrysanthenyl acetate
40trace(Z)- chrysanthenyl acetate
282.01,8- cineole
480.2alpha- copaene
52traceepi- cubenol
450.2  cuminaldehyde
121.0para- cymene
26trace  damascenone
27trace2,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
29trace(Z)- epoxyocimene
3tracealpha- fenchene
100.1  limonene
18trace  linalool
300.1  linalool oxide
7trace  myrcene
440.1  myrtenal
380.1  myrtenol
51trace(E)- nerolidol
37trace  nojiku alcohol
8tracealpha- phellandrene
10.3alpha- pinene
50.7beta- pinene
22traceiso pinocamphone
33trace  pinocarveol
230.2  pinocarvone
61.6  sabinene
140.2(E)- sabinene hydrate
431.6  sabinyl acetate
490.6gamma- selinene
530.1  spathulenol
321.3  terpinen-4-ol
90.3alpha- terpinene
110.6gamma- terpinene
35tracealpha- terpineol
130.1  terpinolene
160.4(Z)-thuj-2-en-4-ol
20.3alpha- thujene
1967.5alpha- thujone
2018.2beta- thujone
34trace(E)- verbenol
24trace  verbenone
15trace  yomogi alcohol

M. Mucciarelli, R. Caramiello, M. Maffei and F. Chialva, Essential oils from some Artemisia species growing spontaneously in Northwest Italy. Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 25-32 (1995).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

artemisia afra oil wild zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
22trace-0.30  artemisyl alcohol
166.30-14.90  artemisyl ketone
19trace-0.10  artemisyl acetate
330.20-0.50  bicyclogermacrene
310.60-3.40  borneol
260.30-1.50  bornyl acetate
350.50-0.80delta- cadinene
380.10-0.90  calamenene
40.30-3.90  camphene
238.50-27.10 camphor + alpha-copaene
270.50-2.30beta- caryophyllene
39trace-0.10  caryophyllene oxide
110.10-27.901,8- cineole
36trace-0.50  cuminaldehyde
140.30-2.00para- cymene
90.10-0.20  dihydro-1,8-cineole
30.20-1.00alpha- fenchene
42trace-0.40  intermedeol
100.10-0.50  limonene
290.20-0.30(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
250.20-0.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
40trace-0.10  methyl linolenate
41trace-0.50T- muurolol
70.10-1.10  myrcene
37trace-0.10  myrtenol
120.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
50.10-0.70beta- pinene
20.40-1.10alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
340.10-0.70(E)- piperitol
60.10-2.60  sabinene
241.80-4.40(E)- sabinene hydrate
210.20-0.50(Z)- sabinene hydrate
173.10-10.10  santolina alcohol
28trace-0.10  terpinen-4-ol
80.10-1.10alpha- terpinene
130.30-1.90gamma- terpinene
320.10-0.70alpha- terpineol
300.10-2.50delta- terpineol
150.10-0.50  terpinolene
181.00-2.90alpha- thujone
20tracebeta- thujone
10.10-0.20  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia afra oil zimbabwe
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.1  artemisyl ketone
252.8  borneol
220.5  bornyl acetate
280.2delta- cadinene
310.1  calamenene
48.0  camphene
1950.3 camphor + alpha-copaene
320.1cis- carveol
231.2beta- caryophyllene
330.1  caryophyllene oxide
1110.71,8- cineole
290.2  cuminaldehyde
350.1para- cymen-8-ol
140.8para- cymene
90.1  dihydro-1,8-cineole
31.4alpha- fenchene
340.1  germacrene D-4-ol
370.1  intermedeol
100.9  limonene
210.8(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
360.5T- muurolol
71.6  myrcene
300.3  myrtenol
12trace(E)-beta- ocimene
50.4beta- pinene
20.3alpha-pinene + alpha-thujene
271.8(E)- piperitol
60.2  sabinene
203.5(E)- sabinene hydrate
180.4(Z)- sabinene hydrate
80.3alpha- terpinene
130.7gamma- terpinene
260.4alpha- terpineol
240.7delta- terpineol
150.3  terpinolene
170.7alpha- thujone
1trace  tricyclene

L. S. Chagonda, C. Makanda and J. C. Chalchat, The essential oil of cultivated Artemisia afra Jacq. from Zimbabwe. Flav. Fragr. J., 14, 140-142 (1999).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

artemisia annua herb oil france
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.00-11.05  artemisyl alcohol
2111.91-55.02  artemisyl ketone
250.00-0.07  artemisyl acetate
140.00-0.152-oxabicyclo(2.2.2)oct-6-ene
490.16-1.28  bicyclogermacrene
450.00-0.16  borneol
40.00-0.29  bornylene
100.00-0.14  butyl isovalerate
510.00-1.05delta- cadinene
61.20-7.28  camphene
270.00-0.66alpha- campholenic aldehyde
291.58-11.52  camphor
590.10-1.10  carvacrol
361.63-10.87beta- caryophyllene
540.10-1.64  caryophyllene oxide
530.04-0.39iso caryophyllene oxide
570.00-trace  cedrol
165.07-11.651,8- cineole
280.00-1.33alpha- copaene
330.09-2.17beta- cubebene
19trace-1.23para- cymene
520.08-0.676,6- dimethyl(3.1.1)bicyclohept-2-en-2-methanol
500.00-0.41(E)-(3,3-dimethyl) cyclohexylidene acetaldehyde
50.00-0.17  ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
440.00-1.00(E)-beta- farnesene
430.00-1.10(Z)-beta- farnesene
471.99-18.54  germacrene D
482.24-14.73alpha- guaiene
310.00-trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
41trace-0.97alpha- himachalene
420.00-0.74alpha- humulene
150.09-0.57  limonene
90.00-trace3-methyl bicyclo(3.1.2)oct-2-ene
220.00-0.313- methyl-3-buten-1-yl isovalerate
120.00-3.34  myrcene
38trace-0.42  myrtenal
560.00-0.82  nootkatone
180.00-0.27(E)-beta- ocimene
110.00-tracealpha- phellandrene
24.20-15.66alpha- pinene
70.93-3.35beta- pinene
320.00-0.32  pinocamphone
400.35-1.81trans- pinocarveol
350.24-2.19  pinocarvone
80.43-2.80  sabinene
260.00-0.43(E)- sabinene hydrate
340.11-0.83(Z)- sabinene hydrate
23trace-0.22  santolina alcohol
550.00-0.49  spathulenol
370.13-0.38  terpinen-4-ol
130.00-0.18alpha- terpinene
170.07-0.34gamma- terpinene
460.00-0.65alpha- terpineol
200.00-0.33  terpinolene
390.00-2.163- thujen-2-ol
30.00-0.90alpha- thujene
580.00-0.83  thymol
10.01-0.35  tricyclene
240.06-0.64  yomogi alcohol

J. C. Chalchat, R. P. Garry and J. Lamy, Influence of harvest time on yield and compostion of Artemisia annua oil produced in France. J. Essent. Oil Res., 6, 261-268 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 2, 49, (1995)

artemisia annua herb oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.67  artemisyl alcohol
84.42  artemisyl ketone
190.63delta- cadinene
21.78  camphene
1123.75  camphor
176.29beta- caryophyllene
715.441,8- cineole
160.97alpha- cubebene
205.59beta- cubebene
64.08para- cymene
189.59beta- farnesene
151.01  geranyl acetate
102.93  limonene oxide
90.46  linalool
122.91para-mentha-1(7),8-2-ol
54.38  myrcene
10.74alpha- pinene
40.44beta- pinene
31.10  sabinene
142.27  terpinen-4-ol

N. X. Dung, P. A. Leclercq, D. H. Kiet and N. M. Tu, Chemical composition of Vietnamese Artemisia annua L. essential oil. Tap Chi Duoc Hoc, (2) 11-13 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
21trace  aromadendrene
2714.50  bicyclogermacrene
330.90 bisabolene endoperoxide
397.00alpha- bisabolol
421.70alpha-bisabolol oxide
220.10iso borneol
30tracedelta- cadinene
440.50alpha- cadinol
320.20  calamenene
2trace  camphene
18trace  camphor
430.90  carvacrol
340.30  caryophyllene oxide
371.00  cedrol
70.201,8- cineole
170.40alpha- copaene
310.20ar- curcumene
110.10para- cymene
285.00(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
241.50(E)-beta- farnesene
290.10  geranyl acetate
268.00  germacrene D
401.00  globulol
230.40beta- guaiene
140.20(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
251.40alpha- humulene
63.00  limonene
353.70  methyl eugenol
450.40T- muurolol
511.20  myrcene
200.40  myrtenal
360.80(E)- nerolidol
82.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
130.10allo- ocimene
105.40(E)-beta- ocimene
12.60alpha- pinene
319.00beta- pinene
40.30  sabinene
410.90  spathulenol
190.90  terpinen-4-ol
90.40gamma- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene
15tracealpha- thujone
16tracebeta- thujone
380.90  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
2trace  camphene
8trace1,8- cineole
11tracepara- cymene
21trace  elemicin
192.1  eugenol
17trace  geraniol
70.8  limonene
13trace  linalool
1586.4  methyl chavicol
180.8  methyl eugenol
20trace  methyl isoeugenol
50.1  myrcene
160.1  nerol
93.2(Z)-beta- ocimene
103.3(E)-beta-ocimene + gamma-terpinene
1tracealpha- pinene
3tracebeta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
14trace  terpinen-4-ol
6tracealpha- terpinene
12trace  terpinolene

E. Werker, E. Putievsky, U. Ravid, N. Dudai and I. Katzir, Glandular hairs, secretoy cavities and essential oils in leaves of tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus L.), J. Herbs, Spices Med. Plants, 2(3), 19-32 (1994).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
130.90  camphor
120.30  chrysanthenone
415.901,8- cineole
210.60  geranyl acetate
1537.20  lavandulol
199.50  lavandulyl acetate
1113.60  linalool
90.10  linalool oxide
50.20  myrcene
181.80  nerol
140.30  nerol oxide
202.80  neryl acetate
20.70alpha- pinene
40.20beta- pinene
162.90  terpinen-4-ol
80.90gamma- terpinene
61.76alpha-terpinene + para-cymene
172.10alpha- terpineol
100.10  terpinolene
10.20alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 3, 330, (2000)
artemisia variabilis flower oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.40  acenaphthalene
240.70  bicyclogermacrene
331.00alpha- bisabolol
26tracedelta- cadinene
370.90alpha- cadinol
2trace  camphene
16trace  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
27tracear- curcumene
300.101H-cyclobutano(de)naphthalene
120.40para- cymene
3977.301,2-dihydroacenaphthlene
280.501,4- dimethyl naphthalene
250.10  geranyl acetate
230.30  germacrene D
340.20  globulol
20tracebeta- guaiene
15trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl isovalerate
210.10alpha- humulene
400.102- hydroxy-4,6-dimethoxyacetophenone
71.00  limonene
17trace  linalool
29trace  methyl eugenol
50.20  myrcene
19trace  myrtenal
310.30(E)- nerolidol
95.50(Z)-beta- ocimene
14traceallo- ocimene
111.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.80alpha- pinene
33.60beta- pinene
40.10  sabinene
351.00  spathulenol
180.10  terpinen-4-ol
60.10alpha- terpinene
103.20gamma- terpinene
220.20alpha- terpineol
13trace  terpinolene
360.80  thymol
320.20  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 2, 91, (2001)
asarum canadense root oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20  aristolene
290.90  aristolone
150.40(E)-beta- bergamotene
410.10  borneol
91.50  bornyl acetate
240.20delta- cadinene
160.30  camphene
170.301,8- cineole
360.10  copaene
180.30para- cymene
81.70  elemicin
300.90(E)-iso elemicin
340.60  eugenol
230.20(E)-beta- farnesene
111.30  geraniol
53.90  geranyl acetate
200.30gamma- guaiene
370.10beta- gurjunene
101.40  junenol
280.90  limonene
214.90  linalool
44.00  linalyl acetate
390.10  methyl chavicol
141.80  methyl eugenol
190.30(E)- methyl isoeugenol
42trace  methyl thymol
400.10alpha- muurolene
71.70  myrcene
121.20  nerol
62.40  neryl acetate
140.40(E)-ocimene
320.60(Z)- ocimene
130.90alpha- pinene
270.90beta- pinene
250.10  sabinene
220.20  seychellene
330.60  terpinen-4-ol
260.10alpha- terpinene
310.80gamma- terpinene
35.90alpha- terpineol
350.40  terpinolene
380.10 vetiselinene

B. M. Lawrence, unpublished information.

P&F 11, No. 6, 39, (1986)

baccharis coridifolia oil argentina
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.20allo- aromadendrene
110.20(E)-alpha- bergamotene
173.30  bicyclogermacrene
180.40beta- bisabolene
190.90delta- cadinene
200.20alpha- calacorene
220.10beta- calacorene
910.80beta- caryophyllene
834.30iso caryophyllene
249.80  caryophyllene oxide
282.00  cedr-8(15)-en-9-alpha-ol
71.20beta- elemene
60.10delta- elemene
210.60  elemol
145.00  germacrene D
250.30  globulol
160.50(E)-beta- guaiene
100.20beta- gurjunene
120.40alpha- humulene
292.8014- hydroxy-9-epi-beta-caryophyllene
40.10  limonene
260.80epi-alpha- muurolol
30.10  myrcene
50.60(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.10beta- pinene
271.70  selin-11-en-4alpha-ol
158.20beta- selinene
234.20  spathulenol
10.10  tricyclene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 23, (2001)
baccharis dracunculifolia oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
100.20  acetophenone
26<0.01(E)-anethole + safrol
443.30  aromadendrene
491.10allo- aromadendrene
940.20(E,E)-isobicyclogermacra-1(10),4-dien-5-al + (Z)-3-hexenyl 3-phenyl propionate
573.10  bicyclogermacrene
530.20isobutyl 3-phenyl propionate + sec-butyl 3-phenyl propionate + 10,11-epoxycadina-4,9-diene
430.30  cabreuva oxide A
471.30  cabreuva oxide B
480.10  cabreuva oxide C
510.40  cabreuva oxide D
635.60delta- cadinene
611.30gamma- cadinene
881.60alpha- cadinol
861.30T-cadinol + T-muurolol
670.90alpha-calacorene + (Z)-dracunculifoliol + exo-1,5-epoxysavial-4(15)-ene
640.50(E)- calamenene
561.00(Z)- calamenene
60.10delta-3- carene
20<0.01trans- carveol
210.10cis-carveol + citronellol + nerol
416.20beta- caryophyllene
760.60  caryophyllene oxide
360.70alpha-copaene + methyl eugenol
870.30  cubenol
220.10 cuminaldehyde + carvone + neral + (Z)-4,8-dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
80.10para- cymene
350.20(E)-beta-damascenone + isopropyl 3-phenyl propionate
39<0.01beta- damascone
840.104(15)- dehydroglobulol
150.40(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
140.10(Z)-4,8- dimethyl nona-1,3,7-triene
250.10(E)-4,8- dimethyl nona-3,7-dien-2-one
420.402,2-dimethyl-6-vinyl chromene + gamma-elemene
381.60beta- elemene
320.40delta- elemene
791.805,11-epoxycadin-1(10)-ene + epi-junenol
550.3010,11- epoxycalamenene
620.201,6-epoxyeudesm-4(15)-ene
690.10endo-1,5-epoxysalvial-4(15)-ene
310.10  ethyl 3-phenyl propionate
370.20  ethyl decanoate
240.10 geranial + methyl 3-phenyl propionate + methyl citronellate
230.10  geraniol
340.10  geranyl acetate
900.30 germacra-4(15),5,10(14)-trien-1b-ol
543.60  germacrene D
720.2010-epi-globulol
801.40 globulol + (E)-dracunculifoliol + salvia-4(15)-en-1-one
28<0.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl tiglate
600.10iso humbertiol A + isohumbertiol C
650.30iso humbertiol B + isohumbertiol D
461.90alpha- humulene
830.10  humulene oxide II
930.20(E)-5-hydroxynerolidol
500.07(E)-beta- ionone
850.40  junenol
583.60  ledene
820.70  ledol
98.40  limonene
130.40  linalool
740.30  maaliol
680.204-epi-maaliol
16<0.01para- methyl acetophenone
770.402- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
780.403- methyl butyl 3-phenyl propionate
920.104-methyl-6-isopropyl-1-tetralone
590.90alpha- muurolene
522.10gamma- muurolene
51.00  myrcene
190.10 myrtenol + ethyl octanoate
7015.00(E)- nerolidol
330.20  neryl acetate
890.10 opposita-4(14),11(12)-dien-1b-ol
660.60  pacifigorgiol
730.60  palustrol
22.90alpha- pinene
45.90beta- pinene
400.70  propyl 3-phenyl propionate
30.10  sabinene
753.50  spathulenol
170.10 terpinen-4-ol + para-cymen-8-ol + safranal
70.10alpha- terpinene
110.10gamma- terpinene
180.60alpha-terpineol + myrtenal
120.20  terpinolene
29<0.01  theaspirane A
30<0.01 theaspirane B + methyl geranate
10.10alpha- thujene
910.60(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl dodeca-1,6,9-trien-3,11-diol
811.00 viridiflorol + beta-oplopenone
27<0.01 vitispirane A + vitispirane B
710.30 waitziacuminone

P. Weyerstahl, C. Christiansen and H. Mosandl, Constituents of Brazilian Vassoura oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 15-23 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
150.10allo- aromadendrene
160.30  bicyclogermacrene
140.10beta- caryophyllene
40.10exo-iso citral
50.30  citronellal
130.10beta- elemene
1248.50  geranial
72.30iso geranial
100.80  geraniol
170.10  germacrene B
30.50  linalool
10.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
20.40  myrcene
942.50  neral
61.20iso neral
80.20  nerol
110.20  piperitone
180.10  spathulenol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 735, (2000)
bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
600.162-0.437(E)-alpha- bergamotene
580.017-0.048(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
660.012-0.076  bicyclogermacrene
670.000-trace(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
700.000-0.010(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
690.212-0.648beta- bisabolene
760.007-0.030alpha- bisabolol
450.010-0.037  bornyl acetate
40.019-0.053  camphene
750.007-0.023  campherenol
300.001-0.012  camphor
110.001-0.009delta-3- carene
390.000-trace  carvone
590.154-0.524beta- caryophyllene
150.010-0.0221,8- cineole
310.005-0.030  citronellal
530.007-0.053  citronellyl acetate
130.010-0.893para- cymene
350.037-0.103  decanal
430.000-0.0092- decenal
570.009-0.053  decyl acetate
740.006-0.0242,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
560.002-0.055  dodecanal
340.000-0.006  dodecane
640.000-0.009  dodecanol
510.000-0.007delta- elemene
680.000-trace(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
620.033-0.089(Z)-beta- farnesene
440.199-0.494 geranial + perillaldehyde
420.000-0.010  geraniol
550.107-0.799  geranyl acetate
710.000-0.001  germacrene B
650.033-0.106  germacrene D
26trace-0.019  heptyl acetate
100.000-0.002  hexyl acetate
610.009-0.045alpha- humulene
460.000-0.009  indole
1425.385-53.187 limonene + beta-phellandrene
280.001-0.015(E)- limonene oxide
270.001-0.019(Z)- limonene oxide
241.745-22.681  linalool
230.000-trace(E)- linalool oxide
210.000-trace(Z)- linalool oxide
4115.616-41.363  linalyl acetate
500.013-0.066  linalyl propionate
490.002-0.015  methyl geranate
60.001-0.0096- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
70.635-1.575  myrcene
380.105-0.344  neral
370.010-0.111 nerol + citronellol
720.007-0.036(E)- nerolidol
540.126-0.670  neryl acetate
250.012-0.076  nonanal
480.004-0.053  nonyl acetate
770.010-0.095  nootkatone
170.104-0.361(E)-beta- ocimene
160.011-0.068(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.025-0.084  octanal
200.001-0.021  octanol
360.071-0.199  octyl acetate
90.016-0.056alpha- phellandrene
30.720-1.844alpha- pinene
54.814-12.802beta-pinene + sabinene
290.000-0.004iso pulegol
190.015-0.063(Z)- sabinene hydrate
400.048-0.127(E)- sabinene hydrate acetate
630.001-0.016(Z)-beta-santalene
320.008-0.042  terpinen-4-ol
120.081-0.282alpha- terpinene
185.266-11.151gamma- terpinene
330.030-0.126alpha- terpineol
220.210-0.476  terpinolene
520.071-0.263alpha- terpinyl acetate
730.000-0.010  tetradecanal
20.187-0.491alpha- thujene
10.001-0.005  tricyclene
470.004-0.024  undecanal

A. Verzera, G. Lamonica, L. Mondello, A. Trozzi and G. Dugo, The composition of bergamot oil. Perfum. Flavor., 21(6), 19-34 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

bergamot oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.36(E)-alpha- bergamotene
 trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
 0.6beta- bisabolene
 tracealpha- bisabolol
 tracebeta- bisabolol
 trace  camphorenone
 0.09  carvone
 0.2beta- caryophyllene
 0.02  citronellal
 0.02  citronellyl acetate
 trace  coumarin
 3.5para- cymene
 0.03  decyl acetate
 trace8,9-didehydronootkatone
 trace dihydrojasmone
 0.04beta- farnesene
 trace  farnesol
 0.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
 0.6  geraniol
 0.8  geranyl acetate
 0.02  germacrene D
 trace guaienol
 0.04alpha- humulene
 trace  indole
 trace(Z)- jasmone
 trace lanceal
 26.0(+)- limonene
 16.0  linalool
 34.0  linalyl acetate
 trace  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
 1.3  myrcene
 0.6 neral + geranial
 0.08  nerol
 0.02  nerolidol
 1.2  neryl acetate
 0.08  nonanal
 trace  nootkatone
 0.07  octanal
 0.02  octanol
 trace5- octen-2-one
 0.15  octyl acetate
 0.1beta- phellandrene
 2.2alpha- pinene
 10.0beta- pinene
 1.0  sabinene
 trace2-santalene hydrates
 tracebeta- sinensal
 trace  spathulenol
 0.06  terpinen-4-ol
 3.2alpha- terpinene
 11.0gamma- terpinene
 0.3alpha- terpineol
 1.0  terpinolene
bois de rose leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.62-0.79  benzyl benzoate
11trace  camphor
190.80-0.95  caryophyllene oxide
40.03-0.041,8- cineole
101.40-2.70  cyclosativene
7trace-0.03para- cymene
164.50-6.00  eremophilene
140.40-0.54  hotrienol
30.10-0.15  limonene
1273.00-78.00  linalool
91.00-1.54(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
81.20-1.80(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.04(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
170.13-0.25(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
20.06-0.10  myrcene
60.03-0.05(E)-beta- ocimene
5trace-0.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
1trace-0.03beta- pinene
150.10-0.50gamma- selinene
200.35-0.62  spathulenol
130.14-0.53  terpinen-4-ol

S. T. Ohashi, L. dos S. Rosa, J. A. Santana and C. L. Green, Brazilian rosewood oil: sustainable production and oil quality management. Perfum. Flav., 22(2), 1-5 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 1, 53, (1999)

boldea fragrans leaf oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3538.63  ascaridole
50.38  camphene
240.06  camphor
90.25delta-3- carene
390.01  carvacrol
400.08trans- carvyl acetate
100.921,4- cineole
1438.631,8- cineole
330.18  cuminaldehyde
129.51para- cymene
40.02alpha- fenchene
150.01  fenchone
320.06alpha- fenchyl acetate
200.40alpha- fenchyl alcohol
340.09  geraniol
10.062- heptanone
420.32  ledol
130.07  limonene
18trace  linalool
70.02  myrcene
28trace  myrtenal
300.36  myrtenol
310.07  nerol
19trace2- nonanol
160.102- nonanone
80.04alpha- phellandrene
30.02alpha- pinene
221.20trans- pinocarveol
290.78  sabinaketone
60.04  sabinene
384.28  sabinyl acetate
261.37  terpinen-4-ol
170.03  terpinen-4-yl acetate
110.04alpha- terpinene
270.25alpha- terpineol
250.13beta- terpineol
20.06alpha- thujene
21tracebeta- thujone
370.07  thymol
410.03  thymyl acetate
23trace(Z)- verbenol
360.14cis- verbenyl acetate

E. Miraldi, S. Ferri, G. G. Franchi and G. Giorgi, Peumus boldus essential oil: New constituents and comparison of oils from leaves of different origin. Fitoterapia, 67, 227-230 (1996).

P&F 23, No. 2, 47, (1998)

cajuput leaf oil vietnam
#%LeftshiftComponents
49trace  bulnesol
370.4  cadina-1,4-diene
35tracedelta- cadinene
34tracegamma- cadinene
47tracealpha- cadinol
44traceT- cadinol
38trace  calamenene
2trace  camphene
5tracedelta-3- carene
232.5beta- caryophyllene
410.3  caryophyllene oxide
1041.11,8- cineole
20tracealpha- copaene
270.5gamma- curcumene
156.8para- cymene
170.2para- cymenene
220.3beta- elemene
18tracedelta- elemene
25tracegamma- elemene
42trace  elemol
480.7beta- eudesmol
450.6gamma- eudesmol
310.3alpha- farnesene
390.4  geraniol
290.3beta- guaiene
431.2  guaiol
281.6alpha- humulene
94.1  limonene
213.6  linalool
40tracealpha- maaliene
46tracealpha- muurolol
60.1  myrcene
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.5alpha- phellandrene
110.2beta- phellandrene
36tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
13.2alpha- pinene
30.8beta- pinene
4trace  sabinene
331.5alpha- selinene
321.5beta- selinene
241.5  terpinen-4-ol
80.6alpha- terpinene
134.6gamma- terpinene
308.7alpha- terpineol
165.9  terpinolene
26trace  thujopsene
190.3alpha- ylangene

O. Motl, J. Hodacova and K. Ubik, Composition of Vietnamese cajuput essential oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 5, 39-42 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 1, 33, (2000)

camomile sauvage oil morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
132.30  artemisyl alcohol
282.50  bisabolene
191.00  borneol
202.20  bornyl acetate
261.30  bornyl butyrate
230.30iso bornyl propionate
300.80delta- cadinene
3340.50 cadinol
40.40  camphene
330.70  caryophylladienol
271.50beta- caryophyllene
320.80  caryophyllene oxide
90.501,8- cineole
240.30alpha- cubebene
160.302,7-dimethyl octa-3,6-dien-2-ol
220.70delta- elemene
295.00 germacrene
210.20  hexyl tiglate
100.80  limonene
150.30  linalool
71.00  myrcene
310.30  nerolidol
60.101- octen-3-ol
315.00alpha- pinene
173.00trans- pinocarveol
180.50  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
113.20  santolina alcohol
10.40  santolinatriene
250.30beta- selinene
120.10gamma- terpinene
140.25  terpinolene
20.04  tricyclene
82.40  yomogi alcohol

B. Toulemonde and D. Beauverd, Contribution a l’etude d’une camomille sauvage du Maroc: L’huile essentielle d’Ormenis mixta. Parfium, Cosmet. Aromes, 60, 65-67 (1984).

P&F 11, No. 2, 75, (1986)

cananga odorata flower oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
451.46alpha- amorphene
280.17(E)- anethole
620.02(Z)- asarone
40.59  benzaldehyde
186.15  benzyl acetate
120.04  benzyl alcohol
6411.97  benzyl benzoate
710.04  benzyl cinnamate
673.66  benzyl salicylate
520.02  bisabolene
590.61alpha- bisabolol
470.133- buten-2-yl benzoate
530.19delta- cadinene
540.01gamma- cadinene
423.96beta- caryophyllene
430.21alpha- cedrene
600.02  cedrol
92.731,8- cineole
300.02  cinnamic alcohol
260.21  cinnamic aldehyde
412.28  cinnamyl acetate
370.93alpha- copaene
140.53para- cresol
82.00para- cresyl methyl ether
400.60beta- cubebene
230.101,4- dimethoxybenzene
210.043,4- dimethoxytoluene
690.02  eicosane
380.02delta- elemene
550.02  elemol
190.02  ethyl benzoate
340.03  eugenol
440.54iso eugenol
5114.63(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
631.39(E,E)- farnesol
662.00  farnesyl acetate
351.00  geranyl acetate
4920.03  germacrene D
720.04  hexacosane
700.23  hexadecanoic acid
10.113- hexen-1-ol
70.013- hexen-1-yl acetate
570.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
460.99alpha- humulene
310.13  indole
110.04  limonene
1616.47  linalool
200.012- methoxy-4-methyl phenol
290.04  methyl 2-methoxybenzoate
330.02  methyl anthranilate
250.074- methyl benzaldoxime
152.42  methyl benzoate
480.14  methyl eugenol
220.04  methyl salicylate
20.182- methyl-3-butenol
560.03alpha- muurolene
500.02gamma- muurolene
610.06alpha- muurolol
60.05  myrcene
580.02  nerolidol
130.02(E)-beta- ocimene
240.162- phenethyl acetate
680.022- phenethyl benzoate
100.03  phenyl acetaldehyde
270.102- phenyl-1-nitroethane
30.19alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
320.024-(2- propenyl) phenol
650.01  tetradecanal
390.53  tetradecane
360.02alpha- ylangene

E. E. Stashenko, W. Torres and J. R. Martinez Morales, A study of the compositional variation of the essential oil of ylang ylang (Cananga odorata Hook. fil. et Thomson, forma genuina) during flower development. J. High Resol. Chromatogr., 18, 101-104 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.2beta- caryophyllene
90.71,8- cineole
17tracealpha- humulene
80.9  limonene
180.2gamma- muurolene
524.7  myrcene
110.3(E)-beta- ocimene
102.0(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.2alpha- phellandrene
211.1alpha- pinene
43.4beta- pinene
334.3  sabinene
148.0  terpinen-4-ol
73.7alpha- terpinene
125.6gamma- terpinene
15tracealpha- terpineol
130.8  terpinolene
12.8alpha- thujene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.4alpha- amorphene
250.6  bicyclogermacrene
273.0delta- cadinene
260.8gamma- cadinene
300.8alpha- cadinol
290.9T- cadinol
2026.3beta- caryophyllene
280.6  caryophyllene oxide
9trace1,8- cineole
172.9alpha- copaene
180.7beta- cubebene
191.4beta- elemene
151.1delta- elemene
2311.7  germacrene D
410.2  hexanol
12.0(E)-2- hexenal
30.2(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
23.1(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
226.3alpha- humulene
80.4  limonene
121.9  linalool
241.1alpha- muurolene
70.6  myrcene
10trace(E)-beta- ocimene
514.0alpha- pinene
64.5beta- pinene
13trace  terpinen-4-ol
140.3alpha- terpineol
11trace  terpinolene
160.3alpha- ylangene

F. Fekam Boyom, P. H. Amvam Zollo, C. Menut, G. Lamaty and J. M. Bessière, Aromatic plants of tropical Central Africa. Part XXVII. Comparative study of the volatile constituents of five Annonaceae species growing in Cameroon. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 333-338 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 4, 31, (1999)

cananga odorata oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
 10.84  benzyl acetate
 0.35  benzyl alcohol
 3.82  benzyl benzoate
 0.03  benzyl salicylate
 6.66delta-cadinene + nerol
 35.18beta-caryophyllene + methyl benzoate
 0.03  cinnamic alcohol
 1.21meta-cresol + para-cresol + cinnamaldehyde
 8.94para-cresyl acetate + meta-cresyl acetate
 2.14para- cresyl methyl ether
 1.29  eugenol
 1.24  farnesol
 0.44  farnesyl acetate
 1.58  geraniol
 9.74alpha- humulene
 1.84  linalool
 1.55  methyl anthranilate
 0.43  methyl eugenol
 0.17  myrcene
 0.15  nerolidol
 0.06alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.03alpha- terpinene
 0.07gamma- terpinene
 7.76alpha-terpineol + unknown
carrot seed oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.08(E)- anethole
210.73(E)-alpha- bergamotene
201.08(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
380.23beta- bisabolene
430.21alpha- bisabolol
420.273- butyl phthalide
20.44  camphene
395.68  carotol
350.23  carvomenthone
153.56beta- caryophyllene
371.09  caryophyllene oxide
400.29 cedrene oxide
140.17alpha- copaene
100.41para- cymene
130.39  daucene
410.14  daucol
180.42alpha- farnesene
230.60beta- farnesene
310.89  geranial
3234.17  geranyl acetate
301.13alpha- humulene
70.48  limonene
120.11  linalool
191.24  longifolene
250.18para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-ol
51.87  myrcene
290.53  neral
331.01  nerol
81.92(E)-alpha- ocimene
19.09alpha- pinene
34.49beta- pinene
49.44  sabinene
340.14  sabinene hydrate
170.40alpha- santalene
220.67beta- santalene
440.13  sedanenolide
450.40  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
280.44alpha- selinene
270.23beta- selinene
160.31  terpinen-4-ol
60.96alpha- terpinene
90.36gamma- terpinene
241.65alpha- terpineol
110.28  terpinolene
262.34  verbenol

F. Perineau, L. Ganou and A. Gaset, Etude de la production d’huile essentielle de fruit de carotte. Ind. Aliment. Agric., 108, 357-366 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 3, 61, (1992)

carum carvi fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
20trace-0.05delta-3-carene epoxide
240.01-1.15trans- carveol
250.00-0.40cis- carveol
1852.30-54.40  carvone
300.00-0.15 carvone epoxide
270.00-0.05  caryophyllene oxide
6trace1,8- cineole
22trace  citronellol
7trace-0.01para- cymene
130.05-0.10(E)- dihydrocarvone
140.05-0.10(Z)- dihydrocarvone
230.05-0.254-hydroxy-para-menth-1-en-6-one
17trace-0.10  limonen-4-ol
536.90-44.60  limonene
110.25(E)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
100.05-0.30(Z)-1,2,8,9-limonene diepoxide
90.05-1.00(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
80.05-1.50(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
120.05  linalool
290.00-0.20para- menth-1-en-8,9-diol
280.00-0.15para- menth-8-en-1,2-diol 2 isomers
190.01-0.15para-menth-8-en-7-al
2tracecis-para- menth-8-ene
260.00-0.05para-mentha-1(7),8-dien-6-ol
150.05-0.60para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
160.05-0.55para-mentha-2,8-dien-6-ol
40.05-0.30  myrcene
210.10  perillyl alcohol
10.05alpha- pinene
30.05  sabinene

J. C. Chalchat, R. Ph. Garry, A. Michet and M. Gorunovic, Huiles essentielles Carum carvide Yougoslavie. Rivisita Ital. EPPOS, (Special Issue), 466-470 (1991).

carum graveolens seed oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
110.61  anethole
180.12alpha- bisabolene
190.123- butyl hexahydrophthalide
200.38  butyl phthalide
100.40  carvone
131.54beta- caryophyllene
150.18beta- farnesene
140.13alpha- humulene
458.53  limonene
60.10  linalool
90.48para- methoxyacetophenone
33.12  myrcene
73.27 pentyl cyclohexadiene
50.10alpha- phellandrene
10.14alpha- pinene
21.29beta- pinene
2117.28  sedanolide (3-butyl-3a,4,5,6-tetrahydrophthalide)
171.37alpha- selinene
168.10beta- selinene
80.28alpha- terpineol
120.15  umbellulone

A. F. Halim, M. M. Mashaly, O. salama, A. F. Ali and P. Sandra, Analysis of celery fruit oil and investigation on the effect of storage, Egypt. J. Pharm. Sci., 31, 107-113 (1990).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

carum petroselinum herb oil
This same year, a sample of Egyptian parsley herb oil was subjected to analysis by CC and CC/MS (El-Nikeety et al. 1998). This oil was found to contain:
#%LeftshiftComponents
210.20 apiole
170.21beta- bisabolene
20.06  camphene
150.05beta- caryophyllene
130.82para- cymene
145.35alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
190.15  elemicin
160.53alpha- humulene
65.36  limonene
106.20para- mentha-1,3,8-triene
220.404- methyl pyridine amine
1123.75  myrcene
208.79  myristicin
51.46alpha- phellandrene
719.47beta- phellandrene
16.94alpha- pinene
34.57beta- pinene
40.63  sabinene
80.17alpha- terpinene
180.13alpha- terpineol
92.78  terpinolene
120.065- undec-5-yne

M. M. A. El-Nikeety, A. T. M. El-Alek, M. M. I. A. El-Hady and A. Z. M. Badei, Changes in physical properties and chemical constituents of parsley herb volatile oil during storage, Egypt. J. Food Sci., 26-28 (1998).

P&F 26, No. 2, 22, (2001)

cassia leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.54  benzaldehyde
 1.82  benzyl benzoate
 1.58  camphene
 2.60  camphor
 2.90delta-3- carene
 6.24beta- caryophyllene
 46.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
 2.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
 1.40alpha- copaene
 4.18para- cymene
 3.63  eugenol
 0.30  eugenyl acetate
 0.85alpha- humulene
 2.98  linalool
 0.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
 0.07  myrcene
 9.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
 3.47alpha- pinene
 1.02beta- pinene
 0.07alpha- terpineol

L.-F. Zhu, Y.-H. Li, B.-L. Li, B.-Y. Lu and N.-H. Xia, Aromatic Plants and Essential Constituents. South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish. Co. distributed by Peace Book Co. Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 19, No. 4, 33, (1994)

chenopodium ambrosioides oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
154.1 aristolenol
20.2  camphene
174.2  carvacrol
122.0para- cymen-8-ol
618.0para- cymene
114.0 dihydropinocarvone
76.0  limonene
90.6  linalool
142.8  methyl thymol
50.7  myrcene
110.0alpha- pinene
40.3beta- pinene
103.9  pinocarveol
30.2  sabinene
80.1gamma- terpinene
131.9alpha- terpineol
162.0  thymol
chenopodium ambrosioides oil spain
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.04  allyl levulinate
 0.02allo- aromadendrene
 0.22iso borneol
 0.20iso bornyl acetate
 0.02nor bornyl acetate
 0.06iso bornyl propionate
 0.08delta- cadinene
 0.84  camphor
 2.28trans- carveol
 4.91cis- carveol
 2.07  carvone
 0.16  carvone oxide
 2.09beta- caryophyllene
 0.04beta- copaene
 0.03para- cymene
 0.71  dihydrocarveol
 5.00  geranial
 0.04  geranic acid
 4.30  geraniol
 0.24alpha- guaiene
 0.02  lavandulyl acetate
 32.50  limonene
 0.07  linalool
 0.21(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
 4.00(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
 1.64  menthol
 0.03 methyl undecanal
 0.03  myrcene
 0.41  nerol
 0.01  neryl acetate
 0.02  neryl formate
 0.15  perillyl alcohol
 0.01alpha- phellandrene
 0.09alpha- pinene
 0.06beta- pinene
 26.70trans- pinocarveol
 3.54iso pulegol
 0.08iso pulegyl acetate
 0.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.83alpha- terpinene
 0.03gamma- terpinene
 0.26alpha- thujene
 0.14  undecanal
 1.21(E)- verbenol
chenopodium ambrosioldes var. anthelminthicum oil america
#%LeftshiftComponents
211.98  ascaridole
50.14  camphene
80.03delta-3- carene
230.04  carvacrol
191.06trans- carveol
200.25cis- carveol
182.28  carvone
158.09para- cymene
170.09(E)- dihydrocarvone
10.01  dimethyl sulfide
40.02alpha- fenchene
1242.32  limonene
160.09(E)- limonene oxide
90.01  myrcene
100.01alpha- phellandrene
130.09beta- phellandrene
30.82alpha- pinene
60.18beta- pinene
70.01  sabinene
1117.54alpha- terpinene
140.58gamma- terpinene
220.02  thymol
20.22  tricyclene

A. O. Tucker and M. J. Maciarello, Some toxic culinary herbs in North America. In: Food Flavors, Formation, Analysis and Packaging Influences. Edits., E. T. Contis, C-T. Ho, C. J. Mussinan, T. H. Parliament, F. Shahidi and A. M. Spanier, 401-414, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1998).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

cinnamomum angustifolium rafin. oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
273.00  bicyclogermacrene
290.30delta- cadinene
40.10  camphene
180.10  camphor
71.80delta-3- carene
390.10  carvacrol
206.20beta- caryophyllene
331.00  caryophyllene oxide
129.701,8- cineole
340.20(E)- cinnamaldehyde
280.90(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
380.40(E)- cinnamyl acetate
320.30para- cymen-8-ol
1617.60para- cymene
30.30alpha- fenchene
300.30  geranyl acetate
261.80  germacrene D
360.40  guaiol
220.20alpha- humulene
111.80  limonene
193.30  linalool
310.20para- mentha-1(7),5-dien-2-ol
92.60  myrcene
350.40(E)- nerolidol
151.10(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
823.40alpha- phellandrene
14.80alpha- pinene
51.20beta- pinene
61.00  sabinene
230.20  salicylaldehyde
371.40  spathulenol
210.70  terpinen-4-ol
100.30alpha- terpinene
140.50gamma- terpinene
252.10alpha- terpineol
170.30  terpinolene
21.90alpha- thujene
240.40  viridiflorene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum camphora cineoliferum leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
 11.40%  sabinene
 7.94%  methyl chavicol
 5.55%alpha- pinene
 5.26%  linalool
 5.00%  methyl eugenol
 4.76%  germacrene D
 4.00%  terpinen-4-ol
 3.54%(E)- caryophyllene
 3.52%delta-3- carene
 3.43%  myrcene
 2.98%alpha- terpinene
 2.91%beta- pinene
 2.15%gamma- terpinene
 1.99%alpha- phellandrene
 1.33%  camphene
 1.30%(Z)-beta- ocimene
 1.13%alpha- thujene
 1.08%1,8- cineole
 0.97%para- cymene
 0.79%alpha- humulene
 0.69%alpha- copaene
 0.63%beta- elemene
 0.60%delta- cadinene
 0.56%  terpinolene
 0.55%delta- elemene
 0.47%alpha- cubebene
 0.38%alpha- terpineol
 0.37%alpha- guaiene
 0.36%  bornyl acetate
 0.34%  elemol
 0.23%  elemicin
 0.22%gamma- muurolene
 0.21%  borneol
 0.20%  bicyclogermacrene
 0.19%gamma- cadinene
 0.19%(E)-beta- ocimene
 0.16%beta- cubebene
 0.12%  eugenol
 0.11%alpha- muurolene
 0.10%delta- amorphene
 0.10%alpha- eudesmol
 0.10%cis-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.09%ortho- cymene
 0.09%beta- selinene
 0.08%beta- bourbonene
 0.08%trans-cadina-1,4-diene
 0.08%trans-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
 0.08%(Z)- sabinene hydrate
 0.08%(E)- sabinene hydrate
 0.07%  caryophyllene oxide
 0.07%beta- copaene
 0.07%trans- germacrene D
 0.07%cis- muurola-3,5-diene
 0.06%trans- cadina-1(6),4-diene
 0.06%gamma- eudesmol
 0.05%beta- eudesmol
 0.05%  guaiol
Halpern, Georges M., Weverka, Peter The Healing Trail: Essential Oils of Madagascar, Basic Health Publications Inc., Laguna Beach CA, 2003, pp. 54.
cinnamomum cassia bark oil china
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d’huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d’hydrodistillation & plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace(E)-alpha- bergamotene
270.20beta- bisabolene
281.60delta- cadinene
290.70  calamenene
30.10  camphene
1912.70beta- caryophyllene
301.20  caryophyllene oxide
1028.101,8- cineole
150.40alpha- copaene
32traceepi- cubebol
132.40para- cymene
18tracebeta- elemene
23trace(E)-beta- farnesene
225.20(Z)-beta- farnesene
251.30  germacrene D
210.90alpha- humulene
96.30  limonene
162.20  linalool
260.20alpha- muurolene
330.10epi-alpha- muurolol
72.40  myrcene
310.70(E)- nerolidol
120.20(E)-beta- ocimene
60.20alpha- phellandrene
18.00alpha- pinene
49.70beta- pinene
55.60  sabinene
201.40  terpinen-4-ol
81.20alpha- terpinene
112.20gamma- terpinene
241.00alpha- terpineol
140.60  terpinolene
21.00alpha- thujene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 5, 537, (2000)
cinnamomum tamala oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.20  benzaldehyde
20.10  camphene
110.70  caryophyllene
60.901,8- cineole
73.20para- cymene
1578.00  eugenol
141.20  eugenyl acetate
120.10  geraniol
50.70  limonene
80.20  linalool
130.50  methyl eugenol
40.30  myrcene
11.50alpha- pinene
30.40beta- pinene
100.30alpha- terpineol

B. C. Gulati, Essential oils of cinnamomum species in Cultivation and Utilization of Aromatic Plants. Edit. C. K. Atal and B. M. Kapur, R. R. L., Council of Scientific & Indust. Research (1982).

P&F 8, No. 4, 65, (1983)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
20.02-0.03  benzaldehyde
230.78-1.63  benzyl benzoate
40.02-0.10  camphene
100.71-2.221,8- cineole
1777.24-81.47  cinnamaldehyde
215.27-6.58 cinnamyl acetate + beta-caryophyllene
90.36-0.78para- cymene
201.82-2.31  eugenol
221.51-2.02  eugenyl acetate
180.00-0.12  geraniol
110.17-0.42  limonene
140.84-1.61  linalool
70.00-0.02  myrcene
30.06-0.21alpha- pinene
60.03-0.11beta- pinene
50.02-0.03  sabinene
190.00-0.02  safrole
80.04-0.23  salicylaldehyde
150.14-0.19  terpinen-4-ol
120.01-0.03gamma- terpinene
160.19-0.35alpha- terpineol
130.01-0.04  terpinolene
10.01-0.08alpha- thujene

F. Tateo and F. Chizzini, The Composition and Quality of Supercntical CO2 Extracted Cinnamon. J. Essent. Oil Res., 1, 165-168 ( 1989).

P&F 19, No. 3, 59, (1994)

cinnamomum zeylanicum bark oil sri lauka
Using GC (retention indices) Bouzid et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of cinnamon bark. The compounds identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
11trace-0.05  benzaldehyde
250.40-1.00  benzyl benzoate
20.04-0.05  camphene
40.01-0.02delta-3- carene
19trace-0.12  caryophyllene
131.00-2.00beta- caryophyllene
2072.00-82.15(E)- cinnamaldehyde
170.12-0.98(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
213.24-3.65(E)- cinnamyl acetate
230.50-0.60(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
100.04-0.05alpha- copaene
90.25-0.35para- cymene
221.07-13.30  eugenol
140.20-0.62alpha- humulene
70.09-0.10  limonene
120.70-1.06  linalool
50.06para-menthene
180.09-0.15ortho- methoxybenzaldehyde
240.30-0.80ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
60.07-0.08  myrcene
80.40-0.64beta- phellandrene
160.10-0.70  phenyl propionaldehyde
10.04-0.07alpha- pinene
30.02-0.03beta- pinene
150.35-0.62alpha-terpineol + borneol
cinnamomum zeylanicum fruit oil india
In 1997, Jayaprakasha et al. analyzed two oils of the fruit of C. zeylanicum by GC and GC/MS. Although the oils were produced from fruit harvested in two different locations in India, Karnataka and Kerala, the oil compositions were similar as can be seen from the following analytical results:
#%LeftshiftComponents
322.7-2.8  benzyl benzoate
80.3-0.4  borneol
212.3-3.0delta- cadinene
201.2-1.6gamma- cadinene
311.0-1.5alpha- cadinol
302.7-3.4T- cadinol
159.2-13.7beta- caryophyllene
240.9-1.1  caryophyllene oxide
100.6-4.3(E)- cinnamaldehyde
70.2-0.3(Z)- cinnamaldehyde
1642.4-54.2(E)- cinnamyl acetate
112.0-2.2(E)- cinnamyl alcohol
141.8-3.1alpha- copaene
290.5-0.8  cubenol
270.4-0.510-epi-gamma- eudesmol
120.2-0.3  eugenol
191.7-2.0  germacrene B
180.7-0.8  germacrene D
260.3  germacrene D-4-ol
250.5-0.6  globulol
220.4beta- guaiene
172.8-3.1alpha- humulene
340.0-0.3  methyl oleate
330.0-0.3  methyl palmitate
280.3alpha- muurolol
30.0-0.2  myrcene
230.2-0.4  nerolidol
60.2-0.5(E)-beta- ocimene
40.1-0.7alpha- phellandrene
50.4-1.6beta- phellandrene
132.9-4.33- phenyl propyl acetate
10.1-1.6alpha- pinene
20.1-0.6beta- pinene
90.3alpha- terpineol

G. K. Jayaprakasha, L. Jaganmohan Rao and K. K. Sakariah, Chemical composition of the folatile oil from the fruits of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume. Flav. Fragr. J., 12, 331-333 (1997)

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

cinnamon bark oil ceylon
Using GC (retention indices) Bouzid et al. (1997) analyzed an oil of cinnamon bark. The compounds identified were as follows:
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.54  benzaldehyde
201.82  benzyl benzoate
31.58  camphene
102.60  camphor
62.90delta-3- carene
166.24beta- caryophyllene
1246.52(E)- cinnamaldehyde
152.64(E)- cinnamyl acetate
141.40alpha- copaene
74.18para- cymene
133.63  eugenol
180.30  eugenyl acetate
170.85alpha- humulene
92.98  linalool
190.79ortho- methoxycinnamaldehyde
40.07  myrcene
89.16beta-phellandrene + limonene
23.47alpha- pinene
51.02beta- pinene
110.07alpha- terpineol

N. Bouzid, K. Toulgouate, G. Villarem and A. Gaset, Analyse quantitative des fractions d'huile essentielle pouvant co-exister lors d'hydrodistillation de plants aromatiques. Rivista Ital. EPPOS, (April), 15-25 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 1, 39, (1998)

citronella oil ceylon
#%LeftshiftComponents
520.55T-amorphol + bulnesol
235.23  borneol
290.42  bornyl acetate
370.18beta- bourbonene
480.09delta- cadinene
461.02gamma- cadinene
46.97  camphene
100.12delta-3- carene
390.44beta- caryophyllene
216.09  citronellal
276.15  citronellol
311.10  citronellyl acetate
360.04alpha- copaene
433.77beta- cubebene
120.10para- cymene
260.18  decanal
180.073,3- dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)heptan-2-one
381.10beta- elemene
330.03delta- elemene
471.14  elemol
500.2310-epi-gamma- eudesmol
530.06(E)-alpha-farnesol
490.07(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2820.91  geraniol
342.40  geranyl acetate
410.21alpha- humulene
148.66  limonene
200.56  linalool
160.11  melonal
350.99  methyl eugenol
428.42(E)- methyl isoeugenol
401.18(Z)- methyl isoeugenol
60.166- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
440.46alpha- muurolene
450.36gamma- muurolene
510.33T- muurolol
80.83  myrcene
320.10  neryl acetate
171.07(E)-beta- ocimene
151.92(Z)-beta- ocimene
90.12alpha- phellandrene
130.06beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
31.87alpha- pinene
70.06beta- pinene
220.87iso(iso) pulegol
50.06  sabinene
240.65  terpinen-4-ol
110.06alpha- terpinene
251.05alpha- terpineol
190.74  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
11.09  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citronella oil java
#%LeftshiftComponents
480.65T-amorphol + bulnesol
200.05  borneol
350.10beta- bourbonene
441.17delta- cadinene
421.74gamma- cadinene
40.04  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
370.22beta- caryophyllene
1834.79  citronellal
260.13  citronellic acid
2411.19  citronellol
281.88  citronellyl acetate
340.08alpha- copaene
392.25beta- cubebene
230.10  decanal
361.96beta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
433.16  elemol
460.1710-epi-gamma- eudesmol
292.45  eugenol
490.08(E)-alpha-farnesol
450.10(Z)-alpha-farnesol
2523.18  geraniol
325.07  geranyl acetate
10.01(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
380.13alpha- humulene
122.81  limonene
170.72  linalool
140.09  melonal
330.09  methyl eugenol
60.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
400.46alpha- muurolene
410.67gamma- muurolene
470.53T- muurolol
80.09  myrcene
300.04  neryl acetate
150.19(E)-beta- ocimene
130.37(Z)-beta- ocimene
110.07beta-phellandrene + 1,8-cineole
30.05alpha- pinene
70.01beta- pinene
190.22iso(iso) pulegol
50.07  sabinene
210.04  terpinen-4-ol
100.01alpha- terpinene
220.05alpha- terpineol
160.06  terpinolene
270.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.01  tricyclene

J. T. Cadin, S. Kramer and C-T. Ho, Comparison of Commercial Citronella Oils from Various Origins. In: Flavor and Fragrances: A World Perspective. Edits., B. M. Lawence, B. D. Mookerjee and B. J. Willis, pp. 495-504, Elsevier Sci. PubI., Amsterdam (1988).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus aurantifolia swingle leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
70.40delta-3- carene
260.70beta- caryophyllene
200.50  citronellal
13tracepara- cymene
210.20  decanal
19tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
2940.00  geranial
330.60  geraniol
300.50  geranyl acetate
15trace  hexanol
10trace(E)-2- hexenal
17trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
824.70  limonene
220.80  linalool
23trace  linalyl acetate
61.00  myrcene
2823.80  neral
320.20  nerol
18trace  nonanal
121.40(E)-beta- ocimene
90.10beta- phellandrene
10.30alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
240.10iso pulegol
52.30  sabinene
310.10beta- selinene
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
110.30gamma- terpinene
270.20alpha- terpineol
140.10  terpinolene
20.20alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI. Composition of leaf oil from ten Citrus taxa and some intrageneric hybrids Bull. Brew. Sci., 18, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil CO2 extract mexico
#%LeftshiftComponents
360.18  aromadendrene
351.91(E)-alpha- bergamotene
213.25  borneol
50.37  camphene
90.57delta-2- carene
341.46beta- caryophyllene
390.40beta- chamigrene
103.361,4- cineole
24tracepara- cymen-8-ol
113.07para- cymene
262.80  dihydrocarveol
320.13beta- elemene
40.03alpha- fenchene
27trace  geranial
31trace  geranyl acetate
450.21  germacrene B
380.45gamma- gurjunene
33trace(Z)- jasmone
1215.97  limonene
182.30  linalool
400.26gamma- muurolene
80.34  myrcene
290.52  nerol
300.17  neryl acetate
140.08(E)-beta- ocimene
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
30.03alpha- pinene
70.17beta- pinene
60.28  sabinene
10.02alpha- santalene
370.35epi-beta- santalene
440.39alpha- selinene
413.15beta- selinene
225.31  terpinen-1-ol
235.72  terpinen-4-ol
162.46gamma- terpinene
204.52(E)-beta- terpineol
194.59(Z)-beta- terpineol
2527.66alpha- terpineol
175.28  terpinolene
150.15alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.02alpha- thujene
420.10  valencene
280.60  verbenone
430.29  viridiflorene

G. Della Porta, E. Reverchon, D. Chouchi and D. Barth, Mandarin and lime peel oil processing by supercritical CO2 desorption : deterpenation and high molecular weight compound elimination. J. Essent. Oil Res., 9, 515-522 (1997).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantifolia swingle oil distilled peru
#%LeftshiftComponents
770.72(E)-alpha- bergamotene
730.06(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
900.04(E)-gamma- bisabolene
860.11(Z)-alpha- bisabolene
880.01(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
1000.06alpha- bisabolol
1010.06epi-alpha-bisabolol
450.82  borneol
430.06iso borneol
610.02  bornyl acetate
890.08delta- cadinene
980.03alpha- cadinol
990.03  campherenol
140.03delta-3- carene
54trace  carvone
750.42beta- caryophyllene
71traceiso caryophyllene
940.06  caryophyllene alcohol
950.02  caryophyllene oxide
153.521,4- cineole
204.351,8- cineole
66trace  citronellyl acetate
820.11gamma- curcumene
480.11para- cymen-8-ol
172.30para- cymene
270.16para- cymenene
510.11  decanal
59trace  decanol
74trace  decyl acetate
110.212,3- dihydro-1,8-cineole
180.022,2- dimethyl-5-(1-methyl propenyl) tetrahydrofuran
720.06  dodecanal
81trace  dodecanol
700.06beta- elemene
650.05delta- elemene
76tracegamma- elemene
92trace  elemol
400.034,8-epoxy-para-menth-1-ene
970.06gamma- eudesmol
872.07(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
780.09(Z)-beta- farnesene
50.79alpha- fenchene
320.82alpha- fenchol
330.01beta- fenchol
570.02  geranial
560.01  geraniol
690.07  geranyl acetate
930.05  germacrene B
830.09(Z)-beta- guaiene
790.08alpha- humulene
1939.19  limonene
38trace(E)- limonene oxide
36trace(Z)- limonene oxide
280.16  linalool
31tracepara- mentha-1,3,8-triene
250.02para- mentha-3,8-diene
90.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
101.00  myrcene
340.01  myrcenol
530.03  neral
520.02  nerol
670.06  neryl acetate
300.01  nonanal
10.03  nonane
220.45(E)-beta- ocimene
210.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
35traceallo- ocimene
120.05  octanal
240.02  octanol
580.05  perillaldehyde
130.44alpha- phellandrene
40.99alpha- pinene
80.77beta- pinene
390.03trans- pinene hydrate
460.05  pinocamphone
440.05iso pinocamphone
620.01trans- pinocarvyl acetate
55trace  piperitone
420.08iso pulegol
7trace  sabinene
800.04beta- santalene
910.10  selina-3,7(11)-diene
850.09alpha- selinene
371.27  terpinen-1-ol
470.71  terpinen-4-ol
600.02alpha- terpinen-7-al
162.35alpha- terpinene
2313.35gamma- terpinene
410.80(Z)-beta- terpineol
497.00alpha- terpineol
501.24gamma- terpineol
269.70  terpinolene
960.04  tetradecanal
840.181,1,3a,7-tetramethyl-1H-1a,2,2,3a,4,5,6,7b-octahydrocyclopropa(a)naphthalene
30.01alpha- thujene
20.03  tricyclene
63trace  tridecane
60.242,6,6-trimethyl-2-ethenyl tetrahydropyran
640.01  undecanal
290.02  undecane
680.01  undecanol

P. Dugo, A. Cotroneo, I. Bonarcorsi and L. Mondello, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils Part LVII. The composition of distilled lime oil. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 93-97 (1998).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

citrus aurantium peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
430.10delta- cadinene
42tracegamma- cadinene
280.02  carvacrol
200.05  carveol
220.03  carvone
380.03beta- caryophyllene
150.01  citronellal
210.07  citronellol
360.05alpha- copaene
33tracealpha- cubebene
400.36beta- cubebene
60.52para- cymene
190.10  decanal
340.03  decanoic acid
37tracebeta- elemene
310.01delta- elemene
410.04gamma- elemene
44trace  elemol
25trace  geranial
35trace  geranyl acetate
390.02alpha- humulene
786.36  limonene
131.91  linalool
100.16(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
110.08(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
51.83  myrcene
16trace  naphthalene
230.04  nerol
450.02  nerolidol
320.03  neryl acetate
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
260.01  perillaldehyde
290.01  perillyl alcohol
21.17alpha- pinene
40.63beta- pinene
240.02iso piperitenone
30.07  sabinene
170.20  terpinen-4-ol
94.25gamma- terpinene
180.24alpha- terpineol
140.02beta- terpineol
120.21  terpinolene
10.22alpha- thujene
270.12  thymol
30trace  undecanal

M-B. Huang, D-X. Zhang, C-T. Yan and S-B. Yang, Identification and determination of the constituents of essential oil extracted from Fructus Citri aurantii by GC and GC/MS. Sepu, 8, 321-325 (1990).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
90.01delta-3- carene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
340.05beta- cubebene
210.11  decanal
280.05  decanol
320.02  decyl acetate
310.01  dodecanal
350.01beta- elemene
270.11  geranial
250.11  geraniol
1094.27  limonene
180.78  linalool
160.05(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.88  myrcene
240.03  neral
230.06  nerol
360.07(E)- nerolidol
300.04  neryl acetate
120.23(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.08  octanal
140.33  octanol
220.05  octyl acetate
260.03  perillaldehyde
80.02alpha- phellandrene
20.40alpha- pinene
50.33beta- pinene
40.08  sabinene
190.06  terpinen-4-ol
130.02gamma- terpinene
200.26alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
290.03alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 2, 46, (2000)

citrus aurantium subsp. junos leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
260.39-0.55beta- caryophyllene
160.28-0.30  citronellal
90.71-1.09para- cymene
190.07-0.12  decanal
250.19-0.39beta- elemene
310.03-0.04  elemol
320.15-0.21beta- eudesmol
290.05alpha- farnesene
230.14-0.17  geranyl acetate
270.13-0.14alpha- humulene
1015.14-18.98  limonene
150.19-0.21  linalool
200.07-0.08  linalyl acetate
2445.36-58.50  methyl N-methyl anthranilate
280.11-0.15gamma- muurolene
60.55-0.82  myrcene
300.23-0.28  nerolidol
220.07-0.14  neryl acetate
113.42-5.14(E)-beta- ocimene
13trace-0.03  octanol
70.27-0.36alpha- phellandrene
20.68-1.62alpha- pinene
50.86-1.56beta- pinene
40.24-0.33  sabinene
170.05-0.06  terpinen-4-ol
80.08-0.12alpha- terpinene
1213.62-18.46gamma- terpinene
180.05-0.06alpha- terpineol
140.42-0.52  terpinolene
10.25-0.63alpha- thujene
210.07-0.08  undecanal

Y-Z. Huang, Y-H. Cao, Q-Y. Chen and Y-L. Wu, Studies on the chemical components of essential oil from the leaves of Citrus junos (Sieb) Tan cv. louhancherg Hort. Chemistry Industry Forest Prod., 13, 165-168 (1993).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus aurantium var. amara absolute morocco
#%LeftshiftComponents
173.6-15.4  farnesol
120.0-2.0  geraniol
100.0-1.3  geranyl acetate
182.6-9.9  indole
30.0-3.6  limonene
534.0-48.0  linalool
614.0-21.0  linalyl acetate
161.0-4.3  methyl anthranilate
20.0-0.5  myrcene
110.0-1.1  nerol
154.9-8.9  nerolidol
90.0-0.7  neryl acetate
40.0-2.2(E)-beta- ocimene
130.0-2.12- phenethyl alcohol
10.0-2.7beta- pinene
70.0-0.8  terpinen-4-ol + beta-caryophyllene
81.5-3.7alpha- terpineol

M. J. Prager and M. A. Miskiewicz, Gas chromatographic/mass Spectrometric analysis identification and detection of adulteration of perfumery products from bitter orange. trees. J. Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chem., 64, 131-136 (1981).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus aurantium var. bergamia wright et arn. leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
180.02  borneol
70.641,8- cineole
110.02  citronellal
233.27  citronellol
150.42  citronellyl acetate
213.15  geranial
252.77  geraniol
220.08  geranyl acetate
190.90alpha- humulene
51.21  limonene
1222.39  linalool
1351.64  linalyl acetate
100.036- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
41.63  myrcene
160.07  neral
241.21  nerol
200.27  neryl acetate
81.54beta- ocimene
60.04beta- phellandrene
10.09alpha- pinene
21.00beta- pinene
30.15  sabinene
142.53  terpinen-4-ol
174.21alpha- terpineol
90.31  terpinolene

Y. S. Cheng and C. S. Lee, Composition of leaf essential oils from ten Citrus species. Proc. Natl Sci. Count. B. ROC, 5, 278-283(1981).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus bigaradia oil
An oil produced from the flowers of the bitter orange tree was analyzed by a combination of GC/MS and retention indices (Lin et al., 1986). The oil was found to possess the following composition.
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.02  camphene
250.13beta- caryophyllene
29trace  farnesol
170.04  geranial
15trace  geraniol
232.15  geranyl acetate
26tracealpha- humulene
69.13  limonene
950.46  linalool
80.15(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
180.09(E)- linalool oxide pyranoid
210.07(Z)- linalool oxide pyranoid
1618.39  linalyl acetate
19trace  methyl anthranilate
27tracegamma- muurolene
56.26  myrcene
140.50  neral
13trace  nerol
301.09(E)- nerolidol
280.64(Z)- nerolidol
221.09  neryl acetate
24trace  nonanal
73.91beta- ocimene
20.28alpha- pinene
40.53beta- pinene
12tracetrans- pinocarveol
100.11  terpinen-4-ol
114.75alpha- terpineol
20tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

Z-K. Lin, Y-F. Hua and Y-H. Gu, The chemical constituents of the essential oil from the flowers, leaves and peels of Citrus aurantium. Zhiwu Xuebao, 28, 635-640 (1966).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus bigaradia oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.04  camphene
330.07beta- caryophyllene
80.04para- cymene
350.44(E,Z)- farnesol
220.40  geraniol
271.17  geranyl acetate
140.04  hexyl acetate
310.45  indole
280.15(Z)- jasmone
911.50  limonene
1734.60  linalool
160.16(E)- linalool oxide
150.22(Z)- linalool oxide
2323.60  linalyl acetate
320.98  methyl anthranilate
290.03(Z)- methyl jasmonate
61.11  myrcene
210.23  nerol
341.21(E)- nerolidol
260.79  neryl acetate
114.54(E)-beta- ocimene
100.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
240.182- phenethyl acetate
180.642- phenethyl alcohol
20.46alpha- pinene
58.79beta- pinene
41.10  sabinene
190.14  terpinen-4-ol
70.04alpha- terpinene
120.06gamma- terpinene
201.13alpha- terpineol
130.16  terpinolene
250.14alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

M. H. Boelens and H. Boelens, Differences in chemical and sensory properties of orange flower and rose oils obtained from hydrodistillation and from supercritical CO, extraction. Perfum, Flavor., 22(3), 31-35 (1997).

P&F 22, No. 6, 45, (1997)

citrus grandis peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.19delta- cadinene
24tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
120.35beta- caryophyllene
360.11  citronellal
220.04  citronellol
480.03  citronellyl acetate
100.11alpha- copaene
110.11beta- copaene
340.53  decanal
470.02  decyl acetate
350.07  dodecanal
420.02  dodecanoic acid
130.03beta- elemene
280.09  elemol
290.12  farnesol
380.17  geranial
250.02  geraniol
490.19  geranyl acetate
150.13  germacrene D
440.11  hexadecanoic acid
300.01  hexanal
310.03(E)-2- hexenal
45trace  hexyl butyrate
140.10alpha- humulene
500.02  limonen-10-yl acetate
591.12  limonene
520.02(E)- limonene oxide
51trace(Z)- limonene oxide
180.25  linalool
41.78  myrcene
370.08  neral
230.01  nerol
270.03  nerolidol
330.06  nonanal
400.60  nootkatone
80.24(E)-beta- ocimene
70.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
320.26  octanal
410.02  octanoic acid
170.13  octanol
460.11  octyl acetate
390.05  perillaldehyde
60.27beta- phellandrene
10.45alpha- pinene
20.09beta- pinene
30.93  sabinene
190.06(E)- sabinene hydrate
200.02  terpinen-4-ol
210.12alpha- terpineol
9trace  terpinolene
430.03  tetradecanoic acid

H. Gotou and T. Fukumoto, Flavor constituents of pummelos (Citrus grandis Osbeck). Koryo, 183, 95-105 (1994).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus hystrix leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
38tracedelta- cadinene
40trace  calamenene
4tracedelta-3- carene
310.16beta- caryophyllene
27traceiso caryophyllene
2281.49  citronellal
530.10  citronellic acid
438.22  citronellol
340.90  citronellyl acetate
240.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cubenol
47traceepi- cubenol
39tracear- curcumene
12tracepara- cymene
33trace2,6- dimethyl-5-heptenal
150.132,6- dimethyl-5-heptenol
30tracebeta- elemene
51trace  elemol
23trace4,8- epoxyterpinolene
37trace(Z)-alpha-farnesene
440.31  geraniol
420.09  geranyl acetate
35trace  germacrene D
32tracealpha- humulene
52trace  indole
80.03  limonene
253.69  linalool
20trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
19trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
48tracepara- menthan-1,8-diol
17trace  menthone
18traceiso menthone
14trace6- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
36tracealpha- muurolene
50.43  myrcene
41trace  neral
500.18(E)- nerolidol
45trace  neryl acetone
100.23beta- ocimene
6tracealpha- phellandrene
90.05beta- phellandrene
54trace  phytol
55traceiso phytol
10.06alpha- pinene
20.24beta- pinene
280.32iso pulegol
16trace rose oxide
31.57  sabinene
210.14(E)- sabinene hydrate
260.13(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.24  safrole
290.20  terpinen-4-ol
70.03alpha- terpinene
110.07gamma- terpinene
130.05  terpinolene

A. Sato, K. Asano and T. Sato, The chemical composition of Citrus hystrix DC (Swangi), J. Essent. oil Res., 2, 179-163 ( 1990).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.80-1.52  bicycloelemene
25tracetrans- carveol
26tracecis- carveol
210.01-0.02  carvone
150.13-0.17beta- caryophyllene
56.15-8.251,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.21-0.40para- cymene
12trace  decanal
19trace  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.21-1.96beta- farnesene
27trace  juniper camphor
460.41-71.29  limonene
131.64-2.00  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.41-1.43  myrcene
10trace  nonanal
9trace  octanal
230.01-0.02  perillaldehyde
10.95-1.11alpha- pinene
20.32-0.35beta- pinene
20trace  piperitone
16trace-0.02  terpinen-4-ol
67.59-7.78gamma- terpinene
180.10-0.25alpha- terpineol
80.23-0.51  terpinolene
280.12-0.21  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus junos sieb var. tanaka peel oil CO2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
220.90-1.65  bicycloelemene
25trace-0.01trans- carveol
26trace-0.01cis- carveol
210.01  carvone
150.02-0.19beta- caryophyllene
53.70-5.801,8- cineole
24tracear- curcumene
70.11-0.48para- cymene
12trace-0.03  decanal
19trace-0.02  dodecanal
110.01-0.02delta- elemene
171.41-3.49beta- farnesene
27trace-0.05  juniper camphor
461.91-75.74  limonene
131.19-7.94  linalool
14trace  linalyl acetate
31.05-1.63  myrcene
10trace-0.04  nonanal
9trace  octanal
23trace-0.05  perillaldehyde
10.64-0.90alpha- pinene
20.28-0.37beta- pinene
20trace-0.07  piperitone
160.01-0.33  terpinen-4-ol
67.43-10.49gamma- terpinene
180.16-0.84alpha- terpineol
80.17-0.34  terpinolene
280.24-1.10  thymol

M. Sawamura, T. Kuriyama, Z-F. Li and H. Kusunose, Composition of peel oil components of yuzu (Citrus junos Tanaka) extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide and those of traditional ones. Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gaikkaishi, 36, 34-38 (1989).

P&F 24, No. 6, 45, (1999)

citrus limon peel oil c.p. california
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.03(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
320.38(E)-alpha-bergamotene + citronellyl propionate
360.55beta- bisabolene
520.04alpha- bisabolol
160.01  borneol
30.06  camphene
510.03  campherenol
460.008  camphor
310.22beta- caryophyllene
230.08  citronellal
190.06 citronellol + nerol
380.03  citronellyl acetate
90.14para- cymene
240.05  decanal
470.01exo-(Z)-4,7-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-3-en-6-one
500.032,3- dimethyl-3-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl)-2-norbornanol
290.01 dodecanal + decyl acetate
330.03(E)-beta- farnesene
261.18  geranial
200.03  geraniol
400.52  geranyl acetate
420.01  geranyl propionate
340.02alpha- humulene
1065.65 limonene + 1,8-cineole + (E)-beta-ocimene
440.007(E)- limonene 1,2-oxide
450.006(Z)- limonene 1,2-oxide
370.007  methyl geranate
61.58  myrcene
250.74  neral
490.004  nerolidol
390.60  neryl acetate
410.007  neryl propionate
220.12  nonanal
110.09(E)-beta- ocimene
210.08  octanal
270.03  perillaldehyde
70.04alpha- phellandrene
21.75alpha- pinene
511.13beta- pinene
480.004  piperitone
41.85  sabinene
150.13(Z)-sabinene hydrate + linalool
140.01(E)-sabinene hydrate + octanol
350.01beta- santalene
170.11  terpinen-4-ol
80.16alpha- terpinene
128.32gamma- terpinene
180.16alpha- terpineol
130.34  terpinolene
10.38alpha- thujene
280.03  undecanal
430.009  undecyl acetate

T. S. Chamblee, B. C. Clark. G. B. Brewster, T. Radford and G. A. Iacobucci, Quantitative analysis of the volatile constituents of lemon peel oil. Effects of silica gel chromatography on the imposition of its hydrocarbon and oxygenated fractions. J. Agric, Food Chem., 39, 162-169 (1991).

P&F 17, No. 1, 45, (1992)

citrus limon peel oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
1924.50(E)-alpha- bergamotene
172.70(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
280.40(E)-gamma- bisabolene
260.50(Z)-gamma- bisabolene
2537.10beta- bisabolene
40.06  camphene
9tracedelta-3- carene
1813.80beta- caryophyllene
230.70gamma- curcumene
110.27para- cymene
270.40(E)-beta- farnesene
211.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
201.20alpha- humulene
1269.93  limonene
71.51  myrcene
140.16(E)-beta- ocimene
130.10(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.04alpha- phellandrene
31.90alpha- pinene
612.40beta- pinene
51.99  sabinene
221.30(Z)-beta-santalene
100.21alpha- terpinene
1510.56gamma- terpinene
160.43  terpinolene
20.43alpha- thujene
10.01  tricyclene
241.70 valencene + unknown

GC profile belongs to sesquiterpene hydrocarbon fraction of lemon oil.

L. Mondello, P. Dugo, K. D. Bartle, G. Dugo and A. Cotroneo, Automated HPLC/HBGC: A Powerful Method for Essential Oil Analysis Part V. Identification of Terpene Hydrocarbons of Bergamot, Lemon, Mandarin, Sweet Orange, Bitter Orange, Grapefruit, Clementine and Mexican Lime Oil by Coupled HPLC-HRGC-MS (lTD). Flav. Fragr. J., 10, 33-42 (1995).

P&F 21, No. 1, 37, (1996)

citrus paradisi leaf oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
30.20  camphene
76.10delta-3- carene
280.90beta- caryophyllene
223.10  citronellal
351.40  citronellol
141.40para- cymene
230.10  decanal
21tracealpha-para- dimethyl styrene
32trace  dodecanal
26tracebeta- elemene
290.70beta- farnesene
340.60  geranial
380.30  geraniol
17trace  hexanol
110.30(E)-2- hexenal
19trace(E)-2- hexen-1-ol
180.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-ol
330.50alpha- humulene
96.40  limonene
244.40  linalool
64.90  myrcene
311.20  neral
370.30  nerol
20trace  nonanal
134.60(E)-beta- ocimene
16trace(Z)-2- penten-1-ol
102.30beta- phellandrene
12.40alpha- pinene
43.10beta- pinene
250.60iso pulegol
518.50  sabinene
361.20beta- selinene
270.80  terpinen-4-ol
810.70alpha- terpinene
1212.00gamma- terpinene
300.30alpha- terpineol
152.20  terpinolene
24.00alpha- thujene

S. Kamiyama and M. Amaha, Studies on leaf oils of Citrus species. VI Composition of leaf oils from ten Citrus taxa and some intragenetic hybrids, Bull. Brew, Sci., 16, 17-27 (1972).

P&F 18, No. 5, 43, (1993)

citrus paradisi var. CO2 extract falvedo
co2 extract
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.07alpha- bergamotene
430.52delta- cadinene
30.02  camphene
230.03  carveol
371.42beta- caryophyllene
180.12  citronellal
310.04  citronellyl acetate
330.34alpha- copaene
350.36beta- cubebene
210.63  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.11  elemol
420.09alpha- farnesene
400.40beta- farnesene
470.08(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.15  geranial
260.18  geraniol
340.26  geranyl acetate
410.11  germacrene D
390.31alpha- humulene
984.06 limonene + para-cymene
160.43  linalool
61.40  myrcene
250.15  neral
240.05  nerol
450.15(E)- nerolidol
320.05  neryl acetate
170.05  nonanal
485.19  nootkatone
110.28(E)-beta- ocimene
100.09(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.47 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.11  octanol
220.09  octyl acetate
280.05  perillaldehyde
20.21alpha- pinene
50.06beta- pinene
40.17  sabinene
130.01(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.31beta- sinensal
190.07  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.74gamma- terpinene
200.32alpha- terpineol
150.06  terpinolene
300.02alpha- terpinyl acetate
10.02alpha- thujene
290.09  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.10  carveol
350.31beta- caryophyllene
330.06alpha- copaene
230.22  decanal
220.03  decanol
34trace  dodecanal
37trace2- dodecenal
290.08  geranial
28trace  geraniol
320.08  geranyl acetate
360.03alpha- humulene
993.05  limonene
190.45  linalool
180.66  linalool oxide
61.76  myrcene
270.06  neral
260.03  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.07  nonanal
160.02  nonanol
380.54  nootkatone
110.24(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
140.23  octanal
130.07  octanol
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.42alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
200.04iso pulegol
41.20  sabinene
210.09  terpinen-4-ol
80.01alpha- terpinene
120.02gamma- terpinene
240.20alpha- terpineol
15trace  terpinolene
300.04alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

G. Ruberto, D. Biondi, P. Rapisarda, A. Renda and A. Starrantino, Essential oil of cami, an new Citrus hybrid. J. Agric. Food Chem., 45, 3206-3210 (1997).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. duncan oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.13delta- cadinene
260.41beta- caryophyllene
150.04  citronellal
220.04  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.08para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.22  decanal
250.12  decyl acetate
210.09  geranial
240.12  geranyl acetate
320.02  geranyl butyrate
330.01  hexadecane
270.02alpha- humulene
987.19  limonene
140.19  linalool
120.02  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
62.91  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.02  neryl acetate
340.18  nootkatone
100.61(E)-beta- ocimene
350.02  octadecane
190.03  octyl acetate
300.05  pentadecane
70.06alpha- phellandrene
20.78alpha- pinene
50.15beta- pinene
41.50  sabinene
160.08  terpinen-4-ol
110.10gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.09  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. falvedo oil
hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
380.01alpha- bergamotene
430.02delta- cadinene
30.01  camphene
230.05  carveol
370.13beta- caryophyllene
180.03  citronellal
310.01  citronellyl acetate
330.13alpha- copaene
350.04beta- cubebene
210.19  decanal
360.03  dodecanal
440.01  elemol
42tracealpha- farnesene
400.02beta- farnesene
470.01(Z,Z)- farnesol
270.04  geranial
260.02  geraniol
340.08  geranyl acetate
41trace  germacrene D
390.03alpha- humulene
994.98 limonene + para-cymene
160.16  linalool
61.65  myrcene
250.05  neral
240.04  nerol
450.02(E)- nerolidol
320.12  neryl acetate
170.03  nonanal
480.26  nootkatone
110.13(E)-beta- ocimene
10trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
70.03 octanal + beta-phellandrene
140.16  octanol
220.03  octyl acetate
280.03  perillaldehyde
20.50alpha- pinene
50.02beta- pinene
40.24  sabinene
13trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
460.04beta- sinensal
190.05  terpinen-4-ol
80.03alpha- terpinene
120.01gamma- terpinene
200.07alpha- terpineol
150.04  terpinolene
30tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene
290.10  undecanal

M. Poiano, V. Sicari and B. Minicione, Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2 extraction of grapefruit flavedo. Flav. Fragr. J., 13, 125-130 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. foster oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.14delta- cadinene
250.48beta- caryophyllene
140.06  citronellal
210.05  citronellyl acetate
270.05beta- copaene
70.10para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
170.29  decanal
240.14  decyl acetate
200.08  geranial
230.08  geranyl acetate
310.01  geranyl butyrate
260.08alpha- humulene
888.09  limonene
130.19  linalool
110.02  linalool oxide
52.99  myrcene
190.07  neral
220.02  neryl acetate
320.10  nootkatone
90.72(E)-beta- ocimene
330.02  octadecane
180.08  octyl acetate
290.04  pentadecane
60.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
40.16beta- pinene
31.41  sabinene
150.09  terpinen-4-ol
100.12gamma- terpinene
160.04alpha- terpineol
120.13  terpinolene
10.02alpha- thujene
280.06  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. jubilee oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.38delta- cadinene
280.20beta- caryophyllene
160.04  citronellal
240.03  citronellyl acetate
300.05beta- copaene
91.09para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
190.79  decanal
270.59  decyl acetate
220.02  geranial
260.06  geranyl acetate
340.02  geranyl butyrate
350.01  hexadecane
290.75alpha- humulene
1067.60  limonene
150.12  linalool
130.02  linalool oxide
40.03(Z)- linalool oxide
72.43  myrcene
210.03  neral
250.01  neryl acetate
10.01  nonane
360.35  nootkatone
111.12(E)-beta- ocimene
370.04  octadecane
200.06  octyl acetate
320.32  pentadecane
80.06alpha- phellandrene
31.76alpha- pinene
61.57beta- pinene
50.26  sabinene
170.06  terpinen-4-ol
1215.41gamma- terpinene
180.03alpha- terpineol
140.84  terpinolene
20.59alpha- thujene
230.02  undecanal
310.13  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
240.05  carveol
360.18beta- caryophyllene
330.04alpha- copaene
230.26  decanal
290.01  decanol
35trace  decyl acetate
340.02  dodecanal
380.032- dodecenal
280.10  geranial
270.01  geraniol
320.05  geranyl acetate
370.02alpha- humulene
1093.59  limonene
180.25  linalool
150.23(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.81  myrcene
260.06  neral
250.02  nerol
31trace  neryl acetate
170.06  nonanal
20trace  nonanol
390.13  nootkatone
120.29(E)-beta- ocimene
11trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.58  octanal
140.14  octanol
80.05alpha- phellandrene
20.51alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
190.06iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
210.17  terpinen-4-ol
90.24alpha- terpinene
130.07gamma- terpinene
220.14alpha- terpineol
160.02  terpinolene
300.01alpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. marsh seedless oil russia
#%LeftshiftComponents
310.19delta- cadinene
260.53beta- caryophyllene
150.06  citronellal
220.05  citronellyl acetate
280.05beta- copaene
80.11para-cymene + alpha-terpinene
180.27  decanal
250.15  decyl acetate
210.08  geranial
240.14  geranyl acetate
320.01  geranyl butyrate
270.05alpha- humulene
985.09  limonene
140.20  linalool
120.04  linalool oxide
30.01(Z)- linalool oxide
63.01  myrcene
200.06  neral
230.01  neryl acetate
330.18  nootkatone
100.63(E)-beta- ocimene
340.03  octadecane
190.07  octyl acetate
300.07  pentadecane
70.08alpha- phellandrene
20.74alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
41.64  sabinene
160.12  terpinen-4-ol
110.16gamma- terpinene
170.06alpha- terpineol
130.10  terpinolene
10.03alpha- thujene
290.08  valencene

D. M. Abkhazava and L. G. Kharebava, Essential oil composition of different grapefruit varieties. Subtrop. Kul’t, (6), 111-116 (1989).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus paradisi var. red blush oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
3trace  camphene
250.05  carveol
370.17beta- caryophyllene
340.04alpha- copaene
110.18para- cymene
240.26  decanal
300.02  decanol
36trace  decyl acetate
350.02  dodecanal
390.022- dodecenal
290.07  geranial
280.02  geraniol
330.06  geranyl acetate
380.02alpha- humulene
1293.70  limonene
190.20  linalool
160.21(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
71.86  myrcene
270.05  neral
260.03  nerol
320.01  neryl acetate
180.05  nonanal
21trace  nonanol
400.07  nootkatone
130.21(E)-beta- ocimene
60.34  octanal
150.14  octanol
80.07alpha- phellandrene
100.18beta- phellandrene
20.52alpha- pinene
50.07beta- pinene
200.05iso pulegol
40.54  sabinene
220.18  terpinen-4-ol
90.04alpha- terpinene
140.08gamma- terpinene
230.15alpha- terpineol
170.02  terpinolene
31tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
1tracealpha- thujene

D. R. L. Caccioni, M. Guizzardi, D. M. Biondi, A. Renda and G. Ruberto, Relationship between volatile components of citrus fruit essential oils and antimicrobial action on Penicillium digitatum and Penicillium italicum. Internat. J. Food Microbiol., 43, 73-79 (1998).

P&F 25, No. 3, 54, (2000)

citrus reticulata blanco var. mandarin oil japan
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.10  citronellal
17trace  citronellol
60.10para- cymene
100.10  decanal
15trace  geranial
16trace  geranyl acetate
489.90  limonene
110.60  linalool
31.80  myrcene
13trace  neral
18trace  nerol
80.20  octanal
12trace  octanol
11.20alpha- pinene
20.30beta- pinene
54.60gamma- terpinene
140.10alpha- terpineol
70.20  terpinolene

M. Sawamura, S. H. Sun, K. Ozaki, J. Ishikawa and H. Ueda, Inhibitory effects of Citrus essential oils and their components on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine. J. Agric. Food Chem., 47, 4868-4872 (1999).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata nova var. mandarin oil uruguay
#%LeftshiftComponents
65trace  bicyclogermacrene
66tracealpha- bulnesene
690.04-0.05delta- cadinene
3trace  camphene
90.17-0.19delta-3- carene
320.01-0.02trans- carveol
35tracecis- carveol
370.02-0.07  carvone
570.01beta- caryophyllene
250.01  citronellal
34trace-0.01  citronellol
49trace  citronellyl acetate
510.02-0.03alpha- copaene
530.01beta- cubebene
68trace  cubebol
460.03(E,E)-2,4- decadienal
43trace(E,Z)-2,4- decadienal
300.30-0.32  decanal
390.01(E)-2- decenal
560.01  decyl acetate
290.01-0.03  dihydrocarveol
44traceneo dihydrocarvyl acetate
550.06-0.07  dodecanal
620.01-0.02(E)-2- dodecenal
540.01beta- elemene
470.01delta- elemene
700.01-0.02  elemol
670.02-0.03(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
61trace-0.01(E)-beta- farnesene
38trace  geranial
400.04-0.06  geraniol
52trace  geranyl acetate
710.01  germacrene B
640.09-0.11  germacrene D
73trace-0.01  germacrene D-4-ol
59tracealpha- guaiene
580.01beta- gurjunene
600.02alpha- humulene
1193.10-94.20  limonene
230.01-0.04(E)- limonene oxide
220.01-0.05(Z)- limonene oxide
200.67-0.88  linalool
17tracepara- mentha-2,4(8)-diene
63tracegamma- muurolene
61.93-1.98  myrcene
240.01-0.02(E)- myroxide
360.01-0.03  neral
33trace-0.01  nerol
72trace(E)- nerolidol
50trace-0.01  neryl acetate
210.05  nonanal
770.01  nootkatone
130.38-0.44(E)-beta- ocimene
120.01-0.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.16-0.17  octanal
16trace-0.04  octanol
31trace  octyl acetate
410.02-0.04  perillaldehyde
420.02-0.03  perillyl alcohol
70.03-0.04alpha- phellandrene
20.48-0.50alpha- pinene
50.14beta- pinene
260.01-0.02iso pinocamphone
40.34-0.35  sabinene
19trace(E)- sabinene hydrate
15trace-0.02(Z)- sabinene hydrate
760.02-0.04alpha- sinensal
750.01-0.02beta- sinensal
27trace-0.01  terpinen-4-ol
10tracealpha- terpinene
140.01-0.02gamma- terpinene
280.06-0.08alpha- terpineol
180.03  terpinolene
48tracealpha- terpinyl acetate
74trace-0.01  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
450.02  undecanal

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, A. Cotroneo, D. Lorenzo and E. Dellacassa, Uruguayan essential oil. 12. Composition of Nova and Satsuma mandarin oils. J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2903-2909 (2000).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus reticulata var. ponkan oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
160.37  carvacrol
130.20  carvone
191.86  cedrenol
112.24  citronellol
30.28para- cymene
100.36  decanal
150.74  geranial
140.30  geraniol
461.77  limonene
717.84  linalool
10.49  myrcene
120.33  neral
21.40  octanal
60.45  pentyl cyclopropane
180.53  perillaldehyde
170.18(Z)- terpine hydrate
81.49  terpinen-4-ol
52.62alpha- terpinene
93.81alpha- terpineol

L-F. Zhu, Y-H. Li, B-L. Li, B-Y. Lu and N-H. Xia, Aromatic plants and essential constituents, South China Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hai Feng Publish, Co. Distributed by Peace Book Co., Ltd., Hong Kong (1993).

P&F 26, No. 1, 36, (2001)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
190.02-0.04beta- caryophyllene
130.03-0.04 citronellal + octyl acetate
27trace-0.03  citronellol
21trace  citronellyl acetate
10trace-0.04para- cymene
140.29-0.33  decanal
24trace-0.04  dodecanal
260.04-0.16  geranial
290-trace  geranyl acetate
791.98-93.43  limonene
150.45-0.60  linalool
17trace-0.06  linalyl acetate
43.03-3.31  myrcene
220.06-0.07  neral
300.02-0.05  nerol
250.03-0.06  neryl acetate
120.05-0.06  nonanal
200.04-0.07  nonanol
160.08-0.11  octanol
5tracealpha- phellandrene
8tracebeta- phellandrene
10.89-0.95alpha- pinene
2tracebeta- pinene
30.45-0.71  sabinene
6tracealpha- terpinene
9trace-0.02gamma- terpinene
230.08-0.09alpha- terpineol
110.21-0.23 terpinolene + octanal
180.02-0.04  undecanal
280.13-0.27  valencene

M. Koketsu, M. T. Magaihaes, V. C. Wilberg and M. G. R. Donaliso, Oleos Essenciais de frutos citricos cultivadas no Brazil. Bol. Pesqui EMBRAPA Cent. Technol. Agric. Aliment., (7), 21 pp (1983).

P&F 17, No. 5, 131, (1992)

citrus sinensis peel oil cold pressed egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
51.94para- cymene
92.87  geranial
100.68  geraniol
378.36  limonene
64.51  linalool
72.09  linalyl acetate
110.24  methyl anthranilate
22.23  myrcene
81.26  neral
10.68alpha- pinene
40.12alpha- terpinene

E. A. Omer, A. A. Youseff, E. N. Abo-Zied and A. M. Sharaby, Biochemical studies on the essential oils of Balady orange and mandarin. Egypt. J. Hort., 24, 207-218 (1997).

P&F 23, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. biondo comune c.p. blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.028delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.039delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.016beta- caryophyllene
220.035  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.023alpha- copaene
410.027beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.321  decanal
430.004  decyl acetate
420.050  dodecanal
510.025(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.026(E)-beta- farnesene
310.133  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.010  limonene
210.019(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.653  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.826  myrcene
290.088  neral
280.021  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.070  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.011  nootkatone
130.044(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.329  octanal
160.023  octanol
260.006  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.058alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.046beta- pinene
40.928  sabinene
150.022(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.042alpha- sinensal
570.044beta- sinensal
230.008  terpinen-4-ol
100.003alpha- terpinene
140.004gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.014  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.016  undecanal
490.067  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. moro oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.016  bornyl acetate
530.030delta- cadinene
520.006gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.147delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.038  citronellal
370.006  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.031beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.161  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.031  dodecanal
510.021(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.022(E)-beta- farnesene
310.085  geranial
300.009  geraniol
400.019  geranyl acetate
480.023  germacrene D
450.008alpha- humulene
1194.772  limonene
210.014(E)- limonene oxide
200.009(Z)- limonene oxide
180.542  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.008gamma- muurolene
61.859  myrcene
290.055  neral
280.024  nerol
550.006(E)- nerolidol
380.010  neryl acetate
190.035  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.022  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.008(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.142  octanal
160.027  octanol
260.005  octyl acetate
320.010  perillaldehyde
70.060alpha- phellandrene
20.480alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.596  sabinene
150.016(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.031alpha- sinensal
570.036beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.055alpha- terpineol
170.033  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.177  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. navelina c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.012  bornyl acetate
530.022delta- cadinene
520.007gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.407delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.021beta- caryophyllene
220.060  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.018alpha- copaene
410.022beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.431  decanal
430.007  decyl acetate
420.062  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.006(E)-beta- farnesene
310.134  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.012  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1193.713  limonene
210.013(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.369  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.004gamma- muurolene
61.865  myrcene
290.089  neral
280.022  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.013  neryl acetate
190.064  nonanal
350.004  nonyl acetate
590.018  nootkatone
130.033(E)-beta- ocimene
120.006(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.517  octanal
160.026  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.015  perillaldehyde
70.091alpha- phellandrene
20.482alpha- pinene
50.038beta- pinene
40.785  sabinene
150.027(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.023alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.007alpha- terpinene
140.007gamma- terpinene
240.066alpha- terpineol
170.077  terpinolene
360.002alpha- terpinyl acetate
56trace  tetradecanal
10.006alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.015  undecanal
490.101  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. ovale c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.040  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.155delta-3- carene
270.006cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.048  citronellal
370.004  citronellyl acetate
390.024alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.263  decanal
430.014  decyl acetate
420.040  dodecanal
510.011(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.010(E)-beta- farnesene
310.122  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.008  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.004alpha- humulene
1194.376  limonene
210.010(E)- limonene oxide
200.017(Z)- limonene oxide
180.861  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.881  myrcene
290.083  neral
280.007  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.043  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.023(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.276  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.002  octyl acetate
320.013  perillaldehyde
70.049alpha- phellandrene
20.471alpha- pinene
50.044beta- pinene
40.523  sabinene
150.019(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.030beta- sinensal
230.007  terpinen-4-ol
100.005alpha- terpinene
140.017gamma- terpinene
240.067alpha- terpineol
170.030  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.005alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.038  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. sanguinello oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.013  bornyl acetate
530.026delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.104delta-3- carene
270.010cis- carveol
440.026beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.271  decanal
430.026  decyl acetate
420.043  dodecanal
510.016(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.008  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.451  limonene
210.017(E)- limonene oxide
200.010(Z)- limonene oxide
180.558  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.017gamma- muurolene
61.973  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.016  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.008  neryl acetate
190.042  nonanal
350.006  nonyl acetate
590.036  nootkatone
130.024(E)-beta- ocimene
120.007(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.173  octanal
160.011  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.502alpha- pinene
50.034beta- pinene
40.487  sabinene
150.012(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.018alpha- sinensal
570.021beta- sinensal
230.005  terpinen-4-ol
100.004alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.048alpha- terpineol
170.025  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.004  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.012  undecanal
490.309  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. tarocco oil italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.015  bornyl acetate
530.027delta- cadinene
52tracegamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.065delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.027  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.022alpha- copaene
410.028beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.162  decanal
430.010  decyl acetate
420.026  dodecanal
510.014(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.009(E)-beta- farnesene
310.073  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.010  geranyl acetate
480.018  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1195.496  limonene
210.011(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.428  linalool
50tracealpha- muurolene
470.011gamma- muurolene
61.818  myrcene
290.048  neral
280.008  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.038  nonanal
350.003  nonyl acetate
590.014  nootkatone
130.022(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.180  octanal
160.016  octanol
260.004  octyl acetate
320.008  perillaldehyde
70.075alpha- phellandrene
20.478alpha- pinene
50.023beta- pinene
40.377  sabinene
150.009(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.017alpha- sinensal
570.023beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.003gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.003alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.002  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.009  undecanal
490.093  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 25, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. valencia late c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.026  bornyl acetate
530.025delta- cadinene
520.005gamma- cadinene
30.003  camphene
90.060delta-3- carene
270.007cis- carveol
440.014beta- caryophyllene
220.058  citronellal
370.003  citronellyl acetate
390.019alpha- copaene
410.020beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.400  decanal
430.016  decyl acetate
420.063  dodecanal
510.015(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.013(E)-beta- farnesene
310.127  geranial
300.005  geraniol
400.006  geranyl acetate
480.019  germacrene D
450.006alpha- humulene
1194.276  limonene
210.012(E)- limonene oxide
200.016(Z)- limonene oxide
180.524  linalool
500.005alpha- muurolene
470.006gamma- muurolene
62.052  myrcene
290.080  neral
280.019  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.007  neryl acetate
190.061  nonanal
350.008  nonyl acetate
590.013  nootkatone
130.019(E)-beta- ocimene
120.003(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.416  octanal
160.022  octanol
260.009  octyl acetate
320.014  perillaldehyde
70.073alpha- phellandrene
20.534alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.336  sabinene
150.010(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.028alpha- sinensal
570.050beta- sinensal
230.006  terpinen-4-ol
100.002alpha- terpinene
140.006gamma- terpinene
240.060alpha- terpineol
170.017  terpinolene
360.004alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.003  tetradecanal
10.003alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.014  undecanal
490.046  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus sinensis var. washington navel c.p. oil blond italy
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.014  bornyl acetate
530.023delta- cadinene
520.012gamma- cadinene
30.002  camphene
90.204delta-3- carene
270.005cis- carveol
440.022beta- caryophyllene
220.045  citronellal
370.005  citronellyl acetate
390.020alpha- copaene
410.026beta-cubebene + beta-elemene
250.264  decanal
430.012  decyl acetate
420.037  dodecanal
510.009(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
460.005(E)-beta- farnesene
310.082  geranial
300.006  geraniol
400.011  geranyl acetate
480.017  germacrene D
450.005alpha- humulene
1194.984  limonene
210.016(E)- limonene oxide
200.008(Z)- limonene oxide
180.325  linalool
500.004alpha- muurolene
470.005gamma- muurolene
61.825  myrcene
290.050  neral
280.014  nerol
550.004(E)- nerolidol
380.009  neryl acetate
190.040  nonanal
350.005  nonyl acetate
590.029  nootkatone
130.029(E)-beta- ocimene
120.005(Z)-beta- ocimene
80.257  octanal
160.013  octanol
260.007  octyl acetate
320.009  perillaldehyde
70.045alpha- phellandrene
20.475alpha- pinene
50.026beta- pinene
40.431  sabinene
150.011(E)- sabinene hydrate
580.014alpha- sinensal
570.017beta- sinensal
230.003  terpinen-4-ol
100.011alpha- terpinene
140.005gamma- terpinene
240.047alpha- terpineol
170.023  terpinolene
360.006alpha- terpinyl acetate
560.005  tetradecanal
10.004alpha- thujene
54trace  tridecanal
340.010  undecanal
490.174  valencene

A. Verzera, A. Trozzi, I. Stagno-d’Alcontres and A. Cotroneo, On the genuineness of citrus essential oils. Part XLVII. The composition of volatile fraction of some varieties of sweet orange oils. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 159-170 (1996).

P&F 26, No. 5, 52, (2000)

citrus unshiu peel oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
54trace  bornyl acetate
230.012- butanol
200.86delta- cadinene
65trace  carvacrol
32tracetrans- carveol
34tracecis- carveol
49trace  carvone
120.07  caryophyllene
71trace1,8- cineole
440.03  citronellal
310.02  citronellol
370.03  citronellyl acetate
110.06alpha- copaene
46trace  cuminaldehyde
33tracepara- cymen-8-ol
80.22para- cymene
400.08  decanal
43trace(E)-2- decenal
380.01  decyl acetate
48trace  dihydrocarvone
420.03  dodecanal
62trace  dodecyl acetate
13tracebeta- elemene
10tracedelta- elemene
360.01beta- elemol
220.02  ethanol
51trace  ethyl propionate
180.53(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
570.11  geranyl acetate
60trace  geranyl propionate
150.46  germacrene D
52trace  heptyl acetate
140.10alpha- humulene
72trace  indole
290.01  limonen-4-ol
688.39  limonene
70trace(E)-1,2- limonene epoxide
69trace(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
270.82  linalool
67trace(E)- linalool oxide
68trace(Z)- linalool oxide
59tracepara- menth-1-en-9-yl acetate
610.03para-menth-1,8(10)-dien-9-yl acetate
350.01para- mentha-1,8(10)-dien-9-ol
47trace  methyl heptenone
41.00  myrcene
560.03  neryl acetate
39trace  nonanal
550.01  nonyl acetate
500.03  nootkatone
19trace  octanal
530.03  octyl acetate
26trace  pentanol
250.012- pentanol
24trace3- pentanol
45trace  perillaldehyde
630.01  perillyl acetate
66trace  phenol
10.64alpha- pinene
20.16beta- pinene
30.24  sabinene
17tracealpha- selinene
16tracebeta- selinene
280.03  terpinen-4-ol
50.41alpha- terpinene
74.80gamma- terpinene
300.21alpha- terpineol
90.13  terpinolene
64trace  thymol
410.01  undecanal
21trace  undecane
58trace  undecyl acetate

I. Yajima, T. Yanai, M. Nakamum, H. Sakakibara and K. Hayashi, Composition of the Volatiles of Peel Oil and Juice from Citrus unshiu, Agric. BioI. Chem., 43, 259-264 (1979).

P&F 12, No. 3, 58, (1987)

citrus x bergamia peel oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
230.28alpha- bergamotene
310.33delta- cadinene
20.02  camphene
240.05  citronellyl acetate
140.35para- cymene
200.04  decanal
301.432,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadien-1-ol + beta-bisabolene
260.07(Z)-beta- farnesene
340.04  geraniol
320.24  geranyl acetate
30.02  hexanal
100.01(E)-2- hexenal
832.28  limonene
2116.27  linalool
2237.39  linalyl acetate
170.016- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
280.05gamma- muurolene
60.78  myrcene
250.36  neral
330.03  nerol
290.02  neryl acetate
180.02  nonanal
130.14(E)-beta- ocimene
110.02(Z)-beta- ocimene
160.03  octanal
190.09  octyl acetate
90.15beta- phellandrene
10.81alpha- pinene
43.02beta- pinene
50.55  sabinene
70.07alpha- terpinene
124.12gamma- terpinene
270.18alpha-terpineol + alpha-terpinyl acetate
150.18  terpinolene

K. H. C. Baser, T. Ozek and M. Tutas, Composition of cold-pressed bergamot oil from Turkey. J. Essent. Oil Res., 7, 341-342 (1995).

P&F 24, No. 5, 45, (1999)

citrus x latifolia oil expressed
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.8alpha- bergamotene
52trace(E)-alpha- bisabolene
480.8beta- bisabolene
68tracealpha- bisabolol
25trace  borneol
32trace  bornyl acetate
690.1alpha- cadinol
30.1  camphene
6tracedelta-3- carene
350.3beta- caryophyllene
73trace  cinnamic alcohol
220.1  citronellal
40trace  citronellyl acetate
19tracealpha- cubebene
27tracebeta- cubebene
150.1para- cymene
240.1  decanal
72trace  decanoic acid
61trace(E)-2- dodecen-1-ol
340.1beta- elemene
210.1delta- elemene
37tracegamma- elemene
67tracegamma- eudesmol
500.2(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
410.1(E)-beta- farnesene
71trace(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
492.3  geranial
58trace  geraniol
511.0  geranyl acetate
45trace  geranyl formate
560.1  germacrene B
460.1  germacrene D
70trace  heptadecanal
650.1  hexadecanal
42tracealpha- humulene
1052.2  limonene
260.2  linalool
30trace  linalyl acetate
59tracepara- mentha-1,8-dien-10-yl acetate
38trace(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
71.3  myrcene
431.2  neral
62trace(E)- nerolidol
471.4  neryl acetate
18trace  nonanal
310.1  nonyl acetate
14trace(E)-beta- ocimene
12trace(Z)-beta- ocimene
74trace  octadecanal
17trace  octanal
29trace  octanol
23trace  pentadecane
54trace  perillaldehyde
60trace  perillyl acetate
8tracealpha- phellandrene
11tracebeta- phellandrene
53tracebeta-sesqui phellandrene
23.2alpha- pinene
413.0beta- pinene
57traceiso piperitenone
52.0  sabinene
200.1(E)- sabinene hydrate
280.1(Z)- sabinene hydrate
39tracebeta- santalene
64trace  spathulenol
90.3alpha- terpinene
1317.0gamma- terpinene
440.4alpha- terpineol
160.7  terpinolene
55trace  tetradecanal
1tracealpha- thujene
66trace  thymol
36trace  undecanal
75trace  undecanoic acid
63trace  viridiflorol

S. M. Njoroge, H. Ueda, H. Kusunose and M. Sawamura, Japanese sour citrus fruits Part IV. Volatile compounds of Naaoshichi and Tahiti lime essential oils. Flav. Fragr. J., 11, 25-29 (1996).

P&F 24, No. 2, 35, (1999)

conyza canadensis (l.) cronq. oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
56trace  anthracene
55trace  benzyl benzoate
327.00(E)-alpha- bergamotene
29trace(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
510.30(Z)-(E)-alpha-bergamotol
440.20beta- bisabolene
530.40alpha- bisabolol
450.10delta- cadinene
2trace  camphene
210.80trans- carveol
230.30cis- carveol
241.10  carvone
26tracetrans- carvyl acetate
300.20beta- caryophyllene
490.70  caryophyllene oxide
270.10alpha- copaene
280.10beta- cubebene
362.20ar- curcumene
20trace  decanal
180.20  dihydrocarveol
16trace(E)- dihydrocarvone
470.201,5-epoxysalvial-4(14)-en-1-one
390.90(E)-beta- farnesene
330.60(Z)-beta- farnesene
430.20alpha- farnesene
31trace  geranyl acetone
380.70  germacrene D
52trace  gossonorol
340.10alpha- humulene
35trace(E)-beta- ionone
370.30(Z)- lachnophyllum ester
670.00  limonene
120.30(E)- limonene oxide
90.10  linalool
402.40(Z,Z)- matricaria ester
150.20(E)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
220.10(Z)-para- mentha-1(7),8-dien-2-ol
100.60(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
110.70(Z)-para-mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
13tracepara- methyl acetophenone
500.40  mint ketone (salvial-4(14)-en-1-one)
420.10alpha- muurolene
51.20  myrcene
460.30(E)- nerolidol
8trace  nonanal
140.10  nonanol
71.30(E)-beta- ocimene
540.20  octadecanal
250.10  perillaldehyde
10.20alpha- pinene
40.80beta- pinene
190.40(Z)- piperitol
3trace  sabinene
480.20  spathulenol
17tracealpha- terpineol
410.20  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 781, (2000)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
140.30  borneol
30.20  camphene
138.90  camphor
80.101,8- cineole
72.60para- cymene
182.30  geraniol
191.70  geranyl acetate
91.40  limonene
1267.50  linalool
150.30(E)- linalool oxide
110.30(Z)- linalool oxide
50.6  myrcene
170.10  nerol
21.80alpha- pinene
40.30beta- pinene
6<0.10alpha- terpinene
104.50gamma- terpinene
160.40alpha- terpineol
1<0.10alpha- thujene
F. Chialva, G. Gabri, P. A. P. Liddle and F. Ulian, Quantitative evaluation of aromatic herbs by direct headspace (GC)2 analysis Application of the method and composition with the traditional analysis of essential oils, In: Aromatic plants, basic and applied aspects, Edits., N. Margaris, A. Koedam and D. Vokou, pp. 183-195, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, The Hague (1982). P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)
coriandrum sativum fruit oil cuba
#%LeftshiftComponents
300.04  bicyclogermacrene
161.55  borneol
20.21  camphene
155.83  camphor
280.16beta- caryophyllene
211.23 citronellol + nerol
70.90para- cymene
200.15  decanal
310.45  dillapiole
270.20  dodecanal
230.13  geranial
226.97  geraniol
264.96  geranyl acetate
335.82  hexadecanoic acid
81.55  limonene
1454.57  linalool
120.18(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
50.65  myrcene
190.16  myrtenal
250.19  neryl acetate
100.09(E)-beta- ocimene
340.20 octadecenoic acid
90.04beta- phellandrene
11.14alpha- pinene
40.21beta- pinene
30.14  sabinene
171.38  terpinen-4-ol
60.02alpha- terpinene
114.08gamma- terpinene
182.32alpha- terpineol
130.53  terpinolene
290.18  tetradecanal
320.57  tetradecanoic acid
240.10  undecanal

J. A. Pino, A. Rosado and V. Fuentes, Chemical composition of seed oil of Coriandrum sativum L. from Cuba. J. Essent. Oil Res., 8, 97-98 (1996).

P&F 22, No. 1, 49, (1997)

couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
10.40  benzaldehyde
360.10  docosane
150.10  dodecane
2218.90  eugenol
240.10(E,E)-alpha- farnesene
2916.10(E,E)- farnesol
301.80(E,Z)- farnesol
271.50(Z,E)-2,6- farnesol
281.00(Z,Z)- farnesol
320.10(E,E)- farnesyl acetate
190.60  geranial
188.10  geraniol
230.40  geranyl acetate
351.60  heneicosane
330.20  hexadecanol
260.10(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl benzoate
200.20  indole
30.30  limonene
821.50  linalool
60.30(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
210.10  methyl geranate
130.50  methyl salicylate
20.20  myrcene
310.40  myristic acid
170.40  neral
165.50  nerol
250.20(E)- nerolidol
90.90  nonanal
40.40(E)-beta- ocimene
100.10  octane thiol
50.20(E)-2- octen-1-al
343.50  palmitic acid
120.10  terpinen-4-ol
144.20alpha- terpineol
70.20  terpinolene
371.70  tricosane
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 2, 163, (2000)
crithmum maritimum oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
53<0.10(E)-alpha- bergamotol
26<0.10  bornyl formate
5<0.10delta-3- carene
540.10  carvacrol
45<0.10trans- carveol
57<0.10 caryophylla-2(12),6(13)-dien-5a-ol
46<0.10para- cymen-8-ol
125.30para- cymene
44<0.10beta- damascenone
320.10(E)-2- decenal
41<0.10neo dihydrocarveol
58<0.10  dillapiole
16<0.10alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
550.10  elemicin
400.10(Z)-1,2-epoxyterpinen-4-ol
19<0.104,8- epoxyterpinolene
36<0.10  limonen-4-ol
824.20  limonene
17<0.10(Z)-1,2- limonene epoxide
21<0.10  linalool
240.70(E)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
310.40(Z)-para- menth-2-en-1-ol
50<0.10(Z)-para-menth-3-en-1,2-diol
48<0.10para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-ol
33<0.10(E)-para- mentha-2,8-dien-1-ol
520.20para- methoxypropiophenone
29<0.10  methyl carvacrol
343.40  methyl chavicol
47<0.10  methyl eugenol
250.30  methyl isothymol
270.30  methyl thymol
30<0.102- methyl-6-methylene-3,7-octadien-2-ol
61.60  myrcene
56<0.10  myristicin
370.10  myrtenyl acetate
15<0.10  nonanal
200.10(E)-2- nonenal
100.30(Z)-beta- ocimene
14<0.10  octanal
23<0.10  octanol
90.30beta- phellandrene
59<0.10  phytol
10.70alpha- pinene
30.20beta- pinene
350.20(E)- piperitol
430.40(Z)- piperitol
42<0.10  piperitone
426.90  sabinene
180.90(E)- sabinene hydrate
220.60(Z)- sabinene hydrate
490.30  spathulenol
289.00  terpinen-4-ol
71.40alpha- terpinene
1119.30gamma- terpinene
380.40alpha- terpineol
130.70  terpinolene
39<0.10alpha- terpinyl acetate
20.30alpha- thujene
51<0.10  thymol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 4, 424, (2000)
croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil
#%LeftshiftComponents
330.30  aromadendrene
350.40allo- aromadendrene
382.20  bicyclogermacrene
480.40alpha- bisabolol
14trace  borneol
22trace  bornyl acetate
292.00beta- bourbonene
400.20alpha- bulnesene
411.20gamma- cadinene
30.10  camphene
316.90beta- caryophyllene
451.80  caryophyllene oxide
81.101,8-cineole + limonene
280.50alpha- copaene
25tracealpha- cubebene
70.20para- cymene
300.70beta- elemene
230.30delta- elemene
190.20  geraniol
26trace  geranyl acetate
422.10  germacrene B
374.00  germacrene D
321.30beta- gurjunene
16trace(Z)-3- hexen-1-yl butyrate
341.40alpha- humulene
1341.20  linalool
12trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
11trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
200.30  linalyl acetate
270.90  longicyclene
360.20(Z)- muurola-4(14),5-diene
391.20alpha- muurolene
471.10epi-alpha- muurolol
6trace  myrcene
18trace  nerol
4312.60(E)- nerolidol
24trace  neryl acetate
90.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
20.60alpha- pinene
50.10beta- pinene
40.20  sabinene
442.00  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
10tracegamma- terpinene
170.60alpha- terpineol
1tracealpha- thujene
210.10  thymol
460.60  viridiflorol
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 705, (2000)
croton eluteria bark oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
800.01  amyl benzoate
330.28allo- aromadendrene
129tracealpha- bisabolol
126tracebeta- bisabolol
1010.94  borneol
550.22  cadalene
460.42delta- cadinene
440.17gamma- cadinene
1231.00T- cadinol
470.96alpha- calacorene
490.24beta- calacorene
450.11  calamenene
40.40  camphene
630.02  camphor
100.21delta-2- carene
1130.02  carvacrol
110trace  carvenone
1080.08trans- carveol
670.03  carvone
680.21  carvotan acetone
320.25beta- caryophyllene
870.67 caryophyllene oxide + dihydro-ar-bisabolol
860.32 cascarilla epoxide
890.08 cascarilla furan
1331.34 cascarilla hydroxyketone
920.01 cascarilla hydroxyketone
930.02 cascarilla lactone
274.62  cascarilladiene
901.28 cascarilladienone
1370.74  cascarillone
1211.78beta-cedren-10-ol
281.11beta-cedrene isomer
1180.07  cedrol
430.20alpha- chamigrene
360.11beta- chamigrene
600.281,8- cineole
480.09 compound k
500.23 compound l
510.07 compound m
520.14 compound n
530.01 compound o
540.07 compound p
740.02 compound q
770.73 compound r
1270.38 compound t
1280.18 compound u
1350.06 compound v
1384.30 compound w
250.39alpha- copaene
230.04alpha- cubebene
370.21beta- cubebene
660.05  cuminaldehyde
422.45 cuparene + alpha-muurolene
1341.88 cuparophenol
350.39ar- curcumene
240.53  cyclosativene
1020.28para- cymen-8-ol
119.91para- cymene
650.062- decanone
1310.86 dictyopterol 1A
1320.43 dictyopterol 1B
1300.513,4-dihydro-6-methyl-4-isopropyl-1(2H)-naphthalenone
79trace2,5-dimethoxy-meta-cymene
200.012,5- dimethoxytoluene (fennelone)
160.16alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
1191.286,7-dimethyl undeca-5,9-dien-2-ol
340.731,11-oxido calamenene
261.63beta- elemene
410.31gamma- elemene
1140.56  elemicin
1150.51beta- elemol
1243.03beta- eudesmol
310.07(E)-beta- farnesene
970.01alpha- fenchyl alcohol
1360.35 geran-9-yl-alpha-terpineol
812.18  geranyl acetone
290.07  germacrene D
120trace  guaiol
57trace2- heptanol
560.012- heptanone
1trace2,4- hexadien-1-al
880.28 humulene epoxide isomer
1250.71  intermedeol
120.94 limonene + 1,8-cineole
965.12  linalool
940.09  linalool oxide
690.02  linalyl acetate
390.01beta- maaliene
980.04para-menth-2-en-1-ol
111tracepara- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
640.02para- methyl acetophenone
80.02ortho- methyl anisole
820.053- methyl but-2-enyl benzoate
220.02  methyl carvacrol
760.05 methyl cascarillate
190.01  methyl chavicol
780.22  methyl eugenol
580.036- methyl heptan-2-one
210.02  methyl thymol
590.026- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
180.095-methyl-5-hexyl furan
70.64  myrcene
1050.17  myrtenol
1160.05  nerolidol
950.022- nonanol
610.182- nonanone
140.01(E)-beta- ocimene
130.01(Z)-beta- ocimene
700.05  phellandral
90.13alpha- phellandrene
32.59alpha- pinene
60.35beta- pinene
990.17  pinocarveol
1070.10  piperitol
840.03  prenyl benzoate
910.094-iso propyl-6-methyl tetral-1-one
50.09  sabinene
109trace  sabinol
380.58beta- selinene
1170.70  spathulenol
1031.70  terpinen-4-ol
73trace  terpinen-4-yl acetate
150.60gamma- terpinene
1041.10alpha- terpineol
100tracebeta- terpineol
170.07  terpinolene
750.16alpha- terpinyl acetate
22.11alpha- thujene
620.14alpha- thujone
300.23  thujopsene
112trace  thymol
1220.77  torilenol
85trace2- tridecanone
830.15(Z)-5-tridecen-2-one
710.295,8-undecadien-2-one + (Z)-5-undecen-2-one
720.312- undecanone
400.18  valencene
1060.11  verbenone

M. L. Hagedorn and S. M. Brown, The constituents of Cascarilla oil (Croton eluteria Bennett) Flav. Fragr. J., 6, 193-204 (1991).

P&F 18, No. 6, 53, (1993)

croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao
#%LeftshiftComponents
470.30allo- aromadendrene
241.20  borneol
320.20  bornyl acetate
280.50  bornyl formate
390.30beta- bourbonene
511.20delta- cadinene
41.70  camphene
220.30  camphene hydrate
19tracealpha- campholenal
20trace  camphor
449.30iso caryophyllene
110.101,8- cineole
380.60alpha- copaene
360.20alpha- cubebene
487.90ar- curcumene
101.70para- cymene
420.50  cyperene
270.102- decanone
430.202,6- dimethoxy-para-cymene
40trace2- dodecanone
410.80beta- elemene
350.30delta- elemene
490.30  germacrene D
450.80alpha- gurjunene
461.50alpha- humulene
121.30  limonene
180.40  linalool
16trace(E)- linalool oxide furanoid
15trace(Z)- linalool oxide furanoid
370.20  longicyclene
8trace4- methyl anisole
300.10  methyl carvacrol
29trace  methyl thymol
70.60  myrcene
520.40(E)- nerolidol
130.20(Z)-beta- ocimene
91.50alpha- phellandrene
316.00alpha- pinene
60.70beta- pinene
21.020trans- pinocarveol
230.10  pinocarvone
50.20  sabinene
534.50  spathulenol
250.10  terpinen-4-ol
140.20gamma- terpinene
260.10alpha- terpineol
17trace  terpinolene
20.30alpha- thujene
34trace  thymol
10.20  tricyclene
500.302- tridecanone
330.502- undecanone
310.60trans- verbenyl acetate
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 12, No. 6, 667, (2000)
cuminum cyminum fruit oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
200.31(E)-alpha- bergamotene
3trace  camphene
190.20beta- caryophyllene
1625.01  cuminaldehyde
84.91para- cymene
100.37  limonene
143.83para- menth-3-en-7-al
185.84para- mentha-1,3-dien-7-al
1717.36para- mentha-1,4-dien-7-al
60.92  myrcene
70.63alpha- phellandrene
90.30beta- phellandrene
20.78alpha- pinene
514.64beta- pinene
40.40  sabinene
130.16  terpinen-4-ol
1119.12gamma- terpinene
150.05alpha- terpineol
120.11  terpinolene
10.28alpha- thujene

N. A. Shaath and N. R. Azzo, Essential oils of Egypt, In Food Flavors, Ingredients and Compositlon. Edit., G. Charalambous, pp 591-603, Elsevier Sci, Publ. BV, Amsterdam (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

cuminum cyminum fruit oil turkey
#%LeftshiftComponents
17trace  benzyl cinnamate
100.2  bornyl acetate
110.1beta- caryophyllene
50.41,8- cineole
1518.7  cuminaldehyde
825.2para- cymene
60.3  limonene
9trace  linalool
13trace  methyl chavicol
31.5  myrcene
162.4  perillaldehyde
40.2alpha- phellandrene
11.2alpha- pinene
219.9beta- pinene
12trace  terpinen-4-ol
729.1gamma- terpinene
14tracealpha- terpineol

P. Borges and J. Pino, The isolation of volatile oil from cumin seeds by steam distillation. Nahrung, 2, 123-126 (1993).

P&F 20, No. 1, 47, (1995)

cupressus sempervirens cone oil egypt
#%LeftshiftComponents
280.3  borneol
370.4  bornyl acetate
200.2delta- cadinene
250.2alpha- cadinol
240.2T- cadinol
819.0delta-3- carene
340.3  carveol
35trace  carvone
410.2beta- caryophyllene
210.1  caryophyllene oxide
400.2alpha- cedrene
223.3  cedrol
230.16-isocedrol
39tracealpha- copaene
460.1para- cymen-8-ol
450.1ortho- cymene
100.4para-cymenel
140.6alpha-para- dimethyl styrene
31.8alpha- fenchene
160.2alpha- fenchyl alcohol
44trace  germacrene D
420.1alpha- humulene
122.5  limonene
360.2  methyl carvacrol
63.0  myrcene
300.1  myrtenal
320.1  myrtenol
7tracealpha- phellandrene
110.4beta- phellandrene
248.2alpha- pinene
51.4beta- pinene
180.1  pinocamphone
170.6trans- pinocarveol
190.3  pinocarvone
4trace  sabinene
43tracebeta- selinene
291.6  terpinen-4-ol
90.4alpha- terpinene
130.8gamma- terpinene
312.2alpha- terpineol
270.3delta- terpineol
153.9  terpinolene
382.2alpha- terpinyl acetate
470.6delta- terpinyl acetate
10.1  tricyclene
260.1  umbellulone
330.9  verbenone

F. F. Kassem, F. M. Harmz, N. A. El-Sebakhy, H. L. DePooter, N. M. Schamp and H, About-Shleib. Composition of the essential oil of Egyptian Cupressus sempervirens L. cones. Flav. Frag J., 6, 205-207 (1991).

P&F 20, No. 4, 29, (1995)

curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil
#%LeftshiftComponents
120.20alpha- bergamotene
250.50beta- bisabolol
181.30  borneol
164.50iso borneol
21.70  camphene
911.20  camphor
140.20beta- caryophyllene
230.50  caryophyllene oxide
66.001,8- cineole
2111.20beta- curcumene
2228.10ar- curcumene
267.10  curzerenone
132.80beta- elemene
80.20delta- elemene
240.30  germacrone
50.40  limonene
100.40  linalool
40.20  myrcene
70.102- nonanone
10.40alpha- pinene
30.60beta- pinene
190.60beta- selinene
200.50alpha- selinene
280.30  spathulenol
150.20  terpinen-4-ol
170.80alpha- terpineol
270.20  zerumbone
111.40  zingiberene
J. of Ess. Oil Res. 13, No. 1, 63, (2001)
curcuma longa rhizome oil
hydrodistillation
#%LeftshiftComponents
 0.25alpha- pinene
 0.02beta- pinene
 0.21  sabinene
 0.26  myrcene
 0.20alpha- terpinene
 2.72  limonene
 1.09para- cymene
 0.55iso caryophyllene
 0.50beta- caryophyllene
 0.96beta- farnesene
 0.16  linalool
 0.36ar- curcumene
 0.17  perillyl alcohol
 1.54  neral
 1.13  geraniol
 1.08  eugenol
 0.81beta- ionone
 1.37iso eugenol
 3.63 turmerone
 59.69ar-turmerone
 1.92  methyl isoeugenol
 0.14  farnesol
curcuma longa root oil hydrodistilled
#%LeftshiftComponents
90.50beta- caryophyllene
80.55iso caryophyllene
120.36ar- curcumene
71.09para- cymene
161.08  eugenol
181.37iso eugenol
100.96beta- farnesene
220.14  farnesol
151.13  geraniol
170.81beta- ionone
62.72  limonene
110.16  linalool
211.92  methyl isoeugenol
40.26  myrcene
141.54  neral
130.17  perillyl alcohol
10.25alpha- pinene
20.02beta- pinene
30.21  sabinene
50.20alpha- terpinene
193.63 turmerone
2059.69ar- turmerone

M. C. Nigam and A. Ahmed, Curcuma longa: terpenoid composition of its essential oil. Indian Perfum., 3, 255-257 (1991)

P&F 25, No. 6, 32, (2000)

cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. leaf oil ivory coast
#%LeftshiftComponents
130.60-0.80(Z)-alpha- bergamotene
12trace-0.10  bornyl acetate
160.40-0.60gamma- cadinene
270.30-0.40alpha- cadinol
4trace-0.101,8- cineole
9trace-0.10  citronellal
180.10-0.20  citronellol
210.20-0.70  elemol
250.10alpha- eudesmol
260.10-0.20beta- eudesmol
70.40 geigerene
1530.50-34.00  geranial
206.20-7.70  geraniol
172.10-3.50  geranyl acetate
220.10-0.20  germacrene D-4-ol
3trace  limonene
101.20-1.30  linalool
82.40-2.506- methyl-5-hepten-2-one
240.10-0.20T- muurolol
230.10alpha- muurolol
218.10-22.60  myrcene
1423.60-26.30  neral
190.10  nerol
50.30-0.40(Z)-beta- ocimene
60.10-0.30(E)-beta- ocimene
10.20-0.30  sabinene