EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
BT
 

lauric acid
N-dodecanoic acid

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name: dodecanoic acid
CAS Number: 143-07-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 205-582-1
FDA UNII: 1160N9NU9U
Nikkaji Web: J2.548H
Beilstein Number: 1099477
MDL: MFCD00002736
CoE Number: 12
XlogP3: 4.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 200.32168000
Formula: C12 H24 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: myristic acid 3.00% to 6.00%
 decanoic acid 2.00% to 5.00%
 palmitic acid 1.00% to 2.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
At least 90%; secondary components 3-6% tetradecanoic acid; 2-5% decanoic acid; 1-2% hexadecanoic acid. (JECFA)
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 111 lauric acid
Flavis Number: 08.012 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 08.012 dodecanoic acid
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: dodecanoic acid
FEMA Number: 2614 lauric acid
FDA Mainterm: LAURIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.210 Coatings on fresh citrus fruit.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.860 Fatty acids.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white to pale yellow waxy crystalline solid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Water Content: <0.20%
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 45.00 to 48.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 225.00 °C. @ 100.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 252.00 to 287.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: 26.00 to 44.00 °C.
Saponification Value: 253.00 to 287.00
Unsaponifiable Matter: <0.30%
Vapor Pressure: 0.001000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 6.91 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 329.00 °F. TCC ( 165.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.600
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 chloroform
 ether
 water, 12.76 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 4.81 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fatty
Odor Strength: medium
Substantivity: > 336 hour(s) at 100.00 %
 fatty coconut bay
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %.
mild fatty coconut bay oil
Luebke, William tgsc, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
LAURIC ACID (NATURAL) ≥98.0%, Kosher
Odor Description: mild fatty
Can Be used in coconut and other applications for a fatty note.
Taste Description: Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors, tallow and lard type flavors.
Frutarom
NATURAL LAURIC ACID ≥99.00%, natural, Kosher
Odor Description: Coconut, Fatty, Waxy
Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Butter, Cheese, Meat, Strawberry
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: cleansing agents
emulsifying agents
surfactants
 
Suppliers:
Acme Synthetic Chemicals
Lauric Acid 98%
Acme-Hardesty
Lauric Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Emulsifier, Anionic and Nonionic Surfactants, Lubricant and Process Agent, Base in the Production of Liquid and Transparent Soaps.
Advanced Biotech
LAURIC ACID NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Fatty
Advanced Biotech
LAURIC ACID SYNTHETIC
98% min.
Odor: Fatty
Allan Chemical
Lauric Acid
Augustus Oils
Lauric Acid
Services
Aurochemicals
LAURIC ACID, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
LAURIC ACID Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
LAURIC ACID (NATURAL)
≥98.0%, Kosher
Odor: mild fatty
Use: Can Be used in coconut and other applications for a fatty note.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors, tallow and lard type flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Lauric Acid
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
LAURIC ACID (NATURAL) 98.0%
Carbosynth
For experimental / research use only.
Dodecanoic acid
Charkit Chemical
LAURIC ACID FEMA 2614
Charkit Chemical
LAURIC ACID NATURAL N8050 FEMA 2614
Charkit Chemical
LAURIC ACID
Diffusions Aromatiques
ACIDE C12 LAURIQUE
Ernesto Ventós
LAURIC ACID
Odor: FATTY, WAXY, WEAK
Excellentia International
Lauric Acid Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Lauric Acid
Fleurchem
lauric acid natural
Frutarom
NATURAL LAURIC ACID
≥99.00%, natural, Kosher
Odor: Coconut, Fatty, Waxy
Use: Suggested Uses: Alcoholic Beverages, Butter, Cheese, Meat, Strawberry
Grau Aromatics
LAURIC ACID
Kao Corporation
LUNAC L-70
Odor: characteristic
Use: Esters, Fatty Amines, Soaps, Paints, Textile Processing Agents, etc.
Kao Corporation
LUNAC L-85
Kao Corporation
LUNAC L-98
Odor: characteristic
Use: Natural fatty acids "LUNAC" refined products. Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals use: Oil base for creams, lotions, lipsticks, powders, skin ointments, face cleaners, body shampoos, soaps etc,.
Kraft Chemical
Lauric Acid
Lluch Essence
LAURIC ACID FLAKES
Lluch Essence
LAURIC ACID NATURAL
Lluch Essence
LAURIC ACID POWDER
Mosselman
Lauric Acid 98%
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Lauric Acid 98.0 % (min)
Natural
Odor: mild fatty coconut bay oil
Oleo Solutions
Edenor C12-99 MY
Odor: characteristic
Use: Flavours and Fragrances, Cosmetics and Personal Care, Industrial, Inks and Coatings
Penta International
LAURIC ACID FCC, Kosher, Halal
Penta International
LAURIC ACID FINE POWDER 50 MESH, Kosher, Halal
Penta International
LAURIC ACID, Kosher, Halal
Penta International
LAURIC ACID, NATURAL & KOSHER, Halal
PerfumersWorld
Lauric Acid
Prodasynth
LAURIC ACID, NATURAL >98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lauric acid, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: fatty
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Lauric acid, natural, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Odor: fatty
SRS Aromatics
LAURIC ACID
SysKem Chemie
Lauric Acid
Taytonn
Natural Lauric Acid
Odor: Fatty, Fruity, Waxy
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Lauric Acid >98.0%(GC)(T)
Treatt
Lauric Acid
Vigon International
Lauric Acid
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 12000 mg/kg
Food & Drug Research Laboratories, Inc., Papers. Vol. 123, Pg. -, 1976.

intravenous-mouse LD50 131 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 18, Pg. 141, 1961.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for lauric acid usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 12
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -39.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -15.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: -315.00000
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -16.00000
fruit ices: -16.00000
gelatins / puddings: -25.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -2.40000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 6, Revision 1 (FGE.06Rev1) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 7, Revision 2 (FGE.07Rev2) : Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
Re-evaluation of fatty acids (E 570) as a food additive
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Daily Med: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 143-07-7
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 3893
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 dodecanoic acid
Chemidplus: 0000143077
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: OE9800000 for cas# 143-07-7
 
References:
 dodecanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 143-07-7
Pubchem (cid): 3893
Pubchem (sid): 134973590
Flavornet: 143-07-7
Pherobase: View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C02679
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB00638
FooDB: FDB003010
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00678
Export Tariff Code: 2915.90.0000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
grade: 99.8% pure, technical, food chemicals codex
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
coconut
(R)-gamma-
nonalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
delta-
octalactone
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
butter esters
FL/FR
butyl stearate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
decane nitrile
FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonenal
CS
octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
perilla seed oil
FL/FR
sorbitan oleate
CS
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
jasmin absolute (from chassis)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin concrete
FR
jasmin concrete morocco
FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
green
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
hay
white
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
soapy
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
tonka
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
tropical
glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoate
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoate
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
palmitic acid
FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
butyl stearate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
elecampane root absolute
FL
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
(R)-gamma-
nonalactone
FL/FR
perilla seed oil
FL/FR
bitter
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
coconut
delta-
octalactone
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
butter esters
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydecanoate
FL/FR
glyceryl 5-hydroxydodecanoate
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
ethereal
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
dimethyl sulfoxide
FL
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
2-
heptyl furan
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
floral
jasmin absolute (from chassis)
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenoic acid
FL
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
green
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
violet leaf absolute
FL/FR
hay
white
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
octalactone
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
waxy
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
octyl 2-furoate
FL
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 bayFL/FR
 beer 
 butterFR
 cheese cheddar cheese 
 cheese swiss cheese 
 coconutFR
 emulsifying agents 
 strawberryFR
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond seed
Search Trop Picture
 ambrette seed concrete @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 apple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop Picture
 baboonwood seed
Search Trop Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop Picture
 banana plant
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel berry oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bean banner bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 buckwheat pollen
Search Trop Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop Picture
 butter
Search PMC Picture
 camphor oil
Search Trop Picture
 caninha
Search PMC Picture
 cantaloupe seed
Search Trop Picture
 caper plant
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop Picture
 cashew nut
Search Trop Picture
 cassava root
Search Trop Picture
 cayenne sap
Search Trop Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop Picture
 cheese cheddar cheese
Search PMC Picture
 cheese swiss cheese
Search PMC Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon seed
Search Trop Picture
 cistus oil @ 2.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coconut endosperm
Search Trop Picture
 coconut seed
Search Trop Picture
 dandelion pollen
Search Trop Picture
 date palm seed
Search Trop Picture
 dialium guineense wild.fruit oil france @ 10.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop Picture
 elder black elder flower
Search Trop Picture
 elder black elder seed
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop Picture
 ginger root
Search Trop Picture
 ginkgo biloba pollen
Search Trop Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) leaf oil india @ 9.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 11.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop Picture
 lupin white lupin seed
Search Trop Picture
 lupine white lupine seed
Search Trop Picture
 macadamia nut
Search Trop Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop Picture
 mandarin seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop Picture
 marjoram wild marjoram plant
Search Trop Picture
 melon bitter melon fruit
Search Trop Picture
 melon bitter melon seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 mustard white mustard
Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 papaya flower
Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 papaya leaf
Search Trop Picture
 papaya seed
Search Trop Picture
 papaya seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 peanut plant
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper seed
Search Trop Picture
 plum seed
Search Trop Picture
 poppy opium poppy seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 potato tuber
Search Trop Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop Picture
 safflower seed
Search Trop Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop Picture
 squash summer squash fruit
Search Trop Picture
 star fruit oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 2.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tamarind seed
Search Trop Picture
 tamarind seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 tea seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop Picture
 walnut black walnut nut oil
Search Trop Picture
 watermelon seed
Search Trop Picture
 wheat seed
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 acide laurique
 dodecanoic acid
N-dodecanoic acid
 dodecoic acid
 dodecylate
 dodecylic acid
 duodecylic acid
 edenor C 1298-100
 kortacid 1299
 lauric acid (natural)
 lauric acid FCC
 lauric acid fine powder 50 mesh
 lauric acid natural
 lauric acid synthetic
 laurostearic acid
 lauroyl alcohol
 lunac L 70
 lunac L 98
 nissan NAA 122
 philacid 1200
 prifac 2920
1-undecane carboxylic acid
1-undecanecarboxylate
 univol U 314
 

Articles:

Info: Lauric Acid
PubMed: Application of a statistically enhanced, novel, organic solvent stable lipase from Bacillus safensis DVL-43.
PubMed: Designer laying hen diets to improve egg fatty acid profile and maintain sensory quality.
PubMed: Physicochemical and sensory properties of ice-cream formulated with virgin coconut oil.
PubMed: Optimal formation of hexyl laurate by Lipozyme IM-77 in solvent-free system.
PubMed: Safety assessment of myristic acid as a food ingredient.
PubMed: The primate amygdala: Neuronal representations of the viscosity, fat texture, temperature, grittiness and taste of foods.
PubMed: Production of gamma-lactones by the brown-rot basidiomycete Piptoporus soloniensis.
PubMed: Genetic engineering of foods to reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer.
PubMed: Lauric acid in crown daisy root exudate potently regulates root-knot nematode chemotaxis and disrupts Mi-flp-18 expression to block infection.
PubMed: Blend-modification of soy protein/lauric acid edible films using polysaccharides.
PubMed: The effect of diesters and lauric acid on rheological properties of air/water interfaces stabilized by oligofructose lauric acid monoesters.
PubMed: Lauroyl-L-aspartate decreased food intake and body temperature in neonatal chicks.
PubMed: A model to predict the ATP equivalents of macronutrients absorbed from food.
PubMed: Link between lipid metabolism and voluntary food intake in rainbow trout fed coconut oil rich in medium-chain TAG.
PubMed: Bacterial flora of processed broiler chicken skin after successive washings in mixtures of potassium hydroxide and lauric acid.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of potassium hydroxide and lauric acid against microorganisms associated with poultry processing.
PubMed: Effect of alpha-linolenic, capric and lauric acid on the fatty acid biosynthesis in Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Identification and determination of carboxylic acids in food samples using 2-(2-(anthracen-10-yl)-1H-phenanthro[9,10-d]imidazol-1-yl)ethyl 4-methylbenzenesulfonate (APIETS) as labeling reagent by HPLC with FLD and APCI/MS.
PubMed: Antilisterial activity of lactose monolaurate in milk, drinkable yogurt and cottage cheese.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of mono-, di-, and triglycerides in multiphase systems by online Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
PubMed: Solvent-free enzymatic synthesis of 1, 3-Diacylglycerols by direct esterification of glycerol with saturated fatty acids.
PubMed: Effect of lauric acid and nisin-impregnated soy-based films on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes on turkey bologna.
PubMed: Two-step method of enzymatic synthesis of starch laurate in ionic liquids.
PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of corn zein films impregnated with nisin, lauric acid, and EDTA.
PubMed: Consumption of a solid fat rich in lauric acid results in a more favorable serum lipid profile in healthy men and women than consumption of a solid fat rich in trans-fatty acids.
PubMed: Improvement of medium chain fatty acid content and antimicrobial activity of coconut oil via solid-state fermentation using a Malaysian Geotrichum candidum.
PubMed: Dietary nutrients associated with short and long sleep duration. Data from a nationally representative sample.
PubMed: Design of bioavailable derivatives of 12-(3-adamantan-1-yl-ureido)dodecanoic acid, a potent inhibitor of the soluble epoxide hydrolase.
PubMed: The antimicrobial efficacy and structure activity relationship of novel carbohydrate fatty acid derivatives against Listeria spp. and food spoilage microorganisms.
PubMed: Molecular assembly, interfacial rheology and foaming properties of oligofructose fatty acid esters.
PubMed: Marked synergistic bactericidal effects and mode of action of medium-chain fatty acids in combination with organic acids against Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed: A comparison of the physicochemical properties and fatty acid composition of indaiá (Attalea dubia) and Babassu (Orbignya phalerata) oils.
PubMed: Combined effects of NaCl, NaOH, and biocides (monolaurin or lauric acid) on inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and Pseudomonas spp.
PubMed: [Changes in the content of plasma lipoproteins in persons subjected to diets prepared with sunflower oil alone or mixed with palm olein].
PubMed: Chemometric profile of root extracts of Rhodiola imbricata Edgew. with hyphenated gas chromatography mass spectrometric technique.
PubMed: Production of medium chain saturated fatty acids with enhanced antimicrobial activity from crude coconut fat by solid state cultivation of Yarrowia lipolytica.
PubMed: Confectionery coating with an electrohydrodynamic (EHD) system.
PubMed: Effects of a combination of feed additives on methane production, diet digestibility, and animal performance in lactating dairy cows.
PubMed: Comparison between the amino acid, fatty acid, mineral and nutritional quality of raw, germinated and fermented African locust bean (Parkia biglobosa) flour.
PubMed: Efficient solvent-free synthesis of phytostanyl esters in the presence of acid-surfactant-combined catalyst.
PubMed: Saturated fatty acids intake in relation to C-reactive protein, adiponectin, and leptin: a population-based study.
PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of virgin coconut oil and its medium-chain fatty acids on Clostridium difficile.
PubMed: Aroma enhancement and enzymolysis regulation of grape wine using β-glycosidase.
PubMed: Migration of nanosized layered double hydroxide platelets from polylactide nanocomposite films.
PubMed: Mechanisms mediating lipoprotein responses to diets with medium-chain triglyceride and lauric acid.
PubMed: Effect of additives on isothermal crystallization kinetics and physical characteristics of coconut oil.
PubMed: Analysis of particle-borne odorants emitted from concentrated animal feeding operations.
PubMed: Effect of oxygen on volatile and sensory characteristics of Cabernet Sauvignon during secondary shelf life.
PubMed: Chemical constituents and cytotoxic effect of the main compounds of Lythrum salicaria L.
PubMed: Purification and characterisation of antibacterial peptide-containing compound derived from palm kernel cake.
PubMed: Metabolism of (U-14C)lauric acid to methyl ketones by the spores of Penicillium roqueforti.
PubMed: Control of Listeria monocytogenes by lauric arginate on frankfurters formulated with or without lactate/diacetate.
PubMed: Characterization of medium-chain triacylglycerol (MCT)-enriched seed oil from Cinnamomum camphora (Lauraceae) and its oxidative stability.
PubMed: Mode of action of a fatty acid-based natural product to control Botrytis cinerea in grapes.
PubMed: Palm oil and blood lipid-related markers of cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis of dietary intervention trials.
PubMed: Chamaerops humilis L. var. argentea André date palm seed oil: a potential dietetic plant product.
PubMed: Defining the role of cholecystokinin in the lipid-induced human brain activation matrix.
PubMed: Designer laying hen diets to improve egg fatty acid profile and maintain sensory quality.
PubMed: Physicochemical and sensory properties of ice-cream formulated with virgin coconut oil.
PubMed: Fatty acids and bioactive compounds of the pulps and kernels of Brazilian palm species, guariroba (Syagrus oleraces), jerivá (Syagrus romanzoffiana) and macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata).
PubMed: Native carotenoids composition of some tropical fruits.
PubMed: Variability in coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) germplasm and hybrids for fatty acid profile of oil.
PubMed: The effects of saturated fatty acids on Giardia duodenalis trophozoites in vitro.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo effects of two coconut oils in comparison to monolaurin on Staphylococcus aureus: rodent studies.
PubMed: Anti-apoptotic activity of hydroxytyrosol and hydroxytyrosyl laurate.
PubMed: Enzymatic acylation of isoorientin and isovitexin from bamboo-leaf extracts with fatty acids and antiradical activity of the acylated derivatives.
PubMed: Effect of fatty acids on the β-oxidation system and thioesterase of Lactococcus lactis subspecies lactis.
PubMed: Design and synthesis of a novel fluorescent reagent, 6-oxy-(ethylpiperazine)-9-(2'-methoxycarbonyl) fluorescein, for carboxylic acids and its application in food samples using high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Synthesis of cyclopropane fatty acids in Lactobacillus helveticus and Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis and their cellular fatty acids changes following short term acid and cold stresses.
PubMed: N-acyl-homoserine lactones from Enterobacter sakazakii (Cronobacter spp.) and their degradation by Bacillus cereus enzymes.
PubMed: The role of fatty acid saturation on plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins: I. Effects of whole food diets high in cocoa butter, olive oil, soybean oil, dairy butter, and milk chocolate on the plasma lipids of young men.
PubMed: Potential misuse of an antimicrobial resulting from a miscalculation in an efficacy study.
PubMed: Resistance of nutrient-deprived Listeria monocytogenes 10403S and a DeltasigB mutant to chemical stresses in the presence or absence of oxygen.
PubMed: Saturated fat and cardiometabolic risk factors, coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes: a fresh look at the evidence.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial activity and mechanism of action of novel carbohydrate fatty acid derivatives against Staphylococcus aureus and MRSA.
PubMed: Plasma phospholipid fatty acid composition and estimated desaturase activity in heart failure patients with metabolic syndrome.
PubMed: A synergistic effect of Cu(2+) and norbixin on DNA damage.
PubMed: Metabolism and pharmacokinetics of ethyl N(alpha)-lauroyl-L-arginate hydrochloride in human volunteers.
PubMed: Beta-oxidation of medium chain (C8-C14) fatty acids studied in isolated liver cells.
PubMed: Ionic liquids as solvents for dissolution of corn starch and homogeneous synthesis of fatty-acid starch esters without catalysts.
PubMed: Field enhancement sample stacking for analysis of organic acids in traditional Chinese medicine by capillary electrophoresis.
PubMed: Effects of chitosan oligosaccharides on drug-metabolizing enzymes in rat liver and kidneys.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of mosquito (Aedes aegypti ) biting deterrent fatty acids from male inflorescences of breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg).
PubMed: Susceptibility of Clostridium perfringens to C-C fatty acids.
PubMed: Safety assessment of myristic acid as a food ingredient.
PubMed: NMR-based metabolomics reveals that conjugated double bond content and lipid storage efficiency in HepG2 cells are affected by fatty acid cis/trans configuration and chain length.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of shredded carrot extracts on food-borne bacteria and yeast.
PubMed: Antioxidant and cyclooxygenase activities of fatty acids found in food.
PubMed: Nutritional and technological characteristics of olive (Olea europea L.) fruit and oil: two varieties growing in two different locations of Turkey.
PubMed: Detecting the quality of glycerol monolaurate: a method for using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with wavelet transform and modified uninformative variable elimination.
PubMed: Effect of dietary intake on the levels of biliary unsaturated free Fatty acids having inhibitory activity on mutagens.
PubMed: Acute and chronic effects of dietary fatty acids on cholecystokinin expression, storage and secretion in enteroendocrine STC-1 cells.
PubMed: Lipase-catalyzed selective synthesis of monolauroyl maltose using continuous stirred tank reactor.
PubMed: Dairy products and plasma cholesterol levels.
PubMed: Role of Yersinia intermedia and Pseudomonas putida in the development of a fruity off-flavour in pasteurized milk.
PubMed: Efficient lipase-selective synthesis of dilauryl mannoses by simultaneous reaction-extraction system.
PubMed: Effect of capric, lauric and alpha-linolenic acids on the division time distributions of single cells of Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Behavior of Clostridium perfringens at low temperatures.
PubMed: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha controls the hepatic CYP4A induction adaptive response to starvation and diabetes.
PubMed: Effect of medium-chain fatty acids in mould ripened cheese on the growth of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Inhibition of in vitro aflatoxin B1-DNA binding in rainbow trout by CYP1A inhibitors: alpha-naphthoflavone, beta-naphthoflavone and trout CYP1A1 peptide antibody.
PubMed: Analysis of free fatty acids in beer: comparison of solid-phase extraction, solid-phase microextraction, and stir bar sorptive extraction.
PubMed: The primate amygdala: Neuronal representations of the viscosity, fat texture, temperature, grittiness and taste of foods.
PubMed: Cloning and expression of koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) liver cytochrome P450 CYP4A15.
PubMed: Inhibition of surface spoilage bacteria in processed meats by application of antimicrobial films prepared with chitosan.
PubMed: Toxicological and metabolic investigations of the safety of N-alpha-lauroyl-L-arginine ethyl ester monohydrochloride (LAE).
PubMed: Effect of fermentation temperature and culture media on the yeast lipid composition and wine volatile compounds.
PubMed: Anticaries and antiplaque potential of free-fatty acids in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed: Influence of selected fatty acids upon plaque formation and caries in the rat.
PubMed: Batatinosides II-VI, acylated lipooligosaccharides from the resin glycosides of sweet potato.
PubMed: Contaminants and levels of occurrence in washed and shredded poly(ethylene terephthalate) from curbside collection. Part 1: Extraction conditions.
PubMed: Intake and adipose tissue composition of fatty acids and risk of myocardial infarction in a male Portuguese community sample.
PubMed: Toxicology and carcinogenesis study of chloral hydrate (ad libitum and dietary controlled) (CAS no. 302-17-0) in male B6C3F1 mice (gavage study).
PubMed: Genetic engineering of foods to reduce the risk of heart disease and cancer.
PubMed: [The effect of zinc depletion on the fat content and fatty acid composition of the liver and brain in forcibly fed rats].
PubMed: Optimal formation of hexyl laurate by Lipozyme IM-77 in solvent-free system.
PubMed: Inhibition of bacterial foodborne pathogens by the lactoperoxidase system in combination with monolaurin.
PubMed: Dietary saturated and trans fatty acids and cholesterol and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: the Seven Countries Study.
PubMed: Biochemical epidemiology of colon cancer: effect of types of dietary fiber on colonic diacylglycerols in women.
PubMed: Microbicidal activity of tripotassium phosphate and fatty acids toward spoilage and pathogenic bacteria associated with poultry.
PubMed: Production of aflatoxin byAspergillus parasiticus and its control.
PubMed: Effects of different medium-chain fatty acids on intestinal absorption of structured triacylglycerols.
PubMed: Short-chain fatty acid-supplemented total parenteral nutrition alters intestinal structure, glucose transporter 2 (GLUT2) mRNA and protein, and proglucagon mRNA abundance in normal rats.
PubMed: Variations in fat and fatty acid intakes of adult males from three regions of India.
PubMed: Effects of Essential Oils and Monolaurin on Staphylococcus aureus: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies.
PubMed: Nature and composition of fat bloom from palm kernel stearin and hydrogenated palm kernel stearin compound chocolates.
PubMed: The antimicrobial properties of milkfat after partial hydrolysis by calf pregastric lipase.
PubMed: Fats and fatty acids as growth factors for Lactobacillus delbrueckii.
PubMed: Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell fatty acid composition and release during fermentation without aeration and in absence of exogenous lipids.
PubMed: Quantitative enzymatic production of 6-O-acylglucose esters
PubMed: Feeding trans fatty acids to rats has no effect on the intestinal uptake of glucose, fatty acids or cholesterol.
PubMed: Effects of palm oil on cardiovascular risk.
PubMed: Equilibrium yields of mono- and di-lauroyl mannoses through lipase-catalyzed condensation in acetone in the presence of molecular sieves.
PubMed: Effects of alkyl gallates on P-glycoprotein function.
PubMed: Individual saturated fatty acids and nonfatal acute myocardial infarction in Costa Rica.
PubMed: Modulation of hepatic cytochrome P450 activity and carcinogen bioactivation by black and decaffeinated black tea.
PubMed: Cinnamyl anthranilate causes coinduction of hepatic microsomal and peroxisomal enzymes in mouse but not rat.
PubMed: Extracellular fatty acids facilitate flagella-independent translocation by Stenotrophomonas maltophilia.
PubMed: The biochemical composition and nutritional potential of the tribal pulse, Mucuna monosperma DC. ex Wight.
PubMed: Distribution of medium-chain FA in different lipid classes after administration of specific structured TAG in rats.
PubMed: Variability in fatty acid and triacylglycerol composition of the oil of coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) hybrids and their parentals.
PubMed: In vitro discriminative antipseudomonal properties resulting from acyl substitution of N-terminal sequence of dermaseptin s4 derivatives.
PubMed: Preparation of dodecanol-tolerant strains of Yarrowia lipolytica.
PubMed: Comparison between cachaça and rum using pattern recognition methods.
PubMed: Extraction and characterization of volatile compounds in Maytenus ilicifolia, using high-pressure CO2.
PubMed: Milk composition of three free-ranging African elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) cows during mid lactation.
PubMed: Suppressive effect of saturated acyl L-ascorbate on the oxidation of linoleic acid encapsulated with maltodextrin or gum arabic by spray-drying.
PubMed: Enzymatic modification of high-laurate canola to produce margarine fat.
PubMed: Absorption properties of micellar lipid metabolites into Caco2 cells.
PubMed: Synthesis of structured lipids containing medium-chain and omega-3 fatty acids.
PubMed: The effect of conjugated linoleic acid and medium-chain fatty acids on transepithelial calcium transport in human intestinal-like Caco-2 cells.
PubMed: A dual function alpha-dioxygenase-peroxidase and NAD(+) oxidoreductase active enzyme from germinating pea rationalizing alpha-oxidation of fatty acids in plants.
PubMed: Fatty acid alpha-oxidation of tetradecylthioacetic acid and tetradecylthiopropionic acid in cucumber (Cucumis sativus).
PubMed: The herbicide dicamba (2-methoxy-3,6-dichlorobenzoic acid) is a peroxisome proliferator in rats.
PubMed: Interactions of C12 surfactants with the skin: studies on enzyme release and percutaneous absorption in vitro.
PubMed: Influence of stearic acid on hemostatic risk factors in humans.
PubMed: Hepatic and intestinal cytochrome P450 and conjugase activities in rats treated with black tea theafulvins and theaflavins.
PubMed: Effects of mixtures of lauric and myristic acid on rumen methanogens and methanogenesis in vitro.
 
Notes:
Defoamer, lubricant. Used in fruit coatings. Occurs as glyceride in coconut oil and palm kernel oil. Simple esters are flavour ingredients Lauric acid (systematically: dodecanoic acid), the saturated fatty acid with a 12 carbon atom chain, is a white, powdery solid with a faint odor of bay oil or soap. (Wikipedia)
 
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