phenyl acetaldehyde
phenylacetaldehyde
 
Notes:
Delute to 10% with benzyl alcohol or phenethyl alcohol for best results. Found in some essential oils, e.g. Citrus spp., Tagetes minuta (Mexican marigold) and in the mushroom Phallus impudicus (common stinkhorn). Flavouring ingredient Phenylacetaldehyde is one important oxidation-related aldehyde. Exposure to styrene gives phenylacetaldehyde as a secondary metabolite. Styrene has been implicated as reproductive toxicant, neurotoxicant, or carcinogen in vivo or in vitro. Phenylacetaldehyde could be formed by diverse thermal reactions during the cooking process together with C8 compounds is identified as a major aroma- active compound in cooked pine mushroom. Phenylacetaldehyde is readily oxidized to phenylacetic acid. Therefore will eventually be hydrolyzed and oxidized to yield phenylacetic acid that will be excreted primarily in the urine in conjugated form. (PMID: 16910727, 7818768, 15606130) Isol. from Hyacinthus orientalis, Ribes grossularia (European gooseberry) and grapes [CCD]
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
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      Product(s):
      Phenylacetaldehyde
       
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
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      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
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      News
      Product(s):
      10612 Phenylacetaldehyde
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
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      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
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      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde Natural
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
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      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      PHENYL ACETALDEHYDE 97%
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
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      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
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      US Voice: 908-359-9000
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      Product(s):
      N0225 NAT. PHENYLETHYL ALDEHYDE
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
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      Product(s):
      101259 PHENYLACETALDEHYDE
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
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      Product(s):
      Phenylacetaldehyde
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
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      Product(s):
      16-20400 PHENYLACETALDEHYDE, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
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      Product(s):
      5GP07497 Phenylacetaldehyde 85% in PEA
      Blends-well-with - Phenylacetaldehyde Earthy-mossy-notes Gums
       
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
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      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
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      Product(s):
      PHENYL ACETIC ALDEHYDE, PURE > 95
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W287407 Phenylacetaldehyde, ≥95%, FCC, FG
      SDS
       
  • Symrise
    • Symrise AG
      Always Insiring More
      Symrise aroma molecules & cosmetic ingredients for unique and innovative fragrances, flavors and cosmetics.
      We are globally recognized as a leading provider of fragrances, flavors and active ingredients as well as aroma chemicals for the perfume, cosmetic, pharmaceutical, food and beverage industries. We combine our knowledge about consumers’ ever- changing needs with creativity and ground-breaking technologies. In doing so, we concentrate on the development of solutions that provide our customers with added value. We ensure sustained value creation by allowing our employees and shareholders to share our Company’s success.
      US Email: Life Essentials
      Email: Aroma Molecules
      Voice: +49 5531 90 0
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      Product(s):
      660354 Phenylacetaldehyde

      Useful in: brown nuts, brown others, fruity red, fruity yellow, sweet others.
       
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
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      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
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      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde
      SDS
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
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      Product(s):
      Phenyl Acetaldehyde
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      500316 Phenyl Acetaldehyde FCC Pure
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
2-phenylacetaldehyde (Click)
CAS Number: 122-78-1Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-574-5
FDA UNII: U8J5PLW9MR
Nikkaji Web: J2.494E
Beilstein Number: 0385791
MDL: MFCD00006993
CoE Number: 116
XlogP3: 1.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 120.15096000
Formula: C8 H8 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1002  phenylacetaldehyde
Flavis Number: 05.030 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.030  phenylacetaldehyde
FEMA Number: 2874  phenylacetaldehyde
FDA Mainterm: PHENYLACETALDEHYDE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Halogens: Chlorine free
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.02500 to 1.03500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.529 to  8.612
Refractive Index: 1.52500 to 1.53200 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -10.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 193.00 to  195.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 5.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.368000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 189.00 °F. TCC ( 87.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.780
Shelf Life: 3.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 fixed oils
 water, 3026 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 glycerin
Stability:
 hair spray
 non-discoloring in most media
 soap
Similar Items: note
para-anisyl acetaldehyde
cumin acetaldehyde
cuminyl acetaldehyde
lilac acetaldehyde
mercaptoacetaldehyde
phenoxyacetaldehyde 50% in benzyl alcohol
phenoxyacetaldehyde 50% in peomosa
pinoacetaldehyde
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 green  sweet  floral  hyacinth  clover  honey  cocoa  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
green sweet floral hyacinth clover honey cocoa
Luebke, William tgsc, (1987)
 honey  floral  rose  sweet  powdery  fermented  chocolate  earthy  
Odor Description:
at 2.00 %.  
Honey, floral rose, sweet, powdery, fermented, chocolate with a slight earthy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 5, 49, (1998)
 honey  sweet  floral  chocolate  cocoa  spicy  
Taste Description:
at 5.00 ppm.  
Honey, sweet, floral, chocolate and cocoa, with a spicy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 5, 49, (1998)
Substantivity: 400 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Augustus Oils
Phenylacetaldehyde
Services
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Phenylacetaldehyde
Berjé
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Ernesto Ventós
PHENYL ACETIC ALDEHYDE
Odor: HYACINTH, SWEET, FLORAL, GREEN
Flavor: SWEET, FLORAL, NUTTY, FRUITY
Excellentia International
Phenyl Acetaldehyde Natural
Indukern F&F
PHENYL ACETIC ALDEHYDE 100%
Odor: GREEN, SWEET, FLORAL, HONEY
CROP CALENDAR
Lansdowne Chemicals
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Lansdowne Chemicals
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Lluch Essence
PHENYL ACETALDEHYDE 97%
M&U International
NAT. PHENYLETHYL ALDEHYDE
Moellhausen
PHENYLACETALDEHYDE
Odor: green floral, strongly hyacinth note
Flavor: floral, honey note
Pell Wall Perfumes
Phenylacetaldehyde
Penta International
PHENYLACETALDEHYDE, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Phenylacetaldehyde 85% in PEA
Odor: green floral hyacinth
Use: Blends-well-with - Phenylacetaldehyde Earthy-mossy-notes Gums
Prodasynth
PHENYL ACETIC ALDEHYDE, PURE > 95
Odor: HYACINTH, SWEET, FLORAL, GREEN
Flavor: SWEET, FLORAL, NUTTY, FRUITY
Reincke & Fichtner
Phenylacetaldehyde
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Phenylacetaldehyde ≥90%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenylacetaldehyde, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; apricot; berry; cherry; chocolate; grape; grapefruit; honey; hyacinth; lemon; melon; orange; green; nutty; fruity; peach; peanut; vegetable; wine-like
Certified Food Grade Products
Symrise
Phenylacetaldehyde
Odor: very strong, green, floral, sweet, hyacinth type
Flavor: strong, fruity, nut-like, floral, sweet
Useful in: brown nuts, brown others, fruity red, fruity yellow, sweet others.
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Phenylacetaldehyde
The John D. Walsh Company
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Treatt
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Ungerer & Company
Phenyl Acetaldehyde
Vigon International
Phenyl Acetaldehyde FCC Pure
Odor: POWERFUL, GREEN ODOR WITH A FLORAL BACKGROUND
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 4), H227
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H227 - Combustible liquid
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
2 % solution: skin irritation. sensitising.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  1550 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1977m)

gavage-guinea pig LD50  [sex: M,F] 3890 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-mouse LD50  [sex: M,F] 3890 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 3890 mg/kg
(Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

oral-guinea pig LD50  3890 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

oral-mouse LD50  3890 mg/kg
Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

oral-rat LD50  1550 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 377, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 377, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 2000 mg/m3
Toksikologicheskii Vestnik. Vol. (2), Pg. 35, 1995.

Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.02 % (1)
Category 2:  0.02 %
Category 3:  0.09 %
Category 4:  0.30 %
Category 5:  0.10 %
Category 6:  0.40 % (1)
Category 7:  0.04 %
Category 8:  0.60 %
Category 9:  3.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 37.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 60.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -2.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.68000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 1.7000087.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -0.75000
fruit ices: -0.75000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -1.60000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of phenethyl alcohol, aldehydes, acids, and related acetals and esters used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to: Flavouring Group Evaluation 14 (FGE.14): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters, and related phenylacetic acid esters from chemical group 15 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 55 (FGE.55): Consideration of phenyl-substituted aliphatic alcohols and related aldehydes and esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 53 (FGE.53): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and one phenoxyethyl ester evaluated in FGE.23 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 14, Revision 1 (FGE.14Rev1): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acetals, carboxylic acid and related esters from chemical group 15 and 22 [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 53, Revision 1 (FGE.53Rev1): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) FGE.23Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 122-78-1
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 998
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 1
 2-phenylacetaldehyde
Chemidplus: 0000122781
RTECS: CY1420000 for cas# 122-78-1
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 2-phenylacetaldehyde
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 122-78-1
Pubchem (cid): 998
Pubchem (sid): 134974052
Flavornet: 122-78-1
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00601
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB06236
FooDB: FDB017170
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB00116
Export Tariff Code: 2912.29.10
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
 muguet undecadienalFR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
animal
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 propyl cinnamateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl cinnamateFL/FR
chemical
 styralyl alcoholFL/FR
chocolate
 cocoa pentenalFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl formateFL/FR
fermented
 hexanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
 anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 butyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
gamma-damasconeFR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
 decyl formateFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl cyclohexyl methyl acetateFR
 ethyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranyl formateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth acetalsFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 kewda absolute 
 leerallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 muguet carbinolFL/FR
 muguet carboxaldehydeFR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 ocean propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 peony alcoholFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl glycol diacetateFR
2-phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl acetateFL/FR
(R)-2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl formateFL/FR
 phenyl propyl phenyl acetateFR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
(E)-2-phenyl-1(2)-propene-1-yl acetateFR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl salicylateFR
 reseda acetalFR
 rhodinolFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
(Z)-rose oxideFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
 tea acetateFR
fruity
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
2-isobutyl thiazoleFL/FR
 citrus carbaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 cumin acetaldehydeFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 galbascone (IFF)FR
 geranium absoluteFL/FR
 green etherFL/FR
 heptyl cinnamateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
3-hexenalFL/FR
 hyacinth absoluteFL/FR
 hyacinth butanalFR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy dioxolaneFR
 leafy acetalFL/FR
 leafy oximeFR
4-methyl-4-phenyl pentanoneFR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
 phenethyl acetalFR
 phenethyl isopropyl etherFR
 phenethyl oxyacetaldehydeFR
 phenethyl tiglateFL/FR
 phenoxyacetaldehyde 50% in benzyl alcoholFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde ethylene glycol acetalFR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
2-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
isopropyl quinolineFR
herbal
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
honey
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
leathery
 leather cyclohexanolFR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
musty
 cocoa butenalFL/FR
naphthyl
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
woody
 amber carbinolFR
(E)-ethyl geranateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
1-acetyl cyclohexyl acetateFL
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 butyl salicylateFL/FR
 cumin acetaldehydeFL/FR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
para-dimethyl hydroquinoneFL/FR
 ethyl hydrocinnamateFL/FR
 green etherFL/FR
 heptyl cinnamateFL/FR
 hexanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 hyacinth absoluteFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 kewda absolute 
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 methyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl acetateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
(R)-2-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl formateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl cinnamateFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
aromatic
 amyl salicylateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 hyacinth acetalsFL/FR
 leafy acetalFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
chemical
 styralyl alcoholFL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
 nerolFL/FR
cooling
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl formateFL/FR
fatty
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 cocoa pentenalFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 methyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 muguet carbinolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 rhodinolFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
fruity
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
2-phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 propyl cinnamateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
2-isobutyl thiazoleFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cocoa butenalFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 geranium absoluteFL/FR
 geranyl formateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
3-hexenalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
2-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-rose oxideFL/FR
herbal
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
honey
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
powdery
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
spicy
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
sweet
 phenethyl tiglateFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hydroxycitronellalFL/FR
 rhodinyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 aldehydicFR
 artichoke 
 blackberryFR
 carnation dianthus oeilletFR
 cherryFR
 cherry blossomFR
 chocolate cocoa 
 cinq fleurs forvil 
 crabapple blossomFR
 elder berryFR
 evergreenFR
 flower shopFR
 frangipanni plumeriaFR
 fresh & cleanFR
 gardeniaFR
 genet genista broomFR
 grapefruitFR
 greenFR
 honey mielFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jockey club 
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 joy 
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 lilyFR
 magnoliaFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 neroliFR
 orangeFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 powderFR
 pumpkin pieFR
 raspberryFR
 roseFR
 sweet peaFR
 tangerineFR
 tea 
 tea greenFR
 tobaccoFR
 verbenaFR
 wallflowerFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 allamanda cathartica linn. flower oil brazil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 apple cooked apple
Search  Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 asparagus
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean stem oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 blackberry fruit
Search  Picture
 bread white bread
Search  Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage
Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cerastium candidissimum corr. oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cherry
Search  Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 1.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cider
Search  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cocoa
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander leaf oil @ 0.03-0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 corn husk oil
Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 corn silk oil
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 grapefruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 ham
PbMd  Search  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 honey buckwheat honey
PbMd  Search  Picture
 hyacinth
Search Trop  Picture
 ketaki flower oil india @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lecythis usitata miers. var. paraensis (ducke) r. kunth. flower oil brazil @ 28.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon
Search Trop  Picture
 malus sieversii
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin
Search Trop  Picture
 melon
Search  Picture
 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mustard white mustard
Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 persimmon american persimmon fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 phallus impudicus
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 plumcot fruit
Search  Picture
 potato plant
Search Trop  Picture
 pumpkin
Search  Picture
 raisin
Search  Picture
 ribes grossularia
Search Trop  Picture
 rose hips
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower flower
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sunflower flower
Search Trop  Picture
 tagetes minuta oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tea shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 acetaldehyde, phenyl-
 benzacetaldehyde
 benzene acetaldehyde
 benzeneacetaldehyde
 benzyl carboxaldehyde
 benzylcarboxaldehyde
 hyacinthin
 phenyl acetaldehyde natural
 phenyl acetaldehyde pure FCC
 phenyl acetic aldehyde
 phenyl acetic aldehyde 100%
 phenyl ethanal
2-phenyl ethanal
1-oxo-2-phenyl ethane
oxophenyl ethane
 phenyl-acetaldehyde
 phenylacetaldehyd
 phenylacetaldehyde
2-phenylacetaldehyde
a-phenylacetaldehyde
 phenylacetaldehyde natural
 phenylacetic aldehyde
 phenylethanal
2-phenylethanal
1-oxo-2-phenylethane
alpha-tolualdehyde
a-toluic aldehyde
alpha-toluic aldehyde
a-tolyaldehyde
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Volatile constituents of roasted tigernut oil (Cyperus esculentus L.).
J-Stage: Comparison of Agitake (Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae) Volatile Components with Characteristic Odors Extracted by Hydrodistillation and Solvent-assisted Flavor Evaporation
PubMed: Comparison of agitake (Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae) volatile components with characteristic odors extracted by hydrodistillation and solvent-assisted flavor evaporation.
J-Stage: Characterization of Aroma-active Compounds in Dry Flower of Malva sylvestris L. by GC-MS-O Analysis and OAV Calculations
PubMed: Characterization of aroma-active compounds in dry flower of Malva sylvestris L. by GC-MS-O analysis and OAV calculations.
PubMed: Characterization of the key odorants in pan-fried white mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus L.) by means of molecular sensory science: comparison with the raw mushroom tissue.
PubMed: Characterization of the aroma signature of styrian pumpkin seed oil ( Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo var. Styriaca) by molecular sensory science.
PubMed: Identification of aroma active compounds of cereal coffee brew and its roasted ingredients.
PubMed: Impact of different distribution scenarios and recommended storage conditions on flavor related quality attributes in ripening fresh tomatoes.
PubMed: Production of aromatic compounds by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli with an expanded shikimate pathway.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed: Monitoring of cocoa volatiles produced during roasting by selected ion flow tube-mass spectrometry (SIFT-MS).
PubMed: Food volatile compounds facilitating HII mesophase formation: solubilization and stability.
PubMed: Volatile compounds with characteristic odour in moso-bamboo stems (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel ex Houz. De ehaie).
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds in Chinese rice wine Qu by solvent-assisted flavor evaporation and headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma-active compounds of Korean perilla (Perilla frutescens Britton) leaf.
PubMed: Decoding the key aroma compounds of a Hungarian-type salami by molecular sensory science approaches.
PubMed: Impact of forced-aging process on madeira wine flavor.
PubMed: Changes in key aroma compounds of Criollo cocoa beans during roasting.
PubMed: Studies on the aroma of five fresh tomato cultivars and the precursors of cis- and trans-4,5-epoxy-(E)-2-decenals and methional.
PubMed: Influence of lipids in the generation of phenylacetaldehyde in wort-related model systems.
PubMed: The chemical characterization of the aroma of dessert and sparkling white wines (Pedro Ximénez, Fino, Sauternes, and Cava) by gas chromatography-olfactometry and chemical quantitative analysis.
PubMed: Aroma components of American country ham.
PubMed: Effect of supercritical carbon dioxide decaffeination on volatile components of green teas.
PubMed: Short communication: Identification of the aroma compounds responsible for the floral/rose flavor in water-soluble fractions of Manchego cheese.
PubMed: Tomato phenylacetaldehyde reductases catalyze the last step in the synthesis of the aroma volatile 2-phenylethanol.
PubMed: Effect of cysteine and cystine addition on sensory profile and potent odorants of extruded potato snacks.
PubMed: An assessment of the role played by some oxidation-related aldehydes in wine aroma.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma-active compounds in raw and cooked pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.).
PubMed: Chemical conversion of alpha-amino acids into alpha-keto acids by 4,5-epoxy-2-decenal.
PubMed: Identification of the key aroma compounds in cocoa powder based on molecular sensory correlations.
PubMed: Tomato aromatic amino acid decarboxylases participate in synthesis of the flavor volatiles 2-phenylethanol and 2-phenylacetaldehyde.
PubMed: Formation of strecker aldehydes from polyphenol-derived quinones and alpha-amino acids in a nonenzymic model system.
PubMed: Photochemical release of aldehydes from alpha-acetoxy nitroveratryl ethers.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid, and related acetals and esters used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds responsible for the rosy/floral flavor in Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Further insights into the role of methional and phenylacetaldehyde in lager beer flavor stability.
PubMed: Aroma compounds in sweet whey powder.
PubMed: Odorous products of the chlorination of phenylalanine in water: formation, evolution, and quantification.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey.
PubMed: Identification of malodorous, a wild species allele affecting tomato aroma that was aelected against during domestication.
PubMed: Determination of key aroma compounds in the crumb of a three-stage sourdough rye bread by stable isotope dilution assays and sensory studies.
PubMed: Chemical nature of malty flavor and aroma produced by Streptococcus lactis var. maltigenes.
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