octanal (aldehyde C-8)
caprylic aldehyde
Gives that natural terpene note.
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Aldehyde C8
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Products List: View
      279700 ALDEHYDE C-8, 50%, Natural Kosher
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
      Products List: View
      293 ALDEHYDE C-8
      An intense citrus note for fragrance topnotes.
      Widely used in flavors especially for lift.
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Market Report
      Aldehyde C-8
  • Charkit Chemical
    • Charkit Chemical Corporation
      The Specialty Chemical Specialists
      Explore this website to discover the products and services that Charkit provides for your industry and please contact us directly to find out how we can be of service to you.
      Since 1982, Charkit has been committed to expanding the markets we serve and our roster of products and services continues to grow with us. Personal care ingredients now include a substantial array of luxury and exotic components. Substantial inroads have been made in the nutraceutical and resins markets, with a growing roster of versatile and unique ingredients. And we continue to lead the way in our traditional markets such as Metal and Water Treatment, Imaging, Flavor & Fragrance, Aroma and Food. Our Pharmaceutical offerings continue to expand, still anchored by the Boronic Derivatives that meet the demands of Suzuki coupling reactions.
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 203-299-3220
      Fax: 203-299-1355
      Products List: View
  • Cvista
    • Cvista
      Cutting-edge technology and quality
      Our flexibility allows us to quickly react to changing customer needs.
      Cvista is an innovative flavor ingredient company offering quality natural citrus specialty fractions and apple essences. We were founded in 2009 with a specific vision: to build a company that works smarter, more efficiently, and can think out of the box to adapt to our customers’ needs. We partner closely with our customers and suppliers to create mutually beneficial long-term relationships. Our mission is to make every first-time customer a lifetime customer.
      Email: Bea Carter
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 813-405-3000
      Octanal, ex orange (Purity: 50, 80%)
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Aldehyde C-8 (Octanal) Natural
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      aldehyde C-8 natural
      aldehyde C-8
  • Hermitage Oils
    • Hermitage Oils
      Perfumery and Aromatherapy materials since 1979
      Hermitage Oils, the true home of essential oils!
      Hermitage Oils offers a selection of Absolutes, Essential Oils, Natural Isolates, Aroma Chemicals, CO2 Extracts, Ethanol Tinctures, and Extraits by Enfleurage.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      The Vault
      Aldehyde C8
      One of the classic aldehydic notes, in this case an unsaturated aliphatic aldehyde. Occurs widely in nature being present in a variety of foods including citrus oils in particular, and even used by some birds as a pheromone signal. The odour is described as aldehydic, waxy, citrus, orange peel, green, fatty.
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lansdowne Chemicals
    • Lansdowne Chemicals
      With a focus on providing the highest level of service
      Lansdowne Chemicals has established itself at the forefront of the global chemical industry.
      Headquarters are in Carterton, Oxfordshire encompassing all of Lansdowne's Business Units. Our Regulatory Team and Quality Control Departments are based out of Carterton. Lansdowne Aromatic's state of the art warehouse facilities are located in Cricklade, covering 12,000 square ft. We are able to offer just-in-time deliveries for our full range of products, in a variety of pack sizes. Bonded facilities are available for goods going outside of the EU.
      Email: Contact Us:
      US Email: Dean Matienzo - Sales Manager
      Voice: +44 1993 843081
      Fax: +44 1993 841261
      US Voice: +1 973 886 3778
      US Fax: +1 973 346 1106
      Whats New
      Global Distribution
      Octanal natural
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      ALDEHYDE C-08
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      N0001 NAT.ALDEHYDE C-8, Kosher
  • Natural Advantage
    • Natural Advantage
      Manufacturer of natural flavor ingredients
      With over 25 years experience in the flavor and food ingredient industries.
      Natural Advantage was formed over seventeen years ago to supply the growing demand for natural food and flavor ingredients. We employ a wide range of multi-disciplined scientists who are dedicated to high quality service, customer satisfaction and creating an outstanding value for our clients.
      Email: Info
      Email: Customer service
      Voice: 318-215-1456
      Fax: 318-335-1579
      What We Do
      Products List: View
      Octanal (C8) Nat
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      01-13600 ALDEHYDE C-8 FCC, Kosher
      01-13601 ALDEHYDE C-8, NATURAL, Kosher
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      PerfumersWorld Skype Skype
      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      4AC00026 Aldehyde C-8 octanal
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Global Reach
      ALDEHYDE C-8
  • Riverside Aromatics
    • Riverside Aromatics Ltd.
      Speciality Aroma Chemicals, Naturals and Synthetics
      Specialist raw material suppliers to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry.
      Peter Cannon & David Rowe established Riverside Aromatics in 2006 in Poole, UK, to offer a new type of specialist raw material supplier to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry. We bring together over 40 years of commercial & technical experience in the F&F industry which allows us to understand the needs of the Global F&F business and especially that of the West European Market.
      Email: Info
      Email: Peter Cannon (sales)
      Voice: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Fax: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Products List: View
      NO0500 Octanal, Natural
  • Sigma-Aldrich
  • Sunaux International
    • Sunaux International
      Buy With Confidence
      We have industry leading processes and procedures to ensure nothing but the most reliable product.
      Sunaux International was founded in 2012 by the owner Mr.John Felton after spending 18 years involved in developing global business in the aromatic chemicals, fragrance and flavour compounds business.
      Email: John Felton
      Email: Stephen Zhou (Sales)
      Voice: 0512-57995626
      Fax: 0512-57570299
      N0001 nat.Aldehyde C-8
  • Taytonn
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Aldehyde C-8
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      Aldehyde C-8
  • Treatt
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
octanal (Click)
CAS Number: 124-13-0Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-683-8
Nikkaji Web: J2.504F
Beilstein Number: 1744086
MDL: MFCD00007029
CoE Number: 97
XlogP3-AA: 2.70 (est)
Molecular Weight: 128.21472000
Formula: C8 H16 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: At least 92%; secondary component 4-7% 2-methyl­heptanal. (JECFA)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 98  octanal
Flavis Number: 05.009 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 05.009  octanal
FEMA Number: 2797  octanal
FDA Regulation:
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 92.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.81800 to 0.82600 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 6.815 to 6.881
Melting Point: 12.00 to  15.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 171.00 to  173.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 10.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 2.068000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 4.4 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 125.00 °F. TCC ( 51.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.951 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 dipropylene glycol
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water, 394.3 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 560 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 deodorant spray
 hair spray
 non-discoloring in most media
 permanent wave lotion
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: aldehydic
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
 aldehydic  waxy  citrus  orange peel  green  fatty  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
aldehydic waxy citrus orange peel green fatty
Luebke, William tgsc, (1982)
 aldehydic  waxy  citrus  orange  green  peely  
Odor Description:
Aldehydic, waxy, citrus orange with a green peely nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 5, 127, (1992)
 aldehydic  green  peely  citrus  orange  
Taste Description:
at 25.00 ppm.  
Aldehyde, green with a peely citrus orange note
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 5, 127, (1992)
Substantivity: 92 hour(s) at 100.00 %
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Advanced Biotech
Odor: Citrus, Fatty
Advanced Biotech
95% min.
Odor: Citrus, Fatty
Odor: Fatty, Orange
Anhui Haibei
Octanal (Orange C8 Ald) Natural
Augustus Oils
Aldehyde C8
OCTANAL, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ALDEHYDE C-8, 50%, Natural
Bedoukian Research
Odor: In dilution, lemon-lime, citrus note
Use: An intense citrus note for fragrance topnotes.
Flavor: aldehyde green
Widely used in flavors especially for lift.
Aldehyde C-8
CG Herbals
Aldehyde C 8 Octylic Food Grade
Odor: Aldehydic, Waxy, Citrus, Orange, Green, Peely note
Use: It gives natural terpene note. It is an intense citrus note for fragrance Top-note.
CG Herbals
Aldehyde C 8
Odor: Dilution, fresh green, citrus fruits, flower buds
Use: Used as trace ingredient to floral notes especially in combination with other aldehydes. Good effects in lemon and citrus notes at levels up to 1%.
Charkit Chemical
Citrus and Allied Essences
Aldehyde C-8 FCC
Market Report
Aldehyde C-8
Odor: Aldehydic, waxy, citrus orange with a green peel nuance
Octanal, ex orange (Purity: 50, 80%)
Diffusions Aromatiques
Diffusions Aromatiques
Ernesto Ventós
Excellentia International
Aldehyde C-8 (Octanal) Natural
aldehyde C-8 natural
aldehyde C-8
Florida Chemical
Global Essence
Aldehyde C-8
Hermitage Oils
Aldehyde C8
Odor: characteristic
Use: One of the classic aldehydic notes, in this case an unsaturated aliphatic aldehyde. Occurs widely in nature being present in a variety of foods including citrus oils in particular, and even used by some birds as a pheromone signal. The odour is described as aldehydic, waxy, citrus, orange peel, green, fatty.
The Vault
Indukern F&F
Octanal (Aldehyde C8)
98% minimum
Kao Corporation
Odor: Harsh, fatty, citrus
Lansdowne Chemicals
Octanal natural
Lluch Essence
Lluch Essence
M&U International
Odor: aldehyde, citrus, orange peel, penetrating
Flavor: green, fat
Natural Advantage
Octanal (C8) Nat
Penta International
Penta International
Aldehyde C-8 octanal
Perfumery Laboratory
Aldehyde C-8 (octanal)
Odor: Wax, aldehyde fragrance of orange peel
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Aldehyde C8
Reincke & Fichtner
Octanal natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Riverside Aromatics
Octanal, Natural
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Octanal, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: honey; fruity; fatty; citrus
Certified Food Grade Products
Octanal, natural, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: honey; fruity; fatty; citrus
Sunaux International
nat.Aldehyde C-8
Aldehyde C-8
Odor: Citrus, Fatty, Fruity, Harsh, Honey, Powerful , Sweet
For experimental / research use only.
n-Octanal >98.0%(GC)
The John D. Walsh Company
Aldehyde C-8
The Perfumers Apprentice
Aldehyde C-8
Odor: Soft woody green mildly floral
Octanal 50% Ex Grapefruit Natural
Octanal 50% Ex Orange Natural
Octanal 90% Ex Grapefruit Natural
Octanal 90% Ex Orange Natural
Octanal 90% Natural CitrustT
Vigon International
Aldehyde C-8 FCC (Octanal)
Odor: Aldehydic fatty orange
Vigon International
Octanal Fraction ex Orange REDD
Odor: Aldehydic green fatty orange
WEN International
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  5630 mg/kg

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 6350 mg/kg

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for octanal (aldehyde C-8) usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -4.40000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.40000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -0.10000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.60000
fruit ices: -1.60000
gelatins / puddings: 3.000006.10000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -3.40000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 3, Revision 1 (FGE.03Rev1): Acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated or unsaturated aldehydes, an ester of a hemiacetal and an orthoester of formic acid, from chemical groups 1, 2 & 4 Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) [1] - Scientific Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 61 (FGE.61): Consideration of aliphatic acyclic acetals evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated aldehydes, and an orthoester of formic acid evaluated by EFSA in FGE.03 (2004) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 61, Revision 1 (FGE.61Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic acetals evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to acetals of branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and branched- and straight-chain saturated aldehydes and one orthoester of formic acid evaluated
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Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
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Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
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Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
 adoxal (Givaudan)FL/FR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 geranyl oxyacetaldehydeFR
 green hexanalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 TMH aldehydeFR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 abies alba cone oilFR
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 curacao peel oilFL/FR
 dodecane nitrileFR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 marine decadienalFR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. chinaFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil terpenelessFL/FR
 tangerine acetateFR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 citronellyl butyrateFL/FR
 dihydrocitronellyl ethyl etherFR
 ho leaf oilFR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
 muguet butanalFR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 grapefruit acetalFR
 green acetateFR
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 green carbaldehydeFR
 green carboxylateFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl oxyacetaldehydeFR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
dextro-linalyl acetateFL/FR
laevo-linalyl acetateFL/FR
 melon heptenal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 decanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 myristic acidFL/FR
 waxy undecadienolFR
 anthocephalus cadamba oilFR
 woody acetateFR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
 adoxal (Givaudan)FL/FR
 curacao peel oilFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 green hexanalFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-linalool oxide (pyranoid)FL/FR
laevo-linalyl acetateFL/FR
dextro-linalyl acetateFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 melon heptenal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 methyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 nonanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 acetyl nonyrylFL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 raspberry ketone acetateFL/FR
 bergamot oilFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. chinaFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil terpenelessFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 tangerine oil americaFL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 citronellyl butyrateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 melon heptenalFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 myristic acidFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
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Potential Uses:
 clary sageFL/FR
 clover trefle le'trefle incarnatFR
 green grassFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 orange bitterFL/FR
 orange blossomFR
 petitgrain limeFL/FR
 rose redFR
 rose whiteFR
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 bergamot oil @ 0.025-0.084%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.173%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.180%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.142%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 cerastium candidissimum corr. oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 clary sage
GRIN Trop Picture
GRIN Trop Picture
 coriander leaf oil @ <0.03-0.47%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ <0.10%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 1.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.34%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.58%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.23%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.26%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 1.00%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.08%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil morocco @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.04%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.05%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mandarin oil @ 1.40%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 0.08%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mandarin oil japan @ 0.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.16-0.17%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 melissa oil @ 0.12%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 mikan peel oil @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 0.09%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange oil terpeneless @ 4.80%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.08%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.257%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.276%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.329%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.416%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.517%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 potato chip
 rice cooked rice
GRIN Trop Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 0.20%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.11%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data  GC  GRIN Trop Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
 aldehyde C-8
nat.aldehyde C-8
 aldehyde C-8 FCC
 aldehyde C-8 fraction ex orange redistilled
 aldehyde C-8 natural
 aldehyde C-8, 50%, natural
 aldehyde C8
 antifoam LF
 caprylic aldehyde
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)
 octanal (Aldehyde C8)
 octanal (orange C8 ald) natural
 octanal 50% ex grapefruit natural
 octanal 50% ex orange natural
 octanal 50% in orange oil natural
 octanal 90% ex grapefruit natural
 octanal 90% ex orange natural
 octanal 90% natural citrustt
 octanal natural
 octanoic aldehyde
 octyl aldehyde
N-octyl aldehyde
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Info: Octanal
PubMed: Ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography analysis of volatile carbonyl compounds in virgin olive oils.
J-Stage: Effects of Aliphatic Aldehydes on the Growth and Patulin Production of Penicillium expansum in Apple Juice
PubMed: Cooked carrot volatiles. AEDA and odor activity comparisons. Identification of linden ether as an important aroma component.
J-Stage: Aroma Character Impact Compounds in Kinokuni Mandarin Orange (Citrus kinokuni) Compared with Satsuma Mandarin Orange (Citrus unshiu)
PubMed: Relating sensory and chemical properties of sour cream to consumer acceptance.
J-Stage: Constituents of Essential Oil from the Dried Fruits and Stems of Akebia quinata (THUNB.) DECNE.
PubMed: Formation of aldehyde and ketone compounds during production and storage of milk powder.
J-Stage: Analysis of Residual Volatiles in Recycled Polyethylene Terephthalate
PubMed: Iron-lactoferrin complex reduces iron-catalyzed off-flavor formation in powdered milk with added fish oil.
J-Stage: Characteristic Odor Components of Citrus reticulata Blanco (Ponkan) Cold-pressed Oil
PubMed: Effect of bleaching whey on sensory and functional properties of 80% whey protein concentrate.
J-Stage: MS Fragment Isotope Ratio Analysis for Evaluation of Citrus Essential Oils by HRGC-MS
PubMed: Comparison of the flavor chemistry and flavor stability of mozzarella and cheddar wheys.
PubMed: Hot and cold water infusion aroma profiles of Hibiscus sabdariffa: fresh compared with dried.
PubMed: Characteristic volatile components of Kabosu (Citrus sphaerocarpa Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: The impact of antioxidant addition on flavor of cheddar and mozzarella whey and cheddar whey protein concentrate.
PubMed: Flavor variability and flavor stability of U.S.-produced whole milk powder.
PubMed: Application of the Olfactoscan method to study the ability of saturated aldehydes in masking the odor of methional.
PubMed: Comparison of odor-active compounds from six distinctly different rice flavor types.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile flavor compounds of sardine (Sardinops melanostica) by solid phase microextraction.
PubMed: Aroma components of American country ham.
PubMed: Kinetic analysis of volatile formation in milk subjected to pressure-assisted thermal treatments.
PubMed: Identification of sulfur volatiles in canned orange juices lacking orange flavor.
PubMed: Binding of carbonyl flavours to canola, pea and wheat proteins using GC/MS approach.
PubMed: Evaluation and application of static headspace-multicapillary column-gas chromatography-ion mobility spectrometry for complex sample analysis.
PubMed: Monitoring of Selected Skin-Borne Volatile Markers of Entrapped Humans by Selective Reagent Ionization Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry in NO(+) Mode.
PubMed: Development and assessment of plant-based synthetic odor baits for surveillance and control of malaria vectors.
PubMed: The benzaldehyde oxidation paradox explained by the interception of peroxy radical by benzyl alcohol.
PubMed: Anti-fungal activity of Citrus reticulata Blanco essential oil against Penicillium italicum and Penicillium digitatum.
PubMed: Cyanobacterial aldehyde deformylase oxygenation of aldehydes yields n-1 aldehydes and alcohols in addition to alkanes.
PubMed: Early survival factor deprivation in the olfactory epithelium enhances activity-driven survival.
PubMed: Simultaneous determination of sorbic and benzoic acids in milk products using an optimised microextraction technique followed by gas chromatography.
PubMed: Analysis of microRNA and mRNA expression profiles highlights alterations in modulation of the MAPK pathway under octanal exposure.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of commercial imported and domestic black-ripe table olives (Olea europaea).
PubMed: Activation of olfactory receptors on mouse pulmonary macrophages promotes monocyte chemotactic protein-1 production.
PubMed: Effect of octanal on the mycelial growth of Penicillium italicum and P. digitatum.
PubMed: Octanal-induced inflammatory responses in cells relevant for lung toxicity: Expression and release of cytokines in A549 human alveolar cells.
PubMed: Oxylipins generation in Lactobacillus helveticus in relation to unsaturated fatty acid supplementation.
PubMed: The influence of bleaching agent and temperature on bleaching efficacy and volatile components of fluid whey and whey retentate.
PubMed: Variability of the root essential oils of Seseli rigidum Waldst. & Kit. (Apiaceae) from different populations in Serbia.
PubMed: Identification of volatiles from oxidised phosphatidylcholine molecular species using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed: EAG responses of Apis cerana to floral compounds of a biodiesel plant, Jatropha curcas (Euphorbiaceae).
PubMed: Comparative quantitative analysis of headspace volatiles and their association with BADH2 marker in non-basmati scented, basmati and non-scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars of India.
PubMed: Bioorganic diversity of rare Coriandrum sativum L. honey: unusual chromatographic profiles containing derivatives of linalool/oxygenated methoxybenzene.
PubMed: Effect of IGF-II genotype and pig rearing system on the final characteristics of dry-cured Iberian hams.
PubMed: Disruption of Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) oviposition by the application of host plant volatiles.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath in a healthy population: effect of tobacco smoking.
PubMed: Potential aromatic compounds as markers to differentiate between Tuber melanosporum and Tuber indicum truffles.
PubMed: Relation between HLA genes, human skin volatiles and attractiveness of humans to malaria mosquitoes.
PubMed: Ozone and ozone byproducts in the cabins of commercial aircraft.
PubMed: Effect of storage time and heat processing on the volatile profile of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858) muscle.
PubMed: Near real-time VOCs analysis using an aspiration ion mobility spectrometer.
PubMed: Odour-causing compounds in air samples: gas-liquid partition coefficients and determination using solid-phase microextraction and GC with mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed: Colonial seabird's paralytic perfume slows lice down: an opportunity for parasite-mediated selection?
PubMed: Common host-derived chemicals increase catches of disease-transmitting mosquitoes and can improve early warning systems for Rift Valley fever virus.
PubMed: Promiscuous catalysis of asymmetric Michael-type additions of linear aldehydes to β-nitrostyrene by the proline-based enzyme 4-oxalocrotonate tautomerase.
PubMed: Effects of aliphatic aldehydes on the growth and patulin production of Penicillium expansum in apple juice.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic flavour precursors from enzymatic hydrolysis-mild thermal oxidation tallow by descriptive sensory analysis and gas chromatography-olfactometry and partial least squares regression.
PubMed: Influence of processing on the volatile profile of strawberry spreads made with isomaltulose.
PubMed: Ion mobility spectrometry for detection of skin volatiles.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile organic compounds from human analogue decomposition using thermal desorption coupled to comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Volatile compounds emitted by Triatoma dimidiata, a vector of Chagas disease: chemical analysis and behavioural evaluation.
PubMed: Isolation and biological activities of decanal, linalool, valencene, and octanal from sweet orange oil.
PubMed: Identification of host kairomones from maize, Zea mays, for the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais.
PubMed: Determination of volatile compounds in New Zealand Greenshell™ mussels (Perna canaliculus) during chilled storage using solid phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A smell that causes seizure.
PubMed: Removal of off-flavors from sea tangle (Laminaria japonica) extract by fermentation with Aspergillus oryzae.
PubMed: Application of hydrogen peroxide encapsulated in silica xerogels to oxidation reactions.
PubMed: Microwave-assisted synthesis of N-isobutyl-4,5-epoxy-2(E)-decenamide.
PubMed: A bioelectronic sensor based on canine olfactory nanovesicle-carbon nanotube hybrid structures for the fast assessment of food quality.
PubMed: Temporal profiling of human urine VOCs and its potential role under the ruins of collapsed buildings.
PubMed: Adsorption of naphthalene and ozone on atmospheric air/ice interfaces coated with surfactants: a molecular simulation study.
PubMed: ZnO nanorod coating for solid phase microextraction and its applications for the analysis of aldehydes in instant noodle samples.
PubMed: Olfaction in dragonflies: electrophysiological evidence.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds and metal leaching from composite products made from fiberglass-resin portion of printed circuit board waste.
PubMed: Simple derivatization of aldehydes with D-cysteine and their determination in beverages by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Effect of liquid retentate storage on flavor of spray-dried whey protein concentrate and isolate.
PubMed: Functional characterization and immunolocalization of odorant binding protein 1 in the lucerne plant bug, Adelphocoris lineolatus (GOEZE).
PubMed: Volatile analysis of ground almonds contaminated with naturally occurring fungi.
PubMed: Odour-causing organic compounds in wastewater treatment plants: evaluation of headspace solid-phase microextraction as a concentration technique.
PubMed: Chemical characterization of commercial Sherry vinegar aroma by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed: Development of a sampling method for the simultaneous monitoring of straight-chain alkanes, straight-chain saturated carbonyl compounds and monoterpenes in remote areas.
PubMed: Photooxidation of n-octanal in air: experimental and theoretical study.
PubMed: SPME-GC-MS versus Selected Ion Flow Tube Mass Spectrometry (SIFT-MS) analyses for the study of volatile compound generation and oxidation status during dry fermented sausage processing.
PubMed: A new method for the determination of carbonyl compounds in wines by headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Influence of heating time and metal ions on the amount of free fatty acids and formation rates of selected carbonyl compounds during the thermal oxidation of canola oil.
PubMed: Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata, to sorghum volatiles.
PubMed: The three-dimensional structure of AKR11B4, a glycerol dehydrogenase from Gluconobacter oxydans, reveals a tryptophan residue as an accelerator of reaction turnover.
PubMed: Functionalization vs. fragmentation: n-aldehyde oxidation mechanisms and secondary organic aerosol formation.
PubMed: Application of ion mobility spectrometry for the detection of human urine.
PubMed: Gap junctions in olfactory neurons modulate olfactory sensitivity.
PubMed: Arm-in-cage testing of natural human-derived mosquito repellents.
PubMed: Characterization and discrimination of premium-quality, waxy, and black-pigmented rice based on odor-active compounds.
PubMed: Freshness characterisation of whiting (Merlangius merlangus) using an SPME/GC/MS method and a statistical multivariate approach.
PubMed: Molecular characterization, expression analysis, and role of ALDH3B1 in the cellular protection against oxidative stress.
PubMed: Evolution of the volatile compounds of ripened sausages as a function of both storage time and composition of packaging atmosphere.
PubMed: Hypervalent lambda3-bromane strategy for Baeyer-Villiger oxidation: selective transformation of primary aliphatic and aromatic aldehydes to formates, which is missing in the classical Baeyer-Villiger oxidation.
PubMed: Aroma character impact compounds in Kinokuni mandarin orange (Citrus kinokuni) compared with Satsuma mandarin orange (Citrus unshiu).
PubMed: How big is the gap between olfactory detection and recognition of aliphatic aldehydes?
PubMed: Impaired olfactory function in mice with allergic rhinitis.
PubMed: Glycerol acetals as anti-freezing additives for biodiesel.
PubMed: Odor detection by humans of lineal aliphatic aldehydes and helional as gauged by dose-response functions.
PubMed: Kairomonal response of the parasitoid, Bracon hebetor Say, to the male-produced sex pheromone of its host, the greater Waxmoth, Galleria mellonella (L.).
PubMed: The effect of bleaching agent on the flavor of liquid whey and whey protein concentrate.
PubMed: Between plant and diurnal variation in quantities and ratios of volatile compounds emitted by Vicia faba plants.
PubMed: Breath gas aldehydes as biomarkers of lung cancer.
PubMed: Fluorinated 1-phenyl-1H-tetrazol-5-yl sulfone derivatives as general reagents for fluoroalkylidene synthesis.
PubMed: Analysis of aldehyde reductases from Gluconobacter oxydans 621H.
PubMed: Off-odor compounds produced in cork by isolated bacteria and fungi: a gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-olfactometry study.
PubMed: Real-time monitoring of odorant-induced cellular reactions using surface plasmon resonance.
PubMed: Two novel metal-independent long-chain alkyl alcohol dehydrogenases from Geobacillus thermodenitrificans NG80-2.
PubMed: Effect of soybean volatile compounds on Aspergillus flavus growth and aflatoxin production.
PubMed: Biotransformation of menthol and geraniol by hairy root cultures of Anethum graveolens: effect on growth and volatile components.
PubMed: Volatile composition of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Field-testing of synthetic herbivore-induced plant volatiles as attractants for beneficial insects.
PubMed: Menthol and geraniol biotransformation and glycosylation capacity of Levisticum officinale hairy roots.
PubMed: Determination of organochlorine compounds in neuston from the Mediterranean.
PubMed: The importance of odorant conformation to the binding and activation of a representative olfactory receptor.
PubMed: [Characterization of aroma active compounds in blood orange juice by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry].
PubMed: Accretion reactions of octanal catalyzed by sulfuric acid: product identification, reaction pathways, and atmospheric implications.
PubMed: Manganese enhanced MRI reveals functional circuitry in response to odorant stimuli.
PubMed: Natural odor ligands for olfactory receptor neurons of the female mosquito Aedes aegypti: use of gas chromatography-linked single sensillum recordings.
PubMed: Alkylamine sensing using langmuir-blodgett films of n-alkyl-N-phenylamide-substituted zinc porphyrins.
PubMed: Nematicidal activity of plant essential oils and components from coriander (Coriandrum sativum), Oriental sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis), and valerian (Valeriana wallichii) essential oils against pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus).
PubMed: Characterization of aroma active compounds in fruit juice and peel oil of Jinchen sweet orange fruit (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck) by GC-MS and GC-O.
PubMed: A copper complex bearing a TEMPO moiety as catalyst for the aerobic oxidation of primary alcohols.
PubMed: Identification of volatile compounds used in host location by the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae.
PubMed: Seasonal covariation in progesterone and odorant emissions among breeding crested auklets (Aethia cristatella).
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction for determining twelve orange flavour compounds in a model beverage emulsion.
PubMed: New insight into stimulus-induced plasticity of the olfactory epithelium in Mus musculus by quantitative proteomics.
PubMed: Nitrogen stress induction on Levisticum officinale hairy roots grown in darkness and under photoperiod conditions: effect on growth and volatile components.
PubMed: Catalytic importance of the substrate binding order for the FMNH2-dependent alkanesulfonate monooxygenase enzyme.
PubMed: Delayed volatile compound release properties of self-assembly structures in emulsions.
PubMed: Enhancement of odorant detection sensitivity by the expression of odorant-binding protein.
PubMed: Analysis of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, xylenes and n-aldehydes in melted snow water via solid-phase dynamic extraction combined with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Determination of aldehydes in human breath by on-fibre derivatization, solid-phase microextraction and GC-MS.
PubMed: Constituents of essential oil from the dried fruits and stems of Akebia quinata (THUNB.) DECNE.
PubMed: Enhancement of the stability of a prolipase from Rhizopus oryzae toward aldehydes by saturation mutagenesis.
PubMed: OdorMapComparer: an application for quantitative analyses and comparisons of fMRI brain odor maps.
PubMed: Functional analysis of a subset of canine olfactory receptor genes.
PubMed: Purification and characterization of aldehyde dehydrogenase with a broad substrate specificity originated from 2-phenylethanol-assimilating Brevibacterium sp. KU1309.
PubMed: SOA formation by biogenic and carbonyl compounds: data evaluation and application.
PubMed: Identification of volatile degradants in formulations containing sesame oil using SPME/GC/MS.
PubMed: Expression and initial characterization of human ALDH3B1.
PubMed: Heterogeneous chemistry of butanol and decanol with sulfuric acid: implications for secondary organic aerosol formation.
PubMed: Synthesis of isonicotinoylhydrazones from anacardic acid and their in vitro activity against Mycobacterium smegmatis.
PubMed: The chemical nature of fetid floral odours in stapeliads (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae).
PubMed: Electrophysiological responses of the lepidopterous stemborers Chilo partellus and Busseola fusca to volatiles from wild and cultivated host plants.
PubMed: Changes in headspace volatile concentrations of coffee brews caused by the roasting process and the brewing procedure.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds as spoilage indicators in fresh king salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during storage using SPME-GC-MS.
PubMed: Measurement of chemical emissions in crested auklets (Aethia cristatella).
PubMed: Determination of volatile organic compound patterns characteristic of five unifloral honey by solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry coupled to chemometrics.
PubMed: Purification, characterization and cloning of aldehyde dehydrogenase from Rhodococcus erythropolis UPV-1.
PubMed: Carbonyl emissions from commercial cooking sources in Hong Kong.
PubMed: Screening the oxidative potential of several mono- and di-halogenated biphenyls and biphenyl ethers in rat hepatocytes.
PubMed: Combined behavioral and c-Fos studies elucidate the vital role of sodium for odor detection.
PubMed: Model studies on the efficacy of protein homogenates from raw pork muscle and dry-cured ham in binding selected flavor compounds.
PubMed: Changes induced by UV radiation during virgin olive oil storage.
PubMed: Migration and sensory properties of plastics-based nets used as food-contacting materials under ambient and high temperature heating conditions.
PubMed: Comparison of aroma volatiles in commercial Merlot and Cabernet Sauvignon wines using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed: Amine degradation by 4,5-epoxy-2-decenal in model systems.
PubMed: Dual signal transduction mediated by a single type of olfactory receptor expressed in a heterologous system.
PubMed: Application of lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation biomarkers for oxidative damage in mammalian cells. A comparison with two fluorescent probes.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed: Characterization of retinaldehyde dehydrogenase 3.
PubMed: Gene cloning and characterization of aldehyde dehydrogenase from a petroleum-degrading bacterium, strain HD-1.
PubMed: Influence of the addition of rosemary essential oil on the volatiles pattern of porcine frankfurters.
PubMed: Quality characteristics of irradiated turkey breast rolls formulated with plum extract.
PubMed: Aroma composition of red wines by different extraction methods and Gas Chromatography-SIM/MASS spectrometry analysis.
PubMed: Response of Plutella xylostella and its parasitoid Cotesia plutellae to volatile compounds.
PubMed: Identification of the larval aggregation pheromone of codling moth, Cydia pomonella.
PubMed: A redefinition of odor mixture quality.
PubMed: Analysis of derivatized biogenic aldehydes by LC tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed: [Analysis of residual volatiles in recycled polyethylene terephthalate].
PubMed: Influence of pasture or grain-based diets supplemented with vitamin E on antioxidant/oxidative balance of Argentine beef.
PubMed: Evaluation of a multi-parameter biomarker set for oxidative damage in man: increased urinary excretion of lipid, protein and DNA oxidation products after one hour of exercise.
PubMed: Interaction of soluble peptides and proteins from skeletal muscle with volatile compounds in model systems as affected by curing agents.
PubMed: Piezoelectric olfactory biosensor: ligand specificity and dose-dependence of an olfactory receptor expressed in a heterologous cell system.
PubMed: Chemical composition of anther volatiles in Ranunculaceae: genera-specific profiles in Anemone, Aquilegia, Caltha, Pulsatilla, Ranunculus, and Trollius species.
PubMed: Mastrus ridibundus parasitoids eavesdrop on cocoon-spinning codling moth, Cydia pomonella, larvae.
PubMed: Local and global chemotopic organization: general features of the glomerular representations of aliphatic odorants differing in carbon number.
PubMed: Production of volatile compounds by Fuji apples following exposure to high CO2 or low O2.
PubMed: Predicted 3-D structures for mouse I7 and rat I7 olfactory receptors and comparison of predicted odor recognition profiles with experiment.
PubMed: Characteristic odor components of Citrus reticulata Blanco (ponkan) cold-pressed oil.
PubMed: Analysis of volatiles in porcine liver pâtés with added sage and rosemary essential oils by using SPME-GC-MS.
PubMed: Volatile organic compound (VOC) analysis and sources of limonene, cyclohexanone and straight chain aldehydes in axenic cultures of Calothrix and Plectonema.
PubMed: Analysis of insecticidal Azadirachta indica A. Juss. fractions.
PubMed: Photoelectron resonance capture ionization (PERCI): a novel technique for the soft-ionization of organic compounds.
PubMed: Determination of important odor-active aldehydes of wine through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of their O-(2,3,4,5,6-pentafluorobenzyl)oximes formed directly in the solid phase extraction cartridge used for selective isolation.
PubMed: MS fragment isotope ratio analysis for evaluation of citrus essential oils by HRGC-MS.
PubMed: Determination of airborne carbonyls: comparison of a thermal desorption/GC method with the standard DNPH/HPLC method.
PubMed: Induction of apoptosis by Citrus paradisi essential oil in human leukemic (HL-60) cells.
PubMed: Sampling and analysis of volatile organic compounds in bovine breath by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A pharmacological profile of the aldehyde receptor repertoire in rat olfactory epithelium.
PubMed: Migration of volatile degradation products into ozonated water from plastic packaging materials.
PubMed: A comparison of warmed-over flavour in pork by sensory analysis, GC/MS and the electronic nose.
PubMed: Interactions of soluble peptides and proteins from skeletal muscle on the release of volatile compounds.
PubMed: Receptor contributions to configural and elemental odor mixture perception.
PubMed: Particle growth by acid-catalyzed heterogeneous reactions of organic carbonyls on preexisting aerosols.
PubMed: A tangerine-scented social odour in a monogamous seabird.
PubMed: Kinetic behavior of Desulfovibrio gigas aldehyde oxidoreductase encapsulated in reverse micelles.
PubMed: Identification of aroma active compounds in orange essence oil using gas chromatography-olfactometry and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A novel potato defence-related alcohol:NADP+ oxidoreductase induced in response to Erwinia carotovora.
PubMed: Atmospheric chemistry of nonanal.
PubMed: Comparison of three small chamber test methods for the measurement of VOC emission rates from paint.
PubMed: Influence of flavour absorption by food-packaging materials (low-density polyethylene, polycarbonate and polyethylene terephthalate) on taste perception of a model solution and orange juice.
PubMed: Functional expression of a mammalian olfactory receptor in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed: Use of inverse gas chromatography to determine thermodynamic parameters of aroma-starch interactions.
PubMed: Odor-active compounds of Iberian hams with different aroma characteristics.
PubMed: Effects of pulsed electric field processing and storage on the quality and stability of single-strength orange juice.
PubMed: Development of a headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method for the identification of odour-causing volatile compounds in packaging materials.
PubMed: Desaturation, chain scission, and register-shift of oxygen-substituted fatty acids during reaction with stearoyl-ACP desaturase.
PubMed: Attractant volatiles released by female and male Triatoma infestans (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), a vector of chagas disease: chemical analysis and behavioral bioassay.
PubMed: Influence of lipid fraction, emulsifier fraction, and mean particle diameter of oil-in-water emulsions on the release of 20 aroma compounds.
PubMed: Effects of aldehydes and methods of cross-linking on properties of calcium alginate microspheres prepared by emulsification.
PubMed: Atmospheric secondary aerosol formation by heterogeneous reactions of aldehydes in the presence of a sulfuric acid aerosol catalyst.
PubMed: Functional expression and characterization of odorant receptors using the Semliki Forest virus system.
PubMed: Heteropteran chemical repellents identified in the citrus odor of a seabird (crested auklet: Aethia cristatella): evolutionary convergence in chemical ecology.
PubMed: Elisa to quantify hexanal-protein adducts in a meat model system.
PubMed: Interactions between artificial saliva and 20 aroma compounds in water and oil model systems.
PubMed: Sexual pheromone or conventional odors increase extracellular lactate without changing glucose utilization in specific brain areas of the rat.
PubMed: Olfactory and behavioural responses of the blood-sucking bug Triatoma infestans to odours of vertebrate hosts.
PubMed: Facile lewis acid catalyzed synthesis of C(4) symmetric resorcinarenes
PubMed: Aroma profiles of vegetable oils varying in fatty acid composition vs. concentrations of primary and secondary lipid oxidation products.
PubMed: Aroma of fresh oysters Crassostrea gigas: composition and aroma notes.
PubMed: Response of urinary lipophilic aldehydes and related carbonyl compounds to factors that stimulate lipid peroxidation in vivo.
PubMed: Effects of the sniffing port air makeup in gas chromatography-olfactometry.
PubMed: Ligand-binding properties and structural characterization of a novel rat odorant-binding protein variant.
PubMed: Analysis of the molecular basis for octanal interactions in the expressed rat 17 olfactory receptor.
PubMed: Modeling flavor release from aqueous sucrose solutions, using mass transfer and partition coefficients.
PubMed: Effects of volatile aldehydes from Aspergillus-resistant varieties of corn on Aspergillus parasiticus growth and aflatoxin biosynthesis.
PubMed: Effect of aldehyde lipid oxidation products on myoglobin.
PubMed: Responsiveness of olfactory neurons to distinct aliphatic aldehydes.
PubMed: Chemicals in laboratory room air stimulate olfactory neurons of female Bombyx mori.
PubMed: Production and specificity of polyclonal antibodies to hexanal-lysine adducts.
PubMed: Hepatic production of apolar aldehydes in rats with carbon tetrachloride-induced cirrhosis.
PubMed: Lipophilic aldehydes and related carbonyl compounds in rat and human urine.
PubMed: Overexpression, purification and characterization of Mycobacterium bovis BCG alcohol dehydrogenase.
PubMed: Identification of ligands for olfactory receptors by functional expression of a receptor library.
PubMed: S-Nitrosoglutathione is a substrate for rat alcohol dehydrogenase class III isoenzyme.
PubMed: Nasal pungency and odor of homologous aldehydes and carboxylic acids.
PubMed: Enzymatic characteristics of retinal dehydrogenase type I expressed in Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Aggregation pheromone system of nymphal gregarious desert locust,Schistocerca gregaria (forskĂĄl).
PubMed: Evidence for an Elongation/Reduction/C1-Elimination Pathway in the Biosynthesis of n-Heptane in Xylem of Jeffrey Pine.
PubMed: Cloning of a cDNA encoding an aldehyde dehydrogenase and its expression in Escherichia coli. Recognition of retinal as substrate.
PubMed: Identification of glutathione S-transferase as a determinant of 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide resistance in human breast cancer cells.
PubMed: Synthesis of (R,S)-10-methyloctadecanoic acid (tuberculostearic acid) and key chiral 2-methyl branched intermediates.
PubMed: Identification of a methylcholanthrene-induced aldehyde dehydrogenase in a human breast adenocarcinoma cell line exhibiting oxazaphosphorine-specific acquired resistance.
PubMed: Spectral detection of an intermediate preceding the excited state in the bacterial luciferase reaction.
PubMed: Multifunctional activities of pickerel liver alcohol dehydrogenase.
PubMed: [Hygienic evaluation of photochemical transformation of automobile exhaust fumes as effected by ozone].
PubMed: Fluorescent polyene aliphatics as spectroscopic and mechanistic probes for bacterial luciferase: evidence against carbonyl product from aldehyde as the primary excited species.
PubMed: Functional consequences of site-directed mutation of conserved histidyl residues of the bacterial luciferase alpha subunit.
PubMed: Enhanced enzymatic activity and stability of trypsin by reductive alkylation in solid phase.
PubMed: Identification of the mouse aldehyde dehydrogenases important in aldophosphamide detoxification.
PubMed: Attraction ofOryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) andOryzaephilus mercator (Fauvel) (Coleoptera: Cucujidae) to some common volatiles of food.
PubMed: Chemistry of mandibular and Dufour's gland secretions of ants in genusMyrmecocystus.
PubMed: Random and site-directed mutagenesis of bacterial luciferase: investigation of the aldehyde binding site.
PubMed: Chemical communication in cucujid grain beetles.
PubMed: Coyote estrous urine volatiles.
PubMed: Oxygenated compounds in beeswax: identification and possible significance.
PubMed: Possible role of aldehydic lipid peroxidation products as chemoattractants.
PubMed: Characterization of microsomal NADPH-dependent aldehyde reductase from rat brain.
PubMed: Human liver alcohol dehydrogenase isozymes: reduction of aldehydes and ketones.
PubMed: Volatile food attractants forOryzaephilus surinamensis (L.) from oats.
PubMed: Metabolic activation of saturated aldehydes to cause destruction of cytochrome P-450 in vitro.
PubMed: The biodistribution and metabolic fate of inhaled 11C-octanal in the rat after acute exposure.
PubMed: Environmental trace analysis of organics in water by glass capillary column chromatography and ancillary techniques. Products of ozonolysis.
PubMed: Bacterial bioluminescence: equilibrium association measurements, quantum yields, reaction kinetics, and overall reaction scheme.
PubMed: An examination of octanol and octanal metabolism to octanoic acid by horse liver alcohol dehydrogenase.
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