EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

4-carvomenthenol
4-terpinenol

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
CAS Number: 562-74-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:1336-05-6
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:209-235-5
FDA UNII:L65MV77ZG6
Nikkaji Web:J6.503J
Beilstein Number:1906603
MDL:MFCD00001562
CoE Number:2229
XlogP3-AA:2.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:154.25266000
Formula:C10 H18 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:439 4-carvomenthenol
FLAVIS Number:02.072 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.072 4-terpinenol
FEMA Number:2248 4-carvomenthenol
FDA Mainterm: 4-CARVOMENTHENOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.92800 to 0.93400 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.722 to 7.772
Refractive Index:1.47600 to 1.48000 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 88.00 to 90.00 °C. @ 6.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 209.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.048000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 175.00 °F. TCC ( 79.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.260
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 386.6 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:20 hour(s) at 100.00 %
peppery woody earthy musty sweet
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. pepper woody earth musty sweet
Luebke, William tgsc, (1992)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
woody mentholic citrus terpenic spicy
Odor Description:at 5.00 %. Woody, ceding, mentholic, citrus terpy, spicy
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 4, 33, (1998)
Flavor Type: cooling
cooling woody earthy clove spicy citrus
Taste Description: at 25.00 ppm. Cooling, woody, earthy, clove spicy with a citrus undernote
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 4, 33, (1998)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Carvomenthenol, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor Description:chocolate; grapefruit; lemon; lime; fruity; herbaceous; minty; woody
Taste Description:sweet citrus green tropical fruity
Takasago
Terpinen-4-ol ≥97% as 4-Terpinenol
Odor Description:Warm-peppery, mildly earthy, misty-woody
Used in flavor and fragrance for citrus and spice types. Used in reconstitutions of essential oils such as lavender and geranium.
Symrise
Terpinenol-4
Odor Description:pleasing, earthy-green note with a slightly peppery-woody undernote
Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (very good), soap (very good), ap roll-on (very good), powder (good), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Taste Description:earthy, musty, terpenic, lime, thyme
Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Moellhausen
TERPINEN-4-OL Natural
Odor Description:sweet, herbaceous, fresh
Taste Description:sweet, menthol, tropical fruity
Symrise
Terpinenol-4 natural
Taste Description:earthy, musty, terpenic, lime, thyme
Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Takasago
Terpinen-4-ol Natural
Odor Description:Warm-peppery, mildly earthy, misty-woody
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
TERPINENOL-4 NATURAL
96% min.
Anhui Haibei
Terpinen-4-ol natural
Associate Allied Chemicals
Terpenin 4 OL
About
Augustus Oils
Terpinen-4-ol
Services
Axxence Aromatic
4-TERPINENOL Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Beijing Lys Chemicals
4-Carvomenthenol (natural)
Berjé
Terpinen-4-ol
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Terpinen-4-ol
Bontoux
TERPINENOL4 NATURAL ISOLATE
CG Herbals
Terpinen-4-ol
Odor: Herbal Pepper Earthy Woody
Citrus and Allied Essences
Terpinenol-4 95/96% FCC (natural)
Market Report
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINEN-4-OL NATURAL
Odor: MILD, EARTHY,WOODY, MUSTY, PEPPER
Excellentia International
4-Terpineol Natural
Fleurchem
4-carvomenthenol natural
Foreverest Resources
Terpinen-4-ol 95%
Odor: pepper woody earth musty sweet
Use: Terpinen-4-ol is a kind of natural terpene alcohol isolated from essential oil, it is widely used in flavors and fragrances and in reconstitution of essential oil such as rose, lavender and geranium. On the other hand, terpinen-4-ol has strong effects of disinfection, sterilization and antisepsis, it can also be used as natural disinfectant to treat illness and hurts.
Indenta Group
Terpinen-4-ol
Indukern F&F
TERPINEN-4-OL NATURAL
Odor: EARTHY, WOODY
Lluch Essence
TERPINEN-4-OL NATURAL 89%
Lluch Essence
TERPINEN-4-OL NATURAL 97%
Lluch Essence
TERPINEN-4-OL
M&U International
TERPINEN-4-OL, Kosher
Moellhausen
TERPINEN-4-OL Natural
Odor: sweet, herbaceous, fresh
Flavor: sweet, menthol, tropical fruity
Nectar Lifesciences
Terpinen 4 ol
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
4-Terpineol 90% up
O'Laughlin Industries
TERPINENE-4-OL NATURAL
Penta International
D-TERPINENOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
DL-TERPINENOL, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
Penta International
L-TERPINENOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Terpinen-4-ol Natural
Prodasynth
TERPINEN-4-OL > 97
Odor: MILD, EARTHY,WOODY, MUSTY, PEPPER
Reincke & Fichtner
4-Carvomenthenol natural
Reincke & Fichtner
4-Carvomenthenol
Robertet
TERPINENE 1-OL-4
Pure & Nat (EU)
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Carvomenthenol, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: chocolate; grapefruit; lemon; lime; fruity; herbaceous; minty; woody
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Carvomenthenol, natural, ≥95%, FG
Odor: chocolate; grapefruit; lemon; lime; fruity; herbaceous; minty; woody
SRS Aromatics
TERPINENE 4 OL
Symrise
Terpinenol-4 natural
Flavor: earthy, musty, terpenic, lime, thyme
Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Symrise
Terpinenol-4
Odor: pleasing, earthy-green note with a slightly peppery-woody undernote
Use: Stable in: body lotion (good), shampoo (very good), soap (very good), ap roll-on (very good), powder (good), cleaner citric (poor), cleaner apc (very good), bleach (poor).
Flavor: earthy, musty, terpenic, lime, thyme
Useful in: mint, savory vegetable, savory spices, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, sweet others, alcoholics.
Synerzine
4-Carvomenthenol
Takasago
Terpinen-4-ol Natural
The Fragrance Museum
Takasago
Terpinen-4-ol
≥97% as 4-Terpinenol
Odor: Warm-peppery, mildly earthy, misty-woody
Use: Used in flavor and fragrance for citrus and spice types. Used in reconstitutions of essential oils such as lavender and geranium.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(±)-Terpinen-4-ol >95.0%(GC)
The John D. Walsh Company
Terpinen-4-ol
Treatt
Terpinene-4-ol
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
5 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1300 mg/kg
(Moreno, 1977v)

oral-mouse LD50 1016 mg/kg
Zhonghua Jiehe He Huxixi Jibing Zazhi. Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. Vol. 4(4), Pg.203,1981.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 250 mg/kg
KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME INCREASED
Cesko-Slovenska Farmacie. Vol. 8, Pg. 433, 1959.

intramuscular-mouse LD50 780 mg/kg
KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME INCREASED
Cesko-Slovenska Farmacie. Vol. 8, Pg. 433, 1959.

intramuscular-rat LD50 1500 mg/kg
KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME INCREASED
Cesko-Slovenska Farmacie. Vol. 8, Pg. 433, 1959.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 2500 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 20, Pg. 833, 1982

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 750 mg/kg
KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME INCREASED
Cesko-Slovenska Farmacie. Vol. 8, Pg. 433, 1959.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
maximum skin levels for fine fragrances:
  0.1300 % and are based on the assumption that the fragrance mixture is used at 20% in a consumer product (IFRA Use Level Survey). (IFRA, 2006)
Recommendation for 4-carvomenthenol usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
use level in formulae for use in cosmetics:
  0.0430 %
Dermal Systemic Exposure in Cosmetic Products:
 0.0011 mg/kg/day (IFRA, 2006)
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 150.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -7.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.0000021.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 1.0000084.00000
fruit ices: 1.0000084.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 7.0000063.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 18 (FGE.18): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical group 6
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 18, Revision 1 (FGE. 18 Rev1)[1] : Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical groups 6 and 8
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):562-74-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :11230
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
Chemidplus:0000562743
RTECS:OT0175110 for cas# 562-74-3
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:562-74-3
Pubchem (cid):11230
Pubchem (sid):134978014
Flavornet:562-74-3
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C17073
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35833
FooDB:FDB014601
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01790
Export Tariff Code:2906.19.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
FAO:4-Carvomenthenol
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
amber
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
anisic
bitter
fennel seed oil spain
FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canada
FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
citrus
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lime oil replacer
FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
earthy
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
pogostemon cablin leaf extract
FR
floral
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
bois de rose oil terpeneless
FL/FR
dihydro-alpha-ionone
FL/FR
dihydromyrcene
FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
bisabolene
FL/FR
green
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)oct-2-ene
FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
lawsonia inermis leaf oil CO2 extract
FR
oakmoss oil
FR
herbal
arnica flower absolute
FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
guava leaf oil cuba
FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
ortho-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
spicy
agarospirol
FR
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice oil
FL/FR
allspice oleoresin
FL/FR
atractylis root oil
FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ethyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
tropical
patchwood
FR
woody
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
cyperus root oil (cyperus scariosus)
FR
cypriol oil (cyperus scariosus)
FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
dihydro-gamma-ionone
FL/FR
(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-
dimethyl-5-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-azulen-1-one
FL/FR
dryopteris filix-mas oleoresin
FR
guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oil
FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
herbal norbornane
FR
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
methyl vetivate
FR
orris hexanone
FR
terpeneless
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
pelargonium radula oil
FR
pinacol
FR
pogostemon cablin leaf oil
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sugi wood oil
FR
beta-
terpineol
FL/FR
3(or 2),4,5-
trimethyl octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol
FR
1,3,5,7-
undecatetraene
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil fractions
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
alpha-
bisabolol
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
dihydro-gamma-ionone
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
(3S,5R,8S)-3,8-
dimethyl-5-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-2H-azulen-1-one
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
alpha-
guaiene
FL/FR
(E,E)-
piperine
FL/FR
3-
propyl pyridine
FL
beta-
terpineol
FL/FR
1,3,5,7-
undecatetraene
FL/FR
vitispirane
FL
amber
amber
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
tolu balsam oil
FL/FR
berry
dihydro-alpha-ionone
FL/FR
camphoreous
fenchol
FL/FR
(-)-alpha-
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
ortho-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
citrus
bisabolene
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
cooling
beta-homo
cyclocitral
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
undecadienal
FL
floral
bois de rose oil terpeneless
FL/FR
rhodinyl acetate
FL/FR
green
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
iso
phorone
FL
herbal
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
naphthyl
para-
methyl anisole
FL/FR
smoky
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice oil
FL/FR
allspice oleoresin
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oleoresin
FL
ethyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
ethyl vinyl ketone
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
vanilla
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
terpeneless
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
yerba mate concentrate
FL
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRapricot
FLapricot brandy
FRblackberry
FL/FRcardamom
FLcarrot
 chocolate cocoa
FRcinnamon
FRcitrus
FL/FRcoriander
FRcranberry
FRcurrant
FL/FRestragon tarragon
FLgin
 grape brandy
FRhoney miel
FL/FRhops houblon
FRhuckleberry bilberry
FRlime
FRlotus
FRmace
FRmango
FL/FRmarjoram
FRnut filbert
FRnut peanut
FLnut pecan
FRnutmeg
FL/FRoregano
FRpassion fruit
FRpeach
FRspice
FRtangerine
FRtea green
FL/FRthyme
FLtomato
FLtropical
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 1.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.77%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 1.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 allspice fruit
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 allspice leaf oil
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 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.30%
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 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.70%
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 angelica root oil @ 0.08%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
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 apple fruit
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 apple juice
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 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 3.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran @ 2.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.10%
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 ayou wood oil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
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 basil oil
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 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.40%
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
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 basil plant
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 basil shoot oil
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 bay laurel leaf
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay laurel oil
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.05-0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.008-0.042%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.005%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.003%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.006%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ 0.14-0.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bois de rose oil brazil @ 0.10-0.26%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 1.37%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.75%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cabbage shoot
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 1.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamintha nepeta (l.) savi subsp. glandulosa oil greece @ 0.50%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.21%
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 calamus rhizome oil @ 0.22%
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 calamus root oil @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 1.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 8.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga leaf oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 caraway plant
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 cardamom fruit
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 cardamom fruit oil
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 cardamom oil CO2 extract guatemala @ 2.00%
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 cardamom seed oil
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 cardamom seed oil @ 2.00%
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 carrot leaf oil @ 0.27%
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 carrot root
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.93-8.17%
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 carrot weed oil @ 1.60%
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
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 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 0.90%
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 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 cassis bud oil @ 0.40-4.52%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cayenne fruit
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 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.42-0.84%
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 celery leaf oil
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 celery leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 celery seed
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 chamomile flower oil germany @ trace%
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 champaca concrete @ 0.03%
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 cherry sour cherry
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.70%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.40%
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) india @ 0.80%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.09%
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 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.14-0.19%
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 cinnamon twig oil @ 0.50%
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 cistus oil @ 0.8%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.65%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.04%
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 citronella oil java @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil france @ trace-0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove oil
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 coriander fruit
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 coriander oil
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 coriander seed oil
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 1.38%
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 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.10%
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 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 9.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 0.10%
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 cubeb oil @ 2.69%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed
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 cumin seed oil
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ 0.16%
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 cumin seed oil turkey @ trace%
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 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
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 currant black currant leaf
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 curry fruit oil india @ 0.30%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 0.40%
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 cypress cone oil egypt @ 1.6%
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 cypress oil @ 0.35-1.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill leaf
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 dill oil
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 dill seed
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 elder black elder flower oil
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 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 4.40%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 4.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 2.50%
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 eucalyptus dives
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 1.46%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 3.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 4.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus viminalis labill. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.27%
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 fennel oil
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 fennel seed
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 fennel seed oil sweet @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ferula cupularis leaf oil @ 3.45%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 2.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir needle oil canada @ 0.06-0.29%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 galangal root oil @ 1.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 0.12%
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil china @ 0.10%
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) bark oil india @ 0.20%
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 19.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.05%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.18%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.09%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.09%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.12%
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 grapefruit oil california @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.07%
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 guava leaf oil cuba @ trace%
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 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ho leaf oil @ 0.04%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 2.10-5.30%
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 hyssop flower
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 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop oil @ 0.4%
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 jambu flower oil brazil @ 0.10%
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 juniper berry oil @ 2.10%
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 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 16.30%
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 juniper branch oil @ 2.00%
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 juniper needle oil @ 4.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kachur oil @ 0.70%
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 kewda oil @ 18.07-20.88%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 1.10%
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 labdanum oil @ 0.70%
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 laurel bark oil @ 6.8%
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 laurel berry oil @ 26.8%
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 laurel leaf oil @ 5.7%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 4.30%
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 laurel stem oil @ 7.0%
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 laurel wood oil @ 8.4%
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 lavandin absolute grosso @ 1.10%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 1.23%
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 lavandin oil china @ 0.10%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 3.34%
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 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 4.39%
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 lavandula officinalis flower oil @ 2.90%
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 lavender oil @ 5.39%
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 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 3.79%
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 lavender oil france @ 1.52%
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 lavender oil greece @ 1.05%
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 lavender oil spike @ 0.70%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 0.36%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.19%
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 lavender spike water @ 0.71%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 6.68%
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 layana oil kenya @ 6.50%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ trace-0.10%
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 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.11%
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 lemon pericarp oil
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 1.0%
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.31%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.15%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.48%
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 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.14%
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 levisticum officinale seed oil @ trace%
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 5.72%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.97%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.71%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.26%
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 lovage root
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 mace oil @ 23.60%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.70%
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 mace oil east india @ 4.59%
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin leaf oil
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 mandarin oil @ 0.04%
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 mandarin oil @ 1.49%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.20%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.27%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.04%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.04%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace-0.01%
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 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ 0.80%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 0.40%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 1.30%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.04%
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 marjoram leaf
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 marjoram leaf oil
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.30%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 17.67%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 16.60-21.60%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 22.30%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.22-0.29%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram shoot oil
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 mastic fruit oil @ 13.07%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 5.31%
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 mastic oil @ 0.10%
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 mentha longifolia (l.) huds. oil jordan @ trace%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.03%
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 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 0.50%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 7.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.36%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 3.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.11%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.70%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 1.40%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 11.63%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 1.89-6.78%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 7.2%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 5.72%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ trace%
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 orange bigarade oil @ 0.10%
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 orange fruit
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 orange fruit juice
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ 0.03%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.20%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.06%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.003%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.006%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.007%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.008%
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 orangeflower absolute morocco @ 0.0-0.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 oregano oil
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.33%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 oregano plant
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.46%
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 osmanthus absolute @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 papaya fruit
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 parsley leaf
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 patchouli oil china @ 0.01%
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 pennyroyal oil @ trace%
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 0.60%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.03%
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 peppermint oil
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 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.07%
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 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 3.20%
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 2.53%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.20%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.80%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 0.04%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.10%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 2.21%
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 petitgrain oil @ 0.10%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 3.33%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.29%
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 pimento berry oil @ 0.3%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ 0.3%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.39%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 1.2-1.6%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pineapple fruit
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.40%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
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 plumcot fruit
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 2.00%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pteronia oil @ 5.30%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 4.00%%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.41%
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 0.28%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 1.00%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 1.10%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 2.88%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-1.21%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.69-0.91%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 1.6%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 3.63%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 rue oil cuba @ 0.08%
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 safflower flower
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 saffron stigma
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 sage leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 0.50%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.39%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.50%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.60%
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 sage oil england @ 0.70%
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 sage oil germany @ 0.30%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sage oil reunion @ 0.90%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 0.40%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.2-0.8%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.30%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia officinalis oil reunion @ 0.56%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia @ 0.37%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.88%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 santolina oil @ 0.91%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.20%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.10%
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 savin oil @ 3.10%
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 savory oil winter @ 2.80%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 2.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.60%
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ 0.33-0.45%
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 star fruit oil cuba @ trace%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 4.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sunflower flower
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ 0.30%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 0.46%
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 tagete oil egypt @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tamarind fruit
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 tamarind fruit oil
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 tamarind seed oil
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 tangerine oil america @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tansy flower oil canada @ 1.03%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tansy oil argentina @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tansy oil canada @ 0.70%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 1.80%
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 0.50%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tea leaf
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 tea tree oil
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 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 6.50%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 0.9%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 1.04%
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 thyme oil red india @ 0.5%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.98-1.10%
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 thyme oil spain @ 1.15%
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 thyme oil spain @ 1.60%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 0.40%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 2.90%
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 thyme plant
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 0.60%
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 tomato
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 12.20%
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 tsauri grass oil @ 0.10%
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.05%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-0.6%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.13%
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 verbena oil france @ 0.60%
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 wine
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 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 1.10%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.14-1.84%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.13-0.38%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 2.27%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 8.15%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 1.3%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 1.73%
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 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.60%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 5.60%
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 yarrow oil @ 1.10%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 1.10%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.05-0.06%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ trace-0.02%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.01-0.33%
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Synonyms:
4-carvomenthenol (natural)
4-carvomenthenol natural
3-cyclohexen-1-ol, 4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-
(±)-p-menth-1-en-4-ol
(±)-para-menth-1-en-4-ol
p-menth-1-en-4-ol
para-menth-1-en-4-ol
1-p-menthen-4-ol
1-para-menthen-4-ol
1-menthene-4-ol
4-methyl-1-(1-methyl ethyl)-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)-3-cyclohexene-1-ol
4-methyl-1-[1-methylethyl]-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
4-methyl-1-isopropyl-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
4-methyl-1-propan-2-ylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
1-methyl-4-isopropyl-1-cyclohexen-4-ol
1-(1-methylethyl)-4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
 origanol
(±)-1-isopropyl-4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-ol
1-isopropyl-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
(1)-1-(isopropyl)-4-methyl cyclohex-3-en-1-ol
(1)-1-(isopropyl)-4-methylcyclohex-3-en-1-ol
 tea tree heart
 terpinen-4-ol
(±)-terpinen-4-ol
1-terpinen-4-ol
 terpinen-4-ol natural
 terpinene 1-ol-4
 terpinene-4-ol
 terpinene-4-ol (ex eucalyptus)
 terpinene-4-ol natural
4-terpinenol
4-terpinenol natural
D-terpinenol natural
 terpinenol-4
 terpinenol-4 natural
DL-terpinenol, synthetic
 terpinenol4 natural isolate
(±)-4-terpineol
4-terpineol
DL-4-terpineol
 

Articles:

PubMed:The Biological Activity and Composition of the Essential Oil of Sclerorhachis leptoclada (Asteraceae-Anthemideae) from Iran.
J-Stage:Cleavage of a-Dicarbonyl Compounds by Terpene Hydroperoxide
PubMed:Study on cinnamomum oils: compositional pattern of seven species grown in Vietnam.
PubMed:Chemical Constituents and Activities of the Essential Oil from Myristica fragrans against Cigarette Beetle Lasioderma serricorne.
PubMed:Essential oils from Schinus species of northwest Argentina: Composition and antifungal activity.
PubMed:Investigation of terpinen-4-ol effects on vascular smooth muscle relaxation.
PubMed:Monoterpenoid terpinen-4-ol exhibits anticonvulsant activity in behavioural and electrophysiological studies.
PubMed:Essential oil from blackcurrant buds as chemotaxonomy marker and antimicrobial agent.
PubMed:Molecular and phytochemical investigation of Angelica dahurica and Angelica pubescentis essential oils and their biological activity against Aedes aegypti, Stephanitis pyrioides, and Colletotrichum species.
PubMed:Essential oil from leaves of Liquidambar formosana ameliorates inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse macrophages.
PubMed:In-vitro assessment of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of methanol extracts and essential oil of Thymus hirtus sp. algeriensis.
PubMed:Activity of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) essential oil against L3 larvae of Anisakis simplex.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol and alpha-terpineol (tea tree oil components) inhibit the production of IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-10 on human macrophages.
PubMed:Toxicity of hiba oil constituents and spray formulations to American house dust mites and copra mites.
PubMed:Influence of culture conditions on the biotransformation of (+)-limonene by Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil from Croton kimosorum, an endemic species to Madagascar.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of fractions from oregano essential oils obtained by molecular distillation.
PubMed:Exocrine secretions of wheel bugs (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Arilus spp.): clarification and chemistry.
PubMed:Essential oil from lemon peels inhibit key enzymes linked to neurodegenerative conditions and pro-oxidant induced lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol induces autophagic and apoptotic cell death in human leukemic HL-60 cells.
PubMed:Chemical analysis and calcium channel blocking activity of the essential oil of Perovskia abrotanoides.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol is the Most Active Ingredient of Tea Tree Oil to Kill Demodex Mites.
PubMed:In vitro genotoxicity of Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil in human lymphocytes.
PubMed:Comparative in vivo antioxidant levels in Schistosoma mansoni infected mice treated with praziquantel or the essential oil of Melaleuca armillaris leaves.
PubMed:Sedative and anesthetic activities of the essential oils of Hyptis mutabilis (Rich.) Briq. and their isolated components in silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen).
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of essential oils and five terpenoid compounds against Campylobacter jejuni in pure and mixed culture experiments.
PubMed:Evaluation of volatiles from Ampelopsis brevipedunculata var. heterophylla using GC-olfactometry, GC-MS and GC-pulsed flame photometric detector.
PubMed:Disruption of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascade and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by an essential oil from Monarda citriodora.
PubMed:Aroma-impact compounds in dried spice as a quality index using solid phase microextraction with olfactometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography.
PubMed:Melaleuca alternifolia concentrate inhibits in vitro entry of influenza virus into host cells.
PubMed:Vibrational spectroscopy as a rapid quality control method for Melaleuca alternifolia cheel (tea tree oil).
PubMed:Mosquito larvicidal activity of thymol from essential oil of Coleus aromaticus Benth. against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus, and Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Saussurea costus roots cultivated in Uttarakhand Himalayas, India.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial properties and toxicity evaluation of the essential oil of Cupressus lusitanica Mill. leaves from Cameroon.
PubMed:Isolation of terpenoids from Pimpinella anisum essential oil by high-performance counter-current chromatography.
PubMed:Composition and in vitro anticancer activities of the leaf essential oil of Neolitsea variabillima from Taiwan.
PubMed:Whitening and antioxidant activities of bornyl acetate and nezukol fractionated from Cryptomeria japonica essential oil.
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo anti-tobacco mosaic virus activities of essential oils and individual compounds.
PubMed:Encapsulation of plai oil/2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin inclusion complexes in polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) electrospun nanofibers for topical application.
PubMed:Suppression of inflammatory reactions by terpinen-4-ol, a main constituent of tea tree oil, in a murine model of oral candidiasis and its suppressive activity to cytokine production of macrophages in vitro.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed:Phytochemical diversity of Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. from Western Himalaya.
PubMed:Behavioural and electroantennogram responses of the stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans L.) to plant essential oils and their mixtures with attractants.
PubMed:Essential oils from five species of Annonaceae from Vietnam.
PubMed:Effect of habituation to tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil on the subsequent susceptibility of Staphylococcus spp. to antimicrobials, triclosan, tea tree oil, terpinen-4-ol and carvacrol.
PubMed:Composition and in-vitro cytotoxic activities of the leaf essential oil of Beilschmiedia erythrophloia from Taiwan.
PubMed:Plasma and dermal pharmacokinetics of terpinen-4-ol in rats following intravenous administration.
PubMed:Southern pine beetle, Dendroctonus frontalis, antennal and behavioral responses to nonhost leaf and bark volatiles.
PubMed:[Effects of inhibitory activity on mycelial growth of Candida albicans and therapy for murine oral candidiasis by the combined use of terpinen-4-ol and a middle-chain fatty acid, capric acid].
PubMed:Gold nanoparticles-peptide based gas sensor arrays for the detection of food aromas.
PubMed:Synergistic combinations of high hydrostatic pressure and essential oils or their constituents and their use in preservation of fruit juices.
PubMed:Chemical and biological study on the essential oil of Artemisia caerulescens L. ssp. densiflora (Viv.).
PubMed:Chemical compositions of essential oils from Xyloselinum vietnamense and X. selinum leonidii.
PubMed:Antifungal and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Chamaecyparis lawsoniana from Spain.
PubMed:Effect of heat treatments on the essential oils of kumquat (Fortunella margarita Swingle).
PubMed:Chemical diversity of wild growing Origanum majorana in Cyprus.
PubMed:Cleavage of α-dicarbonyl compounds by terpene hydroperoxide.
PubMed:Dermal pharmacokinetics of Terpinen-4-ol following topical administration of Zingiber cassumunar (plai) oil.
PubMed:Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees.
PubMed:A review of applications of tea tree oil in dermatology.
PubMed:Induction of intrinsic and extrinsic apoptosis pathways in the human leukemic MOLT-4 cell line by terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Comparison of chemical composition and antibacterial activity of lavender varieties from Poland.
PubMed:Chemical composition, olfactory analysis and antibacterial activity of Thymus vulgaris chemotypes geraniol, 4-thujanol/terpinen-4-ol, thymol and linalool cultivated in southern France.
PubMed:Plant essential oils and mastitis disease: their potential inhibitory effects on pro-inflammatory cytokine production in response to bacteria related inflammation.
PubMed:Use of multiparameter flow cytometry to determine the effects of monoterpenoids and phenylpropanoids on membrane polarity and permeability in staphylococci and enterococci.
PubMed:Culture conditions and salt effects on essential oil composition of sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana) from Tunisia.
PubMed:Anti-plasmodial and insecticidal activities of the essential oils of aromatic plants growing in the Mediterranean area.
PubMed:Antifungal, cytotoxic, and immunomodulatory properties of tea tree oil and its derivative components: potential role in management of oral candidosis in cancer patients.
PubMed:Thymol nanospheres as an effective anti-bacterial agent.
PubMed:The essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil) and its main component, terpinen-4-ol protect mice from experimental oral candidiasis.
PubMed:A mobile olfactometer for fMRI-studies.
PubMed:In Vitro Cytotoxic Potential of Essential Oils of Eucalyptus benthamii and Its Related Terpenes on Tumor Cell Lines.
PubMed:Characterization, antibiofilm, and mechanism of action of novel PEG-stabilized lipid nanoparticles loaded with terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Tea tree oil-induced transcriptional alterations in Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Fragrant volatile oil composition of Nutmeg Geranium (Pelargonium × fragrans Willd.) from India.
PubMed:Chemical composition and amoebicidal activity of Croton pallidulus, Croton ericoides, and Croton isabelli (Euphorbiaceae) essential oils.
PubMed:A comprehensive review of vaginitis phytotherapy.
PubMed:Tea tree oil as a novel antipsoriasis weapon.
PubMed:Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed:Extraction and separation of volatile and fixed oils from seeds of Myristica fragrans by supercritical COâ‚‚: chemical composition and cytotoxic activity on Caco-2 cancer cells.
PubMed:Composition of the essential oils and antibacterial activities of Hymenocrater yazdianus, Stachys obtusicrena and Nepeta asterotricha three Labiatae herbs growing wild in Iran.
PubMed:Comparative GC/MS analysis of essential oils extracted by 3 methods from the bud of Citrus aurantium L. var. amara Engl.
PubMed:Acaricidal activities of Santolina africana and Hertia cheirifolia essential oils against the two-spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae).
PubMed:Bioactivity of tea tree oil from Melaleuca alternifolia against sheep lice (Bovicola ovis Schrank) in vitro.
PubMed:In vitro antifungal activity of terpinen-4-ol, eugenol, carvone, 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) and thymol against mycotoxigenic plant pathogens.
PubMed:Antimicrobial investigation of Linum usitatissimum for the treatment of acne.
PubMed:Metabolism of (+)-terpinen-4-ol by cytochrome P450 enzymes in human liver microsomes.
PubMed:Toxicity of essential and non-essential oils against the chewing louse, Bovicola (Werneckiella) ocellatus.
PubMed:Steam sauna and mother roasting in Lao PDR: practices and chemical constituents of essential oils of plant species used in postpartum recovery.
PubMed:In vitro activities of natural products against oral Candida isolates from denture wearers.
PubMed:Multidimensional enantio gas chromtography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-combustion-isotopic ratio mass spectrometry for the authenticity assessment of lime essential oils (C. aurantifolia Swingle and C. latifolia Tanaka).
PubMed:Effects of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) essential oil and the major monoterpene component terpinen-4-ol on the development of single- and multistep antibiotic resistance and antimicrobial susceptibility.
PubMed:Determination of cytochrome P450 enzymes involved in the metabolism of (-)-terpinen-4-ol by human liver microsomes.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Origanum vulgare L., 'thymol' chemotype: variability in North India during plant ontogeny.
PubMed:Distribution and chemical polymorphism of the essential oils of Achillea cartilaginea growing wild in Lithuania.
PubMed:Chemical composition and herbicidal activity of the essential oil from a Cistus ladanifer L. population from Spain.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Anthemis altissima L. var. altissima.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of eight active components in Houttuynia cordata injection and its quality control in productive process.
PubMed:Insecticidal and repellent effects of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil against Lucilia cuprina.
PubMed:Contact toxicity, feeding reduction, and repellency of essential oils from three plants from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and their major components against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed:Chemical composition and acaricidal properties of Deverra scoparia essential oil (Araliales: Apiaceae) and blends of its major constituents against Tetranychus urticae (Acari: Tetranychidae).
PubMed:Analysis of human male armpit sweat after fenugreek ingestion: Characterisation of odour active compounds by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed:Citrus essential oil of Nigeria. Part V: Volatile constituents of sweet orange leaf oil (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed:Salt effects on Origanum majorana fatty acid and essential oil composition.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol Induces Apoptosis in Human Nonsmall Cell Lung Cancer In Vitro and In Vivo.
PubMed:Volatile compounds in the stem bark of Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiaceae) possess antimicrobial activity against drug-resistant strains of Helicobacter pylori.
PubMed:Insecticidal effect and chemical composition of the volatile oil from Bergenia ligulata.
PubMed:Effect of the method of preparation on the composition and cytotoxic activity of the essential oil of Pituranthos tortuosus.
PubMed:Antibiofilm activity of selected plant essential oils and their major components.
PubMed:Essential oils of medicinal plants from the central andes of Argentina: chemical composition, and antifungal, antibacterial, and insect-repellent activities.
PubMed:The inhibitory effect of Zingiber corallinum Hance essential oil on drug-resistant bacteria and evaluation of its acute toxicity.
PubMed:2-undecanone rich leaf essential oil from Zanthoxylum armatum.
PubMed:Comparison of Eucalyptus cinerea essential oils produced by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oils of three species of Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) grown in Brazil.
PubMed:Herbicidal activity of Peumus boldus and Drimys winterii essential oils from Chile.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity and chemical composition of essential oil from Atriplex undulata.
PubMed:Cardiodepressive effect elicited by the essential oil of Alpinia speciosa is related to L-type Ca²+ current blockade.
PubMed:Chemical investigation of the essential oil of Thymus linearis (Benth. ex Benth) from western Himalaya, India.
PubMed:Activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil on Influenza virus A/PR/8: study on the mechanism of action.
PubMed:Evaluation of tea tree oil quality and ascaridole: a deep study by means of chiral and multi heart-cuts multidimensional gas chromatography system coupled to mass spectrometry detection.
PubMed:Inhibitory effect of the essential oil from Chamaecyparis obtusa on the growth of food-borne pathogens.
PubMed:Chemical diversity in the genus Alpinia (Zingiberaceae): comparative composition of four Alpinia species grown in Northern India.
PubMed:Plasma-enhanced synthesis of bioactive polymeric coatings from monoterpene alcohols: a combined experimental and theoretical study.
PubMed:Tea tree oil might combat melanoma.
PubMed:Phytochemistry and nematicidal activity of the essential oils from 8 Greek Lamiaceae aromatic plants and 13 terpene components.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oils of six Anthemis taxa from Serbia and Montenegro.
PubMed:Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of Pinus species essential oils and their constituents.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from New Caledonian Citrus macroptera and Citrus hystrix.
PubMed:Compositional variability in essential oil from different parts of Alpinia speciosa from India.
PubMed:Variation in volatile leaf oils of twelve eucalyptus species harvested from Hajeb Layoun arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed:Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the essential oil composition of Origanum majorana L. cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed:Total phenolic content, radical scavenging properties, and essential oil composition of Origanum species from different populations.
PubMed:Repellency of essential oils of Cryptomeria japonica (Pinaceae) against adults of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera:Culicidae).
PubMed:In vitro antiviral activity of Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil.
PubMed:The effects of excipients for topical preparations on the human skin permeability of terpinen-4-ol contained in Tea tree oil: infrared spectroscopic investigations.
PubMed:Supercritical fluid extraction of the volatile oil from Santolina chamaecyparissus.
PubMed:Induction of necrosis and cell cycle arrest in murine cancer cell lines by Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Host plant volatiles serve to increase the response of male European grape berry moths, Eupoecilia ambiguella, to their sex pheromone.
PubMed:Comparative study on the antiviral activity of selected monoterpenes derived from essential oils.
PubMed:Flower and root oils of the tunisian Daucus carota L. ssp. maritimus (Apiaceae): integrated analyses by GC, GC/MS, and 13C-NMR spectroscopy, and in vitro antibacterial activity.
PubMed:Composition and biological activity of essential oil of Achillea ligustica All. (Asteraceae) naturalized in central Italy: ideal candidate for anti-cariogenic formulations.
PubMed:Formulation study of tea tree oil patches.
PubMed:Effects of the essential oil from leaves of Alpinia zerumbet on behavioral alterations in mice.
PubMed:Antifungal and insecticidal activity of two Juniperus essential oils.
PubMed:Acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity and chemical composition of commercial essential oils.
PubMed:Evaluation of the anticonvulsant activity of terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Ovicidal and adulticidal activities of Origanum majorana essential oil constituents against insecticide-susceptible and pyrethroid/malathion-resistant Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae).
PubMed:Oriented responses of grapevine moth larvae Lobesia botrana to volatiles from host plants and an artificial diet on a locomotion compensator.
PubMed:Composition and seasonal variation of essential oil in Alpinia zerumbet from Okinawa Island.
PubMed:Leaf essential oil composition of three species of Myrcianthes from Monteverde, Costa Rica.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on 4-carvomenthenol.
PubMed:Comparison of sugar, acids, and volatile composition in raspberry bushy dwarf virus-resistant transgenic raspberries and the wild type 'meeker' (rubus idaeus L.).
PubMed:Free and hydrolytically released volatile compounds of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Fiano grapes as odour-active constituents of Fiano wine.
PubMed:Volatile composition in raspberry cultivars grown in the Pacific Northwest determined by stir bar sorptive extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Toxicity of plant essential oils and their components against Lycoriella ingenua (Diptera: Sciaridae).
PubMed:Comparison of the cidal activity of tea tree oil and terpinen-4-ol against clinical bacterial skin isolates and human fibroblast cells.
PubMed:Commentary to the article "Human skin penetration of the major components of Australian tea tree oil applied in its pure form and as a 20% solution in vitro".
PubMed:Role of the MexAB-OprM efflux pump of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in tolerance to tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil and its monoterpene components terpinen-4-ol, 1,8-cineole, and alpha-terpineol.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Artemisia feddei.
PubMed:25 years of natural product R&D with New South Wales agriculture.
PubMed:Comparative study of aromatic compounds in young red wines from cabernet sauvignon, cabernet franc, and cabernet gernischet varieties in China.
PubMed:Human skin penetration of the major components of Australian tea tree oil applied in its pure form and as a 20% solution in vitro.
PubMed:Screening of antibacterial activities of twenty-one oxygenated monoterpenes.
PubMed:Nematicidal and Propagation Activities of Thyme Red and White Oil Compounds toward Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae).
PubMed:Characterization of the volatile constituents in the essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from different origins and its antifungal and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:In vitro antifungal activity of the tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) essential oil and its major components against plant pathogens.
PubMed:Response accuracy and odor sampling time in mice trained to discriminate between enantiomers of carvone and those of terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of monoterpenes on seed germination and seedling growth.
PubMed:A comparative evaluation of Origanum onites essential oil and its four major components as larvicides against the pine processionary moth, Thaumetopoea wilkinsoni Tams.
PubMed:Analysis of aromatic and terpenic constituents of pepper extracts by capillary electrochromatography.
PubMed:The effect of tea tree oil and antifungal agents on a reporter for yeast cell integrity signalling.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric analysis of the essential oil of Houttuynia cordata Thunb by using on-column methylation with tetramethylammonium acetate.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Cryptomeria japonica.
PubMed:Gas-chromatographic method for quantifying carvacrol, thymol, terpinen-4-ol, transl anethole, eugenol and trans-cinnamaldehyde in media simulating pig gut conditions.
PubMed:Anticonflict effects of lavender oil and identification of its active constituents.
PubMed:In vivo activity of terpinen-4-ol, the main bioactive component of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (tea tree) oil against azole-susceptible and -resistant human pathogenic Candida species.
PubMed:Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil possesses potent anti-staphylococcal activity extended to strains resistant to antibiotics.
PubMed:Discrimination between the enantiomers of carvone and of terpinen-4-ol odorants in normal rats and those with lesions of the olfactory bulbs.
PubMed:Growth-inhibiting activity of active component isolated from Terminalia chebula fruits against intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Memory-enhancing effect of a supercritical carbon dioxide fluid extract of the needles of Abies koreana on scopolamine-induced amnesia in mice.
PubMed:In vitro studies on release and human skin permeation of Australian tea tree oil (TTO) from topical formulations.
PubMed:Susceptibility of pseudomonads to Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil and components.
PubMed:Lethality of essential oil constituents towards the human louse, Pediculus humanus, and its eggs.
PubMed:Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed:Aqueous solubility of liquid monoterpenes at 293 K and relationship with calculated log P value.
PubMed:Stratum corneum absorption and retention of linalool and terpinen-4-ol applied as gel or oily solution in humans.
PubMed:Skin penetration of terpenes from essential oils and topical vehicles.
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of compounds with antimicrobial activity from Origanum vulgare L.: determination of optimal extraction parameters.
PubMed:The essential oil constituents and antimicrobial activity of Anthemis aciphylla BOISS. var. discoidea BOISS.
PubMed:Essential oil of the Persian sage, Salvia rhytidea Benth.
PubMed:How does the type of vehicle influence the in vitro skin absorption and elimination kinetics of terpenes?
PubMed:Topical use of tea tree oil reduces the dermal absorption of benzoic acid and methiocarb.
PubMed:Effect of physicochemical properties of cyclic terpenes on their ex vivo skin absorption and elimination kinetics.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of the volatile fractions from the bark of eight Mexican Bursera species.
PubMed:A validated HPTLC method for determination of tea tree oil from cosmeceutical formulations.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile components from Ziziphora taurica subsp. taurica by steam distillation, superheated-water extraction, and direct thermal desorption with GCxGC-TOFMS.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol: mechanisms of relaxation on rabbit duodenum.
PubMed:[Study on chemical constituents of the essential oil from Myristica fragrans Houtt. by supercritical fluid extraction and steam distillation].
PubMed:Enhancement of attraction and trap catches of the old-house borer, Hylotrupes bajulus (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), by combination of male sex pheromone and monoterpenes.
PubMed:Characteristic odor components of kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle) peel oil.
PubMed:Screening of chemical composition and antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from three Turkish artemisia species.
PubMed:Isolation and partial characterisation of a putative monoterpene synthase from Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Application of multidimensional gas chromatography to the enantioselective characterisation of the essential oil of Eupatorium buniifolium Hooker et Arnott.
PubMed:Tea tree oil concentration in follicular casts after topical delivery: determination by high-performance thin layer chromatography using a perfused bovine udder model.
PubMed:Regulation of wheal and flare by tea tree oil: complementary human and rodent studies.
PubMed:Tolerance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil is associated with the outer membrane and energy-dependent cellular processes.
PubMed:Superheated water extraction, steam distillation and Soxhlet extraction of essential oils of Origanum onites.
PubMed:Acaricidal activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil: in vitro sensitivity of sarcoptes scabiei var hominis to terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed:Composition and seasonal variation of the essential oils from two mandarin cultivars of southern Brazil.
PubMed:Effect of storage on the essential oil composition of Piper nigrum L. fruits of different ripening states.
PubMed:Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by Tea Tree oil.
PubMed:Aromatic components of the leaves of the New Zealand lemonwood tree Pittosporum eugenioides.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol, the main component of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil inhibits the in vitro growth of human melanoma cells.
PubMed:Chemical and biological evaluation of the essential oils of different Melaleuca species.
PubMed:Effect of the volatile constituents isolated from Thymus albicans, Th. mastichina, Th. carnosus and Thymbra capitata in sunflower oil.
PubMed:Effects of monoterpenoids, acting alone or in pairs, on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of the components of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil.
PubMed:Enantiomeric distribution of chiral compounds in orange juices according to their geographical origins.
PubMed:Preferred age for assessment of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the essential oil of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) seedlings prior to plantation establishment.
PubMed:Antihypertensive effects of the essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet and its main constituent, terpinen-4-ol, in DOCA-salt hypertensive conscious rats.
PubMed:Characterization of volatiles in bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba.
PubMed:Electroantennogram responses of Douglas-fir seed chalcids to plant volatiles.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal properties of essential oils of three Pistacia species.
PubMed:Monoterpenoid accumulation in 1,8-cineole, terpinolene and terpinen-4-ol chemotypes of Melaleuca alternifolia seedlings.
PubMed:Use of the enantiomeric composition for the assessment of the authenticity of fruit beverages.
PubMed:Genetic control of monoterpene composition in the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Cheel).
PubMed:[Chemical constituents in volatile oil from fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miq].
PubMed:Cardiovascular effects of the essential oil of Alpinia zerumbet leaves and its main constituent, Terpinen-4-ol, in rats: role of the autonomic nervous system.
PubMed:Compositions and the in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Achillea setacea and Achillea teretifolia (Compositae).
PubMed:Determination of monoterpene hydrocarbons and alcohols in Majorana hortensis Moench by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic.
PubMed:Tea tree oil reduces histamine-induced oedema in murine ears.
PubMed:Tea tree oil reduces the swelling associated with the efferent phase of a contact hypersensitivity response.
PubMed:Mechanism of action of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil on Staphylococcus aureus determined by time-kill, lysis, leakage, and salt tolerance assays and electron microscopy.
PubMed:Monoterpenoid accumulation in Melaleuca alternifolia seedlings.
PubMed:Volatile oil comparison of cotyledon leaves of chemotypes of Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Monoterpenic and norisoprenoidic glycoconjugates of Vitis vinifera L. cv. Melon B. as precursors of odorants in Muscadet wines.
PubMed:Perceptual correlates of neural representations evoked by odorant enantiomers.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey.
PubMed:Biotransformation of (R)- and (S)-terpinen-4-ol by the larvae of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura).
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of two Origanum species.
PubMed:Interactions between components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in chemical constituents of Santolina rosmarinifolia L. ssp. rosmarinifolia.
PubMed:The water-soluble components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil) suppress the production of superoxide by human monocytes, but not neutrophils, activated in vitro.
PubMed:Comparison of eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. oils from Mozambique as obtained by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Multidimensional Capillary GC-GC for the Analysis of Real Complex Samples. 3. Enantiomeric Distribution of Monoterpene Hydrocarbons and Monoterpene Alcohols of Mandarin Oils.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol, the main component of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree oil), suppresses inflammatory mediator production by activated human monocytes.
PubMed:Volatile oil variability in Thymus serpylloides ssp. gadorensis growing wild in Southeastern Spain.
PubMed:Comparison of oil recovered from tea tree leaf by ethanol extraction and steam distillation.
PubMed:In vitro effect of essential oils and isolated mono- and sesquiterpenes on Leishmania major and Trypanosoma brucei.
PubMed:Isolation of the antiulcer compound in essential oil from the leaves of Cryptomeria japonica.
PubMed:Comparison of headspace techniques for sampling volatile natural products in a dynamic system.
PubMed:Chemotaxonomic study on Thymus villosus from Portugal.
PubMed:Natural variation in the essential oil content of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Myrtaceae).
PubMed:Ethnobotany, volatile oils and secretion tissues of werneria poposa from Argentina.
PubMed:Enhancement of Skin Penetration of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs from Extemporaneously Compounded Topical-Gel Formulations.
PubMed:Biological activity of Melaleuca alternifola (Tea Tree) oil component, terpinen-4-ol, in human myelocytic cell line HL-60.
PubMed:Cloning, expression, and characterization of epi-cedrol synthase, a sesquiterpene cyclase from Artemisia annua L.
PubMed:Influence of drug lipophilicity on terpenes as transdermal penetration enhancers.
PubMed:The essential oil of Senecio graveolens (Compositae): chemical composition and antimicrobial activity tests.
PubMed:Clonal production of tea tree oil high in terpinen-4-ol for use in formulations for the treatment of thrush.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of monoterpenoids to western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), twospotted spider mite (Acari: Tetranychidae), and house fly (Diptera: Muscidae).
PubMed:Terpene-enhanced transdermal permeation of water and ethanol in human epidermis.
PubMed:Topical antiinflammatory activity of the major lipophilic constituents of the rhizome of Zingiber cassumunar. Part I: The essential oil.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of essential oils from pericarps of Illicium brevistylum A. C. Smith and I. jiadifengpi B.N. Chang].
PubMed:Antimicrobial effects of tea-tree oil and its major components on Staphylococcus aureus, Staph. epidermidis and Propionibacterium acnes.
PubMed:Metabolism of 1,8-cineole in tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia andM. linariifolia) by pyrgo beetle (Paropsisterna tigrina).
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of the major components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Melaleuca oil (tea tree oil) dermatitis.
PubMed:[Analysis of chemical constituents of essential oil from dechengqi decoction].
PubMed:Study of the Essential Oil from Juniperus communis "Berries" (Cones) Growing Wild in Greece.
PubMed:Antibacterial properties of the Vietnamese cajeput oil and ocimum oil in combination with antibacterial agents.
PubMed:Electroantennogram responses of the southern pine beetle parasitoidDinotiscus dendroctoni (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to potential semiochemicals.
PubMed:Volatile compounds in the larval frass ofDendroctonus valens andDendroctonus micans (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) in relation to oviposition by the predator,Rhizophagus grandis (Coleoptera: Rhizophagidae).
PubMed:The antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Achillea fragrantissima.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of the monoterpene cyclase gamma-terpinene synthase from Thymus vulgaris.
PubMed:Fumigant toxicity of essential oils against four major stored-product insects.
PubMed:Olfactory sensitivity of two sympatric species of rice leaf folders (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) to plant volatiles.
PubMed:Volatiles released from individual spruce bark beetle entrance holes Quantitative variations during the first week of attack.
PubMed:The Leaf Oil of Liquidambar styraciflua.
PubMed:The role of mass spectrometry in medicinal plant research.
PubMed:Acetoxychavicol Acetate, an Antifungal Component of Alpinia galanga1.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of mosquito repellents inArtemisia vulgaris.
PubMed:[The quantitative composition of natural and technologically changed aromas of plants. II. Aroma compounds in oranges and their changes during juice processing (author's transl)].
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient
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