beta-pinene
2,2,6-trimethyl bicyclo(3.1.1)hept-2-ene
 
Notes:
alpha-pinene is also available. Widely distributed in plants, usually associated with a-Pinene JPV84-W but in smaller amounts. Found in lime peel oil, ginger, nutmeg, mace, bitter fennel, rosemary and sage. Flavour ingredient
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Pinene Beta
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      beta-Pinene P & F
       
  • Blue Marble Biomaterials
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Società con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Linkedin
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      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      beta-Pinene
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      beta-Pinene Natural
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +86 (0)592 5105533
      Fax: +86 (0)592 5151667
      foreverest Skype Skype
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      beta-Pinene
      Beta pinene is a colorless liquid, soluble in alcohol, but not water. It has a woody-green pine-like smell. It occurs naturally in rosemary, parsley, dill, basil and rose, There are two structural isomers found in nature: a-pinene and β-pinene. As the name suggests, both forms are important constituents of pine resin; they are also found in the resins of many other conifers, and more widely in other plants. Both are also used by many insects in their chemical communication system. Selective oxidation of pinene with some catalysts in chemical industry give many components for pharmacy, artificial odorants and so on. The primary oxidation product is verbenone.
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0454 beta-PINENE
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      103500 beta-pinene L-, Natural
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Pinene beta
      Cooling, woody, piney and turpentine-like with a fresh minty, eucalyptus and camphoraceous note with a spicy peppery and nutmeg nuance.
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      16-53450 beta-PINENE, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
      16-53400 beta-PINENE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      beta-PINENE > 97
      beta-PINENE, NATURAL > 98
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,… Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
      Facebook
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      Vimeo
      Crop Calendar
      Product(s):
      134443 Pinene beta 95 PF naturel
       
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
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      Product(s):
      beta-PINENE
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      Beta-Pinene 98%
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      beta-Pinene
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Facebook
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      Blog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      500332 Pinene Beta
       
  • Zanos
    • Zanos
      Extensive Network
      Consulting, sourcing and distribution of aroma chemicals, perfume ingredients, fragrance ingredients and speciality chemicals.
      Following a corporate career spanning almost 20 years with Bush Boake Allen, Henkel, Bunzl and Amersham International, Zanos was formed by Julian Sarkar in 2000 to bring together best knowledge, contact networks and experience of the flavour and fragrance and speciality chemicals markets.
      Email: Info
      Email: Deborah Lever
      Voice: +44 (0) 1565 755899
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      Blog
      Distribution
      Sourcing
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Beta Pinene 95 PF
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
7,7-dimethyl-4-methylidenebicyclo[3.1.1]heptane (Click)
CAS Number: 127-91-3Picture of molecule
Other: 23089-32-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-872-5
FDA UNII: 4MS8VHZ1HJ
Nikkaji Web: J2.017F
CoE Number: 2114
XlogP3-AA: 3.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: JECFA name: beta-Pinene. EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). Racemate. According to the JECFA: hMin. assay value may include traces of limonene, spinene and other common C10H16 terpenesh. The traces are 1-3 % limonene (racemate), 1-3 % beta-pinene (racemate) and 1-3 % other hcommon terpenesh (alpha-terpinene, beta-terpinene, delta-3-carene, terpinolene etc (each < 1 %)) (EFFA, 2015).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1330  beta-pinene
Flavis Number: 01.003 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.003  pin-2(10)-ene
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: pin-2(10)-ene
FEMA Number: 2903  beta-pinene
FDA Mainterm: BETA-PINENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.320 Resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.86700 to 0.87100 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.214 to  7.248
Specific Gravity: 0.86400 to 0.87200 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.198 to 7.264
Refractive Index: 1.47700 to 1.48100 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 163.00 to  166.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 2.930000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 95.00 °F. TCC ( 35.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.160
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 7.061 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 dry  woody  resinous  pine  hay  green  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
dry woody resinous pine hay green
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
 cooling  woody  pine  terpenic  fresh  minty  eucalyptus  camphoreous  spicy  peppery  nutmeg  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 %.  
Cooling, woody, piney and turpentine-like with a fresh minty, eucalyptus and camphoraceous note with a spicy peppery and nutmeg nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
 fresh  pine  woody  terpenic  resinous  minty  camphoreous  spicy  
Taste Description:
at 15.00 - 100.00 ppm. 
Fresh, piney and woody, terpy and resinous with a slight minty, camphoraceous with a spicy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
b-Pinene
Arora Aromatics
Beta Pinene
Augustus Oils
Pinene Beta
Services
Berjé
beta-Pinene P & F
Happening at Berje
Blue Marble Biomaterials
Beta-Pinene
CG Herbals
beta-Pinene 98% synthetic
Odor: Dry Woody, Resinouspiny Odor Of Poor Tenacity
CG Herbals
beta-Pinene Ex Mint
Odor: Dry Woody, Resinouspiny
Citrus and Allied Essences
beta-Pinene (refined) (natural)
Market Report
Creatingperfume.com
beta-Pinene Natural
De Monchy Aromatics
beta-Pinene
Odor: green, woody, pine, dry, resinous, hay
Diffusions Aromatiques
beta-PINENE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
beta-PINENE
DRT Terpenes
beta-PINENE 95 PF
≥ 96%
ECSA Chemicals
beta-Pinene
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
PINENE BETA NATURAL
Odor: DRY, WOODY, PINEY, RESINOUS
Excellentia International
beta-Pinene Natural
Foreverest Resources
beta-Pinene
Odor: characteristic
Use: Beta pinene is a colorless liquid, soluble in alcohol, but not water. It has a woody-green pine-like smell. It occurs naturally in rosemary, parsley, dill, basil and rose, There are two structural isomers found in nature: a-pinene and β-pinene. As the name suggests, both forms are important constituents of pine resin; they are also found in the resins of many other conifers, and more widely in other plants. Both are also used by many insects in their chemical communication system. Selective oxidation of pinene with some catalysts in chemical industry give many components for pharmacy, artificial odorants and so on. The primary oxidation product is verbenone.
Fuzhou Farwell
Beta-Pinene 95%
Global Essence
beta-Pinene
Indenta Group
beta-Pinene
Indukern F&F
BETA-PINENE 95% NATURAL
Odor: TERPENIC, CONIFEROUS
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
BETA-PINENE 97% NATURAL
Odor: POWERFUL, CONIFEROUS, TERPENIC
M&U International
beta-PINENE
Moellhausen
beta-pinene L-, Natural
Odor: sharp, terpenic, conifers
Flavor: terpene
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
beta-Pinene 95% up
Pell Wall Perfumes
Pinene beta
Odor: Dry-woody, fresh-pine, resinous
Use: Cooling, woody, piney and turpentine-like with a fresh minty, eucalyptus and camphoraceous note with a spicy peppery and nutmeg nuance.
Penta International
beta-PINENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
beta-PINENE, SYNTHETIC, Kosher
Perfumery Laboratory
Beta pinene natural (beta-PINENE Natural)
Odor: Dry wood, pine fresh, watery, clean, resinous
Prodasynth
beta-PINENE > 97
Odor: DRY, WOODY, PINEY, RESINOUS
Prodasynth
beta-PINENE, NATURAL > 98
Odor: DRY, WOODY, PINEY, RESINOUS
Reincke & Fichtner
beta-Pinene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
beta-Pinene
Robertet
Pinene beta 95 PF naturel
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
(±)-β-Pinene
SRS Aromatics
beta-PINENE
Takasago
Pinene Beta
≥98% as beta-Pinene
Odor: Warm, resinous, refreshing pine-like
Use: Used in flavor formulation with citrus or tropical fruit notes.
The Fragrance Museum
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
beta-Pinene
The John D. Walsh Company
Beta-Pinene 98%
Treatt
beta-Pinene
Vigon International
Pinene Beta
Odor: RESINOUS-PINEY
Zanos
Beta Pinene 95 PF
Odor: Dry woody and resinous
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302; Acute toxicity, Inhalation (Category 4), H332
Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpghealth-hazard.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H302 + H332 - Harmful if swallowed or if inhaled
H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P310 - IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P331 - Do NOT induce vomiting.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested.
(Moreno, 1975q)

oral-rat LD50  4700 mg/kg
BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 859, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for beta-pinene usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1300.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 759.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 48.00000600.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 0.0500016.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -64.00000
fruit ices: -64.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 48.00000600.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 127-91-3
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 14896
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2368
WGK Germany: 3
 7,7-dimethyl-4-methylidenebicyclo[3.1.1]heptane
Chemidplus: 0000127913
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 7,7-dimethyl-4-methylidenebicyclo[3.1.1]heptane
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 127-91-3
Pubchem (cid): 14896
Pubchem (sid): 134974399
Flavornet: 127-91-3
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09882
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB36560
FooDB: FDB015464
Export Tariff Code: 2902.19.0000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
most commonly available as the l-isomer
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
alpha-fenchyl acetate 
 pine needle concreteFR
(Z)-verbenolFL/FR
(E)-verbenolFL/FR
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia 
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
aldehydic
 pinoacetaldehydeFR
animal
 methyl (E)-2-octenoateFL/FR
balsamic
 abies alba cone oilFR
 balsam fir oleoresinFL/FR
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro-borneolFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
 cypress absoluteFR
 fenchyl acetateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 fir balsam oregonFR
 fir carboxylateFR
 gurjun balsamFR
 hexyl cinnamateFR
 ipsdienol 
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
 nopolFL/FR
(Z)-pinaneFR
 pine needle absoluteFL/FR
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
red spruce oilFR
 terpinyl benzoateFR
 terpinyl isovalerateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
 verbenolFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 fencholFL/FR
 hinoki leaf oilFR
caramellic
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
chemical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
citrus
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 neroli ketoneFR
earthy
scotch pine needle oilFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil estoniaFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil yugoslaviaFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
floral
 boronia butenalFR
gamma-damasconeFR
 genet concreteFR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
 linaloolFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 verdyl acetateFR
fresh
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fruity
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
 allyl salicylateFR
 allyl sorbateFL/FR
(E,E)-allyl sorbateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
isoamyl hexanoateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
 amyl propionateFL/FR
isoamyl propionateFL/FR
 apple ketalFL/FR
 benzyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
isobutyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
isobutyl butyrateFL/FR
 butyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobutyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
 butyl valerateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclohexane propionateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
4-heptanoneFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 methyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
 pineapple hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
isopropyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
isopropyl hexanoateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl isovalerateFL/FR
isopropyl propionateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
green
 bergoxaneFR
 bicyclogermacrene 
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
 fresh nitrileFR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum oxyacetateFR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
 galbascone (IFF)FR
1-heptanolFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl salicylateFR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 perilla alcoholFL/FR
 pineapple heptadienone 10%FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
hay
 hay absoluteFR
herbal
 acorn acetateFR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
 bornyl salicylateFR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
1,4-cineoleFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
alpha-dihydroterpineolFL/FR
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
 herbal undecanoneFR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 myrtenolFL/FR
 nonisyl formateFR
 nopyl acetateFR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 pine hexanolFR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
L-(-)-alpha-pineneFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 sage oleoresinFL/FR
 terpineol acetateFL/FR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
 tricyclo(5.2.1.02,6)dec-3-enyl acetateFR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
minty
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 oakmoss concreteFR
 oakmoss phenolFR
nutty
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
orris
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon 
gamma-terpineol 
spicy
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
2-octanolFL/FR
 tea tree oilFR
sulfurous
 ethyl methyl mercaptopropionateFL/FR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
 pinus nigra twig leaf oilFR
tropical
 tropical 3-thiobutyrateFL/FR
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
woody
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
beta-cadinene 
 cedarwood oil port orfordFR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
beta-eudesmol 
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 nopyl aldehydeFR
cis-2-pinanolFR
 sabineneFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl 10-undecenoateFL/FR
 allyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
(E,E)-allyl sorbateFL/FR
 allyl sorbateFL/FR
isoamyl 3-methyl thiopropionateFL
 amyl propionateFL/FR
 apple ketalFL/FR
 balsam fir oleoresinFL/FR
 benzyl ethyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl octanoateFL/FR
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 bicyclogermacrene 
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro-borneolFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 bornyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
beta-cadinene 
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl butyrateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl hexanoateFL/FR
alpha-dihydroterpineolFL/FR
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-methyl valerateFL/FR
 ethyl cyclohexane propionateFL/FR
beta-eudesmol 
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
alpha-fenchyl acetate 
 fenchyl acetateFL/FR
 ipsdienol 
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
 linalyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 2-hexenoateFL/FR
2-methyl-3-ethoxypyrazineFL/FR
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia 
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 nopolFL/FR
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
 perilla alcoholFL/FR
2-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 pine needle absoluteFL/FR
scotch pine needle oilFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil estoniaFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil yugoslaviaFL/FR
L-(-)-alpha-pineneFL/FR
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon 
isopropyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isopropyl isovalerateFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 sorbyl propionateFL
gamma-terpineol 
 terpineol acetateFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
2-tropical oxathianeFL/FR
(Z)-verbenolFL/FR
(E)-verbenolFL/FR
balsamic
 juniper berry oil terpenelessFL/FR
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
bitter
 terpinyl isovalerateFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 fencholFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
caramellic
 maltyl propionateFL/FR
cinnamon
 sorbyl isobutyrateFL/FR
citrus
 cognac heptanoneFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
cooling
1,4-cineoleFL/FR
 manzanate (Givaudan)FL/FR
ethereal
 methyl isobutyrateFL/FR
fatty
 allyl octanoateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-4-decenoateFL/FR
floral
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
 tropical iononeFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl acetateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 allyl heptanoateFL/FR
 allyl hexanoateFL/FR
 allyl isovalerateFL/FR
 allyl phenoxyacetateFL/FR
 amyl butyrateFL/FR
 amyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl hexanoateFL/FR
isoamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
isoamyl octanoateFL/FR
isoamyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 butyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl hexanoateFL/FR
isobutyl hexanoateFL/FR
isobutyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 butyl isovalerateFL/FR
 butyl valerateFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
 ethyl (Z)-4-octenoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-(2-furyl) propanoateFL/FR
 ethyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
 ethyl butyrateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 ethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 ethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 ethyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl valerateFL/FR
 furfuryl valerateFL
4-heptanoneFL/FR
 methyl (E)-2-octenoateFL/FR
 methyl 4-methyl valerateFL/FR
 methyl hexanoateFL/FR
 methyl isovalerateFL/FR
 methyl valerateFL/FR
 pineapple hydroxyhexanoateFL/FR
 pineapple pentenoateFL/FR
isopropyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl butyrateFL/FR
isopropyl butyrateFL/FR
 propyl hexanoateFL/FR
isopropyl propionateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
 vanilla carboxylateFL/FR
fusel
 methyl butyrateFL/FR
green
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
isobutyl 2-butenoateFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
 geranyl isovalerateFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerateFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 sage oleoresinFL/FR
 verbenolFL/FR
minty
 myrtenolFL/FR
nutty
 peanut oxazoleFL
pine
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
powdery
 powdery ketoneFL
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
white pepper oleoresinFL
sulfurous
 ethyl methyl mercaptopropionateFL/FR
 methyl 4-(methyl thio) butyrateFL
 tropical 3-thiobutyrateFL/FR
tropical
 propyl propionateFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 phenethyl hexanoateFL/FR
 propyl heptanoateFL/FR
2-undecanoneFL/FR
woody
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
 sabineneFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
 candy 
 carrotFL
 citrusFR
 cologneFR
 corianderFL/FR
 cream ice cream 
 cuminFL/FR
 dry 
 earth humusFR
 fir 
 forest pine forestFR
 greenFR
 hay new mown hay foin coupeFR
 herbalFR
 hyssopFL/FR
 juniper berryFR
 lavenderFR
 lemonFR
 limeFR
 mintFR
 nutmegFR
 orangeFR
 pepper 
 petitgrainFL/FR
 pineFR
 resin 
 wintergreenFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 3.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 allspice plant
Search Trop  Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 15.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica root oil @ 1.54%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 19.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ayou wood oil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil CO2 sweet @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet egypt @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 3.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.034%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.023%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.034%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bois de rose oil brazil @ trace-0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil @ 1.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamintha nepeta (l.) savi subsp. glandulosa oil greece @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 3.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga leaf oil @ 4.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 caraway
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway plant
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom oil CO2 extract guatemala @ 4.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil @ 6.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carqueja oil @ 8.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot leaf oil @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 4.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.16-1.66%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 1.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 1.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassis bud oil @ 0.17-10.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ trace-0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 1.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil india @ 1.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery stem oil
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 2.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 9.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.02-0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 1.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 0.1-0.6%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.03-0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil france @ 0.10-0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.41%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil CO2 extract @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 corn silk oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint plant
Search Trop  Picture
 costmary oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil egypt @ 14.64%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil turkey @ 19.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ 7.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 1.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress oil @ 1.10-1.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 elemi oil @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 0.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 30.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 3.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 9.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus viminalis labill. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel plant
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil sweet @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil canada @ 28.10-56.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 1.57%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 6.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 6.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 1.57%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 guava pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ <0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 2.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.61%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ho leaf oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 32.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 6.70-13.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 3.70-6.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil CO2 extract @ 2.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil @ 2.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper branch oil @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper needle oil @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kachur oil @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kewda oil @ 0.05-0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel bark oil @ 4.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel berry oil @ 3.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil @ 5.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 4.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel stem oil @ 3.6%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel wood oil @ 0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.87%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil china @ 0.67%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil @ 0.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil greece @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 4.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 1.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender spike water @ 0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil kenya @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.10-0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 11.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 12.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 13.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 1.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage flower oil @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage leaf oil @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root oil @ 2.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage seed oil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mace oil CO2 extract @ 7.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 1.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 1.88%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil japan @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mango flower
Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 4.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.20-0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.16-0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.09-0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic leaf oil @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic oil @ 3.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil slovak republic @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mentha longifolia (l.) huds. oil jordan @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 5.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mugwort plant
Search Trop  Picture
 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta cephalotes boiss. oil iran @ 18.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 4.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta racemosa lam. oil iran @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 8.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 niaouli oil egypt @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 5.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 12.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil india @ 21.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ 1.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.026%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.026%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.038%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.044%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.046%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orangeflower absolute morocco @ 0.0-2.7%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orangeflower water absolute @ 0.0-1.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 origanum oil greece @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 palmarosa oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 4.57%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 16.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 patchouli oil china @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.38%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil uruguay @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper oil black india @ 15.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree berry oil @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil america @ 1.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil russia @ 0.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 30.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bigarade oil @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 3.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil @ 4.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.62%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain oil @ 2.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.76%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil dwarf @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 2.2-4.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret branch oil italy @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 15.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 7.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pittosporum spp. fruit oil malaysia @ 8.90%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.30%
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 plum fruit
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 pomelo
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 3.20%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march fruit oil brazil @ 8.60%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 0.70%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 2.40%
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 pteronia oil @ 32.50%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 2.91%%
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 3.66%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.74%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 3.90%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.20%
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 rosemary oil france @ 2.08-4.35%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 5.53-7.83%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 0.3%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 0.44%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 saffron stigma
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 2.30%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.96%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.90%
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 sage oil england @ 0.40%
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 sage oil france @ 1.00%
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 sage oil germany @ 0.68%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 2.20%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 2.11%
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 sage oil reunion @ 1.90%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 1.60%
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 sage oil spain @ 2.30%
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 sage oil spain @ 3.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 3.3-7.3%
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 sage plant
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 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 0.10%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.40%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.50%
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 savin oil @ 0.80%
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 savory oil summer @ 0.80-1.42%
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 savory oil winter @ 0.90%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 0.90%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sideritis syriaca l. oil bulgaria @ 3.00%
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.90%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ 0.58-0.76%
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 spikenard oil @ 0.10%
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 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ 1.30%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.90%
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 sunflower flower
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tamarind fruit oil
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 tangerine oil america @ 0.58%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.97%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ trace%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ trace%
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 tansy oil argentina @ trace%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.10%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 3.10%
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 tarragon leaf oil
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 tarragon oil
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 0.80%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard cone oil italy @ 1.30%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 0.90%
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 tejpat oil @ 0.40%
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 thyme absolute @ trace%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 0.1%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.35%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 0.5%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.17-0.41%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.04%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.29%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 5.20%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.51%
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 thyme plant
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ trace%
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 tomato
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 0.60%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric oil china @ 0.27%
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric rhizome oil
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.02%
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 turmeric tuber
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 valerian rhizome oil china @ 1.37%
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 valerian root oil @ trace-0.9%
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 valerian root oil china @ 3.50%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.59%
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 vassoura oil @ 5.90%
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 water mint leaf
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 water mint shoot
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 wormseed oil america @ 0.18%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.06%
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 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 1.20%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.80-1.40%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.19%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.93-3.35%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 0.44%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 0.69%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 0.7%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 0.39%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 1.10%
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 yarrow oil @ 9.50%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.30%
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 yarrow oil hungary @ 20.80%
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 ylang ylang oil @ 0.66%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.07%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.86-1.56%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.32-0.35%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.28-0.37%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.60%
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 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 1.20%
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
(1)-6,6-dimethyl-2-methylene bicyclo(3.1.1)heptane
7,7-dimethyl-4-methylidenebicyclo[3.1.1]heptane
beta-nopinene
beta-pinene (refined) (natural)
beta-pinene 95 PF
beta-pinene 95% natural
beta-pinene 97% natural
 pinene beta
 pinene beta 95 PF naturel
 pinene beta pf
beta-pinene natural
beta-pinene P & F
beta-pinene P and F
beta-pinene synthetic
 terbenthene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Chemical description and essential oil yield variability of different accessions of Salvia lavandulifolia.
PubMed: Comparative study on the antioxidant capacity and cholinesterase inhibitory activity of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle, C. aurantium L., and C. bergamia Risso and Poit. peel essential oils.
PubMed: Antioxidant properties of Thymus vulgaris oil against aflatoxin-induce oxidative stress in male rats.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Evaluation of aroma-active compounds in Pontianak orange peel oil ( Citrus nobilis Lour. Var. microcarpa Hassk.) by gas chromatography-olfactometry, aroma reconstitution, and omission test.
PubMed: Application of biotransformation in flavor and fragrance industry.
PubMed: Effect of different locations on the chemical composition of essential oils of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) leaves growing wild in Turkey.
PubMed: Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Characterization of volatiles in bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba.
PubMed: The microbial oxidation of (-)-beta-pinene by Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed: Encapsulation of lemon oil by paste method using beta-cyclodextrin: encapsulation efficiency and profile of oil volatiles.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Exocrine secretions of wheel bugs (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Arilus spp.): clarification and chemistry.
PubMed: Development and assessment of plant-based synthetic odor baits for surveillance and control of malaria vectors.
PubMed: Antioxidant, antiproliferative and antimicrobial activities of the volatile oil from the wild pepper Piper capense used in Cameroon as a culinary spice.
PubMed: Assessing the chemotaxis behavior of Physarum polycephalum to a range of simple volatile organic chemicals.
PubMed: Manuka oil and phoebe oil are attractive baits for Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae), the vector of laurel wilt.
PubMed: Evaluation of aroma-active compounds in Pontianak orange peel oil ( Citrus nobilis Lour. Var. microcarpa Hassk.) by gas chromatography-olfactometry, aroma reconstitution, and omission test.
PubMed: Responses of the pollinating wasp Ceratosolen solmsi marchali to odor variation between two floral stages of Ficus hispida.
PubMed: Analysis of leaf volatiles of Zanthoxylum gillettii used in folk medicine of Cameroon.
PubMed: Evaluation of characteristic aroma compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Defensive secretion components of the host Parastizopus armaticeps as kairomones for the cleptoparasite Eremostibes opacus.
PubMed: Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oils of the leaves, stems, rhizomes and roots of the medicinal plant Alpinia galanga from southern India.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed: Odor compound detection in male euglossine bees.
PubMed: Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed: Exogenous methyl jasmonate induces volatile emissions in cotton plants.
PubMed: Molecular addition compounds. 18. Borane adducts with hydroxydialkyl sulfide borates for hydroboration. New, essentially odorless, water-soluble sulfide borane acceptors for hydroboration.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Trigeminal and olfactory chemosensory impact of selected terpenes.
PubMed: Electroantennographic and coupled gas chromatographic-electroantennographic responses of the mediterranean fruit fly,Ceratitis capitata, to male-produced volatiles and mango odor.
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