EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

L-(-)-alpha-pinene
L-alpha-pinene

Supplier Sponsors

Name:(1S,5S)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
CAS Number: 7785-26-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:232-077-3
FDA UNII:TZR3GM95PR
Nikkaji Web:J95.400D
Beilstein Number:1903790
MDL:MFCD00064145
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2902 L-alpha-pinene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.85800 to 0.86200 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.148 to 7.181
Refractive Index:1.46400 to 1.46800 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-52.0 to -39.0
Melting Point: -64.00 to -61.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 155.00 to 157.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:3.489000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 91.00 °F. TCC ( 32.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.480
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.071 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
sharp warm resinous fresh pine terpenic earthy woody
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sharp warm resinous fresh pine
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor sample from: Millennium Chemicals
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Moellhausen
alpha-PINENE L-, Natural
Odor Description:sharp, terpenic, conifers
Taste Description:terpene
Pell Wall Perfumes
Pinene alpha, natural isolate
Odor Description:Warm-woody, fresh-pine, clean, resinous, minty
According to Arctander “alpa-Pinene is one of the lowest boiling of all Monoterpenes, and has therefore the most diffusive odor and poorest tenacity. It is also one of the purest commercially available Monoterpenes, the chief impurities being beta-Pinene and Camphene.”
Perfumery Laboratory
ALPHA natural pinene (alpha-PINENE Natural)
Odor Description:Warm wood, pine fresh, clean, resinous aroma with a hint of mint
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Aurochemicals
PINENE ALPHA (1S), Natural
Axxence Aromatic
alpha-PINENE Natural
Sustainability
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(-)-a-Pinene, cont. variable amounts of enantiomer 95%
ECSA Chemicals
alpha-Pinene
Company Profile
Excellentia International
alpha-Pinene, l- Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
(-)-alpha-Pinene (GC) ≥99% (sum of enantiomers)
Indenta Group
alpha-Pinene
Indukern F&F
ALPHA PINENE LAEVO NATURAL
Odor: FRESH, CONIFEROUS, PINE, RESINOUS
Lluch Essence
alpha-PINENE NATURAL 95% laevo
M&U International
NAT. L-alpha-PINENE
Moellhausen
alpha-PINENE L-, Natural
Odor: sharp, terpenic, conifers
Flavor: terpene
Pell Wall Perfumes
Pinene alpha, natural isolate
Odor: Warm-woody, fresh-pine, clean, resinous, minty
Use: According to Arctander “alpa-Pinene is one of the lowest boiling of all Monoterpenes, and has therefore the most diffusive odor and poorest tenacity. It is also one of the purest commercially available Monoterpenes, the chief impurities being beta-Pinene and Camphene.”
Penta International
L-ALPHA-PINENE, Kosher, Halal
Perfumery Laboratory
ALPHA natural pinene (alpha-PINENE Natural)
Odor: Warm wood, pine fresh, clean, resinous aroma with a hint of mint
Prodasynth
ALPHA PINENE, NATURAL
(> 95%)
Odor: PINE, CAMPHORACEOUS, EARTHY
Reincke & Fichtner
L-(-)-alpha-Pinene
Sigma-Aldrich
(-)-a-Pinene, ≥97%, FCC
Odor: woody
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(1S)-(-)-a-Pinene >97.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 3700 mg/kg

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for L-(-)-alpha-pinene usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -160.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 16.0000054.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 2.60000150.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -64.00000
fruit ices: -64.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -48.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):7785-26-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :440968
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2368
WGK Germany:1
(1S,5S)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
Chemidplus:0007785264
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 (1S,5S)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:7785-26-4
Pubchem (cid):440968
Pubchem (sid):134991235
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06308
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35658
FooDB:FDB014374
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
fennel fragrance
FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
arabinogalactan
CS
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
dextro-
borneol
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl methyl ether
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
gurjun balsam
FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
(Z)-
pinane
FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
hinoki leaf oil
FR
citrus
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
earthy
orris specialty
FR
scotch
pine needle oil
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil estonia
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil yugoslavia
FL/FR
pogostemon cablin leaf extract
FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
bois de rose oil terpeneless
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
leerall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris fragrance
FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
orris rhizome absolute replacer
FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
verdyl acetate
FR
fresh
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
iso
butyl furyl propionate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
decahydrocyclododecaoxazole
FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
lawsonia inermis leaf oil CO2 extract
FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
oakmoss oil
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
picea mariana leaf oil
FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
arnica flower absolute
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
fir needle oil replacer
FR
guava leaf oil cuba
FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
myrcenyl methyl ether
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
pine hexanol
FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
laevo-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
rain forest specialty
FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
sage oleoresin
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
marine
marine pyridine
FR
minty
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute color reduced
FL/FR
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
pine
cypress oil replacer
FR
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon
FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
tea tree oil
FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
pinus nigra twig leaf oil
FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
tonka
flouve absolute
FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
tropical
patchwood
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
boswellia neglecta oil
FR
cedarwood oil port orford
FR
cedrela wood oil
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
cyperus root oil (cyperus scariosus)
FR
cypriol oil (cyperus scariosus)
FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
dihydro-gamma-ionone
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
dryopteris filix-mas oleoresin
FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
herbal norbornane
FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
myrtenyl formate
FL/FR
nopyl aldehyde
FR
orris hexanone
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
terpeneless
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
pelargonium radula oil
FR
pinacol
FR
cis-2-
pinanol
FR
pogostemon cablin leaf oil
FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
beta-
terpineol
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
3(or 2),4,5-
trimethyl octahydro-4,7-methanoinden-5-ol
FR
1,3,5,7-
undecatetraene
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil fractions
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti MD
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
dextro-
borneol
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
iso
bornyl methyl ether
FL/FR
dihydro-gamma-ionone
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
myrcenyl methyl ether
FL/FR
myrtenyl formate
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil estonia
FL/FR
scotch
pine needle oil yugoslavia
FL/FR
laevo-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
3-
propyl pyridine
FL
beta-
terpineol
FL/FR
1,3,5,7-
undecatetraene
FL/FR
vitispirane
FL
iso
butyl furyl propionate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
amber
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
laevo-
borneol
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
fenchol
FL/FR
laevo-
fenchone
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
dextro-
fenchone
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
bois de rose oil terpeneless
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
greasy
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
galbanum absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
oregano oleoresin
FL
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
sage oleoresin
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
myrtenol
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute color reduced
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
pine
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
thujonic
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
terpeneless
patchouli oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil china
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
vetiver oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti MD
FL/FR
vetiveria zizanioides root oil
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbalsam
FRcitrus
 fir
FRherbal
FRpine
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 almond
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel fruit oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 tea tree oil @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 turpentine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
(-)-pin-2(3)-ene
(-)-a-pinene
(1S,5S)-2-pinene
(1S)-(-)-alpha-pinene
L-(-)-alpha-pinene
L-alpha-pinene
laevo-alpha-pinene
alpha-pinene L-, natural
alpha-pinene laevo natural
alpha-pinene laevo-
(1S,5S)-2,6,6-trimethyl bicyclo(3.1.1)hept-2-ene
(1S,5S)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
 
 
Notes:
alpha-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). Both enantiomers are known in nature; 1S,5S- or (-)-alpha-pinene is more common in European pines, whereas the 1R,5R- or (+)-alpha-isomer is more common in North America. The racemic mixture is present in some oils such as eucalyptus oil. (Wikipedia)
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