carvacrol
2-methyl-5-(methylethyl)phenol
 
Notes:
Constit. of many essential oils. Esp. found in the Labiatae. Thyme oil (=70%) and Origanum oil (=80%) are rich sources. Flavouring ingredient
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
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      Services
      Product(s):
      Carvacrol
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      Carvacrol
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL SocietÓ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Carvacrol, Natural
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
      Email: Info
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      Voice: +86 (0)592 5105533
      Fax: +86 (0)592 5151667
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      Product(s):
      Carvacrol 98, 99.5%
      Carvacrol is present in the essential oil of Origanum vulgare (oregano), oil of thyme, oil obtained from pepperwort, and wild bergamot. The essential oil of Thyme subspecies contains between 5% and 75% of carvacrol, while Satureja (savory) subspecies have a content between 1% and 45%. Origanum majorana (marjoram) and Dittany of Crete are rich in carvacrol, 50% resp. 60-80%.It is also found in tequila.
       
       
  • Frutarom
    • Frutarom Ltd
      Discover Our Passion
      Your preferred partner for flavour and fragrance success.
      At Frutarom, we take pride in our expertise and knowledge of Flavour & Fragrance Ingredients and our thorough understanding of the needs of Flavourists, Perfumers and Food Technologists. Working closely with our customers we have a strong track record of providing unique solutions to fulfil requirements.
      US Email: Info- USA
      Email: Info - UK
      Voice: +44 (0) 1429 863 222
      US Voice: +1 513 870 4900
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      11437 CARVACROL
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
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      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HLK072 Carvacrol Natural99%
      HLW-FC005 Carvacrol
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      CARVACROL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      N0172 NAT.CARVACROL
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      105606 CARVACROL
      105603 CARVACROL/THYMOL 60/40
      105602 CARVACROL/THYMOL 70/30
      105601 CARVACROL/THYMOL 80/20
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-11400 CARVACROL FCC, Kosher
      03-11405 CARVACROL, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
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      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W224502 Carvacrol, ≥98%, FCC, FG
      SDS
      W224511 Carvacrol, natural, 99%, FG
      SDS
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
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      Product(s):
      C0026 Carvacrol >98.0%(GC)
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      Carvacrol
      Carvacrol Type Oil Kosher
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenol (Click)
CAS Number: 499-75-2Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 207-889-6
FDA UNII: 9B1J4V995Q
Nikkaji Web: J6.180H
Beilstein Number: 1860514
MDL: MFCD00002236
CoE Number: 2055
XlogP3: 3.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 150.22078000
Formula: C10 H14 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 710  carvacrol
Flavis Number: 04.031 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 04.031  carvacrol
FEMA Number: 2245  carvacrol
FDA Mainterm: CARVACROL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to yellow clear viscous liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.97600 @  25.00 °C.
Refractive Index: 1.52200 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 1.00 to  3.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 237.70 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 148.00 to  149.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.030000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 224.00 °F. TCC ( 106.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.490
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 alkalies
 ether
 sulfuric acid
 water, 1250 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 cream
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 soap
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium
 spicy  woody  camphoreous  thyme  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
spice woody camphor thymol
Luebke, William tgsc, (1989)
 spicy  cooling  thyme  herbal  camphoreous  smoky  
Odor Description:
Spicy, cooling, thymol-like, herbal and camphoreous with smoky nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 1, 33, (1998)
 spicy  herbal  phenolic  medicinal  woody  
Taste Description:
at 5.00 ppm.  
Spicy, herbal, phenolic, medicinal and woody
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 23, No. 1, 33, (1998)
Substantivity: 272 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
CARVACROL NATURAL
Anhui Haibei
Carvacrol natural
Anhui Haibei
Carvacrol
Odor: Characteristic odor of celery
Augustus Oils
Carvacrol
Services
Berjé
Carvacrol
Happening at Berje
Diffusions Aromatiques
CARVACROL
ECSA Chemicals
Carvacrol, Natural
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
CARVACROL NATURAL
Odor: SPICY, ORIGANUM
Ernesto Ventós
CARVACROL
Odor: SPICY, ORIGANUM
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Carvacrol (GC) ≥98%
Foreverest Resources
Carvacrol 98, 99.5%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Carvacrol is present in the essential oil of Origanum vulgare (oregano), oil of thyme, oil obtained from pepperwort, and wild bergamot. The essential oil of Thyme subspecies contains between 5% and 75% of carvacrol, while Satureja (savory) subspecies have a content between 1% and 45%. Origanum majorana (marjoram) and Dittany of Crete are rich in carvacrol, 50% resp. 60-80%.It is also found in tequila.
Frutarom
CARVACROL
Global Essence
Carvacrol
Indenta Group
Carvacrol
Indukern F&F
CARVACROL EXTRA
Odor: SPICY, CAMPHORATED, PHENOLIC, MEDICINAL
CROP CALENDAR
Jiangyin Healthway
Carvacrol Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Jiangyin Healthway
Carvacrol
Kunshan Sainty
Carvacrol, Kosher
Lluch Essence
CARVACROL
Odor: CAMPHORACEOUS, WOODY, SPICY
M&U International
NAT.CARVACROL
Moellhausen
CARVACROL
Odor: phenolic, herbaceous, thyme
Flavor: aromatic, medicinal
Moellhausen
CARVACROL/THYMOL 60/40
Moellhausen
CARVACROL/THYMOL 70/30
Moellhausen
CARVACROL/THYMOL 80/20
Penta International
CARVACROL FCC, Kosher
Penta International
CARVACROL, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Carvacrol
Renessenz (Symris)
Carvacrol 99.5 %
Sigma-Aldrich
Carvacrol, ≥98%, FCC, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Carvacrol, natural, 99%, FG
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Carvacrol >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
Carvacrol Type Oil
Kosher
Treatt
Carvacrol
Ungerer & Company
Carvacrol Natural
Vigon International
Carvacrol FCC
Odor: PUNGENT, SPICY, THYMOL-LIKE
Wanxiang International
Carvacrol (+)
WEN International
Carvacrol, Natural
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
C - Corrosive.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 34 - Causes burns.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  810 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

intravenous-mouse LD50  80 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SLEEP
Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. Vol. 23, Pg. 1350, 1980.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  73300 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Quarterly Journal of Crude Drug Research. Vol. 19, Pg. 1, 1981.

oral-cat LDLo  100 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 46, 1959.

intravenous-dog LDLo  310 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA
Therapie. Vol. 3, Pg. 109, 1948.

oral-rabbit LDLo  100 mg/kg
Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archiv fuer Experimentelle Pathologie und Pharmakologie. Vol. 161, Pg. 196, 1931.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LDLo 2700 mg/kg
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): "DERMATITIS, OTHER: AFTER SYSTEMIC EXPOSURE"
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Scientific Edition. Vol. 38, Pg. 366, 1949.

subcutaneous-mouse LD50 680 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Sapporo Igaku Zasshi. Sapporo Medical Journal. Vol. 3, Pg. 73, 1952.

subcutaneous-frog LDLo 75 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 46, 1959.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 1000 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 46, 1959.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for carvacrol usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 14.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 0.30 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -120.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -26.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -37.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -34.00000
fruit ices: -34.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -92.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 22 (FGE.22): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 58 (FGE.58) Consideration of phenol derivatives evaluated by JECFA (55th meeting) structurally related to ring substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 60 (FGE.60): Consideration of eugenol and related hydroxyallylbenzene derivatives evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting) structurally related to ring- substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 22, Revision 1 (FGE.22Rev1): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of phenol derivatives containing ring-alkyl, ring-alkoxy and side-chains with an oxygenated functional group (chemical group 25) when used as flavourings for all species
View page or View pdf
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 499-75-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 10364
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3265
WGK Germany: 3
 2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenol
Chemidplus: 0000499752
RTECS: FI1225000 for cas# 499-75-2
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 499-75-2
Pubchem (cid): 10364
Pubchem (sid): 134977964
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09840
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35770
FooDB: FDB014512
Export Tariff Code: 2907.19.8000
Haz-Map: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•the commercial product consists of a mixture of isomers differing because of the position of the isopropyl radical. the technical & pure quality are different because of the odor characteristics. •the main constituentof origanum oilis carvacrol (ca 60%)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 calamenene 
 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran 
amber
 amber caraneFR
balsamic
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-bornyl acetate 
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
laevo-fenchoneFL/FR
 herbal ethanoneFR
citrus
 dipenteneFL/FR
earthy
 bornyl methyl ether 
3-octanolFL/FR
floral
 cilantro herb oil egyptFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 linalool oxide (furanoid)FL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
green
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 privet dioxaneFR
herbal
 ajowan seed oilFL/FR
 ajowan seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
delta-cadinene 
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
 chamomile oil moroccoFR
1,8-cineoleFL/FR
2,10-epoxypinaneFR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 eucalyptus radiata leaf/stem oilFR
 herbal acetalFR
 herbal dioxaneFR
 hyssopus officinalis extractFL/FR
 hyssopus officinalis leaf tinctureFL/FR
 laurel bark oil 
 laurel stem oil 
 lavandin absoluteFL/FR
 lavandin absolute decolorizedFL/FR
 lavandin concreteFL/FR
spike lavender absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute franceFL/FR
spike lavender oilFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
T-muurololFL/FR
 niaouli oilFR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 rosemary absoluteFL/FR
 rosemary oilFL/FR
 rosemary oil moroccoFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 sage absolute spainFL/FR
common tansy flower oilFR
common tansy flower oil dutchFR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis spp. sylvestris) spainFR
 thyme oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 thyme oil CO2 extract spainFL/FR
red thyme oil indiaFL/FR
red thyme oil spainFL/FR
 thyme oil wild or creeping canadaFL/FR
 thyme undecaneFR
 thymolFL/FR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
medicinal
2,6-xylenolFL/FR
mentholic
laevo-mentholFL/FR
minty
 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iranFR
 dihydrocarveolFL/FR
(R)-(+)-menthofuran 
(-)-menthoneFL/FR
 methyl salicylateFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 spearmint oil americaFL/FR
naphthyl
ortho-methyl anisoleFL/FR
butylated hydroxytolueneCS
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
4-propyl phenolFL/FR
2-propyl phenolFL/FR
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
 atractylis root oilFR
 caryophylleneFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
alpha-caryophyllene alcoholFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 clove bud oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
ortho-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
4-methyl guaiacolFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam 
black pepper absoluteFL/FR
 spicy carbonateFR
 sugandha kokila berry oilFR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
thujonic
 sage oil (salvia lavandulifolia vahl.) spainFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
common tansy oil canadaFR
vanilla
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
woody
isocaryophylleneCS
 caryophyllene alcohol acetateFR
beta-caryophyllene oxideFL/FR
atlas cedarwood oilFR
alpha-copaene 
 dacrydium franklinii wood oilFR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
(E)-germacrene DFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
(1R,4S)-1-hydroxy-1,4-dimethyl spiro(4.6)undecan-2-one 
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
 longifoleneFL/FR
gamma-muurolene 
 patchouli absoluteFR
 rhubarb oxiraneFR
 spicy pentanoneFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 thyme oil portugueseFR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 ajowan seed oil CO2 extractFL/FR
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
dextro-bornyl acetate 
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
delta-cadinene 
 calamenene 
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
alpha-caryophyllene alcoholFL/FR
 chavicolFL
alpha-copaene 
 dipenteneFL/FR
(E)-germacrene DFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
(1R,4S)-1-hydroxy-1,4-dimethyl spiro(4.6)undecan-2-one 
 laurel bark oil 
 laurel stem oil 
 lavandin absolute decolorizedFL/FR
 linalool oxide (furanoid)FL/FR
 longifoleneFL/FR
(R)-(+)-menthofuran 
gamma-muurolene 
T-muurololFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam 
(Z,Z)-photocitral AFL
2-propyl phenolFL/FR
4-propyl phenolFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran 
 spikenard oilFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
balsamic
 opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)FL/FR
brown
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
burnt
2,6-xylenolFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
laevo-fenchoneFL/FR
ortho-methyl anisoleFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
cooling
spike lavender oilFL/FR
laevo-mentholFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
floral
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
fruity
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 spicy pentanoneFL/FR
green
 dihydrocarveolFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 octanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
herbal
 ajowan seed oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 bornyl methyl ether 
 cilantro herb oil egyptFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 hyssopus officinalis extractFL/FR
 hyssopus officinalis leaf tinctureFL/FR
 lavandin absoluteFL/FR
 lavandin concreteFL/FR
spike lavender absoluteFL/FR
 lavender absolute franceFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 rosemary absoluteFL/FR
 rosemary oilFL/FR
 rosemary oil moroccoFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
 sage absolute spainFL/FR
 sage oil (salvia lavandulifolia vahl.) spainFL/FR
 tarragon oleoresinFL
white thyme oilFL/FR
 thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spainFL/FR
 thyme oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 thyme oil CO2 extract spainFL/FR
red thyme oil indiaFL/FR
red thyme oil spainFL/FR
 thyme oil wild or creeping canadaFL/FR
 thyme oleoresinFL
medicinal
 frankincense absoluteFL/FR
minty
1,8-cineoleFL/FR
(-)-menthoneFL/FR
 methyl salicylateFL/FR
 spearmint oil americaFL/FR
musty
3-octanolFL/FR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
phenolic
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
 thymolFL/FR
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
pine
 pine needle oil dwarfFL/FR
solvent
 methyl phenyl sulfideFL
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
beta-caryophylleneFL/FR
 caryophylleneFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 clove bud oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
 cubeb oleoresinFL
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
ortho-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
black pepper absoluteFL/FR
 turmeric oleoresinFL
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
terpenic
para-cymeneFL/FR
vanilla
4-methyl guaiacolFL/FR
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
waxy
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
woody
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
beta-caryophyllene oxideFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 juniper berry oleoresinFL/FR
alpha-pineneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 zedoary bark oilFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 camphorFL/FR
 carawayFL/FR
 cloveFR
 cranberryFR
 dillFL/FR
 meat 
 mintFR
 oreganoFL/FR
 pennyroyalFL/FR
 smokeFL
 tea greenFR
 thymeFL/FR
 valerianFL/FR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot plant wild
Search Trop  Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus
Search Trop  Picture
 camphor oil
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chenopodium ambrosioides oil @ 4.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cistus oil @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 corn silk
Search Trop  Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ <0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop plant
Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon balm
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 38.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram
Search  Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 0.46%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.50-6.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 78.27-79.46%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 23.43-78.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram wild marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mint
Search  Picture
 myrtle
Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano flower oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 16.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 origanum oil greece @ 66.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pteronia oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil egypt @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil spain @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil turkey @ 1.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil england @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil reunion @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 29.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory
Search  Picture
 savory oil summer @ 23.88-27.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oil winter @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oleoresin winter @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory summer savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory oil
Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil argentina @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 thymbra spicata
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme absolute @ 6.96%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil portuguese @ 42.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 3.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 33.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red spain @ 0.61-1.72%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil spain @ 1.66%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil spain @ 3.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 8.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 13.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut oil
Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil america @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil spain @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.10-1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil italy @ 0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 antioxine
 carvacrol (+)
 carvacrol extra
 carvacrol FCC
 carvacrol natural
p-cymene-2-ol
para-cymene-2-ol
2-p-cymenol
2-para-cymenol
 cymophenol
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-isopropyl benzene
1-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-isopropylbenzene
2-hydroxy-4-cymene
 hydroxy-p-cymene
2-hydroxy-p-cymene
2-hydroxy-para-cymene
 karvakrol
1-methyl-2-hydroxy-4-isopropyl benzene
1-methyl-2-hydroxy-4-isopropylbenzene
6-methyl-3-isopropyl phenol
6-methyl-3-isopropylphenol
2-methyl-5-(1-methyl ethyl) phenol
2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)phenol
2-methyl-5-(methylethyl)phenol
2-methyl-5-(propan-2-yl)phenol
2-methyl-5-isopropyl phenol
2-methyl-5-isopropylphenol
2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenol
 phenol, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-
5-isopropyl-2-methyl phenol
5-isopropyl-2-methyl-phenol
5-isopropyl-2-methylphenol
3-isopropyl-6-methyl phenol
3-isopropyl-6-methylphenol
5-isopropyl-o-cresol
isopropyl-o-cresol
5-isopropyl-ortho-cresol
isopropyl-ortho-cresol
o-thymol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Transfer of terpenes from essential oils into cow milk.
PubMed: A comparative study of the antioxidant/prooxidant effects of carvacrol and thymol at various concentrations on membrane and DNA of parental and drug resistant H1299 cells.
PubMed: Volatiles profiling in medicinal licorice roots using steam distillation and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to chemometrics.
PubMed: Antibacterial properties and chemical characterization of the essential oils from summer savory extracted by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation.
PubMed: Improvement of the overall quality of table grapes stored under modified atmosphere packaging in combination with natural antimicrobial compounds.
PubMed: Preservative effect of combined treatment with electrolyzed NaCl solutions and essential oil compounds on carp fillets during convectional air-drying.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: Applications of High-Temperature Aqueous Media for Synthetic Organic Reactions.
PubMed: Toxicological properties of thio- and alkylphenols causing flavor tainting in fish from the upper Wisconsin River.
PubMed: A method for quantitative analysis of flavor-tainting alkylphenols and aromatic thiols in fish.
PubMed: An Assessment of Antioxidative, Chelating and DNA-protective Effects of Selected Essential Oil Components of Plants (Eugenol, Carvacrol, Thymol, Borneol, Eucalyptol) and Intact Rosmarinus officinalis Oil.
PubMed: The Bioactivity and Toxicological Actions of Carvacrol.
PubMed: Effect of Structure on the Interactions between Five Natural Antimicrobial Compounds and Phospholipids of Bacterial Cell Membrane on Model Monolayers.
PubMed: Antioxidant effects of the monoterpenes carvacrol, thymol and sabinene hydrate on chemical and sensory stability of roasted sunflower seeds.
PubMed: Antiviral efficacy and mechanisms of action of oregano essential oil and its primary component carvacrol against murine norovirus.
PubMed: Antileishmanial activity of essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides and its main components against experimental cutaneous leishmaniasis in BALB/c mice.
PubMed: Effects of chitosan-essential oil coatings on safety and quality of fresh blueberries.
PubMed: Poly(anhydride-esters) comprised exclusively of naturally occurring antimicrobials and EDTA: antioxidant and antibacterial activities.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of fractions from oregano essential oils obtained by molecular distillation.
PubMed: Carvacrol and trans-cinnamaldehyde reduce Clostridium difficile toxin production and cytotoxicity in vitro.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of carvacrol loaded polyhydroxybutyrate nanoparticles by nanoprecipitation and dialysis methods.
PubMed: Sublethal amounts of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil and carvacrol cause injury and changes in membrane fatty acid of Salmonella Typhimurium cultivated in a meat broth.
PubMed: Antifungal efficacy of thymol, carvacrol, eugenol and menthol as alternative agents to control the growth of food-relevant fungi.
PubMed: Effect of quince seed mucilage edible films incorporated with oregano or thyme essential oil on shelf life extension of refrigerated rainbow trout fillets.
PubMed: Apple, carrot, and hibiscus edible films containing the plant antimicrobials carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde inactivate Salmonella Newport on organic leafy greens in sealed plastic bags.
PubMed: Trends in the use of natural antioxidants in active food packaging: a review.
PubMed: Optimization of antimicrobial and physical properties of alginate coatings containing carvacrol and methyl cinnamate for strawberry application.
PubMed: Cytotoxicity and morphological effects induced by carvacrol and thymol on the human cell line Caco-2.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum Desf. at different phenological stages.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of nisin, thymol, carvacrol and cymene against growth of Candida lusitaniae.
PubMed: GABA(A) receptor modulation by terpenoids from Sideritis extracts.
PubMed: Impacts of sample preparation methods on solubility and antilisterial characteristics of essential oil components in milk.
PubMed: The additive properties of Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity (ORAC) assay: the case of essential oils.
PubMed: Rapid inactivation of Salmonella Enteritidis on shell eggs by plant-derived antimicrobials.
PubMed: Physicochemical, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of chitosan films incorporated with carvacrol.
PubMed: Essential oil from Chenopodium ambrosioides and main components: activity against Leishmania, their mitochondria and other microorganisms.
PubMed: In vivo screening of four phytochemicals/extracts and a fungal immunomodulatory protein against an Eimeria acervulina infection in broilers.
PubMed: Effect of relative humidity on carvacrol release and permeation properties of chitosan based films and coatings.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant-derived antimicrobials as antimicrobial wash treatments for reducing enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 on apples.
PubMed: Physicochemical properties and antimicrobial efficacy of carvacrol nanoemulsions formed by spontaneous emulsification.
PubMed: Disruption of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascade and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by an essential oil from Monarda citriodora.
PubMed: Evaluation of the effect of carvacrol on the Escherichia coli 555 metabolome by using 1H-NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed: Bioassay-guided investigation of two Monarda essential oils as repellents of yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Antifungal efficacy of some natural phenolic compounds against significant pathogenic and toxinogenic filamentous fungi.
PubMed: Lack of induction of direct protection or cross-protection in Staphylococcus aureus by sublethal concentrations of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil and carvacrol in a meat-based medium.
PubMed: Antibiofilm effect of plant derived antimicrobials on Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Predictive thermal inactivation model for the combined effect of temperature, cinnamaldehyde and carvacrol on starvation-stressed multiple Salmonella serotypes in ground chicken.
PubMed: Combined effect of nisin, carvacrol and a previous thermal treatment on the growth of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella senftenberg.
PubMed: Effect of Plant Derived Antimicrobials on Salmonella Enteritidis Adhesion to and Invasion of Primary Chicken Oviduct Epithelial Cells in vitro and Virulence Gene Expression.
PubMed: Effect of combination of essential oils and bacteriocins on the efficacy of gamma radiation against Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Transfer of terpenes from essential oils into cow milk.
PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of Arisaema franchetianum and Arisaema lobatum essential oils against Haemonchus contortus.
PubMed: Carvacrol partially reverses symptoms of diabetes in STZ-induced diabetic rats.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: Effect of naturally occurring antimicrobials and chemical preservatives on the growth of Aspergillus Parasiticus.
PubMed: Synergistic activity between lauric arginate and carvacrol in reducing Salmonella in ground turkey.
PubMed: Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes on frankfurters by plant-derived antimicrobials alone or in combination with hydrogen peroxide.
PubMed: Chemical composition and bioactivity of different oregano (Origanum vulgare) extracts and essential oil.
PubMed: Matrix structure selection in the microparticles of essential oil oregano produced by spray dryer.
PubMed: Carvacrol Protects against Hepatic Steatosis in Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet by Enhancing SIRT1-AMPK Signaling.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of essential oil components against potential food spoilage microorganisms.
PubMed: Effect of essential oil compound on shedding and colonization of Salmonella enterica serovar Heidelberg in broilers.
PubMed: A comparative study of the antioxidant/prooxidant effects of carvacrol and thymol at various concentrations on membrane and DNA of parental and drug resistant H1299 cells.
PubMed: Inactivation of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium and quality maintenance of cherry tomatoes treated with gaseous essential oils.
PubMed: A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed: Use of plant-derived antimicrobials for improving the safety of poultry products.
PubMed: Volatiles profiling in medicinal licorice roots using steam distillation and solid-phase microextraction (SPME) coupled to chemometrics.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidative activity of Echinophora platyloba DC. essential oil, and its interaction with natural antimicrobials against food-borne pathogens and spoilage organisms.
PubMed: Anthelmintic activity of carvacryl acetate against Schistosoma mansoni.
PubMed: Evaluation of carvacrol for the control of Escherichia coli O157 on cattle hide and carcass cuts.
PubMed: Enhanced activity of carvacrol against biofilm of Staphylococcus aureus and Staphylococcus epidermidis in an acidic environment.
PubMed: Phytochemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of some medicinal plants.
PubMed: Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes biofilms on stainless steel and polystyrene surfaces by essential oils.
PubMed: Effects of cyclodextrins on the antimicrobial activity of plant-derived essential oil compounds.
PubMed: Development of antioxidant packaging material by applying corn-zein to LLDPE film in combination with phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Mycotoxicogenic fungal inhibition by innovative cheese cover with aromatic plants.
PubMed: Effects of Thymol and Carvacrol, Constituents of Thymus vulgaris L. Essential Oil, on the Inflammatory Response.
PubMed: Reduction of Listeria monocytogenes in raw catfish fillets by essential oils and phenolic constituent carvacrol.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory and anti-ulcer activities of carvacrol, a monoterpene present in the essential oil of oregano.
PubMed: Antifungal effect of Mexican oregano (Lippia berlandieri Schauer) essential oil on a wheat flour-based medium.
PubMed: Hybrid molecules of carvacrol and benzoyl urea/thiourea with potential applications in agriculture and medicine.
PubMed: UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis of non-volatile migrants from new active packaging materials.
PubMed: The effects of essential oils carvacrol and thymol on growth of Penicillium digitatum and P. italicum involved in lemon decay.
PubMed: Sensory evaluation of baked chicken wrapped with antimicrobial apple and tomato edible films formulated with cinnamaldehyde and carvacrol.
PubMed: Comprehensive assessment of antioxidant activity of essential oils.
PubMed: Carvacrol and 1,8-cineole alone or in combination at sublethal concentrations induce changes in the cell morphology and membrane permeability of Pseudomonas fluorescens in a vegetable-based broth.
PubMed: Insecticidal and acetylcholine esterase inhibition activity of Apiaceae plant essential oils and their constituents against adults of German cockroach (Blattella germanica).
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of Zataria multiflora essential oil and its main components on nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide production in glucose-stimulated human monocyte.
PubMed: Antimicrobials for reduction of Salmonella contamination in uncooked, surface-browned breaded chicken products.
PubMed: Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes on ham and bologna using pectin-based apple, carrot, and hibiscus edible films containing carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde.
PubMed: Action of tyrosinase on ortho-substituted phenols: possible influence on browning and melanogenesis.
PubMed: Activity of caprylic acid, carvacrol, ╬Á-polylysine and their combinations against Salmonella in not-ready-to-eat surface-browned, frozen, breaded chicken products.
PubMed: Larvicidal activity of ajowan ( Trachyspermum ammi ) and Peru balsam ( Myroxylon pereira ) oils and blends of their constituents against mosquito, Aedes aegypti , acute toxicity on water flea, Daphnia magna , and aqueous residue.
PubMed: Concentration of antioxidant polyphenols from Thymus capitatus extracts by membrane process technology.
PubMed: Plant-derived antimicrobials reduce Listeria monocytogenes virulence factors in vitro, and down-regulate expression of virulence genes.
PubMed: Identification of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase isoforms involved in hepatic and intestinal glucuronidation of phytochemical carvacrol.
PubMed: Study on carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde polymeric films: mechanical properties, release kinetics and antibacterial and antibiofilm activities.
PubMed: Evidence for lack of acquisition of tolerance in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium ATCC 14028 after exposure to subinhibitory amounts of Origanum vulgare L. essential oil and carvacrol.
PubMed: In vitro inhibitory activity of essential oil vapors against Ascosphaera apis.
PubMed: Carvacrol, a food-additive, provides neuroprotection on focal cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injury in mice.
PubMed: Enhancing antioxidant capacity and reducing decay of chinese bayberries by essential oils.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of natural agents coated on starch-based films against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: An investigation on characteristics of rainbow trout coated using chitosan assisted with thyme essential oil.
PubMed: Essential oils in food preservation: mode of action, synergies, and interactions with food matrix components.
PubMed: Kinetics of thermal destruction of Salmonella in ground chicken containing trans-cinnamaldehyde and carvacrol.
PubMed: Synergies of carvacrol and 1,8-cineole to inhibit bacteria associated with minimally processed vegetables.
PubMed: Effects of carvacrol, (E)-2-hexenal, and citral on the thermal death kinetics of Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Influence of droplet size on the efficacy of oil-in-water emulsions loaded with phenolic antimicrobials.
PubMed: Shelf-life extension of gilthead seabream fillets by osmotic treatment and antimicrobial agents.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial effects of essential oils of Eucalyptus globulus, Myrtus communis and Satureja hortensis against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Staphylococcus aureus in minced beef.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol: current progress and future prospectives.
PubMed: Selective extraction of oxygenated compounds from oregano with sub-critical water.
PubMed: Antibacterial properties and chemical characterization of the essential oils from summer savory extracted by microwave-assisted hydrodistillation.
PubMed: Anti-proliferative and pro-apoptotic effect of carvacrol on human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG-2.
PubMed: Essential oils from aromatic herbs as antimicrobial agents.
PubMed: Biopreservation of hamburgers by essential oil of Zataria multiflora.
PubMed: Composition and in vitro antibacterial activity of essential oils from four Satureja species growing in Iran.
PubMed: Effect of Satureja khuzestanica essential oil on oxidative stability of sunflower oil during accelerated storage.
PubMed: Design of nanoemulsion-based delivery systems of natural antimicrobials: effect of the emulsifier.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of essential oil and extracts of bay laurel Laurus nobilis Linnaeus (Lauraceae) from Portugal.
PubMed: Estrous cycle affects the neurochemical and neurobehavioral profile of carvacrol-treated female rats.
PubMed: Synergistic effects and physiological responses of selected bacterial isolates from animal feed to four natural antimicrobials and two antibiotics.
PubMed: Pharmacological effect of carvacrol on D: -galactosamine-induced mitochondrial enzymes and DNA damage by single-cell gel electrophoresis.
PubMed: Volatile compounds and bioactivity of Eremurus spectabilis (Ciris), a Turkish wild edible vegetable.
PubMed: Antimicrobial edible apple films inactivate antibiotic resistant and susceptible Campylobacter jejuni strains on chicken breast.
PubMed: Oregano: chemical analysis and evaluation of its antimalarial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed: Bactericidal action of binary and ternary mixtures of carvacrol, thymol, and eugenol against Listeria innocua.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial and spasmolytic properties of Poliomintha longiflora and Lippia graveolens essential oils.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from three ecotypes of Zataria multiflora.
PubMed: Carvacrol prevents diet-induced obesity by modulating gene expressions involved in adipogenesis and inflammation in mice fed with high-fat diet.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. extracts.
PubMed: The antimicrobial activity of microencapsulated thymol and carvacrol.
PubMed: Chemical and genetic diversity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. accessions growing wild in Iran.
PubMed: Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 biofilms by micelle-encapsulated eugenol and carvacrol.
PubMed: Reduction of Salmonella enterica contamination on grape tomatoes by washing with thyme oil, thymol, and carvacrol as compared with chlorine treatment.
PubMed: Antifumonisin activity of natural phenolic compounds A structure-property-activity relationship study.
PubMed: Atomic force microscopy analysis shows surface structure changes in carvacrol-treated bacterial cells.
PubMed: Induction of fatty acid composition modifications and tolerance to biocides in Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium by plant-derived terpenes.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. essential oil against Clostridium perfringens type A inoculated in mortadella-type sausages formulated with different levels of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Inactivation of Salmonella spp. on tomatoes by plant molecules.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of essential oils and solvent extracts of Ptychotis verticillata from Morocco.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity against foodborne Staphylococcus aureus and antioxidant capacity of various pure phenolic compounds.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties of the essential oil of Salvia lanigera from Cyprus.
PubMed: Screening of the constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endemic Origanum hypericifolium O. Schwartz & P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Nigella sativa: reduces the risk of various maladies.
PubMed: Citral, a component of lemongrass oil, activates PPAR╬▒ and ╬│ and suppresses COX-2 expression.
PubMed: Assessment of factors influencing antimicrobial activity of carvacrol and cymene against Vibrio cholerae in food.
PubMed: Effect of subinhibitory concentrations of plant-derived molecules in increasing the sensitivity of multidrug-resistant Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium DT104 to antibiotics.
PubMed: New approach to study the mechanism of antimicrobial protection of an active packaging.
PubMed: Response of Bacillus cereus to gamma-irradiation in combination with carvacrol or mild heat treatment.
PubMed: Essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) Ietswaart from Tunisia: chemical composition and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Phytochemistry and nematicidal activity of the essential oils from 8 Greek Lamiaceae aromatic plants and 13 terpene components.
PubMed: Fungal inactivation by Mexican oregano (Lippia berlandieri Schauer) essential oil added to amaranth, chitosan, or starch edible films.
PubMed: Release of naturally derived antimicrobial agents from LDPE films.
PubMed: Application of Gelidium corneum edible films containing carvacrol for ham packages.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities of the supercritical and conventional Satureja montana extracts.
PubMed: Active paraffin-based paper packaging for extending the shelf life of cherry tomatoes.
PubMed: Use of natural antimicrobials to increase antibiotic susceptibility of drug resistant bacteria.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial, antioxidant, and antispasmodic activities and the composition of the essential oil of Origanum acutidens (Hand.-Mazz.) Ietswaart.
PubMed: Combined effects of thymol, carvacrol and temperature on the quality of non conventional poultry patties.
PubMed: The influence of harvest time on essential oil composition, phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of Turkish oregano (Origanum onites L.).
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of oregano (Origanum vulgare) essentials oils: anti-inflammatory properties based on cytokine response on THP-1 macrophages.
PubMed: Inhibition of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli in model broth and rumen systems by carvacrol and thymol.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of carvacrol and 2-nitro-1-propanol against single and mixed populations of foodborne pathogenic bacteria in corn flour dough.
PubMed: Carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde inactivate antibiotic-resistant Salmonella enterica in buffer and on celery and oysters.
PubMed: A novel heat-shock protein coinducer boosts stress protein Hsp70 to activate T cell regulation of inflammation in autoimmune arthritis.
PubMed: Chemistry, antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activities of volatile oils and their components.
PubMed: Screening of phenolic antioxidants for their inhibitory activity against foodborne Staphylococcus aureus strains.
PubMed: Effects of thymol and carvacrol feed supplementation on lipid oxidation in broiler meat.
PubMed: The antimicrobial effect of oregano essential oil, nisin and their combination against Salmonella Enteritidis in minced sheep meat during refrigerated storage.
PubMed: Inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus in broth and meat broth using synergies of phenolics and organic acids.
PubMed: Bactericidal activity of glutaraldehyde-like compounds from olive products.
PubMed: Systemic induction of monoterpene biosynthesis in Origanumxmajoricum by soil bacteria.
PubMed: Lippia origanoides chemotype differentiation based on essential oil GC-MS and principal component analysis.
PubMed: Evaluation of combined antibacterial effects of eugenol, cinnamaldehyde, thymol, and carvacrol against E. coli with an improved method.
PubMed: Activity of natural compounds on Fusarium verticillioides and fumonisin production in stored maize kernels.
PubMed: Inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on the intact and damaged portions of lettuce and spinach leaves by using allyl isothiocyanate, carvacrol, and cinnamaldehyde in vapor phase.
PubMed: Edible apple film wraps containing plant antimicrobials inactivate foodborne pathogens on meat and poultry products.
PubMed: Effect of mixed antimicrobial agents and flavors in active packaging films.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from three chemotypes of Origanum vulgare L. ssp. hirtum (Link) Ietswaart growing wild in Campania (Southern Italy).
PubMed: Migration study of carvacrol as a natural antioxidant in high-density polyethylene for active packaging.
PubMed: Effect of carvacrol on hepatic marker enzymes and antioxidant status in D-galactosamine-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
PubMed: In vitro evaluation of the activity of microencapsulated carvacrol against Escherichia coli with K88 pili.
PubMed: Carvacrol, a component of thyme oil, activates PPARalpha and gamma and suppresses COX-2 expression.
PubMed: The antibacterial mechanism of carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli.
PubMed: Enhanced bactericidal activity of enterocin AS-48 in combination with essential oils, natural bioactive compounds and chemical preservatives against Listeria monocytogenes in ready-to-eat salad.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities of major thyme ingredients and lack of (oxidative) DNA damage in V79 Chinese hamster lung fibroblast cells at low levels of carvacrol and thymol.
PubMed: Hsp70 expression and induction as a readout for detection of immune modulatory components in food.
PubMed: Inactivation of Salmonella and Escherichia coli O157:H7 on sliced and whole tomatoes by allyl isothiocyanate, carvacrol, and cinnamaldehyde in vapor phase.
PubMed: Inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes in raw fruits by enterocin AS-48.
PubMed: Inhibitory activity of natural antimicrobial compounds alone or in combination with nisin against Enterobacter sakazakii.
PubMed: Carvacrol facilitates heat-induced inactivation of Escherichia coli O157:H7 and inhibits formation of heterocyclic amines in grilled ground beef patties.
PubMed: Composition of essential oil compounds from different Syrian populations of Origanum syriacum L. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Moisture and temperature triggered release of a volatile active agent from soy protein coated paper: effect of glass transition phenomena on carvacrol diffusion coefficient.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities.
PubMed: Biological and pharmacological activities of carvacrol and carvacrol bearing essential oils.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity against E. coli O157:H7, physical properties, and storage stability of novel carvacrol-containing edible tomato films.
PubMed: Carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde facilitate thermal destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in raw ground beef.
PubMed: Antifeedants and feeding stimulants in bark extracts of ten woody non-host species of the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis.
PubMed: Beta-cyclodextrins as carriers of monoterpenes into the hemolymph of the honey bee (Apis mellifera) for integrated pest management.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of naturally occurring compounds against Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis.
PubMed: Antioxidative properties of Thymus vulgaris leaves: comparison of different extracts and essential oil chemotypes.
PubMed: Inhibition of Bacillus cereus and Bacillus weihenstephanensis in raw vegetables by application of washing solutions containing enterocin AS-48 alone and in combination with other antimicrobials.
PubMed: Plant-derived compounds inactivate antibiotic-resistant Campylobacter jejuni strains.
PubMed: Selective three-phase liquid phase microextraction of acidic compounds from foodstuff simulants.
PubMed: Effective chemical control of psychrotrophic Bacillus cereus EPSO-35AS and INRA TZ415 spore outgrowth in carrot broth.
PubMed: Comparative study on the antioxidant and biological activities of carvacrol, thymol, and eugenol derivatives.
PubMed: Increasing antioxidant activity and reducing decay of blueberries by essential oils.
PubMed: Storage stability and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7 of carvacrol in edible apple films made by two different casting methods.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of Satureja hortensis L. essential oil on growth and aflatoxin production by Aspergillus parasiticus.
PubMed: Acaricidal activity of Thymus vulgaris oil and its main components against Tyrophagus putrescentiae, a stored food mite.
PubMed: Effect of maturation on the composition and biological activity of the essential oil of a commercially important Satureja species from Turkey: Satureja cuneifolia Ten. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Inhibition of Arcobacter butzleri, Arcobacter cryaerophilus, and Arcobacter skirrowii by plant oil aromatics.
PubMed: Improvement of the overall quality of table grapes stored under modified atmosphere packaging in combination with natural antimicrobial compounds.
PubMed: Efficacy of enterocin AS-48 against bacilli in ready-to-eat vegetable soups and purees.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of Escherichia coli mutants exhibiting altered response to thymol.
PubMed: Low temperature and binding to food components inhibit the antibacterial activity of carvacrol against Listeria monocytogenes in steak tartare.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity and the major components of the essential oil of Plectranthus cylindraceus.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of Arnica longifolia, Aster hesperius, and Chrysothamnus nauseosus essential oils.
PubMed: Development of flexible antimicrobial films using essential oils as active agents.
PubMed: Comparison of the volatile composition in thyme honeys from several origins in Greece.
PubMed: Synergistic effect of thymol and carvacrol combined with chelators and organic acids against Salmonella Typhimurium.
PubMed: Inactivation of Salmonella enteritidis and Salmonella senftenberg in liquid whole egg using generally recognized as safe additives, ionizing radiation, and heat.
PubMed: Interaction of four monoterpenes contained in essential oils with model membranes: implications for their antibacterial activity.
PubMed: Inhibition of Salmonella enterica serotype Enteritidis on agar and raw chicken by carvacrol vapour.
PubMed: Carvacrol induces heat shock protein 60 and inhibits synthesis of flagellin in Escherichia coli O157:H7.
PubMed: Membrane toxicity of antimicrobial compounds from essential oils.
PubMed: Vapor-phase activities of cinnamon, thyme, and oregano essential oils and key constituents against foodborne microorganisms.
PubMed: The effects of essential oils and aqueous tea infusions of oregano (Origanum vulgare L. spp. hirtum), thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) and wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.) on the copper-induced oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins.
PubMed: Treatment of vegetable sauces with enterocin AS-48 alone or in combination with phenolic compounds to inhibit proliferation of Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: DNA-protective effects of two components of essential plant oils carvacrol and thymol on mammalian cells cultured in vitro.
PubMed: Antimicrobial paper based on a soy protein isolate or modified starch coating including carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde.
PubMed: Carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, oregano oil, and thymol inhibit Clostridium perfringens spore germination and outgrowth in ground turkey during chilling.
PubMed: Modeling the inhibition of Salmonella typhimurium growth by combination of food antimicrobials.
PubMed: Susceptibility of food-borne bacteria to binary combinations of antimicrobials at selected a(w) and pH.
PubMed: Inhibition and inactivation of Listeria monocytogenes and Escherichia coli O157:H7 colony biofilms by micellar-encapsulated eugenol and carvacrol.
PubMed: Influence of carvacrol on survival of Botrytis cinerea inoculated in table grapes.
PubMed: In vitro assessment of antimicrobial activity of carvacrol, thymol and cinnamaldehyde towards Salmonella serotype Typhimurium DT104: effects of pig diets and emulsification in hydrocolloids.
PubMed: Combined effect of volatile antimicrobial agents on the growth of Penicillium notatum.
PubMed: Synergistic bactericidal effect of carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde or thymol and refrigeration to inhibit Bacillus cereus in carrot broth.
PubMed: Effect of thyme essential oils (Thymus hyemalis and Thymus zygis) and monensin on in vitro ruminal degradation and volatile fatty acid production.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oils of Thymus and Origanum species from Algeria and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.
PubMed: Control of Clostridium perfringens in cooked ground beef by carvacrol, cinnamaldehyde, thymol, or oregano oil during chilling.
PubMed: Inhibition of membrane bound ATPases of Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes by plant oil aromatics.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Helichrysum chasmolycicum growing wild in Turkey.
PubMed: Inhibition of lipid accumulation and lipid body formation in oleaginous yeast by effective components in spices, carvacrol, eugenol, thymol, and piperine.
PubMed: Characterization of volatile constituents of Haplopappus greenei and studies on the antifungal activity against phytopathogens.
PubMed: Characterization of the essential oil volatiles of Satureja thymbra and Satureja parnassica: influence of harvesting time and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Changes in membrane fatty acids composition of microbial cells induced by addiction of thymol, carvacrol, limonene, cinnamaldehyde, and eugenol in the growing media.
PubMed: Structural requirements for the antimicrobial activity of carvacrol.
PubMed: Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of compounds with antimicrobial activity from Origanum vulgare L.: determination of optimal extraction parameters.
PubMed: Disruption of Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes and Lactobacillus sakei cellular membranes by plant oil aromatics.
PubMed: Combined effect of carvacrol and packaging conditions on radiosensitivity of Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhi in ground beef.
PubMed: Preservative effect of combined treatment with electrolyzed NaCl solutions and essential oil compounds on carp fillets during convectional air-drying.
PubMed: Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils isolated from Thymbra capitata L. (Cav.) andOriganum vulgare L.
PubMed: Effects of antimicrobial components of essential oils on growth of Bacillus cereus INRA L2104 in and the sensory qualities of carrot broth.
PubMed: Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) leaves and its constituents increase the activities of xenobiotic-metabolizing enzymes in mouse liver.
PubMed: Volatile components and key odorants of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed: Carvacrol and p-cymene inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of spices and herbs towards Shigella sonnei and S. flexneri.
PubMed: Increase in activity of essential oil components carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli O157:H7 by addition of food stabilizers.
PubMed: Synergistic inhibitory effect of citral with selected phenolics against Zygosaccharomyces bailii.
PubMed: Effect of solution conductivity on the volatile constituents of Origanum dictamnus L. in nutrient film culture.
PubMed: Aspergillus flavus growth in the presence of chemical preservatives and naturally occurring antimicrobial compounds.
PubMed: Modulating effects of thyme and its major ingredients on oxidative DNA damage in human lymphocytes.
PubMed: Effects of Essential Oils and Monolaurin on Staphylococcus aureus: In Vitro and In Vivo Studies.
PubMed: Chemical compositions and antibacterial effects of essential oils of Turkish oregano (Origanum minutiflorum), bay laurel (Laurus nobilis), Spanish lavender (Lavandula stoechas L.), and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) on common foodborne pathogens.
PubMed: Plant oils thymol and eugenol affect cattle and swine waste emissions differently.
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of plant essential oils and their components against Escherichia coli O157:H7 and Salmonella enterica in apple juice.
PubMed: [Oregano: properties, composition and biological activity].
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of naturally occurring compounds against antibiotic-resistant Bacillus cereus vegetative cells and spores, Escherichia coli, and Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Use of carvacrol and cymene to control growth and viability of Listeria monocytogenes cells and predictions of survivors using frequency distribution functions.
PubMed: Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review.
PubMed: Radiosensitization of Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhi in ground beef.
PubMed: Mode of antimicrobial action of vanillin against Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus plantarum and Listeria innocua.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from the gum of Turkish pistachio (Pistacia vera L.).
PubMed: In vitro antioxidant, antimicrobial, and antiviral activities of the essential oil and various extracts from herbal parts and callus cultures of Origanum acutidens.
PubMed: Chemical composition and extraction yield of the extract of Origanum vulgare obtained from sub- and supercritical CO2.
PubMed: Inhibition of Bacillus subtilis and Listeria innocua by nisin in combination with some naturally occurring organic compounds.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and various extracts of Thymus eigii M. Zohary et P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Investigation of the Origanum onites L. essential oil using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay.
PubMed: Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed: Essential oils from Mediterranean lamiaceae as weed germination inhibitors.
PubMed: Essential oils as components of a diet-based approach to management of Helicobacter infection.
PubMed: Isolation of volatile oil from thyme (Thymbra spicata) by steam distillation.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed: In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of herbal parts and callus cultures of Satureja hortensis L.
PubMed: Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Antifungal activities of selected aromatic plants growing wild in Greece.
PubMed: Carvacrol and cinnamic acid inhibit microbial growth in fresh-cut melon and kiwifruit at 4 degrees and 8 degrees C.
PubMed: Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus.
PubMed: Bactericidal activities of plant essential oils and some of their isolated constituents against Campylobacter jejuni, Escherichia coli, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica.
PubMed: Aspergillus flavus dose-response curves to selected natural and synthetic antimicrobials.
PubMed: The phenolic hydroxyl group of carvacrol is essential for action against the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus.
PubMed: Antifungal activities of origanum oil against Candida albicans.
PubMed: Efficacy of chitosan, carvacrol, and a hydrogen peroxide-based biocide against foodborne microorganisms in suspension and adhered to stainless steel.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of two Origanum species.
PubMed: A study of the minimum inhibitory concentration and mode of action of oregano essential oil, thymol and carvacrol.
PubMed: Combined effect of nisin and carvacrol at different pH and temperature levels on the viability of different strains of Bacillus cereus.
PubMed: Modelling the effects of (green) antifungals, droplet size distribution and temperature on mould outgrowth in water-in-oil emulsions.
PubMed: Fungitoxic activity of 12 essential oils against four postharvest citrus pathogens: chemical analysis of thymus capitatus oil and its effect in subatmospheric pressure conditions.
PubMed: Influence of food matrix on inactivation of Bacillus cereus by combinations of nisin, pulsed electric field treatment, and carvacrol.
PubMed: Evaluation of volatile chemical treatments for lethality to Salmonella on alfalfa seeds and sprouts.
PubMed: The combined action of carvacrol and high hydrostatic pressure on Listeria monocytogenes Scott A.
PubMed: Influence of carvacrol on growth and toxin production by Bacillus cereus.
PubMed: The effect of air-drying on glycosidically bound volatiles from seasonally collected origano (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) from Croatia.
PubMed: Floral Origin Markers of Chestnut and Lime Tree Honeys.
PubMed: Adaptation of the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus to carvacrol.
PubMed: Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins by phenolic substances in different essential oils varieties.
PubMed: Combined action of S-carvone and mild heat treatment on Listeria monocytogenes Scott A.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: The main citral-geraniol and carvacrol chemotypes of the essential oil of thymus pulegioides L. growing wild in vilnius district (Lithuania).
PubMed: Combined action of nisin and carvacrol on Bacillus cereus and Listeria monocytogenes.
PubMed: Mechanisms of action of carvacrol on the food-borne pathogen Bacillus cereus.
PubMed: Toxicity of selected plant volatiles in microbial and mammalian short-term assays.
PubMed: In-vitro antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Sardinian Thymus essential oils.
PubMed: Applications of High-Temperature Aqueous Media for Synthetic Organic Reactions.
PubMed: Factors that interact with the antibacterial action of thyme essential oil and its active constituents.
PubMed: A method for quantitative analysis of flavor-tainting alkylphenols and aromatic thiols in fish.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of selected Turkish spices and oregano components on some foodborne fungi.
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