EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

coumarin
1-benzopyran-2-one

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:chromen-2-one
CAS Number: 91-64-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-086-7
FDA UNII:A4VZ22K1WT
Nikkaji Web:J3.218B
Beilstein Number:0383644
MDL:MFCD00006850
XlogP3:1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:146.14522000
Formula:C9 H6 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
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Google Patents:Search
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NCBI:Search
FDA Mainterm: COUMARIN--PROHIBITED
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 189 -- SUBSTANCES PROHIBITED FROM USE IN HUMAN FOOD
Subpart C--Substances Generally Prohibited From Direct Addition or Use as Human Food
Sec. 189.130 Coumarin.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystals (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 68.00 to 74.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 297.00 to 301.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 161.00 to 162.00 °C. @ 14.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point:68.00 °C.
Vapor Pressure:0.100000 mm/Hg @ 20.00 °C.
Vapor Density:5.1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point:> 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.390
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 kerosene
 paraffin oil
 water, 1900 mg/L @ 20 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 isopropyl myristate
Stability:
 non-discoloring
Similar Items:note
6-amyl-alpha-pyrone
4,6-dimethyl-alpha-pyrone
(±)-dihydromint lactone
tonka ketone
tonka furanone
gamma-hexalactone
tonkavert
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: tonka
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:364 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
sweet hay tonka hay new mown hay coumarinic
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. sweet hay tonka new mown hay
Luebke, William tgsc, (1982)
Odor sample from: Givaudan Corporation
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Moellhausen
COUMARINE
Odor Description:sweet, stinging, coconut note
Pell Wall Perfumes
Coumarin
Odor Description:Sweet, hay, tonka, new-mown-hay
Arctander describes it as “Sweet, herbaceous-warm, somewhat spicy odor, in extreme dilution more haylike, nut- Iike, tobacco-like… Extensively used in perfumery to support herbaccous odors, Lavender, Lavandin, Rosemary, Citrus oils, Oakmoss, etc., and as a fixative in numerous types of fragrances; Almost a standard ingredient in Fougère types with Amylsalicylate and Lavender-notes, with or without Oakmoss.”
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
A.C.S. International
Coumarine ( ex China )
Operational Capabilities
A.C.S. International
Coumarine
Odor: sweet hay tonka
Aceto
Coumarin
Anhui Haibei
Coumarin
Augustus Oils
Coumarin
Services
Aurochemicals
COUMARIN, Natural
Berjé
Coumarin
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Coumarin >98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Coumarin is an edema modifier, known to stimulate macrophages to degrade extracellular albumin, allowing faster resorption of edematous fluids.
CG Herbals
Coumarian
Charkit Chemical
COUMARIN
Citrus and Allied Essences
Coumarin Crystals
Market Report
Creatingperfume.com
Coumarin
Odor: Coumarin, Balsam hay sweet tonka new mown hay
De Monchy Aromatics
Coumarin
Diffusions Aromatiques
COUMARINE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
COUMARINE
ECSA Chemicals
Coumarin
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
COUMARIN
Eternis Fine Chemicals
Coumarin
Excellentia International
Coumarin
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Coumarin (GC) ≥99%
Fleurchem
coumarin
Foodchem International
Coumarin
George Uhe Company
Coumarin Chinese
Global Essence
Coumarin Natural
Global Essence
Coumarin
Indenta Group
Coumarin
Indukern F&F
COUMARIN NATURAL
Indukern F&F
COUMARIN
Jiangyin Healthway
Coumarin Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
Coumarin, Kosher
Lluch Essence
COUMARIN NATURAL 99%
Lluch Essence
COUMARIN
M&U International
COUMARIN
M&U International
Nat. Coumarin
Mane
Coumarine
Isolate ex Tonka Bean
Odor: Gourmand Herbaceous Balsamic
Moellhausen
COUMARINE
Odor: sweet, stinging, coconut note
OQEMA
Coumarin natural
OQEMA
Coumarin natural
OQEMA
Coumarin
PCW France
Coumarin
Steps to a fragranced product
Pearlchem Corporation
Coumarin
Pell Wall Perfumes
Coumarin
Odor: Sweet, hay, tonka, new-mown-hay
Use: Arctander describes it as “Sweet, herbaceous-warm, somewhat spicy odor, in extreme dilution more haylike, nut- Iike, tobacco-like… Extensively used in perfumery to support herbaccous odors, Lavender, Lavandin, Rosemary, Citrus oils, Oakmoss, etc., and as a fixative in numerous types of fragrances; Almost a standard ingredient in Fougère types with Amylsalicylate and Lavender-notes, with or without Oakmoss.”
Penta International
COUMARIN POWDER 60 MESH, Kosher
Penta International
COUMARIN, Kosher
Penta International
COUMARIN, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Coumarin
Odor: sweet aromatic coconut Sweet herbaceous-warm
Use: Blends-well-with - Herbaceous-notes Hay Oakmoss
Perfumery Laboratory
KUMARIN (COUMARIN)
Odor: Sweet, herbaceous, warm and spicy
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Coumarin
Prinova
Coumarin
Prodasynth
COUMARIN > 99
Reincke & Fichtner
Coumarin
Sarchem Laboratories
For experimental / research use only.
Coumarin
Sigma-Aldrich
Coumarin, ≥98%
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
COUMARIN
Odor: Sweet, Hay, Tonka, New Mown Hay
Stort Chemicals
Coumarin
Sunaux International
Coumarin
Taytonn
Coumarin
The Good Scents Company
coumarin
Odor: sweet hay tonka new mown hay
The John D. Walsh Company
Coumarin
The Lermond Company
coumarin, natural
The Lermond Company
Coumarin, Natural
The Perfumers Apprentice
Coumarin (crystalline powder)
Odor: Sweet, herbaceous warm somewhat spicy, in dilution - hay like
Treatt
Coumarin
Ungerer & Company
Coumarin
Vigon International
Coumarin Natural
Vigon International
Coumarin
Odor: SWEET, HERBACEOUS-WARM, SOMEWHAT SPICY
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3), H301
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H412
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramskull.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H301 - Toxic if swallowed
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
H412 - Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P301 + P310 - IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P321 - Specific treatment (see supplemental first aid instructions on this label).
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 293 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 385, 1974.

oral-mouse LD50 196 mg/kg
Yakugaku Zasshi. Journal of Pharmacy. Vol. 83, Pg. 1124, 1963.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50 220 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ANALGESIA
Arzneimittel-Forschung. Drug Research. Vol. 15, Pg. 897, 1965.

oral-guinea pig LD50 202 mg/kg
LIVER: OTHER CHANGES BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-man TDLo 87 mg/kg/17W-I
LIVER: LIVER FUNCTION TESTS IMPAIRED
Human Toxicology. Vol. 8, Pg. 501, 1989.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 242 mg/kg
Yakugaku Zasshi. Journal of Pharmacy. Vol. 83, Pg. 1124, 1963.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.10 % (1)
Category 2:  0.13 %
Category 3:  0.50 %
Category 4:  1.60 %
Category 5:  0.80 %
Category 6:  2.50 % (1)
Category 7:  0.30 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Recommendation for coumarin flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Coumarin.
View page or View pdf

Coumarin in flavourings and other food ingredients with flavouring properties - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database:Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):91-64-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :323
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WISER:UN 2811
WGK Germany:1
chromen-2-one
Chemidplus:0000091645
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:91-64-5
 
References:
 chromen-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:91-64-5
Pubchem (cid):323
Pubchem (sid):134971583
Flavornet:91-64-5
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C05851
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB01218
FooDB:FDB011938
Export Tariff Code:2932.21.0000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
7-
methyl coumarin replacer
FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
animal carbolactone
FR
civet absolute
FL/FR
costus valerolactone
FR
indole
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
khella oil
FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
6-
methyl coumarin replacer
FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
black
poplar bud oleoresin
FL/FR
styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)
FL/FR
tolu balsam
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
citrus
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil expressed florida
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
coumarinic
coumane
FL/FR
coumarin replacer
FR
deertongue oil
FR
liatris odoratissima leaf extract
FR
coumarin free
liatris odoratissima oil
FR
phthalide
FL/FR
tonka bean oil
FR
tonka bean oleoresin
FR
tonka bean resinoid
FR
tonka bean resinoid replacer
FR
tonka bean tincture
FR
tonka furanone
FL/FR
tonka ketone
FR
tonkavert
FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl nitrile
FR
bursera graveolens wood oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
cananga oil
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
linden flower absolute
FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
ortho-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
alpha-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)
FL/FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower oil CO2 extract
FR
fruity
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
green
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl heptanoate
FL/FR
narcissus flower absolute
FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
picea glauca leaf absolute
FR
thuja occidentalis leaf absolute
FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
hay concrete
FR
new mown hay fragrance
FR
herbal
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
trigonella foenum-graecum seed extract
FL/FR
lactonic
jasminone
FL/FR
melon
watermelon ketone
FR
mossy
flouve oil
FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-5-methyl furan
FL/FR
phenolic
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
levisticum officinale root oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
poplar bud absolute
FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sweet
tonka bean absolute replacer
FR
terpenic
frankincense oil
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
tobacco
deertongue absolute replacer
FR
tonka
deertongue absolute
FR
deertongue concrete
FR
deertongue oleoresin
FR
dihydrocoumarin replacer
FR
(±)-
dihydromint lactone
FL/FR
flouve absolute
FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
melilot absolute
FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
octahydrocoumarin
FL/FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiverol
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
bursera graveolens wood oil
FL/FR
coumane
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
alpha-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
black
poplar bud oleoresin
FL/FR
tonka furanone
FL/FR
animal
animal
civet absolute
FL/FR
indole
FL/FR
anisic
ortho-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
peru balsam oil
FL/FR
styrax resinoid (liquidambar styraciflua)
FL/FR
tolu balsam
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
bready
trigonella foenum-graecum seed extract
FL/FR
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
celery
jasminone
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil expressed florida
FL/FR
coconut
6-
methyl coumarin
FL
octahydrocoumarin
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
mint lactone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
floral
cananga oil
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
grassy
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
diphenyl methane
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl heptanoate
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavender oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lactonic
(±)-
dihydromint lactone
FL/FR
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
naphthyl
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl-5-methyl furan
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
benzylidene acetone
FL
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
cubeb oil
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
levisticum officinale root oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sweet
orris rhizome absolute (iris pallida)
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
vetiverol
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 a suma
FRacacia
 aimant
FRaldehydic
FRallspice
FRalmond
FRamber
FRambrene
 ambrosia
 angel
FRapricot
FRazalea
FRbaby powder
FRbalsam
FRbanana
FRbay rum
FRbayberry
FRbeeswax absolute replacer
 benzoinett
FRblue grass
 blue mist
 bluebell
FRbubble gum
FRcarnation
FRcassia
FRcedar
 chanel #5
FRcherry
FRcherry blossom
 chocolate cocoa
FRchristmas
FRchypre
FRclover
FRcoconut
FRcoconut tropical coconut
FRcologne
FRcoronilla
FRcountry meadow
FRcrabapple blossom
FRdeertongue absolute replacer
FRelder flower
 emeraude
 erica
FRevergreen
FRfern
FRfetes
FRfir needle oil replacer
 fixer
FRfloral
FRfrangipani plumeria
FRfresh outdoors
FRgardenia
FRgingerbread
FRhawthorn
FRhay new mown hay
FRheliotrope
FRherbal
FRhoneysuckle
FL/FRimmortelle
FRjasmin
 je reviens
 jicky
FRjuniper berry
FRlavender
FRleather russian leather
FRlemon
FRlime
FRmaja
FRmelon
FRmimosa
FRmint
FRmusk
 my sin
 nemesia
FLnut
FRophira
FRopoponax
FRorange blossom
FRorchid
FRoriental
 origan
FRpapaya
FRpassion blossom
FL/FRpennyroyal
FRpina colada
FRpine forest
FRpoppy red poppy
FRpowder
 presence
FRpumpkin pie
FRrain
FRsandalwood
FRsassafras
 scandal
 shalimar
 softener
FRsweet grass
FRsweet pea
 tabu
 tide
FRtobacco
FRtonka bean
FRtuberose
FL/FRvalerian
FRvanilla
FRviolet
 vol de nuit
FRwallflower
 windsor soap
FRwisteria
FRwoodruff
FRwoody
FRylang ylang
 zibeline
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 anise seed
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 apple custard apple plant
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 barley plant
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 bergamot oil @ trace%
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 bilberry fruit - 0.0005 mg/kg
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 cacao bean
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 caper plant
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 carrot root
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 cassia bark
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 cassia leaf oil - up to 83,300 mg /kg
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 celery seed
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 champaca concrete @ 0.01%
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 cherry sour cherry plant
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 chicory plant
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 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 0.20%
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 cinnamon bark oil - 7000 mg/kg
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) india @ 0.41%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon leaf oil - 40,600 mg/kg
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 cinnamon twig oil @ 0.32%
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 clover yellow sweet clover
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 cocoa bean
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 date palm leaf
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 dill seed
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 fenugreek plant
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 fenugreek seed
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 fig leaf
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 grape fruit
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 honey buckwheat honey
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 lavandin absolute grosso @ 7.70%
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 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 0.08%
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 lavender oil - 20 mg/kg
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 lavender spike water @ 0.06%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.19%
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 lemon plant
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 lovage root
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 mugwort plant
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 peppermint leaf
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 peppermint oil - 20 mg/kg
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 purslane plant
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 tarragon plant
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 tea green tea - 1.2 – 1.7 mg/kg
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 thyme oil
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 tonka bean
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 wormwood wild wormwood plant
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Synonyms:
 benzo-alpha-pyrone
2H-benzo(b)pyran-2-one
2H-benzo[b]pyran-2-one
2-oxo-1,2-benzopyran
2-oxo-2H-1-benzopyran
o-oxo-1,2-benzopyran
ortho-oxo-1,2-benzopyran
1-benzopyran-2-one
2H-benzopyran-2-one
2H-1-benzopyran-2-one
2H-1-benzopyran, 2-oxo-
1,2-benzopyrone
 chromen-2-one
2H-chromen-2-one
 chromenone
cis-o-coumaric acid anhydride
 coumarin (ex tonka beans)
 coumarin crystals
 coumarin natural
 coumarin powder 60 mesh
 coumarin, chinese
 coumarin, japan
 coumarine
 coumarine ( ex china )
 coumarine rhodiantal
(Z)-o-coumarinic acid lactone
(Z)-ortho-coumarinic acid lactone
 coumarinic anhydride
 coumarinic lactone
 cumarin
o-hydroxycinnamic acid delta-lactone
ortho-hydroxycinnamic acid delta-lactone
o-hydroxycinnamic acid lactone
ortho-hydroxycinnamic acid lactone
o-hydroxycinnamic lactone
ortho-hydroxycinnamic lactone
3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-2-propenoic d-lactone
3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-delta-lactone
2-propenoic acid, 3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-, d-lactone
2-propenoic acid, 3-(2-hydroxyphenyl)-d-lactone
 tonka bean camphor
 

Articles:

PubMed:Effect of flavors on the viscosity and gelling point of aqueous poloxamer solution.
PubMed:Quantification of flavor-related compounds in the unburned contents of bidi and clove cigarettes.
PubMed:Biocatalytic production of dihydrocoumarin from coumarin by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Determination of volatile flavor components in danggui cultivars by solvent free injection and hydrodistillation followed by gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis.
PubMed:Concentrations of nine alkenylbenzenes, coumarin, piperonal and pulegone in Indian bidi cigarette tobacco.
PubMed:Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey.
PubMed:Constituents of the essential oil of the Cinnamomum cassia stem bark and the biological properties.
PubMed:Solid phase microextraction of alkenylbenzenes and other flavor-related compounds from tobacco for analysis by selected ion monitoring gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Coumarin (CAS No. 91-64-5) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed:Reactions in selected patients to 22 fragrance materials.
PubMed:Full evaporation dynamic headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for uniform enrichment of odor compounds in aqueous samples.
PubMed:Volatiles of French ferns and "fougère" scent in perfumery.
PubMed:Volatile components of whole and different plant parts of bastard balm (Melittis melissophyllum L., Lamiaceae) collected in Central Italy and Slovakia.
PubMed:Predication of Japanese green tea (Sen-cha) ranking by volatile profiling using gas chromatography mass spectrometry and multivariate analysis.
PubMed:Characterization and potential uses of Copaifera langsdorfii seeds and seed oil.
PubMed:Roles of the mushroom bodies in olfactory learning and photoperiodism in the blow fly Protophormia terraenovae.
PubMed:Metabolism and biochemical effects of nicotine for primary care providers.
 
Notes:
tobacco note - coumarin and myrrh resinoid. effective in reducing edema following crush & thermal injury; coumarin itself occurs in the tonka bean (dipteryx). Occurs in sweet clover. Banned by FDA for use in food Coumarin is a fragrant chemical compound in the benzopyrone chemical class, found in many plants, notably in high concentration in the tonka bean (Dipteryx odorata), vanilla grass (Anthoxanthum odoratum), sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum), mullein (Verbascum spp.), sweet grass (Hierochloe odorata), cassia cinnamon (Cinnamomum aromaticum) and sweet clover (Fabaceae spp.). It has a sweet odor, readily recognised as the scent of newly-mown hay, and has been used in perfumes since 1882. Sweet woodruff, sweet grass and sweet clover in particular are named for their sweet smell, which is due to their high content of this substance. When it occurs in high concentrations in forage plants, coumarin is a somewhat bitter-tasting appetite suppressant, and is presumed to be produced by plants as a defense chemical to discourage predation. Although coumarin itself has no anticoagulant properties, it is transformed into the natural anticoagulant dicoumarol by a number of species of fungi. Coumarin is used in the pharmaceutical industry as a precursor molecule in the synthesis of a number of synthetic anticoagulant pharmaceuticals similar to dicoumarol, the notable ones being warfarin (tradenamed "Coumadin," not to be confused with coumarin) and some even more potent rodenticides that work by the same anticoagulant mechanism. [Wikipedia]
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