origanum majorana herb oil turkey
essential oil obtained from the herbs of the sweet marjoram, origanum majorana l., labiatae turkey
 
Notes:
The plant is probably originated in the eastern Mediterranean countries and is now cultivated in central and southern Europe as well as in North Africa. The plant grown in the United States is used as a culinary herb and not for the production of essential oil. Sweet marjoram oil is a pale yellow or pale amber liquid of a warmspicy, aromatic camphoraceous and woody odor, reminiscent of nutmeg and cardamom.
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Name: origanum majorana l. herb oil
CAS Number: 84082-58-6 
ECHA EC Number: 282-004-4
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number: 2663  sweet marjoram oil turkey
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.89000 to 0.90600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.406 to  7.539
Refractive Index: 1.47000 to 1.47500 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 266.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 116.00 °F. TCC ( 46.67 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium
 spicy  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
spicy marjoram
 marjoram  
Taste Description:
marjoram
Substantivity: 12 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
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Suppliers:
Earthoil
Marjoram Spanish Oil Organic
Naturex
Sweet Marjoram Oil
NAT arom®, in Ez-Caps™, AquaReady™ or Classic forms
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  2240 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 469, 1976.

oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 467, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 467, 1976.

skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 469, 1976.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for origanum majorana herb oil turkey usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -15.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -4.20000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -8.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.00000
fruit ices: -1.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -4.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
Daily Med: search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 84082-58-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 2
 origanum majorana l. herb oil
Chemidplus: 0084082586
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References:
 origanum majorana l. herb oil
Pubchem (sid): 135305756
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
 Typical G.C.
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 calamenene 
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
aldehydic
 agrumen nitrileFR
animal
isobutyl quinolineFR
balsamic
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
citrus
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
earthy
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanolFR
 neryl formateFL/FR
isophytolFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
green
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)FR
1-heptanolFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 privet dioxaneFR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 coriander seed absoluteFL/FR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 herbal acetalFR
 herbal heptaneFR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
 melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oilFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
T-muurololFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 reseda absoluteFR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
 wormwood oil americaFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
mossy
 treemoss absoluteFR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
spicy
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
 eugenolFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
sulfurous
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
woody
 patchouli absoluteFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 calamenene 
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl anisoleFL
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 guaiyl acetateFL/FR
 melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oilFL/FR
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
T-muurololFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoateFL
berry
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
citrus
 mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)FL/FR
cooling
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
creamy
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower oilFL/FR
fruity
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
green
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
herbal
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 coriander seed absoluteFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
 wormwood oil americaFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
musty
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
oily
isophytolFL/FR
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 nutmeg oilFL/FR
sulfurous
 grapefruit menthaneFL/FR
terpenic
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
woody
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 marjorum sweet marjorum
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 essential oil obtained from the herbs of the sweet marjoram, origanum majorana l., labiatae turkey
sweet marjoram oil turkey
 marjoram spanish oil organic
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Articles:
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activities and chemical characterization of essential oils of Thymusvulgaris, Rosmarinusofficinalis, and Origanummajorana from northeastern México.
PubMed: Effect of the ultrasound-assisted preliminary maceration on the efficiency of the essential oil distillation from selected herbal raw materials.
PubMed: In Vitro Susceptibility of Brazilian Pythium insidiosum Isolates to Essential Oils of Some Lamiaceae Family Species.
PubMed: Oxidative damage and nephrotoxicity induced by prallethrin in rat and the protective effect of Origanum majorana essential oil.
PubMed: Clinical and mycological evaluation of an herbal antifungal formulation in canine Malassezia dermatitis.
PubMed: Amelioration of prallethrin-induced oxidative stress and hepatotoxicity in rat by the administration of Origanum majorana essential oil.
PubMed: Antimutagenic effect of Origanum majorana L. essential oil against prallethrin-induced genotoxic damage in rat bone marrow cells.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: In vitro antibacterial effects of five volatile oil extracts against intramacrophage Brucella abortus 544.
PubMed: Chemical diversity of wild growing Origanum majorana in Cyprus.
PubMed: Modification of fatty acid, essential oil and phenolic contents of salt-treated sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana L.) according to developmental stage.
PubMed: Culture conditions and salt effects on essential oil composition of sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana) from Tunisia.
PubMed: Pain relief assessment by aromatic essential oil massage on outpatients with primary dysmenorrhea: a randomized, double-blind clinical trial.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of various essential oils and individual components against extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) produced by Klebsiella pneumoniae and their chemical compositions.
PubMed: Chemical composition and fumigant toxicity of some essential oils against Ephestia kuehniella.
PubMed: Salt effects on Origanum majorana fatty acid and essential oil composition.
PubMed: Free radical scavenging and antiacetylcholinesterase activities of Origanum majorana L. essential oil.
PubMed: A novel wound healing ointment: a formulation of Hypericum perforatum oil and sage and oregano essential oils based on traditional Turkish knowledge.
PubMed: Matrix solid-phase dispersion (MSPD) in chromatographic analysis of essential oils in herbs.
PubMed: [Antioxidant properties of essential oils].
PubMed: Seasonal variation in the essential oil composition of Origanum majorana L. cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed: Protective Effect of Origanum majorana L. 'Marjoram' on various models of gastric mucosal injury in rats.
PubMed: Ovicidal and adulticidal activities of Origanum majorana essential oil constituents against insecticide-susceptible and pyrethroid/malathion-resistant Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae).
PubMed: RAPD-based method for the quality control of Mediterranean oregano and its contribution to pharmacognostic techniques.
PubMed: Identification and characterization of simple sequence repeat markers from a glandular Origanum vulgare expressed sequence tag.
PubMed: Application of Origanum majorana L. essential oil as an antimicrobial agent in sausage.
PubMed: Effects of marjoram volatile oil and grape seed extract on ethanol toxicity in male rats.
PubMed: Comparison of different extraction methods for the determination of essential oils and related compounds from aromatic plants and optimization of solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of some essential oils against microorganisms deteriorating fruit juices.
PubMed: Antimicrobial effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of a Pseudomonas putida strain isolated from meat.
PubMed: Vapor phase toxicity of marjoram oil compounds and their related monoterpenoids to Blattella germanica (Orthoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed: Protective effect of volatile oil, alcoholic and aqueous extracts of Origanum majorana on lead acetate toxicity in mice.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of five essential oils against origin strains of the Enterobacteriaceae family.
PubMed: GC-MS analysis of essential oils from some Greek aromatic plants and their fungitoxicity on Penicillium digitatum.
PubMed: Monoterpenes in the essential oil of Origanum majorana.
PubMed: Effects of some growth hormones on plant vigour and volatile oil of Origanum majorana L.
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