EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

D-(+)-alpha-pinene
D-alpha-pinene

Supplier Sponsors

Name:(1R,5R)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
CAS Number: 7785-70-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:232-087-8
FDA UNII:H6CM4TWH1W
Nikkaji Web:J95.399G
Beilstein Number:2038653
MDL:MFCD00001346
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2902 D-alpha-pinene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.85900 to 0.86200 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.156 to 7.181
Refractive Index:1.46500 to 1.46700 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:+42.0 to +46.0
Melting Point: -63.20 to -62.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 155.00 to 156.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:3.489000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 90.00 °F. TCC ( 32.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.440
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.071 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
terpenic aromatic minty
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. harsh terpene aromatic minty
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(+)--Pinene 95%
Excellentia International
alpha-Pinene, d- Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-alpha-Pinene (GC) ≥98% (sum of enantiomers)
Lluch Essence
alpha-PINENE NATURAL 95% dextro
Parchem
(+)-alpha-Pinene
Reincke & Fichtner
D-(+)-alpha-Pinene natural
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-a-Pinene
Sigma-Aldrich
(1R)-(+)-a-Pinene, 97%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(1R)-(+)-a-Pinene >97.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for D-(+)-alpha-pinene usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -160.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 16.0000054.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 2.60000150.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -64.00000
fruit ices: -64.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -48.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):7785-70-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :82227
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2368
WGK Germany:1
(1R,5R)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
Chemidplus:0007785708
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 (1R,5R)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:7785-70-8
Pubchem (cid):82227
Pubchem (sid):135038788
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06306
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB06525
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
balsamic
balsam fir needle oil america
FL/FR
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
mastic resinoid
FR
(Z)-
pinane
FR
citrus
crithmum maritimum oil
FR
dipentene
FL/FR
lime pyran
FR
floral
cyclohexyl propanol
FR
earthy indane
FR
floral methanol
FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
green
elemi absolute
FL/FR
herbal
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
spicy
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
mace oleoresin
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
tea tree oil
FR
zvoulimba leaf oil
FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
para-
cymene
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
hinoki oil replacer
FR
juniper berry oil replacer
FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
pinus nigra twig leaf oil
FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
woody
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
balsam fir needle oil america
FL/FR
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
amber
angelica seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
mastic oil
FL/FR
cooling
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
floral
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
green
angelica root oil
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
herbal
hyssop oil
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
spicy
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
mace oleoresin
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
nutmeg oleoresin
FL/FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
woody
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRagate
FRagrumen aldehyde
FL/FRajowan
 alpine bouquet
FRambreine
FRamyris
FL/FRangelica
FRarnica flower
 ash mountain ash
 ash mountain ash berry
FRazalea
FRbaby powder
FRbalsam
FRbasil oil replacer
FRbayberry
FRbayberry
FRbeeswax absolute replacer
FL/FRbenzoin absolute replacer
FRblue grass
FL/FRcajeput
FRcalamus oil replacer
FL/FRcamphor tree bark
FLcapsicum
FL/FRcaraway seed
FRcardamom oil replacer
FLcarrot
FL/FRcarrot seed
FRcelery
FRchamomile
FLchervil
FRchrysanthemum
FL/FRcilantro
FL/FRcistus
FRclary sage oil replacer
FL/FRcopaiba balsam
FL/FRcoriander
FRcoronilla
FRcountry meadow
FRcranberry
FL/FRcubeb
FL/FRcurrant bud absolute replacer
FRcypress oil replacer
FRdavana oil replacer
FRdeertongue absolute replacer
FL/FRdill weed
FRelder flower
FRelemi
FReucalyptus oil replacer
FRevergreen
FRfennel
FRfig
 fir
FRfir balsam
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRflouve
FRforest
FRgalbanum
FRgenet
FLgin
FRginger white ginger
FRgingergrass
FRhabuba
FRheather
FRherbal
FRhollyberry
FRhop
 hugonia
FL/FRhyssop
FRincense
FRivy
FRjuniper berry
FRlabdanum
FRlavandin
FRlavender
FL/FRlavender flower
FL/FRlavender spike lavender
 liverwort
FL/FRlovage root
FL/FRmarigold
FL/FRmarjoram
FRmastic oil replacer
FRmelissa oil replacer
FRmyrrh
FRmyrtle oil replacer
FRniaouli
FRopoponax
FRoregano
FL/FRparsley leaf
 parsnip
FRpatchouli
FRperu balsam
FRpine
FRpine forest
FL/FRpine needle
FL/FRpine scotch pine
FRpinion
FRreseda
FRrosemary
FL/FRrue
FRsaffron
FL/FRsavin
FRspruce
FRstyrax
FRsweet grass
FL/FRtansy oil replacer
FLtea
FLtea black tea
 tea china
FRtea green tea
FLtea herbal tea
FLtea lemon tea
FRthyme oil white replacer
FRtolu balsam
FL/FRvalerian
FRvetiver
FRwitch hazel
FRwoodruff
FRwormwood oil replacer
FL/FRyerba mate
FRyew
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 almond
Search Trop Picture
 fennel plant
Search Trop Picture
 ginger
Search Trop Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 pinus taeda
Search Trop Picture
 tea tree oil @ 1.68%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(+)-pin-2(3)-ene
(1R,5R)-(+)-pinene
(1R,5R)-(+)-alpha-pinene
(1R,5R)-2-pinene
(1R)-(+)-a-pinene
(1R)-(+)-alpha-pinene
D-(+)-alpha-pinene
D-alpha-pinene
dextro-alpha-pinene
alpha-pinene dextro-
(1R,5R)-2,6,6-trimethyl bicyclo(3.1.1)hept-2-ene
(1R,5R)-4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
 
 
Notes:
alpha-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). Both enantiomers are known in nature; 1S,5S- or (-)-alpha-pinene is more common in European pines, whereas the 1R,5R- or (+)-alpha-isomer is more common in North America. The racemic mixture is present in some oils such as eucalyptus oil. (Wikipedia)
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