scotch pine needle oil estonia
pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
Notes:
The Forest Pine or Norway Pine or Scotch Pine, the Pinus Sylvestris is widely grown all over Europe. This tree also grows in the Baltic states, in the U.S.S.R., central Europe, southern Europe, etc. Distillation is carried out in Austria U.S.S.R., Sweden, in Denmark and in Yugoslavia. The true oil is practically colorless, mobile and with a strong, turpentine type, balsamic pine odor. Its fresh topnote and the peculiar sweetness in this topnote are the main features of the oil. Apart from that, the oil of Pinus Sylvestris does not offer any outstanding or unusual effect in perfumery. Its use is confined to room fresheners, disinfectants, insecticides, soaps and detergents and vaporizer liquids. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. pinus sylvestris, pinaceae.
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Name: pinus sylvestris l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8023-99-2
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Wisconsin Invasive Non-native plant species
 
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FEMA Number: 2906  pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
FDA Mainterm: PINE, SCOTCH, OIL (PINUS SYLVESTRIS L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.85700 to 0.88500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.131 to  7.364
Refractive Index: 1.47300 to 1.47850 @  20.00 °C.
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: earthy
Odor Strength: medium
 earthy  dry  weedy  green  pine  woody  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
earthy dry weedy green pine woody
Substantivity: 16 Hour(s)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
 None found
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Wisconsin Invasive Non-native plant species
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 10 mmoles / L of peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Essential oils (e.g. turpentine oil) and isolates (e.g. delta-3-carene) derived from the Pinacea family, including Pinus and Abies genera, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practicable level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 10 millimoles peroxide per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
geraniol Max. Found: trace to <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellol Max. Found: trace to <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for scotch pine needle oil estonia usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -2.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -6.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -3.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8023-99-2
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WGK Germany: 2
 pinus sylvestris l. leaf oil
Chemidplus: 0008023992
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References:
 pinus sylvestris l. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8023-99-2
Pubchem (sid): 135349483
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
 Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
aldehydic
 green hexanalFL/FR
amber
 ambroxideFL/FR
balsamic
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
 hemlock western oil (tsuga heterophylla) canadaFR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
 gurjun balsamFR
camphoreous
 hinoki leaf oilFR
citrus
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 grapefruit oil terpenelessFL/FR
 neroli ketoneFR
earthy
2-octanoneFL/FR
fatty
5-methyl-5-hexen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
 tuberose acetateFR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
 cassie absoluteFL/FR
 cassie concreteFR
 gardenia oxideFR
fruity
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
 apple ketalFL/FR
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
green
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
2-propenyl-para-cymeneFR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 bergoxaneFR
 pineapple heptadienone 10%FR
isopropyl quinolineFR
3,5,5-trimethyl hexanolFL/FR
 bicyclogermacrene 
 fresh nitrileFR
 geranic acidFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
isogreen methanoindeneFR
1-heptanolFL/FR
 methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)FR
 leafy oximeFR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl salicylateFR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
herbal
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
 tricyclo(5.2.1.02,6)dec-3-enyl acetateFR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 herbal ketoneFR
 myrtenolFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 nonisyl formateFR
 bornyl salicylateFR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
minty
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
orris
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
spicy
2-octanolFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
woody
beta-cadinene 
 cedarwood oil port orfordFR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 nopyl aldehydeFR
beta-caryophyllene alcohol acetateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
beta-eudesmol 
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
5-methyl-5-hexen-2-oneFL/FR
 green hexanalFL/FR
beta-cadinene 
 apple ketalFL/FR
 bicyclogermacrene 
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 butyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 ambroxideFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
beta-caryophyllene alcohol acetateFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
beta-eudesmol 
alpha-thujene 
balsamic
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
cheesy
2-nonanoneFL/FR
citrus
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
 grapefruit oil terpenelessFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
dairy
2-octanoneFL/FR
floral
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 cherry pentenoateFL/FR
 ethyl levulinateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil chinaFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
 ethyl (E)-2-octenoateFL
green
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
3,5,5-trimethyl hexanolFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 geranic acidFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
alpha-benzylidene methionalFL
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 allyl butyrateFL/FR
herbal
 pinocarveolFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
minty
 myrtenolFL/FR
nutty
 peanut oxazoleFL
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
 cassie absoluteFL/FR
white pepper oleoresinFL
woody
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
 earth humusFR
 greenFR
 herbalFR
 pine needle scotchFL/FR
 woodyFR
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 pinus sylvestris leaf
GRIN Trop Picture
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Synonyms:
 pinus fominii leaf oil estonia
 pinus krylovii leaf oil estonia
 pinus sylvestris leaf oil estonia
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Articles:
PubMed: Antibacterial activity against Clostridium genus and antiradical activity of the essential oils from different origin.
PubMed: Larvicidal efficacies and chemical composition of essential oils of Pinus sylvestris and Syzygium aromaticum against mosquitoes.
PubMed: Relevance of the Sea Sand Disruption Method (SSDM) for the biometrical differentiation of the essential-oil composition from conifers.
PubMed: Sea sand disruption method (SSDM) as a valuable tool for isolating essential oil components from conifers.
PubMed: Growth, aboveground biomass, and nutrient concentration of young Scots pine and lodgepole pine in oil shale post-mining landscapes in Estonia.
PubMed: Biodegradable gelatin-chitosan films incorporated with essential oils as antimicrobial agents for fish preservation.
PubMed: A comparison of the growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) in a reclaimed oil shale post-mining area and in a Calluna site in Estonia.
PubMed: The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed: Drug targeting of airway surface liquid: a pharmacological MRI approach.
PubMed: Changes in the essential oil composition in the needles of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) under anthropogenic stress.
PubMed: The radial increment and stemwood element concentrations of Scots pine in the area influenced by the Narva power plants in Northeast Estonia.
PubMed: Fungicidal value of wood tar from pyrolysis of treated wood.
PubMed: Phenology, natural enemies, and efficacy of horticultural oil for control of Chionaspis heterophyllae (Homoptera: Diaspididae) on Christmas tree plantations.
PubMed: Long-term evaluation of the needle surface wax condition of Pinus sylvestris around different industries in Lithuania.
PubMed: Fungicidal properties of Pinus sylvestris L. for improvement of air quality.
PubMed: Pyrene degradation in forest humus microcosms with or without pine and its mycorrhizal fungus.
PubMed: Impact of emission from oil shale fueled power plants on the growth and foliar elemental concentrations of Scots pine in Estonia.
PubMed: Toxic effects of six plant oils alone and in combination with controlled atmosphere on Liposcelis bostrychophila (Psocoptera: Liposcelididae).
PubMed: Genotoxicity of dill (Anethum graveolens L.), peppermint (Menthaxpiperita L.) and pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) essential oils in human lymphocytes and Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed: Effects of Pinus sylvestris root growth and mycorrhizosphere development on bacterial carbon source utilization and hydrocarbon oxidation in forest and petroleum-contaminated soils.
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Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.886 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
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