EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

delta-3-carene
d-3-carene

Supplier Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
CAS Number: 13466-78-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:116783-27-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:236-719-3
FDA UNII:H2M15SNR6N
Nikkaji Web:J8.118C
Beilstein Number:1902766
MDL:MFCD00001315
CoE Number:10983
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
EFSA conclusion: additional data required. MSDI based on USA production figure (EFSA, 2009j). Racemate. According to JECFA: Min. Assay value is "92 %" and secondary components "beta-pinene, limonene, myrcene, p-cymene". Composition of mixture to be specified. Racemate. At least 92%; secondary components 2-3 % beta-pinene; 1-2 % limonene; 1-2 % myrcene; 0-1 % pcymene.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1342 d-3-carene
FLAVIS Number:01.029 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.029 delta-3-carene
FEMA Number:3821 d-3-carene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):13466-78-9 ; 3-CARENE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 92.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.86000 to 0.86800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.156 to 7.223
Refractive Index:1.47200 to 1.47300 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:+7.00 to +15.00
Melting Point: 23.00 to 24.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 169.00 to 174.00 °C. @ 705.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 170.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:3.720000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 115.00 °F. TCC ( 46.11 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.380
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store under nitrogen.
Storage:refrigerate in tightly sealed containers. store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 organic solvents
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 alkali
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
sweet citrus terpenic fir needle
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet citrus terpenic fir needle
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Moellhausen
DELTA-3-CARENE Natural
Odor Description:harsh, terpene-like, coniferous
Indukern F&F
DELTA-3-CARENE NATURAL
Odor Description:POWERFUL, TERPENIC, CONIFEROUS
Pell Wall Perfumes
delta-Carene
Odor Description:Sweet, diffusive
According to Arctander this material has a “Sweet, diffusive, penetrating odor, somewhat reminiscent of a refined Limonene.”
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Delta 3 Carene
Services
Berjé
delta 3-Carene
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene
DRT Terpenes
delta-3-CARENE 90 PF
≥ 93%
Ernesto Ventós
3-CARENE DELTA NATURAL
Odor: SWEET, DIFFUSIVE, TERPENIC
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene (GC) ≥90% (sum of enantiomers)
Foreverest Resources
delta-3-Carene 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: delta-3-Carene, is a bicyclic monoterpene which occurs naturally as a constituent of turpentine, with a content as high as 42% depending on the source. Carene has a sweet and pungent odor with woody character. It is not soluble in water, but miscible with fats and oils.
Indukern F&F
DELTA-3-CARENE NATURAL
Odor: POWERFUL, TERPENIC, CONIFEROUS
Lluch Essence
delta-3-CARENE
Mentha & Allied Products
delta-3-Carene
90 % Minimum Delta-3-Carene Content
Moellhausen
DELTA-3-CARENE Natural
Odor: harsh, terpene-like, coniferous
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
3-Carene 90%
Pell Wall Perfumes
delta-Carene
Odor: Sweet, diffusive
Use: According to Arctander this material has a “Sweet, diffusive, penetrating odor, somewhat reminiscent of a refined Limonene.”
Penta International
delta-3-CARENE, Kosher
Penta International
delta-3-CARENE, NATURAL, Kosher
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
delta-3-Carene
Reincke & Fichtner
delta-3-Carene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
delta-3-Carene
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
3-Carene
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Carene, ≥90%
Certified Food Grade Products
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-3-Carene >90.0%(GC)
Vigon International
CARENE DELTA-3 NATURAL
Vigon International
Carene-3 Delta
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 [sex: M] 4800 mg/kg
Identity of compound not stated
(Moreno, 1972l)

oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Mixture of isomers. Only one dose tested
(Keating, 1972a)

oral-rat LD50 4800 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1053, 1973.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for delta-3-carene usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 290.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 40.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 18
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000050.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 15.0000050.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 20.0000060.00000
breakfast cereal: 10.0000050.00000
cheese: 1.000005.00000
chewing gum: 60.00000100.00000
condiments / relishes: 10.0000050.00000
confectionery froastings: 20.0000060.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 5.0000030.00000
fish products: 1.000005.00000
frozen dairy: 20.0000050.00000
fruit ices: 20.0000050.00000
gelatins / puddings: 5.0000040.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 5.0000020.00000
hard candy: 40.0000080.00000
imitation dairy: 1.000005.00000
instant coffee / tea: 5.0000020.00000
jams / jellies: 5.0000040.00000
meat products: 1.000005.00000
milk products: 20.0000060.00000
nut products: 5.0000020.00000
other grains: 10.0000050.00000
poultry: 1.000005.00000
processed fruits: 5.0000020.00000
processed vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
reconstituted vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
seasonings / flavors: 10.0000050.00000
snack foods: 5.0000030.00000
soft candy: 20.0000060.00000
soups: 5.0000020.00000
sugar substitutes: 1.0000010.00000
sweet sauces: 15.0000050.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):13466-78-9
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :26049
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WGK Germany:2
3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
Chemidplus:0013466789
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:FH8400000 for cas# 13466-78-9
 
References:
 3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:13466-78-9
Pubchem (cid):26049
Pubchem (sid):134991010
Flavornet:13466-78-9
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09839
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35619
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
balsamic
balsam fir needle oil america
FL/FR
juniper berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
citrus
citrus fragrance
FR
dipentene
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lime oil replacer
FR
floral
dihydromyrcene
FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
fruity
kumquat specialty
FR
green
elemi absolute
FL/FR
spicy
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil replacer
FR
ginger specialty
FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
woody
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
balsam fir needle oil america
FL/FR
(-)-
camphene
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
citrus
citrus
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
green
elemi absolute
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
spicy
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
woody
juniper berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 abies holophylla
PbMd Search Trop Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica root oil @ 16.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.58%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.001-0.009%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot plant wild
Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.104%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.065%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.147%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 2.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 2.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassis bud oil @ 0.17-45.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.01-0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 2.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 costmary oil @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ <0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ <0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ <0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 19.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress oil @ 19.35-21.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ferula cupularis flower oil @ 5.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ferula cupularis stem oil @ 8.38%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir needle oil canada @ 0.00-27.27%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 12.23%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.10-0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 juniper branch oil @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ <0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil greece @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace oil @ 2.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace oil east india @ 0.67%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.17-0.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.07-0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.07-0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mastic oil @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.67%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 6.57%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 8.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.70-2.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg oil india @ 0.89%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.039%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.060%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.155%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.204%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.407%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 origanum oil greece @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pepper oil black india @ 2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 6.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 petitgrain oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 1.66%
Data GC Search Picture
 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 36.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pimento berry oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pine needle oil dwarf @ 11.77%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 3.4-11.6%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 23.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 1.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 1.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 1.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ravintsara leaf oil @ 3.52%%
Data GC Search Picture
 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 0.19-1.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.15-0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil spain @ 0.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sage oil england @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sage oil reunion @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 savin oil @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 030%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 3.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme oil red spain @ 0.07-0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.96%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 wormseed oil america @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 wormwood oil poland @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 zingiber officinale root oil china @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(±)-3-carene
(±)-delta3-carene
3-carene
d-3-carene
delta(sup3)-carene
S-3-carene
delta 3-carene 90 PF
delta-3-carene 90 PF
3-carene delta natural
delta-3-carene natural
 carene-3 delta
3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(4.1.0)hept-3-ene
3,7,7-trimethyl bicyclohept-3-ene
3,7,7-trimethyl-3-norcarene
3,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene
 

Articles:

PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oils from the leaves and stem barks of Vietnamese species of Polyalthia harmandiiPolyalthia jucunda and Polyalthia thorelii.
J-Stage:Distillation Time Modifies Essential Oil Yield, Composition, and Antioxidant Capacity of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill)
PubMed:Chemical analysis and calcium channel blocking activity of the essential oil of Perovskia abrotanoides.
J-Stage:Quantitative Evaluation of (+)-?3-Carene Metabolites from Living Larvae of Spodoptera litura by Headspace Solid-phase Microextraction
PubMed:Growth-Inhibiting and morphostructural effects of constituents identified in Asarum heterotropoides root on human intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Distillation time modifies essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant capacity of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed:Sensitive monitoring of monoterpene metabolites in human urine using two-step derivatisation and positive chemical ionisation-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed:Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of crude extracts and essential oils of Syzygium cumini leaves.
PubMed:Needle removal by pine sawfly larvae increases branch-level VOC emissions and reduces below-ground emissions of Scots pine.
PubMed:Chemical analysis and biological activities of Cupressus sempervirens var. horizontalis essential oils.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) growing in different agro-climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antimicrobial and anti-acetylcholinesterase properties of the flower oil of Ferula lutea.
PubMed:Exposure to Anacardiaceae volatile oils and their constituents induces lipid peroxidation within food-borne bacteria cells.
PubMed:A tale of two carenes: intrinsic optical activity and large-amplitude nuclear displacement.
PubMed:Plant secondary chemistry mediates the performance of a nutritional symbiont associated with a tree-killing herbivore.
PubMed:Intraspecific chemical variability of essential oil from leaves of Cupressus atlantica Gaussen, an endemic and endangered coniferous species in Morocco.
PubMed:Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed:Quantitative evaluation of (+)-Δ(3)-carene metabolites from living larvae of Spodoptera litura by headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Predictors of monoterpene exposure in the Danish furniture industry.
PubMed:In vitro efficacy of the essential oil of Piper cubeba L. (Piperaceae) against Schistosoma mansoni.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea L. berries.
PubMed:Citrus essential oil of Nigeria. Part V: Volatile constituents of sweet orange leaf oil (Citrus sinensis).
PubMed:Insecticidal activity of the essential oil from fruits and seeds of Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi against African malaria vectors.
PubMed:Reciprocal interactions between the bark beetle-associated yeast Ogataea pini and host plant phytochemistry.
PubMed:Determination of the chemical composition and in vitro antioxidant activities of essential oil and methanol extracts of Echinophora platyloba DC.
PubMed:Both gas chromatography and an electronic nose reflect chemical polymorphism of juniper shrubs browsed or avoided by sheep.
PubMed:Do multiple herbivores maintain chemical diversity of Scots pine monoterpenes?
PubMed:Mass spectrometric characterization of isomeric terpenoic acids from the oxidation of α-pinene, β-pinene, d-limonene, and Δ3-carene in fine forest aerosol.
PubMed:α-Pinene- and β-myrcene-rich volatile fruit oil of Cupressus arizonica Greene from northwest Iran.
PubMed:Survey of ex situ fruit and leaf volatiles from several Pistacia cultivars grown in California.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile components in Chinese traditional pickled peppers using HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O and multivariate analysis.
PubMed:Interactions between the yeast Ogataea pini and filamentous fungi associated with the western pine beetle.
PubMed:Chemosensory irritations and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to emissions from oriented strand board.
PubMed:Development and validation by accuracy profile of a method for the analysis of monoterpenes in indoor air by active sampling and thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:The essential oil of Brazilian pepper, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi in larval control of Stegomyia aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762).
PubMed:Evolution of the volatile compounds of ripened sausages as a function of both storage time and composition of packaging atmosphere.
PubMed:Real time in situ detection of organic nitrates in atmospheric aerosols.
PubMed:Changes in monoterpene emission rates of Quercus ilex infested by aphids tended by native or invasive Lasius ant species.
PubMed:Inhibition of predator attraction to kairomones by non-host plant volatiles for herbivores: a bypass-trophic signal.
PubMed:Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human lung epithelial A549 cells caused by airborne volatile organic compounds emitted from pine wood and oriented strand boards.
PubMed:The influence of organ, season and drying method on chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Juniperus phoenicea L. essential oils.
PubMed:Regio- and stereoselective oxidation of (+)-Delta(3)-carene by the larvae of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura).
PubMed:Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed:Attraction of Anoplophora glabripennis to male-produced pheromone and plant volatiles.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Monticalia andicola (Asteraceae) collected in Venezuela.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oils and various extracts of Juniperus phoenicea L. (Cupressacees).
PubMed:Essential oil composition of two new species of Phebalium (Rutaceae) from north-eastern NSW, Australia.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Clausena indica (Dalz) Oliv. (Rutaceae) essential oil from Vietnam.
PubMed:The volatile constituents analysis of Lallemantia iberica (M.B.) Fischer & Meyer from Iran.
PubMed:Manuka oil and phoebe oil are attractive baits for Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae), the vector of laurel wilt.
PubMed:Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed:Monoterpene and Phenolic Compound Concentrations in Water-Stressed Red Pine Inoculated with Sphaeropsis sapinea.
PubMed:Influence of OH scavenger on the water effect on secondary organic aerosol formation from ozonolysis of limonene, Delta3-carene, and alpha-pinene.
PubMed:Organosulfate formation in biogenic secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed:Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed:Characterization of steam volatiles in the essential oil of black currant buds and the antioxidant properties of different bud extracts.
PubMed:The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed:Sensitivity of terpene emissions to drought and fertilization in terpene-storing Pinus halepensis and non-storing Quercus ilex.
PubMed:Morphology of antennal sensilla auricillica and their detection of plant volatiles in the Herald moth, Scoliopteryx libatrix L. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed:Physical and chemical responses of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis) clones to colonization by Heterobasidion annosum as potential markers for relative host susceptibility.
PubMed:The role of genetic and chemical variation of Pinus sylvestris seedlings in influencing slug herbivory.
PubMed:Enantiomeric monoterpene emissions from natural and damaged Scots pine in a boreal coniferous forest measured using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Response to host volatiles by native and introduced populations of Dendroctonus valens (Coleoptera: Curculionidae, Scolytinae) in North America and China.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile constituents in leaves of three cypress species by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Antifungal activity of Juniperus essential oils against dermatophyte, Aspergillus and Candida strains.
PubMed:Composition and antibacterial activity of Abies balsamea essential oil.
PubMed:Metabolism of Delta(3)-carene by human cytochrome p450 enzymes: identification and characterization of two new metabolites.
PubMed:Continuous real-time analysis of products from the reaction of some monoterpenes with ozone using atmospheric sampling glow discharge ionization coupled to a quadrupole ion trap mass spectrometer.
PubMed:Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.
PubMed:An experimental comparison of a kinetic model for the reaction of alpha-pinene and Delta(3)-carene with ozone and nitrogen oxides.
PubMed:Dermal exposure to monoterpenes during wood work.
PubMed:Study of the carbonyl products of terpene/OH radical reactions: detection of the 2,4-DNPH derivatives by HPLC-MS.
PubMed:Effect of storage on the essential oil composition of Piper nigrum L. fruits of different ripening states.
PubMed:Antioxidative properties of the essential oil from Pinus mugo.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial properties of Sardinian Juniperus essential oils against foodborne pathogens and spoilage microorganisms.
PubMed:Insecticidal activity and chemical composition of volatile oils from Hyptis martiusii Benth.
PubMed:Respiratory symptoms and occupational exposures in New Zealand plywood mill workers.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oils of Juniperus from ripe and unripe berries and leaves and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of the fruit and leaf oils of Thuja orientalis L. grown in Iran.
PubMed:Exposure assessment to alpha- and beta-pinene, delta(3)-carene and wood dust in industrial production of wood pellets.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of the essential oils from some species of the genus Pinus.
PubMed:Age and space distributions of monoterpenes in fresh needles of Picea abies (L) Karst. Determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Identification of volatile constituents of Tambourissa leptophylla.
PubMed:Intraspecific chemical variability of the leaf essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata from Corsica.
PubMed:Essential oil of Lepechinia schiedeana (Lamiaceae) from Costa Rica.
PubMed:Sensory properties of selected terpenes. Thresholds for odor, nasal pungency, nasal localization, and eye irritation.
PubMed:Differential Inhibition of Sphaeropsis sapinea Morphotypes by a Phenolic Compound and Several Monoterpenes of Red Pine.
PubMed:Genetic determinism of &delta;3-carene in maritime pine using RAPD markers.
PubMed:Transient re-emergence of oil of turpentine allergy in the pottery industry.
PubMed:Semiochemicals from bark beetles: New results, remarks, and reflections.
PubMed:Chiral specificity in responses by the bark beetleDendroctonus valens to host kairomones.
PubMed:Influence of monoterpene vapors on spruce spider mite,Oligonychus ununguis, adult females.
PubMed:Identification of cis- and trans-verbenol in human urine after occupational exposure to terpenes.
PubMed:Pharmacological activity of the essential oil of Bupleurum gibraltaricum: anti-inflammatory activity and effects on isolated rat uteri.
PubMed:Electroantennogram responses by mountain pine beetles,Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, exposed to selected semiochemicals.
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
PubMed:[Hydroboration of (+)delta-3-carene].
PubMed:[NEW PHARMACOLOGICAL PROPERTIES OF DELTA-3-CARENE. ANTIBACTERIAL AND EXPECTORANT EFFECTS].
 
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