EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

(+)-nootkatone
(4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2(3H)-one

Supplier Sponsors

Name:(4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2-one
CAS Number: 4674-50-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:225-124-4
FDA UNII:IZ2Y119N4J
Nikkaji Web:J14.286G
Beilstein Number:4676969
MDL:MFCD00036591
CoE Number:11164
XlogP3-AA:3.90 (est)
Molecular Weight:218.33954000
Formula:C15 H22 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:dihydronootkatone 3.00% to 4.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
At least 93%; secondary component 3-4% dihydronootkatone. (EFSA) (+)-Nootkatone which refers to the (4R,4aS,6R)-isomer (EFFA, 2014). According to JECFA: Min. assay value is ”93 %” and secondary components ”2-3 % dihydronootkatone”.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1398 (+)-nootkatone
FLAVIS Number:07.089 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.089 (+)-nootkatone
FEMA Number:3166 (+)-nootkatone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: NOOTKATONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white crystals (est)
Assay: 93.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.00300 to 1.03200 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.346 to 8.587
Refractive Index:1.51000 to 1.52300 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 32.00 to 37.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 125.00 to 130.00 °C. @ 0.50 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 73.00 to 103.00 °C. @ 0.80 mm Hg
Acid Value: 3.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.000358 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point:> 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.840 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 water, very slightly
 water, 2.375 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:236 hour(s) at 20.00 % in dipropylene glycol
grapefruit peel citrus gardenia woody
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. grapefruit peel citrus gardenia woody
Luebke, William tgsc, (1988)
Odor sample from: Bedoukian Research, Inc.
grapefruit citrus orange sweet peely woody
Odor Description:Grapefruit, citrus, orange, sweet peely with a woody nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 3, 51, (1990)
Flavor Type: citrus
grapefruit citrus orange bitter
Taste Description: at 20.00 ppm. Grapefruit, citrus, orange and bitter
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 3, 51, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE ≥86.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:characteristic grapefruit, citrus
This material is NOT to be used as a fragrance ingredient.
Taste Description:grapefruit
Used extensively in grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE CRYSTALS ≥98.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:bright, characteristically grapefruit
Strongly fresh, green, grapefruit, woody, slightly herbal, fruity. Effective at low levels.
Taste Description:Citrus bitterness associated with grapefruit
Adds bitter notes to grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE 50.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:A characteristic grapefruit odor with a cedar undertone
This material is NOT to be used as a fragrance ingredient.
Taste Description:grapefruit
Used extensively in grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Moellhausen
NOOTKATONE 84%
Odor Description:citrus, grapefruit, slightly woody
Taste Description:citrus, grapefruit, orange, bitter
IFF
Nootkatone 50-60%
Odor Description:Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Min. 90%
Odor Description:Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Crystals
Odor Description:Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Ex Grapefruit
Odor Description:Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Crystals
Odor Description:Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
FCI SAS
eveNOOTKATONE 85 TM
Odor Description:Grapefruit peel, Citrus, Gardenia, Woody
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Ambles Nature et Chimie
NOOTKATONE NAT 93 %
Artiste
Nootkatone 50%, Natural
Astral Extracts
Nootkatone (60%-65%)
Augustus Oils
Nootkatone 50%
Services
Augustus Oils
Nootkatone 80%
Axxence Aromatic
NOOTKATONE 85%, Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE CRYSTALS
≥98.0%, Kosher
Odor: bright, characteristically grapefruit
Use: Strongly fresh, green, grapefruit, woody, slightly herbal, fruity. Effective at low levels.
Flavor: Citrus bitterness associated with grapefruit
Adds bitter notes to grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE
≥86.0%, Kosher
Odor: characteristic grapefruit, citrus
Use: This material is NOT to be used as a fragrance ingredient.
Flavor: grapefruit
Used extensively in grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Bedoukian Research
NOOTKATONE
50.0%, Kosher
Odor: A characteristic grapefruit odor with a cedar undertone
Use: This material is NOT to be used as a fragrance ingredient.
Flavor: grapefruit
Used extensively in grapefruit and other citrus flavors.
Berjé
Nootketone
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Nootkatone (crystals 98+%)
Citrus and Allied Essences
Nootkatone 50% (ex-grapefruit oil) (natural)
Market Report
Citrus and Allied Essences
Nootkatone 65/70% (ex grapefruit oil) (natural)
Citrus and Allied Essences
Nootkatone 65/70%
Citrus and Allied Essences
Nootkatone 98%
Coompo
For experimental / research use only.
Nootkatone from Plants ≥96%
Cvista
Nootkatone, ex citrus (Purity: 50%)
Cvista
Nootkatone, ex grapefruit (Purity 50%)
Ernesto Ventós
NOOTKATONE 60%
Ernesto Ventós
NOOTKATONE NI 85%
Ernesto Ventós
NOOTKATONE NI 98%
Odor: GRAPEFRUIT, WOODY
Evolva
Nootkatone
Flavor: characteristic
Through Allylix’ proprietary technology platform, the company can produce sesquiterpenes at a tenth or less of the cost of naturally extracted materials. Allylix has identified a number of sesquiterpene flavors and fragrances where low cost supply would significantly broaden use in a range of applications, including foods, personal care and household products.
Excellentia International
Nootkatone Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Nootkatone (GC) ≥95%
FCI SAS
eveNOOTKATONE 85 TM
Odor: Grapefruit peel, Citrus, Gardenia, Woody
FCI SAS
eveNOOTKATONE 98 TM
Odor: Grapefruit peel, Citrus, Gardenia, Woody
Fleurchem
nootkatone natural
Florida Chemical
Nootkatone
Florida Worldwide Citrus Products
Nootkatone 50% - ex grapefruit
Frutarom
NOOTKATONE EX VALENCENE 50%
Frutarom
NOOTKATONE EX VALENCENE 60%
Frutarom
NOOTKATONE EX VALENCENE 75%
Frutarom
NOOTKATONE EX VALENCENE 86%
Frutarom
NOOTKATONE EX VALENCENE 98%
IFF
Nootkatone 50-60%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone 60-70%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone 70-80%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone 80-85%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone 85-87%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Crystals
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Min. 90%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Min. 95%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit aroma with a woody top note
IFF
Nootkatone Natural 50-60%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural 60-70%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural 70-80%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural 80-85%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural 85-87%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Crystals
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Ex Grapefruit
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Min. 93%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
IFF
Nootkatone Natural Min. 95%
Odor: Extremely powerful citrus, grapefruit
Indukern F&F
NOOTKATONE 50-60% EX-VALENCENE
Odor: GRAPEFRUIT, WOODY
Indukern F&F
NOOTKATONE 60-70% EX-VALENCENE
Odor: CITRUS, GRAPEFRUIT, WOODY
Indukern F&F
NOOTKATONE 80-85% EX-VALENCENE
Odor: CITRUS, GRAPEFRUIT
Isobionics
Natural Nootkatone
Flavor: citrus, grapefruit-like, slightly woody
Nootkatone is mainly used in flavours for the beverage industry (Grapefruit) and in fragrances Isobionics offers 5 qualities of Nootkatone with a minimal purity of 70%, 80%, 95% and 98%. Nootkatone is certified to be Kosher & Halal and Foodgrade.
Jiangyin Healthway
Nootkanone
New functional food ingredients
Jiangyin Healthway
Nootkatone
Lluch Essence
NOOTKATONE 50-60% NATURAL
Lluch Essence
NOOTKATONE 80-85% NATURAL
Lluch Essence
NOOTKATONE CRYSTAL NATURAL 98%
M&U International
NOOTKATONE 86%
Moellhausen
NOOTKATONE 84%
Odor: citrus, grapefruit, slightly woody
Flavor: citrus, grapefruit, orange, bitter
Penta International
NOOTKATONE 65-70%, Kosher
Penta International
NOOTKATONE 98% CRYSTALS, Kosher
Penta International
NOOTKATONE DISTILLED 50%, Kosher
Penta International
NOOTKATONE EX-CITRUS 50% NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
NOOTKATONE EX-CITRUS 70% NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
NOOTKATONE-55/60%, Kosher
Prodasynth
NOOTKATONE 80%, NATURAL
(> 80%)
Prodasynth
NOOTKATONE PURE, NATURAL
(> 98%)
Odor: GRAPEFRUIT, CITRUS, WOODY
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Nootkatone 65-70% Ex Grapefruit Natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Nootkatone natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Nootkatone
Sigma-Aldrich
Nootkatone, ≥98%, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Synerzine
Nootkatone - 50%
Taytonn
Nootkatone 85 - 87%
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-Nootkatone >97.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 8000 mg/kg

oral-mouse LD50 2000 - 4000 mg/kg

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 3000 mg/kg

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Purity Specification: min. 98%
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 Nootkatone used as a fragrance ingredient should be at least 98% pure, with a melting point of at least 32°C. Lower purity grades may not be used as a fragrance ingredient. Methods for the determination of purity of nootkatone are provided on the IFRA website
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for (+)-nootkatone usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 130.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 20.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:540 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: II
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 4
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): -10.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -10.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 213: alpha,beta-Unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.7 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf

List of apha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes and Ketones representative of FGE.19 substances for Genotoxicity Testing [1] - Statement of the Panel on Food Contact Materials, Enzymes, Flavourings and Processing Aids (CEF)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 73, Revision 3 (FGE.73Rev3): Consideration of alicyclic alcohols, aldehydes, acids and related esters evaluated by JECFA (59th and 63rd meeting) structurally related to primary saturated or unsaturated alicyclic alcohols, aldehydes, acids and esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.12Rev4 (2013)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 9, Revision 5 (FGE.09Rev5): Secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 and 30, and an ester of a phenol derivative from chemical group 25
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 87, Revision 2 (FGE.87Rev2): Consideration of bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to bicyclic secondary alcohols, ketones and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.47Rev1 (2008)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 213, Revision 2 (FGE.213Rev2): Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,ß-unsaturated alicyclic ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 2.7 of FGE.19
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of secondary alicyclic saturated and unsaturated alcohols, ketones, ketals and esters with ketals containing alicyclic alcohols or ketones and esters containing secondary alicyclic alcohols from chemical group 8 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):4674-50-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :1268142
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
(4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2-one
Chemidplus:0004674504
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 (4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:4674-50-4
Pubchem (cid):1268142
Pubchem (sid):134984505
Flavornet:4674-50-4
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C17914
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB13687
Export Tariff Code:2914.29.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
2-
ethyl-N-methyl-N-(3-methyl phenyl) butyramide
FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
agrumen nitrile
FR
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
tridecanal
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ethyl para-anisate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzophenone
FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
caramellic
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
citronella
4,8-
dimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FR
citrus
benzyl anthranilate
FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus grandis fruit extract
FL/FR
citrus grandis fruit water
FR
citrus grandis peel
FL/FR
citrus grandis peel extract
FR
citrus grandis peel oil
FL/FR
citrus grandis peel powder
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel oil bergaptene reduced
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel oil washed
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel water
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
dimethyl octenone
FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate
FR
grapefruit carbonyls
FL/FR
grapefruit essence
FL/FR
grapefruit fragrance
FR
grapefruit indene
FR
grapefruit mercaptan
FL/FR
grapefruit nitrile
FR
grapefruit oil
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. argentina
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. israel
FL/FR
grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
grapefruit oil replacer
FL/FR
grapefruit oil terpeneless
FL/FR
grapefruit oil terpenes
FL/FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
grapefruit specialty
FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil residues
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)
FL/FR
5-
mercapto-5-methyl-3-hexanone
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
methyl indole-1-carboxylate
FR
1-
methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurized
FL/FR
myrmac aldehyde
FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
wild sweet
orange peel oil west indian
FL/FR
philodendron solimoesense specialty
FR
rhubafuran
FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
yuzu specialty
FR
ethereal
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
acetyl tetralin
FR
allyl anthranilate
FL/FR
amyl anthranilate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
bigarade oxide
FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cassis oxime 10%
FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
decyl anthranilate
FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl cyclohexyl methyl acetate
FR
ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
gardenia acetal
FR
gardenia amide
FR
gardenia decalone
FR
gardenia pentyl acetate
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
leerall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
magnolia indene
FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
muguet octadienol
FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
octanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
peony acetonitrile
FR
petitgrain grapefruit oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
acetoin acetate
FL/FR
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
apple crotonate
FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
iso
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
grape essence
FL/FR
grape fragrance
FR
concord
grape fragrance
FR
grapefruit acetal
FR
green acetate
FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl 2-methyl valerate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
grape
muscadine fragrance
FR
green
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
green carboxylate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl butyl) benzene
FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
cardamom liquid resin
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
chrysanthemum ketone
FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
licorice
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
melon
melon heptenal
FL/FR
watermelon ketone
FR
minty
ethyl benzoate
FL/FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
pulpy
grapefruit isolate
FL/FR
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
ethyl 3-mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
3-
thiohexanol
FL/FR
4-
tropical oxathiane
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
woody
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
santall
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
allyl anthranilate
FL/FR
amyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydronootkatone
FL
ethyl 3-mercaptopropionate
FL/FR
ethyl ortho-anisate
FL/FR
lemon oil residues
FL/FR
4-
mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanol
FL
5-
mercapto-5-methyl-3-hexanone
FL/FR
3-
mercaptooctanal
FL
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
anise
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
anise seed oil
FL/FR
ethyl para-anisate
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
raspberry ketone methyl ether
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
strawberry furanone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citrus enhancer
FL
citrus grandis fruit extract
FL/FR
citrus grandis peel
FL/FR
citrus grandis peel oil
FL/FR
citrus grandis peel powder
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel extract
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel oil bergaptene reduced
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel oil washed
FL/FR
citrus paradisi peel water
FL/FR
curacao flavor
FL
dehydronootkatone
FL
grapefruit carbonyls
FL/FR
grapefruit essence
FL/FR
grapefruit flavor
FL
pink
grapefruit flavor
FL
grapefruit green flavor
FL
grapefruit juice
FL
grapefruit key
FL
grapefruit mercaptan
FL/FR
grapefruit oil
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. argentina
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. florida
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. israel
FL/FR
grapefruit oil CO2 extract (citrus paradisi macf. var. falvedo)
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
grapefruit oil replacer
FL/FR
grapefruit oil sesquiterpeneless
FL
grapefruit oil terpeneless
FL/FR
grapefruit oil terpenes
FL/FR
lemon carbonyls
FL
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil (citrus reticulata var. ponkan)
FL/FR
3-
mercaptoheptyl acetate
FL
1-
methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurized
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil terpeneless
FL/FR
wild sweet
orange peel oil west indian
FL/FR
petitgrain grapefruit oil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil
FL/FR
pomelo essence oil
FL
pomelo flavor
FL
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
valencene
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
creamy
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
earthy
(±)-2-
mercapto-5-methylheptan-4-one
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
dodecadienal
FL
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
neroli oil bigarde
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
bitter
orangeflower absolute morocco
FL/FR
phenethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
fruity
acetoin acetate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
iso
butyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl anthranilate
FL/FR
(E)-alpha-
damascone
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hydroxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
ethyl propionate
FL/FR
furfuryl butyrate
FL
furfuryl isovalerate
FL
grape concentrate
FL
grape enhancer
FL
grape essence
FL/FR
concord
grape flavor
FL
grape flavor
FL
white
grape flavor
FL
red
grape flavor
FL
muscatine
grape flavor
FL
green
grape flavor
FL
grape juice concentrate
FL
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
mango papaya grapefruit flavor
FL
methyl 2-methyl valerate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
neryl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain mandarin oil terpeneless
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
tropical oxathiane
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
melon heptenal
FL/FR
melon nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
honey
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
medicinal
ethyl benzoate
FL/FR
musty
propionaldehyde
FL
powdery
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
pulpy
grapefruit isolate
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
sulfurous
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
3-
thiohexanol
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
anacardium occidentale fruit puree
FL
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillin
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl nonanoate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-3-buten-2-ol
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
tridecanal
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl methyl ether
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRabronia
FRagrumen aldehyde
FRaldehydic
FRalmond
 alpine bouquet
FRamaryllis
FRapple
FRapple blossom
 apple crabapple
FRapricot
FRash mountain ash berry
FRbergamot
FRblackberry
FRblue grass
 blue mist
FRbouquet
 bramble arctic bramble blackberry
FRcabreuva wood
FRcalamus oil replacer
FRcherry blossom
FLcherry wild cherry
FRchypre
 cider
FL/FRcilantro
FRcitrus
 cloudberry bakeapple
FRcologne
FRcolonia
FRcrabapple blossom
FRcranberry
FLcuracao
FRdaffodil
FRelder berry
FRfig
FRfir needle oil replacer
 fixer
 florida breeze
FRforest
FRfreesia
FRfresh and clean
FRgardenia
FLginger ale
FRgooseberry
FRgrapefruit
FRheather
FRherbal
FRhibiscus
FRhinoki oil replacer
FRkumquat
FRlemon
FRlinden flower
FRlotus
FRmandarin
FRmelissa oil replacer
FRmock orange
FLnecterine
FRneroli
FRorange
FL/FRorange bitter orange peel
FRorange blossom
FRpapaya
FRpassion fruit
FRpear
FRpetitgrain
FL/FRpetitgrain bergamot petitgrain
FL/FRpetitgrain mandarin oil replacer
 petitgrain orange petitgrain
 petitgrain tangerine petitgrain
FRpine
FRpineapple
FRpomegranate
FRrhubarb
 rose wild rose
FRsaffron
FRspice
FRspring rain
FRstephanotis
FRtangerine
FLtea
FLtropical
FRverbena
 watercress nasturtium
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 bergamot oil @ 0.010-0.095%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot peel
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.036%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.014%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.022%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.26%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.54%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 5.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon
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 lime
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange fruit
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 orange oil terpeneless @ 1.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.013%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.014%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.018%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.029%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tangerine fruit
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 26.56%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.82%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(+)-4a,5-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,7-octahydro-7-keto-3-isopropenyl naphthalene
4alpha,5-dimethyl-1,2,3,4,4alpha,5,6,7-octahydro-7-keto-3-isopropenyl naphthalene
(4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(prop-1-en-2-yl)-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2(3H)-one
(4R,4aS,6R)-4,4a-dimethyl-6-prop-1-en-2-yl-3,4,5,6,7,8-hexahydronaphthalen-2-one
(+)-5,6-dimethyl-8-isopropenyl bicyclo(4.4.0)dec-1-en-3-one
4betaH,5alpha-eremophila-1(10),11-dien-2-one
1(10),11-eremophiladien-2-one
(4R- (4alpha,4aalpha,6beta))- 4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methyl vinyl) naphthalen-2(3H)-one
4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-6-isopropenyl-4,4a-dimethyl-2(3H)-naphthalenone
4,4alpha,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-6-isopropenyl-4,4alpha-dimethyl-2,3H-naphthalenone
2(3H)-naphthalenone, 4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-, (4R,4aS,6R)-
 nootkatone 50-60% ex-valencene
 nootkatone 50% (ex-grapefruit oil) (natural)
 nootkatone 55-60%
 nootkatone 65-70%
 nootkatone 65-70% ex grapefruit natural
 nootkatone 65/70% (ex grapefruit oil) (natural)
 nootkatone 80-85% ex-valencene
 nootkatone 90-95%
 nootkatone 98% crystals
 nootkatone crystals
 nootkatone crystals, natural
 nootkatone distilled 50%
 nootkatone ex citrus 50% (natural)
 nootkatone ex citrus 70% (natural)
 nootkatone ex grapefruit (natural)
 nootkatone ex-citrus 50% natural
 nootkatone ex-citrus 70% natural
 nootkatone, 50 - 60%, natural
 nootkatone, 60 - 70%, natural
 nootkatone, 70 - 80%, natural
 nootkatone, 80 - 85%, natural
 nootkatone, 85 - 87%, natural
(4R,4aS,6R)-6-isopropenyl-4,4a-dimethyl-4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-3H-naphthalen-2-one
 

Articles:

Perfumer & Flavorist:Molecule of the Month: Nootkatone
US Patents:6,200,786 - Process for the preparation of nootkatone by laccase catalysis
PubMed:Production of the sesquiterpenoid (+)-nootkatone by metabolic engineering of Pichia pastoris.
PubMed:Different Accumulation Profiles of Multiple Components Between Pericarp and Seed of Alpinia oxyphylla Capsular Fruit as Determined by UFLC-MS/MS.
PubMed:(+)-Nootkatone inhibits tumor necrosis factor α/interferon γ-induced production of chemokines in HaCaT cells.
PubMed:Valencene oxidase CYP706M1 from Alaska cedar (Callitropsis nootkatensis).
PubMed:Valencene synthase from the heartwood of Nootka cypress (Callitropsis nootkatensis) for biotechnological production of valencene.
PubMed:Modification of valencene by bio- and chemical transformation.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of the major constituents in Chinese medicinal preparation SuoQuan formulae by ultra fast high performance liquid chromatography/quadrupole tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Ready access to functionally embellished cis-hydrindanes and cis-decalins: protecting group-free total syntheses of (±)-Nootkatone and (±)-Noreremophilane.
PubMed:Anti-diarrheal constituents of Alpinia oxyphylla.
PubMed:Challenges and pitfalls of P450-dependent (+)-valencene bioconversion by Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Compositions of the volatile oils of Citrus macroptera and C. maxima.
PubMed:Characterisation of commercial aromatised vinegars: phenolic compounds, volatile composition and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Efficacy and environmental persistence of nootkatone for the control of the blacklegged tick (Acari: Ixodidae) in residential landscapes.
PubMed:HPTLC and reverse phase HPLC methods for the simultaneous quantification and in vitro screening of antioxidant potential of isolated sesquiterpenoids from the rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus.
PubMed:Efficacy of plant-derived and synthetic compounds on clothing as repellents against Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed:Experimental use of two standard tick collection methods to evaluate the relative effectiveness of several plant-derived and synthetic repellents against Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed:Functional expression of a valencene dioxygenase from Pleurotus sapidus in E. coli.
PubMed:A formulation to encapsulate nootkatone for tick control.
PubMed:CYP264B1 from Sorangium cellulosum So ce56: a fascinating norisoprenoid and sesquiterpene hydroxylase.
PubMed:A-Z of nutritional supplements: dietary supplements, sports nutrition foods and ergogenic aids for health and performance--Part 27.
PubMed:Toxic effects of Citrus aurantium and C. limon essential oils on Spodoptera frugiperda (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed:(+)-Nootkatone and (+)-valencene from rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus increase survival rates in septic mice due to heme oxygenase-1 induction.
PubMed:Biologically important eremophilane sesquiterpenes from alaska cedar heartwood essential oil and their semi-synthetic derivatives.
PubMed:Suppression of host-seeking Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs after dual applications of plant-derived acaricides in New Jersey.
PubMed:Susceptibility of four tick species, Amblyomma americanum, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes scapularis, and Rhipicephalus sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae), to nootkatone from essential oil of grapefruit.
PubMed:Determination of volatile, phenolic, organic acid and sugar components in a Turkish cv. Dortyol (Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck) orange juice.
PubMed:[Study on quality standards of decoction pieces of salt Alpinia].
PubMed:Anti-allergic activity of sesquiterpenes from the rhizomes of Cyperus rotundus.
PubMed:Microbial transformation of (+)-nootkatone and the antiproliferative activity of its metabolites.
PubMed:Antiplatelet effects of Cyperus rotundus and its component (+)-nootkatone.
PubMed:Chemical composition and cytotoxicity of oils and eremophilanes derived from various parts of Eremophila mitchellii Benth. (Myoporaceae).
PubMed:Mode of action for natural products isolated from essential oils of two trees is different from available mosquito adulticides.
PubMed:A chicory cytochrome P450 mono-oxygenase CYP71AV8 for the oxidation of (+)-valencene.
PubMed:Structural requirements for repellency: norsesquiterpenes and sesquiterpenoid derivatives of nootkatone against the Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
PubMed:Catalytic oxidation of concentrated orange oil phase by synthetic metallic complexes biomimetic to MMO enzyme.
PubMed:Nootkatone, a characteristic constituent of grapefruit, stimulates energy metabolism and prevents diet-induced obesity by activating AMPK.
PubMed:Isolation and purification of nootkatone from the essential oil of fruits of Alpinia oxyphylla Miquel by high-speed counter-current chromatography.
PubMed:Ability of two natural products, nootkatone and carvacrol, to suppress Ixodes scapularis and Amblyomma americanum (Acari: Ixodidae) in a Lyme disease endemic area of New Jersey.
PubMed:A dioxygenase of Pleurotus sapidus transforms (+)-valencene regio-specifically to (+)-nootkatone via a stereo-specific allylic hydroperoxidation.
PubMed:Genome mining in Sorangium cellulosum So ce56: identification and characterization of the homologous electron transfer proteins of a myxobacterial cytochrome P450.
PubMed:An efficient and economic asymmetric synthesis of (+)-nootkatone, tetrahydronootkatone, and derivatives.
PubMed:Regioselective biooxidation of (+)-valencene by recombinant E. coli expressing CYP109B1 from Bacillus subtilis in a two-liquid-phase system.
PubMed:Nootkatone--a biotechnological challenge.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of volatile constituents from five different kinds of Chinese eaglewood].
PubMed:Biotransformation of terpenoids by mammals, microorganisms, and plant-cultured cells.
PubMed:Repellent activity of fractioned compounds from Chamaecyparis nootkatensis essential oil against nymphal Ixodes scapularis (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed:Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed:Changes in heartwood chemistry of dead yellow-cedar trees that remain standing for 80 years or more in southeast Alaska.
PubMed:Highly efficient production of nootkatone, the grapefruit aroma from valencene, by biotransformation.
PubMed:Biotransformation of citrus aromatics nootkatone and valencene by microorganisms.
PubMed:Use of novel compounds for pest control: insecticidal and acaricidal activity of essential oil components from heartwood of Alaska yellow cedar.
PubMed:Bioconversion of (+)-valencene in submerged cultures of the ascomycete Chaetomium globosum.
PubMed:Biotransformation of the sesquiterpene (+)-valencene by cytochrome P450cam and P450BM-3.
PubMed:Toxicity and behavioral effects of nootkatone, 1,10-dihydronootkatone, and tetrahydronootkatone to the formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
PubMed:Structure-activity of valencenoid derivatives and their repellence to the Formosan subterranean termite.
PubMed:Induction of apoptosis by Citrus paradisi essential oil in human leukemic (HL-60) cells.
PubMed:Citrus fruit flavor and aroma biosynthesis: isolation, functional characterization, and developmental regulation of Cstps1, a key gene in the production of the sesquiterpene aroma compound valencene.
PubMed:The sesquiterpenoid nootkatone and the absolute configuration of a dibromo derivative.
PubMed:[Grapefruit juice and drugs: a hazardous combination?].
PubMed:Comparative effects of vetiver oil, nootkatone and disodium octaborate tetrahydrate on Coptotermes formosanus and its symbiotic fauna.
PubMed:Absolute stereostructures of three new sesquiterpenes from the fruit of Alpinia oxyphylla with inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production and degranulation in RBL-2H3 cells.
PubMed:Use of nootkatone as a senescence indicator for Rouge La Toma Cv. grapefruit (Citrus paradisi Macf.).
PubMed:Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase activity by essential oil from Citrus paradisi.
PubMed:Aroma composition changes in early season grapefruit juice produced from thermal concentration.
PubMed:Modulation of radioligand binding to the GABA(A)-benzodiazepine receptor complex by a new component from Cyperus rotundus.
PubMed:Efficacy of vetiver oil and nootkatone as soil barriers against Formosan subterranean termite (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae).
PubMed:Nootkatone is a repellent for Formosan subterranean termite (Coptotermes formosanus).
PubMed:Determination of Key Flavor Components in Methylene Chloride Extracts from Processed Grapefruit Juice.
PubMed:Insecticidal sesquiterpene from Alpinia oxyphylla against Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed:Inhibition selectivity of grapefruit juice components on human cytochromes P450.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:Effect of ethylene on naringin, narirutin and nootkatone accumulation in grapefruit.
PubMed:Accumulation of the sesquiterpenes nootkatone and valencene by callus cultures of Citrus paradisi, Citrus limonia and Citrus aurantium.
PubMed:Anti-ulcer effect in rats of bitter cardamon constituents.
PubMed:Terpenoid biotransformation in mammals. IV Biotransformation of (+)-longifolene, (-)-caryophyllene, (-)-caryophyllene oxide, (-)-cyclocolorenone, (+)-nootkatone, (-)-elemol, (-)-abietic acid and (+)-dehydroabietic acid in rabbits.
PubMed:Regioselective biotransformation of valencene in cell suspension cultures of Citrus sp.
 
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