EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

4-vinyl phenol
p-vinylphenol

Sponsors

Name:4-ethenylphenol
CAS Number: 2628-17-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:220-103-6
FDA UNII:OA7V1SM8YL
Nikkaji Web:J38.247G
Beilstein Number:0506844
MDL:MFCD00017593
CoE Number:11257
XlogP3:2.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:120.15096000
Formula:C8 H8 O
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:711 p-vinylphenol
FLAVIS Number:04.057 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:04.057 4-vinylphenol
FEMA Number:3739 p-vinylphenol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: P-VINYLPHENOL
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white to pale yellow solid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:1.03900 @ 25.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.54500 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 59.00 to 68.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 189.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 163.00 to 168.00 °C. @ 0.50 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.168000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 140.00 °F. TCC ( 60.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.615 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water
 water, 3302 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: phenolic
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.01 % solution or less
chemical phenolic medicinal sweet
Odor Description:at 0.01 % in propylene glycol. chemical phenolic medicinal sweet
chemical phenolic medicinal sweet musty meaty
Odor Description:Chemical, phenolic, medicinal with sweet musty and meaty nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Flavor Type: phenolic
phenolic medicinal spicy
Taste Description: at 60.00 ppm. Phenolic, medicinal, spicy
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 15, No. 1, 19, (1990)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Treatt
4-Vinylphenol 10% in PG. Halal, Kosher
Odor Description:sweet/vanilla
Taste Description:sweet vanilla
Used in chewing gum at 10ppm, bakery and meat products at 5ppm, desserts and confectionery at 2-3ppm, and alcoholic beverages at 0.5%.
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Anhui Haibei
4-Vinyl Phenol natural
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
4-Vinylphenol 98%
Parchem
4-vinyl phenol
Penta International
4-VINYL PHENOL 10% IN PROPYLENE GLYCOL, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
4-Vinylphenol
Sigma-Aldrich
4-Vinylphenol solution, 10wt. % in propylene glycol, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Synerzine
4-Vinyl Phenol (10% in P.G.)
Synerzine
4-Vinyl Phenol (10% in triacetin)
Treatt
4-Vinylphenol 10% in PG.
Halal, Kosher
Odor: sweet/vanilla
Flavor: sweet vanilla
Used in chewing gum at 10ppm, bakery and meat products at 5ppm, desserts and confectionery at 2-3ppm, and alcoholic beverages at 0.5%.
Treatt
4-Vinylphenol 10% in Triacetin
Halal, Kosher
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 23/24/25 - Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 34 - Causes burns.
R 42/43 - May cause sensitization by inhalation and skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 53 - Avoid exposure - obtain special instructions before use.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
gavage-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] > 5000 mg/kg
(Piccirillo & Hartman, 1982)

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LDLo 200 mg/kg
SKIN AND APPENDAGES (SKIN): CORROSIVE: AFTER TOPICAL EXPOSURE
United States Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Pesticides and Toxic Substances. Vol. 8EHQ-1285-0579S

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.12 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 6.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 13
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -5.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.50000
beverages(alcoholic): -0.50000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -10.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -2.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.50000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: -2.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: -5.00000
hard candy: -2.00000
imitation dairy: -3.00000
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: -5.00000
milk products: --
nut products: -2.00000
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: -2.50000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 22 (FGE.22): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 58 (FGE.58) Consideration of phenol derivatives evaluated by JECFA (55th meeting) structurally related to ring substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 60 (FGE.60): Consideration of eugenol and related hydroxyallylbenzene derivatives evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting) structurally related to ring- substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 22, Revision 1 (FGE.22Rev1): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):2628-17-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :62453
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
4-ethenylphenol
Chemidplus:0002628173
RTECS:SN3800000 for cas# 2628-17-3
 
References:
 4-ethenylphenol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:2628-17-3
Pubchem (cid):62453
Pubchem (sid):135019290
Flavornet:2628-17-3
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C05627
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB04072
FooDB:FDB010540
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01627
Export Tariff Code:2909.50.0090
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
alliaceous
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
anisic
ortho-
acetanisole
FL/FR
balsamic
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin absolute
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
caramellic
coffee dione
FL/FR
cyclotene
FL/FR
chemical
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
chocolate
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyraldehyde
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
citrus
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
coffee
coffee difuran
FL/FR
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
1-
hydroxy-2-butanone
FL/FR
2-
methyl-3-,5 or 6-(furfuryl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
creamy
para-
vanillyl alcohol
FL/FR
floral
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
champaca absolute
FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl propionate
FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
methyl ionone (90% min.)
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
tea acetate
FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
green
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
ajowan seed oil
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
2,10-
epoxypinane
FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
white
thyme oil
FL/FR
thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spain
FL/FR
red
thyme oil spain
FL/FR
thymol
FL/FR
honey
phenyl pyruvic acid
FL/FR
leathery
2-tert-
butyl-6-methyl phenol
FR
licorice
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
medicinal
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
2-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
summer
savory oil
FL/FR
2,6-
xylenol
FL/FR
minty
piperitenone
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss concrete
FR
sea resorcylate
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
musty
menthofuran
FL/FR
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
naphthyl
1-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
nutty
3,5-
cocoa pyrazine
FL/FR
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
5-
methyl quinoxaline
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty cyclohexenone
FL/FR
2,3,5,6-
tetramethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
phenolic
ortho-
cresol
FR
meta-
cresol
FR
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
para-alpha-
dimethyl styrene
FL/FR
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
piper betle leaf oil
CS
4-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
2,5-
xylenol
FL/FR
2,3-
xylenol
FL/FR
popcorn
2-
acetyl pyrazine
FL/FR
smoky
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
spicy
carvacrol
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ortho-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
zingerone
FL/FR
sulfurous
benzothiazole
FL/FR
furfuryl thioacetate
FL/FR
S-
furfuryl thioformate
FL/FR
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
vanilla
benzoin
FL/FR
ortho-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
woody
cyperus root oil (cyperus rotundus)
FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
(-)-
guaiol
FR
longifolene
FL/FR
beta-
thujaplicin
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
benzoin
FL/FR
chavicol
FL
2,4-
dihydroxybenzoic acid
FL
2,6-
dimethoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL
ortho-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl-3-thiofuroyl furan
FL
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
3-
methyl crotonic acid
FL
4-
methyl salicylaldehyde
FL
2-
methyl-3-,5 or 6-(furfuryl thio) pyrazine
FL/FR
piperitenone
FL/FR
4-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
2-
propyl phenol
FL/FR
para-
salicylic acid
FL
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
benzyl mercaptan
FL
dicyclohexyl disulfide
FL
anise
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
bitter
3,4-
dihydroxybenzaldehyde
FL
brown
1-
hydroxy-2-butanone
FL/FR
burnt
furfuryl alcohol
FL
2-
methyl quinoxaline
FL
2,6-
xylenol
FL/FR
caramellic
caramel furanone
FL
cyclotene
FL/FR
chemical
2,3-
dimethyl benzofuran
FL/FR
meta-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
citrus
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
coffee
coffee difuran
FL/FR
coffee dione
FL/FR
coffee pyrazine
FL
difurfuryl ether
FL
diisoamyl thiomalate
FL
2,4-
dimethyl thiazole
FL
furfuryl mercaptan
FL/FR
methyl furfuryl disulfide
FL/FR
2-
thiophene thiol
FL
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
creamy
para-
vanillyl alcohol
FL/FR
earthy
difurfuryl sulfide
FL
fishy
3-
penten-2-one
FL
floral
alpha-iso
methyl ionone (90% min.)
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
benzyl alcohol
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
furfuryl propionate
FL
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
fusel
2-
methyl butyraldehyde
FL/FR
green
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
methyl-5-isopropyl pyrazine
FL
herbal
ajowan seed oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
matricaria chamomilla flower oil
FL/FR
white
thyme oil
FL/FR
thyme oil (thymus zygis gracillis) spain
FL/FR
red
thyme oil spain
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
meaty
benzothiazole
FL/FR
2,6-
dimethyl thiophenol
FL
2-
methyl 3-(methyl thio) furan
FL
ortho-
thioguaiacol
FL
medicinal
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
summer
savory oil
FL/FR
minty
myrtenol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mustard
furfuryl methyl ether
FL
musty
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2-
ethoxythiazole
FL
menthofuran
FL/FR
2-
methyl 5-(methyl thio) furan
FL/FR
2,5-
xylenol
FL/FR
naphthyl
2'-
hydroxyacetophenone
FL/FR
1-
methyl naphthalene
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
3,5-
cocoa pyrazine
FL/FR
3,5(6)-
cocoa pyrazine
FL
2,6-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,3-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
4,5-
dimethyl-2-ethyl-3-thiazoline
FL/FR
filbert heptenone
FL/FR
5-
methyl quinoxaline
FL/FR
2-
methyl thio-3,5 or 6-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty cyclohexenone
FL/FR
2,3,5,6-
tetramethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
onion
furfuryl isopropyl sulfide
FL
phenolic
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
phenyl pyruvic acid
FL/FR
thymol
FL/FR
2,3-
xylenol
FL/FR
powdery
ortho-
acetanisole
FL/FR
roasted
2-
acetyl pyrazine
FL/FR
ethyl 3-(furfuryl thio) propionate
FL
furfuryl thioacetate
FL/FR
rummy
vanillyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
smoky
4-
ethyl phenol
FL/FR
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
spicy
sumatra
benzoin absolute
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
para-alpha-
dimethyl styrene
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
2-
hydroxybenzaldehyde
FL/FR
ortho-
methoxycinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
winter
savory oil
FL
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
zingerone
FL/FR
sulfurous
butyl mercaptan
FL
ethyl methyl sulfide
FL
S-
ethyl thioacetate
FL
S-
furfuryl thioformate
FL/FR
furfuryl thiopropionate
FL
2-
thienyl mercaptan
FL
vanilla
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ortho-
guaiacol
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
longifolene
FL/FR
safranal
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FLbakery
FLbeverage
 chewing gum
FLcoffee
 confection
 fruit
FLgrain
FLmeat
FLseafood
FLtea
FLvegetable
FLwine
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple cooked apple
Search PMC Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop Picture
 bilberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 blueberry fruit juice
Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coffee
Search PMC Picture
 cognac
Search PMC Picture
 coriander
Search Trop Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop Picture
 mushroom
Search PMC Picture
 passion fruit
Search Trop Picture
 peanut roasted peanut
Search Trop Picture
 popcorn
Search PMC Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 sherry
Search PMC Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 tea black tea
Search Trop Picture
 vanilla bourbon
Search Trop Picture
 wine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
4-ethenyl phenol
4-ethenylphenol
p-ethenylphenol
4-hydroxystyrene
p-hydroxystyrene
para-hydroxystyrene
 maruzen M
 phenol, 4-ethenyl-
 phenol, 4-vinyl-
 phenol, p-vinyl-
4-vinyl phenol
p-vinyl phenol
para-vinyl phenol
4-vinyl phenol 10% in propylene glycol
para-vinyl-phenol
4-vinylphenol
p-vinylphenol
4-vinylphenol 10% in PG
4-vinylphenol solution
 

Articles:

PubMed:Genetic Determinants for Enzymatic Digestion of Lignocellulosic Biomass Are Independent of Those for Lignin Abundance in a Maize Recombinant Inbred Population.
PubMed:Bioproduction of 4-vinylphenol from corn cob alkaline hydrolyzate in two-phase extractive fermentation using free or immobilized recombinant E. coli expressing pad gene.
PubMed:High crystalline dithienosilole-cored small molecule semiconductor for ambipolar transistor and nonvolatile memory.
PubMed:Poly-4-vinylphenol and poly(melamine-co-formaldehyde)-based graphene passivation method for flexible, wearable and transparent electronics.
PubMed:Blending effect of 6,13-bis(triisopropylsilylethynyl) pentacene-graphene composite layers for flexible thin film transistors with a polymer gate dielectric.
PubMed:Free and glycosidically bound aroma compounds in cherry (Prunus avium L.).
PubMed:A selective molecularly imprinted polymer-carbon nanotube sensor for cotinine sensing.
PubMed:Metabolism of styrene to styrene oxide and vinylphenols in cytochrome P450 2F2- and P450 2E1-knockout mouse liver and lung microsomes.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in two bavarian wheat beers by means of the sensomics approach.
PubMed:Evaluation of aroma differences between high-salt liquid-state fermentation and low-salt solid-state fermentation soy sauces from China.
PubMed:Production of volatile phenols by Lactobacillus plantarum in wine conditions.
PubMed:Epigenetics meets metabolomics: an epigenome-wide association study with blood serum metabolic traits.
PubMed:[Chemical consitituents from root of Isatis indigotica].
PubMed:Semi-transparent a-IGZO thin-film transistors with polymeric gate dielectric.
PubMed:Additive effect of poly(4-vinylphenol) gate dielectric in organic thin film transistor at low temperature process.
PubMed:Key aroma compounds in roasted in-shell peanuts.
PubMed:Flexible high-performance all-inkjet-printed inverters: organo-compatible and stable interface engineering.
PubMed:Biotransformation of caffeoyl quinic acids from green coffee extracts by Lactobacillus johnsonii NCC 533.
PubMed:Novel low voltage and solution processable organic thin film transistors based on water dispersed polymer semiconductor nanoparticulates.
PubMed:Characterization of the aroma signature of styrian pumpkin seed oil ( Cucurbita pepo subsp. pepo var. Styriaca) by molecular sensory science.
PubMed:Studies of styrene, styrene oxide and 4-hydroxystyrene toxicity in CYP2F2 knockout and CYP2F1 humanized mice support lack of human relevance for mouse lung tumors.
PubMed:Formation of styrene dependent on fermentation management during wheat beer production.
PubMed:Asymmetric enzymatic hydration of hydroxystyrene derivatives.
PubMed:Cooperative effects for CYP2E1 differ between styrene and its metabolites.
PubMed:Molecular and physiological comparison of spoilage wine yeasts.
PubMed:Formation of metal and dielectric liners using a solution process for deep trench capacitors.
PubMed:Patterning of Conducting Polymers Using UV Lithography: The In-Situ Polymerization Approach.
PubMed:Low-voltage-driven pentacene thin-film transistors with cross-linked poly(4-vinylphenol)/high-k Bi55b3O15 hybrid dielectric for phototransistor.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of a potent radical scavenger (canolol) from roasted high erucic mustard seed oil from Nepal and its formation during roasting.
PubMed:Application of LC-MS and tristimulus colorimetry to assess the ageing aptitude of Syrah wine in the Condado de Huelva D.O. (Spain), a typical warm climate region.
PubMed:High performance flexible organic thin film transistors (OTFTs) with octadecyltrichlorsilane/ Al2O3/poly(4-vinylphenol) multilayer insulators.
PubMed:Optimisation of a sensitive method based on ultrasound-assisted emulsification-microextraction for the simultaneous determination of haloanisoles and volatile phenols in wine.
PubMed:Fabrication of arrayed Si nanowire-based nano-floating gate memory devices on flexible plastics.
PubMed:Effect of thermal sterilization on ferulic, coumaric and cinnamic acids: dimerization and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in rape honey by means of the molecular sensory science concept.
PubMed:Solvent-adoptable polymer Ni/NiCo alloy nanochains: highly active and versatile catalysts for various organic reactions in both aqueous and nonaqueous media.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory effect of 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol via the suppression of NF-κB and MAPK activation, and acetylation of histone H3.
PubMed:Study of surface-modified PVP gate dielectric in organic thin film transistors with the nano-particle silver ink source/drain electrode.
PubMed:Association of poly(4-hydroxystyrene)-block-poly(ethylene oxide) in aqueous solutions: block copolymer nanoparticles with intermixed blocks.
PubMed:Ultrasound-assisted emulsification-microextraction for the sensitive determination of Brett character responsible compounds in wines.
PubMed:Fabrication of robust multilayer films by triggering the coupling reaction between phenol and primary amine groups with visible light irradiation.
PubMed:Moisture-induced hysteresis of pentacene thin film transistors with cross-linked poly(4-vinylphenol) gate dielectrics.
PubMed:Nonvolatile write-once-read-many times memory devices based on the composites of poly(4-vinylphenol)/Vulcan XC-72.
PubMed:Preparation of poly(4-vinylphenol)/titanium dioxide composite and its application as a gate dielectric for organic thin-film transistors.
PubMed:Hepatotoxicity and pneumotoxicity of styrene and its metabolites in glutathione S-transferase-deficient mice.
PubMed:Characterization of odor-active compounds of various cherry wines by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, gas chromatography-olfactometry and their correlation with sensory attributes.
PubMed:Wine phenolic compounds influence the production of volatile phenols by wine-related lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed:Comparison of fermented soybean paste (Doenjang) prepared by different methods based on profiling of volatile compounds.
PubMed:Factors influencing the production of volatile phenols by wine lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed:Development of a dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction method for the simultaneous determination of the main compounds causing cork taint and Brett character in wines using gas chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Single-conformation ultraviolet and infrared spectra of jet-cooled monolignols: p-coumaryl alcohol, coniferyl alcohol, and sinapyl alcohol.
PubMed:Vibrational and electronic spectroscopy of the 4-hydroxystyrene-CO2 cluster and its hydrate: a para-coumaric acid impostor.
PubMed:One-dimensional semiconductor nanostructure based thin-film partial composite formed by transfer implantation for high-performance flexible and printable electronics at low temperature.
PubMed:Mechanism of the organocatalyzed decarboxylative Knoevenagel-Doebner reaction. A theoretical study.
PubMed:Facile fabrication of robust multilayer films: visible light-triggered chemical cross-linking by the catalysis of a ruthenium(II) complex.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatiles from Degenia velebitica, a European stenoendemic plant of the Brassicaceae family.
PubMed:In vitro metabolism, glutathione conjugation, and CYP isoform specificity of epoxidation of 4-vinylphenol.
PubMed:Computational analysis for hepatic safety signals of constituents present in botanical extracts widely used by women in the United States for treatment of menopausal symptoms.
PubMed:2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol can induce cell cycle arrest by blocking the hyper-phosphorylation of retinoblastoma protein in benzo[a]pyrene-treated NIH3T3 cells.
PubMed:Optimisation of a simple and reliable method based on headspace solid-phase microextraction for the determination of volatile phenols in beer.
PubMed:Detection of phenolic metabolites of styrene in mouse liver and lung microsomal incubations.
PubMed:Enhanced volatile phenols in wine fermented with Saccharomyces cerevisiae and spoiled with Pichia guilliermondii and Dekkera bruxellensis.
PubMed:Anthocyanins profile of grape berries of Vitis amurensis, its hybrids and their wines.
PubMed:Volatile compounds and the changes in their concentration levels during storage in beers containing varying malt concentrations.
PubMed:Identification of novel aroma-active thiols in pan-roasted white sesame seeds.
PubMed:Assessing variability and comparing short-term biomarkers of styrene exposure using a repeated measurements approach.
PubMed:Headspace solid-phase microextraction for direct determination of volatile phenols in cider.
PubMed:Production of 4-ethylphenol from 4-hydroxycinnamic acid by Lactobacillus sp. isolated from a swine waste lagoon.
PubMed:New urinary metabolites formed from ring-oxidized metabolic intermediates of styrene.
PubMed:Spoilage yeasts in Patagonian winemaking: molecular and physiological features of Pichia guilliermondii indigenous isolates.
PubMed:Biomarkers of nucleic acid oxidation, polymorphism in, and expression of, hOGG1 gene in styrene-exposed workers.
PubMed:Minimization of ethylphenol precursors in red wines via the formation of pyranoanthocyanins by selected yeasts.
PubMed:In vitro estrogenic activity of Asplenium trichomanes L. extracts and isolated compounds.
PubMed:Pharmacological activity of compounds extracted from persimmon peel (Diospyros kaki THUNB.).
PubMed:Investigation of polymer thin films by use of Bi-cluster-ion-supported time of flight secondary ion mass spectrometry.
PubMed:A method for estimating Dekkera/Brettanomyces populations in wines.
PubMed:Factors affecting the hydroxycinnamate decarboxylase/vinylphenol reductase activity of dekkera/brettanomyces: application for dekkera/brettanomyces control in red wine making.
PubMed:Study of the coumarate decarboxylase and vinylphenol reductase activities of Dekkera bruxellensis (anamorph Brettanomyces bruxellensis) isolates.
PubMed:CC10 mRNA and protein expression in Clara cells of CD-1 mice following exposure to styrene or its metabolites styrene oxide or 4-vinylphenol.
PubMed:An integrated approach to biomonitoring exposure to styrene and styrene-(7,8)-oxide using a repeated measurements sampling design.
PubMed:Partial vinylphenol reductase purification and characterization from Brettanomyces bruxellensis.
PubMed:Water properties in the super-salt-resistive gel probed by NMR and DSC.
PubMed:Off-line pyrolysis and compound-specific stable carbon isotope analysis of lignin moieties: a new method for determining the fate of lignin residues in soil.
PubMed:[Insecticidal activity and active components of alcohol extract from Juglans mandshurica Maxim leaves].
PubMed:Studies on the cytotoxicity of miscellaneous compounds from Eupatorium betonicaeforme (D.C.) Baker (Asteraceae).
PubMed:A structure-activity relationship study on a natural germination inhibitor, 2-methoxy-4-vinylphenol (MVP), in wheat seeds to evaluate its mode of action.
PubMed:High-added-value antioxidants obtained from the degradation of wine phenolics by Lactobacillus plantarum.
PubMed:Variability in the release of free and bound hydroxycinnamic acids from diverse malted barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivars during wort production.
PubMed:Decarboxylation of sorbic acid by spoilage yeasts is associated with the PAD1 gene.
PubMed:Multiple headspace solid-phase microextraction for eliminating matrix effect in the simultaneous determination of haloanisoles and volatile phenols in wines.
PubMed:Changes in key odorants of raw coffee beans during storage under defined conditions.
PubMed:Calcium alginate bead immobilization of cells containing tyrosine ammonia lyase activity for use in the production of p-hydroxycinnamic acid.
PubMed:Functional expression of prokaryotic and eukaryotic genes in Escherichia coli for conversion of glucose to p-hydroxystyrene.
PubMed:[Extraction and determination of essential oils in Indocalamus latifolius leaves and Indocalamus tessellatus leaves].
PubMed:Determination of volatile phenols in wine using high-performance liquid chromatography with a coulometric array detector.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma compounds in apple cider using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation and headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Determination of Brett character responsible compounds in wines by using multiple headspace solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Rapid headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatographic/mass spectrometric assay for the quantitative determination of some of the main odorants causing off-flavours in wine.
PubMed:Development of a general Pd(II)-catalyzed intermolecular hydroalkoxylation reaction of vinylphenols by using a sacrificial alcohol as the hydride source.
PubMed:Phenols and lignans from Chenopodium album.
PubMed:Cooperative hydrogen bonds of macromolecules. 2. Two-dimensional cooperativity in the binding of poly(4-vinylpyridine) to poly(4-vinylphenol).
PubMed:Comparison of styrene and its metabolites styrene oxide and 4-vinylphenol on cytotoxicity and glutathione depletion in Clara cells of mice and rats.
PubMed:Cooperative h-bonds of macromolecules. 1. Binding of low-molecular-weight ligands to polymers.
PubMed:Chemical composition of abaca (Musa textilis) leaf fibers used for manufacturing of high quality paper pulps.
PubMed:Reactivity of 4-vinylphenol radical cations in solution: implications for the biosynthesis of lignans.
PubMed:Effect of copigments and grape cultivar on the color of red wines fermented after the addition of copigments.
PubMed:Synthesis and structural characterization of a series of high-hydride content osmium-rhodium carbonyl complexes by the hydrogenation of arene-coordinated clusters.
PubMed:A modification of the Hammett equation for predicting ionisation constants of p-vinyl phenols.
PubMed:Effects of styrene and its metabolites on different lung compartments of the mouse--cell proliferation and histomorphology.
PubMed:[Studies on the chemical constituents of the essential oil from the leaves of Dalbergia odorifera T. Chen].
PubMed:Ring-oxidized metabolites of styrene contribute to styrene-induced Clara-cell toxicity in mice.
PubMed:[Contrastive analysis of volatile oil from Serissa serissoides in different seasons].
PubMed:Comparison of the depletion of glutathione in mouse liver and lung following administration of styrene and its metabolites styrene oxide and 4-vinylphenol.
PubMed:Synthesis of size-tunable gold nanoparticles by poly(vinylphenol) and electrostatic multilayer deposition of the gold-poly(vinylphenol) nanocomposites.
PubMed:Characterization of anthocyanins and pyranoanthocyanins from blood orange [Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck] juice.
PubMed:Identification and quantitation of compounds in a series of allelopathic and non-allelopathic rice root exudates.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of the essential oils from Eupatorium betonicaeforme (D.C.) Baker (Asteraceae).
PubMed:Hydrogen-bonding-directed layer-by-layer assembly of poly(4-vinylpyridine) and poly(4-vinylphenol): effect of solvent composition on multilayer buildup.
PubMed:Influence of selected inhibitors on the metabolism of the styrene metabolite 4-vinylphenol in wild-type and CYP2E1 knockout mice.
PubMed:Occurrence of pyranoanthocyanins in sparkling wines manufactured with red grape varieties.
PubMed:[Genetic polymorphism of biotransforming enzymes and genotoxic effects of styrenes].
PubMed:[Urinary excretion of 4-vinyl phenol after experimental and occupational exposure to styrene].
PubMed:Anthocyanin transformation in Cabernet Sauvignon wine during aging.
PubMed:Metabolism and toxicity of the styrene metabolite 4-vinylphenol in CYP2E1 knockout mice.
PubMed:FT-IR study of a chemically amplified resist for X-ray lithography.
PubMed:Molecular modeling of polymer composite-analyte interactions in electronic nose sensors.
PubMed:Assessment of biotransformation of the arene moiety of styrene in volunteers and occupationally exposed workers.
PubMed:Pathway leading to the formation of anthocyanin-vinylphenol adducts and related pigments in red wines.
PubMed:Impact odorants of different young white wines from the Canary Islands.
PubMed:PEO flocculation with phenolic microparticles.
PubMed:Liquid chromatography/electrospray tandem mass spectrometry characterization of styrene metabolism in man and in rat.
PubMed:Germination and growth inhibitors from wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) husks.
PubMed:4-Vinylphenol-induced pneumotoxicity and hepatotoxicity in mice.
PubMed:Determination of minor and trace volatile compounds in wine by solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography with mass spectrometric detection.
PubMed:Effect of the inhibition of the metabolism of 4-vinylphenol on its hepatotoxicity and pneumotoxicity in rats and mice.
PubMed:Styrene respiratory tract toxicity and mouse lung tumors are mediated by CYP2F-generated metabolites.
PubMed:GSTM1 polymorphism and styrene metabolism: insights from an acute accidental exposure.
PubMed:Isolation from a shea cake digester of a tannin-degrading Streptococcus gallolyticus strain that decarboxylates protocatechuic and hydroxycinnamic acids, and emendation of the species.
PubMed:Screening for potential pigments derived from anthocyanins in red wine using nanoelectrospray tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Metabolism of cinnamic acids by some Clostridiales and emendation of the descriptions of Clostridium aerotolerans, Clostridium celerecrescens and Clostridium xylanolyticum.
PubMed:Microbial transformations of p-coumaric acid by Bacillus megaterium and Curvularia lunata.
PubMed:Effect of overexpression of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Pad1p on the resistance to phenylacrylic acids and lignocellulose hydrolysates under aerobic and oxygen-limited conditions.
PubMed:Isolation and structures of two new compounds from the essential oil of Brazilian propolis.
PubMed:Metabolism of the styrene metabolite 4-vinylphenol by rat and mouse liver and lung.
PubMed:Change in the flavor of black tea drink during heat processing.
PubMed:Decarboxylation of substituted cinnamic acids by lactic acid bacteria isolated during malt whisky fermentation.
PubMed:Spectral editing of 13C cp/MAS NMR spectra of complex systems: application to the structural characterisation of cork cell walls.
PubMed:Identification of potent odorants in Japanese green tea (Sen-cha).
PubMed:Enantioselective hydroxylation of 4-alkylphenols by vanillyl alcohol oxidase
PubMed:Purification and characterization of ferulate and p-coumarate decarboxylase from Bacillus pumilus.
PubMed:Endothelial cell growth on oxygen-containing films deposited by radio-frequency plasmas: the role of surface carbonyl groups.
PubMed:Stereochemical aspects of the oxidation of 4-ethylphenol by the bacterial enzyme 4-ethylphenol methylenehydroxylase.
PubMed:Studies on Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum, IV. Isolation of three p-hydroxystyrene glycosides and an efficient method for the isolation of ptaquiloside, an unstable bracken carcinogen.
PubMed:Hepatic microsomal oxidation of styrene to 4-hydroxystyrene 7,8-glycol via 4-hydroxystyrene and its 7,8-oxide as short-lived intermediates.
PubMed:Contact allergy to styrene and related chemicals.
PubMed:Biological monitoring and health surveillance of workers exposed to styrene.
PubMed:Studies on metabolism and toxicity of styrene. IV. 1-Vinylbenzene 3, 4-oxide, a potent mutagen formed as a possible intermediate in the metabolism in vivo of styrene to 4-vinylphenol.
PubMed:4-Vinylphenol excretion suggestive of arene oxide formation in workers occupationally exposed to styrene.
PubMed:Arene oxides in styrene metabolism, a new perspective in styrene toxicity?
PubMed:The influence of heat on the aroma of cloudberries (rubus Chamaemorus l.).
PubMed:Prostaglandins and cannabias-V. identification of p-vinylphenol as a potent inhibitor of prostaglandin synthesis.
US Patents:Process for preparing vinyl phenol
PubMed:[Studies on the essential oil of green tea. I. Isolation of dihydroactinidiolide and p-vinylphenol].
 
Notes:
Flavour component of tea; flavouring ingredient 4-hydroxystyrene occurs frequently in different ciders, wines, foods and berries, e.g. cloudberry. Styrene is a prohapten metabolized in the skin by aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase (AHH, EC 1.14.14.1) to styrene epoxide acting as the true hapten. Styrene occurs in nature and as a synthetic product.(PMID: 6713846)
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