EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

hexyl valerate
valeric acid, hexyl ester

Supplier Sponsors

Name:hexyl pentanoate
CAS Number: 1117-59-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:214-248-4
Nikkaji Web:J184.201C
Beilstein Number:1760230
MDL:MFCD00053807
CoE Number:10696
XlogP3-AA:3.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:186.29474000
Formula:C11 H22 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
FLAVIS Number:09.583 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.583 hexyl valerate
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.86000 to 0.86500 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.164 to 7.206
Refractive Index:1.41800 to 1.42400 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -63.10 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 226.00 to 227.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.090000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 190.00 °F. TCC ( 87.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.352 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store under nitrogen.
Storage:refrigerate in tightly sealed containers. store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 10.87 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Similar Items:note
allyl valerate
allyl isovalerate
amyl valerate
amyl isovalerate
isoamyl valerate
isoamyl isovalerate
para-anisyl isovalerate
para-anisyl valerate
benzyl valerate
benzyl isovalerate
bornyl valerate
bornyl isovalerate
(-)-bornyl isovalerate
isobornyl isovalerate
S-sec-butyl thioisovalerate
butyl valerate
butyl isovalerate
isobutyl valerate
isobutyl isovalerate
carvyl isovalerate
cinnamyl valerate
cinnamyl isovalerate
citronellyl valerate
citronellyl isovalerate
para-cresyl valerate
para-cresyl isovalerate
cyclohexyl valerate
cyclohexyl isovalerate
cyclotene isovalerate
decyl valerate
decyl isovalerate
ethyl valerate
ethyl isovalerate
eugenyl isovalerate
furfuryl isovalerate
furfuryl valerate
geranyl valerate
geranyl isovalerate
(E)-2-hepten-1-yl isovalerate
heptyl isovalerate
sec-heptyl isovalerate
heptyl valerate
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl valerate
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl isovalerate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl valerate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl isovalerate
hexyl isovalerate
linalyl valerate
linalyl isovalerate
menthyl valerate
menthyl isovalerate
methyl 2-methyl valerate
methyl 4-methyl valerate
2-methyl butyl isovalerate
4-methyl pentyl isovalerate
methyl thio isovalerate
methyl valerate
methyl isovalerate
myrtenyl isovalerate
neryl isovalerate
nonyl isovalerate
nonyl valerate
octyl valerate
octyl isovalerate
phenethyl isovalerate
2-phenethyl valerate
3-phenyl propyl isovalerate
phenyl propyl valerate
S-prenyl thioisovalerate
isopropyl thioisovalerate
propyl valerate
propyl isovalerate
isopropyl valerate
isopropyl isovalerate
rhodinyl isovalerate
terpinyl isovalerate
terpinyl valerate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
oily fruity green brandy
Odor Description:oily fruity green brandy
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Bell Flavors & Fragrances
Hexyl Valerate
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Hexyl n-valerate
Ernesto Ventós
HEXYL VALERATE
Odor: HEAVY,GREEN APPLE,SWEET,MUSK
Grau Aromatics
HEXYL-VALERATE
NI, Kosher
Inoue Perfumery
HEXYL VALERATE
SRS Aromatics
HEXYL VALERATE
WholeChem
Hexyl valerate
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for hexyl valerate usage levels up to:
  4.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.79 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3900 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 7.0000035.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 5.0000025.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 10.0000050.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 7.0000035.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 5.0000025.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 20.00000100.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):1117-59-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :70694
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
hexyl pentanoate
Chemidplus:0001117595
 
References:
 hexyl pentanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:1117-59-5
Pubchem (cid):70694
Pubchem (sid):135028740
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
Export Tariff Code:2915.60.0000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
animal
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
anisic
amyl furoate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
fir carboxylate
FR
hexyl cinnamate
FR
citrus
(R)-
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus specialty
FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
ethereal
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
hexyl pivalate
FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetal
FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
cassis cyclohexene
FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
jasmin cyclopentanol
FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
(2-
methoxy-1-methyl propyl) benzene
FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower oil CO2 extract
FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
allyl oxy-1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl nonanoate
FL/FR
3-
butyl bicyclo[3.2.1]-6-octen-2-one
FR
iso
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
cinnamyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
1,4-
dibutyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
dodecyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionate
FR
ethyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
endo-
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FR
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
fig crotonate
FR
fruity butanate
FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-2-
heptanol
FL/FR
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
heptyl valerate
FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl octadienoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-al dimethyl acetal
FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
rhubarb undecane
FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical specialty
FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit water
FR
actinidia chinensis seed extract
CS
allyl phenethyl ether
FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
galbanum specialty
FR
green dioxolane
FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
herbal cyclohexane
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenyl methyl ether
FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
neogall
FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
iso
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
1-[(3aS,7aR)-3a,4,7,7a-
tetrahydro-1H-inden-6-yl]ethanone
FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
herbal
6-
methoxy-2,6-dimethyl octanal
FR
5-
methyl-3-heptanone
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
tagete oil india
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
minty
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
musk
musk nonane
FR
oily
petal pyranone
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate + 1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate
FR
sulfurous
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
waxy
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
winey
methyl 3-acetoxyoctanoate
FL/FR
woody
verdoxan
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit juice
FL
allyl levulinate
FL
allyl tiglate
FL
amyl furoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl octanoate
FL/FR
cinnamyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
2,5-
diethyl-4-propyl thiazole
FL
(±)-2,3-
dihydrofarnesol
FL/FR
dodecyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-(methyl thio) acetate
FL
ethyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)-5-heptene-2-carboxylate
FL/FR
geranyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
(R)-(-)-2-
heptanol
FL/FR
2-
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
(E)-2-
hexenal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
hexyl nonanoate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-acetoxyoctanoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-hydroxybutyrate
FL
4-
methyl 4-mercaptopentan-2-one 1% solution
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
5-
methyl hexanoic acid
FL
methyl octadienoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl-3-heptanone
FL
(E,E)-3,5-
octadien-2-one
FL
3-
octyl butyrate
FL
octyl octanoate
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
2,4-
heptadienal
FL
dairy
2-
pentyl acetate
FL/FR
earthy
1-
hexen-3-yl acetate
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
floral
cinnamyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl anthranilate
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute replacer
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenoic acid
FL
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E,E)-
ethyl sorbate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl lactate
FL/FR
kiwi distillates
FL
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
5-
methyl-3-heptanone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl hexanoate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
sorbyl butyrate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
green
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
green note propionate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
herbal
tagete oil india
FL/FR
minty
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
oily
petal pyranone
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
sour
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
winey
iso
amyl nonanoate
FL/FR
woody
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
(1S,5R)-
myrtenyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
None Found
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.19%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 4.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 hexyl n-valerate
1-hexyl N-valerate
 hexyl pentanoate
 hexyl valerianate
 hexyl-valerate
 pentanoic acid hexyl ester
 pentanoic acid, hexyl ester
 valeric acid hexyl ester
 valeric acid, hexyl ester
 

Articles:

PubMed:Identification of potent odourants in wine and brewed coffee using gas chromatography-olfactometry and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography.
PubMed:The teratogenic potencies of valproic acid derivatives and their effects on biological end-points are related to changes in histone deacetylase and Erk1/2 activities.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile components in Chinese traditional pickled peppers using HS-SPME-GC-MS, GC-O and multivariate analysis.
PubMed:Potent neuroprotective effects of novel structural derivatives of valproic acid: potential roles of HDAC inhibition and HSP70 induction.
PubMed:Toxicities of 31 volatile low molecular weight compounds against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus.
PubMed:A sensitive liquid chromatographic method for the analysis of isovaleric and valeric acids in urine as fluorescent derivatives.
PubMed:Metabolism of sameridine to monocarboxylated products by hepatocytes isolated from the male rat.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of straight-chain ester volatiles in red delicious and granny smith apples using deuterium-labeled precursors.
PubMed:Enhanced sensitivity to androstenone following regular exposure to pemenone.
PubMed:Substrate and inhibitor specificity of mevalonate kinase determined with substrate analogues.
PubMed:Stereoselective conjugation of 2-bromocarboxylic acids and their urea derivatives by rat liver glutathione transferase 12-12 and some other isoforms.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetic analysis of ester prodrugs of valproic acid.
PubMed:Chain length dependency of fatty acid and carbamate binding to serum albumin.
PubMed:Fatty acid omega and (omega-1)-Hydroxylation in rabbit intestinal mucosa microsomes.
 
Notes:
None found
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