laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
volatile oil obtained from the whole plant of the laurel, laurus nobilis l., lauraceae
 
Notes:
The laurel tree is a small unimpressive shrub or tree, originating in the eastern Mediterranean countries, or perhaps in Asia. It has been known for thousands of years, but the use of its leaves as a household culinary herb is a comparatively recent one. The tree, Laurus Nobilis, is cultivated in China, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey, Yugoslavia, U.S.S.R., Italy, Sardinia and France. Blends well with citrus oils and spice oils. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. laurus nobilis, lauraceae.
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Name: laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8007-48-5 
MDL: MFCD00677251
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
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FEMA Number: 2125  laurel leaf oil turkey
FDA Mainterm: BAY LEAVES, SWEET, OIL (LAURUS NOBILIS L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: green yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.90500 to 0.92900 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.531 to  7.730
Refractive Index: 1.46500 to 1.47000 @  20.00 °C.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 sweet  spicy  clove  herbal  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
sweet spicy clove herbal
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
refreshing agents
tonic
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Suppliers:
Indukern F&F
LAUREL LEAF OIL TURKEY
Odor: SWEET, SPICY, CLOVE, HERBAL
CROP CALENDAR
Liberty Natural Products
LAUREL LEAF TURKEY
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  330 uL/kg
Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol. 58, Pg. 9, 1997.

oral-mouse LD50  3310 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 22, Pg. 777, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
carvone Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <4.00 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
eugenol Max. Found: <2.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
estragol Max. Found: <0.10 % and Reason: Carcinogenicity
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -2.90000
condiments / relishes: -30.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.80000
fruit ices: -1.80000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -2.60000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8007-48-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
Chemidplus: 0008007485
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References:
 laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
Pubchem (sid): 135304193
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Other Information:
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
 Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
FAO: BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 bay laurel
Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
 bay laurel leaf oil turkey
sweet bay leaf oil turkey
 laurel leaf oil turkey
 volatile oil obtained from the whole plant of the laurel, laurus nobilis l., lauraceae
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Articles:
PubMed: Effects of herbal essential oil mixture as a dietary supplement on egg production in quail.
PubMed: Neuroprotective potential of Laurus nobilis antioxidant polyphenol-enriched leaf extracts.
PubMed: Coping with drought-induced xylem cavitation: coordination of embolism repair and ionic effects in three Mediterranean evergreens.
PubMed: Does short-term potassium fertilization improve recovery from drought stress in laurel?
PubMed: Laurel leaf extracts for honeybee pest and disease management: antimicrobial, microsporicidal, and acaricidal activity.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of Umbellularia californica and Laurus nobilis leaf essential oils and identification of constituents active against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Apolar Laurus nobilis leaf extracts induce cytotoxicity and apoptosis towards three nervous system cell lines.
PubMed: Molecular size fractions of bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) exhibit differentiated regulation of colorectal cancer cell growth in vitro.
PubMed: Aluminium phosphide-induced genetic and oxidative damages in vitro: attenuation by Laurus nobilis L. leaf extract.
PubMed: Cytoprotective and pro-apoptotic activities of native Australian herbs polyphenolic-rich extracts.
PubMed: Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.
PubMed: Acylated kaempferol glycosides from Laurus nobilis leaves and their inhibitory effects on Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase.
PubMed: Activity, polypeptide and gene identification of thylakoid Ndh complex in trees: potential physiological relevance of fluorescence assays.
PubMed: Aluminum phosphide-induced genetic and oxidative damages in rats: attenuation by Laurus nobilis leaf extract.
PubMed: Chemical polymorphism of essential oils from populations of Laurus nobilis grown on Tunisia, Algeria and France.
PubMed: Antidiarrheal activity of Laurus nobilis L. leaf extract in rats.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of Laurus nobilis L. (Lauraceae) leaves and seeds essential oils against K562 human chronic myelogenous leukaemia cells.
PubMed: Antimicrobial sesquiterpenoids from Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Uniformity trials in plant freezing assays involving microtitre plates.
PubMed: Short-term effects of potassium fertilization on the hydraulic conductance of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Gastroprotective effect and antioxidant properties of different Laurus nobilis L. leaf extracts.
PubMed: Spirafolide from bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) prevents dopamine-induced apoptosis by decreasing reactive oxygen species production in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo effects of Laurus nobilis L. leaf extracts.
PubMed: Phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of Laurus nobilis L. leaf infusion.
PubMed: A biosensor based on Bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.) tissue homogenate: improvement of the stability characteristics by a simple bio-imprinted technique.
PubMed: Short- and long-term modulation of the lutein epoxide and violaxanthin cycles in two species of the Lauraceae: sweet bay laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) and avocado (Persea americana Mill.).
PubMed: Bactericidal activity of black pepper, bay leaf, aniseed and coriander against oral isolates.
PubMed: Evaluation of wound healing activity of Allamanda cathartica. L. and Laurus nobilis. L. extracts on rats.
PubMed: A simple method to obtain essential oils from Salvia triloba L. and Laurus nobilis L. by using microwave-assisted hydrodistillation.
PubMed: Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis Linn.
PubMed: Effect of drying method on the volatiles in bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.).
PubMed: Preliminary evaluation of cytotoxic properties of Laurus nobilis leaf extracts.
PubMed: Anticonvulsant activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis against pentylenetetrazole- and maximal electroshock-induced seizures.
PubMed: Alcohol absorption inhibitors from bay leaf (Laurus nobilis): structure-requirements of sesquiterpenes for the activity.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of sesquiterpenes from bay leaf on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages: structure requirement and role of heat shock protein induction.
PubMed: Preventive effect of sesquiterpenes from bay leaf on blood ethanol elevation in ethanol-loaded rat: structure requirement and suppression of gastric emptying.
PubMed: Air pollution effects on the guard cells of the injury resistant leaf of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter.
PubMed: Air pollution effects on the leaf structure of Laurus nobilis, an injury resistant species.
PubMed: Effects of Laurus nobilis (Lauraceae) on Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818).
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