EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

spearmint oil america
mentha spicata herb oil america

Sponsors

Name:mentha spicata l. herb oil
CAS Number: 8008-79-5
MDL:MFCD00148459
Also Contains:mentha spicata herb extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number:3032 spearmint oil native
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: SPEARMINT, OIL (MENTHA SPICATA L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.230 Microcapsules for flavoring substances.


FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.91700 to 0.93400 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.630 to 7.772
Refractive Index:1.47900 to 1.48900 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-48.00 to -59.00
Boiling Point: 220.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 148.00 °F. TCC ( 64.44 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 paraffin oil
 propylene glycol
 water, 367.1 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 shampoo
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:36 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh spearmint carvone
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fresh spearmint carvone
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
fresh green cooling spicy carvone sweet clean candy
Odor Description:at 5.00 %. Fresh green, cooling, spicy, carvone, sweet, clean with a candy afternote
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 24, No. 1, 13, (1999)
Flavor Type: minty
fresh green spearmint cooling candy leafy spicy wintergreen
Taste Description: at 25.00 ppm. Fresh green spearmint, cooling, candy, leafy, spicy with a wintergreen afternote.
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 24, No. 1, 13, (1999)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Artiste
Spearmint Oil Native
Berjé
Spearmint Oil Native
Happening at Berje
Bontoux
SPEARMINT OIL NATIVE
Bristol Botanicals
Spearmint essential oil Mentha spicata, America
Charabot
Spearmint USA oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Aromatic, fresh, green, sugary
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Spearmint First Cutting FCC (native variety)
Market Report
Elixens America
Spearmint Farwest Native Oil USA
100% Pure and Natural
Fleurchem
spearmint oil native
George Uhe Company
Spearmint Oil America
Available in FCC
Kanta Enterprises
Spearmint Native Oil
Lionel Hitchen
Spearmint (US) Oil
Naturex
Spearmint Oil
NAT arom®, in Ez-Caps™, AquaReady™ or Classic forms
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Spearmint Oil Native Farwest
Robertet
Spearmint USA oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Aromatic, fresh, green, sugary
The Good Scents Company
spearmint oil america
Odor: fresh spearmint carvone
The John D. Walsh Company
Spearmint Oil, Native
The Lebermuth Company
Spearmint Far West Native
The Lebermuth Company
Spearmint Organic Oil
The Lebermuth Company
Spearmint Redistilled
The Lermond Company
Spearmint Oil, Native Natural
The Perfumers Apprentice
Spearmint (USA) J.Steele
Treatt
Organic Spearmint Oil American
Treatt
Spearmint Oil American
Vigon International
Spearmint Oil Native
Odor: CHARACTERISTIC SPEARMINT
Wanxiang International
East Spearmint Oil 60%
Odor: fresh spearmint carvone
Wanxiang International
East Spearmint Oil 80%
Odor: fresh spearmint carvone
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
Precautionary statement(s)
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 871, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
1-octen-3-yl acetate Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
carvone Max. Found: <70.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: trace to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for spearmint oil america usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 26
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 1055.000001320.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 110.00000140.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 120.00000155.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 8000.0000024000.00000
condiments / relishes: 50.00000250.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 50.00000130.00000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: 90.0000095.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 5000.0000010000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: 72.000001900.00000
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: 66670.0000066670.00000
snack foods: --
soft candy: 5000.0000010000.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: 40.0000090.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance plant oils/spearmint oil
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of carvone, considering all sources of exposure
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8008-79-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2319
WGK Germany:2
mentha spicata l. herb oil
Chemidplus:0008008795
RTECS:WG7360000 for cas# 8008-79-5
 
References:
 mentha spicata l. herb oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8008-79-5
Pubchem (sid):135335129
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.25.5020
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
anise
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
caramellic
rosefuran
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
limonene oxide
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
ethereal
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
floral
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propanol
FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl cyclohexyl methyl acetate
FR
floral pyranol
FR
gardenia oxide
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil china
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
leerall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenyl propyl phenyl acetate
FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
fruity
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)
FR
chrysanthemum carbaldehyde
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil.) spain
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract indian
FL/FR
dill seed oil indian
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
licorice
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
mentholic
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
(4R,6R)-
carveol
FL/FR
laevo-
carveol
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
cis-
carvone-5,6-oxide
FL/FR
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb extract
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb tincture
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb water
FL/FR
mentha spicata leaf extract
FL/FR
trans-para-
menthan-2-one
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
peppermint oil america
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
spearmint essence
FL/FR
spearmint fragrance
FR
spearmint oil
FL/FR
spearmint oil china
FL/FR
spearmint oil scotch
FL/FR
spearmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
spearmint oil terpenes
FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
carvacrol
FL/FR
trans-
carveol
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
mango thiol
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
mint lactone
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
woody
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
santall
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
trans-
carveol
FL/FR
(4R,6R)-
carveol
FL/FR
laevo-
carveol
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
ethyl 2-methyl-2-(methyl thio) propionate
FL
limonene oxide
FL/FR
cis+trans-para-1(7)8-
menthadien-2-yl acetate
FL
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
rosefuran
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
truffle sulfide
FL
anise
(E)-
anethol
FL/FR
anise seed oil colombia
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
coffee
2-iso
propyl pyrazine
FL
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
peppermint oil america
FL/FR
creamy
mint lactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil china
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl anthranilate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
3,5,5-
trimethyl hexanol
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
juicy
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
mentholic
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
cis-
carvone-5,6-oxide
FL/FR
carvyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb extract
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb tincture
FL/FR
mentha spicata herb water
FL/FR
mentha spicata leaf extract
FL/FR
trans-para-
menthan-2-one
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenal
FL/FR
peppermint absolute
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
spearmint distillates
FL
spearmint essence
FL/FR
spearmint flavor
FL
spearmint herb
FL
spearmint oil
FL/FR
spearmint oil china
FL/FR
spearmint oil scotch
FL/FR
spearmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
spicy
carvacrol
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract indian
FL/FR
dill seed oil indian
FL/FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
4-
methoxy-2-methyl butane thiol
FL/FR
tea
white
tea peach spearmint flavor
FL
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
waxy
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
woody
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dihydro-beta-ionone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRfern
FRherbal
FRjasmin
FRlavender
FRmint
FRspearmint
FRspice
 windsor soap
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 spearmint
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 mentha crispa herb oil america
 mentha spicata herb oil america
 mentha viridis herb oil america
 oil spearmint first cutting FCC (native variety)
 spearmint essential oil mentha spicata, america
 spearmint far west native
 spearmint farwest native oil USA
natural oil of spearmint farwest native type
east spearmint oil 60%
east spearmint oil 80%
 spearmint oil america
 spearmint oil american
organic spearmint oil american
 spearmint oil mwn
 spearmint oil mws
 spearmint oil native
 spearmint oil, native
 spearmint oil, native natural
 spearmint usa EO
 

Articles:

PubMed:Growth performance and antioxidant enzyme activities in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles fed diets supplemented with sage, mint and thyme oils.
PubMed:Next generation sequencing unravels the biosynthetic ability of Spearmint ( Mentha spicata ) peltate glandular trichomes through comparative transcriptomics.
PubMed:Acaricidal activities against house dust mites of spearmint oil and its constituents.
PubMed:Secondary metabolites isolation in natural products chemistry: comparison of two semipreparative chromatographic techniques (high pressure liquid chromatography and high performance thin-layer chromatography).
PubMed:[Correlation between the output and composition of essential oil and the level of salicylic acid in mint plants at different ontogenetic stages].
PubMed:Nematicidal activity of mint aqueous extracts against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita.
PubMed:Increased seizure latency and decreased severity of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in mice after essential oil administration.
PubMed:Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from Mentha spicata and Mentha × piperita in chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting.
PubMed:(-)-Carvone: antispasmodic effect and mode of action.
PubMed:Postharvest management affects spearmint and calamint essential oils.
PubMed:Hydrodistillation and in situ microwave-generated hydrodistillation of fresh and dried mint leaves: a comparison study.
PubMed:Retrospective study of oral lichen planus and allergy to spearmint oil.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of commercially available essential oils against Streptococcus mutans.
PubMed:Repellent activities of some Labiatae plant essential oils against the saltmarsh mosquito Ochlerotatus caspius (Pallas, 1771) (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Mentha spicata (Linn.) against three mosquito species.
PubMed:Chemical diversity in Mentha spicata: antioxidant and potato sprout inhibition activity of its essential oils.
PubMed:Medicinal plants as antiemetics in the treatment of cancer: a review.
PubMed:[Effect of spearmint oil on lipopolysaccharide induced emphysema-like changes and expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9].
PubMed:Effect of distillation waste water and plant hormones on spearmint growth and composition.
PubMed:A flexible loop-type flow modulator for comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography.
PubMed:Comparative evaluation of garlic extract mouthwash and chlorhexidine mouthwash on salivary Streptococcus mutans count - an in vitro study.
PubMed:Antibacterial effects of the essential oils of commonly consumed medicinal herbs using an in vitro model.
PubMed:Yield, content, and composition of peppermint and spearmints as a function of harvesting time and drying.
PubMed:Activities of ten essential oils towards Propionibacterium acnes and PC-3, A-549 and MCF-7 cancer cells.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal evaluation of Mentha, Salvia, and Melissa essential oils against the West Nile virus mosquito Culex pipiens.
PubMed:Mint essential oil can induce or inhibit potato sprouting by differential alteration of apical meristem.
PubMed:Productivity and quality of volatile oil extracted from Mentha spicata and M. arvensis var. piperascens grown by a hydroponic system using the deep flow technique.
PubMed:The effect of Mentha spicata and Eucalyptus camaldulensis essential oils on dental biofilm.
PubMed:Characterization of the harmful effect of olive mill wastewater on spearmint.
PubMed:Nonlinear dynamical analysis of the effect by six stimuli on electroencephalogram.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities.
PubMed:Mint oil (Mentha spicata Linn.) offers behavioral radioprotection: a radiation-induced conditioned taste aversion study.
PubMed:[Effect of Spearmint oil on inflammation, oxidative alteration and Nrf2 expression in lung tissue of COPD rats].
PubMed:Expression of spearmint limonene synthase in transgenic spike lavender results in an altered monoterpene composition in developing leaves.
PubMed:Microwave hydrodiffusion and gravity, a new technique for extraction of essential oils.
PubMed:Monoterpene metabolism. Cloning, expression, and characterization of (-)-isopiperitenol/(-)-carveol dehydrogenase of peppermint and spearmint.
PubMed:Contact allergy to spearmint oil in a patient with oral lichen planus.
PubMed:Organization of monoterpene biosynthesis in Mentha. Immunocytochemical localizations of geranyl diphosphate synthase, limonene-6-hydroxylase, isopiperitenol dehydrogenase, and pulegone reductase.
PubMed:Piperitenone oxide as toxic, repellent, and reproduction retardant toward malarial vector Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Anophelinae).
PubMed:Suppression of neutrophil recruitment in mice by geranium essential oil.
PubMed:Molecular evaluation of a spearmint mutant altered in the expression of limonene hydroxylases that direct essential oil monoterpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Medicinal and aromatic plant materials as nitrification inhibitors for augmenting yield and nitrogen uptake of Japanese mint (Mentha arvensis L. Var. Piperascens).
PubMed:Inhibition by the essential oils of peppermint and spearmint of the growth of pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed:Different stereoselectivity in the reduction of pulegone by Mentha species.
PubMed:(3R)-Linalool synthase from Artemisia annua L.: cDNA isolation, characterization, and wound induction.
PubMed:Mentha x piperita, Mentha spicata and Effects of Their Essential Oils on Meloidogyne in Soil.
PubMed:Purification and characterization of an NADPH-cytochrome P450 (cytochrome c) reductase from spearmint (Mentha spicata) glandular trichomes.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of an active-site peptide from a monoterpene cyclase labeled with a mechanism-based inhibitor.
PubMed:4S-limonene synthase from the oil glands of spearmint (Mentha spicata). cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of the catalytically active monoterpene cyclase.
PubMed:Induction and Characterization of a Cytochrome P-450-Dependent Camphor Hydroxylase in Tissue Cultures of Common Sage (Salvia officinalis).
PubMed:Production and characterization of polyclonal antibodies in rabbits to 4S-limonene synthase from spearmint (Mentha spicata).
PubMed:Monoterpene biosynthesis: specificity of the hydroxylations of (-)-limonene by enzyme preparations from peppermint (Mentha piperita), spearmint (Mentha spicata), and perilla (Perilla frutescens) leaves.
PubMed:Demonstration that limonene is the first cyclic intermediate in the biosynthesis of oxygenated p-menthane monoterpenes in Mentha piperita and other Mentha species.
 
Notes:
The story of the spearmint is quite an amusing one. The plant Mentha Spicata originated in Europe, was introduced into the U.S.A. and is now one of the most important essential oil bearing plants of the U.S.A. Spearmint Oil is produced by steam distillation of the flowering tops of the plants, which are partially dried prior to distillation. The distillation is carried out in the fields in stills. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. mentha spicata, labiatae and occasionally mentha cardiaca, labiatae.
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