para-cresol
4-hydroxytoluene
 
Notes:
Present in blackcurrant buds, asparagus, cooked cured pork, black tea, fermented tea, yellow passion fruit juice, malt, peated malt, kumazasa (Sasa albo-marginata), lamb's lettuce, squid and cuttlefish. Flavouring ingredient
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
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      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      para Cresol
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
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      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
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      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      P-Cresol
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      para-CRESOL
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      123846 P-CRESOL
       
  • Natural Advantage
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-52800 p-CRESOL, Kosher
      03-52805 p-CRESOL 1% IN ETHANOL, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • PerfumersWorld
    • PerfumersWorld Ltd.
      feeeel... the smell!
      The one-stop resource for the creative perfumer.
      No minimum orders. Aroma chemicals, essential oils, isolates, pheremones, absolutes, resinoids, FleuressenceTM key bases, PWx FactorTM, solubilizers, kits, creation systems, workshops, training, distance learning, The PerfumersWorld Perfumer's Studio, The Perfumer’s Formulation Bulletin, perfumery software, bespoke creation, analysis, consultancy, project counselling, trouble-shooting, unperfumed product bases, bottles, smelling strips, scales, distillation, equipment and inspiration!
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +66(0)2-99-800-80
      Fax: +66(0)2-99-800-80
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      Software: Perfumer's Workbook
      Product(s):
      9PP00348 para-Cresol
      Blends-well-with - +Cananga +Castoreum
       
      5PP11272 para-Cresol 10% in DPG
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      para-CRESOL > 99
       
  • Riverside Aromatics
    • Riverside Aromatics Ltd.
      Speciality Aroma Chemicals, Naturals and Synthetics
      Specialist raw material suppliers to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry.
      Peter Cannon & David Rowe established Riverside Aromatics in 2006 in Poole, UK, to offer a new type of specialist raw material supplier to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry. We bring together over 40 years of commercial & technical experience in the F&F industry which allows us to understand the needs of the Global F&F business and especially that of the West European Market.
      Email: Info
      Email: Peter Cannon (sales)
      Voice: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Fax: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Library
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      NC5001 p-Cresol, Natural, 1% In PG
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
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      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W233706 p-Cresol, ≥99%, FG
      SDS
       
  • Taytonn
    • TAYTONN PTE LTD
      Supplying Asia Pacific
      We fully understand the demands of the F&F industry and we endeavour to supply quality products, with ready availability and a personalised service.
      Since 2001 TAYTONN has been distributing key ingredients to the Fragrance and Flavor industry in Asia. We work closely with customers, principals and vendors. Together we forecast demand and match it with supply of aroma chemicals, essential oils and natural isolates & extracts. Sourced from around the world, our F&F ingredient inventory in Singapore is ready to ship to any location in Asia and beyond. Time and again, we help our principals introduce new discoveries to the F&F market - stimulating creativity and bringing value added proposition to our customers.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: + 65 - 6861 8113
      Fax: + 65 - 6861 8115
      Product(s):
      para-Cresol
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
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      Product(s):
      C0400 p-Cresol >99.0%(GC)
       
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      502603 Cresol Para Pure
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
4-methylphenol (Click)
CAS Number: 106-44-5Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 203-398-6
FDA UNII: 1MXY2UM8NV
Nikkaji Web: J1.185A
Beilstein Number: 1305151
MDL: MFCD00002376
CoE Number: 619
XlogP3: 1.90 (est)
Molecular Weight: 108.13996000
Formula: C7 H8 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 693  p-cresol
Flavis Number: 04.028 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 04.028  4-methylphenol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: 4-methylphenol
FEMA Number: 2337  p-cresol
FDA Mainterm: P-CRESOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart C--Substances for Use Only as Components of Articles Intended for Repeated Use
Sec. 177.2410 Phenolic resins in molded articles.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white crystals (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 32.00 to  35.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 201.80 to  202.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 121.00 to  122.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.110000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.72 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 193.00 °F. TCC ( 89.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.940
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 2.15E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: phenolic
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 0.10 % solution or less
 phenolic  narcissus  animal  mimosa  
Odor Description:
at 0.10 % in dipropylene glycol. 
phenolic narcissus animal mimosa
Luebke, William tgsc, (1981)
 phenolic  
Taste Description:
phenolic
Substantivity: 400 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antimicrobial agents
perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Aceto
p-Cresol
Augustus Oils
para Cresol
Services
Berjé
P-Cresol
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
para-Cresol
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cresol
Keva
PARACRESOL (Perf Gr)
Lluch Essence
para-CRESOL
Moellhausen
P-CRESOL
Odor: powerful phenolic, on dilution floral, somewhat daffodil-like
Flavor: powerful cresylic
Natural Advantage
p-Cresol Nat, 1% in OH
Natural Advantage
p-Cresol Nat, 1% in PG
Natural Advantage
p-Cresol Nat, 10% in Triacetin
Natural Advantage
p-Cresol Nat
Penta International
p-CRESOL 1% IN ETHANOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
p-CRESOL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
para-Cresol 10% in DPG
PerfumersWorld
para-Cresol
Odor: phenolic narcissus mimosa powerful phenolic floral daffodil narcissus
Use: Blends-well-with - +Cananga +Castoreum
Prodasynth
para-CRESOL > 99
Odor: PHENOL, ANIMALIC, NARCISSUS, MIMOSA
Reincke & Fichtner
p-Cresol
Riverside Aromatics
p-Cresol, Natural, 1% In PG
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Cresol, ≥99%, FG
Odor: medicinal
Certified Food Grade Products
Taytonn
para-Cresol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cresol >99.0%(GC)
Vigon International
Cresol Para Pure
Odor: TARRY-SMOKY, MEDICINAL, PHENOLIC
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
T - Toxic.
R 24/25 - Toxic in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 34 - Causes burns.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 22 - Do not breath dust.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 3), H301
Acute toxicity, Dermal (Category 3), H311
Skin corrosion (Category 1B), H314
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H401
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 2), H411
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramcorrosion.jpgskull.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H301 - Toxic if swallowed
H311 - Toxic in contact with skin
H314 - Causes severe skin burns and eye damage
H401 - Toxic to aquatic life
H411 - Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P260 - Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P310 - IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301 + P330 + P331 - IF SWALLOWED: Rinse mouth. Do NOT induce vomiting.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P310 - Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P361 - Remove/Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
P363 - Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  207 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD GASTROINTESTINAL: ULCERATION OR BLEEDING FROM STOMACH SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER CHANGES: OLFACTION
BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. Vol. 5-5/1969

oral-mouse LD50  344 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(2), Pg. 58, 1974.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  25 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 58, 1959.

unreported-mouse LD50  160 mg/kg
British Journal of Cancer. Vol. 6, Pg. 160, 1952.

oral-rabbit LDLo  620 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 80, Pg. 233, 1944.

unreported-rat LD50  1440 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'naya Patologiya v Estonskoi SSR. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Pathology in the Estonian SSR. Vol. 8, Pg. 145, 1972.

intravenous-rabbit LDLo  180 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 80, Pg. 233, 1944.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 301 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS
BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. Vol. 5-5/1969

skin-rat LD50 750 mg/kg
Gigiena Truda i Professional'nye Zabolevaniya. Labor Hygiene and Occupational Diseases. Vol. 18(2), Pg. 58, 1974.

subcutaneous-cat LDLo 80 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 80, Pg. 233, 1944.

subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 150 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1361, 1935.

subcutaneous-rabbit LDLo 300 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1361, 1935.

subcutaneous-rat LDLo 500 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 58, 1959.

subcutaneous-frog LDLo 150 mg/kg
"Abdernalden's Handbuch der Biologischen Arbeitsmethoden." Vol. 4, Pg. 1361, 1935.

subcutaneous-guinea pig LDLo 200 mg/kg
"Handbook of Toxicology," 4 vols., Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co., 1956-59Vol. 5, Pg. 58, 1959.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 > 710 mg/m3/1H
BIOFAX Industrial Bio-Test Laboratories, Inc., Data Sheets. Vol. 5-5/1969

Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for para-cresol usage levels up to:
  0.0500 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.97 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 1.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 0.010002.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.67000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 0.010001.00000
fruit ices: 0.010001.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 0.010002.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 22 (FGE.22): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 58 (FGE.58) Consideration of phenol derivatives evaluated by JECFA (55th meeting) structurally related to ring substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 60 (FGE.60): Consideration of eugenol and related hydroxyallylbenzene derivatives evaluated by JECFA (65th meeting) structurally related to ring- substituted phenolic substances evaluated by EFSA in FGE.22 (2006)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 22, Revision 1 (FGE.22Rev1): Ring-substituted phenolic substances from chemical groups 21 and 25
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of phenol derivatives containing ring-alkyl, ring-alkoxy and side-chains with an oxygenated functional group (chemical group 25) when used as flavourings for all species
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
EPA-Iris: IRIS
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NIOSH Pocket Guide: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 106-44-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 2879
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 3455
WGK Germany: 2
 4-methylphenol
Chemidplus: 0000106445
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 106-44-5
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 4-methylphenol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 106-44-5
Pubchem (cid): 2879
Pubchem (sid): 134971768
Flavornet: 106-44-5
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C01468
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB01858
FooDB: FDB008789
Export Tariff Code: 2907.12.0000
Haz-Map: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: technical: 98%, 99.0% minimum purity ... •pure cresol is a mixture of ortho-, meta- & para-isomers. crude cresol (commercial cresol) is a mixture of aromatic cmpd containing about 20% of o-cresol, 40% of m-cresol, & 30% of p-cresol with small amt of phenol & xylenols. •generally, m- and p- isomers are used industrially as a mixture containing 40% to 65% m-cresol.
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
2-pentenyl furan 
animal
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 indoleFL/FR
 indoletalFR
anisic
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 estragoleFL/FR
balsamic
 geranyl benzoateFL/FR
 guaiacyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 prenyl benzoateFL/FR
 propyl cinnamateFL/FR
 terpinyl benzoateFR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl cinnamateFL/FR
coconut
 tetrahydrojasmoneFR
creamy
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
fatty
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
 hexanoic acidFL/FR
floral
 acetophenoneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetalFR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl cyclopentanone propanoneFR
 amyl cyclopentenoneCS
para-anisaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
para-anisaldehyde dimethyl acetalFR
 anisyl propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 autumn carboxylateFR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 champaca absoluteFR
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dihydroisojasmonate methyl esterFR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
2',4'-dimethyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl propionateFR
2,4-dimethyl cyclohexyl methyl acetateFR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 freesia acetateFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 herbal pyranFR
 hexahydrofarnesyl acetoneFL/FR
 hexenyl cyclopentanoneFR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-hexylidene cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 honeysuckle absoluteFR
 jasmin absolute (from chassis)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute sambacFL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 jasmin cyclopentanolFR
 jasmin cyclopentanoneFR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 jasmin pyranolFR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
para-jasmoneFR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 magnolia indeneFR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
(Z)-methyl epi-jasmonateFL/FR
 methyl jasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa heptanalFR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 ocean propanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
2-pentadecanoneFL/FR
 pentenyl cyclopentanoneFR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 peony alcoholFR
 petitgrain mandarin oilFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
4-phenyl-2-butanolFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 reseda acetalFR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tea acetateFR
 tuberose acetateFR
fruity
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 berry hexanoateFR
 decen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 diethyl succinateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrateFR
 fleuramone (IFF)FR
 fruity cyclopentanoneFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
2-hexenyl cyclopentanyl acetateFR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
 peach nitrileFR
 pear valerateFR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
fungal
 jasmin nonaneFR
green
 benzyl hexanoateFL/FR
2-isobutyl thiazoleFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
 cumin acetaldehydeFL/FR
isogreen methanoindeneFR
3-hexenalFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy dioxolaneFR
 leafy oximeFR
 narcissus flower absoluteFR
 phenethyl acetalFR
 phenoxyacetaldehyde 50% in benzyl alcoholFR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
 privet dioxaneFR
isopropyl quinolineFR
herbal
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 herbal carbonateFR
 safranalFL/FR
 thymolFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 yerba mate absoluteFL/FR
honey
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
naphthyl
para-methyl anisoleFL/FR
nutty
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
 resorcinolFR
phenolic
meta-cresyl acetateFL/FR
ortho-guaiacolFL/FR
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
2,3-xylenolFL/FR
2,5-xylenolFL/FR
smoky
4-ethyl phenolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 allspice leaf oilFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
ortho-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 spicy acetoacetateFL/FR
vanilla
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
woody
 guaiacyl acetateFL/FR
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
4-isopropyl phenolFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 benzyl hexanoateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 chrysanthemum oxideFL/FR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
 cumin acetaldehydeFL/FR
2,6-dimethoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL
2',4'-dimethyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 geranyl benzoateFL/FR
 hexahydrofarnesyl acetoneFL/FR
2-hexylidene cyclopentanoneFL/FR
4'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
4-phenyl-2-butanolFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
 prenyl benzoateFL/FR
 styralyl formateFL/FR
 styralyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 tetrahydrofurfuryl cinnamateFL/FR
alpha-butyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 gelsone (IFF)FL/FR
animal
 indoleFL/FR
aromatic
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
burnt
4-isopropyl phenolFL/FR
cheesy
 hexanoic acidFL/FR
citrus
 petitgrain mandarin oilFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
 creamy lactoneFL/FR
 jasmin pyranoneFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 waxy lactoneFL/FR
earthy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
2-pentadecanoneFL/FR
fishy
3-penten-2-oneFL
floral
 cananga oilFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl anthranilateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from chassis)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute sambacFL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
(Z)-methyl epi-jasmonateFL/FR
 methyl jasmonateFL/FR
bitter orangeflower absolute moroccoFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
fruity
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl butyrateFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 decen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 diethyl succinateFL/FR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 octen-1-yl cyclopentanoneFL/FR
 prenyl acetateFL/FR
 propyl cinnamateFL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
green
2-isobutyl thiazoleFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
3-decen-2-oneFL/FR
2-ethyl-5-methyl thiopheneFL
3-hexenalFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
isojasmoneFL/FR
 phenethyl formateFL/FR
3-phenyl propionaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 yerba mate absoluteFL/FR
honey
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diisobutyl acetalFL/FR
isopropyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
leathery
 castoreum absoluteFL/FR
licorice
 estragoleFL/FR
meaty
4-allyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL
 phenyl mercaptanFL
medicinal
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
musty
2,5-xylenolFL/FR
naphthyl
2'-hydroxyacetophenoneFL/FR
para-methyl anisoleFL/FR
nutty
 nutty cyclohexenoneFL/FR
phenolic
meta-cresyl acetateFL/FR
2-ethyl benzene thiolFL
 guaiacyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
4-methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenolFL/FR
2-pentenyl furan 
 phenyl pyruvic acidFL/FR
 propyl 2-furoateFL
 thymolFL/FR
4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
2,3-xylenolFL/FR
powdery
 acetophenoneFL/FR
smoky
4-ethyl phenolFL/FR
2-methoxy-4-vinyl phenolFL/FR
 prosopis juliflora wood extractFL
spicy
 allspice berry oilFL/FR
 allspice leaf oilFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
isoeugenolFL/FR
ortho-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 spicy acetoacetateFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
 vanillin propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
vegetable
 tyramineFL
waxy
 allyl nonanoateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmone lactoneFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 octyl butyrateFL/FR
woody
ortho-guaiacolFL/FR
 guaiacyl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 castoreumFR
 chickenFL
 coffeeFR
 floralFR
 jasminFR
 leather russianFR
 mimosaFR
 muskFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 nutFL
 olive 
 soybean 
 tea greenFR
 vanillaFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 algae sea algae
Search  Picture
 almond flower
Search Trop  Picture
 anise
Search Trop  Picture
 anise plant
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed
Search Trop  Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 ayou wood oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 butter
Search  Picture
 cananga oil china @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry plant
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee arabica coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 coffee roasted coffee
Search  Picture
 gingergrass oil @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ham
PbMd  Search  Picture
 honey buckwheat honey
PbMd  Search  Picture
 jasmin
Search  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 0.96%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin oil italy @ 1.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 morus spp.
Search Trop  Picture
 mustard white mustard
Search Trop  Picture
 olive oil
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry plant
Search  Picture
 tamarind fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
4-cresol
p-cresol
p-cresol natural
 cresol para pure
p-cresylic acid
para-cresylic acid
1-hydroxy-4-methyl benzene
1-hydroxy-4-methylbenzene
4-hydroxytoluene
p-hydroxytoluene
para-hydroxytoluene
p-methyl hydroxybenzene
para-methyl hydroxybenzene
4-methyl phenol
p-methyl phenol
para-methyl phenol
1-methyl-4-hydroxybenzene
4-methylphenol
p-methylphenol
p-oxytoluene
para-oxytoluene
p-toluol
para-toluol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Determination of the importance of in-mouth release of volatile phenol glycoconjugates to the flavor of smoke-tainted wines.
PubMed: Effect of ubiquinol-10 on citral stability and off-flavor formation in oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions.
PubMed: Contribution of several volatile phenols and their glycoconjugates to smoke-related sensory properties of red wine.
PubMed: Mechanisms of flavor release in chewing gum: cinnamaldehyde.
PubMed: Aroma components of American country ham.
PubMed: Characterization of odorants causing an atypical aroma in white pepper powder (Piper nigrum L.) based on quantitative measurements and orthonasal breakthrough thresholds.
PubMed: Aroma compounds in sweet whey powder.
PubMed: Laboratory-evolved vanillyl-alcohol oxidase produces natural vanillin.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of British Farmhouse Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Cloud-point extraction and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography for analysis of phenolic compounds and their antioxidant activity in Thai local wines.
PubMed: Determination of the importance of in-mouth release of volatile phenol glycoconjugates to the flavor of smoke-tainted wines.
PubMed: Metabonomic analysis of quercetin against the toxicity of chronic exposure to low-level dichlorvos in rats via ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A new method for preconcentration and determination of mercury in fish, shellfish and saliva by cold vapour atomic absorption spectrometry.
PubMed: Effect of uremic serum and uremic toxins on drug metabolism in human microsomes.
PubMed: Effect of ubiquinol-10 on citral stability and off-flavor formation in oil-in-water (O/W) nanoemulsions.
PubMed: Identification of volatile compounds from a food-grade vinegar attractive to house flies (Diptera: Muscidae).
PubMed: Microbial-mammalian cometabolites dominate the age-associated urinary metabolic phenotype in Taiwanese and American populations.
PubMed: Metabolic profiling of the impact of oligofructose-enriched inulin in Crohn's disease patients: a double-blinded randomized controlled trial.
PubMed: Modulation of protein fermentation does not affect fecal water toxicity: a randomized cross-over study in healthy subjects.
PubMed: Ovariectomized mouse uterotrophic assay of 36 chemicals.
PubMed: Effects of potato fiber and potato-resistant starch on biomarkers of colonic health in rats fed diets containing red meat.
PubMed: Effects of corn processing method and dietary inclusion of corn wet distillers grains with solubles on odor and gas production in cattle manure.
PubMed: The production of p-cresol sulfate and indoxyl sulfate in vegetarians versus omnivores.
PubMed: Rapid discrimination and characterization of vanilla bean extracts by attenuated total reflection infrared spectroscopy and selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Impact of short-term intake of red wine and grape polyphenol extract on the human metabolome.
PubMed: Contribution of several volatile phenols and their glycoconjugates to smoke-related sensory properties of red wine.
PubMed: Consumption of breads containing in situ-produced arabinoxylan oligosaccharides alters gastrointestinal effects in healthy volunteers.
PubMed: Relevance of protein fermentation to gut health.
PubMed: An arabinoxylan-rich fraction from wheat enhances caecal fermentation and protects colonocyte DNA against diet-induced damage in pigs.
PubMed: Effect of dietary nitrogen content on the urine metabolite profile of dairy cows assessed by nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based metabolomics.
PubMed: Functional analysis of colonic bacterial metabolism: relevant to health?
PubMed: Effects of frozen storage and vacuum packaging on free fatty acid and volatile composition of Turkish Motal cheese.
PubMed: Carrion mimicry in a South African orchid: flowers attract a narrow subset of the fly assemblage on animal carcasses.
PubMed: High-protein/high red meat and high-carbohydrate weight-loss diets do not differ in their effect on faecal water genotoxicity tested by use of the WIL2-NS cell line and with other biomarkers of bowel health.
PubMed: p-Cresol and cardiovascular risk in mild-to-moderate kidney disease.
PubMed: Radical-scavenging activity and cytotoxicity of p-methoxyphenol and p-cresol dimers.
PubMed: Interaction of phenol, o-cresol, and p-cresol with a clay-rich soil sample.
PubMed: Tolerance of arabinoxylan-oligosaccharides and their prebiotic activity in healthy subjects: a randomised, placebo-controlled cross-over study.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma-active compounds, sensory properties, and proteolysis in Ezine cheese.
PubMed: Radiation metabolomics. 3. Biomarker discovery in the urine of gamma-irradiated rats using a simplified metabolomics protocol of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry combined with random forests machine learning algorithm.
PubMed: p-Cresol inhibits IL-12 production by murine macrophages stimulated with bacterial immunostimulant.
PubMed: Dose-response effect of arabinoxylooligosaccharides on gastrointestinal motility and on colonic bacterial metabolism in healthy volunteers.
PubMed: Measurement of phenol and p-cresol in urine and feces using vacuum microdistillation and high-performance liquid chromatography.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Aroma components of American country ham.
PubMed: Wholegrain foods made from a novel high-amylose barley variety (Himalaya 292) improve indices of bowel health in human subjects.
PubMed: Fasting enhances p-Cresol production in the rat intestinal tract.
PubMed: Aclacinomycin oxidoreductase (AknOx) from the biosynthetic pathway of the antibiotic aclacinomycin is an unusual flavoenzyme with a dual active site.
PubMed: Uptake and localization of gaseous phenol and p-cresol in plant leaves.
PubMed: The chemical nature of fetid floral odours in stapeliads (Apocynaceae-Asclepiadoideae-Ceropegieae).
PubMed: Influence of phenol, p-cresol and indole on growth and survival of intestinal lactic acid bacteria.
PubMed: Potent inhibitory effects of black tea theaflavins on off-odor formation from citral.
PubMed: Multidimensional gas chromatography-olfactometry for the identification and prioritization of malodors from confined animal feeding operations.
PubMed: Characterization of odorants causing an atypical aroma in white pepper powder (Piper nigrum L.) based on quantitative measurements and orthonasal breakthrough thresholds.
PubMed: The unbearable lightness of "light" cigarettes: a comparison of smoke yields in six varieties of Canadian "light" cigarettes.
PubMed: Enrichment of cheeses manufactured from cow's and sheep's milk blends with sheep-like species-related alkylphenols.
PubMed: A kinetic study of p-cresol oxidation by quince fruit polyphenol oxidase.
PubMed: Aroma compounds in sweet whey powder.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of rennet casein.
PubMed: In vivo studies on the metabolism of the monoterpene pulegone in humans using the metabolism of ingestion-correlated amounts (MICA) approach: explanation for the toxicity differences between (S)-(-)- and (R)-(+)-pulegone.
PubMed: Whole-grain rye and wheat foods and markers of bowel health in overweight middle-aged men.
PubMed: Sequestering ability of butylated hydroxytoluene, propyl gallate, resveratrol, and vitamins C and E against ABTS, DPPH, and hydroxyl free radicals in chemical and biological systems.
PubMed: Identification and quantification of aroma-active components that contribute to the distinct malty flavor of buckwheat honey.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of stored nonfat dry milk.
PubMed: Two OPEEs (organic phase enzyme electrodes) used to check the percentage water content in hydrophobic foods and drugs.
PubMed: Characteristic aroma components of British Farmhouse Cheddar cheese.
PubMed: Proteolytic activation of latent Paraguaya peach PPO. Characterization of monophenolase activity.
PubMed: Vegan diet in physiological health promotion.
PubMed: Nitrosation of phenolic compounds: inhibition and enhancement.
PubMed: Micellar electrokinetic chromatography with bis(2-ethylhexyl)sodium sulfosuccinate vesicles determination of synthetic food antioxidants.
PubMed: Attenuation of luminol-amplified chemiluminescent intensity and lipid peroxidation in the livers of quercetin-fed mice.
PubMed: Influence of dietary protein supplements on the formation of bacterial metabolites in the colon.
PubMed: Effect of tea polyphenols on fecal flora and fecal metabolic products of pigs.
PubMed: Effects of eating an uncooked vegetable diet for 1 week.
PubMed: Effect of Konjac mannan on intestinal microbial metabolism in mice bearing human flora and in conventional F344 rats.
PubMed: Determination of phenol in poly(vinyl chloride).
PubMed: Hydroxyurea and p-aminophenol are the suicide inhibitors of ascorbate peroxidase.
PubMed: [Determination of butylated hydroxy-anisole in oily foods by high-performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection].
PubMed: Capillary GC analysis of compounds leached into parenteral solutions packaged in plastic bags.
PubMed: Effects of t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole and other phenolic antioxidants on tumoral cells and Trypanosoma parasites.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic, liquid chromatographic, and titrimetric procedures for determination of glycerin in allergenic extracts and diagnostic antigens: comparative study.
PubMed: Effects of BHA and related phenols on the forestomach of rats.
PubMed: Dependence of curing time, peak temperature, and mechanical properties on the composition of bone cement.
PubMed: The urinary excretion of bacterial amino-acid metabolites by rats fed saccharin in the diet.
PubMed: Effects of zeolite a or clinoptilolite in diets of growing swine.
PubMed: Pharmacologic and genetic studies on the modulatory effects of butylated hydroxytoluene on mouse lung adenoma formation.
PubMed: Modulation of azaserine-induced pancreatic foci by phenolic antioxidants in rats.
PubMed: The origin of urinary aromatic compounds excreted by ruminants. 4. The potential use of urine aromatic acid and phenol outputs as a measure of voluntary food intake.
PubMed: A study of the rates of the competitive nitrosations of pyrrolidine, p-cresol and L-cysteine hydrochloride.
PubMed: The fate of 2,6-bis-(1'-methyl-14C-heptadecyl)-p-cresol(Dioctadecyl-p-cresol-14C) in the rat.
PubMed: Studies of the physiological effects of 2,6-bis-(1'-methylheptadecyl)-p-cresol (Dioctadecyl-p-cresol) in the rat and dog.
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