laurus nobilis leaf oil
volatile oil obtained from the leaves of the laurel, laurus nobilis l., lauraceae
The laurel tree is a small unimpressive shrub or tree, originating in the eastern Mediterranean countries, or perhaps in Asia. It has been known for thousands of years, but the use of its leaves as a household culinary herb is a comparatively recent one. The tree, Laurus Nobilis, is cultivated in China, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey, Yugoslavia, U.S.S.R., Italy, Sardinia and France. Blends well with citrus oils and spice oils. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. laurus nobilis, lauraceae.
  • Albert Vieille SAS
    • Albert Vieille SAS
      Naturally Inspiring!
      Our objective is to inspire the creative minds in the realm of beauty with exceptional ingredients!
      Based on more than a century of experience in Vallauris, France, Albert Vieille SAS has crafted exceptional savoir-faire in the realm of perfume plants. Albert Vieille SAS is a venerable company specializing in 100% pure and natural aromatic raw materials for professionals working in the perfumery, cosmetics, food and aromatherapy markets. We have more than 200 aromatic products – essential oil, floral water, scented water, absolute, concrete, resinoid, gum resin – for use in formulating scented and flavored creations. Albert Vieille offers only aromatic products that are 100% pure, meaning they are from botanically identified plants of single geographic origin. The products are also 100% natural, as they are obtained through physical processes, undergoing no chemical modification or denaturation by petrochemical-derived molecules.
      Email: Elisabeth Campana
      Voice: +33 (0)4 93 64 16 72
      Fax: +33 (0)4 93 64 80 07
      Products List: View
      Laurel Essential oil Croatia
      Laurel, also called by various common names like bay laurel and sweet bay, is a tree that has been linked with prestige throughout history. Its foliage symbolizes glory and success and was used to make the famous laurel wreath of victory. Likely native to the Mediterranean countries and Asia Minor, sweet bay has been in use for thousands of years. It has been widely cultivated in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. The laurel is a conical, evergreen tree with small, yellow, star-shaped flowers that give way to black, fleshy berries. The dark-green, smooth, and powerfully aromatic leaves form the raw material that is distilled for the essential oil. Laurel essential oil has an herbaceous, woody fragrance with a eucalyptus facet. The slightly spicy character is reminiscent of the smell of cajeput.
  • Berjé
    • Berjé Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      laurel leaf oil
  • Bontoux
    • Bontoux S.A
      Major international supplier
      Major international Producer of aromatic ingredients for the production of fragrances, flavors, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals and Aromathopy.
      Bontoux Inc. was established in 1993 to directly service our North American clientele. The facility primarily serves as a Sales Customer Service, Repacking and Distribution Center for our customers in North America.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: + 33.(0)
      Fax: + 33.(0)
      US Voice: + 1.908.755.4800
      US Fax: + 1.908.755.4844
  • Charabot
  • Elixens America
    • Elixens America, Inc.
      Sharing What Nature Inspires
      US affiliate supplying Conventional and Certified Organic Essential Oils since 1998; specializing in French Essential Oils.
      Elixens America, Inc. has been supplying bulk Essential Oils to the Flavor & Fragrance Industry since 1998. We are the US affiliate of ELIXENS SA (Paris, France) and are your direct contact for bulk Essential Oils in North America. Our specialties are Lavandin and Lavender Essential Oils originating from the Provence Region of France as we have long-term partnerships with growers and farmers from the area. Our catalogue of items range from about 150 to 200 different Essential Oils depending on availability and crop season. In addition to our group’s production we also import various Essential Oils directly from source from around the world.
      Email: Jean-Pascal Abdelli (France)
      US Email: Adam Roman
      Email: Barbara Keen (UK)
      Voice: 33 (0) 1 34 48 57 57
      Fax: 33 (0) 1 34 64 94 27
      US Voice: 1.732.388.3555
      US Fax: 1.732.388.3565
      Laurel Leaf Essential Oil Yugoslavia 100% Pure and Natural
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Laurel Leaf Oil
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      laurel leaf oil
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      02-05205 BAY OIL, SWEET (LAURUS NOBILIS L.), NATURAL, Kosher
      12-10400 LAUREL LEAVES OIL
  • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
    • Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils, Inc.
      EXCEPTIONAL Flavor and Fragrance Ingredients.
      Phoenix sources the finest flavor and fragrance ingredients for its customers.
      Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils LLC was founded in 1994, grounded in a simple set of core values: provide top-quality products, cost-effective pricing and personalized attention to all our customers. After two decades, we remain committed to those values. With extensive market knowledge of our products, we anticipate, as opposed to merely react, to industry challenges. You can rely on us for all your flavor and fragrance ingredient needs. Customers benefit from Phoenix's long-standing relationships with experienced and reputable growers, processors and manufacturers in key global locations, who are committed to sustainability and green programs. With a strategically located 80,000 sq-ft facility, customers can rely on Phoenix to deliver quality products on time, and cost-effectively.
      Email: EU Info
      US Email: Info
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +44(0) 208 532 1022
      Fax: +44(0) 208 532 1023
      US Voice: 201-784-6100
      US Fax: 201-784-8566
      Laurel Leaf Oil
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,Ö Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      Robertetís Videos
      LAUREL LEAF Pure & Nat
      Laurel Leaves Ess. oil (for fragrance)
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      Laurel Leaf Oil
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Laurel Leaf Oil P&N - AV
  • Ultra International
    • Ultra International
      Driven by a mutual passion for excellence.
      Ultra International is one of the leading company in the Flavors and Fragrance industry.
      Ultra International is one of the leading company in the Flavors and Fragrance industry with a vision to be the Essential Source of Sensory Innovation for customers, driven by a mutual passion for excellence. Through unique sensory expertise and consumer insight, Ultra provides customers with the taste and smell profiles that are key to their products' success. Our passion for Perfumes and Flavors, our Creativity and Innovation, together with our exceptional understanding of sensory perceptions and trends, have forged our world-class reputation.
      Email: Ravi Sanganeria (General enquiries)
      Email: Bhuvana Nageshwaran (Sales)
      Voice: 91-9810011601
      Fax: 91-11-4151 7050
      Ravi Sanganeria:91-11-41517010
      Products List: View
      Sugandh Kokila Oil
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Name: laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8007-48-5
MDL: MFCD00677251
Name: laurus nobilis l. oil
CAS Number: 8002-41-3
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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NCBI: Search
FEMA Number: 2125  laurel leaf oil
FDA Regulation:
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale green yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.90500 to 0.92900 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.531 to  7.730
Refractive Index: 1.46500 to 1.47000 @  20.00 °C.
Flash Point: 128.00 °F. TCC ( 53.33 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength: medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 fresh  sweet  camphoreous  spicy  aromatic  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
fresh strong sweet camphor spicy
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
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Albert Vieille SAS
Laurel Essential oil Croatia
Odor: herbaceous, woody with a eucalyptus facet
Use: Laurel, also called by various common names like bay laurel and sweet bay, is a tree that has been linked with prestige throughout history. Its foliage symbolizes glory and success and was used to make the famous laurel wreath of victory. Likely native to the Mediterranean countries and Asia Minor, sweet bay has been in use for thousands of years. It has been widely cultivated in the Mediterranean region since ancient times. The laurel is a conical, evergreen tree with small, yellow, star-shaped flowers that give way to black, fleshy berries. The dark-green, smooth, and powerfully aromatic leaves form the raw material that is distilled for the essential oil. Laurel essential oil has an herbaceous, woody fragrance with a eucalyptus facet. The slightly spicy character is reminiscent of the smell of cajeput.
laurel leaf oil
Biolandes Parfumerie
laurel leaf oil Morocco
Odor: spicy family / camphoric, diffusive, aromatic
Photo Gallery
Bristol Botanicals
Bay Laurel Essential Oil
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Bay laurel essential oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Can be inhaled in a blend for the respiratory system. It is an expectorant. Because of the high amount of phenols, this essential oil is a good antiseptic for the respiratory system. It expels wind and has a tonic effect on the liver and kidneys. Bay laurel may be used for sprains and bruises. Useful as a scalp and hair tonic, recommended for hair loss, greasy hair or flaky scalp. Blends well with bergamot, cedarwood, lemon, rosemary and patchouli.
CG Herbals
Sugandh Kokila
Laurel oil Balkans
100% Pure & Natural
Odor: Aromatic, fresh, sweet, spicy, lavender, lemony, eucalyptus
Elixens America
Laurel Leaf Essential Oil Yugoslavia
100% Pure and Natural
Ernesto Ventós
Excellentia International
Laurel Leaf Oil
laurel leaf oil
Global Essence
Laurel Leaf Oil Organic
Global Essence
Laurel Leaf Oil
Global Essence
Laurel Leaf Yugo
Hermitage Oils Australia
Laurel Leaf Essential Oil (Sweet Bay)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “Laurel leaf essential oil exudes a delightfully fresh, sweet medicinal, slightly spicy, chewy, eucalyptol aroma, no big difference to crushing the fresh leaves in your hand, albeit the aroma of the oil is stronger and longer lasting.
Odor: Medicinal note of nasal drops opening up on a green herbal and fragrant bouquet garni aromatic profile
Indukern F&F
Liberty Natural Products
Lionel Hitchen
Laurel (Nobil.) Oil
Lluch Essence
Odor: balsamic, eugenol and eucalyptol
Flavor: fresh, aromatic
Payand Betrand
Laurel Oil Turkey
Penta International
Penta International
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Laurel Leaf Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Laurel Leaf Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Laurel Leaf Oil
Pure & Nat
Robertetís Videos
Laurel Leaves Ess. oil (for fragrance)
The John D. Walsh Company
Laurel Leaf Oil
The Lermond Company
Laurel Leaf Oil P&N - AV
The Perfumers Apprentice
Laurel – Laurus Nobilis wild (France) J.Steele
The Perfumers Apprentice
Laurel Leaf - (Slovenia)
Odor: spicy woody terpene warm fresh strong sweet camphor spicy
Ultra International
Sugandh Kokila Oil
Vevy Europe
Odor: characteristic
Use: fractions of natural oils obtained by molecular distillation, water-soluble without solubilisers or alcohols; having the same aroma and intensity as the original essential oils permitting the preparation of hydrolates (tonics, lotions, aromatic waters, collyries, etc.), entirely natural, with no additives. Exclusive Hydroessentials are available on request.
White Lotus Aromatics
Laurel leaf essential oil
Odor: sweet, war, spicy-aromatic, slightly camphoraceous bouquet with a spicy-cinnamic undertone
Use: In natural perfumery used in colognes, after shave lotions, spice accords, air refreshners, sacred perfumes, incense bouquet.
Zhejiang Taizhou TU-POLY
Laurel Leaf Oil
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Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  330 ul/kg
Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol. 58, Pg. 9, 1997.

oral-mouse LD50  3310 mg/kg
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. Vol. 22, Pg. 777, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
eugenol Max. Found: <3.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <4.00 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: trace to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: <0.30 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for laurus nobilis leaf oil usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -2.90000
condiments / relishes: -30.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.80000
fruit ices: -1.80000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -2.60000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
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Safety References:
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 8007-48-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
Chemidplus: 0008007485
 laurus nobilis l. oil
Chemidplus: 0008002413
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 laurus nobilis l. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8007-48-5
Pubchem (sid): 135304193
 laurus nobilis l. oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 8002-41-3
Pubchem (sid): 135322906
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Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
Export Tariff Code: 3301.29.6000
 Typical G.C.
Wikipedia: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 cypress leaf oilFR
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
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Potential Uses:
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Natural Occurrence in: note
 laurus nobilis
GRIN Trop Picture
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 bay laurel leaf oil
sweet bay leaf oil
 bay oil, sweet (laurus nobilis l.), natural
 laurel leaf essential oil
 laurel leaf oil
 laurel leaf oil maroc 100
 laurel leaf oil morocco
 laurel leaves ess. oil (for fragrance)
 laurel noble balkans EO
 laurel noble EO
 laurel oil turkey
 laurel select 01
 sugandh kokila oil
 volatile oil obtained from the leaves of the laurel, laurus nobilis l., lauraceae
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PubMed: Effects of herbal essential oil mixture as a dietary supplement on egg production in quail.
PubMed: Neuroprotective potential of Laurus nobilis antioxidant polyphenol-enriched leaf extracts.
PubMed: Coping with drought-induced xylem cavitation: coordination of embolism repair and ionic effects in three Mediterranean evergreens.
PubMed: Does short-term potassium fertilization improve recovery from drought stress in laurel?
PubMed: Laurel leaf extracts for honeybee pest and disease management: antimicrobial, microsporicidal, and acaricidal activity.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of Umbellularia californica and Laurus nobilis leaf essential oils and identification of constituents active against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Apolar Laurus nobilis leaf extracts induce cytotoxicity and apoptosis towards three nervous system cell lines.
PubMed: Molecular size fractions of bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) exhibit differentiated regulation of colorectal cancer cell growth in vitro.
PubMed: Aluminium phosphide-induced genetic and oxidative damages in vitro: attenuation by Laurus nobilis L. leaf extract.
PubMed: Cytoprotective and pro-apoptotic activities of native Australian herbs polyphenolic-rich extracts.
PubMed: Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.
PubMed: Acylated kaempferol glycosides from Laurus nobilis leaves and their inhibitory effects on Na+/K+-adenosine triphosphatase.
PubMed: Activity, polypeptide and gene identification of thylakoid Ndh complex in trees: potential physiological relevance of fluorescence assays.
PubMed: Aluminum phosphide-induced genetic and oxidative damages in rats: attenuation by Laurus nobilis leaf extract.
PubMed: Chemical polymorphism of essential oils from populations of Laurus nobilis grown on Tunisia, Algeria and France.
PubMed: Antidiarrheal activity of Laurus nobilis L. leaf extract in rats.
PubMed: Antioxidant and antiproliferative activity of Laurus nobilis L. (Lauraceae) leaves and seeds essential oils against K562 human chronic myelogenous leukaemia cells.
PubMed: Antimicrobial sesquiterpenoids from Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Uniformity trials in plant freezing assays involving microtitre plates.
PubMed: Short-term effects of potassium fertilization on the hydraulic conductance of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Gastroprotective effect and antioxidant properties of different Laurus nobilis L. leaf extracts.
PubMed: Spirafolide from bay leaf (Laurus nobilis) prevents dopamine-induced apoptosis by decreasing reactive oxygen species production in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells.
PubMed: In vitro and in vivo effects of Laurus nobilis L. leaf extracts.
PubMed: Phytochemical composition and antioxidant activity of Laurus nobilis L. leaf infusion.
PubMed: A biosensor based on Bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.) tissue homogenate: improvement of the stability characteristics by a simple bio-imprinted technique.
PubMed: Short- and long-term modulation of the lutein epoxide and violaxanthin cycles in two species of the Lauraceae: sweet bay laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) and avocado (Persea americana Mill.).
PubMed: Bactericidal activity of black pepper, bay leaf, aniseed and coriander against oral isolates.
PubMed: Evaluation of wound healing activity of Allamanda cathartica. L. and Laurus nobilis. L. extracts on rats.
PubMed: A simple method to obtain essential oils from Salvia triloba L. and Laurus nobilis L. by using microwave-assisted hydrodistillation.
PubMed: Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis Linn.
PubMed: Effect of drying method on the volatiles in bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.).
PubMed: Preliminary evaluation of cytotoxic properties of Laurus nobilis leaf extracts.
PubMed: Anticonvulsant activity of the leaf essential oil of Laurus nobilis against pentylenetetrazole- and maximal electroshock-induced seizures.
PubMed: Alcohol absorption inhibitors from bay leaf (Laurus nobilis): structure-requirements of sesquiterpenes for the activity.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of sesquiterpenes from bay leaf on nitric oxide production in lipopolysaccharide-activated macrophages: structure requirement and role of heat shock protein induction.
PubMed: Preventive effect of sesquiterpenes from bay leaf on blood ethanol elevation in ethanol-loaded rat: structure requirement and suppression of gastric emptying.
PubMed: Air pollution effects on the guard cells of the injury resistant leaf of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from Dittrichia viscosa (L.) Greuter.
PubMed: Air pollution effects on the leaf structure of Laurus nobilis, an injury resistant species.
PubMed: Effects of Laurus nobilis (Lauraceae) on Biomphalaria glabrata (Say, 1818).
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Soluble in:
Insoluble in:
 non-discoloring in most media
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