EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

benzyl formate
phenylmethyl formate

Supplier Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:benzyl formate
CAS Number: 104-57-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-214-4
FDA UNII:79GJF97O0Y
Nikkaji Web:J53.979A
Beilstein Number:2041319
MDL:MFCD00014128
CoE Number:344
XlogP3-AA:1.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.15016000
Formula:C8 H8 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:841 benzyl formate
FLAVIS Number:09.077 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.077 benzyl formate
FEMA Number:2145 benzyl formate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: BENZYL FORMATE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:1.08400 to 1.09200 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 9.020 to 9.087
Specific Gravity:1.08500 to 1.09300 @ 20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 9.039 to 9.105
Refractive Index:1.50900 to 1.51400 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 202.00 to 203.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.273000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 180.00 °F. TCC ( 82.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.363 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4257 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Similar Items:note
allyl formate
amyl formate
isoamyl formate
para-anisyl formate
bornyl formate
isobornyl formate
butyl formate
isobutyl formate
sec-butyl formate
carvyl formate
cedryl formate
cinnamyl formate
citronellyl formate
para-cresyl formate
cyclododecyl formate
cyclohexyl formate
2-decalinyl formate
decyl formate
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
ethyl formate
eugenyl formate
isoeugenyl formate
furfuryl formate
S-furfuryl thioformate
geranyl formate
heptyl formate
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl formate
(E)-3-hexen-1-yl formate
3-hexen-1-yl formate
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl formate
hexyl formate
linalyl formate
menthadienyl formate
menthyl formate
laevo-menthyl formate
2-methyl butyl formate
methyl formate
myrtenyl formate
neryl formate
nonisyl formate
nonyl formate
nopyl formate
octyl formate
3-octyl formate
phenethyl formate
2-phenoxyethyl formate
3-phenyl propyl formate
prenyl formate
propyl formate
isopropyl formate
isopulegyl formate
rhodinyl formate
styralyl formate
sulfuryl formate
terpinyl formate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:8 hour(s) at 100.00 %
floral fruity spicy almond cranberry tea black tea
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. floral fruity spicy almond cranberry black tea
Luebke, William tgsc, (1988)
Odor sample from: Harrmann & Reimer Corporation
chemical cherry fruity almond
Odor Description:Chemical with a cherry fruity almond nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 3, 57, (1992)
Flavor Type: fruity
fresh cherry berry strawberry fruity
Taste Description: at 10.00 ppm. Fresh cherry, with a berry strawberry fruity nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 17, No. 3, 57, (1992)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Symrise
Benzyl formate
Odor Description:strong, floral, jasmine-like, black tea, fruity, blackberry
Taste Description:sweet, fruity, raspberry, blueberry
Useful in: brown nuts, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, alcoholics.
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyl formate, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor Description:apricot; meaty; floral; fruity; pineapple; sweet.
Taste Description:fresh cherry berry strawberry fruity
Moellhausen
BENZYL FORMATE
Odor Description:sweet, fruity; rasp- and blueberry-like
Taste Description:fruity; raspberry, blueberry nuance
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
BENZYL FORMATE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Floral, fruity
Augustus Oils
Benzyl Formate
Services
Berjé
Benzyl Formate
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Formate 99%
Ernesto Ventós
BENZYL FORMATE
Odor: STRONG,FLORAL,FRUITY,JASMINE,TEA
Fleurchem
benzyl formate natural
Global Essence
Benzyl Formate
Indukern F&F
BENZYL FORMATE
Odor: FRUITY, FLORAL
Inoue Perfumery
BENZYL FORMATE
Kingchem Laboratories
BENZYL FORMATE
Odor: Intense, pleasant, fruity
Lluch Essence
BENZYL FORMATE
M&U International
Benzyl Formate
Moellhausen
BENZYL FORMATE
Odor: sweet, fruity; rasp- and blueberry-like
Flavor: fruity; raspberry, blueberry nuance
Penta International
BENZYL FORMATE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
BENZYL FORMATE NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Benzyl Formate
Odor: fruity-dry sweet raspberry blueberry fruity-green
Use: BLENDS WITH - Gums
Prodasynth
BENZYL FORMATE
>85% + ALCOOL BENZYLIQUE
Odor: STRONG,FLORAL,FRUITY,JASMINE,TEA
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Benzyl Formate
Reincke & Fichtner
Benzyl Formate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Formate
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyl formate, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Odor: apricot; meaty; floral; fruity; pineapple; sweet.
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Benzyl formate, natural, 97%, FG
Silverline Chemicals
Benzyl Formate
Symrise
Benzyl formate
Odor: strong, floral, jasmine-like, black tea, fruity, blackberry
Flavor: sweet, fruity, raspberry, blueberry
Useful in: brown nuts, fruity citrus, fruity red, fruity yellow, fruity tropical, fruity others, alcoholics.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Benzyl Formate >95.0%(GC)
U. K. Aromatics and Chemicals
BENZYL FORMATE
Ungerer & Company
Benzyl Formate
Vigon International
Benzyl Formate FCC
Odor: Strong, floral, jasmine-like, black tea, fruity, blackberry
WholeChem
Benzyl Formate
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 21/22 - Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24 - Avoid contact with skin.
S 36/39 - Wear suitable clothing and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 4), H227
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
Acute toxicity, Dermal (Category 3), H311
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpgskull.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H227 - Combustible liquid
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
H311 - Toxic in contact with skin
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P302 + P352 - IF ON SKIN: wash with plenty of soap and water.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P363 - Wash contaminated clothing before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
10 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 1400 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1019, 1973.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 2000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1019, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for benzyl formate usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 35.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 17000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -8.60000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -2.40000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -3.20000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -8.00000
fruit ices: -8.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):104-57-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7708
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
benzyl formate
Chemidplus:0000104574
RTECS:LQ5400000 for cas# 104-57-4
 
References:
 benzyl formate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:104-57-4
Pubchem (cid):7708
Pubchem (sid):134972884
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C05613
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB41485
FooDB:FDB021450
Export Tariff Code:2915.13.5000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aromatic
(4E,9Z)-13-
methyloxacyclopentadeca-4,9-dien-2-one
FR
balsamic
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl cinnamate
FL/FR
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
geranyl crotonate
FR
citrus
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
earthy
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetal
FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
amyl cyclopentenone
CS
benzyl acetone
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
boronia specialty
FR
champaca absolute
FR
coranol (Firmenich)
FR
2-para-
cresyl oxyethyl acetate
FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl propionate
FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
ethyl linalool
FR
ethyl linalyl acetal
FR
ethyl linalyl acetate
FR
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
frangipani specialty
FR
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
ho wood oil
FR
honeysuckle absolute
FR
alpha-
ionone
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin acetate
FL/FR
jasmin lactone (IFF)
FL/FR
jasmin pyranol
FR
para-
jasmone
FR
jasmopyrane (Givaudan)
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
methyl ionone (90% min.)
FL/FR
methyl ionyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl phenoxyethanol
FR
2-
methyl-4-phenyl-1,3-dioxolane
FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
nerolin fragarol
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
2-
pentadecanone
FL/FR
pentenyl cyclopentanone
FR
2-
pentyl cyclopentan-1-ol
FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
pittosporum specialty
FR
tea acetate
FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
wallflower absolute
FR
ylang ylang oil III fractions
FR
fruity
acetyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl propionate
FL/FR
apple cranberry fragrance
FR
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl valerate
FL/FR
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
peach nitrile
FR
(R)-
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
green
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower
CS
tilia cordata flower extract
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
mentholic
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
musty
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
nutty
2-
methyl-3-pentenoic acid
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
sulfurous
blackberry thiophenone
FL/FR
tropical
genet absolute
FL/FR
woody
cyperus root oil (cyperus rotundus)
FR
(-)-
guaiol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
para-
anisyl propionate
FL/FR
blackberry thiophenone
FL/FR
ethyl 2-phenyl-3-furoate
FL
ethyl linalyl ether
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
jasmin lactone (IFF)
FL/FR
dextro-
linalool
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
methyl furfuracrylate
FL
4-
methyl-2-pentenoic acid
FL
2-
methyl-3-pentenoic acid
FL/FR
octyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
(R)-
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
caramellic
caramellic
ethyl maltol
FL/FR
citrus
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
ketoiso
phorone
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
coffee
2,4-
dimethyl thiazole
FL
creamy
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
earthy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
2-
pentadecanone
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
alpha-
ionone
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
methyl ionone (90% min.)
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
acetyl methyl anthranilate
FL/FR
apple cherry flavor
FL
apple strawberry flavor
FL
banana strawberry flavor
FL
benzaldehyde glycrol acetal
FL/FR
benzyl acetone
FL/FR
benzyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry berry flavor
FL
cherry oxyacetate
FL/FR
cherry propanol
FL/FR
ethyl benzoyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl valerate
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl anthranilate
FL/FR
nerolin fragarol
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
strawberry kiwi melon flavor
FL
styralyl butyrate
FL/FR
meta-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
tolualdehydes (mixed o,m,p)
FL/FR
tropical trithiane
FL/FR
green
chrysanthemum oxide
FL/FR
clary sage absolute
FL/FR
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
geranyl formate
FL/FR
heptyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
hay
genet absolute
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
3,6-
dimethyl-3-octanol
FL/FR
tilia cordata flower extract
FL/FR
honey
benzyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
minty
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
phenolic
guaiacyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
spicy
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl cinnamate
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
methyl cinnamate
FL/FR
para-
tolualdehyde
FL/FR
woody
methyl ionyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRaldehydic
FRapple
FRapricot
FRbalsam
FRcherry
FRcinnamon
FRcranberry
FRgrape
FRheliotrope
FRjasmin
 jonesia
FRorange
FRpineapple
FRplum
FRprune
FRquince
FRraspberry
FRrose
FRstrawberry
FRtuberose
FRwoodruff
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 champaca concrete @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chestnut horse-chestnut
Search Trop Picture
 coffee
Search PMC Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 lily amazon water lily
Search Trop Picture
 oregon grape-holly
Search Trop Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosa rugosa oil
Search Trop Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 ameisensaeurebenzylester
 benzyl alcohol formate
 benzyl alcohol, formate
 benzyl formate FCC
 benzyl formate natural
 benzyl methanoate
 formic acid (phenylmethyl) ester
 formic acid benzyl ester
 formic acid phenyl methyl ester
 formic acid phenylmethyl ester
 formic acid, benzyl ester
 formic acid, phenylmethyl ester
 phenyl methyl formate
 phenylmethyl formate
(phenylmethyl) methanoate
 
 
Notes:
Occurs in essential oils. Present in sour cherry, crowberry, Vaccinium spp. fruits, coffee, black tea, yellow passion fruit, Ocimum basilicum varieties and other foods. Used in perfumery and food flavouring
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