para-cymene
4-methyl-1-isopropylbenzene
 
Notes:
lemon enhancer. V. widely distributed in plant oils e.g. terpentine and citrus oils and many others. Used in flavour industries
  • Alfrebro
    • Alfrebro LLC
      Let's get reacquainted
      Building great taste with aroma chemicals, extracts, and distillates
      The Alfrebro brand was established in the early 1900s by Alex Fries & Brothers, a Cincinnati Flavor Company. In 1980, the brand was re-launched as an aroma chemical manufacturer. Since its inception, Alfrebro’s primary focus has been to provide quality natural and high value synthetic chemicals.
      Email: Sarah Forbis
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 513-539-3021
      Fax: 513-539-7372
      US Voice: 513-539-7373
      Newsroom
      Product(s):
      P-Cymene, Natural
       
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Cymene Para
       
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      235600 PARA-CYMENE Natural, Kosher
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      P-Cymene
       
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Societŗ con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Trading
      Email: Maintenance
      Email: Energy
      Voice: +41 91 695 88 00
      Fax: +41 91 695 88 01
      Linkedin
      Youtube
      RSS Feed
      ECSA Trade
      Company Profile
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene
       
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene Natural
      para-Cymene
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      para-cymene
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +86 (0)592 5105533
      Fax: +86 (0)592 5151667
      foreverest Skype Skype
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      p-Cymene 98%
      Cymene, or p-cymene, is a naturally occurring aromatic organic compound. Cymene is produced by high purity separate technique which is applied in distilling of gum turpentine oil. And also formed in sulfite pulping process from the wood terpenes. It is classified as a hydrocarbon related to a monoterpene. Its structure consists of a benzene ring para-substituted with a methyl group and an isopropyl group. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with ethanol and ether.
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      para-CYMENE NATURAL
       
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0282 para-CYMENE, Kosher
       
  • Moellhausen
    • Moellhausen S.P.A.
      THE CHEMISTRY OF EMOTIONS
      Innovation and commitment in the name of excellence.
      After 50 years in business, Moellhausen stands out as one of the world’s leading family-run companies in the industry of flavors and fragrances, raw materials, and specialties. My personal history is inextricably bound to that of the company, and I continue to dedicate all my energy to it along with our partners and collaborators who have supported us thus far with dedication, passion, love, and experience. Continuous investments and a professionalism aimed at achieving the highest levels of performance in service and quality, along with that same dedication, passion, love, and experience, have together enabled us to reach the absolute avant-garde level that characterizes Moellhausen today, recognized worldwide for its modernity, innovation, creativity, and respect for the environment and the safety and rights of those who work with us. As President and CEO of the company for 32 years, I offer a well-deserved thank you to all of our numerous customers, suppliers, employees, and company friends for helping to sustain our unstoppable and honorable growth. And it is with the support of all of our stakeholders that we will confidently continue to pursue our commitment to further advancing the excellence that our industry demands.
      Voice: +39 039.685.6262
      Fax: +39 039.685.6263
      Linkedin
      A network of knowledge to grow together
      Sustainability is at the foundation of a
      Pervasive technology and total control
      Product(s):
      128290 para-CYMENE
       
  • Natural Advantage
    • Natural Advantage
      Manufacturer of natural flavor ingredients
      With over 25 years experience in the flavor and food ingredient industries.
      Natural Advantage was formed over seventeen years ago to supply the growing demand for natural food and flavor ingredients. We employ a wide range of multi-disciplined scientists who are dedicated to high quality service, customer satisfaction and creating an outstanding value for our clients.
      Email: Info
      Email: Customer service
      Voice: 318-215-1456
      Fax: 318-335-1579
      What We Do
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      p-Cymene Nat
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene
      According to Arctander this “highly purified material smells more citrusy, reminiscent of Lemon and Bergamot topnotes, having more freshness.”
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      03-86800 p-CYMENE FCC, Kosher
      03-86801 p-CYMENE NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Prodasynth
    • Prodasynth
      Made in Grasse
      Chemical specialist in manufacturing, distributing and sourcing of tailor-made ingredients for the Flavour & Fragrance industry.
      Today we are also proud to say, we have created an important range of Natural Molecules which can be found in our Raw Material Compendium. The versatility of our small but efficient structure is one of our main strengths when trying to fulfill our clients' requirements.
      Email: Info:
      Email: Karine Cohen
      Voice: (33) 4 93 09 00 11
      Fax: (33) 4 22 13 07 38
      New Catalog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      para-CYMENE > 97
       
  • Riverside Aromatics
    • Riverside Aromatics Ltd.
      Speciality Aroma Chemicals, Naturals and Synthetics
      Specialist raw material suppliers to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry.
      Peter Cannon & David Rowe established Riverside Aromatics in 2006 in Poole, UK, to offer a new type of specialist raw material supplier to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry. We bring together over 40 years of commercial & technical experience in the F&F industry which allows us to understand the needs of the Global F&F business and especially that of the West European Market.
      Email: Info
      Email: Peter Cannon (sales)
      Voice: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Fax: +44 (0) 1202 679532
      Library
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      NC9000 p -Cymene, Natural
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia,Ö Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Instagram
      Videos
      Vimeo
      Crop Calendar
      Product(s):
      103271 Para-cymène naturel
       
  • Sigma-Aldrich
    • Sigma-Aldrich
      Complete Supply Chain
      The perfect blend of products and services that bring your creativity to life.
      Sigma-Aldrich is a leading Life Science and High Technology company dedicated to providing high-quality, safe and certified flavor ingredients with transparent and easily accessible documentation to customers around the globe. Sigma-Aldrich also provides a suite of analytical tools that allow food analysts to simplify sample preparation, cleanup and analysis steps, while increasing sensitivity to trace ingredients and harmful substances to meet regulations and quality standards.
      Email: Information
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 800-244-1173
      US Fax: 800-368-4661
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Instagram
      Linkedin
      Certified Food Grade Products
      Product(s):
      W235601 p-Cymene, ≥97%, FCC, FG
      SDS
       
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      para-CYMENE
      para-CYMENE P&F FCC
       
  • The Good Scents Company
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene
      SDS
       
  • The Lermond Company
    • The Lermond Company
      Your Sourcing Resource
      The Lermond family has been sourcing raw materials for the flavor and fragrance industry for nearly 7 decades.
      The Lermond Company is a women-owned distributor of raw materials primarily servicing the flavor and fragrance industry. For three generations, members of the Lermond family have been integral sourcing partners for the North American flavor and fragrance industry. We supply high quality essential oils, aroma chemicals, absolutes, concretes, resinoids and floral waters from around the world to the global industry.
      Email: Info
      Email: Tara
      Email: Erica
      Voice: 201-896-3300
      Fax: 201-623-2910
      Facebook
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      para-Cymene 70% (Non Citrus) Natural
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      Newsletter
      Blog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      500493 Cymene para FCC
      504840 Cymene Para Natural
       
  • Zanos
    • Zanos
      Extensive Network
      Consulting, sourcing and distribution of aroma chemicals, perfume ingredients, fragrance ingredients and speciality chemicals.
      Following a corporate career spanning almost 20 years with Bush Boake Allen, Henkel, Bunzl and Amersham International, Zanos was formed by Julian Sarkar in 2000 to bring together best knowledge, contact networks and experience of the flavour and fragrance and speciality chemicals markets.
      Email: Info
      Email: Deborah Lever
      Voice: +44 (0) 1565 755899
      Facebook
      Twitter
      Linkedin
      Blog
      Distribution
      Sourcing
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Para Cymene PF
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene (Click)
CAS Number: 99-87-6Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-796-7
FDA UNII: 1G1C8T1N7Q
Nikkaji Web: J11.621A
Beilstein Number: 1903377
MDL: MFCD00008893
CoE Number: 620
XlogP3: 4.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 134.22158000
Formula: C10 H14
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1325  p-cymene
Flavis Number: 01.002 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.002  1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
FEMA Number: 2356  p-cymene
FDA Mainterm: P-CYMENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.85300 to 0.85500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.098 to  7.114
Refractive Index: 1.48900 to 1.49100 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -68.90 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 176.00 to  178.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 91.00 to  92.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 1.460000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 4.62 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 117.00 °F. TCC ( 47.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.100
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 27.88 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 23.4 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
 fresh  citrus  terpenic  woody  spicy  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
fresh citrus terpene woody spice
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
 chemical  woody  terpenic  citrus  lemon  spicy  cumin  origanum  cilantro  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in ethyl alcohol.  
Harsh chemical, woody and terpy-like with an oxidized citrus lemon note. It has spicy nuances reminiscent of cumin, oregano and cilantro
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
 terpenic  rancid  woody  citrus  spicy  pepper bell pepper  origanum  
Taste Description:
at 1.00 - 10.00 ppm. 
Terpy and rancid with slightly woody oxidized citrus notes. It has spice nuances of green pepper and oregano
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Substantivity: < 2 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Alfrebro
P-Cymene, Natural
Odor: Fresh Citrus Terpene Woody Spicy
Augustus Oils
Cymene Para
Services
Aurochemicals
CYMENE PARA, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PARA-CYMENE Natural, Kosher
Sustainability
Berjé
P-Cymene
Happening at Berje
Camphor & Allied Products
para-Cymene
CG Herbals
para-Cymene
Creatingperfume.com
P-Cymene 50 (Cymene Para)
Odor: fresh citrus terpene woody spice
De Monchy Aromatics
para-Cymene P&F
DRT Terpenes
para-CYMENE PF
≥ 97%
ECSA Chemicals
para-Cymene
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
para-CYMENE CHINA
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Ernesto Ventós
para-CYMENE
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Excellentia International
para-Cymene Natural
Excellentia International
para-Cymene
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
4-Cymene (GC) ≥99%
Fleurchem
para-cymene
Foreverest Resources
p-Cymene 98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cymene, or p-cymene, is a naturally occurring aromatic organic compound. Cymene is produced by high purity separate technique which is applied in distilling of gum turpentine oil. And also formed in sulfite pulping process from the wood terpenes. It is classified as a hydrocarbon related to a monoterpene. Its structure consists of a benzene ring para-substituted with a methyl group and an isopropyl group. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with ethanol and ether.
Fuzhou Farwell
P-Cymene 98%min
Indukern F&F
PARA-CYMENE NATURAL
CROP CALENDAR
Indukern F&F
PARA-CYMENE
Odor: TERPENIC, FRESH, CITRUS
Lluch Essence
para-CYMENE NATURAL
M&U International
para-CYMENE, Kosher
Moellhausen
para-CYMENE
Odor: terpenic, harsh, coniferous note
Natural Advantage
p-Cymene Nat
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
p-Cymene 95% up
Pearlchem Corporation
para-Cymene
Pell Wall Perfumes
para-Cymene
Odor: Sweet, soft, fresh, lemon, bergamot
Use: According to Arctander this “highly purified material smells more citrusy, reminiscent of Lemon and Bergamot topnotes, having more freshness.”
Penta International
p-CYMENE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
p-CYMENE NATURAL, Kosher
Prodasynth
para-CYMENE > 97
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Reincke & Fichtner
p-Cymene
Renessenz (Symris)
Para-Cymene P & F, 99% min
Odor: Citrus, Herbal, Lemon/Lime
Use: Used in lemon and bergamot flavor and fragrance applications.
Riverside Aromatics
p -Cymene, Natural
Robertet
Para-cymène naturel
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cymene >95%
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Cymene, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
para-CYMENE P&F FCC
SRS Aromatics
para-CYMENE
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cymene >95.0%(GC)
The Good Scents Company
para-cymene
Odor: fresh citrus terpene woody spice
The John D. Walsh Company
para-Cymene
The Lermond Company
para-Cymene
The Perfumers Apprentice
para-Cymene
Odor: Terpy and rancid with slightly woody oxidized citrus notes
Treatt
para-Cymene 70% (Non Citrus) Natural
Vigon International
Cymene para FCC
Odor: GASSY-KEROSENE LIKE
Vigon International
Cymene Para Natural
Zanos
Para Cymene PF
Odor: Lime and citrus
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 27 - Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H412
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
H412 - Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  4750 mg/kg
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CHROMODACYRORREA: EYE GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA" BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for para-cymene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 926.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 472.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -7.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3.30000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -250.00000
condiments / relishes: 10.00000130.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.30000
fruit ices: -5.30000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -10.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 18 (FGE.18): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical group 6
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 18, Revision 1 (FGE. 18 Rev1)[1] : Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical groups 6 and 8
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 90 (FGE.90): Consideration of Aliphatic, acyclic and alicyclic terpenoid tertiary alcohols and structurally related substances evaluated by JECFA (68th meeting)FGE.18Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance terpenoid blend QRD-460
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 99-87-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7463
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2046
WGK Germany: 2
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
Chemidplus: 0000099876
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: 99-87-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 99-87-6
Pubchem (cid): 7463
Pubchem (sid): 134972062
Flavornet: 99-87-6
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06575
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB05805
FooDB: FDB017358
Export Tariff Code: 2902.90.9000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•grade: technical cymene •grades of purity: 95+%
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
 citrus carbaldehydeFR
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
anise
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
floral
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 ho leaf oilFR
 nonanolFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
fruity
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
green
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 eucalyptus citriodora oilFR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
minty
 peppermint oil idahoFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 myrceneFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
 pepper tree berry oilFL/FR
 tea tree oilFR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
thujonic
 armoise oilFR
woody
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
10-undecen-1-olFL/FR
aldehydic
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 octanal (aldehyde C-8)FL/FR
anise
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
balsamic
 fir needle oil siberiaFL/FR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
citrus
 bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italyFL/FR
 grapefruit oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
blood orange oil italyFL/FR
sweet orange peel oil c.p. brazilFL/FR
 petitgrain oil paraguayFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
estery
 ethyl acetoacetateFL/FR
fatty
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
fruity
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 ethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 hexyl acetateFL/FR
bitter orange peel oil brazilFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 cortex pyridineFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
herbal
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 eucalyptus globulus oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
minty
 peppermint oil idahoFL/FR
spicy
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 elettaria cardamomum seed oilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
 pepper tree berry oilFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
woody
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 myrceneFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 basilFL/FR
 berryFR
 blackberryFR
 blueberryFR
 boldus 
 butterFR
 camphorFL/FR
 carawayFL/FR
 carrotFL
 cascarillaFL/FR
 celeryFL/FR
 cilantroFL/FR
 cinnamonFR
 corianderFL/FR
 cranberryFR
 cuminFL/FR
 currant blackFR
 cypressFR
 eucalyptusFL/FR
 grapefruitFR
 guavaFR
 lemonFR
 mandarinFR
 nutmegFR
 orangeFR
 oreganoFL/FR
 papayaFR
 pineappleFR
 tangerineFR
 thymeFL/FR
 tomatoFL
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 5.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.41%
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 ajowan
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 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 15.57%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 allspice fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice seed
Search Trop  Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.80%
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 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 1.50%
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 angelica
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 angelica root oil @ 6.39%
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 angelica seed oil @ 1.10%
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 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise seed
Search Trop  Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 apricot leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 1.20%
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 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 1.00%
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 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 2.80%
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 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.40%
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 ayou wood oil @ trace%
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 basil leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil tissue culture
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil @ <0.01-0.97%
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 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.1%
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 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.3%
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 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.5%
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 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.1%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.010-0.893%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot plant wild
Search Trop  Picture
 blackberry fruit
Search  Picture
 blueberry fruit
Search  Picture
 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bois de rose oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 boldo leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 9.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 8.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.16%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 9.10%
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 cajuput oil @ 0.6%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 6.8%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 camel grass oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed oil @ trace-0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.41%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.06-2.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 9.91%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 4.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 4.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cassis bud oil @ trace-0.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.32-0.59%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery stem oil
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile flower oil germany @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 17.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.25-0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 4.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.36-0.78%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cistus oil @ 0.4%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.10%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
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 clary sage oil france @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.10%
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 clove bud oil @ 0.07%
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 clove leaf oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint oil india @ 0.02%
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 costmary oil @ 0.11%
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 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 5.30%
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.70%
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 cubeb oil @ 0.59%
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 cumin oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ 4.91%
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 cumin seed oil turkey @ 25.2%
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 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant leaf
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 curry fruit oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry wood leaf oil australia @ trace%
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 cypress oil @ 0.21-0.24%
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 davana oil @ 0.8%
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 dill leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill root
Search Trop  Picture
 dill root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill shoot
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 dill weed oil cuba @ 14.38%
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 dill weed oil reunion @ 3.80%
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 6.10%
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 elemi oil @ 7.70%
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 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 8.00%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 24.20%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 17.80%
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 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.27%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ 8.04%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 6.44%
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 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.35%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.86%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 8.23%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 1.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil bitter spain @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil sweet @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 3.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil canada @ 0.03-0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 7.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba wood
Search Trop  Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 2.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.13%
Data  Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum candolleanum rhizome oil india @ 9.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.82%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ho leaf oil @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.20-0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.30-1.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop plant
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper branch oil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper needle oil @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kachur oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kewda oil @ 1.08-1.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 1.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.43%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel bark oil @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel berry oil @ 1.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil @ 3.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel stem oil @ 0.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil @ 1.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil france @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil greece @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 1.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil kenya @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.30-2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon balm shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil rwanda @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 3.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.89%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 14.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage flower oil @ 2.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage leaf oil @ 7.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root oil @ 0.86%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage seed oil @ 3.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 4.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil japan @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 4.98%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.00-4.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 5.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 8.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 4.31-4.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 4.93-24.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic leaf oil @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic oil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil @ 0.83%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 1.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 8.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta cephalotes boiss. oil iran @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 4.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg flower oil @ 4.55%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil @ 2.49-4.78%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.7%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil india @ 1.87%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 olibanum
Search Trop  Picture
 onion fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 onion juice
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace-0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 1.94%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 8.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 origanum
Search  Picture
 origanum oil greece @ 6.58%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 palmarosa oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 1.46%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.82%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil spain @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree berry oil @ 2.93%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.59%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil america @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bigarade oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 1.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lime oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 3.17%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.38%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.87%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pineapple fruit
Search  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pomelo
Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 10.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 6.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pteronia oil @ 11.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.97%%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil china @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 1.81%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil corsica @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 1.39-1.54%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.99-1.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil spain @ 1.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil turkey @ 10.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary sap
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rue oil china @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rue oil cuba @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 safflower bud
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop  Picture
 sage leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil albania @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil cuba @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil england @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil germany @ 1.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil lithuania @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil reunion @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil sardinia @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil spain @ 0.4-2.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil spain @ 1.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil spain @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage plant
Search Trop  Picture
 sage shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 39.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savin oil @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savin oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oil summer @ 3.31-8.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oil winter @ 24.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oleoresin winter @ 24.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory summer savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory oil
Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 snake root oil canada @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil america @ trace-0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 star fruit oil cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sunflower flower
Search Trop  Picture
 tagete flower oil rwanda @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 1.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tagete oil rwanda @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tangerine fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tangerine oil america @ 0.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil argentina @ 0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil canada @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 2.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tea tree oil australia @ 4.96%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tejpat oil @ 3.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme absolute @ 0.95%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil portuguese @ 19.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 2.55%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 14.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red india @ 7.9%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red spain @ 18.60-25.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil spain @ 2.95%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil spain @ 27.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 9.54%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tomato
Search  Picture
 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 1.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tsauri grass oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 1.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 valerian root oil @ 0.1-1.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 valerian root oil china @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 water mint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 water mint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil america @ 8.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil spain @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil spain @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil america @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus france @ trace-1.23%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 4.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil cuba @ 1.55%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil italy @ 1.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil poland @ 0.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow leaf oil @ 2.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow oil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow oil greece @ 7.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.71-1.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.21-0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.11-0.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 benzene, 1-isopropyl-4-methyl-
 benzene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-
 camphogen
 cumene, p-methyl-
p-cumidine
4-cymene
p-cymene
para-cymene 70% (non citrus) natural
p-cymene FCC
p-cymene natural
para-cymene P & F
 cymene para FCC
para-cymene PF
 cymene, p-
p-cymol
para-cymol
 dolcymene
p-mentha-1,3,5-triene
p-methyl cumene
para-methyl cumene
4-methyl isopropyl benzene
4-methyl isopropylbenzene
4-methyl-1-(methylethyl)benzene
4-methyl-1-(propan-2-yl)benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropyl benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethyl) benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-benzene
 methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(propan-2-yl)benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropyl benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
p-methyl-cumene
p-methylcumene
para-methylcumene
4-methylisopropylbenzene
p-methylisopropylbenzene
 paracymene
 paracymol
p-isopropyl methyl benzene
para-isopropyl methyl benzene
4-isopropyl toluene
p-isopropyl toluene
para-isopropyl toluene
4-isopropyl-1-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzol
p-isopropylmethylbenzene
para-isopropylmethylbenzene
4-isopropyltoluene
p-isopropyltoluene
para-isopropyltoluene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed: Volatile compounds of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa L.) from microwave-heating and conventional roasting.
PubMed: Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Flavor components of monoterpenes in citrus essential oils enhance the release of monoamines from rat brain slices.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oil components from different Carum copticum L. samples from Iran.
PubMed: Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography for determination of the terpenes profile of blue honeysuckle berries.
PubMed: Stabilization of sunflower oil with Carum copticum Benth & Hook essential oil.
PubMed: Identification and Characterization of Dimeric Oxidation Products of p-Cymene-2,3-diol Isolated from Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed: Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum Desf. at different phenological stages.
PubMed: Comparative investigation of Umbellularia californica and Laurus nobilis leaf essential oils and identification of constituents active against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed: Disruption of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascade and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by an essential oil from Monarda citriodora.
PubMed: Headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of volatile compounds in different varieties of African star apple fruit (Chrysophillum albidum).
PubMed: Isolation of volatiles from Nigella sativa seeds using microwave-assisted extraction: effect of whole extracts on canine and murine CYP1A.
PubMed: Enhanced inhibition of Aspergillus niger on sedge (Lepironia articulata) treated with heat-cured lime oil.
PubMed: Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed: Comparison between supercritical CO2 extraction and hydrodistillation for two species of eucalyptus: yield, chemical composition, and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Coupled extruder-headspace, a new method for analysis of the essential oil components of Coriandrum sativum fruits.
PubMed: A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed: Effect of essential oil from fresh leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. on mycoflora during storage of peanuts in Benin.
PubMed: Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Carum copticum seed and Ferula assafoetida latex.
PubMed: Synergistic combinations of high hydrostatic pressure and essential oils or their constituents and their use in preservation of fruit juices.
PubMed: Relation between chemical composition or antioxidant activity and antihypertensive activity for six essential oils.
PubMed: The effects of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oils on Brochothrix thermosphacta and on the shelf life of beef packaged in high-oxygen modified atmosphere.
PubMed: Insecticidal and acetylcholine esterase inhibition activity of Apiaceae plant essential oils and their constituents against adults of German cockroach (Blattella germanica).
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of Zataria multiflora essential oil and its main components on nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide production in glucose-stimulated human monocyte.
PubMed: Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed: Effect of gamma-irradiation on some chemical characteristics and volatile content of linseed.
PubMed: Oregano: chemical analysis and evaluation of its antimalarial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial and spasmolytic properties of Poliomintha longiflora and Lippia graveolens essential oils.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Gnaphlium affine.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Bidens tripartita L. roots and its antibacterial and antifungal activities.
PubMed: Chemoprevention by essential oil of turmeric leaves (Curcuma longa L.) on the growth of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Cicuta virosa L. var. latisecta Celak.
PubMed: Chemical and genetic diversity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. accessions growing wild in Iran.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. essential oil against Clostridium perfringens type A inoculated in mortadella-type sausages formulated with different levels of sodium nitrite.
PubMed: Essential oil of Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link. from Matmata, Tunisia: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination.
PubMed: Fatty Acids, Essential Oil, And Phenolics Modifications of Black Cumin Fruit under NaCl Stress Conditions.
PubMed: Antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Satureja wiedemanniana against Bacillus species isolated from chicken meat.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of cumin oil (Cuminum cyminum, Apiaceae).
PubMed: Screening of the constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endemic Origanum hypericifolium O. Schwartz & P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Chemical composition and anticancer and antioxidant activities of Schinus molle L. and Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi berries essential oils.
PubMed: Assessment of factors influencing antimicrobial activity of carvacrol and cymene against Vibrio cholerae in food.
PubMed: Essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) Ietswaart from Tunisia: chemical composition and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant, antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Thymus marschallianus Will. and Thymus proximus Serg.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis var. longicaulis.
PubMed: The influence of harvest time on essential oil composition, phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of Turkish oregano (Origanum onites L.).
PubMed: Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed: Synergistic antimicrobial effect of nisin and p-cymene on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi in vitro and on ready-to-eat food.
PubMed: Chemical composition and inhibitory activity against Helicobacter pylori of the essential oil of Apium nodiflorum (Apiaceae).
PubMed: In vitro screening of essential oil from young and mature leaves of Artemisia scoparia compared to its major constituents for free radical scavenging activity.
PubMed: Lippia origanoides chemotype differentiation based on essential oil GC-MS and principal component analysis.
PubMed: Comparison of volatile profiles of nine litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cultivars from Southern China.
PubMed: Influence of growth regulators in biomass production and volatile profile of in vitro plantlets of Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed: Comparison of chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Nigella sativa seed essential oils obtained by different extraction methods.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities.
PubMed: Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed: Processing and storage effects on orange juice aroma: a review.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oil and headspace-solid microextracts from fruits of Myrica gale L. and antifungal activity.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey.
PubMed: Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed: Increasing antioxidant activity and reducing decay of blueberries by essential oils.
PubMed: Effect of maturation on the composition and biological activity of the essential oil of a commercially important Satureja species from Turkey: Satureja cuneifolia Ten. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Antimycotoxigenic characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis and Trachyspermum copticum L. essential oils.
PubMed: Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of Laurus nobilis essential oil composition of northern Cyprus.
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of Escherichia coli mutants exhibiting altered response to thymol.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile constituents in the essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from different origins and its antifungal and antioxidant activity.
PubMed: Interaction of four monoterpenes contained in essential oils with model membranes: implications for their antibacterial activity.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Conflicting demands on detoxification pathways influence how common brushtail possums choose their diets.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oils of Thymus and Origanum species from Algeria and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.
PubMed: Critical components of odors in evaluating the performance of food waste composting plants.
PubMed: Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed: Structural requirements for the antimicrobial activity of carvacrol.
PubMed: Estimation of aroma glycosides of nutmeg and their changes during radiation processing.
PubMed: Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils isolated from Thymbra capitata L. (Cav.) andOriganum vulgare L.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed: Volatile components and key odorants of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed: Carvacrol and p-cymene inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice.
PubMed: Increase in activity of essential oil components carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli O157:H7 by addition of food stabilizers.
PubMed: Application of artificial neural network on mono- and sesquiterpenes compounds determined by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the Piedmont ricotta cheese traceability.
PubMed: Effect of solution conductivity on the volatile constituents of Origanum dictamnus L. in nutrient film culture.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of citrus essences on Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed: Antioxidant activity of plant extracts on the inhibition of citral off-odor formation.
PubMed: Formation mechanism of p-methylacetophenone from citral via a tert-alkoxy radical intermediate.
PubMed: Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review.
PubMed: Chemical constituents, antifungal and antioxidative effects of ajwain essential oil and its acetone extract.
PubMed: In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and various extracts of Thymus eigii M. Zohary et P.H. Davis.
PubMed: Investigation of the Origanum onites L. essential oil using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay.
PubMed: Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed: Seasonal and phenological variations of the essential oil from the narrow endemic species Artemisia molinieri and its biological activities.
PubMed: Unexpected superoxide dismutase antioxidant activity of ferric chloride in acetonitrile.
PubMed: In vitro analysis of the properties of Beiqishen tea.
PubMed: Isolation of volatile oil from thyme (Thymbra spicata) by steam distillation.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed: In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of herbal parts and callus cultures of Satureja hortensis L.
PubMed: Mechanism of inhibition of lipid peroxidation by gamma-terpinene, an unusual and potentially useful hydrocarbon antioxidant.
PubMed: Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus.
PubMed: Analysis of volatile compounds of tapereb√° (Spondias mombin L.) and caj√° (Spondias mombin L.) by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) and solid phase microextraction (SPME).
PubMed: Characterization of Citrus unshiu (C. unshiu Marcov. forma Miyagawa-wase) blossom aroma by solid-phase microextraction in conjunction with an electronic nose.
PubMed: Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: SPME applied to the study of volatile organic compounds emitted by three species of Eucalyptus in situ. Solid-phase micro extraction.
PubMed: Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus.
PubMed: Determination of monoterpene hydrocarbons and alcohols in Majorana hortensis Moench by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic.
PubMed: Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed: Modeling the partition of volatile aroma compounds from a cloud emulsion.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey.
PubMed: Attractiveness of 79 compounds and mixtures to wild Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in field trials.
PubMed: Quantitative analysis of aroma compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) cultivars by capillary gas chromatography using large-volume injection technique.
PubMed: Correlation between the chemical and genetic relationships among commercial thyme cultivars.
PubMed: Fungitoxic activity of 12 essential oils against four postharvest citrus pathogens: chemical analysis of thymus capitatus oil and its effect in subatmospheric pressure conditions.
PubMed: In vivo measurement of flavour release from mixed phase gels.
PubMed: Comparison of eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. oils from Mozambique as obtained by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed: Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins by phenolic substances in different essential oils varieties.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed: Orbital cortex neuronal responses during an odor-based conditioned associative task in rats.
PubMed: Airborne Compositae dermatitis: monoterpenes and no parthenolide are released from flowering Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) plants.
PubMed: Four weeks' inhalation exposure of rats to p-cymene affects regional and synaptosomal neurochemistry.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method to characterise the transfer of dietary odorous compounds into plasma and milk.
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