EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

para-cymene
4-methyl-1-isopropylbenzene

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
CAS Number: 99-87-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-796-7
FDA UNII:1G1C8T1N7Q
Nikkaji Web:J11.621A
Beilstein Number:1903377
MDL:MFCD00008893
CoE Number:620
XlogP3:4.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:134.22158000
Formula:C10 H14
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1325 p-cymene
FLAVIS Number:01.002 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.002 1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
FEMA Number:2356 p-cymene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: P-CYMENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.85300 to 0.85500 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.098 to 7.114
Refractive Index:1.48900 to 1.49100 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -68.90 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 176.00 to 178.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 91.00 to 92.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:1.460000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density:4.62 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 117.00 °F. TCC ( 47.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.100
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 27.88 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 23.4 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength:high ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Substantivity: < 2 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh citrus terpenic woody spicy
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fresh citrus terpene woody spice
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
chemical woody terpenic citrus lemon spicy cumin origanum cilantro
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in ethyl alcohol. Harsh chemical, woody and terpy-like with an oxidized citrus lemon note. It has spicy nuances reminiscent of cumin, oregano and cilantro
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Flavor Type: terpenic
terpenic rancid woody citrus spicy pepper bell pepper origanum
Taste Description: at 1.00 - 10.00 ppm. Terpy and rancid with slightly woody oxidized citrus notes. It has spice nuances of green pepper and oregano
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Moellhausen
para-CYMENE
Odor Description:terpenic, harsh, coniferous note
Alfrebro
P-Cymene, Natural
Odor Description:Fresh Citrus Terpene Woody Spicy
Pell Wall Perfumes
para-Cymene
Odor Description:Sweet, soft, fresh, lemon, bergamot
According to Arctander this “highly purified material smells more citrusy, reminiscent of Lemon and Bergamot topnotes, having more freshness.”
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
 
Suppliers:
Alfrebro
P-Cymene, Natural
Odor: Fresh Citrus Terpene Woody Spicy
Augustus Oils
Cymene Para
Services
Aurochemicals
CYMENE PARA, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PARA-CYMENE Natural, Kosher
Sustainability
Berjé
P-Cymene
Happening at Berje
Camphor & Allied Products
para-Cymene
CG Herbals
para-Cymene
Creatingperfume.com
P-Cymene 50 (Cymene Para)
Odor: fresh citrus terpene woody spice
De Monchy Aromatics
para-Cymene P&F
DRT Terpenes
para-CYMENE PF
≥ 97%
ECSA Chemicals
para-Cymene
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
para-CYMENE CHINA
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Ernesto Ventós
para-CYMENE
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Excellentia International
para-Cymene Natural
Excellentia International
para-Cymene
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
4-Cymene (GC) ≥99%
Fleurchem
para-cymene
Foreverest Resources
p-Cymene 98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cymene, or p-cymene, is a naturally occurring aromatic organic compound. Cymene is produced by high purity separate technique which is applied in distilling of gum turpentine oil. And also formed in sulfite pulping process from the wood terpenes. It is classified as a hydrocarbon related to a monoterpene. Its structure consists of a benzene ring para-substituted with a methyl group and an isopropyl group. It is insoluble in water, but miscible with ethanol and ether.
Fuzhou Farwell
P-Cymene 98%min
Indukern F&F
PARA-CYMENE NATURAL
Indukern F&F
PARA-CYMENE
Odor: TERPENIC, FRESH, CITRUS
Jiangyin Healthway
Cymene
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
para-CYMENE NATURAL
M&U International
para-CYMENE, Kosher
Moellhausen
para-CYMENE
Odor: terpenic, harsh, coniferous note
Natural Advantage
p-Cymene Nat
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
p-Cymene 95% up
Odowell Co.,ltd
Para Cymene
Pearlchem Corporation
para-Cymene
Pell Wall Perfumes
para-Cymene
Odor: Sweet, soft, fresh, lemon, bergamot
Use: According to Arctander this “highly purified material smells more citrusy, reminiscent of Lemon and Bergamot topnotes, having more freshness.”
Penta International
p-CYMENE FCC, Kosher
Penta International
p-CYMENE NATURAL, Kosher
Prodasynth
para-CYMENE > 97
Odor: CITRIC, TERPENIC, LEMON, BERGAMOT
Reincke & Fichtner
p-Cymene
Renessenz (Symris)
Para-Cymene P & F, 99% min
Odor: Citrus, Herbal, Lemon/Lime
Use: Used in lemon and bergamot flavor and fragrance applications.
Riverside Aromatics
p -CYMENE, NATURAL
Robertet
Para-cymène naturel
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cymene >95%
Sigma-Aldrich
p-Cymene, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
para-CYMENE P&F FCC
SRS Aromatics
para-CYMENE
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
p-Cymene >95.0%(GC)
The Good Scents Company
para-cymene
Odor: fresh citrus terpene woody spice
The John D. Walsh Company
para-Cymene
The Lermond Company
para-Cymene
The Perfumers Apprentice
para-Cymene
Odor: Terpy and rancid with slightly woody oxidized citrus notes
Treatt
para-Cymene 70% (Non Citrus) Natural
Vigon International
Cymene para FCC
Odor: GASSY-KEROSENE LIKE
Vigon International
Cymene Para Natural
Zanos
Para Cymene PF
Odor: Lime and citrus
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 27 - Take off immediately all contaminated clothing.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Eye irritation (Category 2A), H319
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H412
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H319 - Causes serious eye irritation
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
H412 - Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P271 - Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P304 + P340 - IF INHALED: Remove victim to fresh air and Keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P312 - Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician if you feel unwell.
P332 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337 + P313 - IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P233 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 4750 mg/kg
SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: CHROMODACYRORREA: EYE GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA" BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for para-cymene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 926.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 472.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -7.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -3.30000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -250.00000
condiments / relishes: 10.00000130.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -5.30000
fruit ices: -5.30000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -10.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 18 (FGE.18): Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical group 6
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 18, Revision 1 (FGE. 18 Rev1)[1] : Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic saturated and unsaturated tertiary alcohols, aromatic tertiary alcohols and their esters from chemical groups 6 and 8
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 90 (FGE.90): Consideration of Aliphatic, acyclic and alicyclic terpenoid tertiary alcohols and structurally related substances evaluated by JECFA (68th meeting)FGE.18Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf

Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance terpenoid blend QRD-460
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):99-87-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7463
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2046
WGK Germany:2
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
Chemidplus:0000099876
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:99-87-6
 
References:
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:99-87-6
Pubchem (cid):7463
Pubchem (sid):134972062
Flavornet:99-87-6
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Metabolomics Database:Search
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06575
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB05805
FooDB:FDB017358
Export Tariff Code:2902.90.9000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grade: technical cymene •grades of purity: 95+%
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
amber carane
FR
animal
musk indenofuran
FR
anise
estragon absolute
FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
khella oil
FR
myrrh resinoid
FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
valeriana wallichii root oil
FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
citrus ocimenol
FR
citrus woody floral fragrance
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lime oil replacer
FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
cassis specialty
FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
coriander oil fractions
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dihydromyrcene
FR
gardenia amide
FR
ho leaf oil
FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
rose concrete (rosa centifolia)
FR
fruity
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
green
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
acorus calamus rhizome oil
FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
eucalyptus citriodora oil
FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
guava leaf oil cuba
FR
cis-
herbal cyclohexane
FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nonisyl acetate
FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil
FR
common
tansy flower oil dutch
FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
musk
musk indanone
FR
orris
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
peppery
asarum europaeum oil
FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
pine oil 85
FR
saffron
saffron stigmates absolute
FR
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
anona squamosa leaf oil
FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
ayou wood oil
FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
green oxane
FR
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
machilus kusanoi leaf oil
FR
machilus kusanoi wood oil
FR
maja fragrance
FR
myrcene
FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
safrole
CS
spicy carbonate
FR
sugandha kokila berry oil
FR
tea tree oil
FR
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniper branch oil
FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
common
tansy oil canada
FR
vanilla
vanilla cresol
FR
woody
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
dacrydium franklinii wood oil
FR
6,7-
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dragons blood fragrance
FR
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oil
FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
hedychium spicatum root oil
FR
jatamansi root oil
FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
iso
longifolene epoxide
FR
methyl methylene tricyclodecanol
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
santal penten-2-ol
FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
6,7-
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
brown
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
burnt
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena absolute france
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
fruity
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
benzyl propionate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander oil fractions
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
minty
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
smoky
prosopis juliflora wood extract
FL
solvent
methyl phenyl sulfide
FL
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
woody
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
terpinolene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbasil oil replacer
FRberry
FRblackberry
FRblueberry
 boldus oil replacer
FRbutter
FL/FRcamphor tree bark
FL/FRcaraway seed
FLcarrot
FRcelery
FL/FRcilantro
FRcinnamon
FL/FRcoriander
FRcranberry
FL/FRcroton eluteria bark
FRcumin oil replacer
FRcurrant black currant
FRcypress oil replacer
FReucalyptus oil replacer
FRgrapefruit
FRguava
FRlemon
FRmandarin
FRnutmeg
FRorange
FRoregano
FRpapaya
FRpineapple
FRtangerine
FRthyme oil white replacer
FLtomato
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 5.40%
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 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.41%
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 ajowan
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 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 15.57%
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 allspice fruit
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 allspice leaf
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 allspice leaf oil
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 allspice seed
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 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.80%
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 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 1.50%
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 angelica
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 angelica root oil @ 6.39%
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 angelica seed oil @ 1.10%
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 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.29%
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 anise star anise fruit
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 anise star anise seed
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 apricot fruit
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 apricot leaf
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 armoise oil morocco @ 0.1%
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 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.10%
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 artemisia deserti krasch. oil iran @ 1.20%
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 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 1.00%
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 artemisia gypsacea krasch. oil iran @ 2.80%
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 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.40%
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 ayou wood oil @ trace%
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 basil leaf oil
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 basil oil
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 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.02%
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
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 basil plant
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 basil shoot oil
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 basil tissue culture
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 bay laurel leaf
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay leaf oil @ <0.01-0.97%
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 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.1%
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 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.3%
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 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.5%
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 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.1%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.010-0.893%
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 bergamot oil @ 3.5%
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 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.35%
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 bergamot plant wild
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 blackberry fruit
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 blueberry fruit
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 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
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 bois de rose oil brazil @ trace-0.03%
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 boldo leaf
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 boldo leaf oil italy @ 9.51%
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 boldus leaf oil chile @ 8.63%
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 buchu leaf oil @ 0.16%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 9.10%
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 cajuput oil @ 0.6%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 6.8%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.04%
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 camel grass oil @ 0.10%
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 caraway seed
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 caraway seed oil @ trace-0.01%
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 cardamom fruit
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 cardamom fruit oil
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 cardamom root oil
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 cardamom seed oil
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 carrot root
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 carrot seed
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.41%
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 carrot seed oil @ trace%
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 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.06-2.48%
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 9.91%
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 cassia bark oil china @ 4.18%
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 cassia leaf oil china @ 4.18%
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 cassia plant
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 cassis bud oil @ trace-0.48%
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 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.32-0.59%
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 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
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 celery leaf oil
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 celery leaf oil @ 0.50%
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 celery root oil
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 celery seed
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 celery seed oil
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 celery stem oil
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 chamomile flower oil germany @ 0.07%
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 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 champaca concrete @ 0.33%
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 chenopodium ambrosioides oil @ 18.0%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 17.60%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 2.40%
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.25-0.35%
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 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 4.18%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.36%
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 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.36-0.78%
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 cistus oil @ 0.4%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.10%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
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 clary sage oil france @ trace%
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 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.10%
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 clove bud oil @ 0.07%
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 clove leaf oil @ 0.05%
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 clove stem oil india @ 0.05%
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 coriander fruit
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 coriander oil
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 coriander seed
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 coriander seed oil
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 coriander seed oil @ 2.60%
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.90%
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 cornmint leaf
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 cornmint oil india @ 0.02%
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 costmary oil @ 0.11%
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 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 5.30%
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.70%
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 cubeb oil @ 0.59%
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 cumin oil
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 cumin seed
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 cumin seed oil
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ 4.91%
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 cumin seed oil turkey @ 25.2%
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 currant black currant fruit
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 currant black currant leaf
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 curry fruit oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 0.10%
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 curry wood leaf oil australia @ trace%
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 cypress oil @ 0.21-0.24%
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 davana oil @ 0.8%
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 dill leaf
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 dill leaf oil
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 dill oil
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 dill root
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 dill root oil
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 dill seed
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 dill seed oil
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 dill shoot
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 dill weed oil cuba @ 14.38%
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 dill weed oil reunion @ 3.80%
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 6.10%
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 elemi oil @ 7.70%
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 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 8.00%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 24.20%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 17.80%
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 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.27%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ 8.04%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 6.44%
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 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.35%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.86%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 8.23%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 1.60%
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 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.63%
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 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
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 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 1.21%
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 fennel oil
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 fennel root oil
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 fennel seed
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 fennel seed oil bitter spain @ trace%
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 fennel seed oil sweet @ 0.12%
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 feverfew flower oil @ 0.5%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 3.1%
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 fig leaf
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.03-0.16%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.15%
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 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 7.20%
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 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.50%
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 galangal root oil @ 1.60%
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 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.08%
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 geranium oil bourbon @ 0.05%
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 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.10%
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 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.06%
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 geranium stem oil india @ 0.08%
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 ginger root oil china @ 0.13%
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 ginkgo biloba oil
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 ginkgo biloba wood
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 2.90%
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 grapefruit
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.18%
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 guava fruit
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 guava leaf oil cuba @ trace%
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.13%
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 heracleum candolleanum rhizome oil india @ 9.00%
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 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 0.20%
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 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.82%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.53%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.22%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.01%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.05-0.56%
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 0.60%
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 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.20-0.30%
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.30-1.30%
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 hyssop oil
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 hyssop oil @ 0.1%
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 hyssop plant
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 hyssop shoot
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 juniper berry oil @ 0.20%
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 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 1.20%
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 juniper branch oil @ 0.90%
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 juniper needle oil @ 3.60%
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 kachur oil @ 0.10%
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 kewda oil @ 1.08-1.42%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ 1.70%
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 labdanum oil @ 0.43%
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 laurel bark oil @ 0.5%
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 laurel berry oil @ 1.4%
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 laurel leaf oil @ 3.8%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 1.50%
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 laurel stem oil @ 0.4%
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 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.22%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.16%
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 lavender oil @ 1.06%
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 lavender oil france @ 0.33%
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 lavender oil greece @ 0.09%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 1.39%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.13%
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 layana oil kenya @ 2.30%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.30-2.00%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.8%
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 lemon balm shoot
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 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.14%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.27%
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 lemon pericarp oil
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.2%
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.11%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.22%
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 lemongrass oil rwanda @ 0.06%
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 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.92%
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 levisticum officinale seed oil @ 0.59%
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 3.07%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.89%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.30%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 14.50%
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 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.11%
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 lovage flower oil @ 2.33%
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 lovage leaf oil @ 7.11%
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 lovage root
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 lovage root oil @ 0.86%
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 lovage seed oil @ 3.50%
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 mace oil @ 0.20%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.80%
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin leaf oil
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 mandarin oil @ 0.28%
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 mandarin oil @ 4.25%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.23%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.33%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 4.25%
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 mandarin oil japan @ 0.10%
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 mangrove bark red oil cuba @ 0.30%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ trace%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 2.30%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.16%
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 marjoram leaf oil
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.30%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 4.98%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.00-4.20%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 5.70%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 8.07%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 4.31-4.68%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 4.93-24.90%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.33%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.11%
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 mastic oil @ 0.22%
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 melissa oil @ 0.83%
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 melon bitter melon seed oil
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 1.49%
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 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.22%
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 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 0.40%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.70%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.65%
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 narcissus absolute @ 1.27%
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 narcissus absolute @ 8.53%
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 nepeta cephalotes boiss. oil iran @ 2.30%
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 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 4.20%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.20%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.80%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 4.55%
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 nutmeg leaf oil
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 2.49-4.78%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.7%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 1.87%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 olibanum
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 onion fruit juice
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 onion juice
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 orange bigarade oil @ 1.01%
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace-0.04%
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.52%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 1.94%
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 oregano oil
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 oregano oil mexico @ 8.12%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum
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 origanum oil greece @ 6.58%
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 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 0.20%
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 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
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 palmarosa oil @ trace%
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil @ 1.46%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.82%
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 parsley seed
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 parsley seed oil
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 parsley seed oil @ 0.11%
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 parsnip root
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 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.08%
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 pennyroyal oil spain @ 0.10%
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 2.93%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.59%
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 peppermint leaf
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 peppermint oil america @ 0.24%
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 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.22%
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 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ trace%
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 petitgrain bigarade oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 1.40%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.32%
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 petitgrain oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 3.17%
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 peucedanum petiolare (dc) boiss oil iran @ 0.10%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.38%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.87%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.18%
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 pimento berry oil @ 0.2%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.09%
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 pineapple fruit
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.10%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.40%
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 pomelo
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 10.90%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.00%
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 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ trace%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 1.10%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 6.00%
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 pteronia oil @ 11.30%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.97%%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.09%
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 rosemary
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 1.00%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 1.81%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 1.20%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.77%
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 rosemary oil france @ 1.39-1.54%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.99-1.40%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 1.8%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 10.50%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 rue oil china @ 0.02%
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 rue oil cuba @ 0.01%
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 safflower bud
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 safflower leaf
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 saffron stigma
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 saffron stigma
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 0.20%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.35%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.20%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.30%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.90%
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 sage oil england @ 0.20%
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 sage oil germany @ 1.29%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 1.50%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 0.60%
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 sage oil reunion @ 0.40%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 0.90%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.4-2.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 1.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 2.00%
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 sage plant
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 sage shoot
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 0.40%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 0.35%
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 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 1.52%
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 salvia sclarea oil @ 0.18%
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 salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia @ 0.12%
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 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.37%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 39.60%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
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 savin oil @ 0.14%
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 savin oil @ 0.20%
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 savory oil summer @ 3.31-8.60%
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 savory oil winter @ 24.70%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 24.70%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.30%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ trace-0.04%
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 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ trace%
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 star fruit oil cuba @ trace%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 3.60%
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 sunflower flower
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ 0.30%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 1.12%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 8.90%
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 tangerine fruit
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 tangerine oil america @ 0.48%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.37%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.40%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.40%
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 tansy oil argentina @ 0.32%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.80%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 2.20%
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 tarragon oil
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 tea tree oil australia @ 4.96%
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 tejpat oil @ 3.20%
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 thyme absolute @ 0.95%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 19.9%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 2.55%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 14.3%
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 thyme oil red india @ 7.9%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 18.60-25.34%
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 thyme oil spain @ 2.95%
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 thyme oil spain @ 27.63%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 0.70%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.10%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.16%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 9.54%
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 thyme plant
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 2.10%
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 tomato
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 1.30%
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 tsauri grass oil @ 0.30%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.15%
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 1.09%
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.05%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-1.5%
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 valerian root oil china @ 0.40%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.02%
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 vassoura oil @ 0.10%
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 water mint leaf
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 water mint shoot
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 wormseed oil america @ 8.09%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.03%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.2%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.28%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ trace-1.23%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 4.08%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 1.55%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 1.0%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 0.77%
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 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.10%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 2.80%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.60%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 7.40%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.71-1.09%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.21-0.40%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.11-0.48%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 zinnia elegans jacq. flower oil brazil @ 9.10%
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Synonyms:
 benzene, 1-isopropyl-4-methyl-
 benzene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-
 camphogen
 cumene, p-methyl-
p-cumidine
4-cymene
p-cymene
para-cymene 70% (non citrus) natural
p-cymene FCC
p-cymene natural
para-cymene P & F
 cymene para FCC
para-cymene PF
 cymene, p-
p-cymol
para-cymol
 dolcymene
p-mentha-1,3,5-triene
p-methyl cumene
para-methyl cumene
4-methyl isopropyl benzene
4-methyl isopropylbenzene
4-methyl-1-(methylethyl)benzene
4-methyl-1-(propan-2-yl)benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropyl benzene
4-methyl-1-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethyl) benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)-benzene
 methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethyl)benzene
1-methyl-4-(propan-2-yl)benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropyl benzene
1-methyl-4-isopropylbenzene
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylbenzene
p-methyl-cumene
p-methylcumene
para-methylcumene
4-methylisopropylbenzene
p-methylisopropylbenzene
 paracymene
 paracymol
p-isopropyl methyl benzene
para-isopropyl methyl benzene
4-isopropyl toluene
p-isopropyl toluene
para-isopropyl toluene
4-isopropyl-1-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-benzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzene
1-isopropyl-4-methylbenzol
p-isopropylmethylbenzene
para-isopropylmethylbenzene
4-isopropyltoluene
p-isopropyltoluene
para-isopropyltoluene
 

Articles:

PubMed:Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed:Volatile compounds of black cumin seeds (Nigella sativa L.) from microwave-heating and conventional roasting.
PubMed:Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed:Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Flavor components of monoterpenes in citrus essential oils enhance the release of monoamines from rat brain slices.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil components from different Carum copticum L. samples from Iran.
PubMed:Comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography for determination of the terpenes profile of blue honeysuckle berries.
PubMed:Stabilization of sunflower oil with Carum copticum Benth & Hook essential oil.
PubMed:Identification and Characterization of Dimeric Oxidation Products of p-Cymene-2,3-diol Isolated from Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed:Satureja horvatii essential oil: in vitro antimicrobial and antiradical properties and in situ control of Listeria monocytogenes in pork meat.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antibacterial activity of Origanum vulgare subsp. glandulosum Desf. at different phenological stages.
PubMed:Comparative investigation of Umbellularia californica and Laurus nobilis leaf essential oils and identification of constituents active against Aedes aegypti.
PubMed:Disruption of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling cascade and induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells by an essential oil from Monarda citriodora.
PubMed:Headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography-mass spectrometry determination of volatile compounds in different varieties of African star apple fruit (Chrysophillum albidum).
PubMed:Isolation of volatiles from Nigella sativa seeds using microwave-assisted extraction: effect of whole extracts on canine and murine CYP1A.
PubMed:Enhanced inhibition of Aspergillus niger on sedge (Lepironia articulata) treated with heat-cured lime oil.
PubMed:Efficacy of plant essential oils on postharvest control of rots caused by fungi on different stone fruits in vivo.
PubMed:Comparison between supercritical CO2 extraction and hydrodistillation for two species of eucalyptus: yield, chemical composition, and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Coupled extruder-headspace, a new method for analysis of the essential oil components of Coriandrum sativum fruits.
PubMed:A herbal antifungal formulation of Thymus serpillum, Origanum vulgare and Rosmarinus officinalis for treating ovine dermatophytosis due to Trichophyton mentagrophytes.
PubMed:Effect of essential oil from fresh leaves of Ocimum gratissimum L. on mycoflora during storage of peanuts in Benin.
PubMed:Evaluation of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oils from Carum copticum seed and Ferula assafoetida latex.
PubMed:Synergistic combinations of high hydrostatic pressure and essential oils or their constituents and their use in preservation of fruit juices.
PubMed:Relation between chemical composition or antioxidant activity and antihypertensive activity for six essential oils.
PubMed:The effects of thyme (Thymus vulgaris) and rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oils on Brochothrix thermosphacta and on the shelf life of beef packaged in high-oxygen modified atmosphere.
PubMed:Insecticidal and acetylcholine esterase inhibition activity of Apiaceae plant essential oils and their constituents against adults of German cockroach (Blattella germanica).
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of Zataria multiflora essential oil and its main components on nitric oxide and hydrogen peroxide production in glucose-stimulated human monocyte.
PubMed:Volatile aroma components and antioxidant activities of the flavedo peel extract of unripe Shiikuwasha (Citrus depressa Hayata).
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Satureja kitaibelii essential oil against pathogenic microbial strains.
PubMed:Effect of gamma-irradiation on some chemical characteristics and volatile content of linseed.
PubMed:Oregano: chemical analysis and evaluation of its antimalarial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial and spasmolytic properties of Poliomintha longiflora and Lippia graveolens essential oils.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Gnaphlium affine.
PubMed:Composition of the essential oil of Bidens tripartita L. roots and its antibacterial and antifungal activities.
PubMed:Chemoprevention by essential oil of turmeric leaves (Curcuma longa L.) on the growth of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oil from Cicuta virosa L. var. latisecta Celak.
PubMed:Chemical and genetic diversity of Zataria multiflora Boiss. accessions growing wild in Iran.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of Satureja montana L. essential oil against Clostridium perfringens type A inoculated in mortadella-type sausages formulated with different levels of sodium nitrite.
PubMed:Essential oil of Thymus capitatus Hoff. et Link. from Matmata, Tunisia: gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination.
PubMed:Fatty Acids, Essential Oil, And Phenolics Modifications of Black Cumin Fruit under NaCl Stress Conditions.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Satureja wiedemanniana against Bacillus species isolated from chicken meat.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of cumin oil (Cuminum cyminum, Apiaceae).
PubMed:Screening of the constituents, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of endemic Origanum hypericifolium O. Schwartz & P.H. Davis.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anticancer and antioxidant activities of Schinus molle L. and Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi berries essential oils.
PubMed:Assessment of factors influencing antimicrobial activity of carvacrol and cymene against Vibrio cholerae in food.
PubMed:Essential oils of Origanum vulgare L. subsp. glandulosum (Desf.) Ietswaart from Tunisia: chemical composition and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant, antimicrobial activities of the essential oils of Thymus marschallianus Will. and Thymus proximus Serg.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of Thymus longicaulis C. Presl subsp. longicaulis var. longicaulis.
PubMed:The influence of harvest time on essential oil composition, phenolic constituents and antioxidant properties of Turkish oregano (Origanum onites L.).
PubMed:Antibacterial activities of essential oils and extracts of Turkish Achillea, Satureja and Thymus species against plant pathogenic bacteria.
PubMed:Synergistic antimicrobial effect of nisin and p-cymene on Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi in vitro and on ready-to-eat food.
PubMed:Chemical composition and inhibitory activity against Helicobacter pylori of the essential oil of Apium nodiflorum (Apiaceae).
PubMed:In vitro screening of essential oil from young and mature leaves of Artemisia scoparia compared to its major constituents for free radical scavenging activity.
PubMed:Lippia origanoides chemotype differentiation based on essential oil GC-MS and principal component analysis.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile profiles of nine litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) cultivars from Southern China.
PubMed:Influence of growth regulators in biomass production and volatile profile of in vitro plantlets of Thymus vulgaris L.
PubMed:Comparison of chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Nigella sativa seed essential oils obtained by different extraction methods.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oils of Thymus and Mentha species and their antifungal activities.
PubMed:Bioactivity-guided fractionation and GC/MS fingerprinting of Angelica sinensis and Angelica archangelica root components for antifungal and mosquito deterrent activity.
PubMed:Processing and storage effects on orange juice aroma: a review.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oil and headspace-solid microextracts from fruits of Myrica gale L. and antifungal activity.
PubMed:Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antifungal activity of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) oil from Turkey.
PubMed:Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed:Increasing antioxidant activity and reducing decay of blueberries by essential oils.
PubMed:Effect of maturation on the composition and biological activity of the essential oil of a commercially important Satureja species from Turkey: Satureja cuneifolia Ten. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Antimycotoxigenic characteristics of Rosmarinus officinalis and Trachyspermum copticum L. essential oils.
PubMed:Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of Laurus nobilis essential oil composition of northern Cyprus.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of Escherichia coli mutants exhibiting altered response to thymol.
PubMed:Characterization of the volatile constituents in the essential oil of Pistacia lentiscus L. from different origins and its antifungal and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Interaction of four monoterpenes contained in essential oils with model membranes: implications for their antibacterial activity.
PubMed:Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed:Conflicting demands on detoxification pathways influence how common brushtail possums choose their diets.
PubMed:Composition of the essential oils of Thymus and Origanum species from Algeria and their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities.
PubMed:Critical components of odors in evaluating the performance of food waste composting plants.
PubMed:Lipolytic effects of citrus peel oils and their components.
PubMed:Structural requirements for the antimicrobial activity of carvacrol.
PubMed:Estimation of aroma glycosides of nutmeg and their changes during radiation processing.
PubMed:Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils isolated from Thymbra capitata L. (Cav.) andOriganum vulgare L.
PubMed:Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed:Volatile components and key odorants of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) oil extracts obtained by simultaneous distillation-extraction and supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed:Carvacrol and p-cymene inactivate Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple juice.
PubMed:Increase in activity of essential oil components carvacrol and thymol against Escherichia coli O157:H7 by addition of food stabilizers.
PubMed:Application of artificial neural network on mono- and sesquiterpenes compounds determined by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry for the Piedmont ricotta cheese traceability.
PubMed:Effect of solution conductivity on the volatile constituents of Origanum dictamnus L. in nutrient film culture.
PubMed:Evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of citrus essences on Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Antioxidant activity of plant extracts on the inhibition of citral off-odor formation.
PubMed:Formation mechanism of p-methylacetophenone from citral via a tert-alkoxy radical intermediate.
PubMed:Essential oils: their antibacterial properties and potential applications in foods--a review.
PubMed:Chemical constituents, antifungal and antioxidative effects of ajwain essential oil and its acetone extract.
PubMed:In vitro antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils and various extracts of Thymus eigii M. Zohary et P.H. Davis.
PubMed:Investigation of the Origanum onites L. essential oil using the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay.
PubMed:Influence of nitrogen fertilizers on the yield and composition of thyme (Thymus vulgaris).
PubMed:Seasonal and phenological variations of the essential oil from the narrow endemic species Artemisia molinieri and its biological activities.
PubMed:Unexpected superoxide dismutase antioxidant activity of ferric chloride in acetonitrile.
PubMed:In vitro analysis of the properties of Beiqishen tea.
PubMed:Isolation of volatile oil from thyme (Thymbra spicata) by steam distillation.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed:In vitro antibacterial, antifungal, and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of herbal parts and callus cultures of Satureja hortensis L.
PubMed:Mechanism of inhibition of lipid peroxidation by gamma-terpinene, an unusual and potentially useful hydrocarbon antioxidant.
PubMed:Bacterial susceptibility to and chemical composition of essential oils from Thymus kotschyanus and Thymus persicus.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile compounds of tapereb√° (Spondias mombin L.) and caj√° (Spondias mombin L.) by simultaneous distillation and extraction (SDE) and solid phase microextraction (SPME).
PubMed:Characterization of Citrus unshiu (C. unshiu Marcov. forma Miyagawa-wase) blossom aroma by solid-phase microextraction in conjunction with an electronic nose.
PubMed:Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Thymus pectinatus Fisch. et Mey. Var. pectinatus (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:SPME applied to the study of volatile organic compounds emitted by three species of Eucalyptus in situ. Solid-phase micro extraction.
PubMed:Effect of phosphorus concentration of the nutrient solution on the volatile constituents of leaves and bracts of Origanum dictamnus.
PubMed:Determination of monoterpene hydrocarbons and alcohols in Majorana hortensis Moench by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic.
PubMed:Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed:Modeling the partition of volatile aroma compounds from a cloud emulsion.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey.
PubMed:Attractiveness of 79 compounds and mixtures to wild Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae) in field trials.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of aroma compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) cultivars by capillary gas chromatography using large-volume injection technique.
PubMed:Correlation between the chemical and genetic relationships among commercial thyme cultivars.
PubMed:Fungitoxic activity of 12 essential oils against four postharvest citrus pathogens: chemical analysis of thymus capitatus oil and its effect in subatmospheric pressure conditions.
PubMed:In vivo measurement of flavour release from mixed phase gels.
PubMed:Comparison of eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehn. oils from Mozambique as obtained by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Inhibition of oxidation of human low-density lipoproteins by phenolic substances in different essential oils varieties.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of carvacrol toward Bacillus cereus on rice.
PubMed:Orbital cortex neuronal responses during an odor-based conditioned associative task in rats.
PubMed:Airborne Compositae dermatitis: monoterpenes and no parthenolide are released from flowering Tanacetum parthenium (feverfew) plants.
PubMed:Four weeks' inhalation exposure of rats to p-cymene affects regional and synaptosomal neurochemistry.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric method to characterise the transfer of dietary odorous compounds into plasma and milk.
 
Notes:
lemon enhancer. V. widely distributed in plant oils e.g. terpentine and citrus oils and many others. Used in flavour industries
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