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citronella oil ceylon
essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon (syn: andropogon) nardus (l.), gramineae

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
CAS Number: 8000-29-1
ECHA EC Number:289-753-6
FDA UNII:QYO8Q067D0
Also Contains:cymbopogon nardus rendle herb extract
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number:2308 citronella oil ceylon
FDA Mainterm: CITRONELLA, OIL (CYMBOPOGON NARDUS RENDLE)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to dark yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.89400 to 0.91000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.439 to 7.572
Refractive Index:1.47900 to 1.48000 @ 20.00 °C.
Acid Value: 2.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.150000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 175.00 °F. TCC ( 79.44 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 paraffin oil, slightly cloudy
 water, 38.94 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: citrus
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:28 hour(s) at 100.00 %
lemon grassy woody rose fresh wet leafy
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. lemony grassy woody rose fresh wet leaves
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
Flavor Type: citrus
">citronella
Taste Description: citronella
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Albert Vieille SAS
Citronnella Essential oil Sri Lanka
Odor: fresh herbaceous with a citral-like note
Use: Citronella is a grass native to India and Ceylon. Nicknamed “citron grass” or “West Indian lemongrass” because of the leaves’ powerful lemony scent, it is often confused with melissa or verbena. Citronella is an evergreen plant that forms dense tufts of smooth stems. The long, fragrant leaves are narrow, linear, and stiff. The essential oil is extracted from plants grown in Sri Lanka. They have a life expectancy of six to eight years and reach their maximum essential-oil yield the third and fourth years. Citronella plants are cut with a sickle and gathered in bundles before being transported to distilleries. The resulting essential oil has a fresh herbaceous fragrance with a citral-like note.
Harvest Calendar
Anhui Haibei
Citronella oil 35/85
Odor: Lemony grassy woody rosey fresh wet leaves
Astral Extracts
Citronella Oil Ceylon
Augustus Oils
Citronella Oil Ceylon
Services
Berjé
Citronella Oil Ceylon
Happening at Berje
Diffusions Aromatiques
CITRONNELLE CEYLAN HE
Earthoil
Citronella Oil Nardus Type Organic
ECSA Chemicals
Citronella Oil (Ceylon type)
Company Profile
Fleurchem
citronella oil ceylon "estate"
Foreverest Resources
Citronella Oil 85%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Citronella oil, member of a class of naturally occurring organic substances called terpenes, which is obtained from the leaves of the oil grasses Cymbopogon nardus and C.winterianus. As the wide range of uses, Citronella oil is mindly used for medicines to perfumes for soaps. Two derivatives of citronella oil include the alcohol citronellol and the aldehyde citronellal.
George Uhe Company
Citronella Oil Ceylon
HDDES Group
Citronella Oil
Organic and Conventional
Odor: characteristic
Use: The specie of citronella belongs to cymbopogon and one of the most important parts of essential oils distilled in HDDES group. There are several varieties of citronella available in the world however Sri Lanka is famous for its own variety known to be as Ceylon and each variety differs from one another. This tropical grass is mostly grown in dry zones of the Island, where down south and Maiyanganaya can be manifested as the mostly grown districts. The plantation owned by the organization is where the raw materials are harvested and we at HDDES group manufacture the oil by using steam distillation method. In practice citronella oil are used for scenting of soaps, sprays, disinfectants, etc. in supplement it is also used as a raw material for extraction of geraniol and citronella. The majority buyers in contemporary in food and beverages industry are used for non-alcoholic beverages such as ice creams, candy, baked foods, etc.
Hermitage Oils
Citronella Nardus Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “Citronella Nardus Essential Oil is obtained from the scented grass which grows wild and is cultivated in Sri Lanka and other tropical areas. The colour is yellow brown with a very powerful sweet lemony scent. The main chemical constituents are citronellal and geraniol, with traces of other chemicals which vary as several varieties of the grass are used. Used extensively as an insect repellent.”
The Vault
Liberty Natural Products
CITRONELLA SRI LANKA
Lluch Essence
CITRONELLA CEYLAN OIL
Moellhausen
CITRONELLA CEYLON EO
Payand Betrand
Citronnella rectified oil France
Penta International
CITRONELLA OIL, CEYLON, NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Citronella Oil
Odor: lemony grassy woody rosey fresh wet leaves harsh lemon herb fresh powerful lemony
Use: Blends-well-with - +Citral +Terpineol +Isobornyl Acetate +Rosemary +Origanum geranium lemon bergamot orange cedarwood and pine.
Plants Power
Citronella Oil
Odor: powerfully fresh, lemony
Use: Citronella has an uplifting effect, easing feelings of sadness and depression. It is commonly used as an insect repellent or inhaled to treat colds, flus and minor infections. Citronella’s deodorizing effects combat excessive perspiration as well as refreshing tired, sweaty feet.
Ultra International
Citronella Oil
Cymbopogon Nardus
Crop Calendar
Ungerer & Company
Citronella Oil Ceylon
White Lotus Aromatics
Citronella essential oil
Odor: eet, fresh herbaceoous, bouquet with rosy-citrus, woody undertone
Use: In natural perfumery used in herbal accords, colognes, citrus notes, apothecary blends, aromatherapy preparations, mosquito repellents.
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 37/38 - Irritating to respiratory system and skin.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
R 63 - Possible risk of harm to the unborn child.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 45 - In case of accident or if you feel unwell seek medical advice immediately.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 4), H227
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 5), H303
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Serious eye damage (Category 1), H318
Specific target organ toxicity - single exposure (Category 3), Respiratory system, H335
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Danger
Hazard statement(s)
H227 - Combustible liquid
H303 - May be harmfulif swallowed
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H318 - Causes serious eye damage
H335 - May cause respiratory irritation
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
Precautionary statement(s)
P251 - Pressurized container: Do not pierce or burn, even after use.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305 + P351 + P338 - IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continue rinsing.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 7200 mg/kg
Pharmazie. Vol. 14, Pg. 435, 1959.

intraperitoneal-rat LD50 713 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ANTIPSYCHOTIC SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: PTOSIS: EYE BEHAVIORAL: CHANGES IN MOTOR ACTIVITY (SPECIFIC ASSAY)
Indian Journal of Experimental Biology. Vol. 9, Pg. 515, 1971.

oral-mouse LD50 4600 mg/kg
Tokishikoroji Foramu. Toxicology Forum. Vol. 8, Pg. 91, 1985.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 4700 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 11, Pg. 1067, 1973.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
farnesol Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
citronellol Max. Found: <8.50 % and Reason: Sensitization
citral Max. Found: <1.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: <23.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
methyl eugenol Max. Found: <2.00 % and Reason: Potential carcinogenic activity in animals
eugenol Max. Found: traces to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for citronella oil ceylon usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -21.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -17.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -26.00000
fruit ices: -26.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -25.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Conclusion on the peer review of the pesticide risk assessment of the active substance plant oils/citronella oil
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8000-29-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
Chemidplus:0008000291
RTECS:GE8750000 for cas# 8000-29-1
 
References:
 cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8000-29-1
Pubchem (sid):135289152
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
citrus carbaldehyde
FR
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
callitropsis araucarioides wood oil
FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
citronella
4,8-
dimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FR
citrus
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
aldehydic nitrile
FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citronella fragrance
FR
citronella oil
FL/FR
citronella oil china
FR
citronella oil java replacer
FR
citronella oil terpenes
FR
citronella oil zimbabwe
FR
citronellone
FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
geranyl nitrile
CS
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
grapefruit pentanol
FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
mandarin lemon fagrance
FR
melissa absolute replacer
FL/FR
melissa oil replacer
FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
3-
methyl-4-(2-methyl butyl oxy) butyraldehyde
FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronella oil java
FR
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
eucalyptus macarthurii oil
FR
floral pyranol
FR
floral undecenone
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal residue
FR
leerall
FR
lilyall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalool terpenes
FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
primrose fragrance
FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
green
iso
decanal
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-
methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzene
FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
eucalyptus citriodora oil
FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
honey
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
gingergrass oil
FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
woody
(E)-
ethyl geranate
FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetone
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
melissa absolute replacer
FL/FR
melissa oil
FL
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
octanal (aldehyde C-8)
FL/FR
balsamic
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citronella oil
FL/FR
grapefruit oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon carbonyls
FL
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
tangerine oil america
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
verbena oil morocco
FL
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
musty
geranyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
spicy
benzylidene acetone
FL
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
delta-
damascone
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRabronia
 agrumen
FRaldehydic
FRalmond
 ash mountain ash berry
FRcalamus
FL/FRcedrat
FL/FRcitronella
FRcitrus
FRcologne
FRcolonia
FLcuracao
FRfresh & clean
 grass
FRgreen
FRherbal
 huntsman's nosegay
FRlemon
FRlemongrass
FRlime
FL/FRlitsea cubeba
 navy's nosegay
FRpassion fruit
FL/FRpetitgrain
FRreseda mignonette
FRspice
FLtea lemon
FRverbena
 wet fields
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 cymbopogon nardus
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 citronella ceylon EO
 citronella oil ceylon
 citronella oil ceylon "estate"
 citronella oil ceylon (cymbopogon nardus rendle)
 citronella oil nardus type organic
 citronella oil, ceylon
 cymbopogon nardus rendle oil
 essential oil obtained from the herbs of the plant, cymbopogon (syn: andropogon) nardus (l.), gramineae
 

Articles:

PubMed:Excito-repellency of essential oils against an Aedes aegypti (L.) field population in Thailand.
PubMed:Fumigant antifungal activity of Corymbia citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus essential oils and citronellal against three fungal species.
PubMed:Chemical composition, cytotoxicity and in vitro antitrypanosomal and antiplasmodial activity of the essential oils of four Cymbopogon species from Benin.
PubMed:Evaluation of biological and chemical insect repellents and their potential adverse effects.
PubMed:Formulas of components of citronella oil against mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti).
PubMed:Enantioselective effects of (+)- and (-)-citronellal on animal and plant microtubules.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Cymbopogon nardus citronella essential oil against systemic bacteria of aquatic animals.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro antitrypanosomal activity of fractions of essential oil from Cymbopogon nardus L.
PubMed:Influence of extraction methodologies on the analysis of five major volatile aromatic compounds of citronella grass (Cymbopogon nardus) and lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) grown in Thailand.
PubMed:Protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B inhibitory activity of Indonesian herbal medicines and constituents of Cinnamomum burmannii and Zingiber aromaticum.
PubMed:The effects of herbal essential oils on the oviposition-deterrent and ovicidal activities of Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison) and Culex quinquefasciatus (Say).
PubMed:Efficacy of herbal essential oils as insecticide against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) and Anopheles dirus (Peyton and Harrison).
PubMed:Oviposition-altering and ovicidal potentials of five essential oils against female adults of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed:Potential larvicidal and pupacidal activities of herbal essential oils against Culex quinquefasciatus say and Anopheles minimus (Theobald).
PubMed:Patent literature on mosquito repellent inventions which contain plant essential oils--a review.
PubMed:Insect repellent activity of medicinal plant oils against Aedes aegypti (Linn.), Anopheles minimus (Theobald) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say based on protection time and biting rate.
PubMed:Acaricidal activity of the essential oils from Eucalyptus citriodora and Cymbopogon nardus on larvae of Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) and Anocentor nitens (Acari: Ixodidae).
PubMed:Repellent activity of plant-derived compounds against Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs.
PubMed:Comparative chemical and analgesic properties of essential oils of Cymbopogon nardus (L) Rendle of Benin and Congo.
PubMed:Authenticity control of essential oils containing citronellal and citral by chiral and stable-isotope gas-chromatographic analysis.
PubMed:Antimicrobial effects of selected plant essential oils on the growth of a Pseudomonas putida strain isolated from meat.
PubMed:Comparative repellency of 38 essential oils against mosquito bites.
PubMed:Effects of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) W. Watson essential oil on the growth and morphogenesis of Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Fungal pathogens associated with banana fruit in Sri Lanka, and their treatment with essential oils.
PubMed:Susceptibility of the bruchid Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) and its parasitoid Dinarmus basalis (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) to three essential oils.
PubMed:Effect of plant volatile oils in protecting stored cowpea Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walpers against Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleoptera: Bruchidae) infestation.
PubMed:Photosynthetic rates of citronella and lemongrass.
PubMed:Carbon dioxide compensation values in citronella and lemongrass.
PubMed:Pharmacological investigations of essential oil of Cymbopogon nardus (L.) Rendle: studies on central nervous system.
 
Notes:
Steam distilled from the leaves of Cymbopogon Nardus cultivated in Ceylon. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cymbopogon nardus or cymbopogon winterianus, graminae.
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