gamma-muurolene
naphthalene, 1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4-methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1.alpha.,4a.alpha.,8a.alpha.)-
 
Notes:
Constit. of Pinus sylvestris (Scotch pine)
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(1R,4aR,8aS)-7-methyl-4-methylidene-1-propan-2-yl-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene (Click)
CAS Number: 30021-74-0Picture of molecule
Nikkaji Web: J259.746B
XlogP3-AA: 4.30 (est)
Molecular Weight: 204.35628000
Formula: C15 H24
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: natural substances and extractives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
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Physical Properties:
Assay: 92.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 271.00 to  272.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.010000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 224.00 °F. TCC ( 106.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.545 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.05378 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium
 herbal  woody  spicy  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
herbal woody spice
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
 None found
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: natural substances and extractives
Recommendation for gamma-muurolene usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for gamma-muurolene flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
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Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 6432308
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 (1R,4aR,8aS)-7-methyl-4-methylidene-1-propan-2-yl-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
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References:
 (1R,4aR,8aS)-7-methyl-4-methylidene-1-propan-2-yl-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 6432308
Pubchem (sid): 10517673
Flavornet: 30021-74-0
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB38206
FooDB: FDB017448
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 calamenene 
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
aldehydic
 agrumen nitrileFR
balsamic
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
camphoreous
dextro-camphorFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
earthy
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
 lavandula angustifolia flower oilFL/FR
 lavender oil franceFL/FR
 lavender oil greeceFL/FR
 nonisyl propionateFR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
green
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
 carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)FR
 privet dioxaneFR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 coriander seed absoluteFL/FR
 coriander seed concreteFR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 herbal acetalFR
 herbal undecanoneFR
 immortelle flower oilFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl salicylateFL/FR
T-muurololFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
sweet marjoram oil (origanum majorana var. tenuifolium weston) cyprus 
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil moroccoFL/FR
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam 
 spicy carbonateFR
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
thujonic
common tansy flower oil argentinaFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
woody
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
(+)-campheneFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 patchouli absoluteFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
dextro,laevo-isoborneolFL/FR
 bornyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 bornyl butyrateFL/FR
beta-bourboneneFL/FR
isobutyl (E,E)-2,4-decadienamideFL/FR
sec-butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioateFL/FR
(R)-gamma-cadinene 
delta-cadinene 
alpha-cadinolFL/FR
 calamenene 
(+)-campheneFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 carvacryl methyl etherFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl anisoleFL
 grains of paradise oilFL/FR
sweet marjoram oil (origanum majorana var. tenuifolium weston) cyprus 
para-menth-1-en-9-alFL/FR
2-methyl butyl salicylateFL/FR
T-muurololFL/FR
3-nonanolFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam 
 saffron indenoneFL/FR
common tansy leaf oil dutch 
 tea leaf absoluteFL/FR
 terpinyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoateFL
berry
 perillyl acetateFL/FR
brown
(E)-tiglic acidFL/FR
cheesy
2-heptanoneFL/FR
creamy
3-octen-2-oneFL/FR
floral
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
fruity
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 carrot weed oilFL/FR
 coriander oleoresinFL/FR
 methyl heptadienoneFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 coriander seed absoluteFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 immortelle flower oilFL/FR
 lavandula angustifolia flower oilFL/FR
 lavender oil franceFL/FR
 lavender oil greeceFL/FR
 origanum majorana oilFL/FR
curled parsley leaf oilFL/FR
curled parsley seed oilFL/FR
 prenyl salicylateFL/FR
medicinal
dextro-camphorFL/FR
minty
 betula lenta bark oil americaFL/FR
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
musty
 thymyl methyl etherFL/FR
solvent
 methyl phenyl sulfideFL
spicy
 allspice berry absoluteFL/FR
 artemisia dracunculus herb oilFL/FR
 carvacrolFL/FR
 cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) indiaFL/FR
 cinnamon bark oil ceylonFL/FR
 cinnamon oleoresin ceylonFL/FR
 clove bud absoluteFL/FR
 croton eluteria bark oilFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminyl alcoholFL/FR
black currant bud absoluteFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 mace oilFL/FR
 origanum majorana oil moroccoFL/FR
 turmeric oleoresinFL
 turmeric root absoluteFL/FR
thujonic
common tansy flower oil argentinaFL/FR
woody
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 dehydroxylinalool oxideFL/FR
 frankincense resinoidFL/FR
 safranalFL/FR
 
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Potential Uses:
None Found
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Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 angelica seed oil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.017%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.011%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.008%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.36%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.56%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.67%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove bud
Search Trop  Picture
 clove fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 clove leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ 4.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress oil @ trace-0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 0.92%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 5.71%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 1.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 0.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil slovak republic @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli bigarde oil france @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.004%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.004%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.006%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 origanum vulgare l. ssp. vulgare oil himalaya @ 62.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper oil black india @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree berry oil @ 0.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 2.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.22%%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.00-0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower bud
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil albania @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil reunion @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savin oil @ 0.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil red spain @ trace-0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 vassoura oil @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 water mint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow oil hungary @ 7.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.11-0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
(1R,4aR,8aS)-7-methyl-4-methylidene-1-propan-2-yl-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
 naphthalene, 1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,8a-octahydro-7-methyl-4-methylene-1-(1-methylethyl)-, (1.alpha.,4a.alpha.,8a.alpha.)-
(1R,4aR,8aS)-1-isopropyl-7-methyl-4-methylene-2,3,4a,5,6,8a-hexahydro-1H-naphthalene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: The seasonal variation of the chemical composition of essential oils from Porcelia macrocarpa R.E. Fries (Annonaceae) and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Comparison of volatile compounds with characteristic odor in flowers and leaves of nojigiku (Chrysanthemum japonense).
PubMed: Chemical composition and anti-Trypanosoma cruzi activity of essential oils obtained from leaves of Xylopia frutescens and X. laevigata (Annonaceae).
PubMed: Antimicrobial Potential and Chemical Characterization of Serbian Liverwort (Porella arboris-vitae): SEM and TEM Observations.
PubMed: Chemical constituents and anticancer effects of the essential oil from leaves of Xylopia laevigata.
PubMed: Chemical composition and anticancer activity of essential oils of Mediterranean sage (Salvia officinalis L.) grown in different environmental conditions.
PubMed: Bioactive constituents of Homalomena aromatica essential oil and its antifungal activity against dermatophytes and yeasts.
PubMed: Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Salvia mukerjeei.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction (SPME) analysis of six Italian populations of Ephedra nebrodensis Tineo ex Guss. subsp. nebrodensis.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oil components of two Pinus species from Taibai Mountain in China.
PubMed: Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum from wild populations of northern Turkey.
PubMed: Constituents, antileishmanial activity and toxicity profile of volatile oil from berries of Croton macrostachyus.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile oil from Ardisia brevicaulis].
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf essential oil of Litsea kostermansii from Taiwan.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Anaphalis nubigena var. monocephala.
PubMed: Essential oil compositions of three Lantana species from Monteverde, Costa Rica.
PubMed: Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl.
PubMed: Isolation of cDNAs and functional characterisation of two multi-product terpene synthase enzymes from sandalwood, Santalum album L.
PubMed: Composition, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the volatile oil from the fruit peel of Garcinia brasiliensis.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of the different parts of Eryngium bourgatii Gouan from Spain.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils from different tissues of Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica).
PubMed: Essential oils of the leaves of the Raukaua genus (Araliaceae).
PubMed: GC-MS analysis of essential oil of Shorea robusta bast.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Ballota pseudodictamnus L. Bentham.
PubMed: Chemical studies of essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia.
PubMed: Population Variability of Essential Oils of Pinus heldreichii from the Scardo-Pindic Mountains OÅ¡ljak and GaliÄica.
PubMed: Evaluation of the anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive effects of the essential oil from leaves of Xylopia laevigata in experimental models.
PubMed: Intra-population chemical polymorphism in Thymus pannonicus All. growing in Slovakia.
PubMed: Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Salvia mukerjeei.
PubMed: Analysis of roasted and unroasted Pistacia terebinthus volatiles using direct thermal desorption-GCxGC-TOF/MS.
PubMed: Effect of some essential oils on in vitro methane emission.
PubMed: Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Properties of Piper ovatum Vahl.
PubMed: Composition, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the volatile oil from the fruit peel of Garcinia brasiliensis.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antifungal activity of essential oils from different tissues of Japanese Cedar (Cryptomeria japonica).
PubMed: GC-MS analysis of essential oil of Shorea robusta bast.
PubMed: Chemical studies of essential oils of Juniperus oxycedrus ssp. badia.
PubMed: [New data on composition of esssential oil from inflorescence of everlasting (Helichrysum arenarium(L.) Moench.)].
PubMed: Chemical analysis and antimicrobial activity of Halimium voldii.
PubMed: Genetic diversity of Ocimum gratissimum L. based on volatile oil constituents, flavonoids and RAPD markers.
PubMed: Isothiocyanates in myrosinase treated herb extract of Cleome chrysantha decne. and their antimicrobial activities.
PubMed: Behavioral response of femaleHelicoverpa (Heliothis)armigera HB. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) moths to synthetic pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) kairomone.
PubMed: Components of moribund American elm trees as attractants to elm bark beetles,Hylurgopinus rufipes andScolytus multistriatus.
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