alpha-farnesene
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
 
Notes:
A mixt. with 1,3(15),6,10-Farnesatetraene JVC34-G has been isol. from many plant sources and is used as a food flavourant (*FEMA 3839*) Constit. of the natural coating of apples and pears and other fruit. Flavouring ingredient
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
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      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      808 FARNESENE, MIXTURE OF ISOMERS Kosher
      SDS
      Mild, sweet, and warm woody notes help in the reconstruction of essential oils.
      Excellent for terpene notes of gin, carrot, mango, lime, herbal notes of celery, parsley.
       
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Farnesene
      Arctander describes it as having a “Very mild, sweet and warm, rather nondescript odor of good tenacity.” but he does not appear to see much use for it: “Apart from some possible use in the re-construction of certain essential oils, there is, to the author”s knowledge, very little, if any, use for this Sesquiterpene in perfumes as such.”
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      06-00200 ALPHA-FARNESENE, Kosher
      06-00203 FARNESENE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene (Click)
CAS Number: 502-61-4Picture of molecule
Other: 21499-64-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 207-948-6
FDA UNII: 7E1785CZ0H
Nikkaji Web: J47.112G
MDL: MFCD00036650
CoE Number: 10998
XlogP3-AA: 6.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 204.35628000
Formula: C15 H24
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). MSDI based on USA production figure. CASrn & name in Register: (E,E). According to the JECFA: Min. assay value is "38 % alpha + 29 % beta (sum of E/Z isomers)" and sec.comp. "bisabolene, up to 10 % other isomers (valencene, bourbonene, cadinene, guaiene)". Composition of mixture to be specified. 38-50 % beta-isomer, 29-40 % s-isomer and secondary components: 10-15 % bisabolene and up to 2-3 % each of valencene, bourbonene, cadinene and guaiene (EFFA, 2014).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 1343  alpha-farnesene
Flavis Number: 01.040 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.040  alpha-farnesene
FEMA Number: 3839  alpha-farnesene
FDA Mainterm: FARNESENE
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: pale yellow to yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 67.00 to 100.00 % sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.84400 to 0.87900 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.023 to  7.314
Refractive Index: 1.49000 to 1.50500 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 260.00 to  262.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.010000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: > 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.139 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.01053 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium
 citrus  herbal  lavender  bergamot  myrrh  neroli  green  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
citrus herbal lavender bergamot myrrh neroli green
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
 woody  green  vegetable  floral  herbal  citrus  
Odor Description:
at 1.00 % in ethyl alcohol.  
Woody, green vegetative with a hint of a floral nuance. It has a slight gin herbal and citrus dry out
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 1, 49, (2000)
 fresh  green  vegetable  celery  hay  fatty  tropical  fruity  
Taste Description:
at 10.00 - 20.00 ppm. 
Fresh green vegetative, with celery and hay nuances and somewhat fatty and tropical fruity afternotes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 1, 49, (2000)
  
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Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Bedoukian Research
FARNESENE, MIXTURE OF ISOMERS
Kosher
Odor: A woody, green vegetative odor with a lavender background
Use: Mild, sweet, and warm woody notes help in the reconstruction of essential oils.
Flavor: Terpeny, herbal, slight celery notes
Excellent for terpene notes of gin, carrot, mango, lime, herbal notes of celery, parsley.
Pell Wall Perfumes
Farnesene
Odor: Mild, green-floral, herbacious, sweet, warm, woody. Tenacious
Use: Arctander describes it as having a “Very mild, sweet and warm, rather nondescript odor of good tenacity.” but he does not appear to see much use for it: “Apart from some possible use in the re-construction of certain essential oils, there is, to the author”s knowledge, very little, if any, use for this Sesquiterpene in perfumes as such.”
Penta International
ALPHA-FARNESENE, Kosher
Penta International
FARNESENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesene (mixture of isomers)
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Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for alpha-farnesene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.61 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 40.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 18
Click here to view publication 18
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000050.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 5.0000020.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 5.0000020.00000
breakfast cereal: 10.0000050.00000
cheese: 2.0000010.00000
chewing gum: 30.0000090.00000
condiments / relishes: 5.0000015.00000
confectionery froastings: 20.0000060.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 5.0000030.00000
fish products: 1.000005.00000
frozen dairy: 5.0000040.00000
fruit ices: 5.0000020.00000
gelatins / puddings: 2.0000010.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 5.0000020.00000
hard candy: 10.0000050.00000
imitation dairy: 1.000005.00000
instant coffee / tea: 5.0000020.00000
jams / jellies: 2.0000010.00000
meat products: 1.000005.00000
milk products: 10.0000030.00000
nut products: 5.0000020.00000
other grains: 10.0000050.00000
poultry: 1.000005.00000
processed fruits: 5.0000030.00000
processed vegetables: 2.0000010.00000
reconstituted vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
seasonings / flavors: 10.0000050.00000
snack foods: 5.0000020.00000
soft candy: 10.0000030.00000
soups: 5.0000020.00000
sugar substitutes: 1.0000010.00000
sweet sauces: 2.0000010.00000
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 502-61-4
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 5281516
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 (3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
Chemidplus: 0000502614
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 502-61-4
Pubchem (cid): 5281516
Pubchem (sid): 134978777
Flavornet: 502-61-4
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09665
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB36066
FooDB: FDB014895
Export Tariff Code: 2901.29.6000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
balsamic
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
citrus
(S)-(-)-citronellalFL/FR
 dipenteneFL/FR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 neroli ketoneFR
 tetrahydromyrcenyl acetateFR
floral
 bigarade oxideFR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
 linaloolFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 apple ketalFL/FR
 green acetateFR
green
 bergoxaneFR
 bicyclogermacrene 
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
 fresh nitrileFR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl salicylateFR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 acorus calamus rhizome oilFR
 bornyl salicylateFR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
 nonisyl formateFR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 petitgrain heptaneFR
 saffron pyranoneFR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
minty
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
orris
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
spicy
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
2-octanolFL/FR
waxy
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
woody
beta-cadinene 
beta-eudesmol 
alpha-thujene 
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 apple ketalFL/FR
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 bicyclogermacrene 
beta-cadinene 
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
(S)-(-)-citronellalFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 dipenteneFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
beta-eudesmol 
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
balsamic
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
citrus
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
cooling
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
floral
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
green
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 bergamotFR
 berryFR
 citrusFR
 gardeniaFR
 ginFL
 greenFR
 herbalFR
 juniper berryFR
 lavenderFR
 melonFR
 myrrhFR
 neroliFR
 raspberryFR
 tea 
 tropicalFL
 woodyFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 apple fruit
Search  Picture
 apple fruit epidermis
Search Trop  Picture
 apple pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 5.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.59%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.000-trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.016%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.014%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.021%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 3.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga oil china @ 0.67%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca absolute @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cotton oil
Search Trop  Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 gardenia
Search Trop  Picture
 genet absolute @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 7.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grape
Search  Picture
 grapefruit
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 1.98%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 0.01-0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete) @ 1.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 12.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spain @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spain @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spain @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime peel
Search Trop  Picture
 malus spp.
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.02-0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.009%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.015%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.025%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search  Picture
 pepper
Search  Picture
 pepper oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 1.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 roselle calyx
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 skimmia laureola oil @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ 1.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 2.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 14.63%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 10.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 15.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil III @ 23.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
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Synonyms:
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene, 3,7,11-trimethyl-, (3E,6E)-
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene
(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene; 2,6,10-trimethyl-2,6,9,10-dodecatetrene
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
(E,E)-alpha-farnesene
(3E,6E)-alpha-farnesene
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Articles:
US Patents: Use of isomeric farnesene product-by-process for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of perfume compositions, colognes and perfumed articles
PubMed: Use of hydrodistillation and headspace solid-phase microextraction to characterize the volatile composition of different hop cultivars.
US Patents: Use of isomeric mixtures of farnesene for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of detergent compositions
PubMed: Cell wall, cell membrane, and volatile metabolism are altered by antioxidant treatment, temperature shifts, and peel necrosis during apple fruit storage.
US Patents: Use of isomeric farnesene product-by-process for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of perfume compositions, colognes and perfumed articles
PubMed: Isolation and characterization of terpene synthases potentially involved in flavor development of ripening olive (Olea europaea) fruits.
PubMed: The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed: Heritability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of Kuerle fragrant pear (Pyrus serotina Reld) during storage.
PubMed: Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed: Changes of the volatile profile and artifact formation in Daidai (Citrus aurantium) cold-pressed peel oil on storage.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Relationship between ethylene response manipulation and volatile production in Jonagold variety apples.
PubMed: Expression of terpene synthase genes associated with the formation of volatiles in different organs of Vitis vinifera.
PubMed: Narrow tuning of an odorant receptor to plant volatiles in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner).
PubMed: 'Scarlett Spur Red Delicious' apple volatile production accompanying physiological disorder development during low pO2 controlled atmosphere storage.
PubMed: A new source of elemol rich essential oil and existence of multicellular oil glands in leaves of the Dioscorea species.
PubMed: Combined effect of temperature and controlled atmosphere on storage and shelf-life of 'Rocha' pear treated with 1-methylcyclopropene.
PubMed: Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed: Modulation of aphid alarm pheromone emission of pea aphid prey by predators.
PubMed: Apple volatiles synergize the response of codling moth to pear ester.
PubMed: Use of hydrodistillation and headspace solid-phase microextraction to characterize the volatile composition of different hop cultivars.
PubMed: Cell wall, cell membrane, and volatile metabolism are altered by antioxidant treatment, temperature shifts, and peel necrosis during apple fruit storage.
PubMed: Functional genomics reveals that a compact terpene synthase gene family can account for terpene volatile production in apple.
PubMed: Volatiles from apple trees infested with light brown apple moth larvae attract the parasitoid Dolichogenidia tasmanica.
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone as a cue for ants to locate aphid partners.
PubMed: Aerosol delivery of trail pheromone disrupts the foraging of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone: an overview of current knowledge on biosynthesis and functions.
PubMed: Essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (Omani Basil): a desert crop.
PubMed: The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed: A non-synonymous nucleotide substitution can account for one evolutionary route to sesquiterpene synthase activity in the TPS-b subgroup.
PubMed: New analogues of (E)-β-farnesene with insecticidal activity and binding affinity to aphid odorant-binding proteins.
PubMed: Constitutive emission of the aphid alarm pheromone, (E)-β-farnesene, from plants does not serve as a direct defense against aphids.
PubMed: Floral sesquiterpenes and their synthesis in dioecious kiwifruit.
PubMed: Trail pheromone disruption of red imported fire ant.
PubMed: Evolution of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in virgin olive oil during fruit ripening.
PubMed: Effect of Matricaria chamomilla L. flower essential oil on the growth and ultrastructure of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem.
PubMed: Biotic and abiotic factors affect green ash volatile production and emerald ash borer adult feeding preference.
PubMed: Heritability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population.
PubMed: Studies on the antioxidant activity of essential oil and different solvent extracts of Vitexagnuscastus L. fruits from Turkey.
PubMed: Two terpene synthases are responsible for the major sesquiterpenes emitted from the flowers of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa).
PubMed: Plant odor analysis of potato: response of guatemalan moth to above- and belowground potato volatiles.
PubMed: Attraction of New Zealand flower thrips, Thrips obscuratus, to cis-jasmone, a volatile identified from Japanese honeysuckle flowers.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of leaf essential oil and extracts of Metasequioa glyptostroboides Miki ex Hu.
PubMed: Superficial scald and bitter pit development in cold-stored transgenic apples suppressed for ethylene biosynthesis.
PubMed: Defining the potassium binding region in an apple terpene synthase.
PubMed: In vivo ESR spin trapping detection of carbon-centered alpha-Farnesene radicals.
PubMed: In situ volatile collection, analysis, and comparison of three Centaurea species and their relationship to biocontrol with herbivorous insects.
PubMed: Ethylene and alpha-farnesene metabolism in green and red skin of three apple cultivars in response to 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment.
PubMed: Oxidation products of alpha-farnesene associated with superficial scald development in d'Anjou pear fruits are conjugated trienols.
PubMed: Unusual features of a recombinant apple alpha-farnesene synthase.
PubMed: Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of Kuerle fragrant pear (Pyrus serotina Reld) during storage.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed: Effects of cyclamen mite (Phytonemus pallidus) and leaf beetle (Galerucella tenella) damage on volatile emission from strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants and orientation of predatory mites (Neoseiulus cucumeris, N. californicus, and Euseius finlandicus).
PubMed: Relationship of superficial scald development and alpha-farnesene oxidation to reactions of diphenylamine and diphenylamine derivatives in Cv. Granny Smith apple peel.
PubMed: 1-Methylcyclopropene interactions with diphenylamine on diphenylamine degradation, alpha-farnesene and conjugated trienol concentrations, and polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities in apple fruit.
PubMed: Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed: Analysis of hop-derived terpenoids in beer and evaluation of their behavior using the stir bar-sorptive extraction method with GC-MS.
PubMed: Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed: Ester variability in apple varieties as determined by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in mauritius.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds from the chopped leaves of three species of Eucalyptus.
PubMed: Differences in the fragrances of pollen, leaves, and floral parts of garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium) and composition of the essential oils from flowerheads and leaves.
PubMed: Volatiles from leaves, fruits, and virgin oil from Olea europaea Cv. Olivastra Seggianese from Italy.
PubMed: Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed: Plant odor analysis of apple: antennal response of codling moth females to apple volatiles during phenological development.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene, alkene, and alkane hydrocarbons in virgin olive oils of different varieties and geographical origins.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu).
PubMed: Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps pamp.).
PubMed: Volatile components of green walnut husks.
PubMed: Stripped corn oil controls scald and maintains volatile production potential in golden supreme and delicious apples.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Relationship between ethylene response manipulation and volatile production in Jonagold variety apples.
PubMed: Effect of superficial scald suppression by diphenylamine application on volatile evolution by stored Cortland apple fruit.
PubMed: Aphids, predators and parasitoids.
PubMed: Chemical, physical and antimicrobial properties of essential oils of Leptospermum scoparium and Kunzea ericoides.
PubMed: Solid phase microextraction for quantitative headspace sampling of apple volatiles.
PubMed: (Z,E)-alpha-farnesene--an electroantennogram-active component of Maladera matrida volatiles.
PubMed: [The effect of a controlled gas atmosphere on farnesene dynamics and the development of sunburn in apples].
PubMed: Superficial scald, a functional disorder of stored apples. IV. Effect of variety, maturity, oiled wraps and diphenylamine on the concentration of alpha-farnesene in the fruit.
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