EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

alpha-farnesene
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Name:(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
CAS Number: 502-61-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:21499-64-9
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:207-948-6
FDA UNII:7E1785CZ0H
Nikkaji Web:J47.112G
MDL:MFCD00036650
CoE Number:10998
XlogP3-AA:6.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:204.35628000
Formula:C15 H24
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). MSDI based on USA production figure. CASrn & name in Register: (E,E). According to the JECFA: Min. assay value is "38 % alpha + 29 % beta (sum of E/Z isomers)" and sec.comp. "bisabolene, up to 10 % other isomers (valencene, bourbonene, cadinene, guaiene)". Composition of mixture to be specified. 38-50 % beta-isomer, 29-40 % s-isomer and secondary components: 10-15 % bisabolene and up to 2-3 % each of valencene, bourbonene, cadinene and guaiene (EFFA, 2014).
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1343 alpha-farnesene
FLAVIS Number:01.040 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.040 alpha-farnesene
FEMA Number:3839 alpha-farnesene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: FARNESENE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellow to yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 67.00 to 100.00 sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.84400 to 0.87900 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.023 to 7.314
Refractive Index:1.49000 to 1.50500 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 260.00 to 262.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.010000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point:> 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.139 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.01053 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium
citrus herbal lavender bergamot myrrh neroli green
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. citrus herbal lavender bergamot myrrh neroli green
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor sample from: Bedoukian Research, Inc.
woody green vegetable floral herbal citrus
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in ethyl alcohol. Woody, green vegetative with a hint of a floral nuance. It has a slight gin herbal and citrus dry out
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 1, 49, (2000)
Flavor Type: green
fresh green vegetable celery hay fatty tropical fruity
Taste Description: at 10.00 - 20.00 ppm. Fresh green vegetative, with celery and hay nuances and somewhat fatty and tropical fruity afternotes
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 1, 49, (2000)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
FARNESENE, MIXTURE OF ISOMERS Kosher
Odor Description:A woody, green vegetative odor with a lavender background
Mild, sweet, and warm woody notes help in the reconstruction of essential oils.
Taste Description:Terpeny, herbal, slight celery notes
Excellent for terpene notes of gin, carrot, mango, lime, herbal notes of celery, parsley.
Pell Wall Perfumes
Farnesene
Odor Description:Mild, green-floral, herbacious, sweet, warm, woody. Tenacious
Arctander describes it as having a “Very mild, sweet and warm, rather nondescript odor of good tenacity.” but he does not appear to see much use for it: “Apart from some possible use in the re-construction of certain essential oils, there is, to the author”s knowledge, very little, if any, use for this Sesquiterpene in perfumes as such.”
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Bedoukian Research
FARNESENE, MIXTURE OF ISOMERS
Kosher
Odor: A woody, green vegetative odor with a lavender background
Use: Mild, sweet, and warm woody notes help in the reconstruction of essential oils.
Flavor: Terpeny, herbal, slight celery notes
Excellent for terpene notes of gin, carrot, mango, lime, herbal notes of celery, parsley.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-Trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene
Pell Wall Perfumes
Farnesene
Odor: Mild, green-floral, herbacious, sweet, warm, woody. Tenacious
Use: Arctander describes it as having a “Very mild, sweet and warm, rather nondescript odor of good tenacity.” but he does not appear to see much use for it: “Apart from some possible use in the re-construction of certain essential oils, there is, to the author”s knowledge, very little, if any, use for this Sesquiterpene in perfumes as such.”
Penta International
ALPHA-FARNESENE, Kosher
Penta International
FARNESENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Farnesene (mixture of isomers)
Synerzine
alpha-Farnesene
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for alpha-farnesene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.61 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 40.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 18
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000050.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 5.0000020.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 5.0000020.00000
breakfast cereal: 10.0000050.00000
cheese: 2.0000010.00000
chewing gum: 30.0000090.00000
condiments / relishes: 5.0000015.00000
confectionery froastings: 20.0000060.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: 5.0000030.00000
fish products: 1.000005.00000
frozen dairy: 5.0000040.00000
fruit ices: 5.0000020.00000
gelatins / puddings: 2.0000010.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 5.0000020.00000
hard candy: 10.0000050.00000
imitation dairy: 1.000005.00000
instant coffee / tea: 5.0000020.00000
jams / jellies: 2.0000010.00000
meat products: 1.000005.00000
milk products: 10.0000030.00000
nut products: 5.0000020.00000
other grains: 10.0000050.00000
poultry: 1.000005.00000
processed fruits: 5.0000030.00000
processed vegetables: 2.0000010.00000
reconstituted vegetables: 5.0000020.00000
seasonings / flavors: 10.0000050.00000
snack foods: 5.0000020.00000
soft candy: 10.0000030.00000
soups: 5.0000020.00000
sugar substitutes: 1.0000010.00000
sweet sauces: 2.0000010.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):502-61-4
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5281516
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
Chemidplus:0000502614
 
References:
 (3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:502-61-4
Pubchem (cid):5281516
Pubchem (sid):134978777
Flavornet:502-61-4
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09665
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36066
FooDB:FDB014895
Export Tariff Code:2901.29.6000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
octanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
agrumen nitrile
FR
alliaceous
dibutyl sulfide
FL/FR
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
animal
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
anisic
estragole
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil america
FL/FR
balsamic
balsam ketone
FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir balsam concrete
FR
christmas
pine fragrance
FR
spruce needle absolute
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
caramellic
2-iso
butyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
chocolate
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
citrus
(S)-(-)-
citronellal
FL/FR
iso
decyl acetate
FR
dipentene
FL/FR
lime oil fractions
FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
neroli ketone
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenyl acetate
FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
earthy
geosmin
FL/FR
(S)-1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
bigarade oxide
FR
cassis oxime 10%
FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
cymbopogon validus leaf oil
FR
dictamnus hispanicus oil
FR
dihydrocitronellyl ethyl ether
FR
dihydrorose oxide
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
glycoacetal
FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
lavandin oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
linden flower absolute
FR
melaleuca ericifolia leaf oil
FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
nonisyl propionate
FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
prenyl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
tetrahydrolinalyl acetate
FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
fruity
apple ketal
FL/FR
3-
butyl bicyclo[3.2.1]-6-octen-2-one
FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
1,4-
dibutyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
1,4-
diisopropyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
ethyl 2-ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fruity cyclopentanone
FR
grapefruit acetal
FR
green acetate
FR
tropical indene
FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
agrumen aldehyde
FR
bergoxane
FR
birch leaf specialty
FR
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
S-sec-
butyl thioisovalerate
FL/FR
carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)
FR
chrysanthemum carbaldehyde
FR
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
citral / diisotridecyl acetal
FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
alpha-
elemol
FL/FR
fresh nitrile
FR
galbanum decatriene
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
heptyl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
3,6-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
3,5-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
english
ivy leaf absolute
FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
nerol oxide
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
3-
propyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-6-octen-2-one
FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
triplal / ethyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
acorus calamus rhizome oil
FR
amber dioxepine
FR
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb tincture
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
artemisia alba oil
FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
bergamot mint herb oil
FR
bornyl salicylate
FR
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
camphene carbinyl acetate
FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
chrysanthemum ketone
FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
2-(2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-yl)-4,4-dimethyl-1,3-oxathiane
FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
cis-
herbal cyclohexane
FR
herbal dioxane
FR
herbal heptane
FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
jambu oleoresin
FL/FR
lantana camara flower oil
FR
iso
lavandyl acetate
FR
linalyl isovalerate
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
1-(2-
methyl allyl oxy) heptane
FR
methyl hexyl ether
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
monarda fistulosa oil
FR
nonisyl formate
FR
ocimene oxirane
FR
3-
octanone
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
oregano specialty
FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
perilla leaf oil
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
petitgrain heptane
FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FR
prenyl senecioate
FL/FR
reseda absolute
FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis tincture
FL/FR
saffron pyranone
FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
tricyclo(5.2.1.02,6)dec-3-enyl acetate
FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
wormwood oil italy
FL/FR
wormwood oil poland
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
minty
(-)-
menthone
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
2,4,4,6-
tetramethyl cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1-one
FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
treemoss absolute
FR
musty
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
orris
iso
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
pine oil 85
FR
soapy
methyl anthranilate / hexyl cinnamaldehyde schiff's base
FR
spicy
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate + 1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate
FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
outdoors specialty
FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spicy carbonate
FR
sulfurous
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
terpenic
juniper branch oil
FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
waxy
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
woody
bruyere root absolute
FR
cinnamyl tiglate
FL/FR
dalbergia sissoo leaf oil
FR
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
iso
longifolene epoxide
FR
moss naphthaleneol
FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
verdoxan
FR
xanthoxylum alatum roxb. oil
FR
yeasty
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
4-
acetyl-2-isopropenyl pyridine
FL
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
4-
butyl thiazole
FL
S-sec-
butyl thioisovalerate
FL/FR
cinnamyl tiglate
FL/FR
(S)-(-)-
citronellal
FL/FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
delta-
elemene
FL/FR
alpha-
elemol
FL/FR
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
fig leaf absolute
FL
heptyl benzoate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
3,5-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
octanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
(S)-1-
octen-3-ol
FL/FR
2-
octenal
FL/FR
3-
octyl butyrate
FL
perilla leaf oil
FL/FR
prenyl senecioate
FL/FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
2,4,4-
trimethyl-1,3-oxathiane
FL
ortho-
vinyl anisole
FL
viridiflorol
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
allyl thiopropionate
FL
dipropyl disulfide
FL/FR
balsamic
spruce needle absolute
FL/FR
camphoreous
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
celery
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
citrus
cilantro leaf oil
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
myrcenyl acetate
FL/FR
cooling
jambu oleoresin
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
coumarinic
phthalide
FL/FR
earthy
geosmin
FL/FR
ethereal
methyl hexyl ether
FL/FR
floral
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
fruity
apple ketal
FL/FR
ethyl 2-ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
linalyl isovalerate
FL/FR
para-
methyl benzyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
valerian rhizome absolute
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil
FL/FR
valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract china
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb tincture
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
2-iso
butyl-3-methyl pyrazine
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
celery distillates
FL
cocoa butenal
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
cortex pyridine
FL/FR
dibutyl sulfide
FL/FR
dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FL
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
galbanum decatriene
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
hexyl pyridine
FL
horseradish oil
FL
3,6-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
marigold pot absolute
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
4-
methyl thiazole
FL
nerol oxide
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonenal
FL/FR
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
4-
penten-1-yl acetate
FL
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
celery seed oleoresin
FL
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandin oil
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil america
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
prenyl salicylate
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis tincture
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
wormwood oil italy
FL/FR
wormwood oil poland
FL/FR
licorice
estragole
FL/FR
metallic
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
minty
(-)-
menthone
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mushroom
3-
octanone
FL/FR
nutty
2,4,5-
trimethyl thiazole
FL/FR
oily
iso
phytol
FL/FR
orris
costus root oil
FL
spicy
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
terpenic
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
2-
octen-4-one
FL/FR
waxy
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
woody
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbergamot
FRberry
FRcitrus
FRgardenia
FLgin
FRgreen
FRherbal
FRjuniper berry
FRlavender
FRmelon
FRmyrrh
FRneroli
FRraspberry
FLtea
FLtropical
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple custard apple plant
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 apple fruit
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 apple fruit epidermis
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 apple pericarp
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 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 5.00%
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 basil
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.24%
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 basil plant
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.59%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.000-trace%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.016%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.014%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.021%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 3.00%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 0.3%
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 calamus root oil @ 0.30%
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 cananga oil china @ 0.67%
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 carrot
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.42%
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 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
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 champaca absolute @ 1.60%
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 champaca concrete @ 0.80%
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 clary sage oil spain @ 0.27%
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 cotton oil
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 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.10%
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 cubeb oil @ trace%
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 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
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 fig leaf oil
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 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
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 gardenia
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 genet absolute @ 1.80%
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 ginger oil
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 7.40%
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 grape
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 grapefruit
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ trace%
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 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.09%
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 guava fruit
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 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.20%
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 horsemint shoot
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 jasmin absolute china @ 0.16%
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 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 1.98%
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 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 0.01-0.06%
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 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete) @ 1.37%
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 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 12.40%
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 lavender oil spain @ 0.03%
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 lavender oil spain @ 0.06%
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 lavender oil spain @ 0.11%
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 lemon oil
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.68%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 2.07%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.2%
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 lime peel
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 malus spp.
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 0.30%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.04%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.05%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.30%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.02-0.03%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.84%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.53%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg seed
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 orange fruit
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.009%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.011%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.015%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.025%
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 oregano plant
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 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 0.60%
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 pear fruit
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 pepper
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 pepper oil @ 0.10%
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 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 1.40%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.07%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.80%
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 roselle calyx
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.37%
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 skimmia laureola oil @ 0.5%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint leaf oil
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 spearmint oil
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 tea leaf
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 tea leaf oil
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.22%
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 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.08%
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 witch hazel leaf oil @ 1.47%
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 ylang ylang oil @ 2.34%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 14.63%
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 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 10.69%
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 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 15.73%
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 ylang ylang oil III @ 23.75%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.05%
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Synonyms:
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene, 3,7,11-trimethyl-, (3E,6E)-
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene
(E,E)-3,7,11-trimethyl-1,3,6,10-dodecatetraene; 2,6,10-trimethyl-2,6,9,10-dodecatetrene
(3E,6E)-3,7,11-trimethyldodeca-1,3,6,10-tetraene
(E,E)-alpha-farnesene
(3E,6E)-alpha-farnesene
 

Articles:

US Patents:Use of isomeric farnesene product-by-process for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of perfume compositions, colognes and perfumed articles
PubMed:Use of hydrodistillation and headspace solid-phase microextraction to characterize the volatile composition of different hop cultivars.
US Patents:Use of isomeric mixtures of farnesene for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of detergent compositions
PubMed:Cell wall, cell membrane, and volatile metabolism are altered by antioxidant treatment, temperature shifts, and peel necrosis during apple fruit storage.
US Patents:Use of isomeric farnesene product-by-process for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of perfume compositions, colognes and perfumed articles
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of terpene synthases potentially involved in flavor development of ripening olive (Olea europaea) fruits.
PubMed:The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed:Heritability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed:Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of Kuerle fragrant pear (Pyrus serotina Reld) during storage.
PubMed:Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed:Changes of the volatile profile and artifact formation in Daidai (Citrus aurantium) cold-pressed peel oil on storage.
PubMed:Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed:Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Relationship between ethylene response manipulation and volatile production in Jonagold variety apples.
PubMed:Expression of terpene synthase genes associated with the formation of volatiles in different organs of Vitis vinifera.
PubMed:Narrow tuning of an odorant receptor to plant volatiles in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner).
PubMed:'Scarlett Spur Red Delicious' apple volatile production accompanying physiological disorder development during low pO2 controlled atmosphere storage.
PubMed:A new source of elemol rich essential oil and existence of multicellular oil glands in leaves of the Dioscorea species.
PubMed:Combined effect of temperature and controlled atmosphere on storage and shelf-life of 'Rocha' pear treated with 1-methylcyclopropene.
PubMed:Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed:Modulation of aphid alarm pheromone emission of pea aphid prey by predators.
PubMed:Apple volatiles synergize the response of codling moth to pear ester.
PubMed:Use of hydrodistillation and headspace solid-phase microextraction to characterize the volatile composition of different hop cultivars.
PubMed:Cell wall, cell membrane, and volatile metabolism are altered by antioxidant treatment, temperature shifts, and peel necrosis during apple fruit storage.
PubMed:Functional genomics reveals that a compact terpene synthase gene family can account for terpene volatile production in apple.
PubMed:Volatiles from apple trees infested with light brown apple moth larvae attract the parasitoid Dolichogenidia tasmanica.
PubMed:Aphid alarm pheromone as a cue for ants to locate aphid partners.
PubMed:Aerosol delivery of trail pheromone disrupts the foraging of the red imported fire ant, Solenopsis invicta.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed:Aphid alarm pheromone: an overview of current knowledge on biosynthesis and functions.
PubMed:Essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (Omani Basil): a desert crop.
PubMed:The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed:A non-synonymous nucleotide substitution can account for one evolutionary route to sesquiterpene synthase activity in the TPS-b subgroup.
PubMed:New analogues of (E)-β-farnesene with insecticidal activity and binding affinity to aphid odorant-binding proteins.
PubMed:Constitutive emission of the aphid alarm pheromone, (E)-β-farnesene, from plants does not serve as a direct defense against aphids.
PubMed:Floral sesquiterpenes and their synthesis in dioecious kiwifruit.
PubMed:Trail pheromone disruption of red imported fire ant.
PubMed:Evolution of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons in virgin olive oil during fruit ripening.
PubMed:Effect of Matricaria chamomilla L. flower essential oil on the growth and ultrastructure of Aspergillus niger van Tieghem.
PubMed:Biotic and abiotic factors affect green ash volatile production and emerald ash borer adult feeding preference.
PubMed:Heritability and genetic and phenotypic correlations of apple (Malus x domestica) fruit volatiles in a genetically diverse breeding population.
PubMed:Studies on the antioxidant activity of essential oil and different solvent extracts of Vitexagnuscastus L. fruits from Turkey.
PubMed:Two terpene synthases are responsible for the major sesquiterpenes emitted from the flowers of kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa).
PubMed:Plant odor analysis of potato: response of guatemalan moth to above- and belowground potato volatiles.
PubMed:Attraction of New Zealand flower thrips, Thrips obscuratus, to cis-jasmone, a volatile identified from Japanese honeysuckle flowers.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of leaf essential oil and extracts of Metasequioa glyptostroboides Miki ex Hu.
PubMed:Superficial scald and bitter pit development in cold-stored transgenic apples suppressed for ethylene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Defining the potassium binding region in an apple terpene synthase.
PubMed:In vivo ESR spin trapping detection of carbon-centered alpha-Farnesene radicals.
PubMed:In situ volatile collection, analysis, and comparison of three Centaurea species and their relationship to biocontrol with herbivorous insects.
PubMed:Ethylene and alpha-farnesene metabolism in green and red skin of three apple cultivars in response to 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment.
PubMed:Oxidation products of alpha-farnesene associated with superficial scald development in d'Anjou pear fruits are conjugated trienols.
PubMed:Unusual features of a recombinant apple alpha-farnesene synthase.
PubMed:Changes in the volatile compounds and chemical and physical properties of Kuerle fragrant pear (Pyrus serotina Reld) during storage.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of redblush grapefruit (Citrus paradisi) and pummelo (Citrus grandis) peel essential oils from Kenya.
PubMed:Effects of cyclamen mite (Phytonemus pallidus) and leaf beetle (Galerucella tenella) damage on volatile emission from strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa Duch.) plants and orientation of predatory mites (Neoseiulus cucumeris, N. californicus, and Euseius finlandicus).
PubMed:Relationship of superficial scald development and alpha-farnesene oxidation to reactions of diphenylamine and diphenylamine derivatives in Cv. Granny Smith apple peel.
PubMed:1-Methylcyclopropene interactions with diphenylamine on diphenylamine degradation, alpha-farnesene and conjugated trienol concentrations, and polyphenol oxidase and peroxidase activities in apple fruit.
PubMed:Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed:Analysis of hop-derived terpenoids in beer and evaluation of their behavior using the stir bar-sorptive extraction method with GC-MS.
PubMed:Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed:Ester variability in apple varieties as determined by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in mauritius.
PubMed:Character impact odorants of Citrus Hallabong [(C. unshiu Marcov x C. sinensis Osbeck) x C. reticulata Blanco] cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds from the chopped leaves of three species of Eucalyptus.
PubMed:Differences in the fragrances of pollen, leaves, and floral parts of garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium) and composition of the essential oils from flowerheads and leaves.
PubMed:Volatiles from leaves, fruits, and virgin oil from Olea europaea Cv. Olivastra Seggianese from Italy.
PubMed:Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed:Plant odor analysis of apple: antennal response of codling moth females to apple volatiles during phenological development.
PubMed:Sesquiterpene, alkene, and alkane hydrocarbons in virgin olive oils of different varieties and geographical origins.
PubMed:Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed:Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu).
PubMed:Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps pamp.).
PubMed:Volatile components of green walnut husks.
PubMed:Stripped corn oil controls scald and maintains volatile production potential in golden supreme and delicious apples.
PubMed:Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed:Relationship between ethylene response manipulation and volatile production in Jonagold variety apples.
PubMed:Effect of superficial scald suppression by diphenylamine application on volatile evolution by stored Cortland apple fruit.
PubMed:Aphids, predators and parasitoids.
PubMed:Chemical, physical and antimicrobial properties of essential oils of Leptospermum scoparium and Kunzea ericoides.
PubMed:Solid phase microextraction for quantitative headspace sampling of apple volatiles.
PubMed:(Z,E)-alpha-farnesene--an electroantennogram-active component of Maladera matrida volatiles.
PubMed:[The effect of a controlled gas atmosphere on farnesene dynamics and the development of sunburn in apples].
PubMed:Superficial scald, a functional disorder of stored apples. IV. Effect of variety, maturity, oiled wraps and diphenylamine on the concentration of alpha-farnesene in the fruit.
 
Notes:
A mixt. with 1,3(15),6,10-Farnesatetraene JVC34-G has been isol. from many plant sources and is used as a food flavourant (*FEMA 3839*) Constit. of the natural coating of apples and pears and other fruit. Flavouring ingredient
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