EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

curled parsley leaf oil
essential oil obtained from the leaves of the parsley, petroselinum crispum, umbelliferae

Sponsors

Name:petroselinum crispum mill. leaf oil
CAS Number: 8000-68-8
FDA UNII:XB8Q500O0Z
MDL:MFCD00241319
Name:petroselinum sativum leaf extract
CAS Number: 84012-33-9
ECHA EC Number:281-677-1
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2836 curled parsley leaf oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: PARSLEY, OIL (PETROSELINUM SPP.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:orange amber clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.98000 to 0.94000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.155 to 7.822
Refractive Index:1.50300 to 1.53000 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-9.00 to +1.00
Boiling Point: 290.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: 122.00 °F. TCC ( 50.00 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 27.68 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 glycerin
Stability:
 alkali
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium
fresh spicy leafy herbal woody
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh spicy leafy herbal woody
Luebke, William tgsc, (1995)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
Flavor Type: herbal
">parsley
Taste Description: parsley
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
A. Fakhry
Parsley Leaf Oil
Berjé
Parsley Leaf Oil
Happening at Berje
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Parsely Leaf FCC
Market Report
El Malek
Parsley Oil
100% natural and pure. EU, FDA
Elixens America
Parsley Leaf Essential Oil Egypt
100% Pure and Natural
Ernesto Ventós
PARSLEY OIL, LEAF
Odor: HERBACEOUS, SPICY
Fleurchem
parsley leaf oil
George Uhe Company
Parsley Leaf Oil
Available in FCC
Global Essence
Parsley Leaf Oil Organic
Global Essence
Parsley Leaf Oil
Indukern F&F
PARSLEY LEAF OIL
Kalsec
Parsley Oil
Kanta Enterprises
Parsley Leaf Oil
Lluch Essence
PARSLEY LEAF OIL (MYRISTICIN TYPE)
Moellhausen
PARSLEY LEAF EO
Odor: herbal, green parsley note, spicy
Naturex
Parsley Leaf Oil
NAT arom®, in Ez-Caps™, AquaReady™ or Classic forms
Payand Betrand
Parsley Leaf Oil Australia
PCW France
Parsley leaves oil
Steps to a fragranced product
Penta International
PARSLEY LEAF OIL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
Parsley Leaf Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Parsley Leaf Oil
Robertet
Parsley Leaf Oil
Treatt
Parsley Leaf Oil
Ultra International
Parsley Leaf Oil Egypt
Crop Calendar
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
2 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-mouse LD50 1520 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: URINE VOLUME DECREASED
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 897, 1975.

oral-rat LD50 3300 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 21, Pg. 871, 1983.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-guinea pig LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 13, Pg. 897, 1975.

skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 21, Pg. 871, 1983.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Phototoxicity
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 The following essential oils contain small amounts of phototoxic furocoumarins. These levels are not high enough to require special restrictions if used alone, but if used in combination with one or the other phototoxic essential oil, attention should be paid that the total level of bergapten (5-MOP) in the consumer product does not exceed 15 ppm. It is the responsibility of fragrance manufacturers to ensure that the level is observed. Typical levels of 5-MOP are the following: Parsley leaf oil - 20 ppm.
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
carvone Max. Found: <0.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for curled parsley leaf oil usage levels up to:
  2.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 24
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 19.0000024.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.000002.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 1.000002.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: 8000.0000012500.00000
condiments / relishes: 45.0000064.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 0.900001.00000
fruit ices: -0.25000
gelatins / puddings: 7.0000010.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: 2.000006.00000
hard candy: 1000.000001000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 38.0000063.00000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: 0.800001.00000
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 3.000006.00000
soups: 33.0000066.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8000-68-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1993
WGK Germany:2
petroselinum crispum mill. leaf oil
Chemidplus:0008000688
RTECS:RW5500000 for cas# 8000-68-8
petroselinum sativum leaf extract
Chemidplus:0084012339
 
References:
 petroselinum crispum mill. leaf oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8000-68-8
Pubchem (sid):135334239
 petroselinum sativum leaf extract
Canada Domestic Sub. List:84012-33-9
Pubchem (sid):135304623
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
agrumen nitrile
FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
animal
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
balsamic
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
camphoreous
verbenone
FL/FR
caramellic
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
citrus
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
earthy
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
floral
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
dihydrorose oxide
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
hexahydrofarnesyl acetone
FL/FR
jasmin pyranol
FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
1-(2-
methyl allyl oxy)-2-methyl butane
FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
2-
pentadecanone
FL/FR
2-
pentyl cyclopentanone
FR
phenyl propyl phenyl acetate
FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
fruity
1,4-
diethyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
green acetate
FR
herbanate (Givaudan)
FR
tropical indene
FR
green
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-sec-
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
carrot leaf oil (daucus carota ssp.maximus)
FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
english
ivy leaf absolute
FR
privet dioxane
FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
agate fragrance
FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
3-
butyl phthalide
FL/FR
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. gummifer hook. fil.) spain
FR
carrot seed oil (daucus carota ssp. maximus (desf.) ball)
FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
celery ketone
FL/FR
celery leaf oil
FL/FR
celery seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
celery undecene
FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
coriander seed concrete
FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
elder flower absolute (sambucus canadensis and s. nigra)
FR
herbal acetal
FR
cis-
herbal cyclohexane
FR
herbal dioxane
FR
herbal heptane
FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
levisticum officinale herb oil
FL/FR
levisticum officinale root absolute
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
nonisyl formate
FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
curled
parsley essence
FL/FR
curled
parsley herb oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil cuba
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
3-
propylidene phthalide
FL/FR
reseda absolute
FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
tagete oil south africa
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
oakmoss concrete
FR
oakmoss phenol
FR
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
nutty
3-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
smoky
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
spicy
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
hollyberry fragrance
FR
levisticum officinale root oil
FL/FR
ocimum gratissimum herb oil india
FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
outdoors specialty
FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sulfurous
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
terpenic
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
tonka
whiskey lactone
FL/FR
woody
amber dodecane
FR
cedarwood oil himalaya
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
patchouli absolute
FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
beta-
thujaplicin
FR
verdoxan
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
arnica montana flower extract
FL/FR
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
3-
butyl phthalide
FL/FR
4-
butyl thiazole
FL
2-sec-
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
sec-
butyl-3-methyl but-2-ene thioate
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
carvacryl methyl ether
FL/FR
cassie absolute replacer
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
(±)-(cis+trans)-1,2-
dihydroperillaldehyde
FL
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
fig leaf absolute
FL
fleabane oil (erigeron canadensis)
FL
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
heptyl cyclopropane carboxylic acid
FL
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
linalyl formate
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
T-
muurolol
FL/FR
3-
nonanol
FL/FR
3-
octanon-1-ol
FL/FR
curled
parsley essence
FL/FR
perillaldehyde propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
D-(+)-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
2-
propyl thiazole
FL
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
terpinyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
verbenone
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
hexyl 3-mercaptobutanoate
FL
alliaceous
alliaceous
cyclopentyl mercaptan
FL
truffle sulfide
FL
amber
iso
butyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
buttery
bovolide
FL
caramellic
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
celery
3-
butylidene phthalide
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
heptanone
FL/FR
cooling
theaspirane
FL/FR
creamy
3-
octen-2-one
FL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
2-
pentadecanone
FL/FR
floral
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
fruity
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
1-para-
menthen-9-yl acetate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
tagete oil south africa
FL/FR
green
angelica root oil
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
celery ketone
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
coriander oleoresin
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadienal
FL
hexahydrofarnesyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
3-
propylidene phthalide
FL/FR
(Z)-
rose oxide
FL/FR
sorbyl acetate
FL
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil
FL/FR
apium graveolens seed oil india
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
celery leaf oil
FL/FR
celery seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
celery seed oleoresin
FL
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum herb oil
FL/FR
ocimum basilicum leaf oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil
FL/FR
origanum majorana oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
parsley flavor
FL
curled
parsley herb
FL
curled
parsley herb oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil cuba
FL/FR
curled
parsley oleoresin
FL
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oleoresin
FL
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
rosmarinus officinalis extract
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
juicy
lychee mercaptan acetate
FL/FR
minty
betula lenta bark oil america
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
nutty
3-
acetyl pyridine
FL/FR
oily
iso
phytol
FL/FR
phenolic
2-
hydroxyisophorone
FL
smoky
pyroligneous acids
FL/FR
solvent
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
sweet
bay oleoresin
FL
cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cumin seed absolute
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
cuminyl alcohol
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
levisticum officinale herb oil
FL/FR
levisticum officinale oleoresin
FL
levisticum officinale root absolute
FL/FR
levisticum officinale root oil
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
saffron oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
woody
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
(Z)-
jasmone
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
whiskey lactone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRaldehydic
FRchypre
FRfern
FRherbal
FRmoss
FRoriental
FRrose
FRspice
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 parsley
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 apium crispum leaf oil
 apium petroselinum leaf oil
 carum petroselinum leaf oil
 essential oil obtained from the leaves of the parsley, petroselinum crispum, umbelliferae
 oil parsely leaf FCC
 parsley leaf EO
curled parsley leaf oil
tasmanian parsley leaf oil
 parsley leaf oil australia
 petroselinum crispum leaf oil
 petroselinum hortense leaf oil
 petroselinum petroselinum leaf oil
 petroselinum sativum leaf oil
 petroselinum vulgare leaf oil
 wydleria portoricensis leaf oil
 

Articles:

PubMed:Influence of microwave frequency electromagnetic radiation on terpene emission and content in aromatic plants.
PubMed:Optimization of extraction conditions of some polyphenolic compounds from parsley leaves (Petroselinum crispum).
PubMed:Characterization of the endogenous enzymatic hydrolyses of Petroselinum crispum glycosides: determined by chromatography upon their sugar and flavonoid products.
PubMed:Morphological and biochemical changes in two parsley varieties upon water stress.
PubMed:Biochemical and haematological assessment of toxic effects of the leaf ethanol extract of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A.W. Hill (Parsley) in rats.
PubMed:Anticancer Activity of Certain Herbs and Spices on the Cervical Epithelial Carcinoma (HeLa) Cell Line.
PubMed:Sensory characteristics and volatile profiles of parsley ( Petroselinum crispum [Mill.] Nym.) in correlation to resistance properties against Septoria Blight ( Septoria petroselini ).
PubMed:Multilocus sequence typing of Pseudomonas syringae sensu lato confirms previously described genomospecies and permits rapid identification of P. syringae pv. coriandricola and P. syringae pv. apii causing bacterial leaf spot on parsley.
PubMed:Protective effects of Petroselinum crispum (Mill) Nyman ex A. W. Hill leaf extract on D-galactose-induced oxidative stress in mouse brain.
PubMed:DNA amounts of roses (Rosa L.) and their use in attributing ploidy levels.
PubMed:Changes in carotenoid content and distribution in living plant tissue can be observed and mapped in situ using NIR-FT-Raman spectroscopy.
PubMed:Chemical stimulants of leaf-trenching by cabbage loopers: natural products, neurotransmitters, insecticides, and drugs.
PubMed:The maize Single myb histone 1 gene, Smh1, belongs to a novel gene family and encodes a protein that binds telomere DNA repeats in vitro.
PubMed:Potyviruses, novel and known, in cultivated and wild species of the family Apiaceae in Australia.
PubMed:Increases in Cytosolic Ca2+ in Parsley Mesophyll Cells Correlate with Leaf Senescence.
PubMed:Two differentially regulated class II chitinases from parsley.
PubMed:Transcriptional activation of the parsley chalcone synthase promoter in heterologous pea and yeast systems.
PubMed:Extensive reprogramming of primary and secondary metabolism by fungal elicitor or infection in parsley cells.
PubMed:Identification of UV/blue light-response elements in the Arabidopsis thaliana chalcone synthase promoter using a homologous protoplast transient expression system.
PubMed:Rapid, transient, and highly localized induction of plastidial omega-3 fatty acid desaturase mRNA at fungal infection sites in Petroselinum crispum.
PubMed:Biphasic Temporal and Spatial Induction Patterns of Defense-Related mRNAs and Proteins in Fungus-Infected Parsley Leaves.
PubMed:Differential regulation and tissue-specific distribution of enzymes of phenylpropanoid pathways in developing parsley seedlings.
PubMed:Gene structure and in situ transcript localization of pathogenesis-related protein 1 in parsley.
 
Notes:
Also known as Parsley Leaf Oil, this oil is produced by steam distillation of the top of the flowering parsley plant, Petroselinum Sativum. Parsley is a native of the eastern Mediterranean countries and it has been known and used in food for more than 2000 years. The plant seems to have come to England as late as 1548 and to the U.S.A. about a century later. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. petroselinum savitum, umbelliferae.
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