EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

alpha-phellandrene
p-mentha-1,5-diene

Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
CAS Number: 99-83-2Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:202-792-5
FDA UNII:49JV13XE39
Nikkaji Web:J55.716A
Beilstein Number:1280394
MDL:MFCD00040419
CoE Number:2117
XlogP3-AA:3.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
Racemate. At least 85%; secondary components 10-12% cymene and other terpene hydrocarbons. (EFSA)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1328 alpha-phellandrene
FLAVIS Number:01.006 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.006 alpha-phellandrene
FEMA Number:2856 alpha-phellandrene
FDA Mainterm: ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.83500 to 0.86500 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.948 to 7.198
Refractive Index:1.47100 to 1.47700 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-80.00 to -120.00
Boiling Point: 175.00 to 176.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 93.00 to 94.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:1.856000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 117.00 °F. TCC ( 47.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.408 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 2.862 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 alcoholic fine fragrance, good
 antiperspirant, good
 fabric softener, good
 hypochlorite bleach, poor
 liquid detergent, good
 perborate powder detergent, fair
 soap, good
 toiletry application, good
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
citrus herbal terpenic green woody pepper black pepper
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. citrus herbal terpene green woody peppery
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
Odor sample from: Berje Inc.
citrus terpenic green pepper black pepper
Odor Description:Citrus, terpenic, slightly green, black pepper-like
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 2, 49, (1991)
Flavor Type: terpenic
terpenic citrus lime fresh green
Taste Description: at 20.00 ppm. Terpenic, citrus lime with a fresh green note
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 2, 49, (1991)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Takasago
Phellandrene Biobased 100%
Odor Description:Pleasant, fresh-citrusy and peppery-woody odor with a discretely minty note
Used in citrus, spicy, and geranium accords.
Indukern F&F
ALPHA PHELLANDRENE 50% NATURAL
Odor Description:CITRUS, TERPENIC, GREEN
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Phellandrene Alpha
Services
Berjé
Phellandrene Alpha
Happening at Berje
CG Herbals
alpha-Phellandrene
Odor: Citrus, lime, pepper, juniper
Use: Used in citrus, spicy, and geranium accords.
Citrus and Allied Essences
alpha-Phellandrene FCC (natural)
Odor: fresh, citrusy, peppery, woody
Market Report
De Monchy Aromatics
alpha-Phellandrene, Natural
Odor: citrus, green, herbal, woody, peppery, terpene
Diffusions Aromatiques
alpha-PHELLANDRENE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
alpha-PHELLANDRENE
Ernesto Ventós
PHELLANDRENE ALPHA NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, LIME, PEPPER, JUNIPER
Excellentia International
alpha-Phellandrene Natural
Fleurchem
alpha-phellandrene natural
Foreverest Resources
alpha-Phellandrene 98%
Odor: characteristic
Use: alpha-Phellandrene is an oily liquid with colorless to light yellow colors. Has black pepper odor character. Flash point is 49°C. The boiling point (by 2133 pa.) of right-handed body at 66~88°C, and the left-handed body at 58~59°C. Soluble in ethanol and ethyl ether, insoluble in water. The right-handed body is existed in cinnamon oil, ginger oil, elemi oil, cumin oil and other plants. The left-handed body is existed in eucalyptus oil, star anise oil, gump couch oil, laurel oil, pepper oil and other plants.
Indenta Group
alpha-Phellandrene
Indukern F&F
ALPHA PHELLANDRENE 50% NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, TERPENIC, GREEN
Indukern F&F
ALPHA PHELLANDRENE 65% NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, TERPENIC, GREEN
Jiangyin Healthway
Phellandrene
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
alpha-PHELLANDRENE 57%
Lluch Essence
alpha-PHELLANDRENE 75%
Lluch Essence
alpha-PHELLANDRENE 80%
Moellhausen
ALPHA-PHELLANDRENE
Penta International
alpha-PHELLANDRENE, Kosher
Penta International
alpha-PHELLANDRENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
alpha-Phellandrene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
alpha-Phellandrene
Sigma-Aldrich
a-Phellandrene stabilized
Odor: herbaceous; minty
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
a-Phellandrene, natural, ≥85%, FG
SRS Aromatics
alpha-PHELLANDRENE
Odor: Citrus, Herbal, Terpene, Green, Woody, Peppery
Takasago
Phellandrene
Biobased 100%
Odor: Pleasant, fresh-citrusy and peppery-woody odor with a discretely minty note
Use: Used in citrus, spicy, and geranium accords.
The Fragrance Museum
The John D. Walsh Company
Phellandrene
Vigon International
Phellandrene Alpha FCC
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
4 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] > 5700 mg/kg
Submitted study is on dermal toxicity.
(Moreno, 1972k)

oral-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] 1.87 ml/kg
Substance mixed with acacia. 6 animals per dose group
(Brownlee, 1940)

oral-rat LD50 5700 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 843, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for alpha-phellandrene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 79.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 410.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -41.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -10.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -28.00000
fruit ices: -28.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -130.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):99-83-2
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :7460
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 2319
WGK Germany:3
2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
Chemidplus:0000099832
RTECS:OS8080000 for cas# 99-83-2
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:99-83-2
Pubchem (cid):7460
Pubchem (sid):134972059
Flavornet:99-83-2
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09875
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35850
FooDB:FDB014630
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.1000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir balsam concrete
FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
citrus
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(R)-
citronellyl nitrile
FR
iso
decyl acetate
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lime oil fractions
FR
lime oil replacer
FR
lime pyran
FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
limonene aldehyde
FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
1-
methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurized
FL/FR
alpha-
methylene citronellal
FR
neroli ketone
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
tangerine acetate
FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
6-
methyl-5-hepten-2-one propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydrocitronellyl ethyl ether
FR
dihydromyrcene
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
glycoacetal
FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hyacinth ether
FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
leerall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
melaleuca ericifolia leaf oil
FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fresh
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
iso
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
1,4-
dibutyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
1,4-
diisopropyl-6,8-dioxabicyclo(3.2.1)octane
FR
grapefruit acetal
FR
green acetate
FR
methyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
green
bergoxane
FR
citral / diisotridecyl acetal
FR
citrus carbaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
fresh nitrile
FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
green carboxylate
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene oxide
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
melaleuca linariifolia oil
FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
nonisyl formate
FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
origanum oil terpenes
FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
tricyclo(5.2.1.02,6)dec-3-enyl acetate
FR
marine
marine pyridine
FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
2,4,4,6-
tetramethyl cyclohexa-2,5-diene-1-one
FR
mossy
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
pine oil 85
FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
2,5-
dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate + 1,4-dimethyl bicyclo(3.2.1)-2-octen-3-yl acetate
FR
eugenol
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniper branch oil
FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
tonka
flouve absolute
FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
woody
bruyere root absolute
FR
cedrela wood oil
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
moss naphthaleneol
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody propanol
FR
xanthoxylum alatum roxb. oil
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
betula pubescens bud oil
FL/FR
delta-3-
carene
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
dipentene
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
methyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
6-
methyl-5-hepten-2-one propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
(±)-
tetrahydronootkatone
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
2,4,4-
trimethyl-1,3-oxathiane
FL
dextro-
limonene oxide
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
anise
anise seed oil
FL/FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
citral
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded california
FL/FR
grapefruit oil folded florida
FL/FR
lemon carbonyls
FL
lemon lime flavor
FL
lemongrass oil terpenes
FL/FR
lime oil distilled folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed folded
FL/FR
lime oil expressed furanocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
dextro-
limonene
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
1-
methyl-4-methyl ethenyl cyclohexene sulfurized
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
2-
dodecenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
linalyl anthranilate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orange leaf absolute
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))
FL/FR
greasy
10-
undecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
elemi absolute
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene
FL/FR
alpha-
farnesene isomer
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
galbanum resinoid
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl tiglate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-
nonadienal
FL
oakmoss absolute
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
2,4-
octadienal
FL
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
octanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulal
FL/FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
pennyroyal oil
FL/FR
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
orris
costus root oil
FL
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
spicy
allspice oil
FL/FR
benzyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myrtle oil
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
laevo-
limonene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
thujonic
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
humulus lupulus extract
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FL/FRangelica
FRanise
FRbalsam
FLcarrot
FRcinnamon
FRcitrus
FL/FRfennel
FRgeranium
FRherbal
FRmace
FRnutmeg
FRorange blossom
FRpeach
 pepper
FRpine
FRsassafras
FRspice
FLtropical
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 1.70%
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 allspice fruit
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 allspice leaf
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 allspice leaf oil
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 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.40%
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 angelica root oil @ 2.02%
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 angelica seed oil @ 2.00%
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 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.50%
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.39%
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 anise star anise fruit
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 artemisia vestita wall. flower oil @ 15.60%
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 artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil @ 17.40%
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 basil flower oil sweet @ 0.03%
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 basil leaf oil sweet (ocimum basilicum) @ 0.08%
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ trace%
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 bay laurel fruit oil
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 bay laurel leaf
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.07-0.45%
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 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.3%
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 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.2%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.016-0.056%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.073%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.075%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.060%
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 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.04%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 5.80%
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 cajuput oil @ 0.5%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 0.5%
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 calamus root oil mongolia @ 0.20%
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 cananga fruit oil @ 0.2%
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 caraway seed
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 cardamom fruit
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 cardamom seed
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 carrot root
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 carrot seed oil spain @ trace-0.02%
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.13%
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 cassis bud oil @ trace-1.58%
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 cayenne fruit
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 celery seed oil
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 celery seed oil egypt @ 0.10%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.20%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 23.40%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 0.1-0.7%
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.23%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.12%
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 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.60%
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 coriander fruit
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 coriander oil
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 coriander seed oil
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 cornmint oil india @ 0.02%
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 cotton plant
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.50%
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 cubeb oil @ 0.58%
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 cumin seed
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 cumin seed oil
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ 0.63%
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 cumin seed oil turkey @ 0.2%
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 curry fruit oil india @ 2.70%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 6.10%
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 cypress cone oil egypt @ trace%
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 dill leaf
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 dill oil
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 dill root oil
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 dill seed
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 dill seed oil
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 dill shoot oil
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 dill weed oil cuba @ 24.88%
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 dill weed oil reunion @ 56.50%
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 61.40%
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 elemi oil @ 4.30%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 0.40%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 7.70%
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 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 5.60%
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 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ 0.01%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 2.11%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.10%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.01%
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 eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 2.50%
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 eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 5.00%
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 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 3.80%
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 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.60%
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 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
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 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 6.15%
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 fennel oil
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 fennel plant
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 fennel seed
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 fennel seed oil bitter lithuania @ 4.10%
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 fennel seed oil sweet @ trace%
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 ferula cupularis leaf oil @ 2.36%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 0.6%
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.03-0.19%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.12%
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 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 0.40%
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 garlic bulb
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 geranium oil bourbon @ 0.12%
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 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.05%
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 geranium stem oil india @ 0.09%
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.60%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.05%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.07%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.08%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.06%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.05%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ trace-0.01%
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ trace%
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 hyssop flower
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 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop leaf oil
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 hyssop oil
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 juniper branch oil @ 0.30%
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 juniper needle oil @ 1.30%
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 kewda oil @ 0.6-0.08%
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 laurel bark oil @ 0.2%
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 laurel leaf oil @ 0.5%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.20%
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 laurel stem oil @ 0.1%
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 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.07%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.07%
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 lavandula officinalis flower oil @ 0.20%
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 lavender oil spike france @ trace%
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 layana oil kenya @ trace%
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.04%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.04%
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ trace%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.27%
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 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.05%
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 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.93%
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 levisticum officinale seed oil @ 1.96%
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.46%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.44%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
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 lovage flower oil @ 3.14%
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 lovage leaf oil @ 2.37%
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 lovage root
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 lovage root oil @ 0.24%
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 lovage seed oil @ 11.91%
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 mace oil @ 1.60%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.40%
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 mace oil east india @ 3.17%
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 0.48%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.06%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.07%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.48%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.03-0.04%
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 mango flower
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 0.11%
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 marjoram oil sweet egypt @ 4.84%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 0.20%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.53%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.00-0.01%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.06%
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 mastic leaf oil @ trace%
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 mastic oil @ 0.13%
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 melaleuca
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.34%
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 mint
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.70%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.30%
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 nutmeg leaf oil
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.7%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 0.67%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil c.p. brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ trace%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.02%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.045%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.049%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.058%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.073%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.091%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.05%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.05%
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 oregano oil
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.56%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.08%
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil @ 0.39%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.09%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 1.46%
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 parsley seed
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 parsley seed oil
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 parsley seed oil @ 0.28%
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 parsnip root
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 pennyroyal oil uruguay @ trace%
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper oil
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 17.34%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 30.24%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.01%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.08%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.12%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.14%
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 pinus spp.
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.70%
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 plumcot fruit
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 6.30%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.80%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 16.70%
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 pteronia oil @ 0.40%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 1.99%%
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 ridolfia segetum
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 rosemary
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 1.30%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 0.46%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 3.2%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 0.38%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 safflower bud
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 safflower leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 1.00%
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 sage oil cuba @ 1.16%
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 sage oil reunion @ 0.80%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.2%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.10%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 1.16%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.10%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ trace%
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 savin oil @ 0.20%
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sideritis syriaca l. oil bulgaria @ 1.00%
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 spearmint leaf
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.50%
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.07%
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 tagete oil turkey @ 0.09%
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 7.60%
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 tangerine oil america @ trace%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.10%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 2.60%
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 tarragon leaf oil
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 tarragon oil
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 thyme absolute @ trace%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.09%
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 thyme oil red india @ 0.2%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.15-0.19%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.88%
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 thyme plant
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 0.20%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric rhizome
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 wormseed oil america @ 0.01%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.01%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.35%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-trace%
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 wormwood oil italy @ trace%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ trace%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.50%
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 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.27-0.36%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ trace%
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Synonyms:
1,3-cyclohexadiene, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-
 dihydro-p-cymene
 dihydro-para-cymene
alpha-fellandrene
p-mentha-1,5-diene
para-mentha-1,5-diene
 menthadiene
1-methyl-4-isopropyl-1,5-cyclohexadiene
(-)-2-methyl-5-(1-methyl ethyl)-1,3-cyclohexadiene
(-)-2-methyl-5-(1-methylethyl)-1,3-cyclohexadiene
2-methyl-5-(propan-2-yl)cyclohexa-1,3-diene
2-methyl-5-isopropyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
(-)-a-phellandrene
(±)-a-phellandrene
a-phellandrene
alpha-phellandrene 65% natural
 phellandrene alpha FCC
alpha-phellandrene extra FCC (natural)
alpha-phellandrene FCC (natural)
alpha-phellandrene natural
4-isopropyl-1-methyl-1,5-cyclohexadiene
(-)-5-isopropyl-2-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
5-isopropyl-2-methyl-1,3-cyclohexadiene
5-isopropyl-2-methylcyclohexa-1,3-diene
1-isopropyl-4-methyl-2,4-cyclohexadiene
 

Articles:

PubMed:Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) and its bioactive constituents.
PubMed:Induction of α-Phellandrene on Autophagy in Human Liver Tumor Cells.
PubMed:Constituents, antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils from Trachelospermum jasminoides flowers.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oil from ripe fruit of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi and evaluation of its activity against wild strains of hospital origin.
PubMed:Generation of sub-ppb level vapor phase mixtures of biogenic volatile organic compounds from liquid phase standards and stepwise characterization of their volatilization properties by thermal desorption-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Antimicrobial, antioxidative, and insect repellent effects of Artemisia absinthium essential oil.
PubMed:In vitro interactions of Peucedanum officinale essential oil with antibiotics.
PubMed:Essential oils from Schinus species of northwest Argentina: Composition and antifungal activity.
PubMed:Enhanced repellency of binary mixtures of Calophyllum inophyllum nut oil fatty acids or their esters and three terpenoids to Stomoxys calcitrans.
PubMed:Phenolic profile, antioxidant capacity and anti-inflammatory activity of Anethum graveolens L. essential oil.
PubMed:GC-MS characterisation and antibacterial activity evaluation of Nigella sativa oil against diverse strains of Salmonella.
PubMed:Diglycerol-based polyesters: melt polymerization with hydrophobic anhydrides.
PubMed:Induction of necrosis in human liver tumor cells by α-phellandrene.
PubMed:α-Phellandrene alters expression of genes associated with DNA damage, cell cycle, and apoptosis in murine leukemia WEHI-3 cells.
PubMed:Antibacterial and antioxidant activities and chemical compositions of volatile oils extracted from Schisandra chinensis Baill. seeds using simultaneous distillation extraction method, and comparison with Soxhlet and microwave-assisted extraction.
PubMed:Alpha-phellandrene, a natural active monoterpene, influences a murine WEHI-3 leukemia model in vivo by enhancing macrophague phagocytosis and natural killer cell activity.
PubMed:Alpha-phellandrene-induced DNA damage and affect DNA repair protein expression in WEHI-3 murine leukemia cells in vitro.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of Angelica archangelica L. (Apiaceae) roots.
PubMed:Composition and cytotoxic activity of essential oils from Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich, Xylopia parviflora (A. Rich) Benth.) and Monodora myristica (Gaertn) growing in Chad and Cameroon.
PubMed:Chemical composition of Angelica pancicii essential oil determined by liquid and headspace GC-MS techniques.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile components extracted from the peels of four different Chinese pomelos using TDS-GC-MS.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from Burkina Faso.
PubMed:Antihyperalgesic and antidepressive actions of (R)-(+)-limonene, α-phellandrene, and essential oil from Schinus terebinthifolius fruits in a neuropathic pain model.
PubMed:The inhibition of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus by essential oils isolated from leaves and fruits of Schinus areira depending on their chemical compositions.
PubMed:Ultrafast polyene dynamics: the ring opening of 1,3-cyclohexadiene derivatives.
PubMed:Constituents of essential oils from the leaves, stem barks and resins of Canarium parvum Leen., and Canarium tramdenanum Dai et Yakovl. (Burseracea) grown in Vietnam.
PubMed:Cytotoxic activity of essential oils of aerial parts and ripe fruits of Echinophora spinosa (Apiaceae).
PubMed:Assessment of Volatile Chemical Composition of the Essential Oil of Jatropha ribifolia (Pohl) Baill by HS-SPME-GC-MS Using Different Fibers.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of Aegle marmelos (L.) Correa: chemotypic and seasonal variations.
PubMed:Alpha-phellandrene promotes immune responses in normal mice through enhancing macrophage phagocytosis and natural killer cell activities.
PubMed:Chemical variability and antioxidant activity of Limbarda crithmoides L. essential oil from Corsica.
PubMed:Antioxidant, antimicrobial and toxicological properties of Schinus molle L. essential oils.
PubMed:Cryotrap/SPME/GC/MS method for profiling of monoterpenes in cheese and their clustering according to geographic origin.
PubMed:Ultrafast ring-opening reactions: a comparison of alpha-terpinene, alpha-phellandrene, and 7-dehydrocholesterol with 1,3-cyclohexadiene.
PubMed:Distillation time modifies essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant capacity of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill).
PubMed:A comparative analysis of essential oils of Goniothalamus macrocalyx Ban., Goniothalamus albiflorus Ban. and Goniothalamus tamirensis Pierre ex Fin. & Gagnep. from Vietnam.
PubMed:Phytochemical contents and enzyme inhibitory and antioxidant properties of Anethum graveolens L. (dill) samples cultivated under organic and conventional agricultural conditions.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of aerial parts and ripe fruits of Echinophora spinosa (Apiaceae) from Italy.
PubMed:Larvicidal activities and chemical composition of essential oils from Piper klotzschianum (Kunth) C. DC. (Piperaceae).
PubMed:Angle-resolved strong-field ionization of polyatomic molecules: more than the orbitals matters.
PubMed:Chemical compositions and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from Magnolia grandiflora, Chrysactinia mexicana, and Schinus molle found in northeast Mexico.
PubMed:[Influence of processing methods on the chemical composition of the essential oil from Aucklandia lappa].
PubMed:Chemical compositions, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of Piper officinarum (Piperaceae).
PubMed:Functional characterization of myrcene hydroxylases from two geographically distinct Ips pini populations.
PubMed:Mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellency field tests of essential oils from plants traditionally used in Laos.
PubMed:Mycotoxicogenic fungal inhibition by innovative cheese cover with aromatic plants.
PubMed:Biotransformation of (-)-(R)-α-phellandrene: antimicrobial activity of its major metabolite.
PubMed:Composition and biological activity of essential oils against Metopolophium dirhodum (Hemiptera: Aphididae) cereal crop pest.
PubMed:Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and acaricidal activity of Schinus terebinthifolius from Atlantic Forest of Pernambuco, Brazil against Tetranychus urticae.
PubMed:Composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the leaf essential oil of Machilus japonica from Taiwan.
PubMed:Antinociceptive activity of the monoterpene α-phellandrene in rodents: possible mechanisms of action.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cupressus atlantica.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity studies on S. erianthum and S. macranthum essential oils.
PubMed:Essential oils of four Rwandese hepatoprotective herbs: Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analysis and antioxidant activities.
PubMed:Multidimensional enantio gas chromtography/mass spectrometry and gas chromatography-combustion-isotopic ratio mass spectrometry for the authenticity assessment of lime essential oils (C. aurantifolia Swingle and C. latifolia Tanaka).
PubMed:Post-irradiation changes of the volatile oil constituents of Monodora myristica (Gaertn) Dunal.
PubMed:Chemical variability in the essential oil of Cinnamomum tamala L. leaves from India.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Lantana camara var. moritziana.
PubMed:Activity of Schinus areira (Anacardiaceae) essential oils against the grain storage pest Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed:Antioxidant properties of Thymus vulgaris oil against aflatoxin-induce oxidative stress in male rats.
PubMed:Comparative matrix isolation infrared spectroscopy study of 1,3- and 1,4-diene monoterpenes (α-phellandrene and γ-terpinene).
PubMed:Survey of ex situ fruit and leaf volatiles from several Pistacia cultivars grown in California.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile constituents, and antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the essential oils of Thymus caucasicus, T. kotschyanus and T. vulgaris.
PubMed:Chemoprevention by essential oil of turmeric leaves (Curcuma longa L.) on the growth of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Senecio pterophorus (African daisy) DC. from South Africa.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of leaves of Stachys yemenensis obtained by supercritical CO₂.
PubMed:Major essential oils composition and immunotoxicity activity from leaves of Foeniculum vulgare against Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anticancer and antioxidant activities of Schinus molle L. and Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi berries essential oils.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum.
PubMed:Anethum graveolens: An Indian traditional medicinal herb and spice.
PubMed:Composition and biological properties of the volatile oil of Artemisia gorgonum Webb.
PubMed:Improved enantioselective synthesis of (-)-linderol A: hindered rotation about aryl-Csp(3) bond.
PubMed:Influence of growth phase and geographic origin on the essential oil composition of Pituranthos chloranthus from Tunisia.
PubMed:The role of specific tomato volatiles in tomato-whitefly interaction.
PubMed:Monoterpenes in the glandular trichomes of tomato are synthesized from a neryl diphosphate precursor rather than geranyl diphosphate.
PubMed:Constituents of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Moringa oleifera Lam., Heliotropium indicum L. and Bidens pilosa L. from Nigeria.
PubMed:[Study on chemical constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Acanthopanax brachypus].
PubMed:HIV-1-inhibiting activity of the essential oil of Ridolfia segetum and Oenanthe crocata.
PubMed:What makes Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) oviposit on aphid infested tomato plants?
PubMed:Antinociceptive effect and GC/MS analysis of Rosmarinus officinalis L. essential oil from its aerial parts.
PubMed:Disappearance of nine monoterpenes exposed in vitro to the rumen microflora of dairy goats: effects of inoculum source, redox potential, and vancomycin.
PubMed:Synthesis and chemistry of 2,3-dioxabicyclo[2.2.2]octane-5,6-diols.
PubMed:Selectivity in the electron transfer catalyzed Diels-Alder reaction of (R)-alpha-phellandrene and 4-methoxystyrene.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oil and headspace-solid microextracts from fruits of Myrica gale L. and antifungal activity.
PubMed:Comparison of a novel distillation method versus a traditional distillation method in a model gin system using liquid/liquid extraction.
PubMed:Simple chiral diene ligands provide high enantioselectivities in transition-metal-catalyzed conjugate addition reactions.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Tunisian Salvia officinalis L. and Schinus molle L. essential oils: their chemical compositions and their preservative effects against Salmonella inoculated in minced beef meat.
PubMed:Comparison of chemical composition of the essential oil of Laurus nobilis L. leaves and fruits from different regions of Hatay, Turkey.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Artemisia feddei.
PubMed:Hypolipidemic activity of Anethum graveolens in rats.
PubMed:Nematicidal and Propagation Activities of Thyme Red and White Oil Compounds toward Bursaphelenchus xylophilus (Nematoda: Parasitaphelenchidae).
PubMed:Natural compounds of Palestine flora. Comparison analysis by static headspace and steam distillation GC-MS of semivolatile secondary metabolites from leaves of cultivated Palestinian Majorana syriaca.
PubMed:Cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia).
PubMed:Toxicity of Myristica fagrans seed compounds against Blattella germanica (Dictyoptera: Blattellidae).
PubMed:The effect of the volatile oil from ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale), its fractions and isolated compounds on the 5-HT3 receptor complex and the serotoninergic system of the rat ileum.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Ridolfia segetum (L.) Moris.
PubMed:Analysis of aromatic and terpenic constituents of pepper extracts by capillary electrochromatography.
PubMed:Comparative essential oil composition and antifungal effect of bitter fennel (Foeniculum vulgare ssp. piperitum) fruit oils obtained during different vegetation.
PubMed:Broad activation of the glomerular layer enhances subsequent olfactory responses.
PubMed:Composition of the volatile fraction of Ocotea bofo Kunth (Lauraceae) calyces by GC-MS and NMR fingerprinting and its antimicrobial and antioxidant activity.
PubMed:Conjugated dienes as prohaptens in contact allergy: in vivo and in vitro studies of structure-activity relationships, sensitizing capacity, and metabolic activation.
PubMed:Constituents and biological activities of Schinus polygamus.
PubMed:Changes in terpene content in milk from pasture-fed cows.
PubMed:Evaluation of extracts and oils of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellent plants from Sweden and Guinea-Bissau.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of Diplotaenia damavandica.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil from aerial parts of Eupatorium cannabinum subsp. corsicum (L.) by gas chromatography with electron impact and chemical ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed:A chemical investigation by headspace SPME and GC-MS of volatile and semi-volatile terpenes in various olibanum samples.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Myrica gale L.
PubMed:Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry study of the essential oils of Schinus longifolia (Lindl.) speg., Schinus fasciculata (Griseb.) I. M. Johnst., and Schinus areira L.
PubMed:Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.
PubMed:Aroma evaluation of an aquatic herb, Changpo (Acorus calamus Var. angustatus Bess), by AEDA and SPME.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antibacterial and antifungal activities of the essential oil of Haplophyllum tuberculatum from Oman.
PubMed:Rapid determination of volatile compounds emitted from Chimonanthus praecox flowers by HS-SPME-GC-MS.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Angelica glauca growing wild in North-West Himalaya (India).
PubMed:Volatiles associated with preferred and nonpreferred hosts of the Nantucket pine tip moth, Rhyacionia frustrana.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile secondary metabolites from Colombian Xylopia aromatica (Lamarck) by different extraction and headspace methods and gas chromatography.
PubMed:Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed:Chiral recognition ability of alpha-cyclodextrin with regard to some monoterpenoids under gas-liquid chromatographic conditions.
PubMed:Air pollutants effect on monoterpenes composition and foliar chemical parameters in Schinus areira L.
PubMed:Volatile emissions of eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis, and the influence of hemlock woolly adelgid.
PubMed:Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed:Wet effluent diffusion denuder technique and the determination of volatile organic compounds in air. II. Monoterpenes.
PubMed:Isotope ratio by HRGC-MS of citrus Junos tanaka (yuzu) essential oils: m/z 137/136 of terpene hydrocarbons.
PubMed:Age and space distributions of monoterpenes in fresh needles of Picea abies (L) Karst. Determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Dynamic deadspace-gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of different anatomical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) at eight growing stages.
PubMed:Characterization of some Italian types of wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.).
PubMed:Intraspecific chemical variability of the leaf essential oil of Juniperus phoenicea subsp. turbinata from Corsica.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the bark oil of Croton stellulifer, an endemic species from S. Tomé e Príncipe.
PubMed:Inter-population differences in the essential oils of Pinus caribaea needles.
PubMed:Biotransformation of gamma-terpinene and (-)-alpha-phellandrene by the larvae of common cutworm (Spodoptera litura).
PubMed:Geranic acid formation, an initial reaction of anaerobic monoterpene metabolism in denitrifying Alcaligenes defragrans.
PubMed:Volatile components of roots, stems, leaves, and flowers of Echinacea species.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:The essential oil of Senecio graveolens (Compositae): chemical composition and antimicrobial activity tests.
PubMed:Degradation products of monoterpenes are the sensitizing agents in tea tree oil.
PubMed:Alcaligenes defragrans sp. nov., description of four strains isolated on alkenoic monoterpenes ((+)-menthene, alpha-pinene, 2-carene, and alpha-phellandrene) and nitrate.
PubMed:Microbial degradation of monoterpenes in the absence of molecular oxygen.
PubMed:Caribbean fruit fly,Anastrepha suspensa (Loew), attraction to host fruit and host kairomones.
PubMed:Melaleuca oil (tea tree oil) dermatitis.
PubMed:Volatile Constituents of Dracocephalum nutans.
PubMed:Changes in the Essential Oil Components during the Development of Fennel Plants from Somatic Embryoids.
PubMed:[Monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes and dimeric phellandrenes from manila-elemi].
PubMed:Microbial transformations of some monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Plectranthus rugosus leaf oil.
PubMed:GLC-mass spectrometry of Teucrium polium oil.
 
Notes:
can be irritating to, & absorbed by the skin; ingestion can cause vomiting, diarrhea. Phellandrene is the name for a pair of organic compounds that have a similar molecular structure and similar chemical properties. alpha-Phellandrene and beta-phellandrene are cyclic monoterpenes and are double-bond isomers. The phellandrenes are used in fragrances because of their pleasing aromas. (Wikipedia) Constit. of oils of pimento, bay, Citrus, Juniperus, Mentha, and other essential oils. Oil of Zanthoxylum alatum is a major source (50%). Flavouring agent Phellandrene is the name for a pair of organic compounds that have a similar molecular structure and similar chemical properties. alpha-Phellandrene and beta-phellandrene are cyclic monoterpenes and are double-bond isomers. The phellandrenes are used in fragrances because of their pleasing aromas. (Wikipedia)
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