linolenic acid
cis-9,cis-12,cis-15-octadecatrienoic acid
 
Notes:
a fatty acid that is found in plants and involved in the formation of prostaglandins. An essential fatty acid alpha-Linolenic acid (Not to be confused with linoleic acid) is an organic compound found in many common vegetable oils. In terms of its structure, it is named all-cis-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid. In physiological literature, it is given the name 18:3 (n?3). (Wikipedia)
  • Beijing Lys Chemicals
    • Beijing Lys Chemicals Co, LTD.
      From Grams to Tons
      Fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales.
      BEIJING LYS CHEMICALS CO, LTD, established in 2004, is a fine chemical high-tech company which contains R&D, production, and sales. We mainly engaged in export and technology development of flavor and fragrance materials and pharmaceutical intermediates. We have nearly 500 kinds of products, from grams to tons, exported to USA, Europe, South Asia and etc. And we custom manufacture new products according to customers’ needs, and serve good quality products and service. Our goal is to become a fine chemical enterprise which could provide special products and services.
      Email: Mr. Jia
      Email: Mr. Guo
      Voice: 86-10-68418738
      Fax: 86-10-68418739
      Mr. Guo86-10-68483445
      Mr. Guo86-10-68418739
      News
      Product(s):
      20069 Natural alpha linolenic acid
       
  • CTC Organics
    • CTC Organics
      For More Than 40 Year
      Your source for rare aroma chemicals for the flavor and fragrance industy.
      “The world is run by middle men.” The number of times I have heard Dr. Liu utter those words are innumerable. He loved reciting and recording famous quotes and had many of his own. Among his many talents, Dr. Liu had a unique genius in the area of chemistry. He had an uncanny understanding of the pulse of the chemical industry and was a superb salesman.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: (404) 524-6744
      US Fax: (404) 577-1651
      Resources
      History
      Product(s):
      W131 linolenic acid
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      12-64500 LINOLENIC ACID, Kosher
      12-64505 LINOLENIC ACID NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Email: Global Business
      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
      US Voice: 800-423-8616
      US Fax: 888-520-1075
      Tokyo Tel:03-5640-8851
      Tokyo Fax:03-5640-8865
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      Product(s):
      L0050 Linolenic Acid >70.0%(GC)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid (Click)
CAS Number: 463-40-1Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 207-334-8
FDA UNII: 0RBV727H71
Nikkaji Web: J5.773H
Beilstein Number: 1727693
MDL: MFCD00065720
CoE Number: 695
XlogP3: 5.90 (est)
Molecular Weight: 278.43550000
Formula: C18 H30 O2
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 90.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.91000 to 0.92000 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.572 to  7.655
Refractive Index: 1.47900 to 1.48100 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -11.00 to  -10.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 230.00 to  231.00 °C. @ 1.00 mm Hg
Flash Point: > 230.00 °F. TCC ( > 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.460
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.1236 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Strength: none
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
faint fatty
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: antistatic agents
cleansing agents
emollients
hair conditioning
perfuming agents
skin conditioning
surfactants
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Suppliers:
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Natural alpha linolenic acid
Changsha Organic Herb
Gamma-Linolenic Acid (GLA)
CTC Organics
linolenic acid
Ernesto Ventós
LINOLENIC ACID NATURAL
Odor: WOODY, GREEN
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Linolenic Acid (GC) ≥96% (sum of isomers)
Indukern F&F
LINOLENIC ACID
CROP CALENDAR
Inoue Perfumery
LINOLENIC ACID
Penta International
LINOLENIC ACID NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
LINOLENIC ACID, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
a-Linolenic Acid >98%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
Linolenic Acid analytical standard
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Linolenic Acid >70.0%(GC)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: cosmetic, flavor and fragrance agents
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 110.00 (μg/capita/day)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 463-40-1
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 5280934
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid
Chemidplus: 0000463401
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 463-40-1
Pubchem (cid): 5280934
Pubchem (sid): 134973662
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C06427
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB01388
FooDB: FDB012462
Export Tariff Code: 2916.15.1000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 antistatic agents 
 emollients 
 hair conditioning 
 skin conditioning 
 surfactants 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 almond seed
Search Trop  Picture
 apple fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 avocado fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 banana plant
Search Trop  Picture
 barley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 barley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 basil seed
Search Trop  Picture
 basswood wood
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel plant
Search Trop  Picture
 bean asparagus bean fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bean asparagus bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean banner bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 bean fava bean
Search Trop  Picture
 bean fava bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean field bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean mat bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean mung bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean mung bean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 bean winged bean tuber
Search Trop  Picture
 bean yam bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 beet leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 beet root
Search Trop  Picture
 black gram seed
Search Trop  Picture
 borage seed
Search Trop  Picture
 borage seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 borage seed seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 brazil nut
Search Trop  Picture
 breadfruit seed
Search Trop  Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 brussel sprout leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn
Search Trop  Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 buckwheat pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 buckwheat seed
Search Trop  Picture
 burdock fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 butternut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage savoy cabbage
Search Trop  Picture
 cacao plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cantaloupe cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 caper plant
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carob bean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
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 cashew nut
Search Trop  Picture
 cassava root
Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cherimoya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cherry sour cherry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 chickpea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 chicory root
Search Trop  Picture
 chive leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 2.45%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coffee bean
Search Trop  Picture
 corn seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cress garden cress leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cress garden cress seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 cucumber fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 currant red currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion pollen
Search Trop  Picture
 dandelion root
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 dill seed
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 eggplant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder flower
Search Trop  Picture
 endive leaf
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 evening-primrose leaf
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 evening-primrose oil
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 evening-primrose seed
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 evening-primrose seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fenugreek seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fig seed
Search Trop  Picture
 flax
Search Trop  Picture
 flax flower
Search Trop  Picture
 flax seed
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 flax seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 flax sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 garlic plant
Search Trop  Picture
 genet absolute @ 26.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 ginkgo biloba seed
Search Trop  Picture
 gooseberry fruit
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 grape fruit
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 grape seed oil
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 guava fruit
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 guava seed
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 guava strawberry guava fruit
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 kohlrabi stem
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 leek wild leek plant
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 lentil seed
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 lentil sprout
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 lettuce leaf
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 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 linden little-leaf linden
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 lotus indian lotus rhizome
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 lotus indian lotus seed
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 lupine white lupine seed
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 mallow jew's mallow leaf
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 mallow jew's mallow seed
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
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 marjoram seed
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 melon bitter melon cotyledon
Search Trop  Picture
 melon bitter melon fruit
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 melon bitter melon seed oil
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 mustard white mustard seed
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 onion bulb
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 orange fruit
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 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
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 papaya seed
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 papaya seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 passion fruit seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea black-eyed pea seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pea black-eyed pea shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 pea fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pea pigeon pea seed
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 pea seed
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 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peanut seed
Search Trop  Picture
 pear fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed
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 peppermint leaf
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 pine pinyon pine seed
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 pineapple fruit
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 pistachio nut
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 pomegranate seed
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 poppy opium poppy seed
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 potato sweet potato root
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 potato tuber
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 purslane herb
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 purslane seed
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 quince seed
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 radish root
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 raspberry red raspberry seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 rice seed
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 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rue seed
Search Trop  Picture
 rugula seed
Search Trop  Picture
 rye seed
Search Trop  Picture
 safflower seed
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron
Search Trop  Picture
 saffron stigma
Search Trop  Picture
 sage fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage seed
Search Trop  Picture
 savory summer savory seed
Search Trop  Picture
 sesame seed
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 sesame seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 shea tree seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sorrel garden sorrel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean plant
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean seed
Search Trop  Picture
 soybean sprout
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spinach sea spinach leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 squash summer squash fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 sunflower seed
Search Trop  Picture
 tamarind seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 taro leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 taro root
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme seed
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
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 walnut black walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut english walnut nut
Search Trop  Picture
 wheat plant
Search Trop  Picture
 yam mountain yam root
Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
alpha-linolenic acid
 linolenicacid
 octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid
(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid
(Z,Z,Z)-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid
(9Z,12Z,15Z)-octadecatrienoic acid
(all-Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
(Z,Z,Z)-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
9,12,15-all-cis-octadecatrienoic acid
9Z,12Z,15Z-octadecatrienoic acid
all cis-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
all-cis-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
cis-9,cis-12,cis-15-octadecatrienoic acid
cis-delta9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
cis,cis,cis-9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid
9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, (9Z,12Z,15Z)-
9,12,15-octadecatrienoic acid, (Z,Z,Z)-
 octadecatrienoic acid, 9,12,15-(Z,Z,Z)-
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Designer laying hen diets to improve egg fatty acid profile and maintain sensory quality.
J-Stage: In Vivo Anti-Tumor Activity of a New Doxorubicin Conjugate via a-Linolenic Acid
PubMed: Model studies on the key aroma compounds formed by an oxidative degradation of ω-3 fatty acids initiated by either copper(II) ions or lipoxygenase.
PubMed: Flavor of cold-hardy grapes: impact of berry maturity and environmental conditions.
PubMed: Milk volatile organic compounds and fatty acid profile in cows fed timothy as hay, pasture, or silage.
PubMed: Effects of feeding flaxseed or sunflower-seed in high-forage diets on beef production, quality and fatty acid composition.
PubMed: Significant influence of particular unsaturated fatty acids and pH on the volatile compounds in meat-like model systems.
PubMed: Effects of forage species or concentrate finishing on animal performance, carcass and meat quality.
PubMed: Blood and tissue fatty acid compositions, lipoprotein levels, performance and meat flavor of broilers fed fish oil: changes in the pre- and post-withdrawal design.
PubMed: Oxidative stability and consumer acceptance of fish oil fortified nutrition bars.
PubMed: Influence of lipid content and lipoxygenase on flavor volatiles in the tomato peel and flesh.
PubMed: Fatty acid profile and sensory characteristics of table eggs from laying hens fed hempseed and hempseed oil.
PubMed: Effect of flax addition on the flavor profile and acceptability of bagels.
PubMed: The effect of flaxseed supplementation on growth, carcass characteristics, fatty acid profile, retail shelf life, and sensory characteristics of beef from steers finished on grasslands of the northern Great Plains.
PubMed: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) seed as an n-3 fatty acid source for finishing pigs: effects on fatty acid composition and fat stability of the meat and internal fat, growth performance, and meat sensory characteristics.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Early deposition of n-3 fatty acids from tuna oil in lean and adipose tissue of fattening pigs is mainly permanent.
PubMed: A novel photometric method for evaluation of the oxidative stability of virgin olive oils.
PubMed: Utilization of okara, a byproduct from soymilk production, through the development of soy-based snack food.
PubMed: Effects of grain processing and dietary lipid source on performance, carcass characteristics, plasma fatty acids, and sensory properties of steaks from finishing cattle.
PubMed: Mapping of the loci controlling oleic and linolenic acid contents and development of fad2 and fad3 allele-specific markers in canola (Brassica napus L.).
PubMed: Characterization of (E,E,Z)-2,4,6-nonatrienal as a character impact aroma compound of oat flakes.
PubMed: Production of gamma-lactones by the brown-rot basidiomycete Piptoporus soloniensis.
PubMed: A simple and efficient system for green note compound biogenesis by use of certain lipoxygenase and hydroperoxide lyase sources.
PubMed: Oil quality and sensory evaluation of almond (Prunus amygdalus) stored after electron beam processing.
PubMed: Comparison of fatty acid and polar lipid contents of tubers from two potato species, Solanum tuberosum and Solanum phureja.
PubMed: Feeding encapsulated ground full-fat soybeans to increase polyunsaturated fat concentrations and effects on flavor volatiles in fresh lamb.
PubMed: Identification of a specific isoform of tomato lipoxygenase (TomloxC) involved in the generation of fatty acid-derived flavor compounds.
PubMed: Identification and sensory evaluation of volatile compounds in oxidized porcine liver.
PubMed: Aroma compounds of fresh milk from New Zealand cows fed different diets.
PubMed: The homolytic and heterolytic fatty acid hydroperoxide lyase-like activities of hematin.
PubMed: Gas chromatographic analysis of total fatty acids in cider.
PubMed: Effects of forage vs grain feeding on carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and beef quality in Limousin-cross steers when time on feed is controlled.
PubMed: Developmental and growth temperature regulation of two different microsomal omega-6 desaturase genes in soybeans.
PubMed: Effects of dietary alpha-linolenic acid and strain of hen on the fatty acid composition, storage stability, and flavor characteristics of chicken eggs.
PubMed: Effects of ground flaxseed in swine diets on pig performance and on physical and sensory characteristics and omega-3 fatty acid content of pork: II. Duration of 15% dietary flaxseed.
PubMed: Incorporation of different types of n-3 fatty acids into tissue lipids of poultry.
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