EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

palmitic acid
hexadecanoic acid

Supplier Sponsors

Name:hexadecanoic acid
CAS Number: 57-10-3Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:200-312-9
FDA UNII:2V16EO95H1
Nikkaji Web:J1.378A
Beilstein Number:0607489
MDL:MFCD00002747
CoE Number:14
XlogP3:6.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:256.42944000
Formula:C16 H32 O2
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains:stearic acid 8.00% to 11.00%
 myristic acid 5.00% to 7.00%
 heptadecanoic acid 3.00% to 5.00%
 pentadecanoic acid 0.00% to 1.00%
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
At least 80%; secondary components 8-11% octadecanoic acid; 5-7% tetradecanoic acid; 3-5% heptadecanoic acid;<1% pentadecanoic acid. (JECFA)
Category:thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:115 palmitic acid
FLAVIS Number:08.014 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:08.014 hexadecanoic acid
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials:hexadecanoic acid
FEMA Number:2832 palmitic acid
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):57-10-3 ; PALMITIC ACID
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart C--Coatings, Films and Related Substances
Sec. 172.210 Coatings on fresh citrus fruit.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.860 Fatty acids.


FDA PART 173 -- SECONDARY DIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED IN FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart D--Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 173.340 Defoaming agents.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white to pale yellow crystalline solid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00
Water Content:<0.20%
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Melting Point: 61.00 to 64.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 204.00 to 220.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point:53.30 to 62.00 °C.
Saponification Value:205.00 to 221.00
Unsaponifiable Matter:<1.50%
Vapor Pressure:10.000000 mmHg @ 210.00 °C.
Flash Point: 238.00 °F. TCC ( 114.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 7.170
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 chloroform
 ether
 water, 0.04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: waxy
Odor Strength:low
Substantivity:400 hour(s) at 20.00 % in isopropyl palmitate
waxy fatty
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. slightly waxy fatty
Luebke, William tgsc, (1989)
Odor sample from: Sigma-Aldrich
waxy creamy
Odor Description:at 1.00 %. Low heavy waxy, with a creamy, candle waxy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Flavor Type: waxy
waxy creamy fatty soapy fatty lard tallow dairy
Taste Description: at 50.00 - 100.00 ppm. Waxy, creamy fatty, soapy with a crisco like fatty, lard and tallow like mouth feel and a dairy nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) ≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:A faint oily aroma
Can be used as a fatty note in various applications.
Taste Description:Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors.
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emollients
emulsifying agents
 
Suppliers:
Acme Synthetic Chemicals
Palmitic Acid 99%
Acme-Hardesty
Palmitic Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Intermediate, Emulsifier and more.
Advanced Biotech
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Odorless
Advanced Biotech
PALMITIC ACID SYNTHETIC
98% min.
Odor: Odorless
Alzo International
Dermofat 4920
Augustus Oils
Palmitic Acid
Services
Aurochemicals
PALMITIC ACID, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
PALMITIC ACID (HEXADECANOIC), Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL)
≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor: A faint oily aroma
Use: Can be used as a fatty note in various applications.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy
Dairy type flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Palmitic acid
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
PALMITIC ACID (NATURAL) >98%
ECSA Chemicals
Palmitic Acid
Company Profile
Excellentia International
Palmitic Acid (Hexadecanoic Acid) Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Palmitic Acid (GC) ≥90%
Fleurchem
palmitic acid natural
Kao Corporation
LUNAC P-70
C16:70%, C18:27%
Kao Corporation
LUNAC P-95
C16:96%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Natural fatty acids "LUNAC" refined products. Cosmetics and Pharmaceuticals use: Oil base for creams, lotions, lipsticks, powders, skin ointments, face cleaners, body shampoos, soaps etc,.
Lluch Essence
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
M&U International
Nat. Palmitic Acid
Mosselman
Palmitic Acid 90%
Mosselman
Palmitic Acid 98%
Oleo Solutions
Edenor C16-98 MY
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cosmetics and Personal Care, Cleaning and Detergents, Industrial, Pharmaceutical and Veterinary
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID FCC
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NATURAL
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 45 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 50 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FINE POWDER) 90 MESH
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID NF GRADE (FLAKE)
Penta International
PALMITIC ACID
Prodasynth
PALMITIC ACID, NATURAL
(> 98%)
Sigma-Aldrich
Palmitic acid, ≥95%, FCC, FG
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Palmitic acid, natural, 98%, FG
Odor: nearly odorless
Silver Fern Chemical
Palmitic Acid
Odor: characteristic
Use: Palmitic acid is mainly usedin the manufacture of metallic palmitates, soaps, cosmetics, lubricating oils, waterproofing release agents, and in food-grade additives.
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Palmitic Acid >97.0%(GC)(T)
Vigon International
Palmitic Acid Natural
WholeChem
Palmitic Acid
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36 - Irritating to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 10000 mg/kg
American Industrial Hygiene Association Journal. Vol. 37, Pg. 251, 1976.

intravenous-mouse LD50 57 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: CONVULSIONS OR EFFECT ON SEIZURE THRESHOLD
Acta Pharmacologica et Toxicologica. Vol. 18, Pg. 141, 1961.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: thickeners, gelling agents, stabalizers and emulsifiers
Recommendation for palmitic acid usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: --
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: -1.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: --
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 6, Revision 1 (FGE.06Rev1) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Re-evaluation of fatty acids (E 570) as a food additive
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov:search
Daily Med:search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):57-10-3
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :985
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:nwg
hexadecanoic acid
Chemidplus:0000057103
RTECS:57-10-3
 
References:
 hexadecanoic acid
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:57-10-3
Pubchem (cid):985
Pubchem (sid):134970698
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
FDA Indirect Additives used in Food Contact Substances:View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
Metabolomics Database:Search
UM BBD:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C00249
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB00220
FooDB:FDB019621
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB00785
Export Tariff Code:2915.70.0150
FDA Listing of Food Additive Status:View
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•grades: technical; 99.8%; fcc •"eutectic" grades are a mixture of 60 percent palmitic acid and 30 percent stearic acid; other grades containing 80, 92, and 97 percent palmitic acid are available.
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
animal
civet (natural)
FL/FR
buttery
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
butter cream fragrance
FR
citrus
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
coconut
coconut fragrance
FR
coconut specialty
FR
delta-2-
dodecenolactone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
creamy
creamy lactone
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
dairy
milk fragrance
FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
butter esters
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
decane nitrile
FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonenal
CS
delta-
octadecalactone
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
decanal / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
(±)-4-
ethyl octanal
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
jasmin concrete
FR
jasmin concrete morocco
FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
green
green
cognac oil
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
(Z)-
civet decenone
FL/FR
oily
amyl laurate
FL/FR
butter acids
FL/FR
soapy
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
tonka
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
tropical
delta-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
butyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl myristate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
woody
amber carbinol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
amyl laurate
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
delta-2-
dodecenolactone
FL/FR
(±)-4-
ethyl octanal
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
methyl myristate
FL/FR
methyl palmitate
FL/FR
delta-
octadecalactone
FL/FR
2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
acetyl nonyryl
FL/FR
animal
civet (natural)
FL/FR
bitter
(E,Z,Z)-2,4,7-
tridecatrienal
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
6-
amyl-alpha-pyrone
FL/FR
butter esters
FL/FR
creamy lactone
FL/FR
5(6)-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
delta-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
ethereal
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl laurate
FL/FR
butter acids
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
decadien-1-ol
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
delta-
juniper lactone
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
2,4-
octadien-1-ol
FL
(E)-2-
octenoic acid
FL
(Z)-
oleic acid
FL/FR
tetradecanal
FL/FR
2-
tridecanone
FL/FR
floral
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
jasmin absolute (from pommade)
FL/FR
orris rhizome concrete butter (iris pallida)
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
gamma-
dodecalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
fusel
green
cognac oil
FL/FR
green
(Z)-4-
hepten-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
(Z)-
civet decenone
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
octanoic acid
FL/FR
waxy
butyl laurate
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
2-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
decenal
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
decyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl myristate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
myristic acid
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRambrette oil replacer
FRbutter
FLcheese
FLchocolate cocoa
FRcream
FL/FRcroton eluteria bark
FLdairy
 emollients
 emulsifying agents
FLfat
FRmyrrh
FRpeanut
FRvetiver
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 almond seed
Search Trop Picture
 ambrette seed
Search Trop Picture
 ambrette seed concrete @ 19.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ambrette seed oil @ 1.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise seed
Search Trop Picture
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop Picture
 apple fruit
Search Trop Picture
 apple seed
Search Trop Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop Picture
 asparagus shoot
Search Trop Picture
 avocado fruit
Search Trop Picture
 baboonwood seed
Search Trop Picture
 banana fruit
Search Trop Picture
 banana plant
Search Trop Picture
 barley leaf
Search Trop Picture
 barley seed
Search Trop Picture
 basil seed
Search Trop Picture
 basswood wood
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bean adzuki bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean asparagus bean fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bean asparagus bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean banner bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean black bean fruit
Search Trop Picture
 bean black bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean black bean sprout
Search Trop Picture
 bean butter bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean fava bean seed
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 bean green bean seed
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 bean lima bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 bean mat bean seed
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 bean mung bean seed
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 bean mung bean sprout
Search Trop Picture
 bean winged bean leaf
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 bean winged bean seed
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 bean winged bean tuber
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 bean yam bean seed
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 beef cooked beef
Search PMC Picture
 beet root
Search Trop Picture
 betel leaf oil @ 0.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 black gram seed
Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 borage seed
Search Trop Picture
 brazil nut
Search Trop Picture
 broccoli asparagus broccoli leaf
Search Trop Picture
 brussel sprout leaf
Search Trop Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn bark
Search Trop Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn fruit
Search Trop Picture
 buckthorn sea buckthorn seed
Search Trop Picture
 buckwheat pollen
Search Trop Picture
 buckwheat seed
Search Trop Picture
 burdock fruit
Search Trop Picture
 burdock root
Search Trop Picture
 butternut seed
Search Trop Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cacao bean
Search Trop Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus root oil @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cantaloupe cotyledon
Search Trop Picture
 cantaloupe seed
Search Trop Picture
 caper flower
Search Trop Picture
 caper seed
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom seed
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 carob bean seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop Picture
 cascarilla
Search Trop Picture
 cashew nut
Search Trop Picture
 cassava root
Search Trop Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cayenne sap
Search Trop Picture
 cayenne seed
Search Trop Picture
 celery oil
Search Trop Picture
 celery plant
Search Trop Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.65%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cheese bleu cheese
Search PMC Picture
 cheese cheddar cheese
Search PMC Picture
 cherimoya fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cherimoya seed
Search Trop Picture
 cherry sour cherry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cherry sour cherry seed
Search Trop Picture
 cherry sweet cherry
Search Trop Picture
 chervil seed
Search Trop Picture
 chicken
Search PMC Picture
 chickpea seed
Search Trop Picture
 chicory leaf
Search Trop Picture
 chicory root
Search Trop Picture
 chicory seed
Search Trop Picture
 chive leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cichorium intybus l. root extract @ 5.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon seed
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 cistus oil @ 5.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coconut seed
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 coffee bean
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 coffee roasted coffee
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 coriander fruit
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 coriander seed oil
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 5.82%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 corn seed
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 corn silk
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 cotton plant
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 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 3.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cress garden cress leaf
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 cress garden cress seed
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 cucumber cotyledon
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 cucumber fruit
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 cucumber seed
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 currant black currant fruit
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 currant red currant fruit
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 dandelion pollen
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 dandelion root
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 date palm seed
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 dill plant
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 dill seed
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 eggplant fruit
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 elder black elder flower
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 elder black elder leaf
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 elder black elder seed
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 endive leaf
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 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 2.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 evening-primrose seed
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 evening-primrose seed oil
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 fennel absolute sweet @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed
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 fenugreek plant
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 fenugreek seed oil
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 fig fruit
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 fig leaf
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 fig seed
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 fish
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 flax seed
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 flax seed oil
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 garlic bulb
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 genet absolute @ 24.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root
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 ginkgo biloba fruit
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 ginkgo biloba leaf
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 ginkgo biloba pollen
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 ginkgo biloba seed
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 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) bark oil india @ 4.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) leaf oil india @ 28.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 gooseberry fruit
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 gourd calabash gourd fruit
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 gourd white gourd fruit
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 grape fruit
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 grape seed
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 grape seed oil
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 grapefruit oil california @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit
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 guava strawberry guava fruit
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 hazelnut nut
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 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 4.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 4.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jasmin absolute china @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ketaki flower oil india @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 kohlrabi stem
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 lamb
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 leek wild leek plant
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 lentil seed
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 lentil sprout
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 lettuce leaf
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 lime fruit
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 loquat seed
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 lotus indian lotus rhizome
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 lotus indian lotus seed
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 lovage root
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 luffa fruit
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 luffa seed
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 lupin white lupin seed
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 lupine white lupine seed
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 macadamia nut
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 mallow jew's mallow leaf
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 mallow jew's mallow seed
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin seed oil
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 mango fruit
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 marango seed
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 marjoram wild marjoram plant
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 melissa oil slovak republic @ 1.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 melon bitter melon cotyledon
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 melon bitter melon fruit
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 melon bitter melon seed oil
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 moringa seed
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 mushroom shiitake mushroom fruit
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 mustard white mustard seed
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 mutton
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 myrrh
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 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 okra seed
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 olive fruit
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 onion bulb
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 onion seed
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 onion seed oil
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 orange fruit
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 oregano plant
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 osmanthus absolute @ 0.71%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 papaya flower
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 papaya fruit
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 papaya leaf
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 papaya seed
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 papaya seed oil
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf oil @ 0.37%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 parsley seed
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 parsley seed oil
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 parsnip root
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 parsnip seed
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 passion fruit seed
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 pea black-eyed pea seed
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 pea black-eyed pea shoot
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 pea fruit
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 pea pigeon pea seed
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 pea seed
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 peach fruit
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 peach seed
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 peanut roasted peanut
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 peanut seed
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 pear fruit
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 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 6.78%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper bell pepper seed
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper seed
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 peppermint leaf
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 persimmon american persimmon fruit
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 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 3.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pimenta
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 pine pinyon pine seed
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 pineapple fruit
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 pistachio nut
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 plum fruit
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 plum seed
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 pomegranate seed
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 poppy opium poppy latex
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 poppy opium poppy seed
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 poppy opium poppy seed oil
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 potato leaf
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 potato sweet potato root
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 potato tuber
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 pumpkin seed
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 purslane herb
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 radish root
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 rice seed
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 roselle seed
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 rosemary leaf
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 rue oil cuba @ 5.68%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rue seed oil
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 rugula seed
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 rye seed
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 safflower seed
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 saffron stigma
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 sage fruit oil
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 sage oil
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 savory summer savory seed
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 sesame seed
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 sesame seed oil
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 shea tree seed
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 shea tree seed oil
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 snake root root
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 sorrel west african sorrel leaf
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 sorrel west african sorrel seed
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 soybean seed
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 soybean sprout
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 spearmint leaf
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 spinach leaf
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 spinach plant
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 spinach sea spinach leaf
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 squash summer squash fruit
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 star fruit oil cuba @ 1.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 strawberry guava fruit
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 sunflower seed
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 tamarind fruit
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 tamarind seed oil
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 taro leaf
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 taro root
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 tea leaf
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 tea seed oil
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 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 22.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 5.98%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 0.4%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 thyme plant
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 tomato fruit
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-1.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 vetiver
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 walnut black walnut nut
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 walnut black walnut nut oil
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 walnut english walnut nut
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 watermelon cotyledon
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 watermelon seed
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 wheat plant
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 witch hazel leaf oil @ 1.62%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 yam mountain yam root
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.23%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 acide palmitique
 cetylic acid
 emersol 140
 glycon P-45
 hexadecanoic acid
 hexadecoic acid
 hexadecylic acid
 hystrene 8016
 hystrene 9016
 neo-fat 16
 palmitic acid (hexadecanoic), natural
 palmitic acid (natural)
 palmitic acid FCC
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 45 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 50 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (fine powder) 90 mesh
 palmitic acid N.F. grade (flake)
 palmitic acid natural
 palmitic acid synthetic
 palmitic acid, natural
1-pentadecane carboxylic acid
1-pentadecanecarboxylic acid
 prifrac 2960
 

Articles:

PubMed:Characteristic odorants from bailingu oyster mushroom (Pleurotus eryngii var. tuoliensis) and summer oyster mushroom (Pleurotus cystidiosus).
PubMed:Isolation of a novel alkaline-stable lipase from a metagenomic library and its specific application for milkfat flavor production.
PubMed:Milk volatile organic compounds and fatty acid profile in cows fed timothy as hay, pasture, or silage.
PubMed:Characterization of aroma-active compounds in dry flower of Malva sylvestris L. by GC-MS-O analysis and OAV calculations.
PubMed:Blood and tissue fatty acid compositions, lipoprotein levels, performance and meat flavor of broilers fed fish oil: changes in the pre- and post-withdrawal design.
PubMed:Volatile compounds with characteristic odour in moso-bamboo stems (Phyllostachys pubescens Mazel ex Houz. De ehaie).
PubMed:Chemical composition of French mimosa absolute oil.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed:Fatty acid effect on hydroxypropyl methylcellulose-beeswax edible film properties and postharvest quality of coated 'Ortanique' mandarins.
PubMed:[Rapid determination of volatile flavor compounds in soy sauce using head space solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Analysis of volatile compounds in fresh healthy and diseased peppers (Capsicum annuum L.) using solvent free solid injection coupled with gas chromatography-flame ionization detector and confirmation with mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Safety assessment of myristic acid as a food ingredient.
PubMed:Production of gamma-lactones by the brown-rot basidiomycete Piptoporus soloniensis.
PubMed:High-oleic and high-stearic cottonseed oils: nutritionally improved cooking oils developed using gene silencing.
PubMed:Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit.
PubMed:Volatile flavor constituents of acerola (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit.
PubMed:Gas chromatographic analysis of total fatty acids in cider.
PubMed:Breed effects on growth performance, carcass characteristics, fatty acid composition, and palatability attributes in finishing steers.
PubMed:Effect of ethanol in feed on milk flavor and chemical composition.
PubMed:Effects of frame size and time-on-feed on carcass characteristics, sensory attributes, and fatty acid profiles of steers.
 
Notes:
Cheese enhancer. a common saturated fatty acid found in fats and waxes including olive oil, palm oil, and body lipids. Occurs in the form of esters (glycerides) in oils and fats of vegetable and animal origin. Usually obt. from palm oil. Widely distributed in plants. Defoaming agent, lubricant and fruit coating constit. Palmitic acid is the first fatty acid produced during lipogenesis and from which longer fatty acids can be produced.; Palmitic acid, or hexadecanoic acid is one of the most common saturated fatty acids found in animals and plants. Isol. from Moringa oleifera (horseradish tree)
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