EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

ethyl palmitate
ethyl hexadecanoate

Supplier Sponsors

Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:ethyl hexadecanoate
CAS Number: 628-97-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:211-064-6
FDA UNII:IRD3M534ZM
Nikkaji Web:J46.819C
Beilstein Number:1782663
MDL:MFCD00008996
CoE Number:634
XlogP3-AA:7.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:284.48332000
Formula:C18 H36 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:39 ethyl hexadecanoate
FLAVIS Number:09.193 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:09.193 ethyl hexadecanoate
FEMA Number:2451 ethyl hexadecanoate
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):628-97-7 ; ETHYL PALMITATE
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:white solid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.85700 @ 25.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.44000 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: 24.00 to 26.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 192.00 to 193.00 °C. @ 10.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 303.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.000070 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:>1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 230.00 °F. TCC ( 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 7.918 (est)
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.00371 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Similar Items:note
isoamyl palmitate
butyl palmitate
isobutyl palmitate
carvyl palmitate
3-hexen-1-yl palmitate
methyl palmitate
pentyl palmitate
propyl palmitate
isopropyl palmitate
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: waxy
Odor Strength:low
waxy fruity creamy milky balsamic
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. mild waxy fruity creamy milky balsam
waxy fruity creamy milky balsamic
Odor Description:Waxy, fruity, creamy and milky with a balsamic nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 2, 69, (1997)
Flavor Type: waxy
waxy fruity creamy fermented vanilla balsamic
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Waxy, fruity, creamy and fermented with a vanilla, balsamic nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 22, No. 2, 69, (1997)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
ETHYL PALMITATE ≥99.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:soft, waxy
Used for a somewhat balsamic note in vanilla or other sweet fragrances.
Taste Description:Fatty, waxy
Great for dairy type flavors. Also can be used for a variety of distilled spirits including whiskey, brandy and wine.
Alfrebro
ETHYL PALMITATE NATURAL
Odor Description:Mild, Waxy
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emollients
perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ETHYL PALMITATE NATURAL
99% min.
Odor: mild waxy
Alfrebro
ETHYL PALMITATE NATURAL
Odor: Mild, Waxy
Augustus Oils
Ethyl Palmitate
Services
Aurochemicals
ETHYL PALMITATE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
ETHYL PALMITATE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
ETHYL PALMITATE
≥99.0%, Kosher
Odor: soft, waxy
Use: Used for a somewhat balsamic note in vanilla or other sweet fragrances.
Flavor: Fatty, waxy
Great for dairy type flavors. Also can be used for a variety of distilled spirits including whiskey, brandy and wine.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
ETHYL PALMITATE >98%
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Palmitate
Ernesto Ventós
ETHYL PALMITATE NATURAL
Odor: MILD, WAXY
Excellentia International
Ethyl Palmitate Natural
Fleurchem
ethyl palmitate natural
Indukern F&F
ETHYL PALMITATE
Odor: SMOOTH, WAX, FATTY
Inoue Perfumery
ETHYL PALMITATE
Jiangyin Healthway
Ethyl Palmitate
New functional food ingredients
Kingchem Laboratories
ETHYL PALMITATE
Odor: Very faint, waxy odor, extremely mild and sweet
Lluch Essence
ETHYL PALMITATE NATURAL
Lluch Essence
ETHYL PALMITATE
M&U International
NAT. ETHYL PALMITATE
Moellhausen
ETHYL PALMITATE
Natural Advantage
Ethyl Palmitate Nat
Flavor: creamy, fruity, sweet, waxy
Riverside Aromatics LTD.is the exclusive distributor for Europe in UK for any non-US based inquiries
Penta International
ETHYL PALMITATE, Kosher
Penta International
ETHYL PALMITATE, NATURAL, Kosher
Prodasynth
ETHYL PALMITATE, NATURAL
(> 96%)
Odor: MILD, WAXY
Prodasynth
ETHYL PALMITATE
(> 95%)
Odor: MILD, WAXY
Reincke & Fichtner
Ethyl Palmitate
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Palmitate ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl palmitate, ≥95%, FG
Odor: mild waxy
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Ethyl palmitate, natural (US), ≥95%, FG
Stearinerie Dubois
DUB PE P
Synerzine
Ethyl Palmitate
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Ethyl Palmitate >97.0%(GC)
Vigon International
Ethyl Palmitate Natural
WEN International
ETHYL PALMITATE Natural
WholeChem
Ethyl Palmitate
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for ethyl palmitate usage levels up to:
  15.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -20.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): --
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -20.00000
fruit ices: -30.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -40.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):628-97-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :12366
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
ethyl hexadecanoate
Chemidplus:0000628977
 
References:
 ethyl hexadecanoate
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:628-97-7
Pubchem (cid):12366
Pubchem (sid):134976036
Flavornet:628-97-7
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB29811
FooDB:FDB001022
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01349
Export Tariff Code:2915.70.0150
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
almond
bitter
almond oil replacer
FL/FR
balsamic
benzoin absolute replacer
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resin
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin dimer
FL/FR
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
apple butter fragrance
FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
cheesy
butyric acid
FL/FR
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
chemical
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
citrus
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
coconut
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
creamy
butyl lactate
FL/FR
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
creamy lactone
FL/FR
delta-
tridecalactone
FL/FR
para-
vanillic acid
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
decanoic acid
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
fermented
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
floral
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone lactone
FL/FR
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
octyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
allyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
bitter
almond oil
FL/FR
iso
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl lactate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
banana fragrance
FR
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
blackberry vanilla fragrance
FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl lactate
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
(R)-delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
green
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
delta-
hexalactone
FL/FR
milky
laevo-
glutamine
CS
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
powdery
alpha-
methyl ionone
FL/FR
soapy
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
spicy
egg nog fragrance
FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
tonka
octahydrocoumarin
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
vanillylidene acetone
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
dihydrocitronellyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
nonyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
woody
santalol
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
allyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl lactate
FL/FR
iso
butyl undecylenate
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
6-
decenoic acid
FL
dihydrocitronellyl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl butyryl lactate
FL
3-
hydroxy-4-phenyl-2-butanone
FL
methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
4-
methyl pentyl 4-methyl valerate
FL
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl decanoate
FL/FR
santalol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(R)-delta-
undecalactone
FL/FR
almond
almond
bitter
almond oil replacer
FL/FR
balsamic
benzoin absolute replacer
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resin
FL/FR
sumatra
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
vanillylidene acetone
FL/FR
berry
berries & cream flavor
FL
blueberry distillates
FL
bitter
glyceryl tributyrate
FL
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
buttery
apple butter flavor
FL
butyl laevo-lactate
FL/FR
cabbage
methyl 2-thiofuroate
FL
cheesy
methyl ketones
FL
iso
valeric acid
FL/FR
chemical
styralyl alcohol
FL/FR
chocolate
chocolate blueberry flavor
FL
citrus
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
coconut
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
octahydrocoumarin
FL/FR
creamy
acetyl butyryl
FL/FR
acetyl isobutyryl
FL/FR
butyl butyryl lactate
FL/FR
creamy lactone
FL/FR
delta-
hexalactone
FL/FR
jasmin pyranone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
delta-
nonalactone
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
triacetin
FL
delta-
tridecalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
undecalactone (aldehyde C-14 (so-called))
FL/FR
para-
vanillic acid
FL/FR
dairy
acetoin dimer
FL/FR
butyl lactate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-
dairy lactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
4-
methyl octanoic acid
FL/FR
2,4-
octadien-1-ol
FL
fermented
methyl thio isovalerate
FL
floral
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
fruity
acetyl isovaleryl
FL
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
bitter
almond oil
FL/FR
amaretto cream flavor
FL
iso
amyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
apple vanilla flavor
FL
apricot cream flavor
FL
banana berry flavor
FL
banana cream flavor
FL
banana custard flavor
FL
ripe
banana flavor
FL
banana flavor
FL
banana mango flavor
FL
banana peach flavor
FL
banana pineapple flavor
FL
banana split flavor
FL
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
berry banana flavor
FL
berry cream flavor
FL
blueberry cream flavor
FL
blueberry vanilla flavor
FL
citronellyl butyrate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl hexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl lactate
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl ionone
FL/FR
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
green
gelsone (IFF)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexenoic acid
FL
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
herbal
butyl levulinate
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
milky
gamma-
butyrolactone
FL/FR
musk
iso
ambrettolide
FL/FR
nutty
banana nut flavor
FL
powdery
powdery ketone
FL
soapy
decanoic acid
FL/FR
sour
butyric acid
FL/FR
spicy
para-
anisyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bali
FL/FR
vanilla
vanillyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone lactone
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl octanoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
furfuryl octanoate
FL
heptyl octanoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
nonyl acetate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl acetate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
propyl heptanoate
FL/FR
delta-
tetradecalactone
FL/FR
undecanoic acid
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbutter
FRcream
 emollients
FLfish
FLmilk
FRsaffron
FRvanilla
 waxy
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 ambrette seed oil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop Picture
 brandy grape brandy
Search PMC Picture
 bread rye bread
Search PMC Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 coconut
Search Trop Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 genet absolute @ 1.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) bark oil india @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) leaf oil india @ 6.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon balm
Search Trop Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 8.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mastic leaf oil @ 10.36%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mutton
Search PMC Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 3.36%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rice
Search Trop Picture
 rum
Search PMC Picture
 sage red sage
Search Trop Picture
 valerian root oil @ trace-0.6%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 vanilla
Search Picture
 whiskey bourbon whiskey
Search Picture
 wine
Search Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.16%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 ethyl cetylate
 ethyl hexadecanoate
 ethyl palmitate natural
 ethyl palmitate, natural
 ethylhexadecanoate
 hexadecanoic acid ethyl ester
 hexadecanoic acid, ethyl ester
 palmitic acid ethyl ester
 palmitic acid, ethyl ester
 

Articles:

PubMed:Quantification of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in meconium for detection of alcohol abuse during pregnancy: Correlation study between both biomarkers.
PubMed:Testing for ethanol markers in hair: Discrepancies after simultaneous quantification of ethyl glucuronide and fatty acid ethyl esters.
PubMed:[Study on the chemical constituents of Viscum ovalifolium].
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters in hair: correlation with self-reported ethanol intake in 160 subjects and influence of estroprogestin therapy.
PubMed:A SPME-GC/MS Procedure for the Determination of Fatty Acid Ethyl Esters in Hair for Confirmation of Abstinence Test Results.
PubMed:[Study on the constituents of essential oil of Shunaoxin dropping pills by GC-MS].
PubMed:Meconium fatty acid ethyl esters as biomarkers of late gestational ethanol exposure and indicator of ethanol-induced multi-organ injury in fetal sheep.
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters induce intestinal epithelial barrier dysfunction via a reactive oxygen species-dependent mechanism in a three-dimensional cell culture model.
PubMed:Effects of ethanol and long-chain ethyl ester concentrations on volatile partitioning in a whisky model system.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of roasted tigernut oil (Cyperus esculentus L.).
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory activity of methyl palmitate and ethyl palmitate in different experimental rat models.
PubMed:Effects of ethanol metabolites on exocytosis of pancreatic acinar cells in rats.
PubMed:[Screening and identifying of hepatoprotective compounds in paeoniae radix rubra].
PubMed:A new method for quantifying prenatal exposure to ethanol by microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of meconium followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed:Saturated fatty acid and TLR signaling link β cell dysfunction and islet inflammation.
PubMed:[Phylogenetic diversity characteristics of soil bacteria producing nematode-attracting volatiles and identification of their active compounds].
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity studies on S. erianthum and S. macranthum essential oils.
PubMed:Enzymatic synthesis of fatty acid ethyl esters by utilizing camellia oil soapstocks and diethyl carbonate.
PubMed:De novo biosynthesis of biodiesel by Escherichia coli in optimized fed-batch cultivation.
PubMed:Detection of fatty acid ethyl esters in skin surface lipids as biomarkers of ethanol consumption in alcoholics, social drinkers, light drinkers, and teetotalers using a methodology based on microwave-assisted extraction followed by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Determination of fatty acid ethyl esters in hair by GC-MS and application in a population of cocaine users.
PubMed:An improved method for rapidly quantifying fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium suitable for prenatal alcohol screening.
PubMed:Quantitation of fatty acid ethyl esters in human meconium by an improved liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Determination of eight fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium samples by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Domain growth, pattern formation, and morphology transitions in Langmuir monolayers. A new growth instability.
PubMed:Quantification of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in meconium from newborns for detection of alcohol abuse in a maternal health evaluation study.
PubMed:Chemical composition of French mimosa absolute oil.
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl ester concentrations in hair and self-reported alcohol consumption in 644 cases from different origin.
PubMed:In vitro study of antibacterial activity on multi-resistant bacteria and chemical composition of the chloroform extract of endemic Centaurea drabifolia subsp. cappadocica.
PubMed:Enrichment of amaranth oil with ethyl palmitate at the sn-2 position by chemical and enzymatic synthesis.
PubMed:Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry for fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium: assessment of prenatal exposure to alcohol in two European cohorts.
PubMed:[Immobilized lipase catalyzed synthesis of vitamin A plamitate].
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium are associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes to two years of age.
PubMed:Determination of fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEE) and ethyl glucuronide (EtG) in hair: a promising way for retrospective detection of alcohol abuse during pregnancy?
PubMed:Prevalence of fetal ethanol exposure in a regional population-based sample by meconium analysis of fatty acid ethyl esters.
PubMed:Ethanol contamination leads to Fatty acid ethyl esters in hair samples.
PubMed:[Extraction and identification of volatile constituents in the flowers of Aglaia odorata Lour].
PubMed:Lipase-catalyzed regioselective synthesis of steryl (6'-O-acyl)glucosides.
PubMed:Controlling for serum albumin level improves the correlation between serum fatty acid ethyl esters and blood ethanol level.
PubMed:Microdiesel: Escherichia coli engineered for fuel production.
PubMed:Cyclic fatty acid monomer formation in domestic frying of frozen foods in sunflower oil and high oleic acid sunflower oil without oil replenishment.
PubMed:Pattern formation and morphology evolution in Langmuir monolayers.
PubMed:Rapid, accurate, and sensitive fatty acid ethyl ester determination by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:[Evaluation of the effects of glycosylation on in vivo survival of cold-storage human platelets by using rabbit model].
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters, nonoxidative ethanol metabolites, synthesis, uptake, and hydrolysis by human platelets.
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters: markers of alcohol abuse and alcoholism.
PubMed:Photodecomposition of retinyl palmitate in ethanol by UVA light-formation of photodecomposition products, reactive oxygen species, and lipid peroxides.
PubMed:Unusual pheromone chemistry in the navel orangeworm: novel sex attractants and a behavioral antagonist.
PubMed:Induction of apoptosis by fatty acid ethyl esters in HepG2 cells.
PubMed:Comparison of ethyl glucuronide and fatty acid ethyl ester concentrations in hair of alcoholics, social drinkers and teetotallers.
PubMed:Squalene in hair--a natural reference substance for the improved interpretation of fatty acid ethyl ester concentrations with respect to alcohol misuse.
PubMed:Wipe-test and patch-test for alcohol misuse based on the concentration ratio of fatty acid ethyl esters and squalene CFAEE/CSQ in skin surface lipids.
PubMed:Analysis of insecticidal Azadirachta indica A. Juss. fractions.
PubMed:A covalently linked recombinant albumin dimer is more rapidly cleared in vivo than are wild-type and mutant C34A albumin.
PubMed:Concentration of fatty acid ethyl esters in hair of alcoholics: comparison to other biological state markers and self reported-ethanol intake.
PubMed:Stearic acid stimulates FA ethyl ester synthesis in HepG2 cells exposed to ethanol.
PubMed:Electrophysiological responses of female and male Hypsipyla grandella (Zeller) to Swietenia macrophylla essential oils.
PubMed:Fatty Acid ethyl esters in scalp, pubic, axillary, beard and body hair as markers for alcohol misuse.
PubMed:Effect of hair care and hair cosmetics on the concentrations of fatty acid ethyl esters in hair as markers of chronically elevated alcohol consumption.
PubMed:Neonatal hair analysis as a biomarker for in utero alcohol exposure.
PubMed:A rabbit model for monitoring in vivo viability of human platelet concentrates using flow cytometry.
PubMed:Negative effective surface viscosities in insoluble fatty acid monolayers: effect of phase transitions on dilational viscoelasticity.
PubMed:Assessment of omega-fatty-acid-supplemented human platelets for potential improvement in long-term storage.
PubMed:Fatty acid ethyl esters in hair as markers of alcohol consumption. Segmental hair analysis of alcoholics, social drinkers, and teetotalers.
PubMed:Identification of chemical components of corn kernel pericarp wax associated with resistance to Aspergillus flavus infection and aflatoxin production.
PubMed:Analysis of fatty acid ethyl esters in hair as possible markers of chronically elevated alcohol consumption by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS).
PubMed:Interactions and reactions of monolayers and Langmuir-Blodgett multilayers with compounds in the bulk phase.
PubMed:Differences in the fatty acid composition of fatty acid ethyl esters in organs and their secretions.
PubMed:A kinetic study of the synthesis of ascorbate fatty acid esters catalysed by immobilized lipase in organic media.
PubMed:New phenylethanoids from Buddleja cordata subsp. cordata.
PubMed:Independent synthesis of aminophospholipid-linked maillard products.
PubMed:Are there possibilities for the detection of chronically elevated alcohol consumption by hair analysis? A report about the state of investigation.
PubMed:Reduction of blood loss by infusion of human platelets in a rabbit kidney injury model.
PubMed:Role of macrophages in experimental malaria: V--Effect of ethyl palmitate on macrophages in Plasmodium berghei infected mice.
PubMed:Formation of fatty acid ethyl esters in rat liver microsomes. Evidence for a key role for acyl-CoA: ethanol O-acyltransferase.
PubMed:Survival of fresh human platelets in a rabbit model as traced by flow cytometry.
PubMed:[Preventive effects of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) on cholesterol gallstone formation in hamsters].
PubMed:The drinker's pancreas: molecular mechanisms emerge.
PubMed:Pancreatic injury in rats induced by fatty acid ethyl ester, a nonoxidative metabolite of alcohol.
PubMed:The distribution of fatty acid ethyl esters among lipoproteins and albumin in human serum.
PubMed:Ethyl palmitate and ethyl oleate are the predominant fatty acid ethyl esters in the blood after ethanol ingestion and their synthesis is differentially influenced by the extracellular concentrations of their corresponding fatty acids.
PubMed:Oviposition response ofLobesia botrana females to long-chain free fatty acids and esters from its eggs.
PubMed:Low-density lipoprotein reconstituted with fatty acid ethyl esters as a physiological vehicle for ethyl ester delivery to intact cells.
PubMed:Interaction of alpha-tocopherol with copper and its effect on lipid peroxidation.
PubMed:Utilization of high-performance liquid chromatography as an enrichment step for the determination of cyclic fatty acid monomers in heated fats and biological samples.
PubMed:Assessment of the hemostatic effectiveness of human platelets treated with aminomethyltrimethyl psoralen and UV A light using a rabbit ear bleeding time technique.
PubMed:Semiochemical basis of infestation of honey bee brood byVarroa jacobsoni.
PubMed:Mandibular gland secretions of the male beewolvesPhilanthus crabroniformis, P. barbatus, andP. pulcher (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae).
PubMed:The metabolism of ethyl esters of fatty acids in adipose tissue of rats chronically exposed to ethanol.
PubMed:Ethanol-induced fatty acid ethyl ester formation in vivo and in vitro in rat lung.
PubMed:[GC-MS analysis of essential oil from flowers of Lonicera japonica Thunb].
PubMed:Stimulation of phagocytic activity of leukocytes and macrophages by traxanox sodium in mice and rats.
PubMed:Proteins, nucleic acids and lipids of rat liver and spleen after experimental "chemical splenectomy" induced by intravenous injection of an ethyl palmitate emulsion.
PubMed:Effect of a perfluorocarbon emulsion (Fluosol-DA) on reticuloendothelial system clearance function.
PubMed:Experimental elimination of the splenic function by ethyl and methyl palmitate and significance of these substances from an immunological point of view.
PubMed:Erythrocyte survival and haematocrit values in rats after i.v. application of ethyl palmitate and methyl palmitate emulsions.
PubMed:Experimental elimination of the splenic function by an intravenous injection of ethyl palmitate emulsion in Wistar rats.
PubMed:The dual role of macrophages in the sporozoite-induced malaria infection. A hypothesis.
PubMed:The effect of intravenous injection of ethyl palmitate emulsion on sequestration of thermally damaged erythrocytes in rats with experimentally induced hypersplenism, and in normal rats.
PubMed:Survival of human 51Cr erythrocytes in guinea-pigs.
PubMed:Comparison of stationary phases in reversed-phase TLC for correlation between structure and biological response of probiotics.
PubMed:Incorporation of [14C]-L-leucine in splenic and hepatic tissue of rats "chemically splenectomized" by ethyl palmitate.
PubMed:'Chemical' splenectomy and the number of haematopoietic stem cells.
PubMed:Effects of ascorbic acid on glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase-deficient erythrocytes: studies in an animal model.
PubMed:The inhibitory effect of methyl palmitate on heteroagglutinin formation in rats.
PubMed:Oxygen-dependent circulation of sickle erythrocytes.
PubMed:Effects of an i. v. injection of ethyl palmitate emulsion on nucleic acids and fat content of the liver.
PubMed:Correction of the permeability defect in hereditary stomatocytosis by dimethyl adipimidate.
PubMed:Gas-liquid chromatographic determination of beta-asarone in wines and flavors.
PubMed:Autoantibody formation against spleen in rats 'chemically splenectomized' by ethyl palmitate.
PubMed:The formation of heteroagglutinins in rats "chemically" splenectomized by ethyl palmitate, in comparison to animals surgically splenectomized.
PubMed:Histological effects of lipids on the liver and spleen of mice.
PubMed:Effects of simple lipids on macrophages in vitro.
PubMed:Ethyl palmitate-induced "experimental splenectomy" in wistar rats.
PubMed:Mechanism of ethyl palmitate and cobra venom factor enhancement of heterologous erythrocyte survival.
PubMed:Studies on liver blood flow and phagocytic activity of reticuloendothelial system in dogs treated with ethyl palmitate.
PubMed:The effect of ethyl palmitate on the liver blood flow and phagocytic activity of RES in dogs.
PubMed:Studies on the effect of ethyl palmitate on the inhibition of erythrophagocytosis in dogs.
PubMed:Ethyl palmitate-induced bartonellosis as an index of functional splenic ablation.
PubMed:Radiological visualization of ethyl palmitate induced splenic atrophy.
PubMed:Study of the mechanism of ethyl palmitate-induced splenic destruction.
PubMed:The effects of a cobra venom factor and ethyl palmitate on the prolongation of survival of heterologous erythrocytes.
PubMed:Ethyl palmitate-induced splenic destruction.
PubMed:[Protective effect of ethyl palmitate in roentgen-irradiated mice].
 
Notes:
Present in various fruits, e.g. apricot, sour cherry, grapefruit, bilberry, guava fruit, melon, pineapple, Chinese quince, ceriman (Monstera deliciosa) etc. Also present in crispbread, clary sage, blackcurrant buds, wines, rice bran, plum brandy, fruit brandy, Bourbon vanilla, beans and salted/pickled plums
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