(E)-beta-farnesene
trans-b-farnesene
 
Notes:
None found
  • Bedoukian Research
    • Bedoukian Research, Inc.
      Constantly Improving
      Working closely with our customers to meet their requirements.
      Paul Bedoukian founded the company to fill a niche as a supplier of high quality specialty aroma and flavor ingredients. In 1975 the company began manufacturing insect pheromones which are chemically similar to flavor and fragrance ingredients. Today, Bedoukian Research offers more than 450 Aroma Chemicals and 50 Insect Pheromones, while also providing custom manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical, agrochemical, and specialty chemical industries.
      US Email: Customer Service
      US Voice: 1-203-830-4000
      US Fax: 1-203-830-4010
      News
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      P3500-90 (E)-beta-FARNESENE
      SDS
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      06-00205 trans-beta-FARNESENE
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidenedodeca-1,6,10-triene (Click)
CAS Number: 18794-84-8Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 242-582-0
FDA UNII: E5STW643HU
Nikkaji Web: J10.900B
Beilstein Number: 1721510
MDL: MFCD00065433
CoE Number: 10999
XlogP3-AA: 6.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 204.35628000
Formula: C15 H24
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
IBM Patents: Obtain
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Flavis Number: 01.041 (Old)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 96.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.82300 to 0.83400 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.848 to  6.940
Refractive Index: 1.48400 to 1.49400 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 206.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.010000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: >1 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 230.00 °F. TCC ( 110.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.139 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.009022 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength: medium
 woody  citrus  sweet  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
woody citrus sweet
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Bedoukian Research
(E)-beta-FARNESENE
Odor: citrus, herbaceous
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
beta-Farnesene
Parchem
(E)-beta-farnesene
Penta International
trans-beta-FARNESENE
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
trans-β-Farnesene ≥90%
Sigma-Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
trans-beta-Farnesene BioChemika, ≥90% (GC)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for (E)-beta-farnesene usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 18794-84-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 5281517
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 3
 (6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
Chemidplus: 0018794848
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 18794-84-8
Pubchem (cid): 5281517
Pubchem (sid): 135044356
Flavornet: 18794-84-8
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09666
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): Search
Export Tariff Code: 2901.29.6000
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
balsamic
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
citrus
(S)-(-)-citronellalFL/FR
alpha-methylene citronellalFR
 neroli ketoneFR
 tetrahydromyrcenyl acetateFR
floral
 bigarade oxideFR
 karo karounde absoluteFR
 linaloolFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 apple ketalFL/FR
 green acetateFR
green
 bergoxaneFR
 bicyclogermacrene 
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
 fresh nitrileFR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
(E)-2-hexen-1-yl salicylateFR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 acorus calamus rhizome oilFR
 bornyl salicylateFR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
 nonisyl formateFR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 petitgrain heptaneFR
 saffron pyranoneFR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
minty
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
orris
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
spicy
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
2-octanolFL/FR
waxy
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
woody
beta-cadinene 
beta-eudesmol 
alpha-thujene 
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 apple ketalFL/FR
 betula pubescens bud oilFL/FR
 bicyclogermacrene 
beta-cadinene 
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
(S)-(-)-citronellalFL/FR
 decanal dimethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-elemolFL/FR
beta-eudesmol 
isoeugenyl formateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,5-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
3,6-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 octanal propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
2-octanolFL/FR
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
balsamic
 spruce needle absoluteFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
citrus
 cilantro leaf oilFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
cooling
 jambu oleoresinFL/FR
floral
 orange leaf absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 valerian rhizome absoluteFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oilFL/FR
 valerian rhizome oil CO2 extract chinaFL/FR
green
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
 galbanum oleoresinFL/FR
 galbanum resinoidFL/FR
para-methyl hydratropaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-6-nonenalFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
beta-ocimeneFL/FR
3-octyl acetateFL/FR
 terpinyl propionateFL/FR
herbal
isodihydrolavandulalFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
 citrusFR
 herbalFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 alpinia galanga oil @ 18.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ambrette seed oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet egypt @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.009%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.009%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.022%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil @ 1.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot leaf oil @ 2.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.43%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.04-0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedarwood oil china @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedrela wood oil @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile flower oil germany @ 2.92%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 chamomilla recutita (l.) rauschert
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 costmary oil @ 0.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 2.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 0.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract @ 14.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guaiacwood oil @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil @ 10.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 1.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 1.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin water (lavandula hydrida) @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 0.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender spike water @ 0.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender water bulgaria @ 1.92%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ trace-0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mentha longifolia (l.) huds. oil jordan @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta racemosa lam. oil iran @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.006%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.010%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.013%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.026%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 2.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bigarade oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 0.17%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 1.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.37-0.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 snake root oil canada @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.91%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.96%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.84-3.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 9.59%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil cuba @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 1.21-1.96%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 1.41-3.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene dodeca-1,6,10-triene
(6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
trans-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-1,6,10-dodecatriene
(6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
(E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
(6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidene dodeca-1,6,10-triene
(6E)-7,11-dimethyl-3-methylidenedodeca-1,6,10-triene
1,6,10-dodecatriene, 7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-, (6E)-
1,6,10-dodecatriene, 7,11-dimethyl-3-methylene-, (E)-
(E)-b-farnesene
trans-b-farnesene
trans-beta-farnesene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
US Patents: Use of isomeric mixtures of farnesene for augmenting or enhancing the aroma of detergent compositions
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Plectranthus mollis (Lamiaceae) from Western Ghats Region, Karnataka, India.
PubMed: Essential-oil composition of the needles collected from natural populations of Macedonian pine (Pinus peuce Griseb.) from the Scardo-Pindic mountain system.
PubMed: Narrow tuning of an odorant receptor to plant volatiles in Spodoptera exigua (Hübner).
PubMed: Intraspecific variability of the essential oil of Cladanthus mixtus from Morocco.
PubMed: Expression pattern analysis of odorant-binding proteins in the pea aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum.
PubMed: Characterization of secondary metabolites, biological activity and glandular trichomes of Stachys tymphaea Hausskn. from the Monti Sibillini National Park (Central Apennines, Italy).
PubMed: Development and assessment of plant-based synthetic odor baits for surveillance and control of malaria vectors.
PubMed: Is differential use of Juniperus monosperma by small ruminants driven by terpenoid concentration?
PubMed: Reprogramming the chemodiversity of terpenoid cyclization by remolding the active site contour of epi-isozizaene synthase.
PubMed: Chemical and biological evaluation of Hypericum maculatum Crantz essential oil.
PubMed: Juglans regia and J. nigra, two trees important in traditional medicine: A comparison of leaf essential oil compositions and biological activities.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Erechtites valerianaefolia from Mérida, Venezuela.
PubMed: Influence of water deficit on the molecular responses of Pinus contorta x Pinus banksiana mature trees to infection by the mountain pine beetle fungal associate, Grosmannia clavigera.
PubMed: Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed: Real-time monitoring of (E)-β-farnesene emission in colonies of the pea aphid, Acyrthosiphon pisum, under lacewing and ladybird predation.
PubMed: Chemical composition and biological activity of Conyza bonariensis essential oil collected in Mérida, Venezuela.
PubMed: Priming of Production in Maize of Volatile Organic Defence Compounds by the Natural Plant Activator cis-Jasmone.
PubMed: Analyzing blends of herbivore-induced volatile organic compounds with factor analysis: revisiting "cotton plant, Gossypium hirsutum L., defense in response to nitrogen fertilization".
PubMed: Modulation of aphid alarm pheromone emission of pea aphid prey by predators.
PubMed: Chemical composition and anticancer, antiinflammatory, antioxidant and antimalarial activities of leaves essential oil of Cedrelopsis grevei.
PubMed: An attempt to increase efficacy of moth mating disruption by co-releasing pheromones with kairomones and to understand possible underlying mechanisms of this technique.
PubMed: Probing the mechanism of 1,4-conjugate elimination reactions catalyzed by terpene synthases.
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone as a cue for ants to locate aphid partners.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed: Sesquiterpenes from the inner bark of the silver birch and the paper birch.
PubMed: Less is more: treatment with BTH and laminarin reduces herbivore-induced volatile emissions in maize but increases parasitoid attraction.
PubMed: Fast quality assessment of German chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla L.) by headspace solid-phase microextraction: influence of flower development stage.
PubMed: Parasitic wasp responses to symbiont-based defense in aphids.
PubMed: Metabolic engineering of plant-derived (E)-β-farnesene synthase genes for a novel type of aphid-resistant genetically modified crop plants.
PubMed: Plant volatiles enhance behavioral responses of grapevine moth males, Lobesia botrana to sex pheromone.
PubMed: Identification of volatiles from Pinus silvestris attractive for Monochamus galloprovincialis using a SPME-GC/MS platform.
PubMed: Fluorescence competition assay for the assessment of green leaf volatiles and trans-β-farnesene bound to three odorant-binding proteins in the wheat aphid Sitobion avenae (Fabricius).
PubMed: Comparative study on the antioxidant activities of the different extracts and the composition of the oil extracted by n-hexane from Iranian Vitex pseudo-negundo.
PubMed: Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of Tetropium fuscum (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae) to pheromone and spruce volatiles.
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone: an overview of current knowledge on biosynthesis and functions.
PubMed: Crystal structure of Sol I 2: a major allergen from fire ant venom.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil from the flowering aerial parts of Bupleurum hamiltonii Balak from Uttarakhand, India.
PubMed: Variability of essential oils of Betonica officinalis (Lamiaceae) from different wild populations in Kosovo.
PubMed: Dynamic evolution of herbivore-induced sesquiterpene biosynthesis in sorghum and related grass crops.
PubMed: (E)-β-farnesene synthase genes affect aphid (Myzus persicae) infestation in tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum).
PubMed: Essential oil of Nepeta x faassenii Bergmans ex Stearn (N. mussinii Spreng. x N. nepetella L.): a comparison study.
PubMed: Identification of essential oil components of Marrubium thessalum Boiss. & Heldr., growing wild in Greece.
PubMed: Optimisation of a semiochemical slow-release alginate formulation attractive towards Aphidius ervi Haliday parasitoids.
PubMed: The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed: [Microscopic anatomy and volatile secondary metabolites at three stages of development of the inflorescences of Lantana camara (Verbenaceae)].
PubMed: Variation in the volatile constituents of Artemisia annua var. CIM-Arogya during plant ontogeny.
PubMed: New analogues of (E)-β-farnesene with insecticidal activity and binding affinity to aphid odorant-binding proteins.
PubMed: Specific regulation of pyrethrin biosynthesis in Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium by a blend of volatiles emitted from artificially damaged conspecific plants.
PubMed: [Morphology, anatomy, ontogeny and chemical composition of inflorescences volatile secondary metabolites of Lippia alba (Verbenaceae) at three stages of development].
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils from leaves, stems, flower heads and roots of Conyza bonariensis L. from Tunisia.
PubMed: Cereal crop volatile organic compound induction after mechanical injury, beetle herbivory (Oulema spp.), or fungal infection (Fusarium spp.).
PubMed: Behavioral responses of the leafhopper, Cicadulina storeyi China, a major vector of maize streak virus, to volatile cues from intact and leafhopper-damaged maize.
PubMed: [Analysis of the chemical constituents of volatile oil from Asarum insigne by GC-MS].
PubMed: Constitutive emission of the aphid alarm pheromone, (E)-β-farnesene, from plants does not serve as a direct defense against aphids.
PubMed: Volatile oil profiles of the aerial parts of Jordanian garland, Chrysanthemum coronarium.
PubMed: Aphid reproductive investment in response to mortality risks.
PubMed: Validation of a fast gas chromatographic method for the study of semiochemical slow release formulations.
PubMed: Alarm pheromone habituation in Myzus persicae has fitness consequences and causes extensive gene expression changes.
PubMed: Aphid wing induction and ecological costs of alarm pheromone emission under field conditions.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from flowers of Senecio othonnae, s. racemosus, and s. nemorensis.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils of six Anthemis taxa from Serbia and Montenegro.
PubMed: Extraction, separation and isolation of volatiles from Vitex agnus-castus L. (Verbenaceae) wild species of Sardinia, Italy, by supercritical CO2.
PubMed: Species-specific responses of pine sesquiterpene synthases to sawfly oviposition.
PubMed: Composition of essential oil of aerial parts of Chamomilla suaveolens from Estonia.
PubMed: Content and composition of the essential oil of Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert from some European countries.
PubMed: Volatiles from a mite-infested spruce clone and their effects on pine weevil behavior.
PubMed: Between plant and diurnal variation in quantities and ratios of volatile compounds emitted by Vicia faba plants.
PubMed: Molecular and biochemical evolution of maize terpene synthase 10, an enzyme of indirect defense.
PubMed: Composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from leaf, stem and root of Chrysanthemum parthenium (L.) Bernh. from Iran.
PubMed: Identification of host attractants for the ethiopian fruit fly, Dacus ciliatus loew.
PubMed: Essential oil constituents of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. and Vernonia amygdalina Delile.
PubMed: Flowerhead volatile oil composition of soilless culture-grown Chrysanthemum balsamita L.
PubMed: Discrimination of alarm pheromone (E)-beta-farnesene by aphid odorant-binding proteins.
PubMed: What makes Episyrphus balteatus (Diptera: Syrphidae) oviposit on aphid infested tomato plants?
PubMed: Fast gas chromatography characterisation of purified semiochemicals from essential oils of Matricaria chamomilla L. (Asteraceae) and Nepeta cataria L. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from Ferula glauca L. (F. communis L. subsp. glauca) growing in Marche (central Italy).
PubMed: Pine weevil feeding on Norway spruce bark has a stronger impact on needle VOC emissions than enhanced ultraviolet-B radiation.
PubMed: Do aphid colonies amplify their emission of alarm pheromone?
PubMed: Emission of alarm pheromone in aphids: a non-contagious phenomenon.
PubMed: Cloning and characterisation of a prenyltransferase from the aphid Myzus persicae with potential involvement in alarm pheromone biosynthesis.
PubMed: Identification of volatile compounds used in host location by the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae.
PubMed: Two different farnesyl diphosphate synthase genes exist in the genome of the green peach aphid, Myzus persicae.
PubMed: Sex- and gonad-affecting scent compounds and 3 male pheromones in the rat.
PubMed: Synthesis of cordiaquinones B, C, J, and K on the basis of a bioinspired approach and the revision of the relative stereochemistry of cordiaquinone C.
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Artemisia essential oils.
PubMed: In situ volatile collection, analysis, and comparison of three Centaurea species and their relationship to biocontrol with herbivorous insects.
PubMed: Diurnal variation of walnut tree volatiles and electrophysiological responses in Cydia pomonella (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae).
PubMed: [Advances in sesquiterpene synthases cyclases of Artemisia annua].
PubMed: Aphid and plant volatiles induce oviposition in an aphidophagous hoverfly.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of Teucrium scordium L.
PubMed: Real-time analysis of alarm pheromone emission by the pea aphid (acyrthosiphon pisum) under predation.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile oil in herb of pimpinella candolleana by SPME-GC-MS].
PubMed: Electrophysiological and behavioral responses of the multicolored Asian lady beetle, Harmonia axyridis pallas, to sesquiterpene semiochemicals.
PubMed: Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed: Putative chemical signals about sex, individuality, and genetic background in the preputial gland and urine of the house mouse (Mus musculus).
PubMed: Synergism and redundancy in a plant volatile blend attracting grapevine moth females.
PubMed: Female-biased attraction of Oriental fruit fly, bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel), to a blend of host fruit volatiles from Terminalia catappa L.
PubMed: Effect of synthetic aphid alarm pheromone (E) -beta-farnesene on development and reproduction of Aphis gossypii (Homoptera: Aphididae).
PubMed: From terpenoids to aliphatic acids: further evidence for late-instar switch in osmeterial defense as a characteristic trait of swallowtail butterflies in the tribe papilionini.
PubMed: An evaluation of the allelopathic potential of selected perennial groundcovers: foliar volatiles of catmint (Nepeta x faassenii) inhibit seedling growth.
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone produced by transgenic plants affects aphid and parasitoid behavior.
PubMed: Insect pheromones and precursors in female African elephant urine.
PubMed: Essential host plant cues in the grapevine moth.
PubMed: The products of a single maize sesquiterpene synthase form a volatile defense signal that attracts natural enemies of maize herbivores.
PubMed: Emission of herbivore-induced volatiles in absence of a herbivore--response of Zea mays to green leaf volatiles and terpenoids.
PubMed: Crystal structure at 1.1 Angstroms resolution of an insect myrosinase from Brevicoryne brassicae shows its close relationship to beta-glucosidases.
PubMed: Antibacterial and antioxidant activity and essential oil composition of Grammosciadium scabridum Boiss. from Iran.
PubMed: Volatile allelochemicals in the Ageratum conyzoides intercropped citrus orchard and their effects on mites Amblyseius newsami and Panonychus citri.
PubMed: Cloning and functional characterisation of a cis-muuroladiene synthase from black peppermint (Menthaxpiperita) and direct evidence for a chemotype unable to synthesise farnesene.
PubMed: Response of economically important aphids to components of Hemizygia petiolata essential oil.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia lavandulaefolia.
PubMed: Characterization of four terpene synthase cDNAs from methyl jasmonate-induced Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii.
PubMed: Expression, purification and characterization of recombinant (E)-beta-farnesene synthase from Artemisia annua.
PubMed: Systemic induction of volatile release in cotton: how specific is the signal to herbivory?
PubMed: Analysis of leaf surface sesquiterpenes in potato varieties.
PubMed: The significance of background odour for an egg parasitoid to detect plants with host eggs.
PubMed: Screening for key odorants in Moroccan green olives by gas chromatography-olfactometry/aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Reduced response of insecticide-resistant aphids and attraction of parasitoids to aphid alarm pheromone; a potential fitness trade-off.
PubMed: The piercing-sucking herbivores Lygus hesperus and Nezara viridula induce volatile emissions in plants.
PubMed: Effect of magnesium on essential oil formation of genetically transformed and non-transformed chamomile cultures.
PubMed: Electroantennogram responses of the three migratory forms of the damson-hop aphid, Phorodon humuli, to aphid pheromones and plant volatiles.
PubMed: A cost of alarm pheromone production in cotton aphids, Aphis gossypii.
PubMed: The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of maize (Zea mays) form five groups with distinct developmental and organ-specific distributions.
PubMed: Olfactory responses to aphid and host plant volatile releases: (E)-beta-farnesene an effective kairomone for the predator Adalia bipunctata.
PubMed: Electrophysiological characterisation of olfactory sensilla in the black bean aphid, Aphis fabae.
PubMed: Host plant volatiles synergize response to sex pheromone in codling moth, Cydia pomonella.
PubMed: Comparative analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oils from bark and leaves of Cedrelopsis grevei Baill, an aromatic and medicinal plant from Madagascar.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene metabolites of the antarctic gorgonian Dasystenella acanthina.
PubMed: Volatiles released from cotton plants in response to Helicoverpa zea feeding damage on cotton flower buds.
PubMed: Identification of pheromones in mouse urine by head-space solid phase microextraction followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed: Induction of volatile terpene biosynthesis and diurnal emission by methyl jasmonate in foliage of Norway spruce.
PubMed: Chemical analysis of volatiles emitted by Pinus svlvestris after induction by insect oviposition.
PubMed: Changes of the volatile profile and artifact formation in Daidai (Citrus aurantium) cold-pressed peel oil on storage.
PubMed: Evidence for differential folding of farnesyl pyrophosphate in the active site of aristolochene synthase: a single-point mutation converts aristolochene synthase into an (E)-beta-farnesene synthase.
PubMed: Interspecific variation in terpenoid composition of defensive secretions of European Reticulitermes termites.
PubMed: Differences in the fragrances of pollen, leaves, and floral parts of garland (Chrysanthemum coronarium) and composition of the essential oils from flowerheads and leaves.
PubMed: New terpene hydrocarbons from the alligatoridae (crocodylia, reptilia).
PubMed: The maize gene terpene synthase 1 encodes a sesquiterpene synthase catalyzing the formation of (E)-beta-farnesene, (E)-nerolidol, and (E,E)-farnesol after herbivore damage.
PubMed: Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed: Learning of herbivore-induced and nonspecific plant volatiles by a parasitoid, Cotesia kariyai.
PubMed: The influence of intact-plant and excised-leaf bioassay designs on volicitin- and jasmonic acid-induced sesquiterpene volatile release in Zea mays.
PubMed: Spatial organization of the glucosinolate-myrosinase system in brassica specialist aphids is similar to that of the host plant.
PubMed: Molecular cloning, functional expression and characterization of (E)-beta farnesene synthase from Citrus junos.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of essential oil from roots and rhizomes of Valeriana alernifolia Bunge].
PubMed: Plant odor analysis of apple: antennal response of codling moth females to apple volatiles during phenological development.
PubMed: Comparison of cultivars of ornamental crop Gerbera jamesonii on production of spider mite-induced volatiles, and their attractiveness to the predator Phytoseiulus persimilis.
PubMed: Exogenous methyl jasmonate induces volatile emissions in cotton plants.
PubMed: Volatiles from apple (Malus domestica) eliciting antennal responses in female codling moth Cydia pomonella (L.) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae): effect of plant injury and sampling technique.
PubMed: The cyclization of farnesyl diphosphate and nerolidyl diphosphate by a purified recombinant delta-cadinene synthase.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (Hyuganatsu).
PubMed: Molecular cloning, expression, and characterization of amorpha-4,11-diene synthase, a key enzyme of artemisinin biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L.
PubMed: Volatile chemicals identified in extracts from leaves of Japanese mugwort (Artemisia princeps pamp.).
PubMed: A study of the production of essential oils in chamomile hairy root cultures.
PubMed: Parameters influencing the yield and composition of the essential oil from Cretan Vitex agnus-castus fruits.
PubMed: Aphids, predators and parasitoids.
PubMed: Cloning, expression, and characterization of epi-cedrol synthase, a sesquiterpene cyclase from Artemisia annua L.
PubMed: Induction of estrus in grouped female mice (Mus domesticus) by synthetic analogues of preputial gland constituents.
PubMed: Effects of fungal infection on the alarm response of pea aphids
PubMed: Isolation and bacterial expression of a sesquiterpene synthase cDNA clone from peppermint (Mentha x piperita, L.) that produces the aphid alarm pheromone (E)-beta-farnesene.
PubMed: De Novo Biosynthesis of Volatiles Induced by Insect Herbivory in Cotton Plants.
PubMed: Variation in aphid alarm pheromone content among glandular and eglandular-hairedMedicago accessions.
PubMed: Volatile Semiochemicals Released from Undamaged Cotton Leaves (A Systemic Response of Living Plants to Caterpillar Damage).
PubMed: Diurnal cycle of emission of induced volatile terpenoids by herbivore-injured cotton plant.
PubMed: Trans-beta-farnesene as a feeding stimulant for the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae).
PubMed: Socio-sexual olfactory preference in female mice: attractiveness of synthetic chemosignals.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of allelochemicals that attract the larval parasitoid,Cotesia marginiventris (Cresson), to the microhabitat of one of its hosts.
PubMed: Chemistry of male dominance in the house mouse, Mus domesticus.
PubMed: Plant-derived synergists of alarm pheromone from turnip aphid,Lipaphis (Hyadaphis) erysimi (Homoptera, Aphididae).
PubMed: Constituents of osmeterial secretion of pre-final instar larvae of citrus swallowtail,Papilio demodocus (Esper) (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae).
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone derivatives affecting settling and transmission of plant viruses.
PubMed: Improved preparation of (E)-β-farnesene and its activity with economically important aphids.
PubMed: Larval osmeterial secretions of the swallowtails (Papilio).
PubMed: Aphid alarm pheromone: isolation, identification, synthesis.
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