EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

laevo-limonene
L-limonene

Sponsors

Name:(4S)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
CAS Number: 5989-54-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:227-815-6
FDA UNII:47MAJ1Y2NE
Nikkaji Web:J85.992C
Beilstein Number:2323991
MDL:MFCD00001558
CoE Number:491
XlogP3-AA:3.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
With respect to specific gravity it is noted that limonene and l-limonene are submitted by different applicants.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FLAVIS Number:01.046 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.046 L-limonene
FDA Mainterm: L-LIMONENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.84400 to 0.84800 @ 15.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.037 to 7.071
Refractive Index:1.47100 to 1.47500 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-118.0 to -108.0
Boiling Point: 176.00 to 177.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:1.541000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 127.00 °F. TCC ( 52.78 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.380
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 4.581 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: terpenic
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
terpenic pine herbal peppery
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. terpene pine herbal peppery
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
Flavor Type: terpenic
">terpenic cilantro green juniper berry
Taste Description: terpenic cilantro green juniper berry
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Indukern F&F
L-LIMONENE
Odor Description:POWERFUL, TERPENIC
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Anhui Haibei
L-Limonene natural
Odor: Sweet lemon pine herbal mint
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
L-Limonene
Arora Aromatics
L-limonene
Augustus Oils
L Limonene -70
Services
Berjé
L’Limonene 75°
Happening at Berje
Berjé
L’Limonene Natural
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
(-)-Limonene
CG Herbals
L-Limonene
Odor: Refreshing, Light Very Clean
Citrus and Allied Essences
laevo-Limonene (natural)
Market Report
ECSA Chemicals
Fellandrene - 65
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
LIMONENE-L 65
Ernesto Ventós
LIMONENE-L 70
Odor: CHARACTERISTIC, LEMON-LIKE
Excellentia International
Limonene; L-
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
S-(-)-Limonene (GC) ≥98% (sum of enantiomers)
Fleurchem
laevo-limonene natural
Fleurchem
laevo-limonene
Foreverest Resources
L-Limonene 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: L-Limonene is the optical isomer of Limonene, has lemon odor character. It mainly used in food flavour and synthetic fragrances.
Global Essence
L-Limonene
Indenta Group
L-Limonene
Indukern F&F
L-LIMONENE -80º
Odor: POWERFUL, FRESH, TERPENIC
Indukern F&F
L-LIMONENE
Odor: POWERFUL, TERPENIC
Lluch Essence
LIMONENE LAEVO
Mentha & Allied Products
L-Limonene 80%
Mentha & Allied Products
L-Limonene 90%
Mentha & Allied Products
L-Limonene 95%
Moellhausen
LIMONENE L-65
Odor: terpenic, fresh, herbaceous
Flavor: terpene
Moellhausen
LIMONENE L-70
Odor: terpenic, fresh, herbaceous.
Flavor: terpene.
Moellhausen
LIMONENE L-90
Nectar Lifesciences
Laevo-limonene
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
l-Limonene 92% up
Penta International
L-LIMONENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
L-LIMONENE
Reincke & Fichtner
L-Limonene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
L-Limonene
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
(S)-(-)-Limonene
Sigma-Aldrich
(S)-(-)-Limonene, ≥95%, FG
Odor: herbaceous; minty; camphoraceous
Certified Food Grade Products
Silverline Chemicals
laevo-Limonene
Takasago
l-Limonene - 80
Biobased 100%
Odor: Refreshing, light, very clean
Use: Widely used in perfumery and in citrus fragrances to give lift and freshness. Combines very well with any other citrus note such as bergamot, orange, lemon, mandarin, and grapefruit.
The Fragrance Museum
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
(-)-Limonene >95.0%(GC)
The John D. Walsh Company
L'Limonene -65
Treatt
l-Limonene
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi N - Irritant, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Chronic aquatic toxicity (Category 1), H410
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpgexclamation-mark.jpgenvironment.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H410 - Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P272 - Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P391 - Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 5000 mg/kg
Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA Other Specification: < 20 mmoles / liter peroxides
IFRA fragrance material specification:
 d-, l-and dl-Limonene and natural products containing substantial amounts of it, should only be used when the level of peroxides is kept to the lowest practical level, for instance by adding antioxidants at the time of production. Such products should have a peroxide value of less than 20 millimoles peroxides per liter, determined according to the FMA method, which can be downloaded from the IFRA website (see Analytical Methods).
IFRA: View Standard
Recommendation for laevo-limonene usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 2100.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 3.0000015.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 2.000005.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 5.0000010.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 1.000001.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 5.0000015.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 2.0000010.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 5.0000020.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 1.000005.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 1.000005.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): 1.000005.00000
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): 1.000005.00000
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 2.0000015.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 3.0000010.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 2.0000010.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 4.0000010.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 2.000005.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 2.000005.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Review of substances/agents that have direct beneficial effect on the environment: mode of action and assessment of efficacy
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):5989-54-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :439250
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WISER:UN 2319
WGK Germany:2
(4S)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
Chemidplus:0005989548
RTECS:OS8350000 for cas# 5989-54-8
 
References:
Leffingwell:Chirality or Article
 (4S)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:5989-54-8
Pubchem (cid):439250
Pubchem (sid):252080259
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Golm Metabolome Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06078
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB03375
FooDB:FDB013861
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Haz-Map:View
Household Products:Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
amber
angelica root oil
FL/FR
balsamic
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
nopol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
(Z)-
pinane
FR
camphoreous
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
citrus
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
earthy
(E+Z)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
hyacinth ether
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
green acetate
FR
green
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
herbal specialty
FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
melaleuca linariifolia oil
FR
nopyl acetate
FR
origanum oil terpenes
FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
marine
marine pyridine
FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
pine oil 85
FR
spicy
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
myrcene
FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
waxy
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
woody
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
tetrahydromugol
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
nopol
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
(E+Z)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
balsamic
balsamic
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir needle oil siberia
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
camphoreous
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
citrus
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
floral
citronellol
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl propionate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
ethyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl heptanoate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
carrot weed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
galbanum oil
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
2,4-
ivy carbaldehyde
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
eucalyptus globulus oil
FL/FR
rosemary oil spain
FL/FR
phenolic
methyl benzoate
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
spicy
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
thujonic
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil
FL/FR
sandalwood oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRapple green apple
FRbergamot
FL/FRcajeput
FRcitrus
FRcologne
FRevergreen
FRfir balsam
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRgreen grass
FRherbal
FRlavender
FRmandarin
FRmint
FRneroli
FRorange blossom
FRpeppermint
FRpine
FRpineapple
FRrain
FRspearmint
FL/FRturpentine
FRwormseed oil replacer
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 anise star anise
Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop Picture
 cajuput
Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 copal congo copal resin
Search PMC Picture
 cornmint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cotton plant
Search Trop Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop Picture
 horsemint
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper seed
Search Trop Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 pine needle oil
Search PMC Picture
 sage
Search Trop Picture
 spearmint
Search Trop Picture
 spearmint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Picture
 spearmint plant
Search Trop Picture
 tea tree oil australia @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 water mint leaf
Search Trop Picture
 wormseed american
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (4S)-
 cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)-, (S)-
(-)-limonene
(-)-(4S)-limonene
(-)-(S)-limonene
(4S)-limonene
(4S)-(-)-limonene
(S)-limonene
(S)-(-)-limonene
beta-limonene
L-limonene
L-limonene - 65
L-limonene - 80
laevo-limonene (natural)
laevo-limonene 75°
 limonene L-65
 limonene L-70
L-limonene natural
laevo-limonene natural
L-limonene, natural
(S)-(-)-p-mentha-1,8-diene
(S)-(-)-para-mentha-1,8-diene
(S)-p-mentha-1,8-diene
p-mentha-1,8-diene, (S)-(-)-
(4S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethenyl) cyclohexene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethenyl) cyclohexene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methyl vinyl) cyclohexene
(4S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)cyclohexene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylethenyl)cyclohexene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(1-methylvinyl)cyclohexene
(4S)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-1-ene
(4S)-1-methyl-4-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohexene
(4S)-1-methyl-4-isopropenylcyclohex-1-ene
(4S)-1-methyl-4-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohexene
(S)-4-isopropenyl-1-methyl cyclohexene
(4S)-4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene
(S)-(-)-4-isopropenyl-1-methylcyclohexene
 

Articles:

Info:Limonene
PubMed:Capturing of the monoterpene olefin limonene produced in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anti-inflammation activity of essential oils from Citrus unshiu flower.
PubMed:Differential mechanism of Escherichia coli Inactivation by (+)-limonene as a function of cell physiological state and drug's concentration.
PubMed:In vitro evaluation of dill seed essential oil antifungal activities to control Zymoseptoria tritici.
PubMed:Antioxidant and anticarcinogenic effects of methanolic extract and volatile oil of fennel seeds (Foeniculum vulgare).
PubMed:Acaricidal and quantitative structure activity relationship of monoterpenes against the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae.
PubMed:Larvicidal effects of the major essential oil of Pittosporum tobira against Aedes aegypti (L.).
PubMed:Odor detection and odor discrimination in subadult and adult rats for two enantiomeric odorants supported by c-fos data.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile components in Qingshanlvshui tea using solid-phase microextraction/accelerated solvent extraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Organosulfate formation in biogenic secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed:Occupational contact dermatitis to a limonene-based solvent in a histopathology technician.
PubMed:Effects of enantiomer and isomer permeation enhancers on transdermal delivery of ligustrazine hydrochloride.
PubMed:[Effects of D-limonene and L-limonene on transdermal absorption of ligustrazine hydrochloride].
PubMed:The synthesis of L-carvone and limonene derivatives with increased antiproliferative effect and activation of ERK pathway in prostate cancer cells.
PubMed:Influence of the addition of rosemary essential oil on the volatiles pattern of porcine frankfurters.
PubMed:Biocatalytic production of perillyl alcohol from limonene by using a novel Mycobacterium sp. cytochrome P450 alkane hydroxylase expressed in Pseudomonas putida.
PubMed:Fragrance allergy in patients with hand eczema - a clinical study.
PubMed:Monoterpene effect on feeding choice by deer.
PubMed:Molecular cloning, functional expression and characterization of d-limonene synthase from Agastache rugosa.
PubMed:In vitro studies on penetration of terpenes from matrix-type transdermal systems through human skin.
PubMed:Molecular cloning, functional expression and characterization of d-limonene synthase from Schizonepeta tenuifolia.
PubMed:Induction of protein droplet (alpha 2 mu-globulin) nephropathy in male rats after short-term dosage with 1,8-cineole and l-limonene.
 
Notes:
Constit. of pine needle oil. Also present in ginger, nutmeg, pepper, mace, coriander and other herbs and spices
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