EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

terpinolene
4-isopropylidene-1-methylcyclohexene

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexene
CAS Number: 586-62-9Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:209-578-0
FDA UNII:N9830X5KSL
Nikkaji Web:J9.438B
Beilstein Number:1851203
MDL:MFCD00049191
CoE Number:2115
XlogP3-AA:2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight:136.23752000
Formula:C10 H16
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1331 terpinolene
FLAVIS Number:01.005 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.005 terpinolene
FEMA Number:3046 terpinolene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: TERPINOLENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.88000 to 0.89000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.322 to 7.406
Refractive Index:1.46000 to 1.46400 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 183.00 to 185.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:1.126000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density:4.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 148.00 °F. TCC ( 64.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.470
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 9.5 mg/L @ 23C (exp)
Stability:
 alcoholic fine fragrance, fair
 antiperspirant, good
 deo stick
 fabric softener, good
 hard surface cleaner
 liquid detergent, good
 perborate powder detergent, poor
 shampoo
 soap, good
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh woody sweet pine citrus
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. fresh woody sweet pine citrus
Luebke, William tgsc, (1985)
Odor sample from: Union Camp Corporation
sweet fresh pine citrus woody lemon peel
Odor Description:at 1.00 %. Sweet, fresh, piney citrus with a woody old lemon peel nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Flavor Type: woody
woody terpenic lemon lime herbal floral
Taste Description: at 2.00 - 25.00 ppm. Woody, terpy, lemon and lime-like with a slight herbal and floral nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
IFF
Terpinolene 20
Odor Description:A mixture of hydrocarbons, including terpinolene, together with the ethers derived from the production of terpineol (ex-alpha-pinene)
IFF
Terpinolene 90 PQ
Odor Description:Fresh lime-pine top note. Very cost effective in functional products
Takasago
Terpinolene Biobased 100%
Odor Description:Sweet-piney, oily and relatively pleasant
Low cost fragrance material used in citrus, pinaceous, and herbaceous types.
IFF
Terpinolene Rectified
Odor Description:Fresh lime-pine top note. Very cost effective in functional products
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE 20
Odor Description:PINUS, CITRUS, LIME
IFF
Terpinolene 90
Odor Description:Fresh, pine-lime top note
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Anhui Haibei
Terpinolene natural
Augustus Oils
Terpinolene
Services
Aurochemicals
TERPINOLENE, Natural
Azelis UK
TERPINOLENE 20
Services
Azelis UK
Terpinolene 90
Azelis UK
TERPINOLENE 9O PQ
Azelis UK
TERPINOLENE RECT
Beijing Lys Chemicals
Natural Terpinolene
Berjé
Terpinolene 20%
Happening at Berje
Berjé
Terpinolene 90%
Berjé
Terpinolene Special Rein 95%
CG Herbals
Terpineolene
DRT Terpenes
TERPINOLENE 95 PF
> 94%
ECSA Chemicals
Terpinolene
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE 20 (LOW LIMONENE)
Odor: PINUS, CITRUS, LIME, WOODY, HERBAL
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE 20 IFF
Odor: PINUS, CITRUS
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE 20
Odor: PINUS, CITRUS, LIME
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE 90
Odor: SWEET, PINE, HERBAL, ANISIC, LIME
Flavor: SOMEWHAT SWEET, CITRUS
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE NATURAL
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE RECTIFIED IFF
Ernesto Ventós
TERPINOLENE RECTIFIED
Odor: PINE, CITRUS, LIME
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
Terpinolene (GC) ≥95%
Fleurchem
terpinolene
Foreverest Resources
Terpinolene 90%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Terpinolene is an isomer of Turpentine, which appears colourless or pale yellow liquid with rosin resin oder character. It’s a natural and green food ingredient.
Foreverest Resources
Terpinolene 95%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Terpinolene is an isomer from Turpentine, which appears colourless or pale yellow liquid with rosin resin oder character. It’s a natural and green food ingredient.
Fuzhou Farwell
Terpinolene 20%/30%/50%/90%95%
Global Essence
Terpinolene 20
Global Essence
Terpinolene 30
Global Essence
Terpinolene 90
IFF
Terpinolene 20
Odor: A mixture of hydrocarbons, including terpinolene, together with the ethers derived from the production of terpineol (ex-alpha-pinene)
IFF
Terpinolene 90 PQ
Odor: Fresh lime-pine top note. Very cost effective in functional products
IFF
Terpinolene 90
Odor: Fresh, pine-lime top note
IFF
Terpinolene Rectified
Odor: Fresh lime-pine top note. Very cost effective in functional products
Indukern F&F
NATURAL TERPINOLENE 95%
Odor: SWEET, FRESH, HERBAL, WOODY
Indukern F&F
TERPINOLENE 30
Odor: CITRUS, LIME, PINE
Indukern F&F
TERPINOLENE 90
Odor: CITRUS, LIME, PINE
Lluch Essence
TERPINOLENE 20%
Lluch Essence
TERPINOLENE NATURAL
Mentha & Allied Products
Terpinolene 20 IFF/BBA
100% Matching to IFF/BBA
Mentha & Allied Products
Terpinolene 30
25 - 35 % Min Terpinolene Content
Mentha & Allied Products
Terpinolene 90
90 % Min Terpinolene Content
Moellhausen
TERPINOLENE 95%
Odor: terpenic, sharp
Flavor: terpene, citrus
Nectar Lifesciences
Terpinolene
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
Terpinolene 93% up (including isomer)
OQEMA
Terpinolene 20
OQEMA
Terpinolene 30
PCW France
Terpinolene
Steps to a fragranced product
Pell Wall Perfumes
Terpinolene
Penta International
TERPINOLENE 20, Kosher
Penta International
TERPINOLENE 90, Kosher
Penta International
TERPINOLENE NATURAL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Terpinolene
Reincke & Fichtner
Terpinolene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
Terpinolene
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
Terpinolene
Sigma-Aldrich
Terpinolene, ≥90%
Odor: plastic
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
TERPINOLENE
Takasago
Terpinolene
Biobased 100%
Odor: Sweet-piney, oily and relatively pleasant
Use: Low cost fragrance material used in citrus, pinaceous, and herbaceous types.
The Fragrance Museum
Taytonn
Terpinolene 20
Taytonn
Terpinolene 90 Pq
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
Terpinolene >90.0%(GC)
Tengzhou Xiang Yuan Aroma Chemicals
Terpinolene 20
The John D. Walsh Company
Terpinolene 20
The John D. Walsh Company
Terpinolene 90 PQ
Treatt
Terpinolene
Vigon International
Terpinolene 20 (Essence De Pin PF)
Vigon International
Terpinolene 95 PF
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 23 - Do not breath spray.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
10 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 4.39 ml/kg
Observation period not given.
(Levenstein, 1975o)

oral-rat LD50 4390 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 877, 1976.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 14, Pg. 877, 1976.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for terpinolene usage levels up to:
  50.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 660.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 70.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -49.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -16.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -64.00000
fruit ices: -64.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 0.1200048.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):586-62-9
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :11463
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
SCCNFP:opinion
WISER:UN 2541
WGK Germany:2
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexene
Chemidplus:0000586629
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:WZ6870000 for cas# 586-62-9
 
References:
 1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:586-62-9
Pubchem (cid):11463
Pubchem (sid):134975967
Flavornet:586-62-9
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
Metabolomics Database:Search
KEGG (GenomeNet):C06075
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36994
FooDB:FDB015966
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
balsamic
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
nopol
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citrus ocimenol
FR
citrus woody floral fragrance
FR
crithmum maritimum oil
FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lime pyran
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
floral
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
coriander oil fractions
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
gardenia amide
FR
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
fruity
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
green
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
guava leaf oil cuba
FR
cis-
herbal cyclohexane
FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
pine
pine oil 85
FR
spicy
angelica oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
woody
6,7-
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dragons blood fragrance
FR
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
juniper berry oil terpenes
FR
iso
longifolene epoxide
FR
lariciu
pine needle oil
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6,7-
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-beta-
farnesene
FL/FR
nopol
FL/FR
2,4,4-
trimethyl-1,3-oxathiane
FL
aromatic
aromatic
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
balsamic
juniper berry absolute
FL/FR
camphoreous
geranic oxide
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil ivory coast
FL/FR
bergamot oil terpeneless
FL/FR
cherry lemon lime flavor
FL
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
freesia heptanol
FL/FR
kiwi lemon lime flavor
FL
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon lime flavor
FL
orange lemon lime flavor
FL
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
floral
cardamom absolute
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrolinalool
FL/FR
linalyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
fruity
(E)-beta-
damascone
FL/FR
lilikoi float flavor
FL
green
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
(E)-
nerolidol
FL/FR
beta-
ocimene
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower extract
FL/FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
coriander oil fractions
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
linalyl propionate
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
medicinal
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
pine
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
spicy
angelica oil
FL/FR
croton eluteria bark oil
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
nutmeg absolute
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
sulfurous
mango thiol
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
phellandrene
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
woody
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
frankincense oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FL/FRajowan
FRbergamot
FRcitrus
FL/FRcoriander
FReucalyptus oil replacer
FRlemon
FRlime
FRmango
FRpine
FRpine forest
FRspice
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 allspice fruit
Search Trop Picture
 allspice leaf
Search Trop Picture
 allspice leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica root oil @ 0.87%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop Picture
 apricot oil
Search Trop Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil flower oil sweet @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil sweet (ocimum basilicum) @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.09-0.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.210-0.476%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 1.0%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 betel leaf oil @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.025%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.017%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.033%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cabbage shoot
Search Trop Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 5.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamintha nepeta (l.) savi subsp. glandulosa oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 0.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga leaf oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.28%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia plant
Search Trop Picture
 cassis bud oil @ 0.40-20.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.11-0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ >0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery root oil
Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 chamomile oil morocco @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.55%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.01-0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.74%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.06%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil france @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.37%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 costmary oil @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 couroupita guianensis aubl. flower oil brazil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cubeb oil @ 0.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil egypt @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant bud
Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry wood leaf oil australia @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress
Search PMC Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 3.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.10%
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 elemi
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 0.40%
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 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
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 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.20%
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 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 1.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.98%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 0.20%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.15%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 0.10%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.50%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.06%
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 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ trace%
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 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.80%
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 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
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 featherfew leaf oil @ trace%
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 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 0.10%
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 fennel plant
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 fennel seed
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 fennel seed oil bitter lithuania @ trace%
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 ferula cupularis flower oil @ 5.61%
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.17-1.68%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 1.12%
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 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 9.20%
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 frankincense oil somalia @ 0.10%
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 galangal root oil @ 0.09%
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 geranium oil bourbon @ 0.08%
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 ginger
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil brazil @ 0.50%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.04%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ trace%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.09%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.10%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.13%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.84%
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 grapefruit oil california @ trace%
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 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.06%
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 guava fruit
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.39%
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 hinoki leaf oil @ 1.00%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.50%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.19%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.02%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.01%
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 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 1.60%
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 4.00-7.20%
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 hyssop leaf
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 juniper berry oil @ 1.00%
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 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 3.00%
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 juniper branch oil @ 1.00%
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 kewda oil @ 0.24-0.28%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.20%
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 labdanum oil @ 0.43%
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 laurel bark oil @ 0.2%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.70%
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 laurel stem oil @ 0.1%
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 laurel wood oil @ 0.1%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.48%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.26%
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 lavender oil france @ 0.29%
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 lavender oil greece @ 0.09%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 0.07%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.69%
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 lavender spike water @ 0.03%
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 lavender water bulgaria @ 0.05%
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 layana oil kenya @ 0.05%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.10-0.50%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 0.3%
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 lemon
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 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.34%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 0.43%
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 lemon pericarp oil
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ trace%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.05%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.09%
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 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.30%
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 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.11%
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 levisticum officinale seed oil @ trace%
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 lime
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 5.28%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 9.70%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.7%
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 lovage
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 lovage flower oil @ 1.50%
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 lovage leaf oil @ trace%
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 lovage root oil @ 0.37%
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 lovage seed oil @ 0.86%
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 lychee fruit
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 mace oil @ 3.30%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.40%
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 mandarin
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 1.38%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.78%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.82%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.87%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 1.38%
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 mandarin oil japan @ 0.20%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.03%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 0.20%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ trace%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.05%
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 marjoram leaf
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.10%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 1.52%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.70-2.40%
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 marjoram oil sweet egypt @ 4.59%
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 marjoram oil sweet egypt @ 7.81%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 2.00%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.46%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.12-0.13%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.05-0.24%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.07%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 0.06%
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 mastic oil @ 0.12%
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.13%
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 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 0.10%
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 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.13%
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 mint
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 1.20%
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 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 0.20%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.10%
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 narcissus absolute @ trace%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.16%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.30%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.20%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 0.48%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.00-0.28%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 1.2%
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 nutmeg oil india @ 0.97%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 0.11%
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 orange
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 orange fruit
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.21%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.02%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.014%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.017%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.023%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.030%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.077%
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 oregano oil mexico @ 0.08%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 0.41%
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 osmanthus absolute @ 0.06%
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 palmarosa oil @ trace%
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil @ 2.50%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.72%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 2.78%
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 parsley seed
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 parsley seed oil @ 0.14%
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 parsnip root oil
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 passion fruit
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 0.10%
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 0.10%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.20%
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 peppermint leaf
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 peppermint oil america @ 0.18%
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.31%
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 petitgrain bigarade oil @ 0.20%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.05%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 2.20%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 0.01%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.10%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.32%
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 petitgrain oil @ 0.40%
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 petitgrain sweet oil @ 0.02%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.01%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.38%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.03%
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 pimento berry oil @ trace%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ 0.4%
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 pine
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 2.15%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.1-0.2%
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 pinus spp.
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 2.60%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.60%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 25.20%
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 1.10%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 28.50%
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 pteronia oil @ 0.10%
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.56%%
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 rosemary
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.51-0.78%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.29-0.36%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 saffron stigma
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 sage
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil albania @ 0.40%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.22%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.40%
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 sage oil england @ 0.10%
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 sage oil germany @ 0.23%
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 sage oil reunion @ 0.20%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.3%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.1%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.20%
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 sage plant
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 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 0.20%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 0.50%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 0.22%
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 salvia officinalis oil reunion @ 0.30%
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 santolina oil @ 1.05%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ trace%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.90%
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 savin oil @ 0.80%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory plant
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.40%
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ 0.04-0.07%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.30%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.35%
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 tansy oil argentina @ trace%
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 tansy oil canada @ trace%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 0.10%
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 tea
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 tea tree oil australia @ 3.18%
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 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 0.50%
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 thyme oil portuguese @ trace%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.09%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.18-0.19%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.15%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 0.10%
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 1.90%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.90%
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 valerian root oil @ trace-0.1%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.02%
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 vassoura oil @ 0.20%
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 water mint shoot
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.05%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.33%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 0.75%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 0.1%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 0.50%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.20%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.30%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.42-0.52%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.23-0.51%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.17-0.34%
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Synonyms:
 cyclohexene, 1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-
 cyclohexene, 3-methyl-6-(1-methylethylidene)-
p-menth-1,4,8-diene
para-menth-1,4,8-diene
p-menth-1,4(8)-diene
p-mentha-1,4,8-diene
para-mentha-1,4,8-diene
p-mentha-1,4(8)-diene
para-mentha-1,4(8)-diene
1,4(8)-p-menthadiene
1,4(8)-para-menthadiene
p-meth-1-en-8-yl-formate
1-methyl-4-(1-methyl ethylidene) cyclohexene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)-1-cyclohexene
1-methyl-4-(1-methylethylidene)cyclohexene
1-methyl-4-(propan-2-ylidene)cyclohexene
1-methyl-4-isopropylidene-1-cyclohexene
1-methyl-4-propan-2-ylidenecyclohexene
 nofmer TP
4-isopropylidene-1-methyl cylohexene
4-isopropylidene-1-methylcyclohexene
4-isopropylidene-1-methylcylohexene
1,4,8-terpadiene
1,4(8)-terpadiene
isoterpinene
 terpineolene
 terpinolene 20
 terpinolene 30
 terpinolene 90
 terpinolene 90 PQ
 terpinolene 95 PF
 terpinolene natural
 terpinolene rect.
 terpinolene special rein 95%
 

Articles:

PubMed:A novel synthetic pathway for tropolone ring formation via the olefin monoterpene intermediate terpinolene in cultured Cupressus lusitanica cells.
PubMed:An expedient synthesis of linden ether.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile components extracted from the peels of four different Chinese pomelos using TDS-GC-MS.
PubMed:Terpene constituents of the leaves of five Vietnamese species of Clausena (Rutaceae).
PubMed:Exocrine secretions of wheel bugs (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Arilus spp.): clarification and chemistry.
PubMed:Genotoxic and oxidative damage potentials in human lymphocytes after exposure to terpinolene in vitro.
PubMed:Review of Pharmacological Effects of Myrtus communis L. and its Active Constituents.
PubMed:Terpinen-4-ol is the Most Active Ingredient of Tea Tree Oil to Kill Demodex Mites.
PubMed:CYP345E2, an antenna-specific cytochrome P450 from the mountain pine beetle, Dendroctonus ponderosae Hopkins, catalyses the oxidation of pine host monoterpene volatiles.
PubMed:Bacteria isolated from roots and rhizosphere of Vitis vinifera retard water losses, induce abscisic acid accumulation and synthesis of defense-related terpenes in in vitro cultured grapevine.
PubMed:Anticancer and antioxidant properties of terpinolene in rat brain cells.
PubMed:Vibrational spectroscopy as a rapid quality control method for Melaleuca alternifolia cheel (tea tree oil).
PubMed:In vitro and in vivo anti-tobacco mosaic virus activities of essential oils and individual compounds.
PubMed:Chemical composition of essential oils and in vitro antioxidant activity of fresh and dry leaves crude extracts of medicinal plant of Lactuca Sativa L. native to Sultanate of Oman.
PubMed:Functional characterization of myrcene hydroxylases from two geographically distinct Ips pini populations.
PubMed:The sedative effect of inhaled terpinolene in mice and its structure-activity relationships.
PubMed:Comparative study of the chemical composition of essential oils of five Tagetes species collected in Venezuela.
PubMed:Distillation time alters essential oil yield, composition, and antioxidant activity of male Juniperus scopulorum trees.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of essential oils of Plectranthus cylindraceus and Meriandra benghalensis from Yemen.
PubMed:Determination of chemical constituents of leaf and stem essential oils of Artemisia monosperma from central Saudi Arabia.
PubMed:Esterification of bio-oil from mallee (Eucalyptus loxophleba ssp. gratiae) leaves with a solid acid catalyst: Conversion of the cyclic ether and terpenoids into hydrocarbons.
PubMed:Antiulcerogenic and antibacterial activities of Apium graveolens essential oil and extract.
PubMed:A gas chromatography-mass spectrometry assay to quantify camphor extracted from goat serum.
PubMed:Exposure to Anacardiaceae volatile oils and their constituents induces lipid peroxidation within food-borne bacteria cells.
PubMed:Growth-inhibiting effects of Paeonia lactiflora root steam distillate constituents and structurally related compounds on human intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed:Terpinolene, a component of herbal sage, downregulates AKT1 expression in K562 cells.
PubMed:Contact and fumigant toxicity of Cyperus rotundus steam distillate constituents and related compounds to insecticide-susceptible and -resistant Blattella germanica.
PubMed:New monocyclic monoterpenoid glycoside from Mentha haplocalyx Briq.
PubMed:Alleviating monoterpene toxicity using a two-phase extractive fermentation for the bioproduction of jet fuel mixtures in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of host cues from mango, Mangifera indica, that attract gravid female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis.
PubMed:Degradation of terpenes and terpenoids from Mediterranean rangelands by mixed rumen bacteria in vitro.
PubMed:Chemical constituents of the essential oil from aerial parts and fruit of Anisosciadium orientale.
PubMed:Chemical stability of extra-virgin olive oil added with oregano essential oil.
PubMed:Metabolism of terpenes in the response of grape (Vitis vinifera L.) leaf tissues to UV-B radiation.
PubMed:Scientific basis for the therapeutic use of Cymbopogon citratus, stapf (Lemon grass).
PubMed:Larvicidal and repellent activity of Hyptis suaveolens (Lamiaceae) essential oil against the mosquito Aedes albopictus Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity studies on S. erianthum and S. macranthum essential oils.
PubMed:Modulation of volatile organic compound formation in the Mycodiesel-producing endophyte Hypoxylon sp. CI-4.
PubMed:Fire injury reduces inducible defenses of lodgepole pine against Mountain pine beetle.
PubMed:Helichrysum gymnocephalum essential oil: chemical composition and cytotoxic, antimalarial and antioxidant activities, attribution of the activity origin by correlations.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Heracleum thomsonii (Clarke) from the cold desert of the western Himalayas.
PubMed:Volatile constituents and antioxidant activity of flowers, stems and leaves of Nasturtium officinale R. Br.
PubMed:Comparative study of volatile oil compositions of two Plectranthus species from northern India.
PubMed:Reciprocal interactions between the bark beetle-associated yeast Ogataea pini and host plant phytochemistry.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity and chemical constituents of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Gypsophila bicolor from Iran.
PubMed:╬▒-Pinene- and ╬▓-myrcene-rich volatile fruit oil of Cupressus arizonica Greene from northwest Iran.
PubMed:Survey of ex situ fruit and leaf volatiles from several Pistacia cultivars grown in California.
PubMed:Comparison of volatile constituents, and antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the essential oils of Thymus caucasicus, T. kotschyanus and T. vulgaris.
PubMed:Chemoprevention by essential oil of turmeric leaves (Curcuma longa L.) on the growth of Aspergillus flavus and aflatoxin production.
PubMed:Sedative effects of vapor inhalation of the essential oil of Microtoena patchoulii and its related compounds.
PubMed:Effectiveness of different solid-phase microextraction fibres for differentiation of selected Madeira island fruits based on their volatile metabolite profile--identification of novel compounds.
PubMed:Activity of Melaleuca alternifolia (tea tree) oil on Influenza virus A/PR/8: study on the mechanism of action.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oil components of two Pinus species from Taibai Mountain in China.
PubMed:Composition of volatile organic compounds in flowers of Astragalus sahendi.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction of volatile organic compounds released from leaves and flowers of Artemisia fragrans, followed by GC and GC/MS analysis.
PubMed:The influence of Ceratocystis polonica inoculation and methyl jasmonate application on terpene chemistry of Norway spruce, Picea abies.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Heracleum rechingeri Manden from Iran.
PubMed:Inhibition of predator attraction to kairomones by non-host plant volatiles for herbivores: a bypass-trophic signal.
PubMed:Complex interactions among host pines and fungi vectored by an invasive bark beetle.
PubMed:A biochemical interpretation of terpene chemotypes in Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Chemical characterization of orange juice from trees infected with citrus greening (Huanglongbing).
PubMed:MSU-S mesoporous materials: an efficient catalyst for isomerization of alpha-pinene.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of the flower oil of Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb from Tunisia.
PubMed:Acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase inhibitory activity of Pinus species essential oils and their constituents.
PubMed:Essential oil yield and composition of Pistacia vera 'Kerman' fruits, peduncles and leaves grown in California.
PubMed:[Simultaneous determination of alpha-pinene, beta-pinene, eucalyptol and alpha-terpineolin in essential oil from Alpinia officinarum Hance by GC].
PubMed:The role of secreting structures position on the leaf volatile organic compounds of Hypericum androsaemum.
PubMed:Cannabinoid receptor 1 binding activity and quantitative analysis of Cannabis sativa L. smoke and vapor.
PubMed:Larvicidal activity of compounds isolated from Asarum heterotropoides against Culex pipiens pallens, Aedes aegypti, and Ochlerotatus togoi (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the essential oil composition of Origanum majorana L. cultivated in Egypt.
PubMed:Headspace volatile composition of the flowers of Caralluma europaea N.E.Br. (Apocynaceae).
PubMed:Repellency of essential oils of Cryptomeria japonica (Pinaceae) against adults of the mosquitoes Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera:Culicidae).
PubMed:In vitro antiviral activity of Melaleuca alternifolia essential oil.
PubMed:Supercritical fluid extraction of the volatile oil from Santolina chamaecyparissus.
PubMed:Evaluation of monoterpenes for the control of Tribolium castaneum (Herbst) and Sitophilus zeamaise Motschulsky.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of Clausena indica (Dalz) Oliv. (Rutaceae) essential oil from Vietnam.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity and composition of essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Chaerophyllum macropodum Boiss. from Iran.
PubMed:Control and reduction of peak temperature in self-curing resins.
PubMed:Formation of organic acids from the gas-phase ozonolysis of terpinolene.
PubMed:HIV-1-inhibiting activity of the essential oil of Ridolfia segetum and Oenanthe crocata.
PubMed:Formation and stability of secondary ozonides from monoterpenes studied by mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Insecticidal activities of leaf and twig essential oils from Clausena excavata against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae.
PubMed:Volatile and non-volatile monoterpenes produced by elicitor-stimulated Cupressus lusitanica cultured cells.
PubMed:Analysis of volatiles in dehydrated carrot samples by solid-phase microextraction followed by GC-MS.
PubMed:Effect of adhesive matrix composition and terpinolene on indomethacin bioavailability in rats from transdermal therapeutic system.
PubMed:Synergistic blends of monoterpenes for aggregation pheromones of the mountain pine beetle (Coleoptera: Curculionidae).
PubMed:Organosulfate formation in biogenic secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed:Responses of the Mediterranean pine shoot beetle Tomicus destruens (Wollaston) to pine shoot and bark volatiles.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:A comparison of volatile components from the peel of Ohshima no. 1 with its parent cultivars.
PubMed:Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of terpenoids on multidrug resistance-associated protein 2- and breast cancer resistance protein-mediated transport.
PubMed:Characterization of steam volatiles in the essential oil of black currant buds and the antioxidant properties of different bud extracts.
PubMed:The essential oil qualitative and quantitative composition in the needles of Pinus sylvestris L. growing along industrial transects.
PubMed:Variations in insecticidal activity and chemical compositions of leaf essential oils from Cryptomeria japonica at different ages.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity and the major components of the essential oil of Plectranthus cylindraceus.
PubMed:Composition and enantiomeric analysis of the essential oil of the fruits and the leaves of Pistacia vera from Greece.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile compounds emitted from fresh Syringa oblata flowers in different florescence by headspace solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Cloning and functional characterization of three terpene synthases from lavender (Lavandula angustifolia).
PubMed:Comparison of pistachio hull essential oils from different Tunisian localities.
PubMed:The effect of the volatile oil from ginger rhizomes (Zingiber officinale), its fractions and isolated compounds on the 5-HT3 receptor complex and the serotoninergic system of the rat ileum.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Ridolfia segetum (L.) Moris.
PubMed:Role of host volatiles in mate location by the Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus hope (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae).
PubMed:Growth-inhibiting activity of active component isolated from Terminalia chebula fruits against intestinal bacteria.
PubMed:Inhibition of P-glycoprotein-mediated transport by terpenoids contained in herbal medicines and natural products.
PubMed:From terpenoids to aliphatic acids: further evidence for late-instar switch in osmeterial defense as a characteristic trait of swallowtail butterflies in the tribe papilionini.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile constituents in leaves of three cypress species by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Changes in terpene content in milk from pasture-fed cows.
PubMed:Cleaning products and air fresheners: emissions and resulting concentrations of glycol ethers and terpenoids.
PubMed:Evaluation of extracts and oils of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) repellent plants from Sweden and Guinea-Bissau.
PubMed:Essential oil composition and antimicrobial activity of Diplotaenia damavandica.
PubMed:Identification of characteristic aroma-active compounds from water dropwort (Oenanthe javanica DC.).
PubMed:Effects of gamma-terpinene, terpinolene, alpha-copaene, and alpha-terpinene on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep.
PubMed:The monoterpene terpinolene from the oil of Pinus mugo L. in concert with alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene effectively prevents oxidation of LDL.
PubMed:Influence of environmental factors on composition of volatile constituents and biological activity of Helichrysum italicum (Roth) Don (Asteraceae).
PubMed:Characterization of four terpene synthase cDNAs from methyl jasmonate-induced Douglas-fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii.
PubMed:The effect of terpenoid extracts from 15 pine species on the feeding behavioural sequence of the late instars of the pine processionary caterpillar Thaumetopoea pityocampa.
PubMed:Chemical characterization and antifungal activity of essential oil of capitula from wild Indian Tagetes patula L.
PubMed:Volatile components from mango (Mangifera indica L.) cultivars.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of mono- and sesquiterpenes in carrot roots and leaves (Daucus carota L.): metabolic cross talk of cytosolic mevalonate and plastidial methylerythritol phosphate pathways.
PubMed:Particle phase acidity and oligomer formation in secondary organic aerosol.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton.
PubMed:Secondary organic aerosol formation from the ozonolysis of cycloalkenes and related compounds.
PubMed:Anticonvulsant activity and chemical composition of Artemisia dracunculus L. essential oil.
PubMed:Mono and diterpene production in Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of the leaves and stems of Meum athamanticum Jacq., from Spain.
PubMed:Evaluation of antioxidant activity of Australian tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) oil and its components.
PubMed:Biotransformation of (R)-(+)- and (S)-(-)-citronellol by Aspergillus sp. and Penicillium sp., and the use of solid-phase microextraction for screening.
PubMed:Antioxidative properties of the essential oil from Pinus mugo.
PubMed:Monoterpenes produced by Cupressus lusitanica cultured cells including a novel monoterpene (1R, 2S, 6S)-(+)-1,6-epoxy-4(8)-p-menthen-2-ol [corrected].
PubMed:Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro evaluation of antioxidant effect of free volatile compounds from Satureja montana L.
PubMed:Preferred age for assessment of qualitative and quantitative characteristics of the essential oil of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) seedlings prior to plantation establishment.
PubMed:Effects of hydration, lipids, and temperature on the binding of the volatile aroma terpenes by beta-lactoglobulin powders.
PubMed:Monoterpenoid accumulation in 1,8-cineole, terpinolene and terpinen-4-ol chemotypes of Melaleuca alternifolia seedlings.
PubMed:Traumatic resin defense in Norway spruce (Picea abies): methyl jasmonate-induced terpene synthase gene expression, and cDNA cloning and functional characterization of (+)-3-carene synthase.
PubMed:Genetic control of monoterpene composition in the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia (Cheel).
PubMed:Volatile emissions of eastern hemlock, Tsuga canadensis, and the influence of hemlock woolly adelgid.
PubMed:Detoxification of terpinolene by plant pathogenic fungus Botrytis cinerea.
PubMed:Determination of monoterpene hydrocarbons and alcohols in Majorana hortensis Moench by micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatographic.
PubMed:Effects of storage conditions on the composition of Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka (hyuganatsu) essential oil.
PubMed:Monoterpenoid accumulation in Melaleuca alternifolia seedlings.
PubMed:Comparing the variation of needle and wood terpenoids in Scots pine provenances.
PubMed:Volatile oil comparison of cotyledon leaves of chemotypes of Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Isotope ratio by HRGC-MS of citrus Junos tanaka (yuzu) essential oils: m/z 137/136 of terpene hydrocarbons.
PubMed:Five phloroglucinol-monoterpene adducts from Eucalyptus grandis.
PubMed:In vitro studies on penetration of terpenes from matrix-type transdermal systems through human skin.
PubMed:Hydroquinone derivatives and monoterpenoids from the Neotropical liverwort Plagiochila rutilans.
PubMed:Strategies of a bark beetle, Pityogenes bidentatus, in an olfactory landscape.
PubMed:Radical-scavenging activities of citrus essential oils and their components: detection using 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl.
PubMed:Volatile components of green walnut husks.
PubMed:Effects of branched cyclodextrins on the solubility and stability of terpenes.
PubMed:Natural variation in the essential oil content of Melaleuca alternifolia Cheel (Myrtaceae).
PubMed:Chemoenzymatic synthesis of homochiral (R)- and (S)-karahanaenol from (R)-limonene.
PubMed:Encapsulation of lemon oil by paste method using beta-cyclodextrin: encapsulation efficiency and profile of oil volatiles.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of citrus essential oils and their components on the formation of N-nitrosodimethylamine.
PubMed:Cloning, expression, and characterization of epi-cedrol synthase, a sesquiterpene cyclase from Artemisia annua L.
PubMed:cDNA cloning, characterization, and functional expression of four new monoterpene synthase members of the Tpsd gene family from grand fir (Abies grandis).
PubMed:Evaluation of anti-inflammatory-related activity of essential oils from the leaves and resin of species of Protium.
PubMed:The essential oil of Senecio graveolens (Compositae): chemical composition and antimicrobial activity tests.
PubMed:Degradation products of monoterpenes are the sensitizing agents in tea tree oil.
PubMed:Monoterpene synthases from common sage (Salvia officinalis). cDNA isolation, characterization, and functional expression of (+)-sabinene synthase, 1,8-cineole synthase, and (+)-bornyl diphosphate synthase.
PubMed:Isolation and bacterial expression of a sesquiterpene synthase cDNA clone from peppermint (Mentha x piperita, L.) that produces the aphid alarm pheromone (E)-beta-farnesene.
PubMed:Aerobic biodegradation of selected monoterpenes.
PubMed:Decomposition of Terpenes by Ozone during Sampling on Tenax.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of the major components of the essential oil of Melaleuca alternifolia.
PubMed:Photooxidant-forming monoterpenes in air plumes from kraft pulp industries.
PubMed:Attraction of bark beetles,Tomicus piniperda,Hylurgops palliatus, andTrypodendron domesticum and other insects to short-chain alcohols and monoterpenes.
PubMed:[Studies on chemical constituents of the essential oil of Cyclorhiza waltonii].
PubMed:Biosynthesis of monoterpenes. Stereochemical implications of acyclic and monocyclic olefin formation by (+)- and (-)-pinene cyclases from sage.
PubMed:Effect of limonene and related compounds on the percutaneous absorption of indomethacin.
PubMed:Gallery initiation byTomicus piniperda (Coleoptera: Scolytidae) on scots pine trees baited with host volatiles.
PubMed:Demonstration that limonene is the first cyclic intermediate in the biosynthesis of oxygenated p-menthane monoterpenes in Mentha piperita and other Mentha species.
PubMed:Soldier-specific chemicals of the termiteCurvitermes strictinasus Mathews (Isoptera, Nasutitermitinae).
PubMed:Contact dermatitis to terpene derivatives in a machine cleaner.
PubMed:Effect of various essential oils isolated from Douglas fir needles upon sheep and deer rumen microbial activity.
 
Notes:
Constit. of many essential oils e.g. Citrus, Mentha, Juniperus, Myristica spp. Parsnip oil (Pastinaca sativa) is a major source (40-70%). Flavouring ingredient
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