EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

beta-caryophyllene
(1R-(1R*,4E,9S))-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylenebicyclo(7.2.0)undec-4-ene

Sponsors

Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:(1R,4E,9S)-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylidenebicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene
CAS Number: 87-44-5Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:1233519-47-5
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:201-746-1
FDA UNII:BHW853AU9H
Nikkaji Web:J3.212C
Beilstein Number:2044564
MDL:MFCD00075925
CoE Number:2118
XlogP3-AA:4.40 (est)
Molecular Weight:204.35628000
Formula:C15 H24
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). CASrn refers to (1R,4E,9S)-isomer. According to JECFA: Min. Assay value is "80 %" and secondary components "C15H24 terpene hydrocarbons (eg. Valencene)". 80-92 % beta-caryophyllene; 10-15 % alpha-humulene; 5-6 % valencene and other C15H24 hydrocarbons as isolated from natural sources.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
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Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1324 beta-caryophyllene
FLAVIS Number:01.007 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.007 beta-caryophyllene
FEMA Number:2252 beta-caryophyllene
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: BETA-CARYOPHYLLENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 80.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.89900 to 0.90800 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.481 to 7.555
Refractive Index:1.49800 to 1.50400 @ 20.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:-5.00 to -10.00
Boiling Point: 256.00 to 259.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 160.00 to 161.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.013000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 200.00 °F. TCC ( 93.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.300
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 propylene glycol
 water, 0.05011 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: spicy
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:44 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet woody spicy clove dry
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet woody spice clove dry
Luebke, William tgsc, (1999)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
Flavor Type: spicy
spicy clove woody nut skin powdery peppery
Taste Description: spicy clove woody nut skin powdery peppery
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Takasago
Caryophyllene ≥92% as beta-Caryophyllene, Biobased 100%
Odor Description:Woody-spicy, dry and tenacious
Used in spice blends and citrus flavors, especially in chewing gum. Also used in soaps and detergents.
Robertet
Caryophyllene nat 100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor Description:Spicy, terpenic
Moellhausen
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE 80% Natural
Odor Description:woody, clove note
Taste Description:spicy, oily, citrus
Natural Advantage
beta-Caryophyllene Nat
Taste Description:Spicy pepper-like, woody, camphoraceous, with a citrus background
Flavor Use: Spices, Citrus and Savory Flavors. Use Level: 0.1-25 ppm
PerfumersWorld
Beta-Caryophyllene
Odor Description:sweet woody spice clove dry woody dusty oily Woody-spicy dry
Pell Wall Perfumes
beta-Caryophyllene
Odor Description:Sweet, woody-spice, clove, dry. Tenacious
Sweet, woody-spice, clove, dry and tenacious. Extremely common in many natural oils and headspace results and useful in a wide range of fragrances; especially useful for a spicy note that isn’t IFRA restricted.
Prodasynth
CARYOPHYLLENE, NATURAL BETA > 90 (ALPHA+BETA > 95)
Odor Description:WOODY, SPICY, DRY, TENACIOUS
Taste Description:DRY-WOODY, SOMEWHAT BITTER
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
perfuming agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
BETA CARYOPHYLLENE NATURAL
Ambles Nature et Chimie
BETA CARYOPHYLLENE NAT
Augustus Oils
Caryophyllene
Services
Aurochemicals
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
beta-Caryophyllene
CG Herbals
Caryophyllene 80%
CG Herbals
Caryophyllene 98%
CG Herbals
Caryophyllene
Charabot
Caryophyllene nat
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Spicy, terpenic
Citrus and Allied Essences
beta-Caryophyllene FCC (natural)
Market Report
Cvista
beta-Caryophyllene, ex grapefruit (Purity 50%)
Diffusions Aromatiques
CARYOPHYLLENE-BETA
Ernesto Ventós
CARYOPHYLLENE 917 INDESSO NATURAL
Odor: WOODY, SPICY, DRY, TENACIOUS
Flavor: DRY-WOODY, SOMEWHAT BITTER
Ernesto Ventós
CARYOPHYLLENE BETA NATURAL
Odor: WOODY, SPICY, DRY, TENACIOUS
Flavor: DRY-WOODY, SOMEWHAT BITTER
Excellentia International
beta-Caryophyllene Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
(-)-trans-Caryophyllene (GC) ≥98% (sum of enantiomers)
Fleurchem
caryophyllene natural
Fleurchem
caryophyllene
Fuzhou Farwell
beta-Caryophyllene
Global Essence
beta-Caryophyllene
Indenta Group
beta-Caryophyllene
Indukern F&F
CARYOPHYLLENE EXTRA NATURAL
Odor: WOODY, SPICY, DRY
Inoue Perfumery
CARYOPHYLLENE
Jiangyin Healthway
Caryophyllene
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE EXTRA NATURAL 85%
M&U International
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE
Mane
Caryophyllene
Isolate ex Clove
Odor: Woody Spicy Dry
Moellhausen
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE 80% Natural
Odor: woody, clove note
Flavor: spicy, oily, citrus
Moellhausen
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE 95% natural
Odor: woody, clove note.
Flavor: spicy, oily, citrus.
Natural Advantage
beta-Caryophyllene Nat
Flavor: Spicy pepper-like, woody, camphoraceous, with a citrus background
Flavor Use: Spices, Citrus and Savory Flavors. Use Level: 0.1-25 ppm
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
Caryophyllene 80% up
Payand Betrand
beta-Caryophyllene Indonesia, Natural
Pell Wall Perfumes
beta-Caryophyllene
Odor: Sweet, woody-spice, clove, dry. Tenacious
Use: Sweet, woody-spice, clove, dry and tenacious. Extremely common in many natural oils and headspace results and useful in a wide range of fragrances; especially useful for a spicy note that isn’t IFRA restricted.
Penta International
b-CARYOPHYLLENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Penta International
beta-CARYOPHYLLENE SYNTHETIC, Kosher, Halal
PerfumersWorld
Beta-Caryophyllene
Odor: sweet woody spice clove dry woody dusty oily Woody-spicy dry
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Beta-Caryophyllene
Prodasynth
CARYOPHYLLENE, NATURAL
BETA > 90 (ALPHA+BETA > 95)
Odor: WOODY, SPICY, DRY, TENACIOUS
Flavor: DRY-WOODY, SOMEWHAT BITTER
Reincke & Fichtner
beta-Caryophyllene natural
Reincke & Fichtner
beta-Caryophyllene
Robertet
Caryophyllene nat
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Spicy, terpenic
Sigma-Aldrich
b-Caryophyllene, ≥80%, FCC, FG
Odor: spicy; woody
Certified Food Grade Products
Takasago
Caryophyllene
≥92% as beta-Caryophyllene, Biobased 100%
Odor: Woody-spicy, dry and tenacious
Use: Used in spice blends and citrus flavors, especially in chewing gum. Also used in soaps and detergents.
The Fragrance Museum
Taytonn
beta-Caryophyllene
Odor: Bread, Sweet
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
beta-Caryophyllene >90.0%(GC)
The John D. Walsh Company
Caryophyllene
Treatt
Caryophyllene Natural
Ultra International
beta-Caryophyllene 85 I 90 I 95%
Crop Calendar
Van Aroma
BETA CARYOPHYLLENE MIN 90%
Van Aroma
BETA CARYOPHYLLENE MIN 95%
Van Aroma
CLOVE TERPENES RE-DISTILLED BETA CARYOPHYLLENE MIN 85%
Odor: Woody, spicy, sweet
Vigon International
Caryophyllene Beta Natural
Odor: Sweet woody spice clove dry
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 38 - Irritating to skin.
R 65 - Harmful: may cause lung damage if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Acute toxicity, Oral (Category 4), H302
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H302 - Harmful if swallowed
Precautionary statement(s)
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 - Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P301 + P312 - IF SWALLOWED: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician IF you feel unwell.
P330 - Rinse mouth.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 [sex: M,F] > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested
(Hart & Wong, 1971)

intratracheal-rat LD > 48 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: PULMONARY EMBOLI
Archives of Toxicology. Vol. 59, Pg. 78, 1986.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for beta-caryophyllene usage levels up to:
  12.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 330.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 508.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -27.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -14.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -200.00000
condiments / relishes: -50.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -2.00000
fruit ices: -2.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -34.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System:Search
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):87-44-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5281515
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
(1R,4E,9S)-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylidenebicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene
Chemidplus:0000087445
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:DT8400000 for cas# 87-44-5
 
References:
 (1R,4E,9S)-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylidenebicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:87-44-5
Pubchem (cid):5281515
Pubchem (sid):134971569
Flavornet:87-44-5
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09629
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36792
FooDB:FDB015736
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
atractylis absolute
FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
amber
amber acetate
FR
amber carane
FR
amber cyclohexanol
FR
amber spirolene
FR
ambergris tincture
FL/FR
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
musk indenofuran
FR
anise
estragon absolute
FR
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
anisic
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
dihydroanethol
FL/FR
balsamic
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
1-
benzoyl acetone
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
clover nitrile
FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
khella oil
FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
myrrh resinoid
FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
valeriana wallichii root oil
FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
bitter
gentian absolute
FL/FR
buttery
acetoin
FL/FR
caramellic
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
maltol
FL/FR
chocolate
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
chocolate pyrazine A
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cassie absolute
FL/FR
cassis specialty
FR
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
floral undecenone
FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
leerall
FR
lilyall
FR
linalool
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
peony alcohol
FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
primrose fragrance
FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
rose concrete (rosa centifolia)
FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
violet methyl carbonate
FR
fruity
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl isobutyrate
FR
1-(3,3-
dimethyl bicyclo(2.2.1)hept-2-yl)-2-methyl cyclohex-3-ene carbaldehyde
FR
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
valeriana officinalis root extract
FL/FR
green
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
methyl cyclocitrone (IFF)
FR
narcissus flower absolute
FR
oakmoss oil
FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
hay
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
herbal
acorus calamus rhizome oil
FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
clary specialty
FR
costmary oil (chrysanthemum balsamita)
FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
herbal carene
FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nonisyl acetate
FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
laevo-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil
FR
common
tansy flower oil dutch
FR
minty
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
mossy
treemoss absolute
FR
veramoss (IFF)
FR
musk
dehydro beta-linalool
FL/FR
musk indanone
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
orris
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
peppery
asarum europaeum oil
FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
midnight passion fragrance
FR
saffron
saffron stigmates absolute
FR
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice oil
FL/FR
allspice oleoresin
FL/FR
anona squamosa leaf oil
FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
ayou wood oil
FR
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
calamus leaf oil
FR
carnation absolute
FR
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
caryophyllene
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cinnamomum culilawan bark oil
FR
cinnamomum culilawan leaf oil
FR
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil replacer
FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
clove leaf oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
dihydroeugenol
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
ethyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
green oxane
FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
FL/FR
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
machilus kusanoi leaf oil
FR
machilus kusanoi wood oil
FR
maja fragrance
FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl eugenol
FR
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
pepper hexanone
FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
pimenta officinalis fruit extract
FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
safrole
CS
spicy carbonate
FR
sugandha kokila berry oil
FR
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
juniper branch oil
FR
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
common
tansy oil canada
FR
tonka
coumarin
FR
deertongue absolute
FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanilla cresol
FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FL/FR
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
atlas
cedarwood absolute
FR
atlas
cedarwood oil
FR
cedarwood oil alcohols
FL/FR
cedrela wood oil
FR
cedrenyl acetate
FR
cedrol methyl ether
FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
dacrydium franklinii wood oil
FR
2-
decalinyl formate
FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil 20% in gurjun balsam oil
FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiene
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
hedychium spicatum root oil
FR
hinoki root oil
FR
jatamansi root oil
FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
labdanum concrete
FR
labdanum ethanone
FR
louro brasileiro wood oil
FR
para-
menth-3-en-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
methyl methylene tricyclodecanol
FR
methyl vetivate
FR
patchouli absolute
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli fractions
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
rhubarb oxirane
FR
sabinene
FL/FR
sandalwood oil west australia (santalum spicata)
FR
santal penten-2-ol
FR
santall
FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
thujopsis dolabrata wood oil
FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody ether
FR
woody propanol
FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
ambergris tincture
FL/FR
1-
benzoyl acetone
FL/FR
alpha-
caryophyllene alcohol
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene alcohol acetate
FL/FR
caryophyllene formate
FL/FR
cedarwood oil alcohols
FL/FR
chocolate pyrazine A
FL/FR
croton glabellus bark extract
FL/FR
dehydro beta-linalool
FL/FR
eugenyl formate
FL/FR
gentian absolute
FL/FR
grains of paradise oil
FL/FR
guaiyl acetate
FL/FR
laurus nobilis leaf oil turkey
FL/FR
para-
menth-3-en-1-ol
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
laevo-beta-
pinene
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
sodium ferulate
FL
spikenard oil
FL/FR
spikenard oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
nonanal (aldehyde C-9)
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
anise
sweet
fennel seed oil
FL/FR
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
opoponax absolute (balsamodendron kafal)
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
brown
beeswax absolute
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglic acid
FL/FR
burnt
4-iso
propyl phenol
FL/FR
camphoreous
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
geranic oxide
FL/FR
6-
hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
caramellic
maltol
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
blood
orange oil italy
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil
FL/FR
sweet
orange peel oil c.p. brazil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
4-
carvomenthenol
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
creamy
acetoin
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
10-
undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)
FL/FR
floral
iso
amyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geraniol
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
allyl cyclohexyl propionate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl acetate
FL/FR
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
gamma-
decalactone
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
valeriana officinalis root extract
FL/FR
grassy
palmarosa oil
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl alcohol
FL/FR
dextro-
dihydrocarvone
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
immortelle absolute
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
octanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
herbal
angelica seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
dihydroanethol
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
abrialis
lavandin oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute bulgaria
FL/FR
curled
parsley seed oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
petroselinum crispum seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
medicinal,
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
nutty
2-
acetyl furan
FL/FR
phenolic
2-
hydroxyisophorone
FL
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
pine
pine needle oil dwarf
FL/FR
beta-
pinene
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
smoky
2-
methoxy-4-vinyl phenol
FL/FR
prosopis juliflora wood extract
FL
solvent
methyl phenyl sulfide
FL
spicy
allspice berry absolute
FL/FR
allspice berry oil
FL/FR
allspice berry oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil
FL/FR
allspice leaf oil terpeneless
FL/FR
allspice oil
FL/FR
allspice oleoresin
FL/FR
artemisia dracunculus herb oil
FL/FR
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
benzylidene acetone
FL
caryophyllene
FL/FR
cascarilla oil replacer
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
cassia leaf oil
FL/FR
cassie absolute
FL/FR
chipotle chili distillates
FL
chipotle chili oleoresin
FL
cinnamon bark oil
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum) india
FL/FR
cinnamon bark oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon leaf oil ceylon
FL/FR
cinnamon oleoresin ceylon
FL/FR
clove bud absolute
FL/FR
clove bud oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
clove leaf oil
FL/FR
black
currant bud absolute
FL/FR
dihydroeugenol
FL/FR
elettaria cardamomum seed oil
FL/FR
ethyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenol
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
jalapeno oleoresin
FL
mace absolute
FL/FR
mace oil
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
myristica fragrans fruit extract
FL/FR
myristica fragrans seed tincture
FL/FR
nutmeg oil
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
white
pepper oleoresin
FL
pepper tree berry absolute
FL/FR
pepper tree berry oil
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propyl butyrate
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
piper longum fruit oil
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
turmeric oleoresin
FL
turmeric root absolute
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root extract
FL/FR
zingiber officinale root tincture
FL/FR
terpenic
para-
cymene
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
4-
methyl guaiacol
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanol
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
mimosa absolute
FL/FR
mimosa absolute france
FL/FR
mimosa absolute india
FL/FR
nonanol
FL/FR
woody
ambrette seed absolute
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isovalerate
FL/FR
beta-
caryophyllene oxide
FL/FR
curcuma zedoaria bark extract
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
frankincense oil
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
guaiacyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiene
FL/FR
juniper berry oleoresin
FL/FR
methyl cedryl ketone
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
sabinene
FL/FR
zedoary bark oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil
FL/FR
zedoary root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRacacia
FRagate
FRalmond
 angel
FRbalsam
FRbayberry
FL/FRbenzoin absolute replacer
FRbouquet
FL/FRcaraway seed
FRcarnation
FRcassia
FRchristmas
FRcinnamon
FRcitrus
FRclove
FRfloral
 florida breeze
FRforest
FRgreenhouse
FRherbal
FRhollyberry
FRhoneysuckle
 hovenia
 huile de mille fleurs
FRincense
 jockey club
FRmaja
 millefleurs
FRmint
FRmusk
FRnarcissus
FRoriental
FRpatchouli
FRpine forest
FRrose
FRsandalwood
FRspearmint
FRspice
FRspring rain
FRvanilla
 windsor soap
FRwisteria
FRwoody
FRylang ylang
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 abies holophylla
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 allamanda cathartica linn. flower oil brazil @ 15.70%
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 allspice fruit
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 allspice leaf
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 allspice leaf oil
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 allspice seed
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 amyris wood oil @ trace%
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 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.50%
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 anise seed
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 anise seed oil
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 anise seed oil star china @ 0.35%
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 anise star anise fruit
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 apple custard apple
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 apple custard apple leaf
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 armoise oil morocco @ 0.8%
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 ayou wood oil @ 0.60%
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 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 10.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil @ 0.10%
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 basil absolute sweet @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil leaf oil
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 basil oil
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 basil oil CO2 sweet @ 1.08%
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 basil oil sweet @ 48.70%
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 basil oil sweet egypt @ 1.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 1.42%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
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 basil shoot oil
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 bay laurel leaf
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.64-7.24%
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 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.6%
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 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.1%
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 bergamot mint oil @ <0.1-2.1%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.154-0.524%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bilberry leaf
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.026%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.014%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.021%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 blueberry fruit
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 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 1.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boronia absolute @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 burdock root
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 6.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil @ 1.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 2.5%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 4.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus rhizome oil @ 0.33%
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 camel grass oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga leaf oil @ 26.3%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cananga oil china @ 0.51%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 caraway seed
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 cardamom fruit oil
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 cardamom seed oil
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 carrot leaf oil @ 2.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
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 carrot seed
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 carrot seed oil @ 1.48%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 3.56%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.44-1.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot shoot
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 6.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia leaf
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 cassia leaf oil china @ 6.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia stem bark
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 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 2.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 2.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassis bud oil @ 1.20-4.98%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cayenne fruit
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 celery leaf oil
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 celery seed
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 celery seed oil
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 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 1.54%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil india @ 0.27%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile flower oil germany @ 0.09%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 chamomile oil morocco @ 1.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
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 champaca absolute (michelia alba dc.) @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 12.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 6.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum spp.
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 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) india @ 0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 1.00-2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 6.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 9.2-13.7%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.48%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon twig oil @ 0.73%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.44%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 1.65%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil france @ 1.40-1.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 1.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil sardinia @ 2.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 4.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clausena anisata hook. f. leaf oil @ 0.00-0.66%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clocimum oil india @ 4.32%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove bud oil @ 6.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove fruit
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 clove leaf
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 clove leaf oil @ 6.42%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 clove oil
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 clove stem oil india @ 6.57%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 copaiba balsam
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 coriander fruit
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 coriander oil
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 coriander seed oil
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 coriander seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.30%
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 coriander seed oil cuba @ 0.16%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 corn husk oil
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 corn leaf
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 corn root
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 cornmint leaf
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 cornmint plant
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 6.90%
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 cubeb oil @ 1.69%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed
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 cumin seed oil egypt @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed oil turkey @ 0.1%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 currant black currant fruit
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 currant black currant leaf
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 curry fruit oil india @ 3.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 4.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 1.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cypress oil @ 0.14-0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 dill oil
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 dill plant
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 elder black elder flower oil
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 elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil @ 17.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 erigeron graveolens l. oil iran @ 8.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eschweilera coriacea (a. p. dc.) mori flower oil brazil @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 16.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.99%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 1.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 eucalyptus viminalis labill. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 0.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fennel oil
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 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
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 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fig fruit
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 fig leaf
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 fig leaf oil
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.59%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.45%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium oil bourbon @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.39%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.11%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 3.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 0.07%
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 ginger oil
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 ginger root oil china @ 0.44%
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 ginger root oil CO2 extract @ 0.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.17%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.48%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.35%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 1.42%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guaiacwood oil @ 0.23%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit
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 guava fruit headspace reunion @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 24.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ 21.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava oil
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 guava pericarp oil
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 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 0.60%
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 1.85%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.28%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.52%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.05%
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 ho leaf oil @ 1.99%
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 0.02%
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 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 23.50-27.20%
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 hyssop flower
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 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop oil @ 1.4%
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 hyssop oil CO2 extract @ 4.2%
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 hyssop shoot
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 jambu flower oil brazil @ 8.80%
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 juniper needle oil @ 0.60%
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 kachur oil @ 0.50%
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 labdanum oil @ trace%
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 lallemantia peltata (l.) fisch. et mey. oil turkey @ 7.30%
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 laurel bark oil @ 0.7%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.40%
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 laurel stem oil @ 0.4%
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 laurel wood oil @ 0.7%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 6.03%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 2.73%
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 lavandula officinalis flower oil @ 2.40%
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 lavender
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 lavender flower oil lithuania @ 1.08%
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 lavender oil @ 2.67%
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 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 1.86%
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 lavender oil france @ 1.08%
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 lavender oil greece @ 2.15%
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 lavender oil spike @ 1.60%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 2.17%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.47%
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 lavender stem oil lithuania @ 1.15%
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 layana oil wild zimbabwe @ 0.50-2.30%
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 layana oil zimbabwe @ 1.2%
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 lemon balm shoot
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 lemon leaf oil
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.22%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 13.80%
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.4%
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 3.49%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.18%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.36%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.40%
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 lemongrass oil guatemala @ 2.20%
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 lemongrass oil yunnan @ 0.18%
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 lemongrass plant
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 lime fruit
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 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 1.46%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.60%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.42%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.3%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 5.00%
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 litsea cubeba oil china @ 0.17%
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 mace oil @ 0.10%
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 mace oil CO2 extract @ 0.20%
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ 0.08%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.06%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.06%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.08%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.10%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.01%
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 1.70%
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 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 0.50%
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 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 2.63%
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil @ 0.43%
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 marjoram oil spain @ 0.40%
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 3.11%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.10-2.00%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 3.90%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 1.73%
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 marjoram plant
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 marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil @ 15.10%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 5.10%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 2.30%
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 mastic oil @ 0.19%
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 melissa oil @ 4.95%
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 melissa oil slovak republic @ 4.20%
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 mentha longifolia (l.) huds. oil jordan @ 0.20%
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 michelia alba flower absolute @ 0.01%
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 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 11.80%
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 myristica fragrans fruit oil @ 0.20%
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 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 2.00%
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 myrtle lemon scented leaf oil australia @ 0.40%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.15%
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 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 2.70%
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 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.13%
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 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.07%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 1.30%
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 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 0.20%
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 nutmeg flower oil @ 0.10%
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 nutmeg leaf oil @ 0.00-0.07%
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 nutmeg oil
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 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 0.2%
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 nutmeg seed
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 nutmeg seed oil
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 oat seed
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 5.50%
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 orange fruit
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 orange oil c.p. brazil @ 0.02-0.04%
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 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ 0.10%
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.03%
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 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.07%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.014%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.014%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.016%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.021%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.022%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.02%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.02%
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 orange pericarp oil
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 oregano oil
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 oregano oil mexico @ 3.40%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 origanum oil greece @ 4.79%
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 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 52.90%
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 palmarosa oil @ 1.20%
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 papaya fruit
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 parsley fruit oil
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 parsley leaf
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 parsley leaf oil @ 0.02%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.24%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.05%
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 parsley seed
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 patchouli oil @ 20.64%
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 patchouli oil china @ 3.18%
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 pennyroyal oil @ 0.60%
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 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 2.49%
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 pennyroyal oil uruguay @ 0.90-1.40%
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 pepper
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 pepper bell pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper leaf oil
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 pepper black pepper oil
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 pepper black pepper seed
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 pepper black pepper seed oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 5.30%
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 2.02%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.47%
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 peppermint leaf
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 peppermint oil america @ 2.24%
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 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ 4.30%
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 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 6.40%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.16%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.90%
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 petitgrain lemon oil @ 2.08%
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 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.70%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.30%
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 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 8.70%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 1.15%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 1.00%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.02%
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 pimento berry oil @ 6.2%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ 5.2%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.40%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.4-0.9%
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 pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy @ 9.10%
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 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 10.50%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 2.90%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 1.20%
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 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 2.30%
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 pittosporum spp. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.70%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ trace%
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 pokeweed fruit
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 polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia @ 7.50%
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 pomelo
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 0.70%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 18.20%
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 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ 3.40%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 18.60%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 1.00%
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 pteronia oil @ 3.20%
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 rose absolute morocco @ 0.20%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.77%
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 roselle calyx
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 1.69%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 2.22%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 2.75%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-2.19%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 2.41-4.32%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 1.7%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 1.22%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 rue oil cuba @ 0.22%
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 rugula herb
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 safflower flower
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 safflower leaf
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 sage leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 0.70%
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 sage oil cuba @ 5.51%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.70%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.70%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 4.59%
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 sage oil england @ 0.70%
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 sage oil france @ 1.40%
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 sage oil germany @ 5.57%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 2.60%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 6.57%
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 sage oil reunion @ 0.60%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 4.60%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.2-3.7%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.8%
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 sage oil spain @ 3.30%
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 sage plant
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 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 16.30%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.80%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 4.90%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 5.51%
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 salvia officinalis oil reunion @ 1.32%
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 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 0.19%
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 salvia sclarea oil @ 1.83%
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 salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia @ 0.24%
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 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.27%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.20%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 3.60%
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 savin oil @ 0.96%
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 savory oil summer @ 2.36-2.86%
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 savory oil winter @ 2.30%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 2.30%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sideritis montana l. oil bulgaria @ 8.80%
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 sideritis scardica l. oil bulgaria @ 18.80%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint oil
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 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ 2.60%
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 7.40%
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 sundacarpus amarus (blume) c.n. page leaf oil australia @ 1.00%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 3.44%
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 tagete oil egypt @ 0.71%
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 tagete oil turkey @ 0.47%
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 tamarind fruit oil
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 tamarind seed oil
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 tanacetum annum l. oil marocco @ 1.70%
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 tangerine oil america @ 0.02%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ trace%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.70%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.30%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 1.20%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 7.60%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard cone oil italy @ 1.80%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 3.50%
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 tea leaf
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 tea tree oil australia @ 0.44%
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 thyme absolute @ trace%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 1.5%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 1.64%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract spain @ 1.9%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 2.38-4.28%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.12%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.36%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 7.00%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 6.90%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 13.80%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 2.19%
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 thyme plant
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 3.40%
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 tomato
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 1.20%
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 turmeric oil
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.63%
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.50%
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.90%
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 turmeric tuber
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.65%
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 vassoura oil @ 6.20%
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 verbena oil france @ 2.00%
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 water mint leaf
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 water mint shoot
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 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.21%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 2.09%
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 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 3.30%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 5.00-5.60%
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 wormwood oil america @ 1.44%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 1.63-10.87%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 6.29%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 0.66%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 0.5%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 2.74%
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 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.50%
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 yarrow oil @ 0.60%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.40%
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 yarrow oil hungary @ 11.90%
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 ylang ylang oil @ 1.69%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 3.96%
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 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 8.04%
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 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 12.90%
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 ylang ylang oil III @ 12.39%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.39-0.55%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.13-0.17%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.02-0.19%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 14.00%
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 zanthoxylum nitidum l. leaf oil australia @ 11.00%
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 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 7.50%
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Synonyms:
(E)-caryophyllene
 caryophyllene beta natural
 caryophyllene beta naturel
 caryophyllene extra natural
beta-caryophyllene FCC (natural)
beta-caryophyllene indonesia
b-caryophyllene natural
beta-caryophyllene natural
beta-caryophyllene synthetic
(1R-(1R*,4E,9S*))-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylene bicyclo(7.2.0)undec-4-ene
(1R-(1R*,4E,9S))-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylenebicyclo(7.2.0)undec-4-ene
(1R,4E,9S)-4,11,11-trimethyl-8-methylidenebicyclo[7.2.0]undec-4-ene
 

Articles:

PubMed:[Study of production of sesquiterpenes of Aquilaria senensis stimulated by Lasiodiplodia theobromae].
PubMed:Complex refractive indices in the near-ultraviolet spectral region of biogenic secondary organic aerosol aged with ammonia.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of Croton bonplandianus from India.
PubMed:Diurnal Variation of Essential of the Oil Components of Pycnocycla spinosa Decne. ex Boiss.
PubMed:Assessment of the antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of sesquiterpenic compounds in in vitro Caco-2 cell models.
PubMed:The Strained Sesquiterpene β-Caryophyllene as a Probe for the Solvent-Assisted Epoxidation Mechanism.
PubMed:Chemical composition and major odor-active compounds of essential oil from PINELLIA TUBER (dried rhizome of Pinellia ternata) as crude drug.
PubMed:Constituents of essential oils from the leaves, stem barks and resins of Canarium parvum Leen., and Canarium tramdenanum Dai et Yakovl. (Burseracea) grown in Vietnam.
PubMed:Chemotype diversity of indigenous Dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.) populations in Montenegro.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Carapa guianensis collected from Venezuelan Guayana and the antimicrobial activity of the oil and crude extracts.
PubMed:Ultrasound-assisted extraction and quantitation of oils from Syzygium aromaticum flower bud (clove) with supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Identification and characterization of (E)-β-caryophyllene synthase and α/β-pinene synthase potentially involved in constitutive and herbivore-induced terpene formation in cotton.
PubMed:Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed:Development of a high performance liquid chromatography method for quantification of isomers β-caryophyllene and α-humulene in copaiba oleoresin using the Box-Behnken design.
PubMed:Tomato yellow leaf curl virus alters the host preferences of its vector Bemisia tabaci.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of terpene synthases in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum).
PubMed:Essential oil compositions of Alphonsea philastreana (Pierre) Pierre ex Finet & Gagnep. and Alphonsea gaudichaudiana (Baill.) Finet & Gagnep. from Vietnam.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevis. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Phytochemical analysis, biological evaluation and micromorphological study of Stachys alopecuros (L.) Benth. subsp. divulsa (Ten.) Grande endemic to central Apennines, Italy.
PubMed:A comparative analysis of essential oils of Goniothalamus macrocalyx Ban., Goniothalamus albiflorus Ban. and Goniothalamus tamirensis Pierre ex Fin. & Gagnep. from Vietnam.
PubMed:Essential-oil composition of the Tunisian endemic cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L. var. numidica TRAB.).
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of three essential oils from Curcuma wenyujin.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed:Phytochemical diversity of Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. from Western Himalaya.
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Amomum biflorum.
PubMed:Essential oils from the leaves of six medicinal plants of Nigeria.
PubMed:Composition and in-vitro cytotoxic activities of the leaf essential oil of Beilschmiedia erythrophloia from Taiwan.
PubMed:Headspace, solid-phase micro-extraction, gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of terpenoids in the latex of Euphorbia species.
PubMed:Genetically engineered maize plants reveal distinct costs and benefits of constitutive volatile emissions in the field.
PubMed:Insecticidal and genotoxic activity of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (Fabaceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823.
PubMed:Caryophyllene-rich essential oil of Didymocarpus tomentosa: chemical composition and cytotoxic activity.
PubMed:Suites of terpene synthases explain differential terpenoid production in ginger and turmeric tissues.
PubMed:Antibacterial, allelopathic and antioxidant activities of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. growing wild in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco.
PubMed:Chemotaxonomical markers in essential oil of Murraya koenigii.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of Zingiber zerumbet var. darcyi.
PubMed:Mediation of a plant-spider association by specific volatile compounds.
PubMed:Headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with mass spectrometry as a powerful analytical tool for profiling the terpenoid metabolomic pattern of hop-essential oil derived from Saaz variety.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed:Constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Helichrysum armenium.
PubMed:The composition and antimicrobial activities of Cyperus conglomeratus, Desmos chinensis var. lawii and Cyathocalyx zeylanicus essential oils.
PubMed:The antioxidant effect of β-caryophyllene protects rat liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell activation.
PubMed:Natural product studies of U.S. endangered plants: volatile components of Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) repel mosquitoes and ticks.
PubMed:Temporal analysis of sesquiterpene emissions from manuka and phoebe oil lures and efficacy for attraction of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae).
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oils of Annona pickelii and Annona salzmannii (Annonaceae), and their antitumour and trypanocidal activities.
PubMed:The leaf essential oils of five Vietnamese Desmos species (Annonaceae).
PubMed:Determination of gas-phase ozonolysis rate coefficients of a number of sesquiterpenes at elevated temperatures using the relative rate method.
PubMed:Acaricidal activity and repellency of essential oil from Piper aduncum and its components against Tetranychus urticae.
PubMed:Origin of regioselectivity in α-humulene functionalization.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of two species of Protium from the Atlantic rainforest in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cupressus atlantica.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity studies on S. erianthum and S. macranthum essential oils.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in rodents of the essential oil of Peperomia serpens (Sw.) Loud.
PubMed:Chemical diversity in Mentha spicata: antioxidant and potato sprout inhibition activity of its essential oils.
PubMed:Contact toxicity, feeding reduction, and repellency of essential oils from three plants from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and their major components against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed:Comparative studies of volatile oil composition of Rhododendron anthopogon by hydrodistillation, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and head space analysis.
PubMed:RNA-seq discovery, functional characterization, and comparison of sesquiterpene synthases from Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum habrochaites trichomes.
PubMed:Attraction of the redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, to avocado, lychee, and essential oil Lures.
PubMed:Comparative study of volatile oil compositions of two Plectranthus species from northern India.
PubMed:A short-chain dehydrogenase involved in terpene metabolism from Zingiber zerumbet.
PubMed:Attraction and electroantennogram responses of male Mediterranean fruit fly to volatile chemicals from Persea, Litchi and Ficus wood.
PubMed:Genomic organization of δ-guaiene synthase genes in Aquilaria crassna and its possible use for the identification of Aquilaria species.
PubMed:The gas-phase ozonolysis of α-humulene.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil of Amsonia illustris.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Gnaphlium affine.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton and P. Wilson.
PubMed:Zerumbone induces heme oxygenase-1 expression in mouse skin and cultured murine epidermal cells through activation of Nrf2.
PubMed:2-undecanone rich leaf essential oil from Zanthoxylum armatum.
PubMed:Altered cross-linking of HSP27 by zerumbone as a novel strategy for overcoming HSP27-mediated radioresistance.
PubMed:Persistency assessment and aerobic biodegradation of selected cyclic sesquiterpenes present in essential oils.
PubMed:Oil constituents of Artemisia nilagirica var. septentrionalis growing at different altitudes.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oils of three species of Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) grown in Brazil.
PubMed:Efficient functional analysis system for cyanobacterial or plant cytochromes P450 involved in sesquiterpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf and twig oils of Litsea mushaensis and L. linii from Taiwan.
PubMed:Chemical investigation of the essential oil from berries and needles of common juniper (Juniperus communis L.) growing wild in Estonia.
PubMed:Validation of a gas chromatographic method to quantify sesquiterpenes in copaiba oils.
PubMed:GC-MS analysis of headspace and liquid extracts for metabolomic differentiation of citrus Huanglongbing and zinc deficiency in leaves of 'Valencia' sweet orange from commercial groves.
PubMed:Accumulation of phenylpropanoid and sesquiterpenoid volatiles in male rectal pheromonal glands of the guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta.
PubMed:Characterization of delta-guaiene synthases from cultured cells of Aquilaria, responsible for the formation of the sesquiterpenes in agarwood.
PubMed:Inhibitor and substrate activities of sesquiterpene olefins toward +-δ-cadinene-8-hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (CYP706B1).
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil and hexane extract of Salvia chionantha and their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities.
PubMed:Zingiber zerumbet CYP71BA1 catalyzes the conversion of α-humulene to 8-hydroxy-α-humulene in zerumbone biosynthesis.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of the essential oil of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng against Anopheles stephensi: a malarial vector mosquito.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of edible plant-derived essential oils against the pyrethroid-susceptible and -resistant strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activities of Santiria trimera (Burseraceae) essential oils from Gabon.
PubMed:Terpenoid composition of the essential oils of Teucrium royleanum and T. quadrifarium.
PubMed:Psychoactive plants described in a Brazilian literary work and their chemical compounds.
PubMed:Composition and immunotoxicity activity of essential oils from Lindera obtusiloba Blume against Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of the flower oil of Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb from Tunisia.
PubMed:Studies of a biochemical factory: tomato trichome deep expressed sequence tag sequencing and proteomics.
PubMed:Species-specific responses of pine sesquiterpene synthases to sawfly oviposition.
PubMed:Birch (Betula spp.) leaves adsorb and re-release volatiles specific to neighbouring plants--a mechanism for associational herbivore resistance?
PubMed:Chemical composition and evaluation of the anti-hypernociceptive effect of the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Ugni myricoides on inflammatory and neuropathic models of pain in mice.
PubMed:Essential oils from two Lantana species with antimycobacterial activity.
PubMed:In vitro cytotoxic effects of Senecio stabianus Lacaita (Asteraceae) on human cancer cell lines.
PubMed:Variations in essential oil, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity of tunisian cultivated Salvia officinalis L.
PubMed:Solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) in the early detection of potentially active volatile compounds from organic wastes used for the management of soil-borne pathogens.
PubMed:Protective Effects of the Essential Oil of Salvia fruticosa and Its Constituents on Astrocytic Susceptibility to Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Cell Death.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Cordia verbenacea extracts obtained by different methods.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf essential oil of Litsea nakaii from Taiwan.
PubMed:Identification, functional characterization and developmental regulation of sesquiterpene synthases from sunflower capitate glandular trichomes.
PubMed:Chemical composition and cytotoxic, mutagenic and genotoxic activities of the essential oil from Pipergaudichaudianum Kunth leaves.
PubMed:Constituents of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Moringa oleifera Lam., Heliotropium indicum L. and Bidens pilosa L. from Nigeria.
PubMed:The chemical composition of the essential oils of Euphorbia caracasana and E. cotinifolia (Euphorbiaceae) from Venezuela.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil obtained from roots and chemical composition of the volatile constituents from the roots, stems, and leaves of Ballota nigra from Serbia.
PubMed:Chemical and genetic relationships among sage ( Salvia officinalis L.) cultivars and Judean sage ( Salvia judaica Boiss.).
PubMed:Preventive and therapeutic anti-inflammatory properties of the sesquiterpene alpha-humulene in experimental airways allergic inflammation.
PubMed:Essential oil constituents of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. and Vernonia amygdalina Delile.
PubMed:GC-MS analysis and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Stachys cretica subsp. smyrnaea.
PubMed:Floral and insect-induced volatile formation in Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. petraea, a perennial, outcrossing relative of A. thaliana.
PubMed:Evolution of volatile compounds during the development of cabernet sauvignon grapes (Vitis vinifera L.).
PubMed:Chemical composition and mechanisms underlying the spasmolytic and bronchodilatory properties of the essential oil of Nepeta cataria L.
PubMed:Zerumbone down-regulates chemokine receptor CXCR4 expression leading to inhibition of CXCL12-induced invasion of breast and pancreatic tumor cells.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the sesquiterpene alpha-humulene in mice.
PubMed:Efficient synthesis of functional isoprenoids from acetoacetate through metabolic pathway-engineered Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed:Does egg deposition by herbivorous pine sawflies affect transcription of sesquiterpene synthases in pine?
PubMed:Development of a host-based semiochemical lure for trapping emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae).
PubMed:Molecular cloning and functional characterization of alpha-humulene synthase, a possible key enzyme of zerumbone biosynthesis in shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet Smith).
PubMed:Effects of cis-beta-ocimene, cis-sabinene hydrate, and monoterpene and sesquiterpene mixtures on alfalfa pellet intake by lambs.
PubMed:Content, composition, and bioactivity of the essential oils of three basil genotypes as a function of harvesting.
PubMed:GC/MS of terpenes in walnut-tree leaves after accelerated solvent extraction.
PubMed:Potentiating effect of beta-caryophyllene on anticancer activity of alpha-humulene, isocaryophyllene and paclitaxel.
PubMed:Cytotoxic activity of essential oils from labiatae and lauraceae families against in vitro human tumor models.
PubMed:Volatile chemical constituents of Piper aduncum L and Piper gibbilimbum C. DC (Piperaceae) from Papua New Guinea.
PubMed:Bioactive constituents of the roots of Polyalthia cerasoides.
PubMed:Chemotherapeutic potential of the volatile oils from Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam leaves.
PubMed:Jacaranone: a cytotoxic constituent from Senecio ambiguus subsp. ambiguus (biv.) DC. against renal adenocarcinoma ACHN and prostate carcinoma LNCaP cells.
PubMed:[Extraction and identification of volatile constituents in the flowers of Aglaia odorata Lour].
PubMed:[Roles of infochemicals in host-selection process of Anastatus japonicus].
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory effects of compounds alpha-humulene and (-)-trans-caryophyllene isolated from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea.
PubMed:The rice (E)-beta-caryophyllene synthase (OsTPS3) accounts for the major inducible volatile sesquiterpenes.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. aerial parts.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Effect of two active compounds obtained from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea on the acute inflammatory responses elicited by LPS in the rat paw.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of copaiba oils from Copaifera cearensis Huber ex Ducke, Copaifera reticulata Ducke and Copaifera multijuga Hayne--a comparative study.
PubMed:Analysis of aromatic and terpenic constituents of pepper extracts by capillary electrochromatography.
PubMed:Zerumbone suppresses phorbol ester-induced expression of multiple scavenger receptor genes in THP-1 human monocytic cells.
PubMed:Induction of plant volatiles by herbivores with different feeding habits and the effects of induced defenses on host-plant selection by thrips.
PubMed:Composition and cytotoxic activity of the leaf essential oil of Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coulter.
PubMed:Essential oil from two populations of Echinodorus grandiflorus Micheli.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties of the essential oil and active compounds from Cordia verbenacea.
PubMed:Caryophyllene-rich rhizome oil of Zingiber nimmonii from South India: Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of clove leaf essential oil.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of aromatic and terpenic constituents of cloves by means of HPLC with diode array detection.
PubMed:Isolation of Seseli bocconi Guss., subsp. praecox Gamisans (Apiaceae) volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Composition and antibacterial activity of Abies balsamea essential oil.
PubMed:Analysis of atmospheric sesquiterpenes: sampling losses and mitigation of ozone interferences.
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oil from the leaves of Sesuvium portulacastrum.
PubMed:Essential oil analysis and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Croton flavens L. from Guadeloupe.
PubMed:Traceability of Asiago mountain cheese: a rapid, low-cost analytical procedure for its identification based on solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of mosquito bite deterrent terpenoids from leaves of American (Callicarpa americana) and Japanese (Callicarpa japonica) beautyberry.
PubMed:Zerumbone abolishes NF-kappaB and IkappaBalpha kinase activation leading to suppression of antiapoptotic and metastatic gene expression, upregulation of apoptosis, and downregulation of invasion.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia lavandulaefolia.
PubMed:Changes in anatomy and terpene chemistry in roots of Douglas-fir seedlings following treatment with methyl jasmonate.
PubMed:Analysis of leaf surface sesquiterpenes in potato varieties.
PubMed:Regulation of interleukin-8 secretion in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells by alpha-humulene.
PubMed:Isogermacrene A, a proposed intermediate in sesquiterpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of the essential oils from Eupatorium betonicaeforme (D.C.) Baker (Asteraceae).
PubMed:Zerumbone, a tropical ginger sesquiterpene, activates phase II drug metabolizing enzymes.
PubMed:[The crop-producing power and chemical composition of the essential oil of the cones of hop cultivars].
PubMed:Characterization of carrot root oil arising from supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Essential oil of Valeriana officinalis L. cultivars and their antimicrobial activity as influenced by harvesting time under commercial organic cultivation.
PubMed:Evaluation of toxic/protective effects of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis on freshly isolated rat hepatocytes.
PubMed:Antennal responses to floral scents in the butterfly Heliconius melpomene.
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oils from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed:Ovicidal and adulticidal effects of Eugenia caryophyllata bud and leaf oil compounds on Pediculus capitis.
PubMed:Antitumor activity of balsam fir oil: production of reactive oxygen species induced by alpha-humulene as possible mechanism of action.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds from the chopped leaves of three species of Eucalyptus.
PubMed:Essential oils produced by in vitro shoots of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).
PubMed:Essential oil from fruit of Peucedanum tauricum Bieb.
PubMed:Induction of volatile emissions in maize by different larval instars of Spodoptera littoralis.
PubMed:Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of the essential oil from Aristolochia indica.
PubMed:(+)-(10R)-Germacrene A synthase from goldenrod, Solidago canadensis; cDNA isolation, bacterial expression and functional analysis.
PubMed:Zerumbone, a Southeast Asian ginger sesquiterpene, markedly suppresses free radical generation, proinflammatory protein production, and cancer cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis: the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group is a prerequisite.
PubMed:[New data on composition of esssential oil from inflorescence of everlasting (Helichrysum arenarium(L.) Moench.)].
PubMed:Essential oil from herb and rhizome of Peucedanum ostruthium (L. Koch.) ex DC.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of aroma compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) cultivars by capillary gas chromatography using large-volume injection technique.
PubMed:Exogenous methyl jasmonate induces volatile emissions in cotton plants.
PubMed:Attraction of a leaf beetle (Oreina cacaliae) to damaged host plants.
PubMed:Organ- and season-dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites.
PubMed:Genetic control and evolution of sesquiterpene biosynthesis in Lycopersicon esculentum and L. hirsutum.
PubMed:Inter-population differences in the essential oils of Pinus caribaea needles.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of volatile constituents of Eugenia dysenterica leaf oil.
PubMed:A biomimetic synthesis of lucidene.
PubMed:Composition and some biological activities of the essential oil of Callicarpa americana (L.).
PubMed:Aroma-active compounds of miniature beefsteakplant (Mosla dianthera Maxim).
PubMed:Effect of individual terpenes on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:Dynamics of yield components and essential oil production in a commercial hybrid sage (Salvia officinalis x Salvia fruticosa cv. Newe Ya'ar no. 4).
PubMed:Identification of zerumbone in Zingiber zerumbet Smith as a potent inhibitor of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced Epstein-Barr virus activation.
PubMed:Germacrene C synthase from Lycopersicon esculentum cv. VFNT cherry tomato: cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of the multiple product sesquiterpene cyclase.
PubMed:Behavioral response of femaleHelicoverpa (Heliothis)armigera HB. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) moths to synthetic pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) kairomone.
PubMed:Sesquiterpenes in the frontal gland secretions of nasute soldier termites from New Guinea.
PubMed:Sesquiterpenes from clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) as potential anticarcinogenic agents.
PubMed:[Miscellaneous contributions to the essential oils of plants from various territories. LI. On the components of essential oils of Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC].
PubMed:Chemical constituents and inhibitory activities of essential oils fromCyperus brevifolius andC. kyllingia.
PubMed:Toxicity studies on clove cigarette smoke and constituents of clove: determination of the LD50 of eugenol by intratracheal instillation in rats and hamsters.
PubMed:Multichemical defense of plant bugHotea gambiae (westwood) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) : Sesquiterpenoids from abdominal gland in larvae.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of cotton synomones mediating searching behavior by parasitoidCampoletis sonorensis.
PubMed:[Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons from grapes (author's transl)].
 
Notes:
Constit. of clove, cinnamon, mint, eucalyptus, thyme, lemon balm and many other oils. The main source is the clove tree Eugenia caryophyllata. Flavouring agent
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