EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

pennyroyal oil
volatile oil obtained from the leaves of the pennyroyal, mentha pulegium l., labiatae

Sponsors

Name:mentha pulegium l. herb oil
CAS Number: 8013-99-8
FDA UNII:AK85U7Y3MV
Also Contains:hedeoma pulegioides herb extract america
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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FEMA Number:2839 pennyroyal oil
FDA Mainterm: PENNYROYAL, OIL, EUROPEAN (MENTHA PULEGIUM L.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.510 Natural flavoring substances and natural substances used in conjunction with flavors.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow green clear oily liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.93000 to 0.94400 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.739 to 7.855
Refractive Index:1.48000 to 1.49000 @ 20.00 °C.
Flash Point: 212.00 °F. TCC ( 100.00 °C. )
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 173.7 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 alkali
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 1.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:168 hour(s) at 100.00 %
peppermint rosemary herbal woody bitter
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. peppermint rosemary herbal woody bitter
Luebke, William tgsc, (1995)
Odor sample from: The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
Flavor Type: minty
">pennyroyal
Taste Description: pennyroyal
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Augustus Oils
Pennyroyal Oils
Services
Berjé
Pennyroyal Oil
Happening at Berje
Biolandes Parfumerie
Mint Pouliot Oil Morocco
Odor: top-note, middle-note / mint, fresh
Photo Gallery
Bristol Botanicals
Pennyroyal essential oil Mentha pulegium, France
CG Herbals
Pennyroyal Oil Pure - 300114
Charabot
Pennyroyal oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Aromatic, minty, fresh, spicy
Elixens America
Pennyroyal Essential Oil Morocco
100% Pure and Natural
Ernesto Ventós
PENNYROYAL OIL
Odor: MINT-LIKE, BITTER
Excellentia International
Pennyroyal Oil
Fleurchem
pennyroyal oil
George Uhe Company
Pennyroyal Oil
Available in FCC
Hermitage Oils
Penny Royal ORGANIC Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Adam Michael has this to say “So why sell penny royal? This would be a fair question. First of all the key chemical that causes great concern is called ‘pulegone’ which is a monoterpene ketone that is actually a starting material for the manufacture of synthetic menthol but more importantly when ingested in high doses has been proven to cause severe toxicity and in extreme cases death. Most books and papers state penny royal essential oil contains at least 60% ‘pulegone’, (Barnes et al., 2002). The penny royal essential oil we are offering here contains 1.6% pulegone, I confirm again – 1.6% pulegone, that is less than what is found in peppermint oil – Mentha pipperita (about 4%). I’d also just like to address American penny royal – this is likely to be – Hedeoma pulegioides, smell has similarities but is extremely bitter in comparison.
The Vault
Indenta Group
Pennyroyal Oil
Indukern F&F
PENNYROYAL OIL
Odor: FRESH, HERBAL, MENTHOLATED
Jiangyin Healthway
Pennyroyal Oil
New functional food ingredients
Kanta Enterprises
Pennyroyal Oil
Liberty Natural Products
PENNYROYAL MOROCCO
Lluch Essence
PENNYROYAL OIL
Moellhausen
PENNYROYAL EO
Odor: fresh, menthol, herbaceous, pulegone
Flavor: herbaceous, menthol
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Pennyroyal Oil
Penta International
PENNYROYAL OIL, Kosher
PerfumersWorld
Pennyroyal Oil
Odor: peppermint herbal woody bitter rosemary slightly sulfurous
Prodasynth
PENNYROYAL OIL
PULEGONE CONTENT > 82
Odor: MINT-LIKE, BITTER
Flavor: HERBACEOUS
Reincke & Fichtner
Pennyroyal Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Pennyroyal Oil
Robertet
Pennyroyal oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Aromatic, minty, fresh, spicy
SRS Aromatics
PENNYROYAL HEART
The John D. Walsh Company
Pennyroyal Oil
The Lebermuth Company
Pennyroyal Tunisian
Odor: Mint-like
Treatt
Pennyroyal Oil
Ungerer & Company
Pennyroyal Oil European FCC
White Lotus Aromatics
Pennyroyal essential oil
Odor: strong, fresh, menthol, herbaceous
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
(E)-2-hexen-1-al Max. Found: trace to <0.10 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for pennyroyal oil usage levels up to:
  1.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 20.0000024.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 1.500005.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -3.70000
fruit ices: -3.70000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -14.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8013-99-8
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
mentha pulegium l. herb oil
Chemidplus:0008013998
 
References:
 mentha pulegium l. herb oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8013-99-8
Pubchem (sid):135286596
 
Other Information:
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.29.6000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
camel grass oil
FR
cyclopentanone
FL/FR
laevo-mono
menthyl glutarate
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
pinocarvone
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
amber
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
animal
1-oxa
spiro-4,7-dodecane
FR
anisic
estragole
FL/FR
balsamic
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
cedar forest fragrance
FR
conifer acetate
FR
camphoreous
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
herbal ethanone
FR
thujyl alcohol
FL/FR
citrus
neroli ketone
FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
lemon scented
tea tree oil
FR
earthy
3-
octanol
FL/FR
2-
octanone
FL/FR
patchouli cyclohexanol
FR
floral
bigarade oxide
FR
cassis oxime 10%
FR
citronellal diisotridecyl acetal
FR
citronellyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citronellyl valerate
FL/FR
citrus propanol
FR
cyclohexyl ethyl acetate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl propanol
FR
2-
decalinol
FR
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydroisojasmonate methyl ester
FR
2',4'-
dimethyl acetophenone
FL/FR
earthy indane
FR
ethyl safranate
FR
floral methanol
FR
geranium oil china
FL/FR
geranium oil morocco
FL/FR
karo karounde absolute
FR
menthadienyl formate
FR
muguet butanol
FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil terpeneless
FL/FR
sambucus nigra flower oil CO2 extract
FR
5-
tricyclodecenyl acetate
FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
lilac lactone
FL/FR
green
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
dicyclopentadiene propionate
FR
geranium absolute
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
hay
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
herbal
1-
allyl-2,2,7,7-tetramethyl cycloheptanol
FR
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
artemisia vestita wall. leaf oil
FR
artemisyl ketone
FL/FR
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
calamintha clinopodium oil
FR
cardamom liquid resin
FR
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
costmary oil (chrysanthemum balsamita)
FR
2-
cyclohexyl cyclohexanone
FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
iso
dihydrolavandulol
FR
(Z)-iso
dihydrolavandulyl acetate
FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
2,10-
epoxypinane
FR
geranium concrete
FL/FR
geranyl octanoate
FL/FR
hedeoma pulegioides herb extract america
FR
herbal undecanol
FR
herbal undecanone
FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron cajaputi oil
FL/FR
para-
menthane-3,8-diol
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
pine hexanol
FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
D-(+)-alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
piperitone
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
common
tansy flower oil
FR
common
tansy flower oil dutch
FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
mentholic
cornmint oil
FL/FR
cornmint oil india
FL/FR
cornmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-neo
menthol
FL/FR
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
dextro-neo
menthol
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
neoiso
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-iso
menthone
FL/FR
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
dextro-
piperitone
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
agathosma crenulata leaf oil
FL/FR
laevo-
carveol
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
carvone
FL/FR
cis-
carvone-5,6-oxide
FL/FR
carvyl propionate
FL/FR
cyclohexanone
FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
diosphenol
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
bitter
fennel seed oil
FR
mentha pulegium extract
FR
mentha pulegium herb extract
FR
mentha pulegium herb tincture
FR
dextro-2,8-para-
menthadien-1-ol
FL/FR
trans-para-2,8-1-
menthadienol
FL/FR
trans-para-
menthan-2-one
FL/FR
homo
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-
menthone
FL/FR
(-)-
menthone
FL/FR
menthoxypropane diol
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
methyl cyclohexanone
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
pennyroyal herb oil america
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil cuba
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil spain
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil terpenes
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil uruguay
FL/FR
peppermint oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
peppermint oil mongolia
FL/FR
peppermint oil russia
FL/FR
peppermint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
piperitenone
FL/FR
laevo-
piperitone
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
iso
pulegone
FL/FR
(R)-(+)-
pulegone
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
spearmint oil america
FL/FR
spearmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
vanillin menthoxypropane diol acetal
FL/FR
wintergreen oil
FL/FR
WS-23
FL/FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
orris
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
spicy
bayberry fragrance
FR
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
N,N-
diethyl octanamide
FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
laevo-
verbenone
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
cedarleaf oil western red
FR
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
common
tansy oil canada
FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
woody
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
para-tert-
butyl cyclohexanone
FR
cadinene
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
camphene
FL/FR
cypress essence
FR
dalbergia sissoo leaf oil
FR
dihydro-alpha-terpinyl acetate
FR
fougere woody fragrance
FR
laitone
FR
manevoro oil
FR
marine formate
FR
melaleuca bracteata leaf oil
FR
patchouli ethanol
FR
patchouli hexanol
FR
cis-2-
pinanol
FR
polylimonene
FL/FR
santol pentenol
FR
tetrahydromugol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
angelica archangelica root extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root tincture
FL/FR
angelica archangelica root water
FL/FR
artemisyl ketone
FL/FR
bornyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
bornyl butyrate
FL/FR
(+)-
camphene
FL/FR
laevo-
carveol
FL/FR
carvone
FL/FR
carvyl propionate
FL/FR
citronellyl isovalerate
FL/FR
citronellyl valerate
FL/FR
cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2',4'-
dimethyl acetophenone
FL/FR
(±)-N,N-
dimethyl menthyl succinamide
FL
diosphenol
FL/FR
geranyl octanoate
FL/FR
lilac lactone
FL/FR
limonen-10-yl acetate
FL
melaleuca leucadendron cajaputi oil
FL/FR
dextro-2,8-para-
menthadien-1-ol
FL/FR
cis+trans-para-1(7)8-
menthadien-2-yl acetate
FL
trans-para-2,8-1-
menthadienol
FL/FR
para-
menthane-3,8-diol
FL/FR
neoiso
menthol
FL/FR
dextro,laevo-neo
menthol
FL/FR
3-laevo-
menthoxy-2-methyl propane-1,2-diol
FL
menthoxypropane diol
FL/FR
menthyl acetate racemic
FL/FR
laevo-mono
menthyl glutarate
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl methyl ether
FL/FR
menthyl propylene glycol carbonate
FL
2-
methyl butyl salicylate
FL/FR
2-
methyl cyclohexanone
FL/FR
1-
methyl pyrrole
FL
beta-
phellandrene
FL/FR
(Z,Z)-
photocitral A
FL
D-(+)-alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
pinocarvone
FL/FR
piperitenone
FL/FR
piperitenone oxide
FL
polylimonene
FL/FR
4-iso
propyl-2-cyclohexenone
FL/FR
iso
pulegone
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
vanillin menthoxypropane diol acetal
FL/FR
laevo-
verbenone
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
woody ketone
FL/FR
menthyl methyl lactate
FL
thujyl alcohol
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
iso
butyraldehyde
FL/FR
alliaceous
benzyl mercaptan
FL
aromatic
laevo-
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
bornyl propionate
FL/FR
camphoreous
dextro,laevo-iso
borneol
FL/FR
camphene
FL/FR
camphor tree bark oil
FL/FR
pinocarveol
FL/FR
citrus
petitgrain bigarade oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil terpeneless
FL/FR
coffee
2-iso
propyl pyrazine
FL
cooling
1,4-
cineole
FL/FR
iso
menthol
FL
dextro,laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
laevo-
menthol
FL/FR
homo
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
sabinene hydrate
FL/FR
WS-5
FL
dairy
2-
octanone
FL/FR
floral
dihydrocarvyl acetate
FL/FR
geranium oil china
FL/FR
geranium oil morocco
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil I
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil II
FL/FR
ylang ylang flower oil III
FL/FR
fruity
3-
benzyl-4-heptanone
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
bitter
orange peel oil brazil
FL/FR
grassy
tobacco leaf absolute
FL/FR
green
iso
cyclocitral (IFF)
FL/FR
cyclohexyl ethyl acetate
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
geranium absolute
FL/FR
para-
methyl hydratropaldehyde
FL/FR
ocimene quintoxide
FL/FR
3-
octyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
herbal
2-
acetoxy-1,8-cineole
FL
angelica archangelica seed extract
FL/FR
barosma betulina leaf oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil
FL/FR
dill seed oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
geranium concrete
FL/FR
hyssop oil
FL/FR
immortelle flower oil
FL/FR
lavandin water absolute
FL/FR
rosemary absolute
FL/FR
rosemary oil morocco
FL/FR
thyme oil wild or creeping
FL/FR
licorice
sweet
basil oleoresin
FL/FR
estragole
FL/FR
meaty
2-
methyl 3-(methyl thio) furan
FL
medicinal
dextro-
camphor
FL/FR
mentholic
cornmint oil
FL/FR
cornmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
dextro-neo
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-
menthol
FL/FR
peppermint cyclohexanone
FL/FR
minty
agathosma crenulata leaf oil
FL/FR
laevo-
carvone
FL/FR
cis-
carvone-5,6-oxide
FL/FR
cornmint oil india
FL/FR
ethyl salicylate
FL/FR
trans-para-
menthan-2-one
FL/FR
homo
menthol
FL/FR
(±)-iso
menthone
FL/FR
(-)-
menthone
FL/FR
(±)-
menthone
FL/FR
laevo-
menthyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl salicylate
FL/FR
myrtenol
FL/FR
pennyroyal herb oil america
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil cuba
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil fractions
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil spain
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil terpenes
FL/FR
pennyroyal oil uruguay
FL/FR
peppermint oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
peppermint oil idaho
FL/FR
peppermint oil mongolia
FL/FR
peppermint oil russia
FL/FR
peppermint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
piperitone
FL/FR
laevo-
piperitone
FL/FR
dextro-
piperitone
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(R)-(+)-
pulegone
FL/FR
spearmint absolute
FL/FR
spearmint oil america
FL/FR
spearmint oil terpeneless
FL/FR
tetrahydrocarvone
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
wintergreen oil
FL/FR
WS-23
FL/FR
musk
angelica root absolute
FL/FR
musty
3-
octanol
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamon acrolein
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
4-
methyl biphenyl
FL
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
black
pepper oil
FL/FR
white
pepper oil
FL/FR
black
pepper oleoresin
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
para-iso
propyl acetophenone
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
thujonic
common
tansy flower oil argentina
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
woody
iso
bornyl formate
FL/FR
cadinene
FL/FR
dehydroxylinalool oxide
FL/FR
myrcene
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FL/FReucalyptus
FRherbal
FRmint
FL/FRpennyroyal
FRpeppermint
FRrosemary
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 pennyroyal
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Synonyms:
 hedeoma oil (mentha pulegium)
 mentha pulegium herb oil
 mint (pennyroyal)
 mint pouliot oil morocco
 pennyroyal EO
 pennyroyal oil
 pennyroyal oil european FCC
 pulegium oil
 volatile oil obtained from the leaves of the pennyroyal, mentha pulegium l., labiatae
 

Articles:

PubMed:Development of new active packaging film made from a soluble soybean polysaccharide incorporated Zataria multiflora Boiss and Mentha pulegium essential oils.
PubMed:Nematicidal activity of mint aqueous extracts against the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita.
PubMed:Characterization of soluble soybean polysaccharide film incorporated essential oil intended for food packaging.
PubMed:Physical, mechanical and barrier properties of corn starch films incorporated with plant essential oils.
PubMed:Increased seizure latency and decreased severity of pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in mice after essential oil administration.
PubMed:Relaxant effects of the essential oil of Mentha pulegium L. in rat isolated trachea and urinary bladder.
PubMed:Extraction of volatile oil from aromatic plants with supercritical carbon dioxide: experiments and modeling.
PubMed:Anthelmintic effect of Mentha spp. essential oils on Echinococcus granulosus protoscoleces and metacestodes.
PubMed:Classification of Greek Mentha pulegium L. (Pennyroyal) samples, according to geographical location by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy.
PubMed:The antioxidative effect of Iranian Mentha pulegium extracts and essential oil in sunflower oil.
PubMed:Nematicidal activity of essential oils and volatiles derived from Portuguese aromatic flora against the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus.
PubMed:Repellent activity of plant-derived compounds against Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae) nymphs.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of pulegone in pennyroyal oil by FT-IR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Antibacterial effects of Iranian Mentha pulegium essential oil on isolates of Klebsiella sp.
PubMed:Mode of action and variability in efficacy of plant essential oils showing toxicity against the poultry red mite, Dermanyssus gallinae.
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of Mentha pulegium L. essential oil.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Mentha pulegium L. essential oil.
PubMed:Microwave hydrodiffusion and gravity, a new technique for extraction of essential oils.
PubMed:Insecticidal properties of several essential oils on the house fly (Musca domestica L.).
PubMed:Fumigant and repellent properties of essential oils and component compounds against permethrin-resistant Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae) from Argentina.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of the essential oil of Mentha pulegium on the isolated rat myometrium.
PubMed:Mitigation of pennyroyal oil hepatotoxicity in the mouse.
PubMed:Demonstration that menthofuran synthase of mint (Mentha) is a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase: cloning, functional expression, and characterization of the responsible gene.
PubMed:[Determination of pulegone in the essential oil of Mentha pulegium L. from Chile].
PubMed:Demonstration that limonene is the first cyclic intermediate in the biosynthesis of oxygenated p-menthane monoterpenes in Mentha piperita and other Mentha species.
 
Notes:
tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. mentha pulegium, labiatae.
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