carvone
DL-carvone
 
Notes:
an oxidized derivative of limonene; l-carvone has spearmint flavor, d-carvone has dill/caraway flavor. Flavouring ingredient
  • Axxence Aromatic
    • Axxence Aromatic GmbH
      We bring nature to your flavour
      Dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients.
      Axxence Aromatic is entirely dedicated to provide the best possible quality and supply service of natural aroma ingredients to the Flavour & Fragrance Industry worldwide.
      Email: Service
      Voice: +49.2822.68561.0
      Fax: +49.2822.68561.39
      Sustainability
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      224900 D-CARVONE Natural
       
  • Jiangyin Healthway
    • Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co.
      Independent Ingredients Supplier
      We provide custom synthesis and contract manufacturing from milligrams to metric tonnes.
      Jiangyin Healthway International Trade Co., Ltd is a professional company, main engaged in manufacturing and exporting aroma chemicals ,food additives , cosmetic ingredient ,pharmaceutical intermediates & other fine chemicals; especially on aroma chemicals , as the major manufacturer of heterocyclic and sulphur aroma compounds , we are the leading independent ingredients supplier to the flavour and fragrance industries in China, can offer hundreds of different high quality aroma chemicals.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: 86-510-86023169
      Fax: 86-510-86023170
      Mobile0086-13093133011
      Services
      Biochemical
      Natural Food Colour
      New functional food ingredients
      Product(s):
      HLW-FC056 Carvone
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
      Linkedin
      Product(s):
      laevo-CARVONE NATURAL
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
2-methyl-5-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohex-2-en-1-one (Click)
CAS Number: 99-49-0Picture of molecule
Other: 22327-39-5
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-759-5
FDA UNII: 75GK9XIA8I
Nikkaji Web: J4.522E
Beilstein Number: 1364206
CoE Number: 146
XlogP3-AA: 2.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 150.22078000
Formula: C10 H14 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
JECFA Food Flavoring: 2245  carvone
Flavis Number: 07.012 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 07.012  carvone
FEMA Number: 2249  carvone
FDA Mainterm: CARVONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.60 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 231.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 137.00 to  138.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.160000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 192.00 °F. TCC ( 88.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.070
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 1300 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
Odor Strength: medium
 minty  licorice  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
minty licorice
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Axxence Aromatic
D-CARVONE Natural
Sustainability
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
2-Methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one
Indenta Group
Carvone
Jiangyin Healthway
Carvone
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
laevo-CARVONE NATURAL
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  1640 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

oral-guinea pig LD50  766 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

Dermal Toxicity:
subcutaneous-mouse LD50 2675 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: ANTICONVULSANT BEHAVIORAL: SLEEP
Journal of the American Pharmaceutical Association, Scientific Edition. Vol. 46, Pg. 77, 1957.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.08 % (1)
Category 2:  0.10 %
Category 3:  0.40 %
Category 4:  1.20 %
Category 5:  0.60 %
Category 6:  1.90 % (1)
Category 7:  0.20 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3. Update in publication number(s): 26
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 94.00000116.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 34.00000850.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 126.00000145.00000
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: 0.200000.20000
chewing gum: 10000.0000020000.00000
condiments / relishes: 50.0000060.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 150.00000197.00000
fruit ices: --
gelatins / puddings: 87.0000090.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 5000.0000010000.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: 0.100000.10000
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: 5000.0000010000.00000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of alicyclic substances used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Scientific Opinion on the safety assessment of carvone, considering all sources of exposure
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 99-49-0
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 7439
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: 1
 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
Chemidplus: 0000099490
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Leffingwell: chirality
 2-methyl-5-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 99-49-0
Pubchem (cid): 7439
Pubchem (sid): 134971746
Flavornet: 99-49-0
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35824
FooDB: FDB014614
Haz-Map: View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Formulations/Preparations:
•assay: 97% min (as ketone content) l-form; 95% min d-form •grades: fcc (both d- & l-forms); technical d- & l-form •the proportion of carvone in herb oil has been reported to vary from 6 to 44%, depending on the geographical origin while the amount of carvone in the oil of dill seeds is more constant, 40-55% •the main constituentof caraway oilis d-carvone (60-70%) •the main constituentof spearmint oilis 1-carvone (ca 50-70%)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
None Found
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.000-trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway oil
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway plant
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed oil @ 52.30-54.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot weed oil @ 8.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cayenne fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil india @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 cistus oil @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove plant
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint oil india @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 costmary oil @ 51.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill root
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill weed oil cuba @ 14.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 gingergrass oil @ 3.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 1.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 kewda oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil china @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 levisticum officinale flower oil @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 levisticum officinale seed oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.02-0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.00-0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.15-0.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 1.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil uruguay @ 0.20-2.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta leaf oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search  Picture
 rosemary leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary oil egypt @ 1.67%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rugula herb
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil cuba @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory winter savory plant
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil america @ 65.79-71.62%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint plant
Search Trop  Picture
 tansy flower oil canada @ 0.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil canada @ 6.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thyme absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme plant
Search Trop  Picture
 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tsauri grass oil @ 4.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 2.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 water mint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil america @ 2.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil spain @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormseed oil spain @ 2.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil italy @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yarrow leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.01-0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 zingiber officinale root oil china @ 0.26%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
DL-carvone
D-carvone natural
2-cyclohexen-1-one, 2-methyl-5-(1-methylethenyl)-
delta-p-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
delta-para-mentha-1(6),8-dien-2-one
p-mentha-6,8-dien-2-one
para-mentha-6,8-dien-2-one
6,8(9)-p-menthadien-2-one
delta-1-methyl-4-isopropenyl-6-cyclohexen-2-one
2-methyl-5-(1-methyl ethenyl)-2-cyclohexen-1-one
2-methyl-5-(prop-1-en-2-yl)cyclohex-2-en-1-one
2-methyl-5-isopropenyl-2-cyclohexenone
2-methyl-5-prop-1-en-2-ylcyclohex-2-en-1-one
5-isopropenyl-2-methyl-2-cyclohexen-1-one
delta(sup 6,8)-(9)-terpadienone-2
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Transfer of terpenes from essential oils into cow milk.
PubMed: (-)-Carvone: antispasmodic effect and mode of action.
PubMed: Chemical composition and biological activities of Calamintha officinalis Moench essential oil.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from carvone in hair conditioners.
PubMed: Chitosan coating improves retention and redispersibility of freeze-dried flavor oil emulsions.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Enhanced bioproduction of carvone in a two-liquid-phase partitioning bioreactor with a highly hydrophobic biocatalyst.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of protein and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions containing limonene.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of substrate and product on the carvone biotransformation activity of Rhodococcus erythropolis.
PubMed: Chemical and physical stability of citral and limonene in sodium dodecyl sulfate-chitosan and gum arabic-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions.
PubMed: Influence of the chirality of (R)-(-)- and (S)-(+)-carvone in the central nervous system: a comparative study.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of fennel fruits and fennel tea.
PubMed: Changes of the volatile profile and artifact formation in Daidai (Citrus aurantium) cold-pressed peel oil on storage.
PubMed: Influence of drying on the flavor quality of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.).
PubMed: Biotransformation of D-limonene to (+) trans-carveol by toluene-grown Rhodococcus opacus PWD4 cells.
PubMed: Volatile flavor components of ripe and overripe ki-mikans (Citrus flaviculpus Hort. ex Tanaka) in comparison with Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Cinnamaldehyde content in foods determined by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Aroma-active compounds of miniature beefsteakplant (Mosla dianthera Maxim).
PubMed: Applications of High-Temperature Aqueous Media for Synthetic Organic Reactions.
PubMed: Variation in odor thresholds for l-carvone and cineole and correlations with suprathreshold intensity ratings.
PubMed: Conductive olfactory losses in chronic rhinosinusitis? A computational fluid dynamics study of 29 patients.
PubMed: Perceptual and processing differences between physical and dichorhinic odor mixtures.
PubMed: Rapid odor perception in rat olfactory bulb by microelectrode array.
PubMed: Stress-related activities induced by predator odor may become indistinguishable by hinokitiol odor.
PubMed: (-)-Carvone: antispasmodic effect and mode of action.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination ability of South African fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) for enantiomers.
PubMed: Odor detection and odor discrimination in subadult and adult rats for two enantiomeric odorants supported by c-fos data.
PubMed: [Characterization of aroma active compounds in blood orange juice by solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry].
PubMed: Performance of mice in discrimination of liquor odors: behavioral evidence for olfactory attention.
PubMed: Response accuracy and odor sampling time in mice trained to discriminate between enantiomers of carvone and those of terpinen-4-ol.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of fennel fruits and fennel tea.
PubMed: The number of functional olfactory receptor genes and the relative size of olfactory brain structures are poor predictors of olfactory discrimination performance with enantiomers.
PubMed: Composition and aroma compounds of Ragusano cheese: native pasture and total mixed rations.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination ability of human subjects for enantiomers with an isopropenyl group at the chiral center.
PubMed: OMP gene deletion results in an alteration in odorant-induced mucosal activity patterns.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination of short chain fatty acids in rats with large bilateral lesions of the olfactory bulbs.
PubMed: Influence of drying on the flavor quality of spearmint (Mentha spicata L.).
PubMed: Sensitivity-dependent hierarchical receptor codes for odors.
PubMed: Concanavalin A application to the olfactory epithelium reveals different sensory neuron populations for the odour pair D- and L-carvone.
PubMed: Spontaneous versus reinforced olfactory discriminations.
PubMed: A psychophysical study of the relationship between temporal processing in odor mixtures and transduction pathways.
PubMed: Enantioselectivity of odor perception in honeybees (Apis mellifera carnica).
PubMed: Effects of chiral fragrances on human autonomic nervous system parameters and self-evaluation.
PubMed: Relationships between odor-elicited oscillations in the salamander olfactory epithelium and olfactory bulb.
PubMed: Enantioselectivity of odor perception in squirrel monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination ability of human subjects for ten pairs of enantiomers.
PubMed: Temporal processing of odor mixtures reveals that identification of components takes precedence over temporal information in olfactory memory.
PubMed: Identification of ligands for olfactory receptors by functional expression of a receptor library.
PubMed: Spatially organized response zones in rat olfactory epithelium.
PubMed: Ca2+ and Cl(-)-dependence of the turtle olfactory response to odorants and forskolin.
PubMed: Variation in odor thresholds for l-carvone and cineole and correlations with suprathreshold intensity ratings.
PubMed: Temperature increase abolishes ability of turtle olfactory receptors to discriminate similar odorant.
PubMed: A mass transport model of olfaction.
PubMed: Differential olfactory perception of enantiomeric compounds by blind subterranean mole rats (Spalax ehrenbergi).
PubMed: Quantitative analysis on odor intensity and quality of optical isomers in turtle olfactory system.
PubMed: Olfactory bulb size, odor discrimination and magnetic insensitivity in hummingbirds.
PubMed: Odor masking in the rat.
PubMed: Sensory evidence for olfactory receptors with opposite chiral selectivity.
PubMed: Quality and intensity of binary odor mixtures.
PubMed: Odor incongruity and chirality.
PubMed: Odor differences between enantiomeric isomers.
PubMed: Study of chemical stability of lemon oil components in sodium caseinate-lactose glycoconjugate-stabilized oil-in-water emulsions using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography.
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