EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

alpha-humulene
3,7,10-humulatriene

Sponsors

Name:(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethylcycloundeca-1,4,8-triene
CAS Number: 6753-98-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
Other:19132-75-3
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:229-816-7
FDA UNII:54W56MD2WD
Beilstein Number:3240075
MDL:MFCD00042689
CoE Number:11004
XlogP3-AA:4.50 (est)
Molecular Weight:204.35628000
Formula:C15 H24
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
No longer supported by Industry (DG SANCO, 2012).
Category:flavoring agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FLAVIS Number:01.043 (Old)
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:pale yellowish green clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.88900 to 0.89500 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.397 to 7.447
Refractive Index:1.49900 to 1.50500 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 99.00 to 100.00 °C. @ 3.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 166.00 to 168.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.008000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 194.00 °F. TCC ( 90.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.592 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:refrigerate in tightly sealed containers.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.01396 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium
woody
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. woody
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Pell Wall Perfumes
alpha-Humulene
Odor Description:Woody, Oceanic-watery, Spicy-clove
Useful for adding a watery note and one of very few naturally occurring materials that offer this. See also b-Caryophyllene which is isomeric with this material.
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Caryophyllene: 1,4,8-Cycloundecatriene,2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-, (E,E,E)-,
CG Herbals
alpha-Humulene
Odor: Slight bitter, Woody, Oceanic, Watery type, Slight surfactant type
Citrus and Allied Essences
Oil Clove Fraction (alpha humulene 60%)
Market Report
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Humulene (GC) ≥95%
Pell Wall Perfumes
alpha-Humulene
Odor: Woody, Oceanic-watery, Spicy-clove
Use: Useful for adding a watery note and one of very few naturally occurring materials that offer this. See also b-Caryophyllene which is isomeric with this material.
Penta International
a-CARYOPHYLLENE
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
a-Humulene
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
a-Humulene ≥96.0% (GC)
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
alpha-Caryophyllene >93.0%(GC)
The Perfumery
alpha-humulene
Odor: characteristic
Use: Looking for alpha humulene in essential oils? 06/26/2013 While the therapeutic benefits of alpha humulene are being discussed how did the industry notice Ocotea over Hop oil? Does that seem strange to anyone else? Typically Hop essential oil has this constituent in the 20 to 40% range. The range in Ocotea is much lower. Even the EO of Brazilian Cordia species that may have been the ground breaker for this research typically has alpha humulene content of 14% more or less. In fact, in a typical analysis of Ocotea Quixos of the 40 to 60 components identified alpha humulene is often not listed in the top five major peaks. Instead, beta caryophyllene, cinnamyl acetate, sabinene, geranial, trans-cinnamaldehyde, methyl cinnamate, 1,8 cineole, benzaldehyde, and beta selinene were mentioned more frequently than alpha humulene. Published reports from Flavor and Fragrance Journal Volume 21, issue 4, pages 674-676 July/August 2006 and Food Chemistry Journal reports from May 2004 confirm.
Van Aroma
ALPHA HUMULENE MIN 60% (Ex Beta Caryophyllene)
Odor: Woody, slightly bitter
Vigon International
HUMULENE
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
intratracheal-rat LD > 48 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: PULMONARY EMBOLI
Archives of Toxicology. Vol. 59, Pg. 78, 1986.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavoring agents
Recommendation for alpha-humulene usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1.20 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3900 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 7.0000035.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 5.0000025.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 10.0000050.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 7.0000035.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 5.0000025.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 20.00000100.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3 (FGE.25Rev3): Aliphatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):6753-98-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :5281520
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:3
(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethylcycloundeca-1,4,8-triene
Chemidplus:0006753986
RTECS:GZ4817500 for cas# 6753-98-6
 
References:
 (1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethylcycloundeca-1,4,8-triene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):5281520
Pubchem (sid):134987513
Flavornet:6753-98-6
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09684
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB36467
FooDB:FDB015360
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01715
Export Tariff Code:2902.90.9000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
 
Potential Uses:
 clove
FLspice
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 allamanda cathartica linn. flower oil brazil @ 0.90%
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 allspice fruit
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 allspice leaf oil
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 allspice seed
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 alpinia galanga oil @ 0.60%
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 amyris wood oil @ <0.10%
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 angelica root oil @ 0.54%
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 angelica seed oil @ 1.30%
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 anise star anise fruit
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 anise star anise seed
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 apple custard apple
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 apple custard apple plant
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 armoise oil morocco @ trace%
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 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 1.40%
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 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.10%
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 artichoke - up to 0.0002 mg/kg
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 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 0.40%
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 basil absolute sweet @ 0.22%
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 basil leaf oil
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 basil oil
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 basil oil CO2 sweet @ 0.62%
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 basil oil sweet @ 6.00%
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 basil oil sweet egypt @ 0.22%
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 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.78%
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 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.46%
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 basil plant
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 basil shoot oil
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 bay laurel fruit oil
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 bay laurel leaf oil
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 bay leaf oil @ 0.15-1.31%
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 bay leaf oil clove @ 0.2%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.009-0.045%
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 bergamot oil @ 0.04%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.006%
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 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.005%
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 blood orange oil italy @ 0.008%
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 boronia absolute @ 0.03%
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 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.80%
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 cajuput oil @ 0.4%
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 cajuput oil vietnam @ 1.6%
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 calamus leaf oil @ 0.07%
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 cananga fruit oil @ trace%
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 cananga leaf oil @ 6.3%
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 cananga odorata oil java @ 9.74%
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 cananga oil china @ 0.27%
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 cardamom fruit oil
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 cardamom seed oil
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 carrot - 0.12 mg/kg
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 carrot leaf oil @ 0.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
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 carrot seed oil @ 0.31%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 1.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.24-0.61%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot weed oil @ 2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 0.85%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 0.85%
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 cassia plant
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 cassis bud oil @ trace-2.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedrela wood oil @ 2.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery leaf
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 celery leaf oil
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 celery leaf oil @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed
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 celery seed oil
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 celery seed oil CO2 extract india @ 0.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 celery seed oil india @ 0.05%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
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 champaca concrete @ trace%
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 cheese - up to 0.12 mg/kg
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.20%
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 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) india @ 0.28%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.20-0.62%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 0.85%
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
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 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
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 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 2.8-3.1%
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 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cinnamon twig oil @ 0.19%
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 citronella oil ceylon @ 0.21%
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 citronella oil china @ 0.12%
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 citronella oil java @ 0.13%
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 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 0.43%
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 clary sage oil greece @ 0.10%
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 clausena anisata hook. f. leaf oil @ 0.00-0.73%
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 clove bud oil @ 1.06%
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 clove fruit
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 clove leaf
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 clove leaf oil @ 1.39%
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 clove oil
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 clove stem oil india @ 1.53%
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 cotton oil
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 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 1.40%
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 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 1.50%
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 cubeb oil @ 0.45%
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 currant black currant fruit - up to 0.09 mg/kg
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 currant black currant leaf
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 curry fruit oil india @ 0.60%
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 curry leaf oil india @ 1.20%
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 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 0.50%
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 cypress cone oil egypt @ 0.1%
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 cypress oil @ trace-0.23%
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 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 0.10%
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 elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil @ 4.00%
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 erigeron graveolens l. oil iran @ 0.60%
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 eucalyptus globulus bud oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ trace%
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 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.55%
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 featherfew leaf oil @ trace%
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 fennel oil
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 fir needle oil canada @ 0.06-0.60%
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 fir needle oil siberia @ 0.33%
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 fleabane oil @ 0.10%
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 galangal root oil @ 0.11%
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 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.40%
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 geranium oil bourbon @ 0.42%
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 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.30%
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 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.70%
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 geranium stem oil india @ 0.30%
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 ginger root
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 grapefruit juice - 0.20 mg/kg
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.03%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.03%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.02%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.05%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.08%
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 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.75%
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 grapefruit oil california @ 0.10%
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 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.31%
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 guava fruit - up to 1.05 mg/kg
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 guava fruit oil reunion @ 3.20%
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 guava leaf oil cuba @ 3.10%
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 guava pericarp oil
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 helichrysum arenarium (l.) moench oil hungary @ 0.50%
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 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.06%
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 hinoki root oil @ 0.39%
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 hinoki wood oil @ 0.03%
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 ho leaf oil @ 0.17%
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 hop oil
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 horsemint shoot
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 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.70-1.80%
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 hyssop flower
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 hyssop leaf
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 hyssop oil @ 0.1%
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 hyssop shoot
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 jambu flower oil brazil @ 2.10%
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 juniper berry oil @ 2.20%
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 juniper branch oil @ 1.00%
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 kachur oil @ 0.30%
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 labdanum leaf oil @ trace%
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.10%
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 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.43%
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 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.17%
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 lavender oil greece @ 0.25%
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 lavender oil spike france @ 0.16%
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 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.30%
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 lemon balm shoot
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 lemon oil
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 lemon oil california @ 0.02%
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 lemon oil expressed italy @ 1.20%
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 lemon petiole
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 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.51%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.18%
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 lemongrass oil @ 0.19%
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 lime oil distilled mexico @ 0.09%
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 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.08%
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 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
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 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 0.50%
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 mace oil east india @ 0.03%
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 mandarin - 0.0004 mg/kg
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 mandarin fruit
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 mandarin oil @ trace%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.02%
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 mandarin oil avana @ 0.03%
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 mandarin oil italy @ 0.01%
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 mandarin oil italy @ trace%
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 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.02%
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 mango fruit - up to 1.30 mg/kg
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 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 0.40%
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 marjoram oil
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 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 0.27%
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 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.20-0.60%
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 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 0.20%
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 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.64%
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 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.00-0.02%
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 marjoram plant
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 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.04-0.36%
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 marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil @ 4.40%
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 mastic fruit oil @ 0.93%
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 mastic leaf oil @ 2.89%
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 mastic oil @ 0.05%
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 mayur pankh fruit oil himalaya @ 0.30%
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 melissa oil slovak republic @ 0.13%
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 mentha longifolia (l.) huds. oil jordan @ 0.10%
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 mikan peel oil @ 0.10%
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 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 6.10%
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 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 0.70%
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 myrtle oil @ 0.11%
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 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 0.50%
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 neroli bigarde oil france @ trace%
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 niaouli oil egypt @ 0.40%
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 nutmeg - trace amount
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 nutmeg oil
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 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 1.43%
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 orange fruit
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 orange juice - up to 0.01 mg/kg
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 orange peel oil bitter china @ 0.02%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.004%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.004%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.005%
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 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.006%
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 oregano oil mexico @ 2.10%
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 oregano plant
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 oregano shoot
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 oregano shoot oil
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 orthodon dianthera maxim. oil vietnam @ 23.80%
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 palmarosa oil @ 0.10%
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 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
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 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.53%
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 pennyroyal oil @ 1.10%
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 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.27%
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 pepper black pepper fruit
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 pepper black pepper fruit oil
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 pepper black pepper leaf oil
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 pepper oil black india @ 0.60%
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 pepper tree berry oil @ 0.58%
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 pepper tree leaf oil @ 0.39%
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 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ trace%
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 peppermint oil mongolia @ 0.18%
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 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.90%
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 petitgrain bigarade oil @ 0.10%
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 petitgrain combava oil @ trace%
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 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 0.50%
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 petitgrain mandarin oil @ trace%
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 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 1.20%
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 phoebe oil brazil @ 1.36%
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 pimenta leaf oil @ 10.12%
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 pimenta racemosa leaf oil lemon @ 0.01%
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 pimento berry oil @ 1.1%
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 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ 0.2%
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 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.86%
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 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.1-0.4%
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 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 1.60%
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 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.50%
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 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 0.90%
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 pittosporum spp. fruit oil malaysia @ 0.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.20%
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 polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia @ 2.40%
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 0.60%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.40%
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 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ 0.40%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 8.00%
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 pteronia oil @ 1.20%
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit - trace amount
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 0.79%%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.37%
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary oil china @ 0.18%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 0.83%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-0.94%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.27-5.43%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 0.8%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 0.25%
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 rue oil cuba @ 0.03%
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 safflower flower
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 safflower leaf
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 sage leaf
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 4.30%
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 sage oil cuba @ 9.72%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.20%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 4.20%
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 sage oil england @ 0.90%
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 sage oil france @ 0.30%
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 sage oil germany @ 5.73%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 2.90%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 5.24%
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 sage oil reunion @ 1.60%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.0-1.0%
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 sage oil spain @ 5.00%
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 sage plant
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 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 0.80%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil @ 0.60%
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 salvia lavandulifolia vahl. leaf oil spain @ 1.00%
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 salvia officinalis oil cuba @ 9.72%
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 salvia officinalis oil reunion @ 3.61%
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 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 3.71%
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 salvia sclarea oil @ 0.08%
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 salvia sclarea seed oil tunisia @ 0.08%
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 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 0.67%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 1.30%
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 savin oil @ 0.41%
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sideritis montana l. oil bulgaria @ 1.60%
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 sideritis scardica l. oil bulgaria @ 2.20%
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 spearmint oil
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.30%
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 sundacarpus amarus (blume) c.n. page leaf oil australia @ 0.90%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 2.14%
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 tagete oil egypt @ 0.35%
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 tamarind - 0.02 mg/kg
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 tamarind fruit oil
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 tamarind seed oil
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 0.90%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 0.40%
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 tea - up to 1.20 mg/kg
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 thyme oil portuguese @ trace%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.09%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.13-0.23%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 0.40%
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 tomato leaf
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ trace%
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.50%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-0.9%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.31%
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 vassoura oil @ 1.90%
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 verbena oil france @ 0.20%
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 witch hazel leaf oil @ 0.05%
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 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 0.01%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.03-0.71%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.74%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 0.08%
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 yarrow oil @ trace%
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 yarrow oil greece @ trace%
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 yarrow oil hungary @ 2.50%
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 ylang ylang oil @ 0.74%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.99%
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 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 2.67%
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 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 3.35%
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 ylang ylang oil III @ 3.62%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.13-0.14%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 1.60%
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 zanthoxylum nitidum l. leaf oil australia @ 7.20%
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 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 0.90%
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 zingiber zerumbet (l.) sm. root oil india @ 0.30%
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 zinnia elegans jacq. flower oil brazil @ 0.80%
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Synonyms:
a-caryophyllene
alpha-caryophyllene
1,4,8-cycloundecatriene, 2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-, (1E,4E,8E)-
1,4,8-cycloundecatriene, 2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-, (E,E,E)-
(1E,4E,8E)-humula-1(11),4,8-triene
3,7,10-humulatriene
 humulene
(±)-a-humulene
(±)-alpha-humulene
(1E,4E,8E)-a-humulene
a-humulene
 oil clove fraction (alpha humulene 60%)
(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethyl 1,4,8-cycloundecatriene
1,5,5,8-tetramethyl cycloundeca-3,7,10-triene
(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-1,4,8-cycloundecatriene
(E,E,E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-1,4,8-cycloundecatriene
trans,trans,trans-2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-1,4,8-cycloundecatriene
2,6,6,9-tetramethyl-1,4,8-cycloundecatriene (E,E,E)-
(1E,4E,8E)-2,6,6,9-tetramethylcycloundeca-1,4,8-triene
(E,E,E)-2,6,6-(9-tetrametyl)-1,4,8-cycloundecatriene
 

Articles:

US Patents:3,965,189 - 1-Acetyl-11-methylene-4,7,7-trimethyl-cycloundeca-4,8-diene
PubMed:[Study of production of sesquiterpenes of Aquilaria senensis stimulated by Lasiodiplodia theobromae].
US Patents:3,966,819 - Sesquiterpenic derivatives as odor- and taste modifying agents
PubMed:Complex refractive indices in the near-ultraviolet spectral region of biogenic secondary organic aerosol aged with ammonia.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of Croton bonplandianus from India.
PubMed:Diurnal Variation of Essential of the Oil Components of Pycnocycla spinosa Decne. ex Boiss.
PubMed:Assessment of the antioxidant and antiproliferative effects of sesquiterpenic compounds in in vitro Caco-2 cell models.
PubMed:The Strained Sesquiterpene β-Caryophyllene as a Probe for the Solvent-Assisted Epoxidation Mechanism.
PubMed:Chemical composition and major odor-active compounds of essential oil from PINELLIA TUBER (dried rhizome of Pinellia ternata) as crude drug.
PubMed:Constituents of essential oils from the leaves, stem barks and resins of Canarium parvum Leen., and Canarium tramdenanum Dai et Yakovl. (Burseracea) grown in Vietnam.
PubMed:Chemotype diversity of indigenous Dalmatian sage (Salvia officinalis L.) populations in Montenegro.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil from the leaves of Carapa guianensis collected from Venezuelan Guayana and the antimicrobial activity of the oil and crude extracts.
PubMed:Ultrasound-assisted extraction and quantitation of oils from Syzygium aromaticum flower bud (clove) with supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed:Identification and characterization of (E)-β-caryophyllene synthase and α/β-pinene synthase potentially involved in constitutive and herbivore-induced terpene formation in cotton.
PubMed:Hepatoprotection of sesquiterpenoids: a quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approach.
PubMed:Development of a high performance liquid chromatography method for quantification of isomers β-caryophyllene and α-humulene in copaiba oleoresin using the Box-Behnken design.
PubMed:Tomato yellow leaf curl virus alters the host preferences of its vector Bemisia tabaci.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of terpene synthases in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum).
PubMed:Essential oil compositions of Alphonsea philastreana (Pierre) Pierre ex Finet & Gagnep. and Alphonsea gaudichaudiana (Baill.) Finet & Gagnep. from Vietnam.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Stachys officinalis (L.) Trevis. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Phytochemical analysis, biological evaluation and micromorphological study of Stachys alopecuros (L.) Benth. subsp. divulsa (Ten.) Grande endemic to central Apennines, Italy.
PubMed:A comparative analysis of essential oils of Goniothalamus macrocalyx Ban., Goniothalamus albiflorus Ban. and Goniothalamus tamirensis Pierre ex Fin. & Gagnep. from Vietnam.
PubMed:Essential-oil composition of the Tunisian endemic cypress (Cupressus sempervirens L. var. numidica TRAB.).
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of three essential oils from Curcuma wenyujin.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of Pinus roxburghii from Nepal.
PubMed:Phytochemical diversity of Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng. from Western Himalaya.
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activity of the essential oil of Amomum biflorum.
PubMed:Essential oils from the leaves of six medicinal plants of Nigeria.
PubMed:Composition and in-vitro cytotoxic activities of the leaf essential oil of Beilschmiedia erythrophloia from Taiwan.
PubMed:Headspace, solid-phase micro-extraction, gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis of terpenoids in the latex of Euphorbia species.
PubMed:Genetically engineered maize plants reveal distinct costs and benefits of constitutive volatile emissions in the field.
PubMed:Insecticidal and genotoxic activity of Psoralea corylifolia Linn. (Fabaceae) against Culex quinquefasciatus Say, 1823.
PubMed:Caryophyllene-rich essential oil of Didymocarpus tomentosa: chemical composition and cytotoxic activity.
PubMed:Suites of terpene synthases explain differential terpenoid production in ginger and turmeric tissues.
PubMed:Antibacterial, allelopathic and antioxidant activities of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. growing wild in the Atlas Mountains of Morocco.
PubMed:Chemotaxonomical markers in essential oil of Murraya koenigii.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of Zingiber zerumbet var. darcyi.
PubMed:Mediation of a plant-spider association by specific volatile compounds.
PubMed:Headspace solid-phase microextraction combined with mass spectrometry as a powerful analytical tool for profiling the terpenoid metabolomic pattern of hop-essential oil derived from Saaz variety.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed:Constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Helichrysum armenium.
PubMed:The composition and antimicrobial activities of Cyperus conglomeratus, Desmos chinensis var. lawii and Cyathocalyx zeylanicus essential oils.
PubMed:The antioxidant effect of β-caryophyllene protects rat liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced fibrosis by inhibiting hepatic stellate cell activation.
PubMed:Natural product studies of U.S. endangered plants: volatile components of Lindera melissifolia (Lauraceae) repel mosquitoes and ticks.
PubMed:Temporal analysis of sesquiterpene emissions from manuka and phoebe oil lures and efficacy for attraction of Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae).
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oils of Annona pickelii and Annona salzmannii (Annonaceae), and their antitumour and trypanocidal activities.
PubMed:The leaf essential oils of five Vietnamese Desmos species (Annonaceae).
PubMed:Determination of gas-phase ozonolysis rate coefficients of a number of sesquiterpenes at elevated temperatures using the relative rate method.
PubMed:Acaricidal activity and repellency of essential oil from Piper aduncum and its components against Tetranychus urticae.
PubMed:Origin of regioselectivity in α-humulene functionalization.
PubMed:Volatile constituents of two species of Protium from the Atlantic rainforest in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Cupressus atlantica.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial, and cytotoxicity studies on S. erianthum and S. macranthum essential oils.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects in rodents of the essential oil of Peperomia serpens (Sw.) Loud.
PubMed:Chemical diversity in Mentha spicata: antioxidant and potato sprout inhibition activity of its essential oils.
PubMed:Contact toxicity, feeding reduction, and repellency of essential oils from three plants from the ginger family (Zingiberaceae) and their major components against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed:Comparative studies of volatile oil composition of Rhododendron anthopogon by hydrodistillation, supercritical carbon dioxide extraction and head space analysis.
PubMed:RNA-seq discovery, functional characterization, and comparison of sesquiterpene synthases from Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum habrochaites trichomes.
PubMed:Attraction of the redbay ambrosia beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, to avocado, lychee, and essential oil Lures.
PubMed:Comparative study of volatile oil compositions of two Plectranthus species from northern India.
PubMed:A short-chain dehydrogenase involved in terpene metabolism from Zingiber zerumbet.
PubMed:Attraction and electroantennogram responses of male Mediterranean fruit fly to volatile chemicals from Persea, Litchi and Ficus wood.
PubMed:Genomic organization of δ-guaiene synthase genes in Aquilaria crassna and its possible use for the identification of Aquilaria species.
PubMed:The gas-phase ozonolysis of α-humulene.
PubMed:Analysis of the essential oil of Amsonia illustris.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of essential oil from Gnaphlium affine.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Cyclospermum leptophyllum (Pers.) Sprague ex Britton and P. Wilson.
PubMed:Zerumbone induces heme oxygenase-1 expression in mouse skin and cultured murine epidermal cells through activation of Nrf2.
PubMed:2-undecanone rich leaf essential oil from Zanthoxylum armatum.
PubMed:Altered cross-linking of HSP27 by zerumbone as a novel strategy for overcoming HSP27-mediated radioresistance.
PubMed:Persistency assessment and aerobic biodegradation of selected cyclic sesquiterpenes present in essential oils.
PubMed:Oil constituents of Artemisia nilagirica var. septentrionalis growing at different altitudes.
PubMed:Seasonal variation in the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile oils of three species of Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) grown in Brazil.
PubMed:Efficient functional analysis system for cyanobacterial or plant cytochromes P450 involved in sesquiterpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf and twig oils of Litsea mushaensis and L. linii from Taiwan.
PubMed:Chemical investigation of the essential oil from berries and needles of common juniper (Juniperus communis L.) growing wild in Estonia.
PubMed:Validation of a gas chromatographic method to quantify sesquiterpenes in copaiba oils.
PubMed:GC-MS analysis of headspace and liquid extracts for metabolomic differentiation of citrus Huanglongbing and zinc deficiency in leaves of 'Valencia' sweet orange from commercial groves.
PubMed:Accumulation of phenylpropanoid and sesquiterpenoid volatiles in male rectal pheromonal glands of the guava fruit fly, Bactrocera correcta.
PubMed:Characterization of delta-guaiene synthases from cultured cells of Aquilaria, responsible for the formation of the sesquiterpenes in agarwood.
PubMed:Inhibitor and substrate activities of sesquiterpene olefins toward +-δ-cadinene-8-hydroxylase, a cytochrome P450 monooxygenase (CYP706B1).
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil and hexane extract of Salvia chionantha and their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities.
PubMed:Zingiber zerumbet CYP71BA1 catalyzes the conversion of α-humulene to 8-hydroxy-α-humulene in zerumbone biosynthesis.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of the essential oil of Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng against Anopheles stephensi: a malarial vector mosquito.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of edible plant-derived essential oils against the pyrethroid-susceptible and -resistant strains of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae).
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activities of Santiria trimera (Burseraceae) essential oils from Gabon.
PubMed:Terpenoid composition of the essential oils of Teucrium royleanum and T. quadrifarium.
PubMed:Psychoactive plants described in a Brazilian literary work and their chemical compounds.
PubMed:Composition and immunotoxicity activity of essential oils from Lindera obtusiloba Blume against Aedes aegypti L.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial, antifungal and antioxidant activities of the flower oil of Retama raetam (Forssk.) Webb from Tunisia.
PubMed:Studies of a biochemical factory: tomato trichome deep expressed sequence tag sequencing and proteomics.
PubMed:Species-specific responses of pine sesquiterpene synthases to sawfly oviposition.
PubMed:Birch (Betula spp.) leaves adsorb and re-release volatiles specific to neighbouring plants--a mechanism for associational herbivore resistance?
PubMed:Chemical composition and evaluation of the anti-hypernociceptive effect of the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Ugni myricoides on inflammatory and neuropathic models of pain in mice.
PubMed:Essential oils from two Lantana species with antimycobacterial activity.
PubMed:In vitro cytotoxic effects of Senecio stabianus Lacaita (Asteraceae) on human cancer cell lines.
PubMed:Variations in essential oil, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity of tunisian cultivated Salvia officinalis L.
PubMed:Solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) in the early detection of potentially active volatile compounds from organic wastes used for the management of soil-borne pathogens.
PubMed:Protective Effects of the Essential Oil of Salvia fruticosa and Its Constituents on Astrocytic Susceptibility to Hydrogen Peroxide-Induced Cell Death.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of Cordia verbenacea extracts obtained by different methods.
PubMed:Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf essential oil of Litsea nakaii from Taiwan.
PubMed:Identification, functional characterization and developmental regulation of sesquiterpene synthases from sunflower capitate glandular trichomes.
PubMed:Chemical composition and cytotoxic, mutagenic and genotoxic activities of the essential oil from Pipergaudichaudianum Kunth leaves.
PubMed:Constituents of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp., Moringa oleifera Lam., Heliotropium indicum L. and Bidens pilosa L. from Nigeria.
PubMed:The chemical composition of the essential oils of Euphorbia caracasana and E. cotinifolia (Euphorbiaceae) from Venezuela.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil obtained from roots and chemical composition of the volatile constituents from the roots, stems, and leaves of Ballota nigra from Serbia.
PubMed:Chemical and genetic relationships among sage ( Salvia officinalis L.) cultivars and Judean sage ( Salvia judaica Boiss.).
PubMed:Preventive and therapeutic anti-inflammatory properties of the sesquiterpene alpha-humulene in experimental airways allergic inflammation.
PubMed:Essential oil constituents of Eclipta prostrata (L.) L. and Vernonia amygdalina Delile.
PubMed:GC-MS analysis and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Stachys cretica subsp. smyrnaea.
PubMed:Floral and insect-induced volatile formation in Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. petraea, a perennial, outcrossing relative of A. thaliana.
PubMed:Evolution of volatile compounds during the development of cabernet sauvignon grapes (Vitis vinifera L.).
PubMed:Chemical composition and mechanisms underlying the spasmolytic and bronchodilatory properties of the essential oil of Nepeta cataria L.
PubMed:Zerumbone down-regulates chemokine receptor CXCR4 expression leading to inhibition of CXCL12-induced invasion of breast and pancreatic tumor cells.
PubMed:Pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution of the sesquiterpene alpha-humulene in mice.
PubMed:Efficient synthesis of functional isoprenoids from acetoacetate through metabolic pathway-engineered Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Chemical composition and fungitoxic activity of essential oil of Thuja orientalis L. grown in the north-western Himalaya.
PubMed:Does egg deposition by herbivorous pine sawflies affect transcription of sesquiterpene synthases in pine?
PubMed:Development of a host-based semiochemical lure for trapping emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera: Buprestidae).
PubMed:Molecular cloning and functional characterization of alpha-humulene synthase, a possible key enzyme of zerumbone biosynthesis in shampoo ginger (Zingiber zerumbet Smith).
PubMed:Effects of cis-beta-ocimene, cis-sabinene hydrate, and monoterpene and sesquiterpene mixtures on alfalfa pellet intake by lambs.
PubMed:Content, composition, and bioactivity of the essential oils of three basil genotypes as a function of harvesting.
PubMed:GC/MS of terpenes in walnut-tree leaves after accelerated solvent extraction.
PubMed:Potentiating effect of beta-caryophyllene on anticancer activity of alpha-humulene, isocaryophyllene and paclitaxel.
PubMed:Cytotoxic activity of essential oils from labiatae and lauraceae families against in vitro human tumor models.
PubMed:Volatile chemical constituents of Piper aduncum L and Piper gibbilimbum C. DC (Piperaceae) from Papua New Guinea.
PubMed:Bioactive constituents of the roots of Polyalthia cerasoides.
PubMed:Chemotherapeutic potential of the volatile oils from Zanthoxylum rhoifolium Lam leaves.
PubMed:Jacaranone: a cytotoxic constituent from Senecio ambiguus subsp. ambiguus (biv.) DC. against renal adenocarcinoma ACHN and prostate carcinoma LNCaP cells.
PubMed:[Extraction and identification of volatile constituents in the flowers of Aglaia odorata Lour].
PubMed:[Roles of infochemicals in host-selection process of Anastatus japonicus].
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory effects of compounds alpha-humulene and (-)-trans-caryophyllene isolated from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea.
PubMed:The rice (E)-beta-caryophyllene synthase (OsTPS3) accounts for the major inducible volatile sesquiterpenes.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of Hypericum triquetrifolium Turra. aerial parts.
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Effect of two active compounds obtained from the essential oil of Cordia verbenacea on the acute inflammatory responses elicited by LPS in the rat paw.
PubMed:Chemical composition and anti-inflammatory activity of copaiba oils from Copaifera cearensis Huber ex Ducke, Copaifera reticulata Ducke and Copaifera multijuga Hayne--a comparative study.
PubMed:Analysis of aromatic and terpenic constituents of pepper extracts by capillary electrochromatography.
PubMed:Zerumbone suppresses phorbol ester-induced expression of multiple scavenger receptor genes in THP-1 human monocytic cells.
PubMed:Induction of plant volatiles by herbivores with different feeding habits and the effects of induced defenses on host-plant selection by thrips.
PubMed:Composition and cytotoxic activity of the leaf essential oil of Comptonia peregrina (L.) Coulter.
PubMed:Essential oil from two populations of Echinodorus grandiflorus Micheli.
PubMed:Anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties of the essential oil and active compounds from Cordia verbenacea.
PubMed:Caryophyllene-rich rhizome oil of Zingiber nimmonii from South India: Chemical characterization and antimicrobial activity.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant properties of clove leaf essential oil.
PubMed:Simultaneous determination of aromatic and terpenic constituents of cloves by means of HPLC with diode array detection.
PubMed:Isolation of Seseli bocconi Guss., subsp. praecox Gamisans (Apiaceae) volatile oil by supercritical carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Composition and antibacterial activity of Abies balsamea essential oil.
PubMed:Analysis of atmospheric sesquiterpenes: sampling losses and mitigation of ozone interferences.
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activities of essential oil from the leaves of Sesuvium portulacastrum.
PubMed:Essential oil analysis and anticancer activity of leaf essential oil of Croton flavens L. from Guadeloupe.
PubMed:Traceability of Asiago mountain cheese: a rapid, low-cost analytical procedure for its identification based on solid-phase microextraction.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of mosquito bite deterrent terpenoids from leaves of American (Callicarpa americana) and Japanese (Callicarpa japonica) beautyberry.
PubMed:Zerumbone abolishes NF-kappaB and IkappaBalpha kinase activation leading to suppression of antiapoptotic and metastatic gene expression, upregulation of apoptosis, and downregulation of invasion.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Artemisia lavandulaefolia.
PubMed:Changes in anatomy and terpene chemistry in roots of Douglas-fir seedlings following treatment with methyl jasmonate.
PubMed:Analysis of leaf surface sesquiterpenes in potato varieties.
PubMed:Regulation of interleukin-8 secretion in human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells by alpha-humulene.
PubMed:Isogermacrene A, a proposed intermediate in sesquiterpene biosynthesis.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of the essential oils from Eupatorium betonicaeforme (D.C.) Baker (Asteraceae).
PubMed:Zerumbone, a tropical ginger sesquiterpene, activates phase II drug metabolizing enzymes.
PubMed:[The crop-producing power and chemical composition of the essential oil of the cones of hop cultivars].
PubMed:Characterization of carrot root oil arising from supercritical fluid carbon dioxide extraction.
PubMed:Essential oil of Valeriana officinalis L. cultivars and their antimicrobial activity as influenced by harvesting time under commercial organic cultivation.
PubMed:Evaluation of toxic/protective effects of the essential oil of Salvia officinalis on freshly isolated rat hepatocytes.
PubMed:Antennal responses to floral scents in the butterfly Heliconius melpomene.
PubMed:Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction of essential oils from Perovskia atriplicifolia Benth.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed:Ovicidal and adulticidal effects of Eugenia caryophyllata bud and leaf oil compounds on Pediculus capitis.
PubMed:Antitumor activity of balsam fir oil: production of reactive oxygen species induced by alpha-humulene as possible mechanism of action.
PubMed:Solid-phase microextraction of volatile compounds from the chopped leaves of three species of Eucalyptus.
PubMed:Essential oils produced by in vitro shoots of sage (Salvia officinalis L.).
PubMed:Essential oil from fruit of Peucedanum tauricum Bieb.
PubMed:Induction of volatile emissions in maize by different larval instars of Spodoptera littoralis.
PubMed:Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of the essential oil from Aristolochia indica.
PubMed:(+)-(10R)-Germacrene A synthase from goldenrod, Solidago canadensis; cDNA isolation, bacterial expression and functional analysis.
PubMed:Zerumbone, a Southeast Asian ginger sesquiterpene, markedly suppresses free radical generation, proinflammatory protein production, and cancer cell proliferation accompanied by apoptosis: the alpha,beta-unsaturated carbonyl group is a prerequisite.
PubMed:[New data on composition of esssential oil from inflorescence of everlasting (Helichrysum arenarium(L.) Moench.)].
PubMed:Essential oil from herb and rhizome of Peucedanum ostruthium (L. Koch.) ex DC.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of aroma compounds in carrot (Daucus carota L.) cultivars by capillary gas chromatography using large-volume injection technique.
PubMed:Exogenous methyl jasmonate induces volatile emissions in cotton plants.
PubMed:Attraction of a leaf beetle (Oreina cacaliae) to damaged host plants.
PubMed:Organ- and season-dependent variation in the essential oil composition of Salvia officinalis L. cultivated at two different sites.
PubMed:Genetic control and evolution of sesquiterpene biosynthesis in Lycopersicon esculentum and L. hirsutum.
PubMed:Inter-population differences in the essential oils of Pinus caribaea needles.
PubMed:Antifungal activity of volatile constituents of Eugenia dysenterica leaf oil.
PubMed:A biomimetic synthesis of lucidene.
PubMed:Composition and some biological activities of the essential oil of Callicarpa americana (L.).
PubMed:Aroma-active compounds of miniature beefsteakplant (Mosla dianthera Maxim).
PubMed:Effect of individual terpenes on consumption of alfalfa pellets by sheep.
PubMed:Grapefruit gland oil composition is affected by wax application, storage temperature, and storage time.
PubMed:Dynamics of yield components and essential oil production in a commercial hybrid sage (Salvia officinalis x Salvia fruticosa cv. Newe Ya'ar no. 4).
PubMed:Identification of zerumbone in Zingiber zerumbet Smith as a potent inhibitor of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate-induced Epstein-Barr virus activation.
PubMed:Germacrene C synthase from Lycopersicon esculentum cv. VFNT cherry tomato: cDNA isolation, characterization, and bacterial expression of the multiple product sesquiterpene cyclase.
PubMed:Behavioral response of femaleHelicoverpa (Heliothis)armigera HB. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) moths to synthetic pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan L.) kairomone.
PubMed:Sesquiterpenes in the frontal gland secretions of nasute soldier termites from New Guinea.
PubMed:Sesquiterpenes from clove (Eugenia caryophyllata) as potential anticarcinogenic agents.
PubMed:[Miscellaneous contributions to the essential oils of plants from various territories. LI. On the components of essential oils of Torilis japonica (Houtt.) DC].
PubMed:Chemical constituents and inhibitory activities of essential oils fromCyperus brevifolius andC. kyllingia.
PubMed:Toxicity studies on clove cigarette smoke and constituents of clove: determination of the LD50 of eugenol by intratracheal instillation in rats and hamsters.
PubMed:Multichemical defense of plant bugHotea gambiae (westwood) (Heteroptera: Scutelleridae) : Sesquiterpenoids from abdominal gland in larvae.
PubMed:Isolation and identification of cotton synomones mediating searching behavior by parasitoidCampoletis sonorensis.
PubMed:[Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons from grapes (author's transl)].
 
Notes:
Constit. of many essential oils including hops (Humulus lupulus) and cloves (Syzygium aromaticum)
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