EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

prenol
vertenol (Grau)

Sponsors

Name:3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol
CAS Number: 556-82-1Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:209-141-4
FDA UNII:55MY0HM445
Nikkaji Web:J11.528B
Beilstein Number:1633479
MDL:MFCD00002916
CoE Number:11795
XlogP3-AA:1.00 (est)
Molecular Weight:86.13390000
Formula:C5 H10 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
This substance has been evaluated in FGE.202. it was concluded that there would be no safety concern with respect to genotoxicity or carcinogenicity.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:1200 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol
FLAVIS Number:02.109 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.109 3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol
FEMA Number:3647 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: 3-METHYL-2-BUTEN-1-OL
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 99.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.85000 to 0.87000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.073 to 7.239
Refractive Index:1.43000 to 1.45000 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 138.00 to 174.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:2.384000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 110.00 °F. TCC ( 43.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.055 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 4.094e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:medium
fruity green lavender
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fruity green lavender
sweet fruity alcoholic green
Odor Description:Sweet, fruity, alcoholic with a green nuance
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 4, 45, (1991)
Flavor Type: fruity
green fruity
Taste Description: at 30.00 ppm. Green, fruity
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 4, 45, (1991)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
PRENOL (3-METHYL-2-BUTEN-1-OL) ≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor Description:fruity, green, lavender
Used in lavender and hops compositions.
Taste Description:green fruity
Works particularly well in passion fruit and cranberry flavors.
Moellhausen
PRENOL
Odor Description:fresh, ethereal, yeast and fermented
Indukern F&F
PRENOL
Odor Description:FRUITY, GREEN, LAVENDER
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Bedoukian Research
PRENOL (3-METHYL-2-BUTEN-1-OL)
≥96.0%, Kosher
Odor: fruity, green, lavender
Use: Used in lavender and hops compositions.
Flavor: green fruity
Works particularly well in passion fruit and cranberry flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-ol
Berjé
Prenol
Happening at Berje
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
PRENOL 98.0%
Citrus and Allied Essences
Prenol
Market Report
ECSA Chemicals
Vertenol
Company Profile
Ernesto Ventós
PRENOL BASF
Odor: HERBAL,GREEN,FRUITY,LAVENDER
Flavor: FRESH,FRUITY,GREEN,APPLE
Grau Aromatics
VERTENOL (PRENOL)
NI, Kosher
Indukern F&F
PRENOL
Odor: FRUITY, GREEN, LAVENDER
M&U International
Prenol
Moellhausen
PRENOL
Odor: fresh, ethereal, yeast and fermented
Penta International
3-METHYL-2-BUTEN-1-OL, Kosher
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-ol
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-ol, ≥98%, FG
Odor: fruity; green
Certified Food Grade Products
SRS Aromatics
VERTENOL
Synerzine
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-ol
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
3-Methyl-2-buten-1-ol >98.0%(GC)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 810 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 895, 1979.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 3900 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 17, Pg. 895, 1979.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for prenol usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 4.60 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 3.80 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 12
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -3.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -1.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -20.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: -2.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: --
fruit ices: -1.50000
gelatins / puddings: -2.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -5.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: -2.00000
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: -2.50000
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 202: 3-Alkylated aliphatic acyclic alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes and precursors with or without additional double bonds from chemical subgroup 1.1.3 of FGE.19[1]
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 72 (FGE.72): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids. Esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2 (2010)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 72, Revision 1 (FGE.72Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic, branched-chain saturated and unsaturated alcohols, aldehydes, acids, and related esters evaluated by the JECFA (61st meeting) structurally related to branched- and straight-chain unsaturated carboxylic acids, esters of these and straight-chain aliphatic saturated alcohols evaluated by EFSA in FGE.05Rev2
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Cancer Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):556-82-1
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :11173
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WISER:UN 1987
WGK Germany:1
3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol
Chemidplus:0000556821
RTECS:EM9472500 for cas# 556-82-1
 
References:
 3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:556-82-1
Pubchem (cid):11173
Pubchem (sid):134977054
Flavornet:556-82-1
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C01390
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB30124
FooDB:FDB001927
Export Tariff Code:2905.29.9000
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
animal
animal
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
brown
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
chemical
propyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
earthy
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
hexyl pivalate
FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
fermented
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde diethyl acetal
FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
gamma-
damascone
FR
6,8-
dimethyl-2-nonanol
FR
ethyl linalool
FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
lily propanol
FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
fruity
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl amyl glycolate
FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-cyclohexyl propionate
FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3,5,5-trimethyl hexanoate
FR
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
heptanal cyclic ethylene acetal
FR
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
nerolidyl isobutyrate
FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
rhubarb undecane
FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde methyl hexyl acetal
FR
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
green dioxolane
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenyl methyl ether
FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
herbal
hexanol
FL/FR
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
waxy
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
woody
verdoxan
FR
woody acetate
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde diisoamyl acetal
FL/FR
allyl tiglate
FL
butyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
cyclopentyl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
ethyl 3-acetoxyhexanoate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadien-1-ol
FL
2-
hexenal
FL
2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
2-
hexenyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL
hexyl propionate
FL/FR
linalyl hexanoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 4-pentenoate
FL
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
(E)-2-
methyl-2-octenal
FL
3-
methyl-3-pentanol
FL
(E,E)-3,5-
octadien-2-one
FL
4-
phenyl-2-butyl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
alpha-iso
propyl phenyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
propylene acetal
FL/FR
(E)-
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
sorbyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
alliaceous
alliaceous
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
aromatic
para-
cresyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
berry
heptyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cheesy
2-
nonanone
FL/FR
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
citrus
bisabolene
FL/FR
cognac heptanone
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
coconut
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
cooling
manzanate (Givaudan)
FL/FR
creamy
massoia lactone
FL
earthy
1-
hexen-3-yl acetate
FL
estery
ethyl acetoacetate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
fatty
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
floral
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl octanoate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
boronia absolute
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
butyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
butyl propionate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
diethyl malonate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
furfuryl propionate
FL
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
kiwi distillates
FL
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-nonenoate
FL
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-nonenoate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
methyl valerate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL
octen-1-yl cyclopentanone
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
pineapple pentenoate
FL/FR
iso
propyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
tetrahydrofurfuryl butyrate
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde dihexyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexenal diethyl acetal
FL
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl (E)-tiglate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
hexyl octanoate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
4-
methyl-2-pentenal
FL
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
2,4-
octadienal
FL
papaya isobutyrate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
pentenal
FL/FR
2-
pentyl furan
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
nutty
acetal
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl formate
FL/FR
sour
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
sulfurous
buchu mercaptan
FL/FR
tropical
beta-
cyclocitral
FL/FR
guava distillates
FL
propyl propionate
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit
FL
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
iso
amyl butyrate
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
whiskey
3-
methyl-1-pentanol
FL/FR
woody
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple
FRbanana
FRblackberry
 bramble arctic bramble
 bread white bread
 cloudberry bakeapple
FRcoffee
FRcranberry
FRcurrant
FRgrape
FRgreen
FRhop
FRhuckleberry
FRlavender
FRmango
FRpassion fruit
FRraspberry
FRsaffron
FLtomato
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 arctic bramble fruit
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 artichoke
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 beans
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 beef boiled beef
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 blackberry fruit
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 cactus prickly pear
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 cheese mozzarella cheese
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 cloudberry fruit
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 coffee
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 currant black currant fruit
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 grape
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 grapefruit juice
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 guava fruit
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 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ <0.10%
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 hop oil
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 lemon fruit juice
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 lime fruit juice
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 loganberry fruit
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 mango fruit
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 orange fruit juice
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 passion fruit juice
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 pepino fruit
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 pineapple fruit
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 raspberry red raspberry fruit
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 raspberry red raspberry plant
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 tomato
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 vanilla
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 ylang ylang oil
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 ylang ylang oil @ 0.06%
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Synonyms:
 but-2-en-1-ol, 3-methyl-
2-buten-1-ol, 3-methyl-
 dimethyl allyl alcohol
3,3-dimethylallyl alcohol
3-methyl but-2-en-1-ol
3-methyl crotyl alcohol
3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol
2-methyl-2-buten-4-ol
3-methyl-2-butene-1-ol
3-methyl-2-butenol
3-methyl-2-butenyl alcohol
3-methylbut-2-en-1-ol
3-methylcrotyl alcohol
 prenol (3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol)
 prenyl alcohol
 vertenol (Grau)
 

Articles:

PubMed:MEP Pathway-mediated isopentenol production in metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Secondary ion mass spectrometry imaging of Dictyostelium discoideum aggregation streams.
PubMed:cis-Prenyltransferase atCPT6 produces a family of very short-chain polyisoprenoids in planta.
PubMed:Metabolic signatures of triatomine vectors of Trypanosoma cruzi unveiled by metabolomics.
PubMed:Metabolic engineering of Escherichia coli for high-specificity production of isoprenol and prenol as next generation of biofuels.
PubMed:Antibacterial/antifungal activity and synergistic interactions between polyprenols and other lipids isolated from Ginkgo biloba L. leaves.
PubMed:N,O-Nucleosides from ene reactions of nitrosocarbonyl intermediates with the 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol.
PubMed:Sugar availability modulates polyisoprenoid and phytosterol profiles in Arabidopsis thaliana hairy root culture.
PubMed:Synthesis and NMR characterization of (Z,Z,Z,Z,E,E,¤ë)-heptaprenol.
PubMed:Polyprenols from the needles of Taxus chinensis var. mairei.
PubMed:Bacterial degradation of tert-amyl alcohol proceeds via hemiterpene 2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol by employing the tertiary alcohol desaturase function of the Rieske nonheme mononuclear iron oxygenase MdpJ.
PubMed:Hepatoprotective effects of polyprenols from Ginkgo biloba L. leaves on CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity in rats.
PubMed:Role of novel terpenes in transcutaneous permeation of valsartan: effectiveness and mechanism of action.
PubMed:Configuration of polyisoprenoids affects the permeability and thermotropic properties of phospholipid/polyisoprenoid model membranes.
PubMed:Fragrance material review on 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol.
PubMed:Separation of hydrophobic metabolites using monolithic silica column in high-performance liquid chromatography and supercritical fluid chromatography.
PubMed:Complete (1)H and (13)C signal assignment of prenol-10 with 3D NMR spectroscopy.
PubMed:Solid-phase organic synthesis of polyisoprenoid alcohols with traceless sulfone linker.
PubMed:A strategy for position-selective epoxidation of polyprenols.
PubMed:Tumor-specificity and type of cell death induced by vitamin K2 derivatives and prenylalcohols.
PubMed:Characterization of a PRL protein tyrosine phosphatase from Plasmodium falciparum.
PubMed:The search for polyprenols in dendroflora of Vietnam.
PubMed:Analysis of ubiquinones, dolichols, and dolichol diphosphate-oligosaccharides by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Antidyslipidemic activity of polyprenol from Coccinia grandis in high-fat diet-fed hamster model.
PubMed:The use of long-chain plant polyprenols as a means to modify the biological properties of new biodegradable polyurethane scaffolds for tissue engineering. A pilot study.
PubMed:Alloprenols: novel alpha-trans-polyprenols of Allophylus caudatus.
PubMed:Precise bacterial polyprenol length control fails in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:A new approach for the asymmetric total synthesis of umbelactone.
PubMed:Activity of Pichia pastoris alternative cis-prenyltransferase is correlated with proliferation of peroxisomes.
PubMed:Separation of polyprenol and dolichol by monolithic silica capillary column chromatography.
PubMed:Polyprenyl lipid synthesis in mammalian cells expressing human cis-prenyl transferase.
PubMed:The occurrence of polyprenols in seeds and leaves of woody plants.
PubMed:Light conditions alter accumulation of long chain polyprenols in leaves of trees and shrubs throughout the vegetation season.
PubMed:A comprehensive classification system for lipids.
PubMed:Sulfone and phosphinic acid analogs of decaprenolphosphoarabinose as potential anti-tuberculosis agents.
PubMed:[Studies on purification of polyprenol from Ginkgo biloba L. leaves].
PubMed:Analysis of the volatile aroma constituents of parental and hybrid clones of pepino (Solanum muricatum).
PubMed:Proteins are polyisoprenylated in Arabidopsis thaliana.
PubMed:Defects in the N-linked oligosaccharide biosynthetic pathway in a Trypanosoma brucei glycosylation mutant.
PubMed:Heteromeric geranyl diphosphate synthase from mint: construction of a functional fusion protein and inhibition by bisphosphonate substrate analogs.
PubMed:Photooxygenation of allylic alcohols: kinetic comparison of unfunctionalized alkenes with prenol-type allylic alcohols, ethers and acetates.
PubMed:Chemical analysis of Ginkgo biloba leaves and extracts.
PubMed:Protein farnesyltransferase and protein prenylation in Plasmodium falciparum.
PubMed:A general stereocontrolled, convergent synthesis of oligoprenols that parallels the biosynthetic pathway.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of a substituted cellulose from a mutant strain of Xanthomonas campestris.
PubMed:[Synthesis of dolicyl- and polyprenyl sulfates].
PubMed:[Mechanisms of action of aerosol preparations based on Abies siberica polyprenols in experimental influenza infection].
PubMed:[Prophylactic efficacy of aerosol preparations based on Abies siberica polyprenols in experimental influenza infection].
PubMed:Constituents of Pilocarpus trachylophus.
PubMed:Rational design of enantioselective enzymes requires considerations of entropy.
PubMed:High-resolution analysis of polyprenols by supercritical fluid chromatography.
PubMed:Study on the biosynthesis of dolichol in yeast: recognition of the prenyl chain length in polyprenol reduction.
PubMed:Polyprenols in hairy roots of Coluria geoides.
PubMed:Incorporation of radiolabeled prenyl alcohols and their analogs into mammalian cell proteins. A useful tool for studying protein prenylation.
PubMed:The diversity of polyprenol pattern in leaves of fruit trees belonging to Rosaceae and Cornaceae.
PubMed:Nonglucosylated oligosaccharides are transferred to protein in MI8-5 Chinese hamster ovary cells.
PubMed:Transfer of two oligosaccharides to protein in a Chinese hamster ovary cell B211 which utilizes polyprenol for its N-linked glycosylation intermediates.
PubMed:Identification of Schizosaccharomyces pombe prenol as dolichol-16,17.
PubMed:Reduced utilization of Man5GlcNAc2-P-P-lipid in a Lec9 mutant of Chinese hamster ovary cells: analysis of the steps in oligosaccharide-lipid assembly.
PubMed:Prenylation of proteins in Trypanosoma brucei.
PubMed:On the specific pattern of long chain polyprenols in green needles of Pinus mugo Turra.
PubMed:6-O-alpha-L-Arabinopyranosyl-beta-D-glucopyranosides as aroma precursors from passion fruit.
PubMed:Dolichyl phosphate, a potent inducer of apoptosis in rat glioma C6 cells.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of isoprenoid compounds in cattle filarial parasite Setaria digitata.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of membrane-derived oligosaccharides. Membrane-bound glucosyltransferase system from Escherichia coli requires polyprenyl phosphate.
PubMed:Function of alpha-D-glucosyl monophosphorylpolyprenol in biosynthesis of cell wall teichoic acids in Bacillus coagulans.
PubMed:The function of galactosyl phosphorylpolyprenol in biosynthesis of lipoteichoic acid in Bacillus coagulans.
PubMed:Long-chain polyprenols in gymnosperm plants.
PubMed:Prenol nomenclature. Recommendations 1986. IUPAC-IUB Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature (JCBN).
PubMed:Biosynthesis of poly(galactosylglycerol phosphate) in Bacillus coagulans.
PubMed:Structure and functions of linkage unit intermediates in the biosynthesis of ribitol teichoic acids in Staphylococcus aureus H and Bacillus subtilis W23.
PubMed:Total synthesis of chain-length-uniform dolichyl phosphates and their fitness to accept hexoses in the enzymatic formation of lipoglycans.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of wall teichoic acids in Staphylococcus aureus H, Micrococcus varians and Bacillus subtilis W23. Involvement of lipid intermediates containing the disaccharide N-acetylmannosaminyl N-acetylglucosamine.
PubMed:The occurrence and seasonal distribution of C50-C60-polyprenols and of C100-and similar long-chain polyprenols in leaves of plants.
PubMed:Subcellular localization and substrate specificity of dolichol kinase from rat liver.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of polysaccharides in Acetobacter xylinum. Sequential synthesis of a heptasaccharide diphosphate prenol.
PubMed:Synthesis of mannosyl cellobiose diphosphate prenol in Acetobacter xylinum.
PubMed:Paramagnetic isoprenoid carrier lipids. 1. Chemical synthesis and incorporation into model membranes.
PubMed:Factors affecting glucosyl and mannosyl transfer to dolichyl monophosphate by liver cell-free preparations.
PubMed:Glucolipids of Zea mays and Pisum sativum.
PubMed:Mechanism of the isomerization of isopentenyl pyrophosphate in Rhodotorual rubra-1.
PubMed:Incorporation of radioactive mevalonate into C50 and C55 phenols by Streptococcus mutans.
PubMed:Identification of prenol intermediates of wall biosynthesis in growing cells of Lactobacillus plantarum.
PubMed:The transfer of mannose from guanosine diphosphate mannose to dolichol phosphate and protein by pig liver endoplasmic reticulum.
PubMed:Polyprenol phosphate as an acceptor of mannose from guanosine diphosphate mannose in Aspergillus niger.
PubMed:Polyprenols of Aspergillus niger. Their characterization, biosynthesis and subcellular distribution.
PubMed:Prenol phosphates and mannosyltransferases.
PubMed:The characterization of undecaprenol of Lactobacillus plantarum.
PubMed:The characterization and distribution of hexahydropolyprenyl esters in cultures of Aspergillus fumigatus Fresenius.
PubMed:Testicular sterols. V. Preparation and partial purification of a microsomal prenol pyrophosphate pyrophosphohydrolase.
 
Notes:
Constit. of ylang-ylang and hop oils. Found in orange peel oil and various fruits e.g. orange, lemon, lime, grape, pineapple, purple passion fruit, loganberry etc. Flavouring ingredient
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