alpha-pinene
DL-pin-2(3)-ene
 
Notes:
beta-pinene is also available; used in manufacture of camphor, insecticides, solvents, plasticizers, perfume bases, synthetic pine oil; can be irritating to skin, mucous membranes; an insect attractants. V. widely distributed in plants; reported in over 400 essential oils. Flavouring ingredient alpha-Pinene is an organic compound of the terpene class, one of two isomers of pinene. It is found in the oils of many species of many coniferous trees, notably the pine. It is also found in the essential oil of rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis). Both enantiomers are known in nature; 1S,5S- or (-)-alpha-pinene is more common in European pines, whereas the 1R,5R- or (+)-alpha-isomer is more common in North America. The racemic mixture is present in some oils such as eucalyptus oil. (Wikipedia)
  • Advanced Biotech
  • Augustus Oils
    • Augustus Oils Ltd
      The Premier Supplier
      Augustus Oils Ltd, in harmony with nature - to present it at its best...
      A wealth of experience, expertise and knowledge has allowed Augustus to bridge the gulf in expectation and trust between growers and users of natural ingredients. The Company works in partnership with customers on the one hand, and growers, farmers and distillers on the other. Both users and producers can then focus on exactly what they do best, while skilled Augustus technicians closely monitor and control the delivered product. This ensures users can have the confidence that they will receive the best raw materials suited to their requirements. Augustus has invested in modern, well equipped laboratories to provide unparalleled control of quality, and a development environment that continues to produce innovative ranges of natural ingredients. The strength of the company is built on both its comprehensive knowledge base, and extensive stocks of raw materials for both fragrance and flavour use. To complement its range of conventional and Organic Essential Oils and Aroma Chemicals, Augustus also offers a steadily increasing range of its own, UK manufactured Natural Extracts, Absolutes, Resinoids and Natural Chemicals. These again are fully tested and certificated, and very tightly quality controlled. Augustus is committed to promoting the use of natural ingredients, wherever the potential lies and to provide an environment of support and trust to both our customers and suppliers.
      Email: Enquiries
      Email: Sales
      Email: web site enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0)1420 590555
      Fax: +44 (0)1420 592420
      Services
      Product(s):
      Pinene Alpha
       
  • Berjé
    • Berje Inc.
      The solution is clear
      Where the world comes to its senses - Berjé is a global distributor of Essential Oils and Aromatic Chemicals.
      Berjé is a family-owned business that has been in operation for six decades. The company's origins and strength lie in a profound understanding of the supply and the quality of the diverse raw materials consumed by the flavor and fragrance industries. This base was expanded upon more than two decades ago to include fragrance production. The company's unparalleled raw material expertise is focused on the supply of essential oils and aromatic chemicals. This is supported by our long-standing relationships with a worldwide fabric of producers ensuring the greatest prospects for uninterrupted supply in markets that are often volatile and unpredictable.
      Email: For Information
      Email: For Sales
      Voice: 973-748-8980
      Fax: 973-680-9618
      Flavor Ingredients
      Fragrance Ingredients
      Functional Ingredients
      Happening at Berje
      Product(s):
      alpha-Pinene P & F
       
  • Blue Marble Biomaterials
  • Excellentia International
    • Excellentia International
      Ingredients by Nature
      Exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers requirements.
      Excellentia International was founded in 2010 through the merger of Excellentia Flavors LLC and Polarome International. Collectively, these companies account for more than one hundred years of industry experience, and are recognized for exceptional quality and excellence in meeting our customers’ requirements.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Email: Regulatory
      Voice: 732.749.9840
      Our Services
      Product(s):
      alpha-Pinene Natural
       
  • Fleurchem
    • Fleurchem, Inc.
      Have A Flavorful Day
      A leading global manufacturer and supplier of ingredients for Flavors, Fragrances, AromaTherapy, Foods, Beverages, Personal Care Products, and other uses.
      Operating out of the 200,000 sq. ft., former Hercules/PFW facility in Middletown, NY; Fleurchem produces a full range of natural isolates, synthetic chemicals & specialities, essential oils and flavors. Additionally, the company performs toll manufacturing, as well as custom chemical synthesis for a wide range of clients.
      Email: Information
      US Voice: 845-341-2100
      US Fax: 845-341-2121
      Product(s):
      alpha-pinene
       
  • Foreverest Resources
    • Foreverest Resources Ltd.
      Leading pine based chemicals supplier
      Supplying turpentine based and natural/extracted flavor & fragrance ingredients.
      Foreverest Resources Ltd. is a materials supplier, exporting gum turpentine based, terpene derivertives and natural/extracted monomers and intermediates from China since 1988. We offers high quality raw materials for flavors and fragrances synthetic manufacturing in the world.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +86 (0)592 5105533
      Fax: +86 (0)592 5151667
      foreverest Skype Skype
      Linkedin
      News
      Product(s):
      alpha-Pinene
      Alpha-Pinene is a monoterpene, is obtained by the fractionation of gum turpentine oil which is tapped from living pine tree it is largely used as starting material for the synthesis of terpineol, camphor, borneol and terpene resin, synthetic perfumes and resins, medicines and other synthetic organic chemicals. Alpha pinene is used in flavors and fragrances, alpha pinene can be used as raw material in optical active pharmaceutical intermediate and aroma chemicals industries.
       
       
  • Indukern F&F
  • M&U International
    • M&U International LLC
      Steady supply & demand
      Meeting customers increasing demands at home as well as abroad.
      M&U dedicates itself to the development and production of new products as well as continuously promoting those new products. We’ve maintained a steady supply&demand relationship with a large number of manufacturers at home and abroad. We’ve developed an extensive network and because of our relationships with these manufacturers, we’re able to provide a stable supply of great quality materials. We’re located in China’s largest communications hub, Shanghai and in the U.S. near one of the largest sea ports on the East Coast. The strategic locations of our facilities ensure convenient, prompt and secure delivery of our products to our customers. We warmly welcome your inquiries, come witness our solemn commitment for yourself.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
      Voice: +86-21-32515501 60762991 60762992
      Fax: +86-21-32515502 64204960
      US Voice: 908-359-9000
      US Fax: 908-359-9002
      News
      Product(s):
      A0453 alpha-PINENE
       
  • Nectar Lifesciences
    • Nectar Lifesciences Ltd.
      Customer First: Deliver quality products & services by adopting best practices.
      To alleviate human suffering with excellent global quality and affordable medicines.
      Nectar Lifesciences Ltd. (NLL) is a knowledge driven organization which constitutes a vital part of fast growing Indian Pharmaceutical Industry. In a short span of existence, NLL has today emerged as 365 ranked organization amongst the top 500 Indian Corporates & is currently among top 25 fore runners of the Indian Pharmaceutical industry with a top 5 ranking in the Indian Bulk Drug Industry from a stand alone Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (API Manufacture) perspective.
      Email: Jatin Sabharwal
      Voice: +91172-3047777
      Fax: +91172-3047755
      MARKETING OFFICE: MUMBAI+9122-32060171
      MARKETING OFFICE: MUMBAI+9122-26736793
      Jatin Sabharwal Skype Skype
      Media Gallery
      Investor Relations
      Green Tech
      Product(s):
      Alpha Pinene
       
  • Pell Wall Perfumes
    • Pell Wall Perfumes
      Hand-made fragrances
      Pell Wall maintains a broad palette of ingredients & in order to keep stocks fresh & the options wide we also sell from our own stock.
      Pell Wall was founded by perfumer Chris Bartlett to provide exclusive hand-made fragrances to a select few people who love them. All our products are created using fine quality ingredients, many of which we also offer for sale to other perfumers and enthusiasts. Pell Wall make fragrances for men, for women and for the home. If you’re looking for something even more exclusive our bespoke fragrance design service could be what you’re looking for: we design custom fragrances for individuals, other perfume brands, hotels, corporations and organisations.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 1630 652546
      Mobile+44 7792 580511
      Blog
      Product(s):
      Pinene alpha
      According to Arctander “alpa-Pinene is one of the lowest boiling of all Monoterpenes, and has therefore the most diffusive odor and poorest tenacity. It is also one of the purest commercially available Monoterpenes, the chief impurities being beta-Pinene and Camphene.”
       
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      16-52600 alpha-PINENE, Kosher
      16-52601 alpha-PINENE, NATURAL, Kosher
       
  • Robertet
    • Robertet, Inc.
      HOME OF NATURE, SEED TO SCENT
      HOME OF NATURE – natural ingredients from the source.
      Robertet is a leader in the production of natural ingredients with facilities in France, Bulgaria, Turkey, South Africa, India, China, New Caledonia, Founded in 1850, Robertet remains a family owned business (5th Generation) and one of the largest producers of aromatic extracts. Brand acquisitions include: Charabot, Sapad, Hitex.
      US Email: Customer service
      US Email: Arnaud Adrian
      Email: Flavor:
      Email: Fragrance:
      Voice: 33 4 93 40 33 66
      Fax: 33 4 93 70 68 09
      US Voice: +1.201.337.7100
      +1 212 710 4600Robertet New York Creative Center
      +1 212 245 4092Robertet New York Creative Center
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      Crop Calendar
      Product(s):
      100635 Pinene alpha naturel
       
  • SRS Aromatics
    • SRS Aromatics Ltd
      For over 25 years
      Bringing flavour and fragrance into your world.
      As suppliers / distributors of ingredients to the fragrance and flavour industries, our goal is to provide high quality materials at competitive prices with an exceptional level of service. Established in 1984, SRS Aromatics Ltd is an independent family owned business which has become very well-respected within the fragrance and flavour industry as a reliable and trustworthy partner. Over the years this has allowed the company to develop strong relationships with many global manufacturers; several of whom we represent in the UK. A core aim of our business is to work extremely closely with both our suppliers and customers to maximise service levels with minimum disruption to supply.
      Email: Info
      Email: Sales
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 704076
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 760819
      Twitter
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      Product(s):
      alpha-PINENE
       
  • The John D. Walsh Company
    • The John D. Walsh Company, Inc
      Suppliers Since 1942
      Supplying the fragrance and flavor industry with high quality products.
      The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. has evolved from its beginnings as an agent/broker into a distributor of essential oils, aroma chemicals, concretes and absolutes. We currently represent the following companies, as their North American distributor: Destilerias Munoz Galvez, S.A. International Flavors & Fragrances PFW Aroma Chemicals B.V. Innospec Widnes Limited Hydrodiffusion de Guatemala, S. A. DSM Nutritional Products The John D. Walsh Company, Inc. is proud to be a founding member of IFEAT, an active member of IFRA, North America, and a corporate sponsor of the WFFC.
      Email: Information
      Email: Sales
      Email: Firmenich Flavor inquiries
      Voice: 973-962-1400
      Fax: 973-962-1557
      Firmenich Flavor Phone:973-962-1888
      Firmenich Flavor Fax:973-962-1898
      History
      Product(s):
      alpha-Pinene 99% Natural
       
  • Treatt
    • Treatt PLC
      Innovative ingredient solutions
      World-leading innovative ingredient solutions provider for the flavour, fragrance and FMCG industries.
      We offer innovative and trend-setting product concepts for our customers, collaborating with them to create true value for their products.
      Email: Enquiries
      US Email: Enquiries
      Voice: +44 (0) 1284 702500
      Fax: +44 (0) 1284 703809
      US Voice: +1 863 668 9500
      US Fax: +1 863 668 3388
      News
      Product(s):
      alpha-Pinene
       
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      Passion for Simplicity
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: 570-476-6300
      US Fax: 570-476-1110
      Facebook
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      Blog
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      501101 Pinene Alpha
      502550 Pinene Alpha PF
       
  • Zanos
    • Zanos
      Extensive Network
      Consulting, sourcing and distribution of aroma chemicals, perfume ingredients, fragrance ingredients and speciality chemicals.
      Following a corporate career spanning almost 20 years with Bush Boake Allen, Henkel, Bunzl and Amersham International, Zanos was formed by Julian Sarkar in 2000 to bring together best knowledge, contact networks and experience of the flavour and fragrance and speciality chemicals markets.
      Email: Info
      Email: Deborah Lever
      Voice: +44 (0) 1565 755899
      Facebook
      Twitter
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      Blog
      Distribution
      Sourcing
      Products List: View
      Product(s):
      Alpha Pinene Desulphure
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene (Click)
CAS Number: 80-56-8Picture of molecule
Other: 2437-95-8
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 201-291-9
FDA UNII: JPF3YI7O34
Nikkaji Web: J3.210G
Beilstein Number: 3194807
MDL: MFCD00001339
CoE Number: 2113
XlogP3-AA: 2.80 (est)
Molecular Weight: 136.23752000
Formula: C10 H16
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Also(can) Contains: L-(-)-alpha-pinene
EFSA/JECFA Comments: JECFA name: alpha-Pinene. EFSA conclusion: additional data required (EFSA, 2009j). Racemate. According to the JECFA: "Min. assay value may include traces of limonene, beta pinene and other common C10H16 terpenes". Composition of mixture to be specified.
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 1329  alpha-pinene
Flavis Number: 01.004 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.004  DL-pin-2(3)-ene
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: DL-pin-2(3)-ene
FEMA Number: 2902  alpha-pinene
FDA Mainterm: ALPHA-PINENE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.320 Resinous and polymeric coatings for polyolefin films.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % sum of isomers
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 0.85300 to 0.86100 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.098 to  7.164
Specific Gravity: 0.85400 to 0.86200 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 7.114 to 7.181
Refractive Index: 1.46300 to 1.46700 @  20.00 °C.
Refractive Index: 1.46400 @  25.00 °C.
Optical Rotation: -35.00 to -40.00
Melting Point: -64.00 to  -62.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 155.00 to  156.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 72.00 to  73.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 4.750000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Flash Point: 90.00 °F. TCC ( 32.22 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.830
Shelf Life: 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 2.49 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: herbal
Odor Strength: high ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
 fresh  camphoreous  sweet  pine  earthy  woody  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
fresh camphor sweet pine earthy woody
Luebke, William tgsc, (1986)
 woody  pine  terpenic  cooling  camphoreous  fresh  herbal  
Odor Description:
at 10.00 %.  
Woody, piney and turpentine-like, with a slight cooling camphoraceous nuance and a fresh herbal lift
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
 woody  pine  terpenic  camphoreous  herbal  spicy  tropical  
Taste Description:
at 5.00 - 100.00 ppm. 
Intense woody, piney and terpy with camphoraceous and turpentine note. It has herbal, spicy and slightly tropical nuances
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 25, No. 6, 26, (2000)
Substantivity: 4 Hour(s)
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data2
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
ALPHA PINENE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Pine
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
a-Pinene
Arora Aromatics
Alpha Pinene
Augustus Oils
Pinene Alpha
Services
Berjé
alpha-Pinene P & F
Happening at Berje
Blue Marble Biomaterials
Alpha-Pinene
CG Herbals
a-Pinene
CG Herbals
alpha-Pinene Ex Euts
Odor: Warm- Resinous Refreshing Pine
CG Herbals
alpha-Pinene ex mint
Odor: Harsh, Terpene-Like, Minty
Citrus and Allied Essences
alpha-Pinene (refined) (natural)
Odor: warm-resinous pine-like odor or turpentine
Market Report
Creatingperfume.com
alpha-Pinene Natural
De Monchy Aromatics
alpha-Pinene, Natural
Odor: sweet, fresh, camphor, woody, pine, earthy
Diffusions Aromatiques
alpha-PINENE NATUREL
Diffusions Aromatiques
alpha-PINENE
DRT Terpenes
alpha-PINENE PF
≥ 98%
Ernesto Ventós
PINENE ALPHA NATURAL
Odor: PINE, CAMPHORACEOUS, EARTHY
Excellentia International
alpha-Pinene Natural
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
(+/-)-alpha-Pinene (GC) ≥98%
Fleurchem
alpha-pinene
Florida Chemical
a-Pinene
Foreverest Resources
alpha-Pinene
Odor: characteristic
Use: Alpha-Pinene is a monoterpene, is obtained by the fractionation of gum turpentine oil which is tapped from living pine tree it is largely used as starting material for the synthesis of terpineol, camphor, borneol and terpene resin, synthetic perfumes and resins, medicines and other synthetic organic chemicals. Alpha pinene is used in flavors and fragrances, alpha pinene can be used as raw material in optical active pharmaceutical intermediate and aroma chemicals industries.
Fuzhou Farwell
Alpha Pinene 95%
Indukern F&F
ALPHA PINENE LAEVO NATURAL
CROP CALENDAR
Kraton
SYLVAPINE® 402
Odor: characteristic
Use: SYLVAPINE® 402 is an alpha-pinene used as an intermediate for making camphor, perfumes, terpineol, resins and insecticides. SYLVAPINE® 402 can also be used as a cleaner, solvent and a disinfectant.
Kraton
SYLVAPINE® 402SF
M&U International
alpha-PINENE
Mentha & Allied Products
alpha-Pinene
80% to 95%
Nectar Lifesciences
Alpha Pinene
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
alpha-Pinene 95% up
Pell Wall Perfumes
Pinene alpha
Odor: Warm-woody, fresh-pine, resinous
Use: According to Arctander “alpa-Pinene is one of the lowest boiling of all Monoterpenes, and has therefore the most diffusive odor and poorest tenacity. It is also one of the purest commercially available Monoterpenes, the chief impurities being beta-Pinene and Camphene.”
Penta International
alpha-PINENE, Kosher
Penta International
alpha-PINENE, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
alpha-Pinene
Reincke & Fichtner
L-alpha-Pinene natural
Robertet
Pinene alpha naturel
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
a-Pinene
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
a-Pinene 98%
SRS Aromatics
alpha-PINENE
Odor: Sweet, Woody, Pine, Earthy
Takasago
Pinene Alpha
≥97% as alpha-Pinene
Odor: Dry.woody, resinous-piney
Use: For use in flavor, fragrance, and in essential oil imitations.
The Fragrance Museum
The John D. Walsh Company
alpha-Pinene 99% Natural
Treatt
alpha-Pinene
Vigon International
Pinene Alpha PF
Vigon International
Pinene Alpha
Zanos
Alpha Pinene Desulphure
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn N - Harmful, Dangerous for the environment.
R 10 - Flammable.
R 22 - Harmful if swallowed.
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 50/53 - Very toxic to aquatic organisms, may cause long-term adverse effects in the aquatic environment.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 16 - Keep away from sources of ignition - No Smoking.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
S 60 - This material and its container must be disposed of as hazardous waste.
S 61 - Avoid release to the environment. Refer to special instructions/safety data sheet.
S 62 - If swallowed, do not induce vomiting: seek medical advice immediately and show this container or label.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
Flammable liquids (Category 3), H226
Aspiration hazard (Category 1), H304
Skin irritation (Category 2), H315
Skin sensitisation (Category 1), H317
Acute aquatic toxicity (Category 3), H402
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogramflame.jpghealth-hazard.jpgexclamation-mark.jpg
 
Signal word Warning
Hazard statement(s)
H226 - Flammable liquid and vapour
H304 - May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways
H315 - Causes skin irritation
H317 - May cause an allergic skin reaction
H402 - Harmful to aquatic life
Precautionary statement(s)
P210 - Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 - Keep container tightly closed.
P240 - Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P241 - Use explosion-proof electrical/ventilating/lighting/…/equipment.
P242 - Use only non-sparking tools.
P243 - Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 - Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 - Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P272 - Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace.
P273 - Avoid release to the environment.
P280 - Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P301 + P310 - IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P303 + P361 + P353 - IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P331 - Do NOT induce vomiting.
P333 + P313 - IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P362 - Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse.
P370 + P378 - In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam for extinction.
P403 + P235 - Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P405 - Store locked up.
P501 - Dispose of contents/ container to an approved waste disposal plant.
Human Experience:
1 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 3700 mg/kg
Identity of compound not stated
(Moreno, 1972n)

intraperitoneal-mouse LD  > 500 mg/kg
"Summary Tables of Biological Tests," National Research Council Chemical-Biological Coordination Center. Vol. 4, Pg. 232, 1952.

oral-rat LD50  3700 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 853, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 853, 1978.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-guinea pig LCLo 572 ug/m3
BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 853, 1978.

inhalation-rat TCLo 625 ug/m3
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES BRAIN AND COVERINGS: RECORDINGS FROM SPECIFIC AREAS OF CNS SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: OTHER: EYE
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 16, Pg. 853, 1978.

Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Other Specification: < 10 mmoles / liter peroxides
Recommendation for alpha-pinene usage levels up to:
  10.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 1800.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 2444.00 (μg/capita/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -160.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 16.0000054.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: 2.60000150.00000
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -64.00000
fruit ices: -64.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -48.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of aliphatic and aromatic terpene hydrocarbons used as flavour ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Statement on List of Representative Substances for Testing. The current Statement lays down a list of substances in sub-groups with representative substances for which additional data are required prior to their evaluation through the Procedure (Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000).
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons (chemical group 31) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 2 (FGE.78Rev2): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev3
View page or View pdf
Safety and efficacy of eight compounds belonging to chemical group 31 (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) when used as flavourings for all animal species and categories
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 80-56-8
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 6654
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WISER: UN 2368
WGK Germany: 1
 4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
Chemidplus: 0000080568
EPA/NOAA CAMEO: hazardous materials
RTECS: DT7000000 for cas# 80-56-8
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
Leffingwell: chirality
 4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 80-56-8
Pubchem (cid): 6654
Pubchem (sid): 134972323
Flavornet: 80-56-8
Pherobase: View
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C09880
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB06525
FooDB: FDB014366
Export Tariff Code: 2902.19.0000
Haz-Map: View
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Read: Under the conditions of intended use - New developments in the FEMA GRAS program and the safety assessment of flavor ingredients
Read: A GRAS assessment program for flavor ingredients
Read: Sensory testing for flavorings with modifying properties. Food Technology
Read: Criteria for the safety evaluation of flavoring substances
Read: A procedure for the safety evaluation of natural flavor complexes used as ingredients in food: essential oils
Read: FEMA Expert Panel: 30 Years of safety evaluation for the flavor industry
Read: Consumption ratio and food predominance of flavoring materials
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
aldehydic
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
amber
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
anisic
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro-borneolFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 clover nitrileFR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 gurjun balsamFR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
(Z)-pinaneFR
camphoreous
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 fencholFL/FR
 hinoki leaf oilFR
citrus
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
earthy
scotch pine needle oilFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil estoniaFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil yugoslaviaFL/FR
fatty
 decanolFL/FR
floral
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranolFR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
 heliotropyl diethyl acetalFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 hyacinth etherFR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 leerallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linaloolFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 orris pyridine 25% IPMFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 verdyl acetateFR
fresh
10-undecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
fruity
 allyl amyl glycolateFR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 green acetateFR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
green
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
hay
 hay absoluteFR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 myrtenolFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
 nopyl acetateFR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 pine hexanolFR
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
 sage oleoresinFL/FR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
marine
 marine pyridineFR
minty
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
mossy
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 treemoss absoluteFR
 veramoss (IFF)FR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
pine
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon 
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
 tea tree oilFR
sweet
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
terpenic
 cypress leaf oilFR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
D-(+)-beta-pineneFL/FR
 pinus nigra twig leaf oilFR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
thujonic
 armoise oilFR
 sage oil dalmatianFL/FR
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
tonka
 flouve absoluteFR
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 decyl acetateFL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
woody
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
 cedarwood oil port orfordFR
 cedrela wood oilFR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
 nopyl aldehydeFR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
cis-2-pinanolFR
 santallFR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
(Z)-woody amyleneFR
 woody propanolFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 ambrette seed oilFL/FR
laevo-borneolFL/FR
dextro-borneolFL/FR
dextro,laevo-borneolFL/FR
laevo-bornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl methyl etherFL/FR
isobornyl propionateFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
2,4-ivy carbaldehydeFL/FR
 laurus nobilis leaf oilFL/FR
laevo-limoneneFL/FR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 myrtenyl formateFL/FR
 myrtenyl isobutyrate 
scotch pine needle oilFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil estoniaFL/FR
scotch pine needle oil yugoslaviaFL/FR
D-(+)-beta-pineneFL/FR
laevo-beta-pineneFL/FR
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon 
 thuja occidentalis leaf oilFL/FR
aldehydic
 decanolFL/FR
 nonanal (aldehyde C-9)FL/FR
anise
 anise seed oil colombiaFL/FR
sweet fennel seed oilFL/FR
aromatic
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 heliotropyl acetoneFL/FR
camphoreous
 bornyl acetateFL/FR
 camphor tree bark oilFL/FR
 fencholFL/FR
6-hydroxydihydrotheaspirane (mixture of isomers)FL/FR
citrus
 linaloolFL/FR
alpha-terpineolFL/FR
cooling
isobutyl salicylateFL/FR
creamy
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
fatty
10-undecenal (aldehyde C-11 undecylenic)FL/FR
floral
 bois de rose oil brazilFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 linalyl acetateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
fruity
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
isobutyl furyl propionateFL/FR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 raspberry ketoneFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 1 (aldehyde C-16 (so-called))FL/FR
greasy
10-undecen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 angelica root oilFL/FR
 cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 cyclamen aldehydeFL/FR
 cyclohexyl ethyl alcoholFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 galbanum oilFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl salicylateFL/FR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl tiglateFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
(Z)-leaf acetalFL/FR
 linalool oxideFL/FR
 oakmoss absoluteFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
herbal
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 clary sage oil franceFL/FR
 coriander seed oilFL/FR
 hyssop oilFL/FR
abrialis lavandin oilFL/FR
 lavender absolute bulgariaFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 pinocarveolFL/FR
 rosemary oil spainFL/FR
 sage oleoresinFL/FR
honey
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
minty
 myrtenolFL/FR
 pennyroyal oilFL/FR
phenolic
 methyl benzoateFL/FR
soapy
 dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)FL/FR
1-dodecanolFL/FR
spicy
 allspice oilFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
 eugenolFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 myrtle oilFL/FR
black pepper oilFL/FR
white pepper oleoresinFL
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 pimenta acris leaf oilFL/FR
sweet
 vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)FL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
thujonic
 sage oil dalmatianFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillyl acetateFL/FR
waxy
 decanal (aldehyde C-10)FL/FR
 decyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 mimosa absolute franceFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
isobornyl isovalerateFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 spruce needle oil canadaFL/FR
 terpinoleneFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 corianderFL/FR
 cuminFL/FR
 fir 
 herbalFR
 labdanumFL/FR
 lavenderFR
 lemonFR
 litsea cubebaFL/FR
 mangoFR
 neroliFR
 nutmegFR
 pepper 
 pineFR
 rosemaryFR
 thymeFL/FR
 witch hazelFR
 woodyFR
 ylang ylangFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 abies holophylla
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 achillea tenuifolia lam. flower oil iran @ 7.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 agathosma crenulata oil @ 0.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ajowan seed oil turkey @ 0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 allspice fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 alpinia galanga oil @ 10.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 amomum testaceum ridl. fruit oil malaysia @ 3.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica root oil @ 32.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil @ 5.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 11.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise oil
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 apple custard apple plant
Search Trop  Picture
 apple fruit
Search  Picture
 armoise oil morocco @ 1.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia diffusa krasch. ex poljak oil iran @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia santolina schrenk oil iran @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ayou wood oil @ 2.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil flower oil sweet @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil leaf oil sweet (ocimum basilicum) @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil CO2 sweet @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet @ 0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet egypt @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet poland @ 0.83%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil var. glabratum turkey @ 0.43%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 basswood flower
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel bark
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel flower
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel wood
Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.46-0.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil anise @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil lemon @ 0.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot mint oil @ 0.0-0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.720-1.844%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil turkey @ 0.81%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot plant wild
Search Trop  Picture
 blackberry fruit
Search  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. sanguinello) italy @ 0.502%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil (citrus sinensis l. var. tarocco) italy @ 0.478%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blood orange oil italy @ 0.480%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bombycilaena erecta oil greece @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 buchu leaf oil @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cabocla flower oil brazil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil @ 1.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil vietnam @ 3.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamintha nepeta (l.) savi subsp. glandulosa oil greece @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus root oil mongolia @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga fruit oil @ 11.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga leaf oil @ 14.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 caraway plant
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed
Search Trop  Picture
 caraway seed oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom oil CO2 extract guatemala @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cardamom seed oil @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carqueja oil @ 6.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 9.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil spain @ 0.50-1.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot weed oil @ 1.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 2.59%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cassia bark oil china @ 3.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassia leaf oil china @ 3.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 13.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 9.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassis bud oil @ 1.30-9.23%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedarleaf oil canada @ 0.55-1.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery leaf oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil egypt @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery seed oil india @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 celery stem oil
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile flower oil germany @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile oil @ 1.05%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 chamomile oil morocco @ 15.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 4.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 8.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) india @ 0.18%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil (cinnamomum zeylanicum blume) sri lauka @ 0.04-0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon bark oil ceylon @ 3.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon stem bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon fruit oil india @ 0.1-1.6%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon leaf oil ceylon @ 0.33%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon oil CO2 extract @ 0.06-0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon twig oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil ceylon @ 1.87%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil china @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil java @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 citronella oil zimbabwe @ 0.32%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil france @ 0.10-0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil sardinia @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 coriander seed oil cuba @ 1.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 corn husk oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint oil india @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cornmint plant
Search Trop  Picture
 costmary oil @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cotton plant
Search Trop  Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 16.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ 5.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil egypt @ 0.78%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed oil turkey @ 1.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 curry fruit oil india @ 48.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 9.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cymbopogon citratus (dc.) stapf. oil cuba @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress cone oil egypt @ 48.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cypress oil @ 47.00-52.76%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 dill leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 dill oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed
Search Trop  Picture
 dill seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 dill weed oil cuba @ 3.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 dill weed oil reunion @ 1.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 echinophora cinerea oil iran @ 9.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 elemi oil @ 5.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 erigeron graveolens l. oil iran @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eriocephalus punctulatus oil @ 6.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus dalrympleana maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 26.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus deaneti maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus delegatensis r. baker leaf oil ethiopia @ 28.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 3.61%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 3.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 12.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil burundia @ 8.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil pakistan @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil rwanda @ 6.23%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil zambia @ 14.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 12.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 44.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus nitens (deane et maiden) maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 21.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 38.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 24.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 13.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus viminalis labill. leaf oil ethiopia @ 28.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 featherfew leaf oil @ 1.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 4.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel plant
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel root oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil bitter lithuania @ 19.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil bitter spain @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fennel seed oil sweet @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ 0.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew leaf oil belgium @ 1.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 fir korean fir
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil canada @ 6.18-14.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fir needle oil siberia @ 13.74%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 foeniculum vulgare piperitum oil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 frankincense oil somalia @ 3.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 5.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium leaf oil india @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium petiole oil india @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium stem oil india @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 1.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 gingergrass oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 glycosmis pentaphylla (cor.) seed oil india @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. @ 0.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. italy @ 0.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.74%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.74%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 0.78%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil c.p. russia @ 1.76%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil california @ 0.45%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit oil CO2 extract @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 guava leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 guava oil
Search Trop  Picture
 guava pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 3.41%
Data  Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum candolleanum rhizome oil india @ 18.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 heracleum paphlagonicum czeczott fruit oil turkey @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 1.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 0.44%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ho leaf oil @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 hypericum dogonbadanicum assadi oil iran @ 34.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 6.00-14.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 1.80-2.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil @ 33.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper berry oil CO2 extract @ 14.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper branch oil @ 18.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 juniper needle oil @ 33.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kachur oil @ 1.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 kewda oil @ 0.30-0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 39.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum oil @ 0.37%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel bark oil @ 4.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel berry oil @ 2.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil @ 5.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 4.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel stem oil @ 3.5%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel wood oil @ 1.0%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil abrialis @ 0.89%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil china @ 7.91%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavandin oil grosso @ 0.61%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil CO2 extract france @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil france @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil greece @ 0.58%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike france @ 4.77%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 1.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 1.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 1.4%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 1.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 5.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil egypt @ 0.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil morocco @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass plant
Search Trop  Picture
 lime
Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil CO2 extract mexico @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled peru @ 0.99%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 3.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 0.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 litsea cubeba oil china @ 1.43%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage flower oil @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage leaf oil @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root oil @ 0.65%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage seed oil @ 1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mace oil CO2 extract @ 6.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mace oil east india @ 15.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil avana @ 1.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil italy @ 2.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil japan @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin oil uruguay @ 0.48-0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mango flower
Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 18.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. rotundifolium oil australia @ 30.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 1.31%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 0.64%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 1.00-1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet morocco @ 0.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 1.66-1.76%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram plant
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.78-2.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marsypianthes chamaedrys (vahl) kuntze oil brazil @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic leaf oil @ 0.47%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mastic oil @ 78.61%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mayur pankh fruit oil himalaya @ 67.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil @ 0.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 melissa oil slovak republic @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 22.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 26.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikan peel oil @ 0.64%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mikania cordata (burm. f.) b.l. robinson var. cordata leaf oil france @ 9.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mugwort plant
Search Trop  Picture
 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 12.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle lemon scented leaf oil australia @ 7.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle oil @ 35.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 2.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 6.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta cephalotes boiss. oil iran @ 2.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta denudata benth. oil iran @ 1.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta racemosa lam. oil iran @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli bigarde oil france @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli oil CO2 extract @ 0.46%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 niaouli oil egypt @ 6.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg extract CO2 west indian @ 6.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg flower oil @ 9.51%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg leaf oil @ 8.62-34.64%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil hydrodistilled india @ 13.6%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil india @ 22.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ocimum gratissimum l. oil brazil @ 0.27%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 orange oil c.p. brazil @ 0.89-0.95%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter brazil @ 0.89%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter china @ 1.17%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil bitter italy @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.471%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.475%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.475%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.482%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. blond italy @ 0.534%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. egypt @ 0.68%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. florida @ 0.43%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 orange peel oil sweet c.p. valencia @ 0.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 0.56%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 origanum oil greece @ 0.69%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 otanthus maritimus (l.) hoffmans oil greece @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 0.25%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 6.94%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley root
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 22.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 patchouli oil china @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil cuba @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil spain @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pennyroyal oil uruguay @ trace-0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper bell pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper oil black india @ 7.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree berry oil @ 2.66%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pepper tree leaf oil @ 1.46%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil america @ 1.34%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil CO2 extract @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint oil russia @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 5.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bergamot oil @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain bigarade oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain combava oil @ 0.06%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 petitgrain grapefruit oil @ 2.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lemon oil @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain lime oil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain mandarin oil @ 0.98%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 petitgrain sweet oil @ 0.95%
Data  GC  Search  Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 8.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 1.29%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimenta leaf oil @ 0.56%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pimento berry oil CO2 extract jamaica @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil dwarf @ 9.95%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 29.2-36.6%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret branch oil italy @ 89.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret cone oil italy @ 68.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus laricio poiret leaf oil italy @ 53.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 28.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 40.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 piper cernum vell. var. cernum yuncker leaf oil brazil @ 10.20%
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 pittosporum spp. fruit oil malaysia @ 60.20%
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 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.60%
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 plum fruit
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 plumcot fruit
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 pomelo
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 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 6.10%
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 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 1.30%
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 prangos uloptera dc. seed oil iran @ 41.90%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march fruit oil brazil @ 71.20%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 1.60%
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 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march resin oil brazil @ 10.50%
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 pteronia oil @ 18.60%
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 ravintsara leaf oil @ 5.55%%
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 rose oil otto bulgaria @ 0.38%
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 rosemary
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 rosemary leaf
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 rosemary leaf oil
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 rosemary oil
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 rosemary oil china @ 8.53%
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 8.30%
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 rosemary oil corsica @ 22.00%
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 rosemary oil egypt @ 2.46%
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 rosemary oil france @ 19.91-35.08%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 9.56-12.72%
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 rosemary oil spain @ 4.4%
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 rosemary oil turkey @ 0.44%
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 rosemary plant
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 rosemary sap
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 rosemary shoot
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 rosemary shoot oil
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 rue oil china @ 0.02%
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 saffron stigma
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 sage
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 sage leaf oil
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 sage oil
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 sage oil albania @ 1.10%
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 sage oil cuba @ 0.81%
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 sage oil dalmatian @ 0.20%
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 sage oil england @ 3.70%
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 sage oil france @ 0.70%
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 sage oil germany @ 4.08%
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 sage oil hydrodistillation france @ 5.90%
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 sage oil lithuania @ 6.05%
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 sage oil reunion @ 5.40%
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 sage oil sardinia @ 3.70%
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 sage oil spain @ 4.5%
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 sage oil spain @ 4.7-10.9%
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 sage oil spain @ 4.80%
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 sage plant
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 salvia atropatana bunge oil iran @ 0.10%
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 santolina oil @ 0.23%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.30%
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 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.40%
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 savin oil @ 1.60%
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 savin oil @ 69.00%
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 savory oil summer @ 2.35-3.83%
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 savory oil winter @ 3.60%
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 savory oleoresin winter @ 3.60%
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 savory summer savory plant
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 savory winter savory oil
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sideritis scardica l. oil bulgaria @ 1.40%
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 sideritis syriaca l. oil bulgaria @ 18.20%
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 skimmia laureola oil @ 0.2%
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 snake root oil canada @ 0.90%
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 spearmint leaf
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 spearmint oil
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 spearmint oil america @ 0.51-0.72%
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 spikenard oil @ 0.10%
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 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ 0.50%
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 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.20%
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 sunflower plant
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 tagete flower oil rwanda @ trace%
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 tagete oil egypt @ 0.12%
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 tagete oil rwanda @ 0.03%
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 tagete oil turkey @ 0.06%
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 tamarind fruit oil
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 tamarind seed oil
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 tangerine oil america @ 1.41%
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 tansy flower oil canada @ 1.34%
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 tansy flower oil dutch @ 0.20%
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 tansy leaf oil dutch @ 0.30%
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 tansy oil argentina @ trace%
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 tansy oil canada @ 0.20%
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 tansy oil marocco @ 1.30%
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 tarragon leaf oil
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 tarragon oil
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 tarragon oil @ trace%
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 tarragon root oil
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 tarragon shoot
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard branch oil italy @ 53.70%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard cone oil italy @ 71.30%
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 taxodium distichum (l.) richard leaf oil italy @ 79.70%
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 tea leaf
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 tejpat oil @ 1.50%
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 thevetia peruviana (pers.) k. schum. flower oil brazil @ 0.50%
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 thyme absolute @ trace%
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 thyme oil
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 thyme oil portuguese @ 0.7%
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 thyme oil red CO2 extract @ 0.01%
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 thyme oil red india @ 0.4%
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 thyme oil red spain @ 0.49-1.34%
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 thyme oil spain @ 0.04%
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 thyme oil spain @ 2.28%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.90%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping france @ 0.08%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping pakistan @ 0.27%
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 thyme plant
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 0.70%
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 tomato
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 tomato fruit
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 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 0.30%
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 turmeric leaf
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 turmeric oil china @ 0.53%
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric rhizome oil
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 turmeric root oil CO2 extract @ 1.25%
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 turmeric root oil hydrodistilled @ 0.25%
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 turmeric tuber
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 valerian root oil @ 0.1-0.2%
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 valerian root oil china @ 5.46%
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 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 0.60%
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 vassoura oil @ 2.90%
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 verbena oil france @ 0.60%
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 walnut black walnut fruit
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 walnut black walnut nut
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 walnut black walnut oil
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 water mint leaf
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 water mint shoot
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 wormseed oil america @ 0.82%
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 wormseed oil spain @ 0.09%
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 wormwood flower oil annus america @ 0.24%
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 wormwood leaf oil annus america @ 0.40-0.50%
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 wormwood oil america @ 0.69%
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 wormwood oil annus france @ 4.20-15.66%
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 wormwood oil annus vietnam @ 0.74%
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 wormwood oil cuba @ 1.24%
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 wormwood oil italy @ 0.3%
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 wormwood oil poland @ 3.23%
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 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 0.20%
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 yarrow leaf oil @ 0.80%
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 yarrow oil @ 4.20%
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 yarrow oil greece @ 0.40%
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 yarrow oil hungary @ 4.10%
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 ylang ylang
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 ylang ylang oil @ 1.87%
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 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.19%
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 ylang ylang oil I (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 0.16%
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 ylang ylang oil II (cananga odorata hook. f. and thomas.) @ 0.13%
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 ylang ylang oil III @ 0.08%
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 yuzu leaf oil @ 0.68-1.62%
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 yuzu peel oil c.p. @ 0.95-1.11%
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 yuzu peel oil CO2 extract @ 0.64-0.90%
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 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 46.00%
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 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 31.60%
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Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
DL-pin-2(3)-ene
dextro,laevo-pin-2(3)-ene
.alpha.-pinene
2-pinene
a-pinene
alpha-pinene (natural)
alpha-pinene (refined) (natural)
 pinene alpha
 pinene alpha naturel
 pinene alpha PF
alpha-pinene natural
alpha-pinene P & F
alpha-pinene P and F
alpha-pinene PF
alpha-pinene, natural
2,6,6-trimethyl bicyclo-3,1,1-2-heptene
2,6,6-trimethyl bicyclo(3.1.1)hept-2-ene
4,7,7-trimethyl bicyclo(3.1.1)hept-3-ene
4,7,7-trimethylbicyclo[3.1.1]hept-3-ene
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Chemical description and essential oil yield variability of different accessions of Salvia lavandulifolia.
PubMed: Milk volatile organic compounds and fatty acid profile in cows fed timothy as hay, pasture, or silage.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of fruit flavors on methane production during anaerobic digestion.
PubMed: Comparative study on the antioxidant capacity and cholinesterase inhibitory activity of Citrus aurantifolia Swingle, C. aurantium L., and C. bergamia Risso and Poit. peel essential oils.
PubMed: The compositions of volatiles and aroma-active compounds in dried omija fruits (Schisandra chinensis Baillon) according to the cultivation areas.
PubMed: Microbial oxidation of (-)-α-pinene to verbenol production by newly isolated strains.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods.
PubMed: Evaluation of aroma-active compounds in Pontianak orange peel oil ( Citrus nobilis Lour. Var. microcarpa Hassk.) by gas chromatography-olfactometry, aroma reconstitution, and omission test.
PubMed: Comparison of sugar, acids, and volatile composition in raspberry bushy dwarf virus-resistant transgenic raspberries and the wild type 'meeker' (rubus idaeus L.).
PubMed: Chemical composition of volatile extract and biological activities of volatile and less-volatile extracts of juniper berry (Juniperus drupacea L.) fruit.
PubMed: Application of biotransformation in flavor and fragrance industry.
PubMed: Volatile organic compounds of Angelica gigas Nakai, Korean medicinal herb.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of fennel fruits and fennel tea.
PubMed: Effect of different locations on the chemical composition of essential oils of laurel (Laurus nobilis L.) leaves growing wild in Turkey.
PubMed: Characterization of odorants causing an atypical aroma in white pepper powder (Piper nigrum L.) based on quantitative measurements and orthonasal breakthrough thresholds.
PubMed: Gain and loss of fruit flavor compounds produced by wild and cultivated strawberry species.
PubMed: Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Characterization of volatiles in bullock's heart (Annona reticulata L.) fruit cultivars from Cuba.
PubMed: Effects of pulsed electric field processing and storage on the quality and stability of single-strength orange juice.
PubMed: Characterization of volatiles in Costa Rican guava [Psidium friedrichsthalianum (Berg) Niedenzu] fruit.
PubMed: Characterization of volatiles in strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine) fruit.
PubMed: Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Development of rancidity in wheat germ analyzed by headspace gas chromatography and sensory analysis.
PubMed: Flavor compounds of pine sprout tea and pine needle tea.
PubMed: Encapsulation of lemon oil by paste method using beta-cyclodextrin: encapsulation efficiency and profile of oil volatiles.
PubMed: High-temperature forced-air treatment alters the quantity of flavor-related, volatile constituents present in navel and Valencia oranges.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Antioxidant, antiproliferative and antimicrobial activities of the volatile oil from the wild pepper Piper capense used in Cameroon as a culinary spice.
PubMed: Gaseous pollutants emitted from a mechanical biological treatment plant for municipal solid waste: odor assessment and photochemical reactivity.
PubMed: Comparative assessment of a biofilter, a biotrickling filter and a hollow fiber membrane bioreactor for odor treatment in wastewater treatment plants.
PubMed: Characterization of olfactory sensilla of the olive fly: behavioral and electrophysiological responses to volatile organic compounds from the host plant and bacterial filtrate.
PubMed: Effects of starvation on the olfactory responses of the blood-sucking bug Rhodnius prolixus.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination ability of South African fur seals (Arctocephalus pusillus) for enantiomers.
PubMed: Odor abatement in biotrickling filters: effect of the EBRT on methyl mercaptan and hydrophobic VOCs removal.
PubMed: Both gas chromatography and an electronic nose reflect chemical polymorphism of juniper shrubs browsed or avoided by sheep.
PubMed: Chemosensory irritations and pulmonary effects of acute exposure to emissions from oriented strand board.
PubMed: Effect of volatile emissions, especially alpha-pinene, from persimmon trees infested by Japanese wax scales or treated with methyl jasmonate on recruitment of ladybeetle predators.
PubMed: Specificity and redundancy in the olfactory system of the bark beetle Ips typographus: single-cell responses to ecologically relevant odors.
PubMed: Relationship between sick building syndrome and indoor environmental factors in newly built Japanese dwellings.
PubMed: Manuka oil and phoebe oil are attractive baits for Xyleborus glabratus (Coleoptera: Scolytinae), the vector of laurel wilt.
PubMed: Beetle visitations, and associations with quantitative variation of attractants in floral odors of Homalomena propinqua (Araceae).
PubMed: Evaluation of aroma-active compounds in Pontianak orange peel oil ( Citrus nobilis Lour. Var. microcarpa Hassk.) by gas chromatography-olfactometry, aroma reconstitution, and omission test.
PubMed: Responses of the Mediterranean pine shoot beetle Tomicus destruens (Wollaston) to pine shoot and bark volatiles.
PubMed: Evaluation of characteristic aroma compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil.
PubMed: Application of two-stage biofilter system for the removal of odorous compounds.
PubMed: Defensive secretion components of the host Parastizopus armaticeps as kairomones for the cleptoparasite Eremostibes opacus.
PubMed: Character impact odorants of fennel fruits and fennel tea.
PubMed: Characterization of odorants causing an atypical aroma in white pepper powder (Piper nigrum L.) based on quantitative measurements and orthonasal breakthrough thresholds.
PubMed: Volatile constituents and key odorants in leaves, buds, flowers, and fruits of Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Effects of alpha-pinene odor in different concentrations on stress-induced hyperthermia in rats.
PubMed: Phytochemistry of the mopane, Colophospermum mopane.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed: Odor compound detection in male euglossine bees.
PubMed: Aroma compound analysis of Piper nigrum and Piper guineense essential oils from Cameroon using solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography, solid-phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and olfactometry.
PubMed: Alleviating effects of plant-derived fragrances on stress-induced hyperthermia in rats.
PubMed: Exogenous methyl jasmonate induces volatile emissions in cotton plants.
PubMed: Characterization of the odor-active volatiles in citrus Hyuganatsu (Citrus tamurana Hort. ex Tanaka).
PubMed: Effect of in situ composting on reducing offensive odors and volatile organic compounds in swineries.
PubMed: Dynamic deadspace-gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of different anatomical parts of lovage (Levisticum officinale Koch.) at eight growing stages.
PubMed: Development of rancidity in wheat germ analyzed by headspace gas chromatography and sensory analysis.
PubMed: Characterization of the key aroma compounds in dried fruits of the West African peppertree Xylopia aethiopica (Dunal) A. Rich (Annonaceae) using aroma extract dilution analysis.
PubMed: Enantioselectivity of odor perception in squirrel monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Olfactory discrimination ability of human subjects for ten pairs of enantiomers.
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