EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

beta-bisabolene
(1R)-bisabola-4,7(11),10(15)-triene

Sponsors

Name:(4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
CAS Number: 495-61-4Picture of molecule3D/inchi
FDA UNII:S19BRC22QA
Nikkaji Web:J677.682E
XlogP3-AA:5.20 (est)
Molecular Weight:204.35628000
Formula:C15 H24
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
CASrn in Register refers to the (4S)-isomer.
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FLAVIS Number:01.028 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:01.028 beta-bisabolene
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.87900 to 0.88500 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.314 to 7.364
Refractive Index:1.48900 to 1.49500 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 129.00 to 130.00 °C. @ 10.50 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 274.00 to 275.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.009000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 229.00 °F. TCC ( 109.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.439 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.009945 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength:medium
balsamic woody
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. balsamic woody
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
None found
 
Suppliers:
Indukern F&F
BETA BISABOLENE NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, BALSAMIC, SPICY, WOODY
Isobionics
Natural Beta Bisabolene
Flavor: characteristic
Natural Beta Bisabolene is mainly used in flavours for the beverage industry (Citrus) and in fragrances Isobionics offers Natural Beta Bisabolene with a minimal purity of 90% Appearance: clear colourless liquid.
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
 
Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested
(Moreno, 1974l)

oral-mouse LD50 [sex: M,F] > 13360 mg/kg
No. of dose levels not given.
(Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc., 1967b)

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for beta-bisabolene usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 2.70 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3900 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 7.0000035.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 5.0000025.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 10.0000050.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 7.0000035.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 5.0000025.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 20.00000100.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3 (FGE.25Rev3): Aliphatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :68128
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
(4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
Chemidplus:0000495614
 
References:
 (4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):68128
Pubchem (sid):135024326
Flavornet:495-61-4
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
KEGG (GenomeNet):C16775
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB35992
FooDB:FDB015006
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cuba
FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
2-
methyl undecanal dimethyl acetal
FR
animal
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
balsamic
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
camphoreous
fenchol
FL/FR
citrus
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
aldehydic nitrile
FR
cedrat peel oil
FL/FR
citral
FL/FR
citral / methyl anthranilate schiff's base
FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral ethylene glycol acetal
FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
citronellyl nitrile
FR
citrus ocimenol
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenyl acetate
FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
dimyrcetol (IFF)
FR
homo
geranyl nitrile
FR
geranyl nitrile
CS
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
heptyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lemongrass oil morocco
FL/FR
lime octadienal
FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil distilled peru
FL/FR
persian
lime oil expressed
FL/FR
lime oil expressed terpeneless
FL/FR
lime pyran
FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
(Z+E)-2-
methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehyde
FL/FR
neroli ketone
FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
petitgrain combava oil
FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
tetrahydromyrcenol
FR
trimethyl cyclohexene
FR
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
ethereal
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
amyl geranate
FR
dihydrorose oxide
FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
2-
pentyl cyclopentanone
FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
rose pyran
FR
fruity
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
green
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
2-sec-
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
english
ivy leaf absolute
FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetal
FL/FR
2-
propenyl-para-cymene
FR
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
cis-
herbal cyclohexane
FR
herbal dioxane
FR
herbal heptane
FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
linalyl formate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
nonisyl formate
FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
reseda absolute
FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
tagete oil south africa
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
minty
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
treemoss absolute
FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
spicy
atractylis root oil
FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ginger root oil CO2 extract australia
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
ginger root oil terpeneless africa
FL/FR
snake root oil canada
FL/FR
turmeric root oil china
FL/FR
zingerone
FL/FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
tropical
hotrienol
FL/FR
woody
cedrela wood oil
FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
verdoxan
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
iso
butyl heptanoate
FL/FR
4-
butyl thiazole
FL
2-sec-
butyl thiazole
FL/FR
carvacryl ethyl ether
FL/FR
cedrat peel oil
FL/FR
citral propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
iso
decanal
FL/FR
dihydroterpinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-ol
FL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-
dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetate
FL/FR
ethyl 4-pentenoate
FL/FR
fig leaf absolute
FL
heptyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
hexadien-1-ol
FL
linalyl formate
FL/FR
4-
mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanol
FL
(Z+E)-2-
methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehyde
FL/FR
(E)-6-
methyl-3-hepten-2-one
FL/FR
ocimenol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetal
FL/FR
phenyl amyl alcohol
FL/FR
2-
propyl thiazole
FL
seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)
FL/FR
spikenard oil
FL/FR
tetrahydrocitral
FL/FR
viridiflorol
FL/FR
camphoreous
camphoreous
fenchol
FL/FR
citrus
citral
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citral dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronella oil ceylon
FL/FR
lemon hexadiene
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. california
FL/FR
lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reduced
FL/FR
lemon oil distilled
FL/FR
lemon oil italy
FL/FR
lemon oil terpeneless
FL/FR
lemongrass oil
FL/FR
lemongrass oil guatemala
FL/FR
lemongrass oil morocco
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil distilled peru
FL/FR
persian
lime oil expressed
FL/FR
lime oil expressed terpeneless
FL/FR
litsea cubeba fruit oil
FL/FR
verbena oil france
FL
verbena oil spain
FL/FR
verbena oil terpeneless
FL/FR
cooling
theaspirane
FL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranium oil africa
FL/FR
geranium oil egypt
FL/FR
hotrienol
FL/FR
fruity
amyl heptanoate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
tagete oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
tagete oil rwanda
FL/FR
tagete oil south africa
FL/FR
green
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum gum
FL/FR
canarium luzonicum oil
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
elemi resinoid
FL/FR
heptanal (aldehyde C-7)
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
methyl heptenone
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
origanum oil greece
FL/FR
thyme absolute
FL/FR
lemon
litsea cubeba oil terpeneless
FL/FR
minty
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
oily
iso
phytol
FL/FR
solvent
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
spicy
cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
cuminaldehyde
FL/FR
galangal root oil
FL/FR
ginger oleoresin africa
FL/FR
ginger root absolute
FL/FR
ginger root oil brazil
FL/FR
ginger root oil china
FL/FR
ginger root oil CO2 extract
FL/FR
ginger root oil CO2 extract australia
FL/FR
ginger root oil cochin
FL/FR
ginger root oil terpeneless africa
FL/FR
origanum majorana oleoresin
FL
perillaldehyde
FL/FR
snake root oil canada
FL/FR
turmeric root oil china
FL/FR
zingerone
FL/FR
terpenic
juniperus communis fruit oil
FL/FR
gamma-
terpinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinene
FL/FR
woody
alpha-
dihydroterpineol
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRbalsam
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 alpinia galanga oil @ 16.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 amyris wood oil @ 1.60%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise oil
Search Trop Picture
 anise seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.22%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop Picture
 anise tissue culture
Search Trop Picture
 artichoke - 0.003 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.212-0.648%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.6%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot - 1.18 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.23%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 34.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 carrot shoot
Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil china @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cochlospermum planchonii oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop Picture
 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 0.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 galangal root oil @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 4.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 13.49%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract @ 3.53%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 2.73%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit - 0.0003 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 guava pericarp oil
Search Trop Picture
 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.25%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 2.70%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.55%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 37.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.15%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.08%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.8%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lippia alnifolia schau. leaf oil brazil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mace - trace amount
Search Trop Picture
 mandarin
Search Trop Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.30-1.00%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 2.80%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.17-1.03%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg - trace amount
Search Trop Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop Picture
 orange
Search Trop Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 0.20%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop Picture
 parsley - 33.3 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 0.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.21%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 15.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 0.40%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.2-1.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary
Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.41%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.06-0.13%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia officinalis seed oil tunisia @ 0.72%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 salvia verbenaca seed oil tunisia @ 1.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 sandalwood oil east indian @ 0.07%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.30%
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 savory oil summer @ 0.85-0.93%
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.10%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 0.08%
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 thyme oil portuguese @ trace%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 3.70%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.90%
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 32.30%
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.20%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.2-0.8%
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Synonyms:
(1R)-bisabola-4,7(11),10(15)-triene
(-)-beta-bisabolene
b-bisabolene
6-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)-1,5-heptadiene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(5-methyl-1-methylene-4-hexenyl) cyclohexene
(4R)-1-methyl-4-(5-methyl-1-methylenehex-4-en-1-yl)cyclohexene
(4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
 

Articles:

PubMed:Infection of Corn Ears by Fusarium spp. Induces the Emission of Volatile Sesquiterpenes.
PubMed:A seco-laurane sesquiterpene and related laurane derivatives from the red alga Laurencia okamurai Yamada.
PubMed:Isolation of jasmonate-induced sesquiterpene synthase of rice: product of which has an antifungal activity against Magnaporthe oryzae.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from burkina faso.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the tuber essential oil from Helianthus tuberosus L. (Asteraceae).
PubMed:Variation of the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of natural populations of Tunisian Daucus carota L. (Apiaceae).
PubMed:Chemical composition, larvicidal action, and adult repellency of Thymus magnus against Aedes albopictus.
PubMed:Variability in the essential-oil composition of Sideritis scardica GRISEB. from native Bulgarian populations.
PubMed:Suites of terpene synthases explain differential terpenoid production in ginger and turmeric tissues.
PubMed:Study on the volatile oil contents of Annona glabra L., Annona squamosa L., Annona muricata L. and Annona reticulata L., from Vietnam.
PubMed:Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed:Chemotypification of Astrantia major L. (Apiaceae): essential-oil and lignan profiles of fruits.
PubMed:Comparative study of the chemical composition and biological activities of Magnolia grandiflora and Magnolia virginiana flower essential oils.
PubMed:A single amino acid determines the site of deprotonation in the active center of sesquiterpene synthases SbTPS1 and SbTPS2 from Sorghum bicolor.
PubMed:Composition and antioxidant activities of leaf and root volatile oils of Morinda lucida.
PubMed:Chemical composition and biological activity of the volatile extracts of Achillea millefolium.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of essential oils and methanol extracts of three wild Lavandula L. species.
PubMed:Comparison of headspace solid-phase microextraction with conventional extraction for the analysis of the volatile components in Melia azedarach.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of aerial parts of Haussknechtia elymaitica Boiss. from Iran: a good natural source for trans-asaron.
PubMed:Dynamic evolution of herbivore-induced sesquiterpene biosynthesis in sorghum and related grass crops.
PubMed:Identification of essential oil components of Marrubium thessalum Boiss. & Heldr., growing wild in Greece.
PubMed:Biosynthesis of sesquiterpenes by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides.
PubMed:Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Blumea densiflora essential oils against Anopheles anthropophagus: a malarial vector mosquito.
PubMed:Chemical variability of Copaifera reticulata Ducke oleoresin.
PubMed:Inter-population variability of terpenoid composition in leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Algeria: a chemoecological approach.
PubMed:Composition of the essential oil of Bidens tripartita L. roots and its antibacterial and antifungal activities.
PubMed:Pharmacological evaluation of Copaifera multijuga oil in rats.
PubMed:Free Radical Scavenging Potential and Essential Oil Composition of the Dorema glabrum Fisch. C.A. Mey Roots from Iran.
PubMed:Essential oil polymorphism of wild growing Hungarian thyme (Thymus pannonicus) populations in the Carpathian Basin.
PubMed:Antiplasmodial volatile extracts from Cleistopholis patens Engler & Diels and Uvariastrum pierreanum Engl. (Engl. & Diels) (Annonaceae) growing in Cameroon.
PubMed:Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum.
PubMed:Sesquiterpene synthases Cop4 and Cop6 from Coprinus cinereus: catalytic promiscuity and cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate geometric isomers.
PubMed:Essential oil variation among natural populations of Lavandula multifida L. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Cloning and characterization of a novel gene that encodes (S)-beta-bisabolene synthase from ginger, Zingiber officinale.
PubMed:[Study on the volatile oil of Murraya exotica].
PubMed:Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Psammogeton canescens.
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oils from the roots of Erigeron acris L. and Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile and non-volatile compositions in ginger oleoresin by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed:Enrichment of the thymoquinone content in volatile oil from Satureja montana using supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed:Antioxidant, alpha-amylase inhibitory and brine-shrimp toxicity studies on Centaurea centaurium L. methanolic root extract.
PubMed:Chemical characterization and biological activity of essential oils from Daucus carota L. subsp. carota growing wild on the Mediterranean coast and on the Atlantic coast.
PubMed:Analysis of volatiles in dehydrated carrot samples by solid-phase microextraction followed by GC-MS.
PubMed:Overexpression of the lemon basil alpha-zingiberene synthase gene increases both mono- and sesquiterpene contents in tomato fruit.
PubMed:Protonation of a neutral (S)-beta-bisabolene intermediate is involved in (S)-beta-macrocarpene formation by the maize sesquiterpene synthases TPS6 and TPS11.
PubMed:Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Ocimum gratissimum L. From different populations of Kenya.
PubMed:[Analysis of volatile oil in herb of pimpinella candolleana by SPME-GC-MS].
PubMed:Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed:Synergistic bactericidal activity of Eremanthus erythropappus oil or beta-bisabolene with ampicillin against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed:Quantitative co-occurrence of sesquiterpenes; a tool for elucidating their biosynthesis in Indian sandalwood, Santalum album.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of eight components in rhizome (Jianghuang) and tuberous root (Yujin) of Curcuma longa using pressurized liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Bisabolanes from the red alga Laurencia scoparia.
PubMed:Changes in terpene content in milk from pasture-fed cows.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) grown in Australia.
PubMed:Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oils from the aerial parts of Pimpinella anagodendron Bolle and Pimpinella rupicola Svent., two endemic species to the Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed:Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Teucrium marum (Lamiaceae).
PubMed:Composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Lantana achyranthifolia Desf. (Verbenaceae).
PubMed:Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in mauritius.
PubMed:Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Angelica glauca growing wild in North-West Himalaya (India).
PubMed:The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of maize (Zea mays) form five groups with distinct developmental and organ-specific distributions.
PubMed:Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed:Essential oils from two endemic species of Apiaceae from Iran.
PubMed:Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed:Analysis of some Italian lemon liquors (limoncello).
PubMed:Evidence for differential folding of farnesyl pyrophosphate in the active site of aristolochene synthase: a single-point mutation converts aristolochene synthase into an (E)-beta-farnesene synthase.
PubMed:Volatile sesquiterpene hydrocarbons characteristic for Penicillium roqueforti strains producing PR toxin.
PubMed:Sex pheromone components in oral secretions and crop of male Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew).
PubMed:[Chemical constituents of essential oil from roots and rhizomes of Valeriana alernifolia Bunge].
PubMed:Correspondence of soldier defense secretion mixtures with cuticular hydrocarbon phenotypes for chemotaxonomy of the termite genus Reticulitermes in North America.
PubMed:Production of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) in Norway: essential oil content and quality.
PubMed:The cyclization of farnesyl diphosphate and nerolidyl diphosphate by a purified recombinant delta-cadinene synthase.
PubMed:The main citral-geraniol and carvacrol chemotypes of the essential oil of thymus pulegioides L. growing wild in vilnius district (Lithuania).
PubMed:Production of volatile sesquiterpenes by Fusarium sambucinum strains with different abilities to synthesize trichothecenes.
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of pheromone production in irradiated Caribbean fruit fly males,Anastrepha suspensa (Loew).
PubMed:[Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of Zingiber officinale Roscoe cultivated in Taiwan. The absolute stereostructure of a new diarylheptanoid].
PubMed:Comparison of volatiles emitted by male caribbean and mexican fruit flies.
PubMed:The essential oil from Thymus praecox ssp. arcticus growing in Iceland.
PubMed:Identification of the defensive secretion from soldiers of the North American termite,Amitermes wheeleri (Desneux) (Isoptera: Termitidae).
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient used singly or as mixed isomers. Component of FEMA 3331. See also 2,7,10-Bisabolatriene JHG85-W Constit. of the essential oils of bergamot, lemon and wild carrot
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