beta-bisabolene
(1R)-bisabola-4,7(11),10(15)-triene
 
Notes:
Flavouring ingredient used singly or as mixed isomers. Component of FEMA 3331. See also 2,7,10-Bisabolatriene JHG85-W Constit. of the essential oils of bergamot, lemon and wild carrot
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(4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene (Click)
CAS Number: 495-61-4Picture of molecule
FDA UNII: S19BRC22QA
Nikkaji Web: J677.682E
XlogP3-AA: 5.20 (est)
Molecular Weight: 204.35628000
Formula: C15 H24
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: CASrn in Register refers to the (4S)-isomer.
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
Flavis Number: 01.028 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 01.028  beta-bisabolene
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity: 0.87900 to 0.88500 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.314 to  7.364
Refractive Index: 1.48900 to 1.49500 @  20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 129.00 to  130.00 °C. @ 10.50 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 274.00 to  275.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.009000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 229.00 °F. TCC ( 109.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.439 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.009945 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: balsamic
Odor Strength: medium
 balsamic  woody  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
balsamic woody
  
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Cosmetic Information:
None found
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Suppliers:
Indukern F&F
BETA BISABOLENE NATURAL
Odor: CITRUS, BALSAMIC, SPICY, WOODY
CROP CALENDAR
Isobionics
Natural Beta Bisabolene
Flavor: characteristic
Natural Beta Bisabolene is mainly used in flavours for the beverage industry (Citrus) and in fragrances Isobionics offers Natural Beta Bisabolene with a minimal purity of 90% Appearance: clear colourless liquid.
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested
(Moreno, 1974l)

oral-mouse LD50  [sex: M,F] > 13360 mg/kg
No. of dose levels not given.
(Hoffman-LaRoche, Inc., 1967b)

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
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Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for beta-bisabolene usage levels up to:
  6.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 2.70 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3900 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 7.0000035.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 5.0000025.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 10.0000050.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 7.0000035.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 5.0000025.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 20.00000100.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
Scientific opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3 (FGE.25Rev3): Aliphatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations: Search
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 68128
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 (4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
Chemidplus: 0000495614
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References:
 (4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 68128
Pubchem (sid): 135024326
Flavornet: 495-61-4
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
KEGG (GenomeNet): C16775
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB35992
FooDB: FDB015006
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
green pepper 
 cymbopogon citratus dc. stapf. oil cubaFR
aldehydic
2-methyl undecanal dimethyl acetalFR
animal
isobutyl quinolineFR
balsamic
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
camphoreous
 fencholFL/FR
citrus
 acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetalFR
 agathis australis oil 
 aldehydic nitrileFR
 cedrat peel oilFL/FR
 citralFL/FR
 citral / methyl anthranilate schiff's baseFR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral ethylene glycol acetalFR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 citronellyl nitrileFR
 citrus ocimenolFR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenyl acetateFR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
 dimyrcetol (IFF)FR
homogeranyl nitrileFR
2-heptanolFL/FR
 heptyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 lemon hexadieneFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 lemon oil italyFL/FR
 lemon oil terpenelessFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lemongrass oil moroccoFL/FR
 lime octadienalFR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 lime oil distilled peruFL/FR
persian lime oil expressedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed terpenelessFL/FR
 lime pyranFR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 litsea cubeba oil terpenelessFL/FR
1-methyl cyclohexene 
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
(Z+E)-2-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehydeFL/FR
 neroli ketoneFR
 ocimenolFL/FR
 petitgrain combava oilFR
 tetrahydrocitralFL/FR
 tetrahydromyrcenolFR
 trimethyl cyclohexeneFR
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
isoamyl geranateFR
 dihydrorose oxideFR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanolFR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
2-pentyl cyclopentanoneFR
 phenyl amyl alcoholFL/FR
isophytolFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
fruity
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
 tropical indeneFR
green
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
1-heptanolFL/FR
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
english ivy leaf absoluteFR
 phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
2-propenyl-para-cymeneFR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
herbal
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum gumFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
alpha-dihydroterpineolFL/FR
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
 elemi resinoidFL/FR
cis-herbal cyclohexaneFR
 herbal dioxaneFR
 herbal heptaneFR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 linalyl formateFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
 nonisyl formateFR
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 reseda absoluteFR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 theaspiraneFL/FR
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
 tricyclodecyl acetateFR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
minty
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
mossy
 treemoss absoluteFR
pine
 dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproductsFR
spicy
 atractylis root oilFR
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root absoluteFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 ginger root oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australiaFL/FR
 ginger root oil cochinFL/FR
 ginger root oil terpeneless africaFL/FR
 snake root oil canadaFL/FR
 turmeric root oil chinaFL/FR
 zingeroneFL/FR
terpenic
 cassis bud oilFL/FR
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
tropical
 hotrienolFL/FR
woody
 cedrela wood oilFR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
 verdoxanFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
6-acetoxydihydrotheaspiraneFL/FR
 agathis australis oil 
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl formateFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
2-sec-butyl thiazoleFL/FR
4-butyl thiazoleFL
(+)-alpha-campholenic aldehydeFL/FR
 carvacryl ethyl etherFL/FR
 cedrat peel oilFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 citral propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
alpha-dihydroterpineolFL/FR
 dihydroterpinyl acetateFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formateFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-olFL/FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-yl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 fig leaf absoluteFL
 heptanal (aldehyde C-7)FL/FR
 heptyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadien-1-olFL
 kauri-copal leaf oil 
 linalyl formateFL/FR
4-mercapto-4-methyl-2-pentanolFL
1-methyl cyclohexene 
(Z+E)-2-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-pentenyl) cyclopropane carbaldehydeFL/FR
(E)-6-methyl-3-hepten-2-oneFL/FR
 mistletoe absolute 
 ocimenolFL/FR
green pepper 
 phenyl acetaldehyde diethyl acetalFL/FR
 phenyl amyl alcoholFL/FR
2-propyl thiazoleFL
(-)-isopulegolFL/FR
 seaweed absolute (fucus vesiculosus et serratus)FL/FR
 spikenard oilFL/FR
 tetrahydrocitralFL/FR
alpha-thujene 
 viridiflorolFL/FR
 fencholFL/FR
citrus
 citralFL/FR
 citral diethyl acetalFL/FR
 citral dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 citronella oil ceylonFL/FR
 lemon hexadieneFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. californiaFL/FR
 lemon oil c.p. furocoumarin reducedFL/FR
 lemon oil distilledFL/FR
 lemon oil italyFL/FR
 lemon oil terpenelessFL/FR
 lemongrass oilFL/FR
 lemongrass oil guatemalaFL/FR
 lemongrass oil moroccoFL/FR
 lime oil distilled mexicoFL/FR
 lime oil distilled peruFL/FR
persian lime oil expressedFL/FR
 lime oil expressed terpenelessFL/FR
 litsea cubeba fruit oilFL/FR
 verbena oil franceFL
 verbena oil spainFL/FR
 verbena oil terpenelessFL/FR
cooling
 theaspiraneFL/FR
fatty
(E)-2-octenalFL/FR
floral
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranium oil africaFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 hotrienolFL/FR
fruity
 amyl heptanoateFL/FR
 cassis bud oilFL/FR
2-heptanolFL/FR
 hexyl hexanoateFL/FR
 neryl formateFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
green
isobutyl angelateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum gumFL/FR
 canarium luzonicum oilFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 elemi resinoidFL/FR
(E)-4-hexen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-hexen-1-olFL/FR
3-hexenyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 methyl heptenoneFL/FR
1-octen-3-yl acetateFL/FR
herbal
 anethum graveolens herb oilFL/FR
 anthemis nobilis flower oil romanFL/FR
sweet basil absoluteFL/FR
 carum carvi fruit oilFL/FR
 daucus carota fruit oilFL/FR
 dill weed oil cubaFL/FR
 dill weed oil reunionFL/FR
 hop absoluteFL/FR
 hop oilFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
 marigold oil mexicoFL/FR
 origanum oilFL/FR
 origanum oil greeceFL/FR
 thyme absoluteFL/FR
lemon
 litsea cubeba oil terpenelessFL/FR
oily
isophytolFL/FR
solvent
1-heptanolFL/FR
spicy
(-)-cubenolFL/FR
 cuminaldehydeFL/FR
 galangal root oilFL/FR
 ginger oleoresin africaFL/FR
 ginger root absoluteFL/FR
 ginger root oil brazilFL/FR
 ginger root oil chinaFL/FR
 ginger root oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australiaFL/FR
 ginger root oil cochinFL/FR
 ginger root oil terpeneless africaFL/FR
 origanum majorana oleoresinFL
 perillaldehydeFL/FR
 snake root oil canadaFL/FR
 turmeric root oil chinaFL/FR
 zingeroneFL/FR
terpenic
 juniperus communis fruit oilFL/FR
alpha-terpineneFL/FR
gamma-terpineneFL/FR
woody
alpha-terpinyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 balsamFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 alpinia galanga oil @ 16.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 amyris wood oil @ 1.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise oil
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 anise seed oil star china @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 anise tissue culture
Search Trop  Picture
 artichoke - 0.003 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil plant
Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 bergamot oil @ 0.212-0.648%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 calamus leaf oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot - 1.18 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot root
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed
Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 0.23%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 34.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carrot shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 cedarwood oil china @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile garden chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cochlospermum planchonii oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cumin seed
Search Trop  Picture
 fennel flower oil bitter lithuania @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 galangal root oil @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger rhizome oil
Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil brazil @ 4.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil china @ 13.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract @ 3.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ginger root oil CO2 extract australia @ 2.73%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit - 0.0003 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 guava fruit oil reunion @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava leaf oil cuba @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 guava pericarp oil
Search Trop  Picture
 helichrysum italicum oil america @ 0.25%
Data  Search Trop  Picture
 jambu flower oil brazil @ 2.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lavender oil spike spain @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil california @ 0.55%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon oil expressed italy @ 37.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon petiole
Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemongrass oil @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil distilled mexico @ 1.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ 0.8%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lippia alnifolia schau. leaf oil brazil @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mace - trace amount
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin
Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cyprus @ 0.30-1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 2.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.17-1.03%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg - trace amount
Search Trop  Picture
 nutmeg oil
Search Trop  Picture
 orange
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano oil mexico @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley - 33.3 mg/kg
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil @ 0.41%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil egypt @ 0.21%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley seed oil @ 0.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 parsnip root
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 persea americana mill. fruit oil cuba @ 15.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 phlomis fruticosa l. flower oil greece @ 0.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.2-1.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary
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 rosemary oil CO2 extract @ 0.41%
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 rosemary oil france @ 0.00-trace%
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 rosemary oil morocco @ 0.06-0.13%
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 sage oil spain @ 0.0-0.2%
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 sandalwood oil east indian @ 0.07%
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 satureja khuzistanica jamzad oil iran @ 0.30%
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 savory oil summer @ 0.85-0.93%
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 savory winter savory plant
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.10%
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 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 0.08%
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 thyme oil portuguese @ trace%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping canada @ 3.70%
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 thyme oil wild or creeping finland @ 1.90%
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 thymus richardii pers. subsp. nitidus (guss.) jalas oil italy @ 32.30%
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 turmeric rhizome
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 turmeric root oil vietnam @ 0.20%
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 valerian root oil @ 0.2-0.8%
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Synonyms:
(1R)-bisabola-4,7(11),10(15)-triene
(-)-beta-bisabolene
b-bisabolene
6-methyl-2-(4-methyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)-1,5-heptadiene
(S)-1-methyl-4-(5-methyl-1-methylene-4-hexenyl) cyclohexene
(4R)-1-methyl-4-(5-methyl-1-methylenehex-4-en-1-yl)cyclohexene
(4R)-1-methyl-4-(6-methylhepta-1,5-dien-2-yl)cyclohexene
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Articles:
PubMed: Infection of Corn Ears by Fusarium spp. Induces the Emission of Volatile Sesquiterpenes.
PubMed: A seco-laurane sesquiterpene and related laurane derivatives from the red alga Laurencia okamurai Yamada.
PubMed: Isolation of jasmonate-induced sesquiterpene synthase of rice: product of which has an antifungal activity against Magnaporthe oryzae.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activities of essential oils of plants from burkina faso.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the tuber essential oil from Helianthus tuberosus L. (Asteraceae).
PubMed: Variation of the chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of natural populations of Tunisian Daucus carota L. (Apiaceae).
PubMed: Chemical composition, larvicidal action, and adult repellency of Thymus magnus against Aedes albopictus.
PubMed: Variability in the essential-oil composition of Sideritis scardica GRISEB. from native Bulgarian populations.
PubMed: Suites of terpene synthases explain differential terpenoid production in ginger and turmeric tissues.
PubMed: Study on the volatile oil contents of Annona glabra L., Annona squamosa L., Annona muricata L. and Annona reticulata L., from Vietnam.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed: Chemotypification of Astrantia major L. (Apiaceae): essential-oil and lignan profiles of fruits.
PubMed: Comparative study of the chemical composition and biological activities of Magnolia grandiflora and Magnolia virginiana flower essential oils.
PubMed: A single amino acid determines the site of deprotonation in the active center of sesquiterpene synthases SbTPS1 and SbTPS2 from Sorghum bicolor.
PubMed: Composition and antioxidant activities of leaf and root volatile oils of Morinda lucida.
PubMed: Chemical composition and biological activity of the volatile extracts of Achillea millefolium.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of essential oils and methanol extracts of three wild Lavandula L. species.
PubMed: Comparison of headspace solid-phase microextraction with conventional extraction for the analysis of the volatile components in Melia azedarach.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of aerial parts of Haussknechtia elymaitica Boiss. from Iran: a good natural source for trans-asaron.
PubMed: Dynamic evolution of herbivore-induced sesquiterpene biosynthesis in sorghum and related grass crops.
PubMed: Identification of essential oil components of Marrubium thessalum Boiss. & Heldr., growing wild in Greece.
PubMed: Biosynthesis of sesquiterpenes by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides.
PubMed: Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of Blumea densiflora essential oils against Anopheles anthropophagus: a malarial vector mosquito.
PubMed: Chemical variability of Copaifera reticulata Ducke oleoresin.
PubMed: Inter-population variability of terpenoid composition in leaves of Pistacia lentiscus L. from Algeria: a chemoecological approach.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Bidens tripartita L. roots and its antibacterial and antifungal activities.
PubMed: Pharmacological evaluation of Copaifera multijuga oil in rats.
PubMed: Free Radical Scavenging Potential and Essential Oil Composition of the Dorema glabrum Fisch. C.A. Mey Roots from Iran.
PubMed: Essential oil polymorphism of wild growing Hungarian thyme (Thymus pannonicus) populations in the Carpathian Basin.
PubMed: Antiplasmodial volatile extracts from Cleistopholis patens Engler & Diels and Uvariastrum pierreanum Engl. (Engl. & Diels) (Annonaceae) growing in Cameroon.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Lantana camara, Ageratum houstonianum and Eupatorium adenophorum.
PubMed: Sesquiterpene synthases Cop4 and Cop6 from Coprinus cinereus: catalytic promiscuity and cyclization of farnesyl pyrophosphate geometric isomers.
PubMed: Essential oil variation among natural populations of Lavandula multifida L. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Cloning and characterization of a novel gene that encodes (S)-beta-bisabolene synthase from ginger, Zingiber officinale.
PubMed: [Study on the volatile oil of Murraya exotica].
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activities of the essential oil and methanol extracts of Psammogeton canescens.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oils from the roots of Erigeron acris L. and Erigeron annuus (L.) Pers.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile and non-volatile compositions in ginger oleoresin by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry].
PubMed: Enrichment of the thymoquinone content in volatile oil from Satureja montana using supercritical fluid extraction.
PubMed: Antioxidant, alpha-amylase inhibitory and brine-shrimp toxicity studies on Centaurea centaurium L. methanolic root extract.
PubMed: Chemical characterization and biological activity of essential oils from Daucus carota L. subsp. carota growing wild on the Mediterranean coast and on the Atlantic coast.
PubMed: Analysis of volatiles in dehydrated carrot samples by solid-phase microextraction followed by GC-MS.
PubMed: Overexpression of the lemon basil alpha-zingiberene synthase gene increases both mono- and sesquiterpene contents in tomato fruit.
PubMed: Protonation of a neutral (S)-beta-bisabolene intermediate is involved in (S)-beta-macrocarpene formation by the maize sesquiterpene synthases TPS6 and TPS11.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of essential oils of Ocimum gratissimum L. From different populations of Kenya.
PubMed: [Analysis of volatile oil in herb of pimpinella candolleana by SPME-GC-MS].
PubMed: Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus heldreichii from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.
PubMed: Synergistic bactericidal activity of Eremanthus erythropappus oil or beta-bisabolene with ampicillin against Staphylococcus aureus.
PubMed: Quantitative co-occurrence of sesquiterpenes; a tool for elucidating their biosynthesis in Indian sandalwood, Santalum album.
PubMed: Quantitative determination of eight components in rhizome (Jianghuang) and tuberous root (Yujin) of Curcuma longa using pressurized liquid extraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Bisabolanes from the red alga Laurencia scoparia.
PubMed: Changes in terpene content in milk from pasture-fed cows.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of diploid and tetraploid clones of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) grown in Australia.
PubMed: Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oils from the aerial parts of Pimpinella anagodendron Bolle and Pimpinella rupicola Svent., two endemic species to the Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Teucrium marum (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil of Lantana achyranthifolia Desf. (Verbenaceae).
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activities of the essential oils from endemic Psiadia species growing in mauritius.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of aerial parts of Angelica glauca growing wild in North-West Himalaya (India).
PubMed: The sesquiterpene hydrocarbons of maize (Zea mays) form five groups with distinct developmental and organ-specific distributions.
PubMed: Analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Pimpinella junoniae Ceb. & Ort., gathered in La Gomera, Canary Islands, Spain.
PubMed: Essential oils from two endemic species of Apiaceae from Iran.
PubMed: Changes in volatile compounds of carrots (Daucus carota L.) during refrigerated and frozen storage.
PubMed: Analysis of some Italian lemon liquors (limoncello).
PubMed: Evidence for differential folding of farnesyl pyrophosphate in the active site of aristolochene synthase: a single-point mutation converts aristolochene synthase into an (E)-beta-farnesene synthase.
PubMed: Volatile sesquiterpene hydrocarbons characteristic for Penicillium roqueforti strains producing PR toxin.
PubMed: Sex pheromone components in oral secretions and crop of male Caribbean fruit flies, Anastrepha suspensa (Loew).
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of essential oil from roots and rhizomes of Valeriana alernifolia Bunge].
PubMed: Correspondence of soldier defense secretion mixtures with cuticular hydrocarbon phenotypes for chemotaxonomy of the termite genus Reticulitermes in North America.
PubMed: Production of yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.) in Norway: essential oil content and quality.
PubMed: The cyclization of farnesyl diphosphate and nerolidyl diphosphate by a purified recombinant delta-cadinene synthase.
PubMed: The main citral-geraniol and carvacrol chemotypes of the essential oil of thymus pulegioides L. growing wild in vilnius district (Lithuania).
PubMed: Production of volatile sesquiterpenes by Fusarium sambucinum strains with different abilities to synthesize trichothecenes.
PubMed: Quantitative analysis of pheromone production in irradiated Caribbean fruit fly males,Anastrepha suspensa (Loew).
PubMed: [Stomachic principles in ginger. II. Pungent and anti-ulcer effects of low polar constituents isolated from ginger, the dried rhizoma of Zingiber officinale Roscoe cultivated in Taiwan. The absolute stereostructure of a new diarylheptanoid].
PubMed: Comparison of volatiles emitted by male caribbean and mexican fruit flies.
PubMed: The essential oil from Thymus praecox ssp. arcticus growing in Iceland.
PubMed: Identification of the defensive secretion from soldiers of the North American termite,Amitermes wheeleri (Desneux) (Isoptera: Termitidae).
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