benzyl alcohol
 
Notes:
Good blender. jasmin accord - cyclamen aldehyde and benzyl alcohol. a colorless liquid with a sharp burning taste and slight odor. it is used as a local anesthetic and to reduce pain associated with lidocaine injection. also, it is used in the manufacture of other benzyl compounds, as a pharmaceutic aid, and in perfumery and flavoring. Constit. of jasmine and other ethereal oils, both free and as esters. Also present in cherry, orange juice, mandarin peel oil, guava fruit, feijoa fruit, pineapple, leek, cinnamon, cloves, mustard, fermented tea, basil and red sage. Flavouring ingredient Benzyl alcohol is a colorless liquid with a mild pleasant aromatic odor. It is a useful solvent due to its polarity, low toxicity, and low vapor pressure. (Wikipedia)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
Fragrance Demo Formulas    Flavor Demo Formulas
phenylmethanol (Click)
CAS Number: 100-51-6Picture of molecule
Other: 1336-27-2
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 202-859-9
FDA UNII:LKG8494WBH
Nikkaji Web: J4.009F
Beilstein Number: 0878307
MDL: MFCD00004599
FEMA Number: 2137
CoE Number: 58
XlogP3: 1.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 108.13996000
Formula: C7 H8 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments: GrADI: 0-5 (JECFA, 1997a).
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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JECFA Food Flavoring: 25  benzyl alcohol
JECFA Food Additive: Benzyl Alcohol
Flavis Number: 02.010 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 02.010  benzyl alcohol
DG SANTE Food Additives: benzyl alcohol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: benzyl alcohol
FEMA Number: 2137  benzyl alcohol
FDA Mainterm: BENZYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Adhesives
Sec. 175.105 Adhesives.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1210 Closures with sealing gaskets for food containers.


FDA PART 73 -- LISTING OF COLOR ADDITIVES EXEMPT FROM CERTIFICATION
Subpart B--Drugs
Sec. 73.1001 Diluents in color additive mixtures for drug use exempt from certification.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Halogens: passes test for chlorinated compounds & peroxides
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity: 1.04100 to 1.04600 @  25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.662 to  8.704
Specific Gravity: 1.04200 to 1.04700 @  20.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - est.: 8.681 to 8.722
Refractive Index: 1.53850 to 1.54050 @  20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -16.00 to  -14.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 205.00 to  206.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 124.00 to  125.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Congealing Point: -15.00 °C.
Acid Value: 0.50 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure: 0.094000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
Vapor Density: 3.7 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 205.00 °F. TCC ( 96.00 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.100
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage: store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light. store under nitrogen.
Storage: store under nitrogen.
Soluble in:
 ethyl alcohol, 1:1.5 in 50% alcohol
 ethyl alcohol, 1:8-9 in 30% alcohol
 most organic solvents
 water, 1:25 in water
 water, 4.29E+04 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 paraffin oil
Stability:
 non-discoloring in most media
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength: medium
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
floral rose phenolic balsamic
Substantivity: 35 hour(s) at 100.00 %
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
preservatives
solvents
viscosity controlling agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
  R 20/22 - Harmful by inhalation and if swallowed.
R 43 - May cause sensitisation by skin contact.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
Human Experience: 10 % solution: non-sensitising.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
  oral-rabbit LD50  1040 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

oral-rat LD50  2979 mg/kg
(Ciba-Geigy Corp., 1945)

oral-rat LD50  2080 mg/kg
(Graham & Kuizenga, 1945)

gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1230 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1570 mg/kg
(Damment, 1980)

oral-rat LD50  3100 mg/kg
(Smyth et al., 1951a)

gavage-mouse LD50  1580 mg/kg
(Jenner et al., 1964)

oral-mouse LD50  1150 mg/kg
(Carter et al., 1958)

oral-bird - wild LD50  100 mg/kg
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 21, Pg. 315, 1972.

intravenous-cat LDLo  625 mg/kg
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 16, Pg. 1, 1920.

intravenous-dog LDLo  50 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA GASTROINTESTINAL: "HYPERMOTILITY, DIARRHEA"
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 18, Pg. 60, 1971.

parenteral-dog LDLo  9 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: OTHER CHANGES
Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 25, Pg. 153, 1973.

oral-guinea pig LD50  2500 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 81, 1985.

intraperitoneal-mouse LD50  650 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: DYSPNEA BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BEHAVIORAL: ALTERED SLEEP TIME (INCLUDING CHANGE IN RIGHTING REFLEX)
Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Vol. 75, Pg. 702, 1986.

intravenous-mouse LD50  324 mg/kg
Archives Internationales de Pharmacodynamie et de Therapie. Vol. 135, Pg. 330, 1962.

oral-mouse LD50  1360 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 50(7), Pg. 81, 1985.

oral-rabbit LD50  1040 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY)
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

Dermal Toxicity:
  skin-rabbit LD50 2000 mg/kg
Raw Material Data Handbook, Vol.1: Organic Solvents, 1974. Vol. 1, Pg. 6, 1974.

skin-cat LDLo 10000 mg/kg
GASTROINTESTINAL: CHANGES IN STRUCTURE OR FUNCTION OF SALIVARY GLANDS BEHAVIORAL: MUSCLE WEAKNESS BEHAVIORAL: TREMOR
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 84, Pg. 358, 1945.

subcutaneous-rat LDLo 1700 mg/kg
BEHAVIORAL: COMA KIDNEY, URETER, AND BLADDER: OTHER CHANGES SENSE ORGANS AND SPECIAL SENSES: MIOSIS (PUPILLARY CONSTRICTION): EYE
Revue Medicale de la Suisse Romande. Vol. 15, Pg. 561, 1895.

Inhalation Toxicity:
  inhalation-rat LCLo 1000 ppm/8H
AMA Archives of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Medicine. Vol. 4, Pg. 119, 1951.

Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents, carrier solvents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
IFRA: View Standard
Fragrance usage is IFRA RESTRICTED. View Standard for complete information.
Please review all IFRA documents for complete information.
IFRA categories: limits in the finished product: (For a description of the categories, refer to the IFRA QRA Information Booklet.)
Category 1:
See Note (1)
0.20 % (1)
Category 2:  0.20 %
Category 3:  0.90 %
Category 4:  2.70 %
Category 5:  1.40 %
Category 6:
See Note (1)
4.30 % (1)
Category 7:  0.40 %
Category 8:  2.00 %
Category 9:  5.00 %
Category 10:  2.50 %
Category 11: See Note (2)
 Notes:
 

(1) IFRA would recommend that any material used to impart perfume or flavour in products intended for human ingestion should consist of ingredients that are in compliance with appropriate regulations for foods and food flavourings in the countries of planned distribution and, where these are lacking, with the recommendations laid down in the Code of Practice of IOFI (International Organisation of the Flavor Industry). Further information about IOFI can be found on its website (www.iofi.org).

 

(2) Category 11 includes all non-skin contact or incidental skin contact products. Due to the negligible skin contact from these types of products there is no justification for a restriction of the concentration of this fragrance ingredient in the finished product.

 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 13000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA): 37000.00 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
Click here to view publication 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -220.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -15.00000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: -1200.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -160.00000
fruit ices: -160.00000
gelatins / puddings: 21.0000045.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -47.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
Flavor & Extract Manufacturers Association (FEMA) reference(s):
The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.View pdf
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) on a request from the Commission related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 20 (FGE.20): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 52 (FGE.52): Consideration of hydroxy- and alkoxy-substituted benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54 (FGE.54)[1] - Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20 (2005) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 1 (FGE.20Rev1): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters from chemical group 23
View page or View pdf
Flavouring Group Evaluation 54, Revision 1 (FGE.54Rev1): Consideration of benzyl derivatives evaluated by JECFA (57th meeting) structurally related to benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids and related esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.20Rev1 (2009)
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 2 (FGE.20Rev2): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 20, Revision 3(FGE.20Rev3): Benzyl alcohols, benzaldehydes, a related acetal, benzoic acids, and related esters from chemical groups 23 and 30
View page or View pdf
Scientific Opinion on the evaluation of the substances currently on the list in the Annex to Commission Directive 96/3/EC as acceptable previous cargoes for edible fats and oils – Part I of III
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
AIDS Citations: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Carcinogenic Potency Database: Search
EPA GENetic TOXicology: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 100-51-6
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 244
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
SCCNFP: opinion
WISER: UN 3334
WGK Germany:1
 phenylmethanol
Chemidplus: 0000100516
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS: 100-51-6
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 phenylmethanol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 100-51-6
Pubchem (cid): 244
Pubchem (sid): 134972706
Flavornet: 100-51-6
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
Metabolomics Database: Search
UM BBD: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): C00556
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB03119
FooDB: FDB008745
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database): YMDB01426
Export Tariff Code: 2906.21.0000
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VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
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RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
No odor group found for these
 citronitrile (Symrise)FR
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-oneFL/FR
aldehydic
6,7,8-decen-1-olFR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
amber
 cistus ladaniferus resinoidFR
animal
 costus valerolactoneFR
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
4-ethoxyphenolCS
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
balsamic
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl butyrateFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
 fir balsam absoluteFR
 geranyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
 pine needle absoluteFL/FR
 prenyl benzoateFL/FR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
 terpinyl benzoateFR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
buttery
 acetoinFL/FR
chocolate
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
citrus
 abronia fragranceFR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
2-heptanolFL/FR
coconut
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
earthy
 dibenzyl etherFL/FR
ethereal
 methyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
fatty
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
floral
 acetal 318FR
isoamyl angelateFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 amyl cyclopentenoneCS
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
isoamyl undecylenateFL/FR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoacetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 butyl benzyl etherFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 cananga oil chinaFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 champaca absoluteFR
 citronellalFL/FR
laevo-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
 citronellyl anthranilateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
 cyclohexyl salicylateFR
(Z)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
gamma-damasconeFR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrogeranyl linaloolFR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
 ethyl phenoxyacetateFR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
isoeugenyl ethyl acetalFR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 floral pyranFR
 floral pyranolFR
 floral undecenoneFR
 gardenia oxideFR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 geranium oil egypt fractionsFR
 geranium oil terpenelessFL/FR
 geranium petiole oil indiaFL/FR
 geranium rose oilFL/FR
 geranium rose-scented oil cubaFR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl linaloolFL/FR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 globulol 
 glycoacetalFR
 hawthorn ethanolFR
 heliotropinFL/FR
 heliotropyl diethyl acetalFR
 heptanal cyclic trimethylene acetal 
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 honeysuckle absoluteFR
beta-ionolFL/FR
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute china (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
 jasmin pyranolFR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
para-jasmoneFR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 lilyallFR
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 magnolia indeneFR
 menthadienyl formateFR
 methoxymelonalFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
 musk acetateFR
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 octyl isovalerateFL/FR
 pentenyl cyclopentanoneFR
 peony alcoholFR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl benzoateFL/FR
 phenethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl isovalerateFL/FR
 phenethyl lactateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
 phenoxyethanolFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde digeranyl acetalFR
1-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
4-phenyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
 primrose fragranceFR
 reseda acetalFR
 rhodinol substituesFL/FR
 rhodinyl acetate substitutesFL/FR
 rhodinyl benzoateFR
 rosa alba flower oil CO2 extractFR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia)FL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
 rose absolute pentanolFR
 rose acetateFR
 rose blossom pentanolFR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 rose concrete (rosa centifolia)FR
 rose concrete (rosa damascena)FR
 rose oil (rosa centifolia) egyptFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) iranFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
 rose oil replacerFR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 rose pyranFR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
 tea acetateFR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tuberolideFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from concrete)FL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 tuberose acetateFR
2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
(E)-2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
 ylang ylang flower absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 allyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
 balsam specialtyFR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 cyclohexyl crotonateFR
(E)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 diethyl succinateFL/FR
 eriocephalus punctulatus flower oilFR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
 ethyl para-methyl-beta-phenyl glycidateFR
 green acetateFR
3-mercaptohexyl acetateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 plum crotonateFR
 rhubarb pyranFR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
green
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
isogreen methanoindeneFR
2-heptyl tetrahydrofuranFR
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
 hexoxyacetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFR
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 lilac acetaldehydeFL/FR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
[(4E,4Z)-5-methoxy-3-methyl-4-penten-1-yl] benzeneFR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
 picea glauca leaf absoluteFR
herbal
 buchu oximeFR
 chamomile valerateFR
 clary propyl acetateFR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
american elder flower absoluteFR
 matricaria chamomilla flower oilFL/FR
laevo-menthyl propionateFL/FR
 methyl cyclogeranateFR
 rose oil (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
honey
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
melon
 watermelon ketoneFR
minty
isopulegyl formateFL/FR
mossy
 veramoss (IFF)FR
naphthyl
para-methyl anisoleFL/FR
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresolFL/FR
powdery
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
spicy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 amyl isoeugenolFR
homoanisaldehydeFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isocyclogeraniol (IFF)FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
 maja fragranceFR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
 pepper hexanoneFR
terpenic
 frankincense oilFL/FR
tobacco
 honey absoluteFL/FR
tonka
 tonka bean absoluteFR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
(E)-5-decen-1-ol 
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
 phytyl acetateFL/FR
woody
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli ethanoneFR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 rhubarb oxiraneFR
 santallFR
 santalyl butyrateFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 woody acetateFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 allyl (E)-cinnamateFL/FR
 allyl cinnamateFL/FR
 amyl angelateFL
isoamyl angelateFL/FR
isoamyl undecylenateFL/FR
homoanisaldehydeFL/FR
 butyl benzyl etherFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl propionateFL/FR
 cistus twig/leaf oilFL/FR
 citronellyl acetoneFL/FR
(Z)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
isodecanalFL/FR
(E)-5-decen-1-ol 
(Z)-4-decen-1-yl acetateFL/FR
2,4-difurfuryl furanFL
(E+Z)-4,8-dimethyl-3,7-nonadien-2-oneFL/FR
 ethyl ortho-anisateFL/FR
O-ethyl S-(2-furyl methyl) thiocarbonateFL
 geranyl benzoateFL/FR
(E)-geranyl linaloolFL/FR
 globulol 
 heptanal cyclic trimethylene acetal 
3-heptyl acetateFL
 jasmin lactone (IFF)FL/FR
laevo-menthyl propionateFL/FR
(E)-para-methoxycinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
2-methyl octanalFL/FR
(±)-3-((2-methyl-3-furyl)thio)-2-butanoneFL
 narcissus acetateFL/FR
 nonanal diethyl acetalFL/FR
 octyl isovalerateFL/FR
 phenethyl heptanoateFL/FR
 phenethyl lactateFL/FR
 phenoxyethanolFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl butyrateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl propionateFL/FR
 phytyl acetateFL/FR
 pine needle absoluteFL/FR
 prenyl benzoateFL/FR
isopulegyl formateFL/FR
 rhodinyl acetate substitutesFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
 santalyl butyrateFL/FR
 terpinyl butyrateFL/FR
(E)-2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
2-undecen-1-olFL/FR
isoamyl 3-(2-furan) propionateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoacetateFL/FR
animal
para-cresyl caprylateFL/FR
anisic
para-acetanisoleFL/FR
aromatic
para-cresyl acetateFL/FR
para-cresyl isobutyrateFL/FR
balsamic
siam benzoin resinoidFL/FR
 benzyl benzoateFL/FR
 benzyl salicylateFL/FR
isobutyl cinnamateFL/FR
 ethyl cinnamateFL/FR
1-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
(Z,E)-phytolFL/FR
isopropyl cinnamateFL/FR
berry
 raspberry ketone methyl etherFL/FR
 rhodinol substituesFL/FR
burnt
 ethyl 2-furoateFL
chemical
 methyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
cherry
 heliotropinFL/FR
citrus
laevo-linaloolFL/FR
 styralyl propionateFL/FR
creamy
 acetoinFL/FR
para-anisaldehydeFL/FR
para-methyl acetophenoneFL/FR
earthy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
fatty
(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl benzoateFL/FR
floral
isoamyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 cananga oilFL/FR
 cananga oil chinaFL/FR
 cardamom absoluteFL/FR
 citronellalFL/FR
laevo-citronellolFL/FR
 citronellyl acetateFL/FR
 citronellyl propionateFL/FR
 dihydrocarvyl acetateFL/FR
 dihydrojasmoneFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetateFL/FR
 farnesyl acetateFL/FR
 geraniolFL/FR
 geranium oil bourbonFL/FR
 geranium oil egyptFL/FR
 geranium oil terpenelessFL/FR
 geranium petiole oil indiaFL/FR
 geranium rose oilFL/FR
 geranyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
beta-ionolFL/FR
pseudoiononeFL
 jasmin absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute china (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute india (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin absolute italy (from concrete)FL/FR
 jasmin acetateFL/FR
 linalyl benzoateFL/FR
 methyl dihydrojasmonateFL/FR
 neryl acetateFL/FR
 ocean propanalFL/FR
 phenethyl alcoholFL/FR
 phenethyl anthranilateFL/FR
 phenethyl benzoateFL/FR
 phenyl acetic acidFL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia)FL/FR
 rose absolute (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa centifolia) egyptFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) bulgariaFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) iranFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa damascena) turkeyFL/FR
laevo-rose oxideFL/FR
 tetrahydrolinaloolFL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from concrete)FL/FR
 tuberose absolute (from pommade)FL/FR
 ylang ylang flower absoluteFL/FR
fruity
 allyl cyclohexyl propionateFL/FR
isoamyl benzoateFL/FR
para-anisyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzaldehyde glycrol acetalFL/FR
 benzaldehyde propylene glycol acetalFL/FR
 benzyl acetateFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 benzyl formateFL/FR
 benzyl isovalerateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl etherFL/FR
 benzyl propionateFL/FR
isobutyl benzoateFL/FR
 cherry oxyacetateFL/FR
 cherry pomegranate flavorFL
 cherry propanolFL/FR
 cinnamyl isobutyrateFL/FR
(E)-cinnamyl isovalerateFL/FR
 citronellyl anthranilateFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl ether 
(E)-alpha-damasconeFL/FR
 dibenzyl etherFL/FR
 diethyl succinateFL/FR
 ethyl benzoyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl methyl-para-tolyl glycidateFL/FR
2-heptanolFL/FR
2-hexyl-4-acetoxytetrahydrofuranFL
 lilac acetaldehydeFL/FR
 lilac pentanolFL/FR
 methoxymelonalFL/FR
 neryl isovalerateFL/FR
 phenethyl isovalerateFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 rose butanoateFL/FR
 strawberry glycidate 2FL/FR
 styralyl butyrateFL/FR
green
isoamyl salicylateFL/FR
 clary sage absoluteFL/FR
 dihydromyrcenolFL/FR
 diphenyl oxideFL/FR
 geranyl acetateFL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-hexadienalFL
 hexyl 2-methyl butyrateFL/FR
 marigold pot absoluteFL/FR
 nerolidolFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetalFL/FR
herbal
 matricaria chamomilla flower oilFL/FR
 rose oil (rosa centifolia) moroccoFL/FR
honey
 benzyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 ethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 honey absoluteFL/FR
 phenethyl acetateFL/FR
 phenethyl isobutyrateFL/FR
 phenethyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
 phenyl acetaldehydeFL/FR
lactonic
gamma-octalactoneFL/FR
medicinal
 dimethyl benzyl carbinolFL/FR
 phenethyl salicylateFL/FR
naphthyl
para-methyl anisoleFL/FR
phenolic
para-cresolFL/FR
para-cresyl phenyl acetateFL/FR
powdery
beta-naphthyl ethyl etherFL/FR
spicy
alpha-amyl cinnamyl alcoholFL/FR
 benzyl cinnamateFL/FR
 cassia bark oil chinaFL/FR
 cinnamyl acetateFL/FR
 cinnamyl formateFL/FR
 clove bud oilFL/FR
isoeugenyl acetateFL/FR
4-methyl biphenylFL
 methyl cinnamateFL/FR
 methyl isoeugenolFL/FR
3-phenyl propyl alcoholFL/FR
para-tolualdehydeFL/FR
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
3-mercaptohexyl acetateFL/FR
vanilla
 ethyl vanillinFL/FR
 vanillinFL/FR
waxy
 butyl undecylenateFL/FR
9-decen-1-olFL/FR
 ethyl laurateFL/FR
alpha-hexyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
2-methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)FL/FR
 nonanolFL/FR
4-phenyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
 tuberolideFL/FR
woody
 amyris wood oilFL/FR
isobornyl acetateFL/FR
 frankincense oilFL/FR
 guaiacwood oilFL/FR
(Z)-jasmoneFL/FR
 methyl cedryl ketoneFL/FR
 patchouli oilFL/FR
 vetiver oil haitiFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 acacia cassie farnesianaFR
 almondFR
 appleFR
 apricotFR
 berryFR
 blueberryFR
 bouquetFR
 bread bakedFR
 bread crust 
 butterFR
 cassiaFR
 champaca champakFR
 cherryFR
 chocolate cacao 
 cinnamonFR
 cloveFR
 coconutFR
 cranberryFR
 enhancer 
 figFR
 fixer 
 gardeniaFR
 gingerbreadFR
 grapeFR
 honey mielFR
 honeysuckle chevrefeuilleFR
 hyacinth jacintheFR
 jasminFR
 jonquil narcissus jonquillaFR
 lavenderFR
 leatherFR
 lemonFR
 lilac lilas syringaFR
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe 
 muguet lily of the valleyFR
 narcissus narcisseFR
 nutFL
 nut walnutFL
 orangeFR
 orris irisFR
 peachFR
 pearFR
 peru balsamFL/FR
 pina coladaFR
 plum blossom 
 popcornFR
 pumpkin pieFR
 raspberryFR
 roseFR
 rose whiteFR
 spiceFR
 strawberryFR
 tea blackFL
 tea greenFR
 tuberoseFR
 vanillaFR
 wallflowerFR
 ylang ylangFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 acacia cavenia hook.
Search Trop  Picture
 acacia sweet acacia
Search Trop  Picture
 apple fruit
Search  PMC Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bean black bean stem oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bilberry fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 blueberry fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 boronia absolute @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga odorata oil java @ 0.35%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cananga oil china @ 1.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 carnation absolute @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassie absolute @ 0.01%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 castoreum
Search  PMC Picture
 champaca absolute @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 champaca concrete @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon bark
Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamon ceylon cinnamon root bark
Search Trop  Picture
 clove bud oil @ 0.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove leaf oil @ 1.39%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clove plant
Search Trop  Picture
 clove stem oil india @ 1.53%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 copaiba
Search Trop  Picture
 cranberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder flower oil
Search Trop  Picture
 elder black elder leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 feverfew flower oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fig fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 fig fruit/leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 fig leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 grape leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 grapefruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 hyacinthus orientalis absolute @ 1.78-1.95%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop flower
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil
Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete egypt @ 0.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete india @ 1.06-1.75%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin absolute concrete italy @ 1.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin oil italy @ 0.48%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 jasmin sambac absolute egypt @ 1.05%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lovage root
Search Trop  Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 michelia champaca
Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 1.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 21.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 narcissus absolute @ 4.79%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 neroli
Search  PMC Picture
 orris
Search  PMC Picture
 osmanthus absolute @ 0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pandanus odoratissitmus
Search Trop  Picture
 papaya fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 parsley leaf oil cuba @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 peach fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 peppermint leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 peru balsam
Search Trop  Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 prunus laurocerasus
Search Trop  Picture
 robinia pseudacacia
Search Trop  Picture
 rose absolute morocco @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 roselle fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 roselle leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop  Picture
 rugula herb
Search Trop  Picture
 spearmint oil
Search Trop  Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 tea leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tea shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 tobacco
Search Trop  Picture
 tolu balsam
Search Trop  Picture
 tomato fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 tuberose
Search Trop  Picture
 violet flower absolute @ %
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 violet leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 walnut black walnut oil
Search Trop  Picture
 watermelon fruit juice
Search Trop  Picture
 wine
Search  PMC Picture
 ylang ylang
Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil @ 2.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 ylang ylang oil CO2 extract @ 0.04%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 benzencarbinol
 benzene carbinol
 benzene methanol
 benzenecarbinol
 benzenemethanol
 benzoyl alcohol
nat.benzyl alcohol
 benzyl alcohol DD
 benzyl alcohol FCC
 benzyl alcohol N.F.
 benzyl alcohol natural
 benzyl alcohol NF FCC
 benzylalcohol
 benzylic alcohol
 benzylicum
(hydroxymethyl) benzene
(hydroxymethyl)benzene
 hydroxytoluene
a-hydroxytoluene
alpha-hydroxytoluene
 methanol, phenyl-
 phenol carbinol
 phenyl carbinol
 phenyl carbinolum
 phenyl methanol
 phenyl methyl alcohol
 phenyl-methanol
 phenylmethan-1-ol
 phenylmethanol
 phenylmethyl alcohol
a-toluenol
alpha-toluenol
 ulesfia
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Chemical composition and aroma evaluation of essential oils from Evolvulus alsinoides L.
PubMed: Waterpipe smoking: analysis of the aroma profile of flavored waterpipe tobaccos.
PubMed: Polymer characterization and optimization of conditions for the enhanced bioproduction of benzaldehyde by Pichia pastoris in a two-phase partitioning bioreactor.
PubMed: Enhancement of volatile aglycone recovery facilitated by acid hydrolysis of glucosides from Nicotiana flower species.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds in Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. et Zucc.) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed: 1-methylcyclopropene effects on temporal changes of aroma volatiles and phytochemicals of fresh-cut cantaloupe.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: A comprehensive evaluation of the toxicology of cigarette ingredients: aromatic and aliphatic alcohol compounds.
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of peach (Prunus persica) almond oil: process yield and extract composition.
PubMed: Simultaneous Distillation Extraction of Some Volatile Flavor Components from Pu-erh Tea Samples-Comparison with Steam Distillation-Liquid/Liquid Extraction and Soxhlet Extraction.
PubMed: The biosynthesis and regulation of biosynthesis of Concord grape fruit esters, including 'foxy' methylanthranilate.
PubMed: The FEMA GRAS assessment of benzyl derivatives used as flavor ingredients.
PubMed: Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: [Analysis on the volatile flavor compounds in Agaricus blazei by GC-MS].
PubMed: Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys.
PubMed: Phase behavior and component partitioning in low water content amorphous carbohydrates and their potential impact on encapsulation of flavors.
PubMed: Acetyl-CoA:benzylalcohol acetyltransferase--an enzyme involved in floral scent production in Clarkia breweri.
PubMed: Key volatile aroma compounds of three black velvet tamarind (Dialium) fruit species.
PubMed: Aroma enhancement and enzymolysis regulation of grape wine using β-glycosidase.
PubMed: Chemical composition and aroma evaluation of essential oils from Evolvulus alsinoides L.
PubMed: Prediction of Muscat aroma in table grape by analysis of rose oxide.
PubMed: Free and glycosidically bound aroma compounds in cherry (Prunus avium L.).
PubMed: An approach to heparin and lidocaine hypersensitivity for the interventional nephrologist.
PubMed: Topical ivermectin 0.5% lotion for treatment of head lice.
PubMed: Purification and gas chromatography-combustion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry of aroma compounds from green tea products and comparison to bulk analysis.
PubMed: Comparative quantitative analysis of headspace volatiles and their association with BADH2 marker in non-basmati scented, basmati and non-scented rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars of India.
PubMed: Static liquid permeation cell method for determining the migration parameters of low molecular weight organic compounds in polyethylene terephthalate.
PubMed: Formation of complex natural flavours by biotransformation of apple pomace with basidiomycetes.
PubMed: Mechanism of the synergistic inactivation of Escherichia coli by UV-C light at mild temperatures.
PubMed: Qualitative and quantitative measures of various compounded formulations of 17-alpha hydroxyprogesterone caproate.
PubMed: Enhancement of volatile aglycone recovery facilitated by acid hydrolysis of glucosides from Nicotiana flower species.
PubMed: Characterization of aroma compounds in Chinese bayberry (Myrica rubra Sieb. et Zucc.) by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and olfactometry (GC-O).
PubMed: 1-methylcyclopropene effects on temporal changes of aroma volatiles and phytochemicals of fresh-cut cantaloupe.
PubMed: A toxicological and dermatological assessment of aryl alkyl alcohol simple acid ester derivatives when used as fragrance ingredients.
PubMed: Grape contribution to wine aroma: production of hexyl acetate, octyl acetate, and benzyl acetate during yeast fermentation is dependent upon precursors in the must.
PubMed: Identification of three novel polyphenolic compounds, origanine A-C, with unique skeleton from Origanum vulgare L. using the hyphenated LC-DAD-SPE-NMR/MS methods.
PubMed: Characterization of the volatile profile of thistle honey using headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: A toxicological and dermatological assessment of aryl alkyl alcohols when used as fragrance ingredients.
PubMed: Fragrance material review on benzyl alcohol.
PubMed: Effect of grape polyphenols on lactic acid bacteria and bifidobacteria growth: resistance and metabolism.
PubMed: Bound aroma compounds of Gual and Listán blanco grape varieties and their influence in the elaborated wines.
PubMed: Characterization of the bound volatile extract from baby kiwi (Actinidia arguta).
PubMed: Multivariate analysis of volatile compounds detected by headspace solid-phase microextraction/gas chromatography: A tool for sensory classification of cork stoppers.
PubMed: Head lice.
PubMed: Aroma changes due to second fermentation and glycosylated precursors in Chardonnay and Riesling sparkling wines.
PubMed: Use of microfungi in the treatment of oak chips: possible effects on wine.
PubMed: Chemical compositions, antifungal and antioxidant activities of essential oil and various extracts of Melodorum fruticosum L. flowers.
PubMed: Supercritical fluid extraction of peach (Prunus persica) almond oil: process yield and extract composition.
PubMed: Assessment of genotoxic effects of benzyl derivatives by the comet assay.
PubMed: Probiotic lactic acid bacterium from kanjika as a potential source of vitamin B12: evidence from LC-MS, immunological and microbiological techniques.
PubMed: Getting the bugs out: FDA approves new treatment for head lice...
PubMed: Persistence and distribution of pesticide residues in fresh agricultural food consumed in the province of Bologna.
PubMed: Formocresol blood levels in children receiving dental treatment under general anesthesia.
PubMed: Antifeedants and feeding stimulants in bark extracts of ten woody non-host species of the pine weevil, Hylobius abietis.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil of the Brazilian Chenopodium ambrosioides L.
PubMed: Evaluation of the glycoside hydrolase activity of a Brettanomyces strain on glycosides from sour cherry (Prunus cerasus L.) used in the production of special fruit beers.
PubMed: Floral attractants for the female soybean looper, Thysanoplusia orichalcea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae).
PubMed: Characterization of a benzyl alcohol dehydrogenase from Lactobacillus plantarum WCFS1.
PubMed: Genotoxicity testing of four benzyl derivatives in the Drosophila wing spot test.
PubMed: Chemical profiling and gene expression profiling during the manufacturing process of Taiwan oolong tea "Oriental Beauty".
PubMed: Concentrations of 17beta-estradiol in Holstein whole milk.
PubMed: Isotopic criteria in the characterization of aromatic molecules. 2. Influence of the chemical elaboration process.
PubMed: Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades.
PubMed: Antifungal activities of major tea leaf volatile constituents toward Colletorichum camelliae Massea.
PubMed: Generation of phenylpropanoid pathway-derived volatiles in transgenic plants: rose alcohol acetyltransferase produces phenylethyl acetate and benzyl acetate in petunia flowers.
PubMed: Glycosidically bound volatiles and flavor precursors in Laurus nobilis L.
PubMed: Inhibitory effects of volatile antioxidants found in various beans on malonaldehyde formation in horse blood plasma.
PubMed: Characterization of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase of Helicobacter pylori. An aldehyde dismutating enzyme.
PubMed: Intestinal SGLT1-mediated absorption and metabolism of benzyl beta-glucoside contained in Prunus mume: carrier-mediated transport increases intestinal availability.
PubMed: Aroma characteristics of stored tobacco cut leaves analyzed by a high vacuum distillation and canister system.
PubMed: Hydrolysis of glycosidically bound volatiles from apple leaves (Cv. Anna) by Aspergillus niger beta-glucosidase affects the behavior of codling moth (Cydia pomonella L.).
PubMed: Off-vine grape drying effect on volatile compounds and aromatic series in must from Pedro Ximénez grape variety.
PubMed: Biodegradation of beta-cyfluthrin by fungi.
PubMed: Antioxidative activities of volatile extracts from green tea, oolong tea, and black tea.
PubMed: Contribution of benzenemethanethiol to smoky aroma of certain Vitis vinifera L. wines.
PubMed: Characterization of an extracellular salicyl alcohol oxidase from larval defensive secretions of Chrysomela populi and Phratora vitellinae (Chrysomelina).
PubMed: Flavor composition of cashew (Anacardium occidentale) and marmeleiro (Croton species) honeys.
PubMed: Interaction of an odorant lactone with model phospholipid bilayers and its strong fluidizing action in yeast membrane.
PubMed: In vitro efficacy of plant volatiles for inhibiting the growth of fruit and vegetable decay microorganisms.
PubMed: Enzymatic synthesis of aroma compound xylosides using transfer reaction by Trichoderma longibrachiatum xylanase.
PubMed: Essential oil constituents and in vitro antimicrobial activity of Decalepis hamiltonii roots against foodborne pathogens.
PubMed: Composition of the volatiles from intact and mechanically pierced tea aphid-tea shoot complexes and their attraction to natural enemies of the tea aphid.
PubMed: Final report on the safety assessment of Benzyl Alcohol, Benzoic Acid, and Sodium Benzoate.
PubMed: Competitive binding of aroma compounds by beta-cyclodextrin.
PubMed: Inhibition of malonaldehyde formation from blood plasma oxidation by aroma extracts and aroma components isolated from clove and eucalyptus.
PubMed: Free and bound volatile composition and characterization of some glucoconjugates as aroma precursors in melĂłn de olor fruit pulp (Sicana odorifera).
PubMed: Shifting the biotransformation pathways of L-phenylalanine into benzaldehyde by Trametes suaveolens CBS 334.85 using HP20 resin.
PubMed: The effect of air-drying on glycosidically bound volatiles from seasonally collected origano (Origanum vulgare ssp. hirtum) from Croatia.
PubMed: Analysis of glycosidically bound aroma precursors in tea leaves. 1. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of glycosides with aglycons as aroma compounds.
PubMed: Aroma potential of two bairrada white grape varieties: Maria Gomes and Bical.
PubMed: Antioxidant properties of aroma compounds isolated from soybeans and mung beans.
PubMed: Production and characterization of a monoclonal antibody against the beta-adrenergic agonist ractopamine.
PubMed: Reconstitution of purified, active and malonyl-CoA-sensitive rat liver carnitine palmitoyltransferase I: relationship between membrane environment and malonyl-CoA sensitivity.
PubMed: A technique for extraction and thin layer chromatography visualization of fecal bile acids applied to neotropical felid scats.
PubMed: Phase behavior and component partitioning in low water content amorphous carbohydrates and their potential impact on encapsulation of flavors.
PubMed: Metabolism of N-nitrosobenzylmethylamine by human cytochrome P-450 enzymes.
PubMed: Kinetics of activation of latent mushroom (Agaricus bisporus) tyrosinase by benzyl alcohol.
PubMed: (Z)-3-hexenyl and trans-linalool 3,7-oxide beta-primeverosides isolated as aroma precursors from leaves of a green tea cultivar.
PubMed: 2-Chloro-1,4-dimethoxybenzene cation radical: formation and role in the lignin peroxidase oxidation of anisyl alcohol.
PubMed: Biotransformation of the major fungal metabolite 3,5-dichloro- p-anisyl alcohol under anaerobic conditions and its role in formation of Bis(3,5-dichloro-4-Hydroxyphenyl)methane.
PubMed: Adherence of two film-forming medications to the oral mucosa.
PubMed: "Inactive" ingredients in pharmaceutical products: update (subject review). American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Drugs.
PubMed: Evaluation of certain food additives and contaminants. Forty-sixth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives.
PubMed: Electron spin resonance studies of fatty acid-induced alterations in membrane fluidity in cultured endothelial cells.
PubMed: Liquid chromatographic determination of atropine in nerve gas antidotes and other dosage forms.
PubMed: Effects of gavage versus dosed feed administration on the toxicokinetics of benzyl acetate in rats and mice.
PubMed: Determination of bromate in bread by capillary gas chromatography with a mass detector (GC/MS).
PubMed: Characterization of esterase and alcohol dehydrogenase activity in skin. Metabolism of retinyl palmitate to retinol (vitamin A) during percutaneous absorption.
PubMed: Kairomone from dandelion,Taraxacum officinale, attractant for scarab beetleAnomala octiescostata.
PubMed: Disruption of endothelial barrier function: relationship to fluidity of membrane extracellular lamella.
PubMed: Evaluation of phototoxic properties of some food additives: sulfites exhibit prominent phototoxicity.
PubMed: Development of a specific radioimmunoassay for the detection of clenbuterol residues in treated cattle.
PubMed: In vivo percutaneous absorption of fragrance ingredients in rhesus monkeys and humans.
PubMed: Natural pesticides and bioactive components in foods.
PubMed: Modified liquid chromatographic method for determination of gentian violet in animal feed.
PubMed: NTP Toxicology and Carcinogenesis Studies of Benzyl Alcohol (CAS No. 100-51-6) in F344/N Rats and B6C3F1 Mice (Gavage Studies).
PubMed: In vivo effects of aurothioglucose and sodium thioglucose on rat tissue sulfhydryl levels and plasma sulfhydryl reactivity.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. II. Use of specific metabolic inhibitors to define the pathway leading to the formation of benzylmercapturic acid in the rat.
PubMed: Studies on benzyl acetate. I. Effect of dose size and vehicle on the plasma pharmacokinetics and metabolism of [methylene-14C]benzyl acetate in the rat.
PubMed: A repartitioning agent to improve performance and carcass composition of broilers.
PubMed: Susceptibility of strawberries, blackberries, and cherries to Aspergillus mold growth and aflatoxin production.
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