• Firmenich
    • Firmenich Inc.
      We Create
      We create perfumes and flavors for the World's most desirable brands.
      Firmenich is the largest privately-owned company in the perfume and flavor business. Swiss and family owned, we have created many of the world’s favorite perfumes for over 100 years and produced a number of the most well known flavors we enjoy each day.
      US Email:Fred Keifer
      US Voice:+1 609 452 1000
      US Fax:+1 609 452 6077
      Ambrox® DL ≥85%
      This ingredient provides warmth, richness and elegance to all areas of perfumery from sheer florals to modern orientals. Due to its power, best effects can be achieved at lower dosages, however, higher levels are often used to provide performance and substantivity.
      Cetalox® ≥96%
      CETALOX® gives rich, elegant effects to all areas of perfumery from sheer florals to modern orientals. Enhanced richness, warmth and depth can be achieved at lower dosages while, at higher levels, it provides exceptional substantivity and performance.
      Cetalox® Laevo ≥96%
      CETALOX® LAEVO gives rich, elegant effects to all areas of perfumery, from sheer florals to modern orientals. It is highly diffusive and brings a unique ambergris effect from top note to dry down.
  • Indukern F&F
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email:Technical Services
      US Email:Sales
      US Voice:(973) 740-2300
      US Fax:(973) 740-1839
  • Ernesto Ventós
  • Vigon International
    • Vigon International, Inc.
      The Yipppeee! Team
      Manufacturer and supplier of high quality flavor and fragrance ingredients.
      The growth and success of Vigon is due in large part to a unique corporate concept that Vigon has developed and established within the industry: Creative Partnerships. This partnership concept has been and continues to be the foundation and guiding principle for all of Vigon's activities.
      US Email:Sales
      US Voice:570-476-6300
      US Fax:570-476-1110
      Products List:View
      Ambrox DL
      Ambrox Super
amber naphthofuran
Notes :
Ambrox replacer.
  • Home
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  • Organoleptics
      • Organoleptic Properties
        Odor Type :amber
        Odor Strength :high ,
        recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
        Odor Description:
        at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. 
        dry woody amber ambergris musk sweet
        Luebke, William tgsc, (1986)
        Odor sample from :Firmenich Inc.
        Substantivity :> 400 hour(s) at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol
  • Properties
      • Physical Properties
        Appearance :colorless to pale yellow liquid to solid (est)
        Assay : 96.00 to 100.00 % 
        Food Chemicals Codex Listed :No
        Melting Point : 75.00 to  85.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 102.00 to  106.00 °C. @ 25.00 mm Hg
        Acid Value : 1.00 max. KOH/g
        Vapor Pressure :0.009000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
        Flash Point :> 212.00 °F. TCC ( > 100.00 °C. )
        logP (o/w) : 5.256 (est)
  • Safety
      • Safety Information
        Most important hazard(s) :Xi - Irritant
          R 36/37/38 - Irritating to eyes, respiratory system, and skin.
        S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
        S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
        S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
        Oral/Parenteral Toxicity : 
          Not determined
        Dermal Toxicity : 
          Not determined
        Inhalation Toxicity : 
          Not determined
  • Safety in Use
      • Safety in Use Information
        Category :flavor and fragrance agents
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU) :1.20 (μg/capita/day)
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA) :0.10 (μg/capita/day)
        Structure Class :III
        Recommendation for amber naphthofuran fragrance usage levels up to :
          5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
  • Safety References
Flavor/Fragrance Formulas
3a,6,6,9a-tetramethyl-2,4,5,5a,7,8,9,9b-octahydro-1H-benzo[e][1]benzofuran (Click)
CAS Number : 3738-00-9 193980-58-4
ESIS EC# (EINECS) :223-118-6
CoE Number :10514
XlogP3-AA :4.70 (est)
Molecular Weight :236.39836000
Formula :C16 H28 O
NMR Predictor :Predict
EFSA/JECFA Comments :Mixture of diastereoisomers (EFFA, 2010a).
Category :flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information :
Google Scholar : Search Google Books : Search
Google Scholar : with word "volatile"Search Google Scholar : with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar : with word "odor"SearchPerfumer and Flavorist : Search
Google Patents : Search US Patents : Search
EU Patents : Search IBM Patents : Obtain
Pubchem Patents:Search
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food : Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food : Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food : Read Report
JECFA Food Flavoring :1240  1,5,5,9-tetramethyl-13-oxatricyclo(
Flavis Number :13.072 (Old site)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings :13.072  1,5,5,9-tetramethyl-13-oxatricyclo(

FEMA Number :3471  1,5,5,9-tetramethyl-13-oxatricyclo(
click on the picture(s) below to
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Picture of molecule
Synonyms :
 amber naphthofuran
 ambrox DL
 ambrox super
 cetalox laevo
 dodecahydro-3a,6,6,9a-tetramethyl naphtho(2,1-beta)furan
 dodecahydrotetramethyl naphthofuran
 naphtho(2,1-b)furan, dodecahydro-3a,6,6,9a-tetramethyl-
 naphtho[2,1-b]furan, dodecahydro-3a,6,6,9a-tetramethyl-
 tetramethyl dodecahydro-3a,6,6,9a-naphtho(2,1-b)furan
 tetramethyl perhydronaphthofurane
Similar Items: note
(-)-dodecahydrotetramethyl naphthofuran
 dodecahydrotetramethyl epoxynaphthoxepin
Soluble in :
 water, slightly
 water, 2.436 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in :
Stability :
 very stable in most media
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