stearyl alcohol
1-hydroxyoctadecane
 
Notes:
Solidifying agent for margarine and other foods containing semi-solid fats. Generally recognised as safe (GRAS) status in the USA Stearyl alcohol (also known as octadecyl alcohol or 1-octadecanol) is a substance prepared from stearic acid by the process of catalytic hydrogenation. It is a fatty alcohol. It has a wide range of uses as an ingredient in lubricants, resins, perfumes and cosmetics. It is used as an emollient, emulsifier, and thickener in ointments of various sorts, and is widely used as a hair coating in shampoos and hair conditioners. (Wikipedia)
  • ECSA Chemicals
    • ECSA Chemicals
      International trading and distribution
      ECSA Group offers its customers in these business segments a complete 'one-stop shopping' solution.
      A hundred years on from its establishment, the Emanuele Centonze Holding SA has developed a solid presence in Switzerland and in Europe. The Group currently includes: ECSA Chemicals AG/ECSA Italia SRL Societā con Unico Socio – ECSA Maintenance AG – ECSA Energy SA – Porta Ticino Easy Stop SA. The Group operates in the distribution of chemical and petroleum products, in the international trading of commodities, and in the distribution of maintenance systems. With 285 employees, a consolidated turnover of 335 million Swiss Francs in 2015, and more than 15,000 active customers, the Group ranks among the top 500 companies in Switzerland. ECSA operates in Switzerland and the EU, and in particular has consolidated its geographical position on the main axis linking northern and southern Europe, thus creating a competitive and privileged logistical hub.
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      Product(s):
      Stearyl Alcohol
       
  • Lluch Essence
    • Lluch Essence S.L.
      A family company dedicated to sales and distribution
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality.
      Flexibility, availability, price and quality make LLUCH ESSENCE S.L. one of Europe’s references when it comes to essential oils and aroma chemicals, and it is now well known all around the world.
      Email: Info
      Voice: 34 93 379 38 49
      Fax: 34 93 370 65 04
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      Product(s):
      STEARYL ALCOHOL
       
  • Penta International
    • Penta International Corporation
      Chemistry innovation
      At Penta, our products and services help businesses do business better.
      For over 30 years, Penta Manufacturing Company has played a growing role in worldwide chemistry innovations and applications. As an industry leader, Penta continues to pioneer chemistry-based solutions for practically every area of commerce. Our products and expertise have helped fuel technical advances in dozens of commercial applications including flavoring, coloring, fragrances and chemical processes.
      US Email: Technical Services
      US Email: Sales
      US Voice: (973) 740-2300
      US Fax: (973) 740-1839
      Product(s):
      19-54000 STEARYL ALCOHOL
       
  • TCI AMERICA
    • TCI AMERICA
      Moving Your Chemistry Forward
      We continuously strive to advance our technology.
      Tokyo Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (TCI) is a leading worldwide manufacturer of specialty organic chemicals founded in 1946. TCI provides organic laboratory chemicals as well as pharmaceutical, cosmetic and functional materials. More than 60 years of synthesis experience and multi-purpose plants enable TCI to offer more than 27,000 products as well as custom synthesis. TCI established overseas facilities in North America, Europe, China and India to serve customers worldwide.
      Email: Sales
      US Email: Sales
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      Voice: +81-3-5640-8878
      Fax: +81-3-5640-8902
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      Product(s):
      O0006 1-Octadecanol >98.0%(GC)
       
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
octadecan-1-ol (Click)
CAS Number: 112-92-5Picture of molecule
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg: 204-017-6
FDA UNII: 2KR89I4H1Y
Nikkaji Web: J10.101J
Beilstein Number: 1362907
MDL: MFCD00002823
XlogP3: 8.40 (est)
Molecular Weight: 270.50006000
Formula: C18 H38 O
BioActivity Summary: listing
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: stabilizers, leavening agents, emulsifiers and nutrients
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
Google Books: Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist: Search
Google Patents: Search
US Patents: Search
EU Patents: Search
Pubchem Patents: Search
PubMed: Search
NCBI: Search
 FDA/DG SANTE Petitions, Reviews, Notices:
GRN 70 Stearyl alcohol View-notice PDF
Flavis Number: 02.196 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings: 02.196  octadecan-1-ol
DG SANTE Food Contact Materials: octadecan-1-ol
FDA Mainterm: STEARYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart H--Other Specific Usage Additives
Sec. 172.755 Stearyl monoglyceridyl citrate.


FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart I--Multipurpose Additives
Sec. 172.864 Synthetic fatty alcohols.


FDA PART 175 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADHESIVES AND COMPONENTS OF COATINGS
Subpart C--Substances for Use as Components of Coatings
Sec. 175.300 Resinous and polymeric coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.180 Components of paper and paperboard in contact with dry food.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.200 Defoaming agents used in coatings.


FDA PART 176 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: PAPER AND PAPERBOARD COMPONENTS
Subpart B--Substances for Use Only as Components of Paper and Paperboard
Sec. 176.210 Defoaming agents used in the manufacture of paper and paperboard.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1200 Cellophane.


FDA PART 177 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: POLYMERS
Subpart B--Substances for Use as Basic Components of Single and Repeated Use Food Contact
Sec. 177.1390 Laminate structures for use at temperatures of 250 deg. F and above.


FDA PART 178 -- INDIRECT FOOD ADDITIVES: ADJUVANTS, PRODUCTION AIDS, AND SANITIZERS
Subpart D--Certain Adjuvants and Production Aids
Sec. 178.3480 Fatty alcohols, synthetic.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Physical Properties:
Appearance: white solid powder (est)
Assay: 98.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Melting Point: 57.00 to  60.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 210.00 °C. @ 15.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 333.00 to  335.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.000009 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Vapor Density: 9.3 ( Air = 1 )
Flash Point: 282.00 °F. TCC ( 138.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 7.971 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.0151 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 0.0011 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
bland
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng: cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: emollients
emulsifying agents
emulsion stabilisers
foam boosting agents
masking agents
opacifying agents
refatting agents
surfactants
viscosity controlling agents
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
Acme-Hardesty
AHCOHOL 1898 - Stearyl Alcohol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Intermediate, Nonionic Surfactants.
Chemical-navi - Nikkol
NIKKOL WAX-230
Odor: characteristic
Use: Forms a milky to creamy emulsion at 5 - 10%
Croda
Crodacol™ S95
Odor: bland
Use: Technically pure grade of vegetable-derived stearyl alcohol conforming to the requirements of the European Pharmacopoeia. Impart dry waxy emollience to creams and lotions. Emulsion stabilisers and viscosity builders. Used to modify structure and feel of anhydrous salves and sticks.
ECSA Chemicals
Stearyl Alcohol
Company Profile
Galaxy Surfactants North America
SURFOL 18
Odor: characteristic
Use: Surfol 18 is a widely used cosmetic grade alcohol that meets or exceeds CTFA specifications. The material finds wide usage in anti-perspirant sticks and in crème rinse applications. In emulsions, the Surfol 18 acts as a viscosity builder and a co-emulsifier. It is compatible with anionic, cationic, and nonionic emulsifying surfactants.
Graham Chemical
Stearyl Alcohol NF (Performer Fatty Alcohol G1503)
HallStar
HALLSTAR® CO-1895 STRYL ALC NF
Odor: characteristic
Use: HallStar CO-1895 Stryl Alc NF is an NF grade, biodegradable, high C18 content Stearyl Alcohol derived entirely from vegetable feedstock. It is a waxy white solid with a mild soapy odor at room temperature, and finds widespread application as an opacifier, emulsion thickener/bodifier and stabilizer, viscosity stabilizer, and rinse-out hair conditioning component.
Kao Corporation
KALCOL 8098
Odor: characteristic
Use: Pharmaceuticals and Cosmetics use : Emulsion stabilizer for creams and lotions. Quality modifier of lipsticks. Additive for ointment base and cream conditioners. The smooth touch to skin for cosmetic uses. Auxiliary for emulsifiers. Thickening agent.
Kao Corporation
STEARYL ALCOHOL (JP GRADE)
Odor: characteristic
Use: Stabilizer for cosmetic emulsions, Ointment base, Additive for hair cream conditioners. Thickening agent for cosmetics , pharmaceuticals.
Kraft Chemical
Stearyl Alcohol
Odor: bland
Use: Stenol. A mixture of solid alcohols prepared from sperm whale oil. Unctuous, white flakes, insoluble in water, soluble in alcohol and ether. Can be prepared from sperm whale oil. Used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetic creams, for emulsions, as an antifoam ingredient, and a lubricant.
Lipo Chemicals
Lipocol® S
Odor: characteristic
Use: Lipocol® S is a natural fatty alcohol that is compatible with anionic, cationic and nonionic surfactants. Used in emulsion systems as a viscosity builder and emulsion stabilizer. In antiperspirants, stearyl alcohol provides stick strength and payoff.
Lipo Chemicals
Lipowax® G
Odor: characteristic
Use: Lipowax® G is an emulsifier system that can be used in skin care creams and lotions, hair color products, hair conditioners, peroxide creams and depilatories. Lipowax® G can be used with co-emulsifiers.
Lluch Essence
STEARYL ALCOHOL
Mosselman
Stearyl Alcohol
Oleo Solutions
Alcohol C18-98
Odor: characteristic
Use: Cosmetics and Personal Care, Cleaning and Detergents, Industrial
P&G Chemicals
CO-1895
(Stearyl Alcohol)
Odor: characteristic
Use: End-use applications for CO-1895/ CO-1897/ CO-1898/ CO-1899 include alkyl amines, aluminum rolling lubricants, tertiary amines, antioxidants, concrete anti-spalling agents, cosmetics, defoamers, ethoxylates, halides/mercaptans, lubricant oil addi-tives, methacrylates, phosphated alcohols, plasticizers, plastic lubricants/mold release, polymerization stabilizers, sulphation, sulfated ethoxylates, and epoxy resin diluent.
P&G Chemicals
CO-1897
P&G Chemicals
CO-1898
(Stearyl Alcohol)
P&G Chemicals
CO-1899
(Stearyl Alcohol)
Penta International
STEARYL ALCOHOL
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
1-Octadecanol
Sigma-Aldrich: Aldrich
For experimental / research use only.
1-Octadecanol ReagentPlus®, 99%
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
1-Octadecanol >98.0%(GC)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
None - None found.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50  > 5000 mg/kg
(Kästner, 2000a)

oral-rat LD50  > 8000 mg/kg
(Egan & Portwood, 1974)

oral-rat LD50  20000 mg/kg
"Kirk-Othmer Encyclopedia of Chemical Technology," 3rd ed., Grayson, M., and D. Eckroth, eds. New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978Vol. 1, Pg. 722, 1978.

Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: stabilizers, leavening agents, emulsifiers and nutrients
Recommendation for stearyl alcohol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for stearyl alcohol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.14 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: I
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa): Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):
Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf
EPI System: View
ClinicalTrials.gov: search
Daily Med: search
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards: search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank: Search
Chemical Carcinogenesis Research Information System: Search
Cancer Citations: Search
Toxicology Citations: Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center: Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA): 112-92-5
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 8221
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
WGK Germany: nwg
 octadecan-1-ol
Chemidplus: 0000112925
RTECS: 112-92-5
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 octadecan-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List: 112-92-5
Pubchem (cid): 8221
Pubchem (sid): 134973864
Flavornet: 112-92-5
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS): View
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
Golm Metabolome Database: Search
KEGG (GenomeNet): D01924
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB02350
FooDB: FDB012764
Export Tariff Code: 2905.17.0000
Haz-Map: View
Household Products: Search
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
Formulations/Preparations:
•stearyl alcohol usp...contains not less than 90% of stearyl alcohol, remainder consisting chiefly of cetyl alcohol. •hydrophilic petrolatum usp contains cholesterol 30 g, stearyl alcohol 30 g, white wax 80 g, & white petrolatum 860 g. •hydrophilic ointment usp contains methylparaben 0.25 g, propylparaben 0.15 g, sodium lauryl sulfate 10 g, propylene glycol 120 g, stearyl alcohol 250 g, white petrolatum 250 g, purified water 370 g. •grades: commercial; technical; usp.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Blenders and core components note
 
None Found
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 emollients 
 emulsion stabilisers 
 opacifying agents 
 viscosity controlling agents 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 garlic bulb
Search Trop  Picture
 herniaria incana lam. oil greece @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 potato leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 witch hazel leaf oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
 cetax 18
 CO-1895
 CO-1897
 CO-1898
 CO-1899
1-hydroxyoctadecane
 lipocol S
 lipowax G
 nikkol wax-230
 octadecan-1-ol
1-octadecanol
N-octadecanol
 octadecyl alcohol
 surfol 18
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Lamellar Liquid Crystal Improves the Skin Retention of 3-O-Ethyl-Ascorbic Acid and Potassium 4-Methoxysalicylate In Vitro and In Vivo for Topical Preparation.
PubMed: Nanoparticle enlarged interfacial effect on phase transition of 1-octadecanol/silica composites.
PubMed: Impact of the oxygen defects and the hydrogen concentration on the surface of tetragonal and monoclinic ZrO2 on the reduction rates of stearic acid on Ni/ZrO2.
PubMed: Tablets compressed with gastric floating pellets coated with acrylic resin for gastro retention and sustained release of famotidine: in-vitro and in-vivo study.
PubMed: Statistical analysis of molecular nanotemplate driven DNA adsorption on graphite.
PubMed: Advanced phase change composite by thermally annealed defect-free graphene for thermal energy storage.
PubMed: Severe allergic contact dermatitis caused by a rubber glove coated with a moisturizer.
PubMed: Rare biscoumarin derivatives and flavonoids from Hypericum riparium.
PubMed: Smart pH- and reduction-dual-responsive folate-PEG-coated polymeric lipid vesicles for tumor-triggered targeted drug delivery.
PubMed: Sustained-release formulation of sarpogrelate hydrochloride.
PubMed: Impact of esterified bacteriochlorophylls on the biogenesis of chlorosomes in Chloroflexus aurantiacus.
PubMed: Design and development of novel lipid based gastroretentive delivery system: response surface analysis, in-vivo imaging and pharmacokinetic study.
PubMed: Application of D-optimal experimental design method to optimize the formulation of O/W cosmetic emulsions.
PubMed: Nanocarriers of solid lipid from micelles of amino acids surfactants coated with polymer nanoparticles.
PubMed: Fast Disinfection of Escherichia coli Bacteria Using Carbon Nanotubes Interaction with Microwave Radiation.
PubMed: Modeling the effect of sonication parameters on size and dispersion temperature of solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) by response surface methodology (RSM).
PubMed: Structure and lateral interaction in mixed monolayers of dioctadecyldimethylammonium chloride (DOAC) and stearyl alcohol.
PubMed: Molecular interactions behind the synergistic effect in mixed monolayers of 1-octadecanol and ethylene glycol monooctadecyl ether.
PubMed: Lysozyme immobilization via adsorption process using sulphonic acid functionalized silane grafted copolymer.
PubMed: EliA facilitates the induction of lipase expression by stearyl alcohol in Ralstonia sp. NT80.
PubMed: Authentication of beeswax (Apis mellifera) by high-temperature gas chromatography and chemometric analysis.
PubMed: Safety assessment of stearyl heptanoate and related stearyl alkanoates as used in cosmetics.
PubMed: The effect of alcohol structures on the interaction mode with the hexameric capsule of resorcin[4]arene.
PubMed: Doxorubicin and MBO-asGCS oligonucleotide loaded lipid nanoparticles overcome multidrug resistance in adriamycin resistant ovarian cancer cells (NCI/ADR-RES).
PubMed: Essential oil of Myrica esculenta Buch. Ham.: composition, antimicrobial and topical anti-inflammatory activities.
PubMed: Physicochemical characterization of nanotemplate engineered solid lipid nanoparticles.
PubMed: Uniformity of drug payload and its effect on stability of solid lipid nanoparticles containing an ester prodrug.
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of Wikstroemia indica].
PubMed: Comparative study on the different techniques for the preparation of sustained-release hydrophobic matrices of a highly water-soluble drug.
PubMed: Thin film formation of silica nanoparticle/lipid composite films at the fluid-fluid interface.
PubMed: Improved cellular uptake of functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes.
PubMed: Chromium(VI) oxide oxidation of non-ethoxylated and ethoxylated alcohols for determination by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Synthesis of 1-octadecanol-modified water-swelling polyurethane hydrogels as vaginal drug-delivery vehicle.
PubMed: In vitro drug release mechanism from lipid nanocapsules (LNC).
PubMed: Solid lipid nanoparticles for topical administration of Kaempferia parviflora extracts.
PubMed: Simple and rapid analytical method for the simultaneous determination of cetrimonium chloride and alkyl alcohols in hair conditioners.
PubMed: [Improvement of a sedimentation method for measuring dispersion of fibres from asbestos cement roofs].
PubMed: The influence of bilayer composition on the gel to liquid crystalline transition.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from dichlorobenzyl alcohol in a patient with multiple contact allergies.
PubMed: Factors controlling the stability of a kinetically hindered lamellar-lamellar transition.
PubMed: [Research on chemical constituents from stem of Gymnema sylvestre].
PubMed: In situ observation of gamma-Fe2O3 nanoparticle adsorption under different monolayers at the air/water interface.
PubMed: Stability enhancement effect of normal long-chain alcohols on ion pair amphiphile monolayers at the air/water interface.
PubMed: Structure and rheology of semisolid o/w creams containing cetyl alcohol/non-ionic surfactant mixed emulsifier and different polymers.
PubMed: Novel molecular precursor of lanthanide complexes with long chain mono cis-butene dicarboxylate to the controlled synthesis of Y2O3:Eu3+ phosphors.
PubMed: Wax-incorporated emulsion gel beads of calcium pectinate for intragastric floating drug delivery.
PubMed: Rumen bypass and biodistribution of l-carnitine from dual-layered coated pellets in cows, in vitro and in vivo.
PubMed: Reactive uptake of N2O5 on aqueous H2SO4 solutions coated with 1-component and 2-component monolayers.
PubMed: N2O5 reactive uptake on aqueous sulfuric acid solutions coated with branched and straight-chain insoluble organic surfactants.
PubMed: Nanotemplate-engineered nanoparticles containing gadolinium for magnetic resonance imaging of tumors.
PubMed: Comedogenicity in rabbit: some cosmetic ingredients/vehicles.
PubMed: A novel flow reactor for studying reactions on liquid surfaces coated by organic monolayers: methods, validation, and initial results.
PubMed: Photoimages and the release characteristics of lipophilic matrix tablets containing highly water-soluble potassium citrate with high drug loadings.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile components from capitula and aerial parts of Rhaponticum acaule DC growing wild in Tunisia.
PubMed: Formation of wormlike aggregates of fluorocarbon-hydrocarbon hybrid surfactant by Langmuir-Blodgett transfer and alignment of gold nanoparticles.
PubMed: Photophysical properties of novel ternary lanthanide complexes with long chain mono-L cis-butene dicarboxylate (L = hexadecyl, octadecyl and eicosyl) and 2,2'-bipyridyl (or 1,10-phenanthroline).
PubMed: Theophylline granule formulation prepared by the wet granulation method: comparison of in vitro dissolution profiles and estimation of in vivo plasma concentrations.
PubMed: Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett films of N-(4-octadecyloxy-2-hydroxybenzylidene) derivatives of amino acids.
PubMed: The oxorhenium(VII)-catalyzed direct condensation of phosphoric acid with an alcohol.
PubMed: The metabolism of fatty alcohols in lipid nanoparticles by alcohol dehydrogenase.
PubMed: Design of a transdermal delivery system for aspirin as an antithrombotic drug.
PubMed: Surface molecular view of colloidal gelation.
PubMed: Permeability of acetic acid through organic films at the air-aqueous interface.
PubMed: Characterization of mixed alcohol monolayers adsorbed onto a Au(111) electrode using electro-fluorescence microscopy.
PubMed: Small-angle neutron scattering studies of an adsorbed non-ionic surfactant (C12E24) on hydrophobised silica particles in water.
PubMed: Multi length scale analysis of the microstructure in sticky sphere dispersions during shear flow.
PubMed: Spectroscopic study on the photophysical properties of novel lanthanide complexes with long chain mono-L phthalate (L=hexadecyl, octadecyl and eicosyl).
PubMed: Rheology of nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) suspended in a viscoelastic medium.
PubMed: Miscibility of small colloidal spheres with large polymers in good solvent.
PubMed: Layer by layer characterization of 1-octadecanol films on a Au(111) electrode surface. "In situ" polarization modulation infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy and electrochemical studies.
PubMed: Hydrophobically assisted switching phase synthesis: the flexible combination of solid-phase and solution-phase reactions employed for oligosaccharide preparation.
PubMed: Nucleophilic acyl substitutions of esters with protic nucleophiles mediated by amphoteric, oxotitanium, and vanadyl species.
PubMed: Comparative study between the viscoelastic behaviors of different lipid nanoparticle formulations.
PubMed: In vivo and in vitro evaluations of water-absorption properties of various ointments.
PubMed: Crystallization and prevention of supercooling of microencapsulated n-alkanes.
PubMed: Adsorption-induced asymmetric assembly from an achiral adsorbate.
PubMed: Selectivity and stability of organic films at the air-aqueous interface.
PubMed: Natural ligands of hamster aphrodisin.
PubMed: Influence of ammonium nitrate in phase transitions of Langmuir and Langmuir-Blodgett films at air/solution and solid/solution interfaces.
PubMed: Two-dimensional packing patterns of amino acid surfactant and higher alcohols in an aqueous phase and their associated packing parameters.
PubMed: (S)-2,3-dihydrofarnesoic acid, a new component in cephalic glands of male European beewolves Philanthus triangulum.
PubMed: Relationship between internal phase volume and emulsion stability: the cetyl alcohol/stearyl alcohol system.
PubMed: Extended release lipophilic indomethacin microspheres: formulation factors and mathematical equations fitted drug release rates.
PubMed: Controlled release of verapamil hydrochloride from waxy microparticles prepared by spray congealing.
PubMed: [Pharmaceutical evaluation of fast-disintegrant tablet containing nicorandil-loaded particles].
PubMed: [Studies on the chemical constituents of Quercus mongolica].
PubMed: Sustaining pattern of phenformin hydrochloride using various polymers and waxes.
PubMed: [Fast-disintegration oral tablets having sustained release property].
PubMed: Thermotropic mesomorphism of a model system for the plant epicuticular wax layer.
PubMed: Allergic contact dermatitis from stearyl alcohol in Efudix cream.
PubMed: Growth promotion of rice seedlings by allelopathic polysaccharide from Welsh onion.
PubMed: Paclitaxel loaded poly(L-lactic acid) microspheres: properties of microspheres made with low molecular weight polymers.
PubMed: Correlation of DNA synthesis-inhibiting activity and the extent of transmembrane permeation into tumor cells by unsaturated or saturated fatty alcohols of graded chain-length upon hyperthermia.
PubMed: Polypyrrole-modified tips for functional group recognition in scanning tunneling microscopy.
PubMed: Thermal analysis as a screening technique in preformulation studies of picotamide solid dosage forms.
PubMed: The Effect of Surfactant Monolayers on the Heat Transfer Through Air/Water and Oil/Water Interfaces Using IR Imaging Technique.
PubMed: Preparation and characterization of melatonin-loaded stearyl alcohol microspheres.
PubMed: Effect of vehicles on yohimbine permeation across excised hairless mouse skin.
PubMed: Is there a specific receptor for anesthetics? Contrary effects of alcohols and fatty acids on phase transition and bioluminescence of firefly luciferase.
PubMed: Loss of patch test positivity to cetylstearyl alcohol.
PubMed: Are sodium lauryl sulfate-containing toothpastes suitable vehicles for xylitol?
PubMed: A case of contact dermatitis due to impurities of cetyl alcohol.
PubMed: Effect of vehicle on topical liposomal drug delivery: petrolatum bases.
PubMed: Reaction of lipids containing hydroxy groups with trimethylsulfonium hydroxide: formation of O-methyl derivatives.
PubMed: Fate of 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET18-OME) in malignant cells, normal cells, and isolated and perfused rat liver.
PubMed: Accumulation of fatty alcohol in MCF-7 breast cancer cells.
PubMed: Glyceryl-ether monooxygenase (EC 1.14.16.5): nature of the glyceryl-ether lipid substrates in aqueous buffer.
PubMed: Development and evaluation of sustained-release ibuprofen-wax microspheres. II. In vitro dissolution studies.
PubMed: Contact sensitivity to the stearyl alcohol in Efudix cream (5-fluorouracil).
PubMed: [The photodegradation-assay method of sodium nitroprusside and its application to studies on percutaneous absorption].
PubMed: Development and evaluation of sustained-release ibuprofen-wax microspheres. I. Effect of formulation variables on physical characteristics.
PubMed: Effects of alkyl alcohols and related chemicals on rat liver structure and function. I. Induction of two distinct types of megamitochondria.
PubMed: Resistance of lipid films to transmission of water vapor and oxygen.
PubMed: Inhibition of Streptococcus mutans adherence to hydroxyapatite with combinations of alkyl phosphates and nonionic surfactants.
PubMed: Noncontact fluorescence thermometry of acoustically levitated waterdrops.
PubMed: Prevalence and sources of sensitization to emulsifiers: a clinical study.
PubMed: A quantitative assessment of the reactivity of the fatty alcohols with cetrimide using immersion calorimetry.
PubMed: Biosynthetic preparation of radioactively labelled ethanolamine plasmalogen (1-O-[1'-14C]octadec-1'-enyl-2-acyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanola mine) using a protozoan cell culture.
PubMed: [Reduction of the transfer of surface active agent residues in food].
PubMed: Metabolites and biodegradation pathways of fatty alcohol ethoxylates in microbial biocenoses of sewage treatment plants.
PubMed: Heterotopic tracheal transplants: techniques and applications.
PubMed: Induction of megamitochondria in rat hepatocytes by l-octadecanol.
PubMed: Insecticidal effect of aliphatic alcohols against aquatic stages of Aedes mosquitoes.
PubMed: Effect of carcinogen release rate on the incidence of preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions of the respiratory tract epithelium in rats.
PubMed: The influence of fatty alcohols on the structure and stability of creams prepared with polyethylene glycol 1000 monostearate/fatty alcohols.
PubMed: Inactivation of mycoplasmas by long-chain alcohols.
PubMed: The hydrolysis of phosphatidylinositol monolayers at an air/water interface by the calcium-ion-dependent phosphatidylinositol phosphodiesterase of pig brain.
PubMed: [Hygienic chemical studies on plastics (VIII). Migration test of methyl methacrylate and plastic additives from polymethyl methacrylate (author's transl)].
PubMed: Incorporation of [1-14C]octadecanol into the lipids of Leishmania donovani.
PubMed: Use of 1-octadecanol as an internal standard for plasma lipid quantitation on chromarods.
PubMed: [The role of stearyl alcohol in the so-called lanolin allergy].
PubMed: Interfacial oxidation of alpha-tocopherol and the surface properties of its oxidation products.
PubMed: Sustained release from inert wax matrixes I: drug-wax combinations.
PubMed: Stearyl-alcohol biosynthesis from stearyl-CoA in mouse brain microsomes in normal and dysmyelinating mutants (quaking and jimpy).
PubMed: Structure and rheology of cetomacrogol creams: the influence of alcohol chain length and homologue composition.
PubMed: Surface phase separation and collapse of the stearate anion--alkaline earth cation complex.
PubMed: Drug-biomolecule interactions: interaction of gentamicin with lipid monomolecular films.
PubMed: Surface-chemical studies on chlorhexidine and related compounds: II. Interactions with monomolecular-film systems.
PubMed: Contact dermatitis from stearyl alcohol in Metosyn (Fluocinonide) Cream.
PubMed: Letter: Contact dermatitis from stearyl alcohol and propylene glycol.
PubMed: Contact dermatitis from stearyl alcohol and propylene glycol in fluocinonide cream.
PubMed: Effect of ionization and cation selectivity on the expansion of stearic acid monolayers.
PubMed: Origin of glycerol ethers. Biosynthesis from labeled acetate, stearic acid, stearaldehyde, and stearyl alcohol.
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