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2-nonenoic acid gamma-lactone

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CAS Number: 21963-26-8Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:244-685-6
Nikkaji Web:J100.144B
XlogP3-AA:2.60 (est)
Molecular Weight:154.20898000
Formula:C9 H14 O2
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome, Edge or firefox)
Category:flavoring agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
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Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
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Pubchem Patents:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:2001 2-nonenoic acid gamma-lactone
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:10.054 non-2-eno-1,4-lactone
FEMA Number:4188 2-nonenoic acid gamma-lactone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.98100 to 0.98700 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 8.163 to 8.213
Refractive Index:1.45700 to 1.46300 @ 20.00 °C.
Boiling Point: 196.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.007000 mmHg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 224.00 °F. TCC ( 106.67 °C. )
logP (o/w): 1.904 (est)
Soluble in:
 water, 1871 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: minty
minty fruity
Odor Description:at 1.00 % in dipropylene glycol. minty fruity
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Cosmetic Information:
None found
For experimental / research use only.
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Endeavour Specialty Chemicals
Speciality Chemical Product Groups
Robinson Brothers
Chemical Sources Association
Need This Item for Flavor/Food?: You can contact the Chemical Sources Association
Safety Information:
Hazards identification
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Safety in Use Information:
flavoring agents
Recommendation for 5-pentyl-5H-furan-2-one usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 0.01 (μg/capita/day)
Structure Class: III
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 22
Click here to view publication 22
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 10.0000030.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): 2.000005.00000
beverages(alcoholic): 5.0000010.00000
breakfast cereal: 10.0000020.00000
cheese: 10.0000020.00000
chewing gum: 20.0000050.00000
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: 5.0000010.00000
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 5.0000010.00000
fruit ices: 10.0000020.00000
gelatins / puddings: 5.0000010.00000
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 10.0000020.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: 5.0000010.00000
meat products: --
milk products: 5.0000020.00000
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: 5.0000010.00000
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: 5.0000010.00000
soft candy: 10.0000020.00000
soups: 5.0000010.00000
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(EFSA):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 217: alpha,beta-Unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: Lactones[1]
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 217, Revision 1 (FGE.217Rev1). Consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: Lactones
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 217 Revision 2 (FGE.217Rev2), consideration of genotoxic potential for a,-unsaturated ketones and precursors from chemical subgroup 4.1 of FGE.19: lactones
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
AIDS Citations:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :89559
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid):89559
Pubchem (sid):135046952
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2011 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB32442
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
EFSA Update of results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Previous report: Results on the monitoring of furan levels in food:Read Report
EFSA Report of the CONTAM Panel on provisional findings on furan in food:Read Report
FAO:2-Nonenoic acid gamma-lactone
Potential Blenders and core components note
None Found
Potential Uses:
None Found
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 found in nature
 michelia champaca concrete @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 furan-2(5H)-one, 5-pentyl-
2(5H)-furanone, 5-pentyl-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenoic acid gamma-lactone
2-nonenoic acid gamma-lactone
5-pentyl furan-2(5H)-one
Used as a food additive [EAFUS]
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