EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

longifolene
1,4-methanoazulene, decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-, (1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-

Sponsors

Name:(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
CAS Number: 475-20-7Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:207-491-2
FDA UNII:3YXH7YY8WM
Beilstein Number:2044263
MDL:MFCD00082306
XlogP3-AA:5.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:204.35628000
Formula:C15 H24
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
EFSA/JECFA Comments:
No longer supported by Industry (DG SANCO, 2012).
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
FLAVIS Number:01.047 (Old)
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Specific Gravity:0.93000 to 1.11000 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 7.739 to 9.236
Refractive Index:1.42000 to 1.60000 @ 20.00 °C.
Refractive Index:1.49500 @ 30.00 °C.
Optical Rotation:+14.00 to +54.00
Melting Point: 156.20 °C. @ 0.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 150.00 to 151.00 °C. @ 36.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 254.00 to 255.00 °C. @ 706.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure:0.031000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point:> 200.00 °F. TCC ( > 93.33 °C. )
logP (o/w): 6.392 (est)
Shelf Life: 12.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
Storage:store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 0.2525 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 propylene glycol
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: woody
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:24 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet woody rose medicinal fir needle
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet woody rose medical fir needle
Luebke, William tgsc, (1994)
Odor sample from: CA Aromatics Company Inc.
Flavor Type: woody
woody amber herbal medicinal pine ambergris
Taste Description: woody amber herbal medicinal pine ambergris
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
 
Suppliers:
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
Longifolene/8a-β))-4-a
Camphor & Allied Products
Longifolene
Citrus and Allied Essences
Longifolene redistilled
Market Report
ExtraSynthese
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-Longifolene (GC) ≥95%
Foreverest Resources
Longifolene 85%
Odor: characteristic
Use: Longifolene is a tricyclic sesquiterpene, oily liquid hydrocarbon found in the high-boiling fraction of certain pine resins. In Fujian, Jiangxi, Anhui of China, where the turpentine has high content of Longifolene. It is thesynthesis for the preparation of Isolongifolene. Also is used in organic synthesis for the preparation of dilongifolylborane, a chiral hydroborating agent.
Fuzhou Farwell
Longifolene
Lluch Essence
LONGIFOLENE
Odor: WOODY, FATTY, TERPENIC
Mentha & Allied Products
Longifolene
70% Minimum Longifolene Content
Moellhausen
LONGIFOLENE
Nippon Terpene Chemicals
Longifolene 60% up
Penta International
LONGIFOLENE DISTILLED
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Longifolene
Reincke & Fichtner
Longifolene
Sigma-Aldrich: Sigma
For experimental / research use only.
(+)-Longifolene
Xiamen Doingcom Chemical
For experimental / research use only.
Longifolene-super
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
One dose tested
(Moreno, 1977ai)

oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 67S, 1992.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 30, Pg. 67S, 1992.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for longifolene usage levels up to:
  5.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 28.00 (μg/capita/day)
Modified Theoretical Added Maximum Daily Intake (mTAMDI): 3900 (μg/person/day)
Threshold of Concern:1800 (μg/person/day)
Structure Class: I
 
Food categories according to Commission Regulation EC No. 1565/2000 (EC, 2000) in FGE.06 (EFSA, 2002a). According to the Industry the "normal" use is defined as the average of reported usages and "maximum use" is defined as the 95th percentile of reported usages (EFSA, 2002i).
Note: mg/kg = 0.001/1000 = 0.000001 = 1/1000000 = ppm.
 average usage mg/kgmaximum usage mg/kg
Dairy products, excluding products of category 02.0 (01.0): 7.0000035.00000
Fats and oils, and fat emulsions (type water-in-oil) (02.0): 5.0000025.00000
Edible ices, including sherbet and sorbet (03.0): 10.0000050.00000
Processed fruit (04.1): 7.0000035.00000
Processed vegetables (incl. mushrooms & fungi, roots & tubers, pulses and legumes), and nuts & seeds (04.2): --
Confectionery (05.0): 10.0000050.00000
Cereals and cereal products, incl. flours & starches from roots & tubers, pulses & legumes, excluding bakery (06.0): 5.0000025.00000
Bakery wares (07.0): 10.0000050.00000
Meat and meat products, including poultry and game (08.0): 2.0000010.00000
Fish and fish products, including molluscs, crustaceans and echinoderms (MCE) (09.0): 2.0000010.00000
Eggs and egg products (10.0): --
Sweeteners, including honey (11.0): --
Salts, spices, soups, sauces, salads, protein products, etc. (12.0): 5.0000025.00000
Foodstuffs intended for particular nutritional uses (13.0): 10.0000050.00000
Non-alcoholic ("soft") beverages, excl. dairy products (14.1): 5.0000025.00000
Alcoholic beverages, incl. alcohol-free and low-alcoholic counterparts (14.2): 10.0000050.00000
Ready-to-eat savouries (15.0): 20.00000100.00000
Composite foods (e.g. casseroles, meat pies, mincemeat) - foods that could not be placed in categories 01.0 - 15.0 (16.0): 5.0000025.00000
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, (FGE.25)[1] - Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 78 (FGE.78)[1] - Consideration of Aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25 - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives,Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25Rev1: Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 78, Revision 1 (FGE.78Rev1): Consideration of aliphatic and alicyclic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons evaluated by EFSA in FGE.25Rev2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 2 (FGE.25Rev2): Aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

Scientific opinion on Flavouring Group Evaluation 25, Revision 3 (FGE.25Rev3): Aliphatic hydrocarbons from chemical group 31
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):475-20-7
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :10137
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
Chemidplus:0000475207
RTECS:PB7724500 for cas# 475-20-7
 
References:
 (1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:475-20-7
Pubchem (cid):10137
Pubchem (sid):134973144
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
KEGG (GenomeNet):C09699
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):Search
FooDB:FDB005805
Export Tariff Code:2902.19.0050
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
amber
amber oxepin
FR
ambroxan
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cistus ladaniferus resinoid
FR
animal
animal carbolactone
FR
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
costus valerolactone
FR
anisic
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzophenone
FR
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
fir balsam absolute
FR
mastic gum resin
FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
berry
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
earthy
methyl undecylenate
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
decanol
FL/FR
floral
acetophenone
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
floral pyranol
FR
gardenia decalone
FR
heliotropin
FL/FR
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
heliotropyl diethyl acetal
FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
ho leaf oil
FR
hyacinth ether
FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
leerall
FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
muguet carboxaldehyde
FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
orris pyridine 25% IPM
FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
fruity
fruity cyclopentanone
FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
green
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
hay
hay absolute
FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
nopyl acetate
FR
medicinal
kunzea ericoides leaf oil
FR
minty
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
mossy
veramoss (IFF)
FR
naphthyl
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
powdery
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
terpenic
cypress leaf oil
FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
thujonic
armoise oil
FR
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
tonka
coumarin
FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
tonka bean absolute
FR
tropical
cis-
galbanum oxathiane
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
woody
amber carbinol
FR
cedrol
FL/FR
cedryl methyl ether
FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
gurjun balsam oil
FR
patchouli ethanone
FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
santall
FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
tobacarol (IFF)
FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
woody acetate
FR
(Z)-
woody amylene
FR
woody propanol
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
ambrette seed oil
FL/FR
cistus twig/leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl (E)-cinnamate
FL/FR
thuja occidentalis leaf oil
FL/FR
balsamic
balsamic
siam
benzoin resinoid
FL/FR
benzyl benzoate
FL/FR
benzyl salicylate
FL/FR
laevo-
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
butyl cinnamate
FL/FR
ethyl cinnamate
FL/FR
myrrh oil
FL/FR
berry
heliotropyl acetone
FL/FR
raspberry ketone
FL/FR
cherry
heliotropin
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
laevo-
linalool
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
iso
butyl salicylate
FL/FR
creamy
para-
anisaldehyde
FL/FR
gamma-
hexalactone
FL/FR
para-
methyl acetophenone
FL/FR
fatty
coconut absolute
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
citronellol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl acetate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrate
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl dihydrojasmonate
FL/FR
ocean propanal
FL/FR
phenethyl alcohol
FL/FR
rhodinol
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalool
FL/FR
tropical ionone
FL/FR
fruity
para-
anisyl alcohol
FL/FR
iso
butyl benzoate
FL/FR
rose butanoate
FL/FR
green
iso
amyl salicylate
FL/FR
angelica root oil
FL/FR
cinnamyl alcohol
FL/FR
cyclamen aldehyde
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
cis-
galbanum oxathiane
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl salicylate
FL/FR
linalool oxide
FL/FR
nerolidol
FL/FR
phenyl acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
carum carvi fruit oil
FL/FR
clary sage oil france
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
daucus carota fruit oil
FL/FR
honey
ethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
phenethyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
lactonic
gamma-
heptalactone
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
phenethyl salicylate
FL/FR
minty
iso
pulegol
FL/FR
(-)-iso
pulegol
FL/FR
phenolic
4-
methyl-2,6-dimethoxyphenol
FL/FR
powdery
acetophenone
FL/FR
beta-
naphthyl ethyl ether
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
spicy
benzyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
eugenol
FL/FR
iso
eugenyl acetate
FL/FR
alpha-
methyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
methyl isoeugenol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propyl alcohol
FL/FR
pimenta acris leaf oil
FL/FR
thujonic
sage oil dalmatian
FL/FR
tropical
alpha-
amyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
vanilla
ethyl vanillin
FL/FR
vanilla bean absolute (vanilla planifolia)
FL/FR
vanillyl acetate
FL/FR
waxy
decanol
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
alpha-
hexyl cinnamaldehyde
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
2-
methyl undecanal (aldehyde C-12 mna)
FL/FR
methyl undecylenate
FL/FR
woody
ambroxan
FL/FR
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
cedrol
FL/FR
4-
ethyl guaiacol
FL/FR
frankincense resinoid
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
spruce needle oil canada
FL/FR
vetiver oil haiti
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRamber
FRanimal
FRbalsam
FRcedar
FRcedar
 cloth clean cloths
 diffusion
FRfir needle oil replacer
FRherbal
FRincense
FRleather
FRmoss
FRmusk
FRoriental
FRpatchouli
FRrain
FRsandalwood
 skin conditioning
FRvetiver
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 anise star anise fruit
Search Trop Picture
 anise star anise seed
Search Trop Picture
 artichoke - 0.0003 mg/kg
Search Trop Picture
 carrot seed oil @ 1.24%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cedarwood oil lebanon @ 0.50%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 corn root
Search Trop Picture
 cypress hinoki cypress
Search Trop Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki leaf oil @ 0.72%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki root oil @ 0.64%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 hinoki wood oil @ 0.61%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 0.2%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mandarin fruit
Search Trop Picture
 pine needle oil scotch siberia @ 0.3-0.9%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pinus longifolia p. khasya
Search Trop Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil estonia @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 pinus sylvestris l. needle oil yugoslavia @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rosemary plant
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
(1S- (1alpha,3abeta, 4alpha,8abeta))-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-(+)-decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-1,4-methanoazulene
 junipen
 junipene
 kuromatsuen
 kuromatsuene
(+)-longifolen
(+)-longifolene
D-longifolene
dextro-longifolene
 longifolene distilled
 longifolene redistilled
 longifolene-super
1,4-methanoazulene, decahydro-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylene-, (1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-
(1R,2S,7S,9S)-3,3,7-trimethyl-8-methylene tricyclo(5.4.0.02.9)undecane
(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylenedecahydro-1,4-methanoazulene
(1S,3aR,4S,8aS)-4,8,8-trimethyl-9-methylidenedecahydro-1,4-methanoazulene
 

Articles:

PubMed:Composition, In Vitro Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Activities of Essential Oil and Oleoresins Obtained from Black Cumin Seeds (Nigella sativa L.).
PubMed:Isolation of volatiles from Nigella sativa seeds using microwave-assisted extraction: effect of whole extracts on canine and murine CYP1A.
PubMed:[Influence of processing methods on the chemical composition of the essential oil from Aucklandia lappa].
PubMed:[Sesquiterpenes and monoterpene from Aquilaria sinensis].
PubMed:Pyrolytic formation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from sesquiterpenes.
PubMed:Distribution of primary and specialized metabolites in Nigella sativa seeds, a spice with vast traditional and historical uses.
PubMed:Identification of volatiles from Pinus silvestris attractive for Monochamus galloprovincialis using a SPME-GC/MS platform.
PubMed:[Phylogenetic diversity characteristics of soil bacteria producing nematode-attracting volatiles and identification of their active compounds].
PubMed:Chemical composition of the essential oil of Croton gossypiifolius from Venezuela.
PubMed:Persistency assessment and aerobic biodegradation of selected cyclic sesquiterpenes present in essential oils.
PubMed:Phytotoxic volatiles in the roots and shoots of Artemisia tridentata as detected by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometry analysis.
PubMed:Comparative analysis of essential oil components of two Pinus species from Taibai Mountain in China.
PubMed:Antimycobacterial terpenoids from Juniperus communis L. (Cuppressaceae).
PubMed:[Study on chemical constituents from essential oil of Hypericum patulum].
PubMed:Does egg deposition by herbivorous pine sawflies affect transcription of sesquiterpene synthases in pine?
PubMed:Chemotaxis of the pinewood nematode, Bursaphelenchus xylophilus, to volatiles associated with host pine, Pinus massoniana, and its vector Monochamus alternatus.
PubMed:Biotransformation of terpenoids by mammals, microorganisms, and plant-cultured cells.
PubMed:New woody and ambery notes from cedarwood and turpentine oil.
PubMed:Solution conformation of longifolene and its precursor by NMR and ab initio calculations.
PubMed:Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades.
PubMed:Vegetation-derived cues for the selection of oviposition substrates by Anopheles albimanus under laboratory conditions.
PubMed:Trypanocidal activity of oleoresin and terpenoids isolated from Pinus oocarpa.
PubMed:Flavor characteristics of lapsang souchong and smoked lapsang souchong, a special Chinese black tea with pine smoking process.
PubMed:[Allelopathic effects of Cymbopogon citratu volatile and its chemical components].
PubMed:The cationic cascade route to longifolene.
PubMed:Changes in anatomy and terpene chemistry in roots of Douglas-fir seedlings following treatment with methyl jasmonate.
PubMed:Functional characterization of nine Norway Spruce TPS genes and evolution of gymnosperm terpene synthases of the TPS-d subfamily.
PubMed:An efficient formal synthesis of the sesquiterpenoid longifolene.
PubMed:[Analysis of terpineol and improvement of technology process in terpineol production].
PubMed:The fungal metabolite culmorin and related compounds.
PubMed:Identification of lipophilic pollutants discharged from a Finnish pulp and paper mill.
PubMed:Lethal and sublethal effects of azulene and longifolene to Microtox(R), Ceriodaphnia dubia, Daphnia magna, and Pimephales promelas.
PubMed:Production of volatile sesquiterpenes by Fusarium sambucinum strains with different abilities to synthesize trichothecenes.
PubMed:Molecular Rearrangement of Longifolene by Arthrobacter ilicis T(2).
PubMed:Antimicrobial terpenes from oleoresin of ponderosa pine treePinus ponderosa: A defense mechanism against microbial invasion.
PubMed:Organic chemicals in the air at Whitaker's Forest/Sierra Nevada Mountains, California.
PubMed:[Isolation, morphological and biochemical characteristics of gram-positive bacteria metabolizing beta-caryophyllene].
PubMed:Terpenoid biotransformation in mammals. IV Biotransformation of (+)-longifolene, (-)-caryophyllene, (-)-caryophyllene oxide, (-)-cyclocolorenone, (+)-nootkatone, (-)-elemol, (-)-abietic acid and (+)-dehydroabietic acid in rabbits.
PubMed:Microbial transformations of some monoterpenoids and sesquiterpenoids.
PubMed:Hydroxyisolongifolaldehyde: a new metabolite of (+)-longifolene in rabbits.
PubMed:Structure of longifolene.
 
Notes:
from plant products.
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