EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

2-nonanone
methyl heptyl ketone

Sponsors

Name:nonan-2-one
CAS Number: 821-55-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:212-480-0
FDA UNII:ZE5K73YN2Z
Nikkaji Web:J7.123D
Beilstein Number:1743645
MDL:MFCD00009553
CoE Number:154
XlogP3:3.10 (est)
Molecular Weight:142.24166000
Formula:C9 H18 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:292 2-nonanone
FLAVIS Number:07.020 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:07.020 nonan-2-one
FEMA Number:2785 2-nonanone
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: 2-NONANONE
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless to pale yellow clear oily liquid (est)
Assay: 95.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.81700 to 0.82300 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.798 to 6.848
Refractive Index:1.41800 to 1.42300 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -21.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 192.00 °C. @ 743.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 194.00 to 196.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.645000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 148.00 °F. TCC ( 64.44 °C. )
logP (o/w): 3.140
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 water, 170.6 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
 water, 371 mg/L @ 25 °C (exp)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: fruity
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity: > 4 hour(s) at 100.00 %
fresh sweet green weedy earthy herbal
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. fresh sweet green weedy earthy herbal
fruity sweet waxy soapy cheesy green herbal coconut
Odor Description:Fruity, sweet, waxy, soapy, cheese, green herbaceous, coconut like
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 5, 71, (1991)
Flavor Type: cheesy
fruity cheesy
Taste Description: fruity, cheesy
cheesy green fruity dairy dirty buttery
Taste Description: at 20.00 ppm. Cheesy, green, fruity, dairy, dirty, buttery
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 16, No. 5, 71, (1991)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Bedoukian Research
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE ≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor Description:fresh sweet, weedy, earthy, herbal
Used in lavender fragrances.
Taste Description:Fermented, generic cheese notes
Ketonic notes for a variety of cheese flavors.
Firmenich
2-NONANONE min. 99%, Kosher, Halal
Taste Description:Nice cheesy, fruity and fatty notes
2-NONANONE brings along with its typical cheesy profile, interesting green, weedy and herbal nuances which can be nicely used in cheese, butter, milk, meat, fish, nut and various fruit flavors.
Moellhausen
2-NONANONE
Odor Description:fresh sweet green weedy earthy herbal
Taste Description:green fruity, dairy, cheesy, buttery
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Advanced Biotech
2 NONANONE NATURAL
98% min.
Odor: Rose, Tea
Alfrebro
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE NATURAL
Odor: Fruity, Floral, Lavender, Violet
Apiscent Labs
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE
Odor: Fruity-floral, slightly fatty and herbaceous
Apple Flavor & Fragrance
2-Nonanone
Aromiens International
2-Nonanone, Natural
Artiste
2-Nonanone Natural
Associate Allied Chemicals
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
About
Aurochemicals
2-NONANONE, Natural
Axxence Aromatic
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE (2-NONANONE), Natural
Kosher
Sustainability
Bedoukian Research
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE
≥98.0%, FCC, Kosher
Odor: fresh sweet, weedy, earthy, herbal
Use: Used in lavender fragrances.
Flavor: Fermented, generic cheese notes
Ketonic notes for a variety of cheese flavors.
Beijing Lys Chemicals
2-Nonanone
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE FCC 98.0%
CG Herbals
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
Diffusions Aromatiques
2-Nonanone
Diffusions Aromatiques
2-NONANONE
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
2-Nonanone
Ernesto Ventós
2-NONANONE FIRMENICH 935104
Odor: FLORAL, FRUITY
Excellentia International
Methyl Heptyl Ketone (2-Nonanone) Natural
Firmenich
2-NONANONE
min. 99%, Kosher, Halal
Flavor: Nice cheesy, fruity and fatty notes
2-NONANONE brings along with its typical cheesy profile, interesting green, weedy and herbal nuances which can be nicely used in cheese, butter, milk, meat, fish, nut and various fruit flavors.
Fleurchem
methyl heptyl ketone natural
Frutarom
2 NONANONE
Glentham Life Sciences
2-Nonanone
Global Essence
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
Indenta Group
2-Nonanone
Indukern F&F
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE
Odor: FRUITY, SWEET, GREEN, HERBAL
Inoue Perfumery
HEPTYL METHYL KETONE
Jiangyin Healthway
2-Nonanone Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Kunshan Sainty
2-Nonanone, Natural
Lluch Essence
-METHYL HEPTYL KETONE
Lluch Essence
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE NATURAL
M&U International
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
Moellhausen
2-NONANONE
Flavor: green fruity, dairy, cheesy, buttery
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
Natural
Odor: fresh sweet green weedy earthy herbal, waxy, soapy, cheese, green herbaceous, coconut like
Natural Advantage
Methyl Heptyl Ketone Nat [2-Nonanone Nat]
Odowell Co.,ltd
Methyl heptyl ketone
PURITY: 98%min.
PCAS
Methyl Heptyl Ketone, Kosher
Penta International
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE, Kosher
Penta International
METHYL HEPTYL KETONE, NATURAL, Kosher
Reincke & Fichtner
2-Nonanone natural
Reincke & Fichtner
2-Nonanone
Santa Cruz Biotechnology
For experimental / research use only.
2-Nonanone ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Nonanone, ≥99%, FCC, FG
Odor: cheese; coconut; oily; herbaceous; floral; fruity; fatty; soapy; waxy; fishy
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
2-Nonanone, natural, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Odor: cheese; coconut; oily; herbaceous; floral; fruity; fatty; soapy; waxy; fishy
Synerzine
2-Nonanone
SysKem Chemie
Methyl Heptyl Ketone
Taytonn
Ketone C-9
Odor: Fatty, Floral, Fruity, Herbal/ Herbaceous
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
2-Nonanone >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
2-Nonanone
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 3200 mg/kg
(RTECS, 1975)

oral-mouse LD50 [sex: M] 7992 mg/kg
(Tanii et al., 1986)

oral-mouse LD50 7994 mg/kg
Toxicology Letters. Vol. 30, Pg. 13, 1986.

oral-rat LD50 3200 mg/kg
Kodak Company Reports. Vol. 21MAY1971

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Chemical Toxicology. Vol. 26, Pg. 393, 1988.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-rat LC50 > 3980 mg/m3/6H
Kodak Company Reports. Vol. 21MAY1971

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for 2-nonanone usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU): 320.00 (μg/capita/day)
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: 0.400004.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.55000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 0.100001.00000
fruit ices: 0.100001.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: 0.400004.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Athority(efsa):Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...

European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to Flavouring Group Evaluation 7 (FGE.07): Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 7, Revision 1 (FGE.07Rev1): Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Scientific opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 7, Revision 2 (FGE.07Rev2) : Saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters of secondary alcohols and saturated linear or branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical group 5
View page or View pdf

Safety and efficacy of saturated and unsaturated aliphatic secondary alcohols, ketones and esters with esters containing secondary alcohols belonging to chemical group 5 when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):821-55-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :13187
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
nonan-2-one
Chemidplus:0000821556
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:RA8225000 for cas# 821-55-6
 
References:
 nonan-2-one
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:821-55-6
Pubchem (cid):13187
Pubchem (sid):134977765
Flavornet:821-55-6
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEBI:View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31266
FooDB:FDB003308
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01383
Export Tariff Code:2914.19.0000
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
No odor group found for these
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
animal
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
phenyl salicylate
FR
brown
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
chemical
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
propyl propionate
FL/FR
citrus
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
coconut
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
creamy
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
earthy
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone lactone
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
rose undecene
FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
tea acetate
FR
tuberose acetate
FR
fruity
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
bisabolene
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
cyclohexyl crotonate
FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-pentenoate
FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
iso
octyl acetate
FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
propenyl acetate
FL/FR
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
tropical indene
FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
green carboxylate
FR
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
hepten-2-one
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexenyl methyl ether
FR
hexoxyacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
herbal heptane
FR
hexanol
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
3-
octanone
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
reseda absolute
FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
mossy
treemoss absolute
FR
musk
musk decanolide
FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
soapy
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
methyl anthranilate / hexyl cinnamaldehyde schiff's base
FR
spicy
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bourbon
FL/FR
terpenic
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
tropical
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
butyl laurate
FL/FR
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
2-
methyl heptanoic acid
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl undecanoate
FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde benzyl 2-methoxyethyl acetal
FL/FR
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decanone
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
decen-1-ol
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
ethyl butyryl lactate
FL
3-
hydroxy-4-phenyl-2-butanone
FL
4-
hydroxyphenethyl alcohol
FL
melaleuca leucadendron var. cajuputi leaf oil
FL/FR
methyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate
FL/FR
(E)-
methyl geranate
FL/FR
4-
methyl pentyl 4-methyl valerate
FL
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl butyrate
FL/FR
phytyl acetate
FL/FR
prenyl hexanoate
FL/FR
rose absolute (rosa damascena) bulgaria
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tridecen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
10-
undecen-1-ol
FL/FR
acidic
acidic
propionic acid
FL
chemical
methyl ethyl ketone
FL/FR
citrus
bisabolene
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
styralyl propionate
FL/FR
coconut
(R)-
massoia lactone
FL
gamma-
nonalactone (aldehyde C-18 (so-called))
FL/FR
cooling
theaspirane
FL/FR
creamy
3-
hepten-2-one
FL/FR
massoia lactone
FL
octyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
ethereal
acetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
benzyl laurate
FL/FR
iso
propenyl acetate
FL/FR
fatty
allyl octanoate
FL/FR
dimethyl octanol
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-4-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl undecylenate
FL/FR
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octenal
FL/FR
floral
citronellol
FL/FR
citronellyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
methyl citronellate
FL/FR
(Z)-
methyl epi-jasmonate
FL/FR
methyl jasmonate
FL/FR
satinaldehyde
FL/FR
fruity
allyl heptanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl benzoate
FL/FR
amyl formate
FL/FR
iso
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
amyl hexanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
berry pentadienoate
FL/FR
butyl 2-decenoate
FL/FR
butyl hexanoate
FL/FR
cassis bud oil
FL/FR
cherry pentenoate
FL/FR
citronellyl formate
FL/FR
citronellyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
decyl butyrate
FL/FR
dimethyl succinate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-decenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL
ethyl 2-octenoate
FL/FR
ethyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
ethyl levulinate
FL/FR
(E)-
ethyl tiglate
FL/FR
2-
furyl pentyl ketone
FL
geranyl butyrate
FL/FR
geranyl hexanoate
FL/FR
2-
heptanol
FL/FR
3-
heptyl dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone
FL/FR
hexanal propylene glycol acetal
FL/FR
3-
hexanone
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl acetate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
hexyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
kiwi distillates
FL
lilac pentanol
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl (E)-2-octenoate
FL/FR
methyl 3-hexenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
methyl heptanoate
FL/FR
3-
methyl-2-butenal
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL
phenethyl octanoate
FL/FR
2-
phenyl propionaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
1-
phenyl-2-pentanol
FL/FR
prenol
FL/FR
propyl butyrate
FL/FR
propyl formate
FL/FR
tiglaldehyde
FL/FR
green
actinidia chinensis fruit extract
FL/FR
allyl butyrate
FL/FR
iso
amyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
iso
butyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
butyl methyl ketone
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
cuminyl acetaldehyde
FL/FR
cyclohexyl formate
FL/FR
3-
decen-2-one
FL/FR
2-
ethyl butyraldehyde
FL
geranyl isovalerate
FL/FR
grape butyrate
FL/FR
hexanol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl hexanoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl isovalerate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl valerate
FL/FR
1-
hexen-3-ol
FL/FR
(E)-3-
hexenoic acid
FL
3-
hexenyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-furoate
FL/FR
hexyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl butyrate
FL/FR
hexyl isovalerate
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
iso
jasmone
FL/FR
methyl (E)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
methyl 2-undecynoate
FL
methyl octanoate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
4-
methyl-2-pentenal
FL
neryl butyrate
FL/FR
neryl propionate
FL/FR
(E,Z)-3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,4-
octadienal
FL
2,4-
octadienal
FL
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
1-
octen-3-yl acetate
FL/FR
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
terpinyl propionate
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
dill weed oil cuba
FL/FR
dill weed oil reunion
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
marigold oil mexico
FL/FR
wormwood oil america
FL/FR
honey
phenethyl acetate
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
thiogeraniol
FL/FR
mushroom
3-
octanone
FL/FR
oily
iso
phytol
FL/FR
pungent
acetaldehyde
FL
rummy
iso
butyl formate
FL/FR
soapy
dodecanal (aldehyde C-12 lauric)
FL/FR
1-
dodecanol
FL/FR
solvent
1-
heptanol
FL/FR
sour
3-
methyl valeric acid
FL
spicy
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
sweet
vanilla oleoresin bourbon
FL/FR
tropical
guava distillates
FL
propyl propionate
FL/FR
psidium guajava fruit
FL
psidium guajava fruit extract
FL/FR
vegetable
1-
furfuryl pyrrole
FL/FR
2-
methyl valeraldehyde
FL/FR
waxy
allyl nonanoate
FL/FR
iso
amyl decanoate
FL/FR
butyl laurate
FL/FR
decanal diethyl acetal
FL/FR
9-
decenoic acid
FL/FR
dihydrojasmone lactone
FL/FR
ethyl decanoate
FL/FR
ethyl laurate
FL/FR
ethyl palmitate
FL/FR
ethyl undecanoate
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
methyl 10-undecenoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl heptanoic acid
FL/FR
methyl laurate
FL/FR
2-
nonanol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
octanol
FL/FR
octyl 2-methyl butyrate
FL/FR
octyl butyrate
FL/FR
3-
octyl formate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
tetradecenal
FL/FR
undecanal
FL/FR
2-
undecanone
FL/FR
woody
beta-
damascenone
FL/FR
beta-
ionone
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
 ash mountain ash
FRbutter
FRcarnation
FLcheese cheddar cheese
FRclove
FRcoconut
FRearth
FLfat
FRgreen
FRherbal
FRlavender
FRpineapple
FRrose
FRrose tea rose
FL/FRrue
FRstrawberry
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 beer
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 boldo leaf oil italy @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 boldus leaf oil chile @ 0.04%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 butter
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 carnation
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 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.18%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.02%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 cheese bleu cheese
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 cheese cheddar cheese
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 cheese gorgonzola cheese
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 clove bud
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 clove fruit
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 coconut
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 corn husk oil
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 corn seed oil
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 corn silk
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 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 fish
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 ginger rhizome
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 ginger rhizome oil
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 kachur oil @ 0.30%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 krill
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 laurel leaf oil turkey @ trace%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mastic fruit oil @ 0.14%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 mastic leaf oil @ 1.71%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 potato chip
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 rice cooked rice
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 rosemary sap
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 rue flower oil colombia @ 16.82%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rue oil china @ 24.12%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rue oil cuba @ 0.62%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 rue plant
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 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
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 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 1.90%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 tea leaf
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 watermelon fruit juice
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Synonyms:
 heptyl methyl ketone
N-heptyl methyl ketone
 ketone, heptyl methyl
 methyl heptyl ketone
 methyl heptyl ketone (2-nonanone), natural
 methyl heptyl ketone natural
 nonan-2-one
2-nonanone
beta-nonanone
2-nonanone (methyl heptyl ketone) natural
2-nonanone (natural)
2-nonanone natural
 

Articles:

Info:HEPTAN-2-ONE
US Patents:3,952,024 - Furfurylthioacetone
PubMed:Synthesis of methyl ketones by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.
US Patents:3,931,166 - Certain 2,5-dimethyl-3-thiopyrazines
PubMed:Quantification of volatile compounds in goat milk Jack cheese using static headspace gas chromatography.
PubMed:Binding of flavor compounds and whey protein isolate as affected by heat and high pressure treatments.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of volatile formation in milk subjected to pressure-assisted thermal treatments.
PubMed:Binding of 2-nonanone and milk proteins in aqueous model systems.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of thermally derived off-flavor compounds in milk using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography.
PubMed:Flavor production from a non-stick oil by moulds.
PubMed:Interactions between methyl ketones and beta-lactoglobulin: sensory analysis, headspace analysis, and mathematical modeling.
PubMed:A customized metal oxide semiconductor-based gas sensor array for onion quality evaluation: system development and characterization.
PubMed:The dynamics of the HS/SPME-GC/MS as a tool to assess the spoilage of minced beef stored under different packaging and temperature conditions.
PubMed:Influence of storage on volatile profiles in roasted almonds (Prunus dulcis).
PubMed:Quantitative analysis of volatile organic compounds released and consumed by rat L6 skeletal muscle cells in vitro.
PubMed:Characterization of volatiles of necrotic Stenocereus thurberi and Opuntia littoralis and toxicity and olfactory preference of Drosophila melanogster, D. mojavensis wrigleyi, and D. mojavensis sonorensis to necrotic cactus volatiles.
PubMed:Determination of volatile compounds in turbot (Psetta maxima) during refrigerated storage by headspace solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Investigation of volatile metabolites during growth of Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by needle trap-GC-MS.
PubMed:Assessment of robustness on analysis using headspace solid-phase microextraction and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography through experimental designs.
PubMed:Analysis of volatile organic compounds liberated and metabolised by human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) in vitro.
PubMed:Inhibitory and toxic effects of volatiles emitted by strains of Pseudomonas and Serratia on growth and survival of selected microorganisms, Caenorhabditis elegans, and Drosophila melanogaster.
PubMed:Characterization of important odorants in steamed male Chinese mitten crab (Eriocheir sinensis) using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry.
PubMed:Biting deterrence, repellency, and larvicidal activity of Ruta chalepensis (Sapindales: Rutaceae) essential oil and its major individual constituents against mosquitoes.
PubMed:Assessing the efficacy of candidate mosquito repellents against the background of an attractive source that mimics a human host.
PubMed:Monodimensional (GC-FID and GC-MS) and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography for the assessment of volatiles and fatty acids from Ruta chalepensis aerial parts.
PubMed:Olfactory sensitivity and odor structure-activity relationships for aliphatic ketones in CD-1 mice.
PubMed:Volatile composition and sensory properties of Indian herbal medicine-Pavonia odorata-used in Ayurveda.
PubMed:Interactions of flavoured oil in-water emulsions with polylactide.
PubMed:Widespread occurrence of bisphenol A diglycidyl ethers, p-hydroxybenzoic acid esters (parabens), benzophenone type-UV filters, triclosan, and triclocarban in human urine from Athens, Greece.
PubMed:Main individual and product characteristics influencing in-mouth flavour release during eating masticated food products with different textures: mechanistic modelling and experimental validation.
PubMed:Nuclear PKG localization is regulated by G₀ alpha and is necessary in the AWB neurons to mediate avoidance in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Release and uptake of volatile organic compounds by human hepatocellular carcinoma cells (HepG2) in vitro.
PubMed:Dissociation of proton bound ketone dimers in asymmetric electric fields with differential mobility spectrometry and in uniform electric fields with linear ion mobility spectrometry.
PubMed:Can volatile organic metabolites be used to simultaneously assess microbial and mite contamination level in cereal grains and coffee beans?
PubMed:Sensory interaction between attractant diacetyl and repellent 2-nonanone in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Mass and Ion Transport in Ketones and Ketone Electrolytes: Comparison with Acetate Systems.
PubMed:Effect of storage time and heat processing on the volatile profile of Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis Kaup, 1858) muscle.
PubMed:Attractiveness of an aggregation pheromone lure and chicken droppings to adults and larvae of Alphitobius diaperinus (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae).
PubMed:Salt reduction in slow fermented sausages affects the generation of aroma active compounds.
PubMed:Following butter flavour deterioration with an acoustic wave sensor.
PubMed:Synthesis of methyl ketones by metabolically engineered Escherichia coli.
PubMed:Molecular analysis of volatile metabolites released specifically by Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
PubMed:Effects of frozen storage and vacuum packaging on free fatty acid and volatile composition of Turkish Motal cheese.
PubMed:Measuring gas-liquid partition coefficients of aroma compounds by solid phase microextraction, sampling either headspace or liquid.
PubMed:Volatile biomarkers of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis and noncystic fibrosis bronchiectasis.
PubMed:Control of postharvest Botrytis fruit rot of strawberry by volatile organic compounds of Candida intermedia.
PubMed:Enhancement of odor avoidance regulated by dopamine signaling in Caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Novel platinum(II) complexes of 3-(aminomethyl)naphthoquinone Mannich bases: synthesis, crystal structure and cytotoxic activities.
PubMed:Isolation and characterization of 4-tert-butylphenol-utilizing Sphingobium fuliginis strains from Phragmites australis rhizosphere sediment.
PubMed:Transmembrane segment 3 of Drosophila melanogaster odorant receptor subunit 85b contributes to ligand-receptor interactions.
PubMed:Quantification of volatile compounds in goat milk Jack cheese using static headspace gas chromatography.
PubMed:Olfactory psychometric functions for homologous 2-ketones.
PubMed:Male-produced aggregation pheromone of the lesser mealworm beetle, Alphitobius diaperinus.
PubMed:Mesophilic and psychrotrophic bacteria from meat and their spoilage potential in vitro and in beef.
PubMed:Binding of flavor compounds and whey protein isolate as affected by heat and high pressure treatments.
PubMed:Multi-channel open tubular traps for headspace sampling, gas chromatographic fraction collection and olfactory assessment of milk volatiles.
PubMed:Interactions between beta-lactoglobulin and aroma compounds: different binding behaviors as a function of ligand structure.
PubMed:Relationship between sensory attributes and volatile compounds qualifying dry-cured hams.
PubMed:Asthma arising in flavoring-exposed food production workers.
PubMed:Chemical characterization of territorial marking fluid of male Bengal tiger, Panthera tigris.
PubMed:Kinetic analysis of volatile formation in milk subjected to pressure-assisted thermal treatments.
PubMed:Binding of 2-nonanone and milk proteins in aqueous model systems.
PubMed:Active package for wild strawberry fruit (Fragaria vesca L.).
PubMed:Effect of concentration and relative humidity on the transfer of alkan-2-ones through paper coated with wheat gluten.
PubMed:Quantitative determination of thermally derived off-flavor compounds in milk using solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography.
PubMed:Assessment of monitoring methods for early detection of three species of storage mite in bulk oilseed rape.
PubMed:Volatile organic compounds in natural biofilm in polyethylene pipes supplied with lake water and treated water from the distribution network.
PubMed:Characterization of respiratory exposures at a microwave popcorn plant with cases of bronchiolitis obliterans.
PubMed:The metabolism of nonane, a JP-8 jet fuel component, by human liver microsomes, P450 isoforms and alcohol dehydrogenase and inhibition of human P450 isoforms by JP-8.
PubMed:Expeditious asymmetric synthesis of a stereoheptad corresponding to the C(19)-C(27)-ansa chain of rifamycins: formal total synthesis of Rifamycin S.
PubMed:Evidence for pi-pi electron donor-acceptor interactions between pi-donor aromatic compounds and pi-acceptor sites in soil organic matter through pH effects on sorption.
PubMed:Olfactory sensitivity for aliphatic ketones in squirrel monkeys and pigtail macaques.
PubMed:Volatiles in a sausage surface model-influence of Penicillium nalgiovense, Pediococcus pentosaceus, ascorbate, nitrate and temperature.
PubMed:Analysis of ketones by selected ion flow tube mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Odorants in breast milk.
PubMed:Otx/otd homeobox genes specify distinct sensory neuron identities in C. elegans.
PubMed:Chemistry, ontogeny, and role of pygidial gland secretions of the vinegaroon Mastigoproctus giganteus (Arachnida: Uropygi).
PubMed:Influence of lipophilicity on the interactions of N-alkyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridines and their positively charged N-alkyl-4-phenylpyridinium metabolites with cytochrome P450 2D6.
PubMed:Necrosis of nasal and airway epithelium in rats inhaling vapors of artificial butter flavoring.
PubMed:In vitro efficacy of plant volatiles for inhibiting the growth of fruit and vegetable decay microorganisms.
PubMed:Resistance to 2-tridecanone in Tetranychus urticae: effects of induced resistance, cross-resistance and heritability.
PubMed:Rhodium carboxylate catalyzed decomposition of vinyldiazoacetates in the presence of heterodienes: enantioselective synthesis of the 6-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonane and 6-azabicyclo[3.2.2]nonanone ring systems.
PubMed:Chemosignalling of musth by individual wild African elephants (Loxodonta africana): implications for conservation and management.
PubMed:Flavor production from a non-stick oil by moulds.
PubMed:Effect of meso-substituents on the osmium tetraoxide reaction and pinacol-pinacolone rearrangement of the corresponding vic-dihydroxyporphyrins.
PubMed:Volatile compounds released during ripening in Italian dried sausage.
PubMed:Volatile sulfur production by pig cecal bacteria in batch culture and screening inhibitors of sulfate reducing bacteria.
PubMed:Interactions between methyl ketones and beta-lactoglobulin: sensory analysis, headspace analysis, and mathematical modeling.
PubMed:High-resolution gas-chromatographic analysis of the secondary metabolites obtained by subcritical-fluid extraction from Colombian rue (Ruta graveolens L.).
PubMed:Odour-impact compounds of Gorgonzola cheese.
PubMed:A transmembrane guanylyl cyclase (DAF-11) and Hsp90 (DAF-21) regulate a common set of chemosensory behaviors in caenorhabditis elegans.
PubMed:Volatile compounds from Escherichia coli O157:H7 and their absorption by strawberry fruit.
PubMed:Transfer of aroma compounds in water-lipid systems: binding tendency of beta-lactoglobulin.
PubMed:Interactions between aroma and edible films. 1. Permeability Of methylcellulose and low-density polyethylene films to methyl ketones.
PubMed:Reptilian chemistry: characterization of dianeackerone, a secretory product from a crocodile.
PubMed:Reprogramming chemotaxis responses: sensory neurons define olfactory preferences in C. elegans.
PubMed:Relative sensitivity of the ocular trigeminal, nasal trigeminal and olfactory systems to airborne chemicals.
PubMed:Volatile organic chemicals of a shore-dwelling cyanobacterial mat community.
PubMed:Leukotriene B4 receptor antagonists: the LY255283 series of hydroxyacetophenones.
PubMed:Effects of several selected odorants on the sodium- and potassium-dependent adenosine triphosphatase activities of two different chicken olfactory tuberinals.
PubMed:Chemical analysis of temporal gland secretions collected from an Asian bull elephant during a four-month musth episode.
PubMed:Volatile methyl ketone seed-germination inhibitors fromAmaranthus palmeri S. Wats. Residues.
PubMed:Observations concerning the nature of sites of anaesthetic action in Gammarus.
PubMed:Volatiles of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and related species by automated headspace concentration--gas chromatography.
PubMed:Anaesthetic action of esters and ketones: evidence for an interaction with the sodium channel protein in squid axons.
PubMed:Odorous chemical perturbations of (Na+ + K+)-dependent ATPase activities. Effects on native and lipid-substituted preparations from individual turbinals from dog olfactory tissue.
PubMed:Commercial-grade methyl heptyl ketone (5-methyl-2-octanone) neurotoxicity: contribution of 5-nonanone.
PubMed:The neurotoxicity of 5-nonanone: preliminary report.
PubMed:Headspace analysis of volatile metabolites of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and related species by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
PubMed:Stabilization of proteins by solvents. Effect of pH and anions on the positive cooperativity of 2-nonanone binding to bovine serum albumin.
PubMed:[Gas-chromatographic-mass-spectral analysis of aroma-compounds of bread (author's transl)].
PubMed:A novel ketone monooxygenase from Pseudomonas cepacia. Purification and properties.
 
Notes:
Present in banana, ginger, Brazil nut, attar of rose, clove oil, coconut oil, passionflower, sorghum, asparagus, tomato, corn, wine, cheese, beer, blackcurrant buds, melon, strawberry jam etc. Flavouring ingredient
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