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palmarosa oil
cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf. oil

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Fragrance Demo Formulas
Flavor Demo Formulas
Name:cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf. oil
CAS Number: 8014-19-5
ECHA EC Number:283-461-2
FDA UNII:0J3G3O53ST
MDL:MFCD00241309
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
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NCBI:Search
FEMA Number:2831 palmarosa oil
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm (SATF):8014-19-5 ; GERANIUM, EAST INDIAN, OIL (CYMBOPOGON MARTINI STAPF.)
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 182 -- SUBSTANCES GENERALLY RECOGNIZED AS SAFE
Subpart A--General Provisions
Sec. 182.20 Essential oils, oleoresins (solvent-free), and natural extractives (including distillates).
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:yellow clear liquid (est)
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Flash Point: 212.00 °F. TCC ( 100.00 °C. )
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 255.8 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
Stability:
 bath foam
 cream
 hair spray
 lipstick
 lotion
 non-discoloring in most media
 powder
 shampoo
 soap
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: floral
Odor Strength:medium
Substantivity:60 hour(s) at 100.00 %
sweet floral citrus grassy citronella geranium metallic tomato leafy
Odor Description:at 100.00 %. sweet floral citrus grassy citronella geranium metallic tomato leafy
Luebke, William tgsc, (1996)
Odor sample from: Bush Boake Allen Inc
Flavor Type: grassy
sweet grassy weedy spicy herbal citronella citrus lemon verbena
Taste Description: sweet grassy weedy spicy herbal citronella citrus lemon verbena
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: masking agents
skin conditioning
tonic
 
Suppliers:
Absolute Cosmetic Essentials
Palmarosa Oil
Albert Vieille SAS
Palmarosa Essential oil India
Odor: itral-like and herbaceous, with a strong rosy note
Use: Palmarosa known by many common names worldwide, such as scented rush, geranium grass, rose grass belongs to the same botanical family as citronella and lemongrass. This grass, a native to India, forms a dense tuft of long, flat, green leaves. When rubbed, they release a powerful lemony odor and are used in so-called “verbena” teas. Palmarosa grows wild in India, the Radjmahal Mountains on the Afghan border, and in Himalayan subtropical regions. The above-ground plant parts are harvested by indigenous tribes, who have handed down their knowledge about this plant from generation to generation. The plants are then dried for a week to increase the essential oil yield. The oil’s fragrance is citral-like and herbaceous, with a strong rosy note.
Harvest Calendar
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
Organic Palmarosa Oil
Aromatic and Allied Chemicals
Palmarosa Oil
Arora Aromatics
Palmrosa Oil
Asean Aromatics
Palmarosa Oil
Astral Extracts
Palmarosa Oil
Augustus Oils
Palmarosa Aromatherapy Oil
Services
Augustus Oils
Palmarosa Essential Oil
Azelis UK
Organic Palmarosa Oil India
Services
Berjé
Palmarosa Oil
Happening at Berje
Biolandes Parfumerie
palmarosa oil India
Odor: rosy floral family / geranium, citronella, green
Photo Gallery
Bontoux
PALMAROSA ESSENTIAL OIL
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Palmarosa essential oil, Bulk
Odor: characteristic
Use: Powdery, floral, herbaceous, perhaps with a hint of rose. It is antifungal and antiviral. Indicated for bronchitis, birthing, regeneration of the skin, and regulating oil production of the skin. Useful in treating skin infections. Blends well with bergamot, citronella, jasmine, lavender, petitgrain and rose.
Camden-Grey Essential Oils
Palmarosa essential oil
Charabot
Palmarosa oil
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Floral, metallic, fruity/papaya, mushroom, rosy
Creatingperfume.com
Palmarosa Essential Oil
De Monchy Aromatics
Palmarosa Oil
Earthoil
Palmarosa Oil Organic
Elixens America
Palmarosa Essential Oil India
100% Pure and Natural
Elixens America
Palmarosa Oil Sri Lanka
Certified Organic
Ernesto Ventós
PALMAROSA OIL
Odor: SWEET, FLORAL-ROSY
Excellentia International
Palmarosa Oil
Fleurchem
palmarosa oil brazil/guatemala
Fleurchem
palmarosa oil india
George Uhe Company
Palmarosa Oil
Available in FCC and from Various Origins
Global Essence
Palmarosa Oil Organic
Global Essence
Palmarosa Oil
Golden Spice
Palmarosa Oil
HDDES Group
Palmarosa Oil
Organic
Odor: characteristic
Use: This oil is regarded as firm oil for Therapy and Aromatherapy in which it is ideal medicine for the illness such as stiff and sore muscles, while medicinal properties that have capabilities to keep up the mental balance in proper order in human body. In addition most of the cosmetic industry is used the oil as an ingredient to protect the skin as a medical solution, which further enhances the oil value to the industries revolved in the globe. Palmarosa oil has a sweet floral, with a hint of rose smell and is pale yellow in color with a nearly watery viscosity, which can be blend with most of the oils in the market. Besides that the great distinguish point of the oil by comparing with the other essential oils are the values of non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing that oil possess. With the ideal steam distillation unit available in the factory to distill the oil, the main properties that come out from the grade that manufactures and markets under the brand name of HDDES are myrcene, linalool, geraniol, geranyl acetate, dipentene and limonene.
Hermitage Oils
Palmarosa Essential Oil
Odor: characteristic
Use: Palmarosa is a wild growing herbaceous plant with grassy leaves native to Indonesia. The essential oil is obtained by steam distilling the grass and the smell is fresh grassy, lemony, with geranium rose and ocean breeze qualities.
The Vault
Indenta Group
Palmarosa Oil
India Essential Oils
Palmarosa Oil
Indo World Trading
Palmarosa Herb Oil
Indukern F&F
PALMAROSA OIL
Odor: ROSE, FATTY, FLORAL, GERANIUM
Jiangyin Healthway
Palmarosa Oil
New functional food ingredients
Kanta Enterprises
Palmarosa Oil
Liberty Natural Products
PALMAROSA INDIA
Lluch Essence
PALMAROSA OIL
Minerva Flavours and Fragrances
Palmarosa Oil
Moellhausen
PALMAROSA EO
Odor: sweet, floreal, sage
Flavor: fresh, fruity, woody
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
Palmarosa Oil
Natural
Odor: Sweet citrus grassy citronella geranium
Natural & Essential Oils
Palmarosa Oil
Noble Molecular Research
For experimental / research use only.
Palmarosa Oil (all Grades)
OQEMA
Palmarosa Oil
Payand Betrand
Palmarosa oil fractions (Geraniol) France
Payand Betrand
Palmarosa Oil India
Payand Betrand
Palmarosa Oil Organic Nepal
Penta International
PALMAROSA OIL INDIAN
PerfumersWorld
Palmarosa Oil
Odor: dry mettallic rose geranium herb
Phoenix Aromas & Essential Oils
Palmarosa Oil
Plant Lipids
Palmarosa Oil
Plants Power
Palmarosa Oil ORGANIC Nepal
Odor: sweet, floral, slightly dry with an herbaceous undertone and a hint of rose
Use: Palmarosa is used widely in perfumery and soap making for rose- and geranium-like scents. It has a calming and uplifting effect on the emotions as well as a hydrating effect on the skin. Palmarosa is used to stimulate cellular regeneration, helping decrease acne, scars, dermatitis, and wrinkles.
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Organic Palmarosa Oil
R C Treatt & Co Ltd
Palmarosa Oil
Reincke & Fichtner
Palmarosa Oil organic + NOP
Reincke & Fichtner
Palmarosa Oil
Robertet
Palmarosa Ess. oil (for fragrance)
Robertet
PALMAROSA
100% Pure & Natural, Kosher
Odor: Floral, metallic, fruity/papaya, mushroom, rosy
Silverline Chemicals
Palmarosa Oil
Synthite Industries
PALMAROSA EO
India
Odor: Soft, Floral, Rosaceous, dry
Use: Palmarosa is a wild growing, herbaceous green and straw-colored grass. It has a rose-like fragrance. Popularly used as an ingredient in soaps, perfumes and cosmetics. Palmarosa essential oil soothes the mind, yet has an uplifting effect. Ideal to counter physical and nervous exhaustion, stress-related problems and nervousness. Blends well with Geranium, Bergamot, RosemaryLime, Ylang-Ylang
E-books and Brochures
The Lebermuth Company
Palmarosa Indian
Odor: Geranoil
The Lermond Company
PALMAROSA OIL P&N - AV
The Perfumers Apprentice
Palmarosa India
Odor: sweet rose grassy
The Perfumers Apprentice
Palmarosa organic (Nepal) J.Steele
Ultra International
Palmarosa Oil India
Crop Calendar
Ungerer & Company
Palmarosa Oil FCC
Ungerer & Company
Palmarosa Oil Organic
Vigon International
Palmarosa Oil India
White Lotus Aromatics
Palmarosa essential oil
Odor: light, sweet, green-grassy , roseaceous bouquet with a lemony undertone
Use: In natural perfumery used in rose bases, herbaceous bouquets, aromatherapy blends, herbaceous accords, ayurvedic preparations.
 
Safety Information:
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xi - Irritant
R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
R 41 - Risk of serious damage to eyes.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 37/39 - Wear suitable gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 947, 1974.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 > 5000 mg/kg
Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 12, Pg. 947, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
IFRA Critical Effect: Sensitization
contains the following IFRA (Annex) restricted components: (non-analysis max. level reference only)
citral Max. Found: <1.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
geraniol Max. Found: <85.00 % and Reason: Sensitization
farnesol Max. Found: <1.20 % and Reason: Sensitization
Recommendation for palmarosa oil usage levels up to:
  8.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -13.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -4.20000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: -1.70000
fruit ices: -1.70000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -12.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
EPI System: View
Daily Med:search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):8014-19-5
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:2
cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf. oil
Chemidplus:0008014195
RTECS:RT4045000 for cas# 8014-19-5
 
References:
 cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf. oil
Canada Domestic Sub. List:8014-19-5
Pubchem (sid):135298800
 
Other Information:
FDA Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS):View
Export Tariff Code:3301.21.0000
Typical G.C.
Wikipedia:View
FAO:BASIC PRINCIPLES OF STEAM DISTILLATION
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
TMH aldehyde
FR
anisic
estragole
FL/FR
aromatic
aromatic woody citrus floral fragrance
FR
balsamic
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
citronella
4,8-
dimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FR
citrus
acetaldehyde citronellyl methyl acetal
FR
agrestic specialty
FR
bergamot fragrance
FR
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil replacer
FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
bergamot vanilla specialty
FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
citronella fragrance
FR
citronella oil java replacer
FR
citrus floral green fragrance
FR
citrus ocimenol
FR
citrus specialty
FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanyl acetate
FR
2-
dodecanone
FL/FR
citrus
floral fragrance
FR
lime fragrance
FR
lime octadienal
FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
lime oil replacer
FR
lime specialty
FR
mandarin fragrance
FR
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
mandarin oil replacer
FR
mandarin specialty
FR
3-
methyl-4-(2-methyl butyl oxy) butyraldehyde
FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
verbena fragrance
FR
floral
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
bergamot blossom fragrance
FR
bois de rose fragrance
FR
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
bois de rose oil replacer
FR
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
iso
cyclodimethyl octanol
FR
cymbopogon martini stapf. herb extract
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
floral pyran
FR
gardenia acetal
FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
muguet nitrile
FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil tunisia
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
palmarosa oil replacer
FR
peony acetonitrile
FR
petitgrain concrete
FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil morocco
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
2-
phenethyl valerate
FL/FR
tetrahydrolinalyl acetate
FR
undecanal dimethyl acetal
FR
green
cucumber fragrance
FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute france
FL/FR
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
origanum oil
FL/FR
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
minty
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
peppermint oil special fractions
FL/FR
laevo-
piperitone
FL/FR
pine
dihydroterpineol
FR
spicy
carvacrol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
terpenic
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
tonka
coumarin
FR
waxy
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
woody
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
pelargonium radula oil
FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
(R)-(+)-beta-
citronellol
FL/FR
alpha-
decalactone
FL/FR
decanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
magnolia flower oil
FL/FR
mandarine undecenal
FL/FR
nerolidyl acetate
FL/FR
(E,E)-2,6-allo
ocimene
FL/FR
2-
phenethyl valerate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
1-
undecanol
FL/FR
aromatic
hyacinth acetals
FL/FR
balsamic
iso
bornyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
copaiba balsam oil
FL/FR
citrus
bergamot oil
FL/FR
bergamot oil bergaptene reduced italy
FL/FR
bergamot oil turkey
FL/FR
beta-
bisabolol
FL/FR
citral diethyl acetal
FL/FR
lime oil distilled mexico
FL/FR
linalool
FL/FR
mandarin oil
FL/FR
mandarin oil italy
FL/FR
nerol
FL/FR
neroli oil tunisia
FL/FR
petitgrain lemon oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil morocco
FL/FR
alpha-
terpineol
FL/FR
(±)-2,4,8-
trimethyl-7-nonen-2-ol
FL/FR
cooling
spike
lavender oil
FL/FR
fatty
2-
dodecanone
FL/FR
floral
bois de rose oil brazil
FL/FR
cymbopogon martini stapf. herb extract
FL/FR
3,7-
dimethyl-6-octenoic acid
FL/FR
geranium oil bourbon
FL/FR
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
pseudo
ionone
FL
linalyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
benzyl acetate
FL/FR
green
alfalfa distillates
FL
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
dihydrocarveol
FL/FR
dihydromyrcenol
FL/FR
geranyl acetate
FL/FR
nonanal dimethyl acetal
FL/FR
3-
nonanone
FL/FR
herbal
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
caraway flavor
FL
cardamom distillates
FL
cardamom flavor
FL
cilantro herb oil egypt
FL/FR
coriander seed oil
FL/FR
green hexanal
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
lavender absolute france
FL/FR
lavender flavor
FL
oregano flavor
FL
oregano oleoresin
FL
origanum oil
FL/FR
parsley flavor
FL
curled
parsley leaf oil
FL/FR
petitgrain oil paraguay
FL/FR
tarragon oleoresin
FL
licorice
estragole
FL/FR
medicinal
dimethyl benzyl carbinol
FL/FR
frankincense absolute
FL/FR
minty
peppermint oil special fractions
FL/FR
laevo-
piperitone
FL/FR
spicy
carvacrol
FL/FR
cassia bark oil china
FL/FR
clove bud oil
FL/FR
geranium flavor
FL
2-
octanol
FL/FR
black
pepper absolute
FL/FR
tomato
catsup flavor
FL
waxy
decanal (aldehyde C-10)
FL/FR
hydroxycitronellal
FL/FR
woody
amyris wood oil
FL/FR
iso
bornyl acetate
FL/FR
guaiacwood oil
FL/FR
patchouli oil
FL/FR
alpha-
pinene
FL/FR
alpha-
terpinyl acetate
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRapple blossom
FRbouquet
FRcarnation
FRclove
FRgeranium
FRlily
FRlily of the valley
FRlinden flower
FRrose
FRrose red rose
FRrose white rose
FRtuberose
FRvetiver
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 cymbopogon martini roxb.
Search Trop Picture
 
Synonyms:
 cymbopogon martini roxb. oil
 cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf. oil
turkish geranium oil (cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf.)
 geranium turkish oil (cymbopogon martini roxb. stapf.)
 palmarosa brasil EO
 palmarosa EO
 palmarosa ess select 01
 palmarosa ess. oil (for fragrance) (Robertet)
 palmarosa essential oil
 palmarosa herb oil
 palmarosa oil
 palmarosa oil brazil/guatemala
 palmarosa oil FCC
 palmarosa oil guatemala
 palmarosa oil india
 palmarosa oil india organic
 palmarosa oil indian
 palmarosa oil organic
 

Articles:

PubMed:Enzymatic modification of palmarosa essential oil: chemical analysis and olfactory evaluation of acylated products.
J-Stage:Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, and Anti-Inflammatory Activities of Essential Oils from Five Selected Herbs
PubMed:Comparative molecular docking analysis of essential oil constituents as elastase inhibitors.
PubMed:Characterization of biofumigated Ralstonia solanacearum cells using micro-Raman spectroscopy and electron microscopy.
PubMed:Action of Coriandrum sativum L. Essential Oil upon Oral Candida albicans Biofilm Formation.
PubMed:Antibacterial activity of essential oils from palmarosa, evening primrose, lavender and tuberose.
PubMed:The effect of penetration enhancers on permeation kinetics of nitrendipine in two different skin models.
PubMed:Edible alginate-based coating as carrier of antimicrobials to improve shelf-life and safety of fresh-cut melon.
PubMed:Major constituents and anthelmintic activity of volatile oils from leaves and flowers of Cymbopogon martini Roxb.
PubMed:Antimicrobial action of palmarosa oil (Cymbopogon martinii) on Saccharomyces cerevisiae.
PubMed:An esterase is involved in geraniol production during palmarosa inflorescence development.
PubMed:Biotransformation of geranyl acetate to geraniol during palmarosa (Cymbopogon martinii, Roxb. wats. var. motia) inflorescence development.
PubMed:Characterization of resistance to essential oils in a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (VR-6).
 
Notes:
Palmarosa Oil is steam distilled or water distilled mainly from wild growing, fresh or dried grass of the plant Cymbopogon Martini, varietas motia. The grass grows wild in India, particularly northeast of Bombay toward the Himalaya mountains and to a lesser extent, in Pakistan. The grass has been planted in the Seychelle islands and in the Comoro islands in the Indian Ocean. tsca definition 2008: extractives and their physically modified derivatives. cymbopogon martini, gramineae.
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