EU/US Properties Organoleptics Cosmetics Suppliers Safety Safety in use Safety references References Other Blenders Uses Occurrence Synonyms Articles Notes
 

1-heptanol
heptyl alcohol

Sponsors

Name:heptan-1-ol
CAS Number: 111-70-6Picture of molecule3D/inchi
ECHA EINECS - REACH Pre-Reg:203-897-9
FDA UNII:8JQ5607IO5
Nikkaji Web:J2.457K
Beilstein Number:1731686
MDL:MFCD00002986
CoE Number:70
XlogP3:2.70 (est)
Molecular Weight:110.15590000
Formula:C7 H10 O
BioActivity Summary:listing
NMR Predictor:Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category:flavor and fragrance agents
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar:Search
Google Books:Search
Google Scholar: with word "volatile"Search
Google Scholar: with word "flavor"Search
Google Scholar: with word "odor"Search
Perfumer and Flavorist:Search
Google Patents:Search
US Patents:Search
EU Patents:Search
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed:Search
NCBI:Search
JECFA Food Flavoring:94 heptyl alcohol
FLAVIS Number:02.021 (Old)
DG SANTE Food Flavourings:02.021 heptan-1-ol
FEMA Number:2548 heptyl alcohol
FDA:No longer provide for the use of these seven synthetic flavoring substances
FDA Mainterm: HEPTYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation:
FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
 
Physical Properties:
Appearance:colorless clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: Yes
Specific Gravity:0.82000 to 0.82300 @ 25.00 °C.
Pounds per Gallon - (est).: 6.823 to 6.848
Refractive Index:1.42200 to 1.42600 @ 20.00 °C.
Melting Point: -36.00 to -34.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 175.00 to 176.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Boiling Point: 104.00 to 105.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
Acid Value: 1.00 max. KOH/g
Vapor Pressure:0.325000 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 165.00 °F. TCC ( 73.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 2.620
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 fixed oils
 water, 1940 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
 
Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: green
Odor Strength:medium ,
recommend smelling in a 10.00 % solution or less
Substantivity:12 hour(s) at 100.00 %
musty leafy violet herbal green sweet woody peony
Odor Description:at 10.00 % in dipropylene glycol. musty leafy violet herbal green sweet woody peony
Luebke, William tgsc, (1984)
Odor sample from: Givaudan Corporation
musty pungent leafy green vegetable fruity apple banana
Odor Description:at 1.00 %. Musty, pungent, leafy green, with vegetative and fruity nuances of apple and banana
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Flavor Type: solvent
solvent fermented oily nutty fatty green aldehydic
Taste Description: at 1.00 - 10.00 ppm. Solvent-like, fermented with oily nutty and fatty notes, and a slight green aldehydic under note
Mosciano, Gerard P&F 26, No. 3, 80, (2001)
Odor and/or flavor descriptions from others (if found).
Alfrebro
n-HEPTYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Odor Description:Citrus, Heavy, Oily
 
Cosmetic Information:
CosIng:cosmetic data
Cosmetic Uses: perfuming agents
 
Suppliers:
Acme Synthetic Chemicals
Heptyl Alcohol 99% Min by GC
Alfrebro
n-HEPTYL ALCOHOL NATURAL
Odor: Citrus, Heavy, Oily
Arkema
Oleris® n-Heptanol
Odor: characteristic
Use: Oleris® n-Heptanol is mainly used as a synthesis intermediate in the fragrances and flavors industry, in plasticizers for polymers and in cosmetics.
Aurochemicals
HEPTANOL, Natural
BOC Sciences
For experimental / research use only.
1-Heptanol
EMD Millipore
For experimental / research use only.
1-Heptanol
Fleurchem
alcohol C-7 natural
Fleurchem
alcohol C-7
Grau Aromatics
HEPTANOL-1 FCC
Inoue Perfumery
HEPTANOL
Jiangyin Healthway
Heptanol Natural99%
New functional food ingredients
Lluch Essence
ALCOHOL C-07
Odor: HERBACEOUS, MUSTY, GREEN
M&U International
NAT. HEPTANOL
M&U International
NAT. HEPTANOL
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
1 - Heptanol
Odor: Musty leafy violet herbal green sweet woody peony, weak alcohol
Nagar Haveli Perfumes & Aromatics
1 - Heptanol
Natural
Odor: Musty leafy violet herbal green sweet woody peony, weak alcohol
OQEMA
Heptyl Alcohol natural
Penta International
HEPTYL ALCOHOL, Kosher
Penta International
HEPTYL ALCOHOL, NATURAL, Kosher
Prodasynth
HEPTANOL >98%
Sigma-Aldrich
Heptyl alcohol, ≥97%, FCC, FG
Odor: apple; apricot; coconut; musty; oily; woody; citrus; nutty; fruity; strawberry; vanilla; vegetable; meaty; green; wine-like
Certified Food Grade Products
Sigma-Aldrich
Heptyl alcohol, natural, 98%
SRS Aromatics
HEPTANOL -1 FCC
TCI AMERICA
For experimental / research use only.
1-Heptanol >98.0%(GC)
Treatt
1-Heptanol
Vigon International
Alcohol C-7 (Heptanol)
 
Safety Information:
Preferred SDS: View
European information :
Most important hazard(s):
Xn - Harmful.
R 20/21/22 - Harmful by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
S 23 - Do not breath vapour.
S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
S 36/37/39 - Wear suitable clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Human Experience:
1 % solution: no irritation or sensitization.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
oral-rat LD50 500 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles de Medecine du Travail et de Securite Sociale. Vol. 35, Pg. 501, 1974.

oral-rabbit LD50 750 mg/kg
Hygiene and Sanitation Vol. 31(1-3), Pg. 310, 1966.

oral-mouse LD50 1500 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 31, Pg. 16, 1966.

unreported-mammal (species unspecified) LD50 4350 mg/kg
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(5), Pg. 61, 1986.

Dermal Toxicity:
skin-rabbit LD50 2000 mg/kg
LUNGS, THORAX, OR RESPIRATION: ACUTE PULMONARY EDEMA
Archives des Maladies Professionnelles de Medecine du Travail et de Securite Sociale. Vol. 35, Pg. 501, 1974.

Inhalation Toxicity:
inhalation-mouse LC50 6600 mg/m3/2H
"Toxicometric Parameters of Industrial Toxic Chemicals Under Single Exposure," Izmerov, N.F., et al., Moscow, Centre of International Projects, GKNT, 1982Vol. -, Pg. 72, 1982.

inhalation-mammal (species unspecified) LC50 6600 mg/m3
Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 51(5), Pg. 61, 1986.

 
Safety in Use Information:
Category: flavor and fragrance agents
Recommendation for 1-heptanol usage levels up to:
  3.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
 
Structure Class: I
Use levels for FEMA GRAS flavoring substances on which the FEMA Expert Panel based its judgments that the substances are generally recognized as safe (GRAS).
The Expert Panel also publishes separate extensive reviews of scientific information on all FEMA GRAS flavoring substances and can be found at FEMA Flavor Ingredient Library
publication number: 3
 average usual ppmaverage maximum ppm
baked goods: -3.00000
beverages(nonalcoholic): -0.90000
beverages(alcoholic): --
breakfast cereal: --
cheese: --
chewing gum: --
condiments / relishes: --
confectionery froastings: --
egg products: --
fats / oils: --
fish products: --
frozen dairy: 1.000005.00000
fruit ices: 1.000005.00000
gelatins / puddings: --
granulated sugar: --
gravies: --
hard candy: -3.00000
imitation dairy: --
instant coffee / tea: --
jams / jellies: --
meat products: --
milk products: --
nut products: --
other grains: --
poultry: --
processed fruits: --
processed vegetables: --
reconstituted vegetables: --
seasonings / flavors: --
snack foods: --
soft candy: --
soups: --
sugar substitutes: --
sweet sauces: --
 
Safety References:
European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s):

Flavouring Group Evaluation 1, Revision 1 (FGE.01Rev 1): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Scientific Opinion of the Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC) on a request from the Commission
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 2, Revision 1 (FGE.02) : Branched- and straight-chain aliphatic saturated primary alcohols and related esters of primary alcohols and straight-chain carboxylic acids and one straight-chain aldehyde from chemical groups 1 and 2 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC)
View page or View pdf

Flavouring Group Evaluation 01 Rev2 (FGE.01 Rev2): Branched-chain aliphatic saturated aldehydes, carboxylic acids and related esters of primary alcohols and branched-chain carboxylic acids from chemical groups 1 and 2
View page or View pdf

Scientific Opinion on the safety and efficacy of straight-chain primary aliphatic alcohols/aldehydes/acids, acetals and esters with esters containing saturated alcohols and acetals containing saturated aldehydes (chemical group 1) when used as flavourings for all animal species
View page or View pdf

EPI System: View
NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards:search
NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank:Search
Cancer Citations:Search
Toxicology Citations:Search
Env. Mutagen Info. Center:Search
NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity:Search
EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA):111-70-6
EPA ACToR:Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS):Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary :8129
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases:Data
WGK Germany:1
heptan-1-ol
Chemidplus:0000111706
EPA/NOAA CAMEO:hazardous materials
RTECS:111-70-6
 
References:
 heptan-1-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook:Search Inchi
Canada Domestic Sub. List:111-70-6
Pubchem (cid):8129
Pubchem (sid):134975189
Flavornet:111-70-6
Pherobase:View
 
Other Information:
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC):Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos:The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc:Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC):Periodic Table of the Elements
FDA Everything Added to Food in the United States (EAFUS):View
CHEMBL:View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database):HMDB31479
FooDB:FDB008053
YMDB (Yeast Metabolome Database):YMDB01475
Export Tariff Code:2905.19.9090
Haz-Map:View
Typical G.C.
VCF-Online:VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider:View
Wikipedia:View
RSC Learn Chemistry:View
Formulations/Preparations:
•c7 alcohol isomeric mixtures •c7-c9-c11 alcohol isomeric mixtures •c7-c8-c9 alcohol isomeric mixtures
 
Potential Blenders and core components note
For Odor
aldehydic
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
animal
iso
butyl quinoline
FR
brown
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
caramellic
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
chocolate
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
citrus
neroli ketone
FR
fatty
decanol
FL/FR
2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
floral
allyl anthranilate
FL/FR
cassie concrete
FR
2,4-
dimethyl-3-cyclohexene-1-methanol
FR
geranium pyran
FR
geranium specialty
FR
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
3-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde dipropyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
bromstyrol
CS
3,5,6-neo
cyclocitral
FR
para-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
galbanum oil terpeneless
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
heptyl cinnamate
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl methyl carbonate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
hexoxyacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal
FR
hexyl heptanoate
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
lawsonia inermis leaf oil CO2 extract
FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
leafy oxime
FR
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate replacer
FR
3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
nonyn-1-al dimethyl acetal
FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
olive oil absolute
FL/FR
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
iso
propyl phenyl propionaldehyde
FR
rosa damascena leaf absolute
FR
rosacyanthin
FR
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
violet dienyne
FR
violet leaf oil (viola odorata)
FL/FR
violet nitrile
FR
herbal
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
herbal heptane
FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
lovage tincture
FL/FR
theaspirane
FL/FR
tricyclodecyl acetate
FR
melon
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
minty
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
mossy
treemoss absolute
FR
pine
dipentene terpene hydrocarbon byproducts
FR
spicy
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
iso
cyclogeraniol (IFF)
FR
sulfurous
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
waxy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
For Flavor
No flavor group found for these
acetaldehyde di-(Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetal
FL/FR
6-
acetoxydihydrotheaspirane
FL/FR
2-
acetyl-4-isopropyl pyridine
FL
allyl anthranilate
FL/FR
alpha-
amyl cinnamyl formate
FL/FR
dimethyl benzyl carbinyl formate
FL/FR
2-
ethyl-4,5-dimethyl oxazole
FL
heptyl cinnamate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (E)-crotonate
FL/FR
(E)-4-
hexenal
FL
hexyl heptanoate
FL/FR
2-
methyl thiazole
FL
4-(
methyl thio) butanol
FL
2-
methyl-3-heptanone
FL
3-
methyl-3-pentanol
FL
1,5-
octadien-3-ol
FL
2-iso
propyl-3-(methyl thio) pyrazine
FL
iso
pulegyl formate
FL/FR
aldehydic
aldehydic
2-
tridecenal
FL/FR
alliaceous
3-
tetrahydrothiophenone
FL
tropical thiazole
FL/FR
apple
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
caramellic
fenugreek absolute
FL/FR
cooling
theaspirane
FL/FR
fatty
(E,E)-2,4-
heptadienal
FL
sec-
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl benzoate
FL/FR
2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
2-
nonenal
FL/FR
2-
octen-1-ol
FL/FR
floral
(E)-
geranyl acetone
FL/FR
geranyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
fruity
iso
amyl isobutyrate
FL/FR
benzaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
hexyl hexanoate
FL/FR
linalyl octanoate
FL/FR
neryl formate
FL/FR
styralyl acetate
FL/FR
green
acetaldehyde butyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde dipropyl acetal
FL/FR
acetaldehyde ethyl phenethyl acetal
FL/FR
iso
butyl angelate
FL/FR
(+)-alpha-
campholenic aldehyde
FL/FR
cucumber distillates
FL
dihydroxyacetophenone (mixed isomers)
FL
para-
dimethyl hydroquinone
FL/FR
diphenyl oxide
FL/FR
galbanum oil terpeneless
FL/FR
galbanum oleoresin
FL/FR
(Z)-4-
heptenal
FL/FR
(E)-2-
heptenal
FL
heptyl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-2-
hexen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl (Z)-3-hexenoate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
hexen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl lactate
FL/FR
(Z)-3-
hexen-1-yl methyl carbonate
FL/FR
3-
hexenal
FL/FR
(Z)-
leaf acetal
FL/FR
3,5-
lutidine
FL
methyl heptine carbonate
FL/FR
methyl octine carbonate
FL/FR
3-(5-
methyl-2-furyl) butanal
FL
3,6-
nonadien-1-ol
FL/FR
(E,Z)-2,6-
nonadien-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(E)-2-
octen-1-yl acetate
FL/FR
(Z)-5-
octen-1-yl propionate
FL/FR
1-
penten-3-ol
FL/FR
3-
phenyl propionaldehyde
FL/FR
2-
propyl pyrazine
FL
iso
propyl tiglate
FL/FR
propylene glycol acetone ketal
FL
rose leaf absolute (rosa centifolia)
FL/FR
violet leaf oil (viola odorata)
FL/FR
herbal
anethum graveolens herb oil
FL/FR
anthemis nobilis flower oil roman
FL/FR
sweet
basil absolute
FL/FR
hop absolute
FL/FR
hop oil
FL/FR
lovage tincture
FL/FR
leafy
methyl butyl phenyl acetate
FL/FR
metallic
4-
hexenol
FL/FR
3-(
methyl thio) hexanol
FL/FR
musty
2,5-
dimethyl pyrazine
FL/FR
nutty
arachis hypogaea fruit extract
FL
oily
3-
nonen-2-one
FL/FR
olive oil absolute
FL/FR
iso
phytol
FL/FR
onion
propyl thioacetate
FL
spicy
(-)-
cubenol
FL/FR
sulfurous
grapefruit menthane
FL/FR
waxy
decanol
FL/FR
(Z)-6-
nonen-1-ol
FL/FR
 
Potential Uses:
FRamber
FRapple
FRapricot
FRbalsam
FRbanana
FLbeer
 bread white bread
FRbutter
FRcarnation
FLcarrot
FRcitrus
FRclove
FRcoconut
FRcucumber
FLfish
FRgreen
FRjasmin
 melon watermelon muskmelon cantaloupe
FRoriental
FRspice
FRwoody
 
Occurrence (nature, food, other):note
 apple juice
Search PMC Picture
 apricot fruit
Search Trop Picture
 beer
Search PMC Picture
 bread white bread
Search PMC Picture
 butter
Search PMC Picture
 carrot
Search Trop Picture
 champaca concrete @ 0.01%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 coconut
Search Trop Picture
 fish
Search PMC Picture
 hyacinth
Search Trop Picture
 kachur oil @ 0.10%
Data GC Search Trop Picture
 lemon oil
Search Trop Picture
 macadamia nut
Search Trop Picture
 mushroom
Search PMC Picture
 orange fruit juice
Search Trop Picture
 plum fruit
Search Trop Picture
 potato chip
Search PMC Picture
 rice cooked rice
Search PMC Picture
 strawberry wild strawberry fruit
Search Trop Picture
 tea
Search Trop Picture
 tobacco
Search Trop Picture
 violet leaf
Search Trop Picture
 wine
Search Picture
 
Synonyms:
 alcohol C-7
 alcohol C-7 FCC
 alcohol C-7 natural
 alcohol, heptyl
 enanthic alcohol
 enanthyl alcohol
 gentanol
 heptan-1-ol
N-heptan-1-ol
N-heptanol
 heptanol-1 FCC
 heptyl alcohol
N-heptyl alcohol
 heptyl alcohol natural
 hexyl carbinol
 hydroxy heptane
 hydroxyheptane
1-hydroxyheptane
 

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PubMed:Laboratory investigation on the role of organics in atmospheric nanoparticle growth.
PubMed:Simple models for the effect of aliphatic alcohol additives on the retention in reversed-phase liquid chromatography.
PubMed:Development of a modified grating coupler in application to geosciences.
PubMed:Inhibition of electrochemically controlled bioluminescence of bacterial luciferase by n-alkyl alcohols.
PubMed:Patterned cardiomyocytes on microelectrode arrays as a functional, high information content drug screening platform.
PubMed:Water structure and dynamics at a silica surface: Pake doublets in 1H NMR spectra.
PubMed:NOS inhibition synchronizes calcium oscillations in human adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stem cells by increasing gap-junctional coupling.
PubMed:Assay for molecular transport across gap junction channels in one-dimensional cell arrays.
PubMed:[Effects of gap junction blocking on the oxygen partial pressure in acupoints of the bladder meridian].
PubMed:Retention prediction in reversed-phase liquid chromatography systems with methanol/water mobile phases containing different alkanols as additives.
PubMed:Mechanisms of inhibition of CaV3.1 T-type calcium current by aliphatic alcohols.
PubMed:Aromatic potential of botrytized white wine grapes: identification and quantification of new cysteine-S-conjugate flavor precursors.
PubMed:Behavioral and electrophysiological responses of Triatoma brasiliensis males to volatiles produced in the metasternal glands of females.
PubMed:Effect of the thermodynamic properties of W/O microemulsions on samarium oxide nanoparticle size.
PubMed:Damaging effect of cumulus denudation on rabbit oocytes.
PubMed:Aroma-active components of Lycii fructus (kukija).
PubMed:Volatile compounds in dry-cured Serrano ham subjected to high pressure processing. Effect of the packaging material.
PubMed:Solubilization in alkanes by alcohols as reverse hydrotropes or "lipotropes".
PubMed:Paracrine factors from cumulus-enclosed oocytes ensure the successful maturation and fertilization in vitro of denuded oocytes in the cat model.
PubMed:In vitro electrophysiological drug testing using human embryonic stem cell derived cardiomyocytes.
PubMed:Heterologous expression of the alcohol dehydrogenase (adhI) gene from Geobacillus thermoglucosidasius strain M10EXG.
PubMed:Novel fluoroalkyl end-capped amphiphilic diblock copolymers with pH/temperature response and self-assembly behavior.
PubMed:Fabrication and characterization of cross-linkable hydrogel particles based on hyaluronic acid: potential application in vocal fold regeneration.
PubMed:Application of a new theoretical procedure for calculating Kirkwood correlation factors in alkanol + hexane and alkanol + pentane mixtures.
PubMed:Mice lacking NKCC1 have normal olfactory sensitivity.
PubMed:Miscibility and interaction between 1-alkanol and short-chain phosphocholine in the adsorbed film and micelles.
PubMed:Molecular interactions in alcohol-ethyl methacrylate mixtures.
PubMed:Cardiac-restricted angiotensin-converting enzyme overexpression causes conduction defects and connexin dysregulation.
PubMed:Stimulation of corneal epithelial migration by a synthetic peptide (PHSRN) corresponding to the second cell-binding site of fibronectin.
PubMed:Electrokinetic migration of acidic drugs across a supported liquid membrane.
PubMed:Fluorescent detection for cyclic and acyclic alcohol guests by naphthalene-appended amino-beta-cyclodextrins.
PubMed:Kinetic model for reactivity in quaternary water-in-oil microemulsions.
PubMed:Effect of heptanol on noradrenaline-induced contractions in rat vas deferens.
PubMed:In vitro effects of insulin-like growth factors and insulin on oocyte maturation and maturation-inducing steroid production in ovarian follicles of common carp, Cyprinus carpio.
PubMed:[The effect of gap blocker 1-heptanol on function and morphology of guinea pig cochlea].
PubMed:Heat capacity studies of formation of micelle-like structure in aqueous solutions of some alkane polyols.
PubMed:Improved vacuum-UV (VUV)-initiated photomineralization of organic compounds in water with a xenon excimer flow-through photoreactor (Xe2* lamp, 172 nm) containing an axially centered ceramic oxygenator.
PubMed:Biocompatibility of a nonpenetrating synthetic cornea in vascularized rabbit corneas.
PubMed:The potential role of gap junction communication between cumulus cells and bovine oocytes during in vitro maturation.
PubMed:Aroma analysis of light-exposed milk stored with and without natural and synthetic antioxidants.
PubMed:Insulin-like growth factor-I induces oocyte maturational competence but not meiotic resumption in white bass (Morone chrysops) follicles in vitro: evidence for rapid evolution of insulin-like growth factor action.
PubMed:Comparison of the olfactory sensitivity of two sympatric steppe grasshopper species (Orthoptera: Acrididae) to plant volatile compounds.
PubMed:Junctional and nonjunctional effects of heptanol and glycyrrhetinic acid derivates in rat mesenteric small arteries.
PubMed:The nature of the hydrophobic n-alkanol binding site within the C1 domains of protein kinase Calpha.
PubMed:Effect of alcohol addition to the aqueous phase on the thermal effects of micellization of cationic benzyldimethyldodecylammonium bromide and its adsorption onto porous and nonporous silicas.
PubMed:General anesthetic octanol and related compounds activate wild-type and delF508 cystic fibrosis chloride channels.
PubMed:Electron microprobe analysis of ouabain-exposed ciliary epithelium: PE-NPE cell couplets form the functional units.
PubMed:Total synthesis of (+/-)-didehydrostemofoline (asparagamine A) and (+/-)-isodidehydrostemofoline.
PubMed:An investigation of chemotaxis in the insect parasitic nematode Heterorhabditis bacteriophora.
PubMed:Study of light-induced volatile compounds in goat's milk cheese.
PubMed:Disposition of short-chain aliphatic alcohols in rabbit vitreous by ocular microdialysis.
PubMed:Activation and inhibition of the transduction process in silkmoth olfactory receptor neurons.
PubMed:Solvent effect on ion-pair extraction of 2-(2-pyridylazo)-1-naphthol-4-sulfonate anion with solvated hydroxonium ion using alcohols and 1-octanol/octane mixed solvents.
PubMed:Detection and quantification of ochratoxin A and deoxynivalenol in barley grains by GC-MS and electronic nose.
PubMed:A comparison of lipase-catalysed ester and lactone synthesis in low-water systems: analysis of optimum water activity.
PubMed:Growth factors but not gap junctions play a role in injury-induced Ca2+ waves in epithelial cells.
PubMed:Activation of connexin-43 hemichannels can elevate [Ca(2+)]i and [Na(+)]i in rabbit ventricular myocytes during metabolic inhibition.
PubMed:Dual functions for connexins: Cx43 regulates growth independently of gap junction formation.
PubMed:Gap junction blockers decrease defibrillation thresholds without changes in ventricular refractoriness in isolated rabbit hearts.
PubMed:Involvement of connexin 43 in meiotic maturation of bovine oocytes.
PubMed:Can gap-junction blockade preferentially inhibit neuronal hypersynchrony vs. excitability?
PubMed:Straight-chain alcohols exhibit a cutoff in potency for the inhibition of recombinant glutamate receptor subunits.
PubMed:In vitro hormone induction of final oocyte maturation in striped bass (Morone saxatilis) follicles is inhibited by blockers of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activity.
PubMed:Sequential substitution of 1,2-dichloro-ethene: a convenient stereoselective route to (9Z,11E)-, (10E,12Z)- and (10Z,12Z)-.
PubMed:Bacterial expression, purification, and characterization of rat hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase STa.
PubMed:Effect of beta-galactosidase hydration on alcoholysis reaction in organic one-phase liquid systems.
PubMed:Effects of insulin-like growth factor-I on in vitro final oocyte maturation and ovarian steroidogenesis in striped bass, Morone saxatilis.
PubMed:New syntheses of the rice moth and stink bug pheromones by employing (2R, 6S)-7-acetoxy-2,6-dimethyl-1-heptanol as a building block.
PubMed:Alcoholysis and reverse hydrolysis reactions in organic one-phase system with a hyperthermophilic beta-glycosidase.
PubMed:Mechanical strain-induced Ca(2+) waves are propagated via ATP release and purinergic receptor activation.
PubMed:Large-scale preparation of (9Z,12E)-[1-(13)C]-octadeca-9,12-dienoic acid, (9Z,12Z,15E)-[1-(13)C]-octadeca-9,12,15-trienoic acid and their [1-(13)C] all-cis isomers.
PubMed:Analysis of synaptic quantal depolarizations in smooth muscle using the wavelet transform.
PubMed:Intramolecular charge transfer at reverse micelle-water pool interface: p-N,N-dimethylaminobenzoic acid in AOT/cyclohexane/water reverse micelle.
PubMed:Use of partition models in setting health guidelines for volatile organic compounds.
PubMed:Characterization of nitric oxide- and prostaglandin-independent relaxation in response to acetylcholine in rabbit renal artery.
PubMed:An improved HPLC method for therapeutic drug monitoring of daunorubicin, idarubicin, doxorubicin, epirubicin, and their 13-dihydro metabolites in human plasma.
PubMed:Heptanol exerts epileptiform effects in identified neurons of the buccal ganglia of Helix pomatia.
PubMed:Effects of short chain alkanols on the inducible nitric oxide synthase in a glial cell line.
PubMed:Effects of heptanol on the neurogenic and myogenic contractions of the guinea-pig vas deferens.
PubMed:Effects of transforming growth factor-beta 2, interleukin 6 and fibronectin on corneal epithelial wound healing.
PubMed:Agrobacterium tumefaciens beta-glucosidase is also an effective beta-xylosidase, and has a high transglycosylation activity in the presence of alcohols.
PubMed:Studies on the interactions of chiral secondary alcohols with rat hydroxysteroid sulfotransferase STa.
PubMed:Combined effects of substance P and insulin-like growth factor-1 on corneal epithelial wound closure of rabbit in vivo.
PubMed:Correlation between hydrophobicity of short-chain aliphatic alcohols and their ability to alter plasma membrane integrity.
PubMed:Modulation of GABAA receptor function by alcohols: effects of subunit composition and differential effects of ethanol.
PubMed:Human granulosa cells in culture exhibit functional cyclic AMP-regulated gap junctions.
PubMed:Role of potassium channels in endothelium-dependent relaxation resistant to nitroarginine in the rat hepatic artery.
PubMed:The metabolism of n-nonane in male Fischer 344 rats.
PubMed:Mitochondrial alcohol dehydrogenase from ethanol-grown Euglena gracilis.
PubMed:Probing a functional role of Glu87 and Trp89 in the lid of Humicola lanuginosa lipase through transesterification reactions in organic solvent.
PubMed:Channel inhibition by alkanols occurs at a binding site on the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
PubMed:The role of myoendothelial cell contact in non-nitric oxide-, non-prostanoid-mediated endothelium-dependent relaxation of porcine coronary artery.
PubMed:Lethality, teratogenicity and growth inhibition of heptanol in Xenopus assayed by a modified frog embryo teratogenesis assay-Xenopus (FETAX) procedure.
PubMed:Volatile organic chemicals of a shore-dwelling cyanobacterial mat community.
PubMed:Lipases from Rhizomucor miehei and Humicola lanuginosa: modification of the lid covering the active site alters enantioselectivity.
PubMed:Gap junction gating sensitivity to physiological internal calcium regardless of pH in Novikoff hepatoma cells.
PubMed:Heptanol-induced decrease in cardiac gap junctional conductance is mediated by a decrease in the fluidity of membranous cholesterol-rich domains.
PubMed:Inhibitory effects of n-alkanols on the hormonal induction of maturation in follicle-enclosed Xenopus oocytes: implications for gap junctional transport of maturation-inducing steroid.
PubMed:Interleukin 6 facilitates corneal epithelial wound closure in vivo.
PubMed:Cytoplasmic dye transfer between metastatic tumor cells and vascular endothelium.
PubMed:Host-derived volatiles as attractants and pheromone synergists for driedfruit beetleCarpophilus hemipterus.
PubMed:Reversed-phase liquid chromatographic determination of idarubicin and its 13-hydroxy metabolite in human plasma.
PubMed:Adaptation of the membrane fatty acid composition by growth in the presence of n-alkanols influences glycosyltransferase expression in Streptococcus salivarius.
PubMed:Streptococcus pneumoniae type XIV polysaccharide: synthesis of a repeating branched tetrasaccharide with dioxa-type spacer-arms.
PubMed:Quantitative gap junction alterations in mammalian heart cells quickly frozen or chemically fixed after electrical uncoupling.
PubMed:Screening for eye irritancy using cultured HeLa cells.
PubMed:High-performance liquid chromatographic method for pharmacokinetic studies on the new anthracycline 4-demethoxydaunorubicin and its 13-dihydro derivative.
PubMed:Effect of several uncouplers of cell-to-cell communication on gap junction morphology in mammalian heart.
PubMed:Extraction chromatography with macroreticular polymer beads impregnated with monothiodibenzoylmethane solution.
PubMed:Partial molar volumes of some 1-alkanols in erythrocyte ghosts and lipid bilayers.
PubMed:Determination of odour affinities based on the dose-response relationships of the frog's electro-olfactogram.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic determination of tetracycline in plasma and urine.
PubMed:Reversed-phase liquid chromatographic determination of plasma levels of adriamycin and adriamycinol.
PubMed:Liquid chromatographic determination of daunorubicin and daunorubicinol in plasma from leukemic patients.
PubMed:Relative rates of hydrolysis by rat pancreatic lipase of esters of C2-C18 fatty acids with C1-C18 primary n-alcohols.
 
Notes:
a colorless liquid with a fragrant odor. it is used as an intermediate, solvent and in cosmetics.
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