spathulenol
1H-cycloprop[e]azulen-7-ol, decahydro-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylene-, (1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-
 
Notes:
sesquiterpene alcohol isolated from essential oils of artemisia vulgaris l. & artemisia dracunculus l.. Constit. of Salvia sclarea (clary sage)
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search
(1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylidene-1a,2,3,4a,5,6,7a,7b-octahydrocyclopropa[h]azulen-7-ol (Click)
CAS Number: 6750-60-3Picture of molecule
FDA UNII: 7XV9L96SJJ
Nikkaji Web: J16.275B
XlogP3-AA: 3.10 (est)
Molecular Weight: 220.35548000
Formula: C15 H24 O
NMR Predictor: Predict (works with chrome or firefox)
Category: natural substances and extractives
 
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information:
Google Scholar: Search
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Physical Properties:
Appearance: colorless to pale yellow clear liquid (est)
Assay: 97.00 to 100.00 % 
Food Chemicals Codex Listed: No
Boiling Point: 296.00 to  298.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
Vapor Pressure: 0.000141 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C. (est)
Flash Point: 255.00 °F. TCC ( 123.89 °C. )
logP (o/w): 4.406 (est)
Soluble in:
 alcohol
 water, 12.44 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in:
 water
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Organoleptic Properties:
Odor Type: earthy
Odor Strength: medium
 earthy  herbal  fruity  
Odor Description:
at 100.00 %. 
earthy herbal fruity
  
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Cosmetic Information:
None found
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Suppliers:
 None found
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Safety Information:
 
Hazards identification
 
Classification of the substance or mixture
GHS Classification in accordance with 29 CFR 1910 (OSHA HCS)
None found.
GHS Label elements, including precautionary statements
 
Pictogram
 
Hazard statement(s)
None found.
Precautionary statement(s)
None found.
Oral/Parenteral Toxicity:
Not determined
Dermal Toxicity:
Not determined
Inhalation Toxicity:
Not determined
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety in Use Information:
Category: natural substances and extractives
Recommendation for spathulenol usage levels up to:
 not for fragrance use.
 
Recommendation for spathulenol flavor usage levels up to:
 not for flavor use.
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Safety References:
EPI System: View
EPA ACToR: Toxicology Data
EPA Substance Registry Services (SRS): Registry
Laboratory Chemical Safety Summary : 92231
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases: Data
 (1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylidene-1a,2,3,4a,5,6,7a,7b-octahydrocyclopropa[h]azulen-7-ol
Chemidplus: 0006750603
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
References:
 (1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylidene-1a,2,3,4a,5,6,7a,7b-octahydrocyclopropa[h]azulen-7-ol
NIST Chemistry WebBook: Search Inchi
Pubchem (cid): 92231
Pubchem (sid): 135047799
Flavornet: 6750-60-3
Pherobase: View
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Other Information:
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009
(IUPAC): Atomic Weights of the Elements 2009 (pdf)
Videos: The Periodic Table of Videos
tgsc: Atomic Weights use for this web site
(IUPAC): Periodic Table of the Elements
CHEBI: View
CHEMBL: View
HMDB (The Human Metabolome Database): HMDB36420
FooDB: FDB015304
VCF-Online: VCF Volatile Compounds in Food
ChemSpider: View
Wikipedia: View
RSC Learn Chemistry: View
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Potential Blenders and core components note
 
For Odor
anisic
 amyl furoateFL/FR
balsamic
 bornyl formateFL/FR
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
caramellic
 diethyl malateFL/FR
earthy
 methyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
(Z)-4-octen-1-olFL/FR
2-octyl acetateFL/FR
ethereal
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
floral
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 butyl tiglateFR
 cassis cyclohexeneFR
 dihydro-alpha-iononeFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranium oil moroccoFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
 menthadienyl formateFR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
 rose undeceneFR
fruity
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
2-nonanoneFL/FR
fungal
 hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
green
isoamyl formateFL/FR
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
 chamomile propionateFR
 chamomile valerateFR
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
 geranium concreteFL/FR
 herbal ketoneFR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
2-methyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
isopiperitenoneFL/FR
 rue flower oil colombia 
 rue oilFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 tagete oil turkeyFL/FR
 tagete oil zambiaFL/FR
 tricyclodecenyl propionateFR
 viridiflorolFL/FR
orris
 orris capronateFL/FR
waxy
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
woody
 verdoxanFR
 
For Flavor
 
No flavor group found for these
 amyl furoateFL/FR
para-anisyl propionateFL/FR
 benzyl methyl tiglateFL
 bornyl formateFL/FR
isobutyl heptanoateFL/FR
 cuminyl acetateFL/FR
 diethyl malateFL/FR
 ethyl 4-pentenoateFL/FR
 hydroxymethyl hexyl ethyl ketoneFL/FR
 methyl benzyl acetate (mixed ortho-,meta-,para-)FL/FR
2-methyl-3-buten-2-olFL/FR
 nonan-3-yl acetateFL/FR
3-nonanoneFL/FR
1,5-octadien-3-olFL
3-octanon-1-olFL/FR
(Z)-4-octen-1-olFL/FR
2-octyl acetateFL/FR
beta-sesquiphellandrene 
isopiperitenoneFL/FR
 rue flower oil colombia 
 viridiflorolFL/FR
acidic
(E)-2-hexenoic acidFL
cheesy
2-nonanoneFL/FR
coconut
 butyl heptanoateFL/FR
coffee
 methyl furfuryl mercaptopropionateFL
cooling
dextro-fenchoneFL/FR
ethereal
 methyl hexyl etherFL/FR
fatty
2-tridecanoneFL/FR
floral
 dihydro-alpha-iononeFL/FR
 dimethyl benzyl carbinyl butyrateFL/FR
 geranium oil moroccoFL/FR
 geranyl tiglateFL/FR
 jasmin absolute egypt (from concrete)FL/FR
fruity
 benzyl acetoneFL/FR
 buchu mercaptan acetateFL/FR
1-para-menthen-9-yl acetateFL/FR
 methyl 3-hexenoateFL/FR
2-methyl butyl isovalerateFL/FR
 tagete oil CO2 extractFL/FR
 tagete oil rwandaFL/FR
 tagete oil south africaFL/FR
 tagete oil turkeyFL/FR
 tagete oil zambiaFL/FR
green
isoamyl formateFL/FR
isobutyl methyl ketoneFL/FR
 hexyl tiglateFL/FR
herbal
isoamyl heptanoateFL/FR
 butyl levulinateFL/FR
 geranium concreteFL/FR
 linalyl octanoateFL/FR
para-menth-1-ene-9-olFL/FR
 oregano oleoresinFL
 orris capronateFL/FR
 rue oilFL/FR
phenolic
 propyl 2-furoateFL
tropical
alpha-amyl cinnamaldehydeFL/FR
woody
(1S,5R)-myrtenyl acetateFL/FR
 
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Potential Uses:
 chamomileFR
 herbalFR
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Occurrence (nature, food, other): note
 allspice fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 allspice seed
Search Trop  Picture
 angelica root oil @ 0.14%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 angelica seed oil CO2 extract @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia campestris spp. glutinosa flower oil italy @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 artemisia variabilis flower oil italy @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 baccharis coridifolia oil argentina @ 4.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 backhousia citriodora f. muell. leaf oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil CO2 sweet @ 0.62%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil oil sweet @ 1.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 basil shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay laurel leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 bay leaf oil @ 0.00-0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bois de rose leaf oil brazil @ 0.35-0.62%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 bois de rose oil brazil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cabbage shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 cajuput oil @ 8.3%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cascarilla bark oil @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis flower oil australia @ 8.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassinia laevis leaf oil australia @ 4.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cassis bud oil @ trace-2.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cedrela wood oil @ 0.08%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile german chamomile
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomile sweet false chamomile plant
Search Trop  Picture
 chamomilla recutita (l.) rauschert
PbMd  Search Trop  Picture
 cinnamomum fragrans baillon leaf oil madagascar @ 1.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil france @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil greece @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 clary sage oil spain @ 0.12%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 crithmum maritimum l. oil turkey @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton cajucara benth. leaf oil brazil @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 croton flavens l. (welensali) leaf oil curacao @ 4.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 cubeb oil @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curcuma amada roxb. rhizome oil india @ 0.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 currant black currant bud
Search Trop  Picture
 curry leaf oil india @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 curry wood leaf oil australia @ 42.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 elyonurus muticus (sprengel) o.kuntze leaf oil brazil @ 18.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehn. leaf oil jerusalem @ 17.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus camaldulensis dehnh. leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus citriodora oil @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus bicostata oil @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus fruit oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus maidenii f. muell oil @ 0.19%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus oil @ 0.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus globulus pseudoglobulus oil @ 0.13%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus grandis w. hill ex maiden leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus saligna smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 9.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus spathulata hook
Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus tereticornis smith leaf oil ethiopia @ 2.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 eucalyptus urophylla s.t. blake leaf oil ethiopia @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 fleabane oil @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium oil rwanda @ 0.22%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 geranium rose-scented oil (pelargonium spp.) cuba @ 2.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 horsemint shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis spicigera lam. oil mali @ 0.20-0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyptis suaveolens (l.) poit. oil mali @ 0.30-0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop flower
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop leaf
Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop oil CO2 extract @ 4.7%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 hyssop shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 kachur oil @ 1.00%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 labdanum leaf oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 laurel leaf oil turkey @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 layana oil kenya @ 0.09%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil morocco @ 5.2%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lemon verbena oil turkey @ 4.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lime oil expressed florida @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 lippia aff. gracillis h.b.k. leaf oil brazil @ 0.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mango fruit
Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. eximium oil australia @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 manuka var. scoparium oil new zealand @ 0.52%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil spain @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet cuba @ 1.07%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet iran @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram oil sweet turkey @ 0.09-0.11%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 marjoram pot oil turkey @ 0.00-0.16%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos fitzgeraldii leaf oil australia @ 3.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 microstrobos niphophilus leaf oil australia @ 3.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 mugwort
Search Trop  Picture
 mugwort plant
Search Trop  Picture
 myrrhinium atropurpureum schott leaf oil brazil @ 1.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 myrtle oil @ 0.02%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta betonicifolia c.a. meyer oil turkey @ 9.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 nepeta racemosa lam. oil iran @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 oregano plant
Search Trop  Picture
 oregano shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper fruit oil
Search Trop  Picture
 pepper black pepper seed oil
Search Trop  Picture
 phoebe oil brazil @ 0.66%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 pine needle oil dwarf @ 0.24%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 plectranthus glandulosus hook f. leaf oil cameroon @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 polyalthia australis (benth.) jessup leaf oil australia @ 18.60%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uechtritzii boiss. et hausskn. fruit oil turkey @ 1.80%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 prangos uloptera dc. oil iran @ 3.30%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 protium heptaphyllum (aubl.) march leaf oil brazil @ 4.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sage leaf oil
Search Trop  Picture
 sage oil reunion @ trace%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sandalwood oil @ 1.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 satureja viminea l. oil costa rica @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oil winter @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 savory oleoresin winter @ 0.70%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 stachys recta l. oil serbia @ 0.90%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sugandha kokila berry oil @ 0.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 sundacarpus amarus (blume) c.n. page leaf oil australia @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tagete oil CO2 extract @ 2.42%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tansy oil marocco @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon shoot
Search Trop  Picture
 tarragon shoot oil
Search Trop  Picture
 tea tree oil australia @ 0.15%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 thyme oil spain @ 0.28%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 trachyspermum roxburghianum benth. ex. kurz. seed oil india @ 0.10%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 valerian root oil CO2 extract china @ 1.84%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 vassoura oil @ 3.50%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil annus france @ 0.00-0.49%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 wormwood oil italy @ 0.1%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 xylopia aromatica (lam.) mart. leaf oil cuba @ 64.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 zanthoxylum bracchyacanthum l. leaf oil australia @ 0.20%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
 zanthoxylum ovalifolium l. leaf oil australia @ 4.40%
Data  GC  Search Trop  Picture
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Synonyms:
1H-cycloprop[e]azulen-7-ol, decahydro-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylene-, (1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-
(1ar- (1aalpha,4aalpha, 7beta,7abeta,7balpha))-decahydro-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylene-1H-cycloprop(e)azulen-7-ol
 espatulenol
(+)-spathulenol
 spirosantalol
(1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylenedecahydro-1H-cyclopropa[e]azulen-7-ol
(1aR,4aR,7S,7aR,7bR)-1,1,7-trimethyl-4-methylidenedecahydro-1H-cyclopropa[e]azulen-7-ol
(1R,2R,4R,8R,11S)-3,3,11-trimethyl-7-methylidenetricyclo[6.3.0.02,4]undecan-11-ol
Synonyms   Articles   Notes   Search   Top
Articles:
PubMed: Airborne Antituberculosis Activity of Eucalyptus citriodora Essential Oil.
J-Stage: Antioxidant Activities and Essential Oil Composition of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae from China
PubMed: Terpene constituents of the leaves of five Vietnamese species of Clausena (Rutaceae).
J-Stage: Anti-inflammatory Diterpene from Thyrsanthera suborbicularis
PubMed: Comparison of the volatile oil composition of three Atalantia species.
J-Stage: Caesaldecan, a Cassane Diterpenoid from the Leaves of Caesalpinia decapetala
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils from the leaves and stem barks of Vietnamese species of Polyalthia harmandiiPolyalthia jucunda and Polyalthia thorelii.
J-Stage: A New Furanoid Diterpene from Caesalpinia pulcherrima
PubMed: Chemical composition and general toxicity of essential oils extracted from the aerial parts of Artemisia armeniaca Lam. and A. incana (L.) Druce growing in Iran.
PubMed: Comparative analysis of the essential oil composition of Murraya paniculata and M. exotica.
PubMed: Essential oils composition of croton species from the Amazon.
PubMed: Chemical composition and insecticidal activity of plant essential oils from Benin against Anopheles gambiae (Giles).
PubMed: The seasonal variation of the chemical composition of essential oils from Porcelia macrocarpa R.E. Fries (Annonaceae) and their antimicrobial activity.
PubMed: Variability of the root essential oils of Seseli rigidum Waldst. & Kit. (Apiaceae) from different populations in Serbia.
PubMed: Study on Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Fingerprint of Acanthopanax brachypus.
PubMed: Nematicidal activity of the essential oil of Rhododendron anthopogonoides aerial parts and its constituent compounds against Meloidogyne incognita.
PubMed: Identification of repellent and insecticidal constituents of the essential oil of Artemisia rupestris L. aerial parts against Liposcelis bostrychophila Badonnel.
PubMed: Genotoxic effects of Campomanesia xanthocarpa extracts on Allium cepa vegetal system.
PubMed: GC and GC-MS analysis of the essential oil of Nepeta cilicica Boiss. ex Benth. from Lebanon.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents of stems and leaves of Salvia yunnanensis and their anti-angiogeneic activities].
PubMed: Compounds from the Fruits of the Popular European Medicinal Plant Vitex agnus-castus in Chemoprevention via NADP(H):Quinone Oxidoreductase Type 1 Induction.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oil of Dipsacus japonicus flowering aerial parts and its insecticidal activity against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum.
PubMed: Chemical composition of essential oils and in vitro antioxidant activity of fresh and dry leaves crude extracts of medicinal plant of Lactuca Sativa L. native to Sultanate of Oman.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Chromolaena laevigata during flowering and fruiting stages.
PubMed: Nudibaccatumone, a trimer comprising a phenylpropanoid and two sesquiterpene moieties from Piper nudibaccatum.
PubMed: Essential oils from five species of Annonaceae from Vietnam.
PubMed: Chemical composition of Hypericum richeri subsp. grisebachii essential oil from Croatia.
PubMed: Hirtinone, a Novel cycloartane-type triterpene and other compounds from Trichilia hirta L. (Meliaceae).
PubMed: Chemical diversity among the essential oils of wild populations of Stachys lavandulifolia VAHL (Lamiaceae) from Iran.
PubMed: GC-MS analysis of insecticidal essential oil of flowering aerial parts of Saussurea nivea Turcz.
PubMed: Volatile oil constituents of different parts of Artemisia chamaemelifolia and the composition and antibacterial activity of the aerial parts of A. turcomanica from Iran.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oils from Peucedanum cervaria and P. alsaticum growing wild in the urban area of Vienna (Austria).
PubMed: Chemotaxonomic and micromorphological traits of Satureja montana L. and S. subspicata Vis. (Lamiaceae).
PubMed: Chemotaxonomical markers in essential oil of Murraya koenigii.
PubMed: Essential oil and other constituents from Magnolia ovata fruit.
PubMed: Metabolism by grasshoppers of volatile chemical constituents from Mangifera indica and Solanum paniculatum leaves.
PubMed: Study on the volatile oil contents of Annona glabra L., Annona squamosa L., Annona muricata L. and Annona reticulata L., from Vietnam.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oils of Centaurea formanekii and C. orphanidea ssp. thessala, growing wild in Greece.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity of the essential oil from the leaves of Acanthopanax leucorrhizus (Oliv.) Harms.
PubMed: Differences in the volatile compositions of ginseng species (Panax sp.).
PubMed: Constituents and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from flower, leaf and stem of Helichrysum armenium.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Espeletia nana.
PubMed: Chemical classification of the essential oils of the Iranian Salvia species in comparison with their botanical taxonomy.
PubMed: Culture conditions and salt effects on essential oil composition of sweet marjoram (Origanum majorana) from Tunisia.
PubMed: Fragrant volatile oil composition of Nutmeg Geranium (Pelargonium × fragrans Willd.) from India.
PubMed: Velamo do campo: its volatile constituents, secretory elements, and biological activity.
PubMed: Evaluation of the antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory and gastric antiulcer activities of the essential oil from Piper aleyreanum C.DC in rodents.
PubMed: Antioxidant activities and essential oil composition of Herba Artemisiae Scopariae from China.
PubMed: Essential oil from the leaves of Annona vepretorum: chemical composition and bioactivity.
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Cyclotrichium leucotrichum from Iran.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial, antiradical and anticholinesterase activity of the essential oil of Pulicaria stephanocarpa from Soqotra.
PubMed: Composition of the essential oil of Pogostemon travancoricus var. travancoricus.
PubMed: Correlation between chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils from fifteen Eucalyptus species growing in the Korbous and Jbel Abderrahman arboreta (North East Tunisia).
PubMed: Composition of the volatile oils of two Anthemis L. taxa from Turkey.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antioxidant activity of the essential oil of Tabernaemontana catharinensis A. DC. leaves.
PubMed: Phytotoxic activity in Flourensia campestris and isolation of (--)-hamanasic acid A as its active principle compound.
PubMed: Volatile constituents of two species of Protium from the Atlantic rainforest in the state of Pernambuco, Brazil.
PubMed: Sedative effects of essential oils obtained from Baccharis uncinella.
PubMed: Toxicity of Rhododendron anthopogonoides essential oil and its constituent compounds towards Sitophilus zeamais.
PubMed: Chemical and allelopathic analyses of essential oils of Prangos pabularia Lindl. from Iran.
PubMed: Acaricidal, insecticidal, and larvicidal efficacy of fruit peel aqueous extract of Annona squamosa and its compounds against blood-feeding parasites.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Achillea cretica L. (Asteraceae) from Turkey.
PubMed: Volatile components from aerial parts of Centaurea gracilenta and C. ovina ssp. besserana growing wild in Bulgaria.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of the extracts of the flowers of the Chinese plant Chimonanthus praecox.
PubMed: [Chemical composition of essential oils from leaves of Helicteres guazumifolia (Sterculiaceae), Piper tuberculatum (Piperaceae), Scoparia dulcis (Arecaceae) and Solanum subinerme (Solanaceae) from Sucre, Venezuela].
PubMed: Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antimicrobial and free-radical-scavenging activities of the essential oils from Euryops arabicus and Laggera decurrens.
PubMed: Composition and antifungal activity of the essential oil from the rhizome and roots of Ferula hermonis.
PubMed: Chemical Compositionand Anti-acetyl cholinesterase Activity of Flower Essential Oils of Artemisiaannuaat Different Flowering Stage.
PubMed: GC/MS analysis and analgesic effect of the essential oil of Matricaria pubescens from Algeria.
PubMed: Volatile constituent distribution of Prangos coryombosa Boiss at two stages of growth.
PubMed: Characterisation of the essential oil of Nepeta glomerata Montbret et Aucher ex Bentham from Lebanon and its biological activities.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of endemic Tanacetum zahlbruckneri (Nab.) and Tanacetum tabrisianum (Boiss.) Sosn. and Takht. from Turkey.
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory diterpene from Thyrsanthera suborbicularis.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil of Croton gossypiifolius from Venezuela.
PubMed: Variation in volatile leaf oils of seven eucalyptus species harvested from Zerniza arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed: Variation in volatile leaf oils of five Eucalyptus species harvested from Jbel Abderrahman arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed: Eucalyptus oleosa essential oils: chemical composition and antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the oils from different plant parts (stems, leaves, flowers and fruits).
PubMed: Caryophyllene oxide-rich essential oils of Lithuanian Artemisia campestris ssp. campestris and their toxicity.
PubMed: Chemical constituents and larvicidal activity of Hymenaea courbaril fruit peel.
PubMed: Chemical composition and mosquito larvicidal activities of Salvia essential oils.
PubMed: Chemical composition and cytotoxicity of oils and eremophilanes derived from various parts of Eremophila mitchellii Benth. (Myoporaceae).
PubMed: Phytochemical analysis and antioxidant activity of Hyssopus officinalis L. from Iran.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oils from Centaurea pannonica and C. jacea.
PubMed: Composition of essential oils in subterranean organs of three species of Valeriana L.
PubMed: Essential oil composition of leaves of Stachys yemenensis obtained by supercritical CO₂.
PubMed: Chemical composition, seasonal variation, and biosynthetic considerations of essential oils from Baccharis microdonta and B. elaeagnoides (Asteraceae).
PubMed: Identification of spathulenol in Salvia mirzayanii and the immunomodulatory effects.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from Cleome spinosa.
PubMed: Chemical composition and toxicity against Sitophilus zeamais and Tribolium castaneum of the essential oil of Murraya exotica aerial parts.
PubMed: Volatile profiles of Artemisia alba from contrasting serpentine and calcareous habitats.
PubMed: Chemical composition of the essential oil and hexane extract of Salvia chionantha and their antioxidant and anticholinesterase activities.
PubMed: Chemical composition and larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti larvae of essential oils from four Guarea species.
PubMed: [Analysis of the chemical constituents of essential oil from the leaves of Callicarpa integerrima].
PubMed: Essential oil composition and variability of Hypericum perforatum from wild populations of northern Turkey.
PubMed: Variation in volatile leaf oils of eleven eucalyptus species harvested from korbous arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed: Anti-inflammatory activity of essential oil from leaves of Myrciaria tenella and Calycorectes sellowianus.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of extracts of some plants used in Brazilian traditional medicine against the pathogenic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis.
PubMed: Isolation and structure determination of one new metabolite isolated from the red fermented rice of Monascus purpureus.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of endemic Centaurea cariensis subsp. niveo-tomentosa.
PubMed: Antiprotozoal, schistosomicidal, and antimicrobial activities of the essential oil from the leaves of Baccharis dracunculifolia.
PubMed: Variation in volatile leaf oils of 13 Eucalyptus species harvested from Souinet arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed: Extraction, separation and isolation of volatiles from Vitex agnus-castus L. (Verbenaceae) wild species of Sardinia, Italy, by supercritical CO2.
PubMed: Composition and anti-wood-decay fungal activities of the leaf essential oil of Machilus philippinensis from Taiwan.
PubMed: Chemical variability, antifungal and antioxidant activity of Eucalyptus camaldulensis essential oil from Sardinia.
PubMed: Volatile components of aerial parts of Centaurea nigrescens and C. stenolepis growing wild in the Balkans.
PubMed: Two new terpenoids from Trichilia quadrijuga (Meliaceae).
PubMed: Variation in volatile leaf oils of twelve eucalyptus species harvested from Hajeb Layoun arboreta (Tunisia).
PubMed: Chemotypes of Pistacia atlantica leaf essential oils from Algeria.
PubMed: Croton sonderianus essential oil samples distinctly affect rat airway smooth muscle.
PubMed: Structure-activity relationships of aromadendranes in uterus-relaxant activity.
PubMed: Genotoxic activity of Eucalyptus globulus essential oil in Aspergillus nidulans diploid cells.
PubMed: Content and composition of the essential oil of Chamomilla recutita (L.) Rauschert from some European countries.
PubMed: [Study on the volatile oil of Murraya exotica].
PubMed: Gastroprotective effect and cytotoxicity of abietane diterpenes from the Chilean Lamiaceae Sphacele chamaedryoides (Balbis) Briq.
PubMed: Chemical composition of endemic Centaurea austro-anatolica and studies of its antimicrobial activity against multi-resistant bacteria.
PubMed: Composition and biological activity of essential oils from Protium confusum.
PubMed: In vitro study of antibacterial activity on multi-resistant bacteria and chemical composition of the chloroform extract of endemic Centaurea drabifolia subsp. cappadocica.
PubMed: Anti-leishmanial lindenane sesquiterpenes from Hedyosmum angustifolium.
PubMed: Differential acetyl cholinesterase inhibition by volatile oils from two specimens of Marlierea racemosa (Myrtaceae) collected from different areas of the Atlantic Rain Forest.
PubMed: Constituents of the leaves of Magnolia ovata.
PubMed: Chemical variation of the essential oil of Prangos uloptera DC. at different stages of growth.
PubMed: Temperature-dependent release of volatile organic compounds of eucalypts by direct analysis in real time (DART) mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Secondary metabolites and cytotoxic activities from the stem bark of Zanthoxylum nitidum.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of Senecio sandrasicus on antibiotic resistant staphylococci.
PubMed: Chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oils of Eugenia species.
PubMed: Antiulcerogenic and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil from Pterodon emarginatus seeds.
PubMed: Chemical composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Centaurea ensiformis Hub.-Mor. (Asteraceae), a species endemic to Mugla (Turkey).
PubMed: Chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity of the essential oils of two Helichrysum species from Tanzania.
PubMed: [Chemical constituents from the seed of Chimonanthus praecox extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide].
PubMed: Leaf essential oil composition of three species of Myrcianthes from Monteverde, Costa Rica.
PubMed: [Studies on expectorant compounds in volatile oil from root and rhizome of Aster tataricus].
PubMed: Variability of two essential oils of Kundmannia sicula (L.) DC., a traditional Algerian medicinal plant.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of Heterothalamus alienus metabolites.
PubMed: Composition of Eucalyptus camaldulensis volatiles using direct thermal desorption coupled with comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry.
PubMed: Phytochemical investigation on leaf extract of Cordia salicifolia Cham.
PubMed: Antifungal activity of essential oils of Croton species from the Brazilian Caatinga biome.
PubMed: Composition, and anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities of the volatile oil from the fruit peel of Garcinia brasiliensis.
PubMed: Spasmolytic effect of constituents from Lepechinia caulescens on rat uterus.
PubMed: Studies on the antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of Marrubium globosum subsp. globosum (lamiaceae) by three different chemical assays.
PubMed: Flavaglines and triterpenoids from the leaves of Aglaia forbesii.
PubMed: Essential oil of trees of the genus Ocotea (Lauraceae) in Costa Rica. I. Ocotea brenesii.
PubMed: Composition, antimicrobial activity and cytotoxicity of essential oils from Aristolochia mollissima.
PubMed: Diterpenoids and flavonoids from the fruits of Vitex agnus-castus and antioxidant activity of the fruit extracts and their constituents.
PubMed: Antimicrobial activity of the essential oil and extracts of Cordia curassavica (Boraginaceae).
PubMed: Comparison of composition and antifungal activity of Artemisia argyi Lévl. et Vant inflorescence essential oil extracted by hydrodistillation and supercritical carbon dioxide.
PubMed: Essential oil of the Persian sage, Salvia rhytidea Benth.
PubMed: Analysis of the essential oil composition of eight Anthemis species from Greece.
PubMed: GC-MS fingerprint of Pogostemon cablin in China.
PubMed: Study on the antiinflammatory activity of essential oil from leaves of Cinnamomum osmophloeum.
PubMed: Gaudichanolides A and B, clerodane diterpenes from Baccharis gaudichaudiana.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of mosquito bite deterrent terpenoids from leaves of American (Callicarpa americana) and Japanese (Callicarpa japonica) beautyberry.
PubMed: Gastric antiulcer and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil from Casearia sylvestris Sw.
PubMed: Comparison of the volatile composition of Stachys persica Gmel. and Stachys byzantina C. Koch. oils obtained by hydrodistillation and steam distillation.
PubMed: Caesaldecan, a cassane diterpenoid from the leaves of Caesalpinia decapetala.
PubMed: Phytochemical analysis and in vitro antimicrobial activity of two Satureja species essential oils.
PubMed: Screening of chemical composition and antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oils from three Turkish artemisia species.
PubMed: Bioactive constituents of Artemisia monosperma.
PubMed: Effect of magnesium on essential oil formation of genetically transformed and non-transformed chamomile cultures.
PubMed: Geranyl N-dimethylallylanthranilate, a new compound from Esenbeckia yaaxhokob.
PubMed: Chemical and biological evaluation of the essential oils of different Melaleuca species.
PubMed: Composition and anti-plasmodial activities of essential oils from some Cameroonian medicinal plants.
PubMed: A new furanoid diterpene from Caesalpinia pulcherrima.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oils from invasive species of the Azores, Hedychium gardnerianum and Pittosporum undulatum.
PubMed: Sesquiterpenes from Achillea pannonica Scheele.
PubMed: Composition and antibacterial activity of the essential oil of Satureja parnassica subsp parnassica.
PubMed: [GC-MS analysis and inhibitory activity of the essential oil extracted from the leaves of Lindera communis].
PubMed: Chemical analysis and antifungal activity of the essential oil of Calea clematidea.
PubMed: Phytotoxicity and volatile constituents from leaves of Callicarpa japonica Thunb.
PubMed: Effect of drying method on the volatiles in bay leaf (Laurus nobilis L.).
PubMed: Essential oil composition of sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum) form Turkey.
PubMed: Comparison of the essential oils of Glehnia littoralis from Northern and Southern Japan.
PubMed: Eucalyptus camaldulensis: volatiles from immature flowers and high production of 1,8-cineole and beta-pinene by in vitro cultures.
PubMed: 3-Acetoxyspathulenol, a new aromadendrane-type natural product from the soft Coral Parerythropodium fulvum.
PubMed: Composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Baccharis notosergila.
PubMed: Bioactive constituents of Conyza albida.
PubMed: Genetic diversity of Ocimum gratissimum L. based on volatile oil constituents, flavonoids and RAPD markers.
PubMed: A study of the production of essential oils in chamomile hairy root cultures.
PubMed: The steam volatile oil of Wollemia nobilis and its comparison with other members of the Araucariaceae (Agathis and Araucaria).
PubMed: Terpenoids from Salvia sclarea.
PubMed: Cytotoxic constituents of Baccharis gaudichaudiana.
PubMed: Plant anticancer agents, L. cytotoxic triterpenes from Sandoricum koetjape stems.
PubMed: Isolation and identification of cotton synomones mediating searching behavior by parasitoidCampoletis sonorensis.
PubMed: Composition of essential oils of Laurus nobilis, L. nobilis var. angustifolia and Laurus azorica.
PubMed: [Substances first isolated from the essential oils of two artemisia-species, 1. Spathulenol, an azulenogenic C15-alcohol (author's title)].
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