phenethyl alcohol
Notes :
grape enhancer - methyl anthranilate and phenethyl alcohol. rose accord: 0.01 - dihydromyrcenol 0.05 - benzyl propionate 0.05 - linalyl acetate 0.05 - phenethyl alcohol 0.01 - aldehyde C-14 10% 0.20 - amyl cinnamaldehyde 0.01 - ma/hy shiff 0.05 - naphthyl ethyl ether 0.01 - aldehyde C-16 10% 0.05 - geraniol an antimicrobial, antiseptic, and disinfectant that is used also as an aromatic essence and preservative in pharmaceutics and perfumery.
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  • Organoleptics
      • Organoleptic Properties
        Odor Type :floral
        Odor Strength :medium
        Odor Description:
        at 100.00 %. 
        floral rose dried rose flower rose water
        Substantivity :32 Hour(s)
  • Properties
      • Physical Properties
        Appearance :colorless clear oily liquid (est)
        Assay : 98.00 to 100.00 % 
        Halogens :Chlorine free
        Food Chemicals Codex Listed :Yes
        Specific Gravity :1.01700 to 1.02100 @  25.00 °C.
        Pounds per Gallon - (est). : 8.462 to  8.496
        Specific Gravity :1.01600 to 1.02400 @  20.00 °C.
        Pounds per Gallon - est. : 8.464 to 8.531
        Refractive Index :1.53000 to 1.55000 @  20.00 °C.
        Melting Point : -27.00 to  -25.80 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 219.00 to  221.00 °C. @ 760.00 mm Hg
        Boiling Point : 136.00 to  137.00 °C. @ 50.00 mm Hg
        PH Number :7.00
        Vapor Pressure :0.086800 mm/Hg @ 25.00 °C.
        Vapor Density :4.21 ( Air = 1 )
        Flash Point : 216.00 °F. TCC ( 102.22 °C. )
        logP (o/w) : 1.360
        Shelf Life : 24.00 month(s) or longer if stored properly.
        Storage :store in cool, dry place in tightly sealed containers, protected from heat and light.
  • Safety
      • Safety Information
        Most important hazard(s) :Xn - Harmful.
          R 21/22 - Harmful in contact with skin and if swallowed.
        R 36/38 - Irritating to skin and eyes.
        S 02 - Keep out of the reach of children.
        S 20/21 - When using do not eat, drink or smoke.
        S 24/25 - Avoid contact with skin and eyes.
        S 26 - In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice.
        S 36 - Wear suitable protective clothing.
        Human Experience : 100 %: no skin irritation. 8 % solution: non-sensitising.
        Oral/Parenteral Toxicity : 
          oral-mouse LD50  800 - 1500 mg/kg
        (Fassett, 1963)

        oral-guinea pig LD50  400 - 800 mg/kg
        (Fassett, 1963)

        oral-rat LD50  1800 mg/kg
        (Rumyantsev et al., 1987)

        oral-rat LD50  [sex: M] 1900 mg/kg
        2 Test substance administered as 5% musk ambrette in phenethyl alcohol.
        (Moreno, 1982e)

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1790 mg/kg
        (Jenner et al., 1964)

        oral-rat LD50  2234 mg/kg
        1 Value based on specific gravity = 1.02.
        (Zeller & Hoffmann, 1974)

        oral-rat LD50  [sex: M] 2100 mg/kg
        3 Test substance administered as 20% musk ambrette in phenethyl alcohol.
        (Moreno, 1982f)

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2540 mg/kg
        (Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

        gavage-mouse LD50  [sex: M,F] 2540 mg/kg
        (Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

        gavage-guinea pig LD50  [sex: M,F] 2540 mg/kg
        (Zaitsev & Rakhmanina, 1974)

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 1609 mg/kg
        (Mallory et al., 1982a)

        oral-rat LD50  [sex: M,F] 2509 mg/kg
        1 Value based on specific gravity = 1.02.
        (Carpenter et al., 1974)

        gavage-rat LD50  [sex: F] 3100 mg/kg
        4 Test substance administered as beta-phenethyl alcohol.
        (Grote & Woods, 1955)

        intraperitoneal-guinea pig LD50  200 mg/kg
        "Patty's Industrial Hygiene and Toxicology," 3rd rev. ed., Clayton, G.D., and F.E. Clayton, eds., New York, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1978-82. Vol. 3 originally pub. in 1979; pub. as 2n rev. ed. in 1985.Vol. 2C, Pg. 4642, 1982.

        oral-guinea pig LD50  2540 mg/kg
        Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

        oral-mouse LD50  2540 mg/kg
        Voprosy Pitaniya. Problems of Nutrition. Vol. 33(5), Pg. 48, 1974.

        oral-rabbit LDLo  2000 mg/kg
        Journal of Economic Entomology. Vol. 48, Pg. 139, 1955.

        oral-rat LD50  1790 mg/kg
        GASTROINTESTINAL: GASTRITIS BEHAVIORAL: COMA
        Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

        Dermal Toxicity : 
          skin-guinea pig LD50 > 5 ml/kg
        Food and Cosmetics Toxicology. Vol. 2, Pg. 327, 1964.

        subcutaneous-mouse LDLo 1640 mg/kg
        BEHAVIORAL: COMA BEHAVIORAL: ATAXIA BEHAVIORAL: GENERAL ANESTHETIC
        Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. Vol. 14, Pg. 211, 1920.

        skin-rabbit LD50 790 uL/kg
        Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. Vol. 28, Pg. 313, 1974.

        Inhalation Toxicity : 
          inhalation-rat LC50 > 500 mg/m3
        BEHAVIORAL: SOMNOLENCE (GENERAL DEPRESSED ACTIVITY) BLOOD: NORMOCYTIC ANEMIA
        Gigiena i Sanitariya. For English translation, see HYSAAV. Vol. 52(10), Pg. 83, 1987.

  • Safety in Use
      • Safety in Use Information
        Category :flavor and fragrance agents
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-EU) :1200.00 (μg/capita/day)
        Maximised Survey-derived Daily Intakes (MSDI-USA) :330.00 (μg/capita/day)
        Structure Class :I
        Recommendation for phenethyl alcohol fragrance usage levels up to :
          40.0000 % in the fragrance concentrate.
        Recommendation for phenethyl alcohol flavor usage levels up to :
          80.0000 ppm in the finished product.
  • Safety References
      • Safety References
        European Food Safety Athority(efsa) :Flavor usage levels; Subacute, Subchronic, Chronic and Carcinogenicity Studies; Developmental / Reproductive Toxicity Studies; Genotoxicity Studies...
        European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) reference(s) :
        Opinion of the Scientific Panel on food additives, flavourings, processing aids and materials in contact with food (AFC) related to: Flavouring Group Evaluation 14 (FGE.14): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters, and related phenylacetic acid esters from chemical group 15 (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000):page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 55 (FGE.55): Consideration of phenyl-substituted aliphatic alcohols and related aldehydes and esters evaluated by JECFA (63rd meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and aryl-substituted saturated and unsaturated primary alcohol/aldehyde/acid/ester derivatives evaluated by EFSA in FGE.15 (2005) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC):page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 53 (FGE.53): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) structurally related to phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, esters and related phenylacetic acid esters evaluated by EFSA in FGE.14 (2005) and one phenoxyethyl ester evaluated in FGE.23 (2006) (Commission Regulation (EC) No 1565/2000 of 18 July 2000) - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in contact with Food (AFC):page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 14, Revision 1 (FGE.14Rev1): Phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acetals, carboxylic acid and related esters from chemical group 15 and 22 [1] - Opinion of the Scientific Panel on Food Additives, Flavourings, Processing Aids and Materials in Contact with Food:page or pdf
        Flavouring Group Evaluation 53, Revision 1 (FGE.53Rev1): Consideration of phenethyl alcohol, aldehyde, acid and related acetals and esters evaluated by JECFA (59th meeting) FGE.23Rev1 (2008):page or pdf
        EPI System :View
        Chemicalize.org :Calculate predicted properties
        IUCLID Chemical Data Sheet :View
        ClinicalTrials.gov :search
        Daily Med :search
        NIOSH International Chemical Safety Cards :search
        NLM Hazardous Substances Data Bank :Search
        AIDS Citations :Search
        Cancer Citations :Search
        Toxicology Citations :Search
        EPA GENetic TOXicology :Search
        Env. Mutagen Info. Center :Search
        NLM Developmental and Reproductive Toxicity :Search
        EPA Substance Registry Services (TSCA) :60-12-8
        WISER :UN 2810
        WGK Germany :1
         2-phenylethanol
        DTP/NCI :406252
        Chemidplus :0000060128
        RTECS :60-12-8
Flavor/Fragrance Formulas
2-phenylethanol (Click)
CAS Number : 60-12-8
ESIS EC# (EINECS) :200-456-2
Beilstein Number :1905732
MDL :MFCD00002886
CoE Number :68
XlogP3 :1.40 (est)
Molecular Weight :122.16690000
Formula :C8 H10 O
BioActivity Summary :listing
NMR Predictor :Predict
Category :flavor and fragrance agents
US / EU / FDA / JECFA / FEMA / FLAVIS / Scholar / Patent Information :
Google Scholar : Search Google Books : Search
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Google Patents : Search US Patents : Search
EU Patents : Search IBM Patents : Obtain
Pubchem Patents:Search
PubMed : SearchNCBI : Search
JECFA Food Flavoring :987  phenethyl alcohol
Flavis Number :02.019 (Old site)
EU SANCO Food Flavourings :02.019  2-phenylethanol

FEMA Number :2858  phenethyl alcohol
FDA Mainterm : PHENETHYL ALCOHOL
FDA Regulation :FDA PART 172 -- FOOD ADDITIVES PERMITTED FOR DIRECT ADDITION TO FOOD FOR HUMAN CONSUMPTION
Subpart F--Flavoring Agents and Related Substances
Sec. 172.515 Synthetic flavoring substances and adjuvants.
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Picture of molecule
2-phenylethanol
Synonyms :
 benzene ethanol
 benzeneethanol
 benzyl carbinol
 benzyl methanol
2-hydroxyethyl benzene
(2-hydroxyethyl)benzene
2-hydroxyethylbenzene
b-hydroxyethylbenzene
b-phenethanol
2-phenethyl alcohol
 phenethyl alcohol nat.
 phenethyl alcohol natural
 phenethyl alcohol turkey, natural isolated constituent
 phenethylalcohol
2-phenyl ethan-1-ol
 phenyl ethanol
2-phenyl ethanol
beta-phenyl ethanol
 phenyl ethyl alcohol
2-phenyl ethyl alcohol
beta-phenyl ethyl alcohol
nat.phenyl ethyl alcohol
 phenyl ethyl alcohol extra
 phenyl ethyl alcohol FCC
 phenyl ethyl alcohol natural
 phenyl ethyl alcohol USP 24
1-phenyl-2-ethanol
 phenylethanol
2-phenylethanol
b-phenylethanol
 phenylethanol nat
 phenylethyl alcohol
b-phenylethyl alcohol
 phenylethyl alcohol (2-phenyl-1-ethanol)
 phenylethyl alcohol FCC
 phenylethyl alcohol USP/NF
Soluble in :
 alcohol
 dipropylene glycol
 fixed oils
 kerosene
 mineral oil, slightly
 propylene glycol
 water, 2.199e+004 mg/L @ 25 °C (est)
Insoluble in :
 paraffin oil
 water
Stability :
 alcoholic lotion
 antiperspirant
 bleach
 deo stick
 detergent perborate
 fabric softener
 hair spray
 hard surface cleaner
 liquid detergent
 non-discoloring in most media
 shampoo
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